Orlando, Florida

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"Orlando" redirects here. Orlando, Florida_sentence_0

For other uses, see Orlando (disambiguation). Orlando, Florida_sentence_1

Orlando, Florida_table_infobox_0

Orlando, FloridaOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_1_0 United StatesOrlando, Florida_cell_0_1_1
StateOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_2_0 FloridaOrlando, Florida_cell_0_2_1
CountyOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_3_0 OrangeOrlando, Florida_cell_0_3_1
SettledOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_4_0 1843 (Jernigan)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_4_1
Incorporated (city)Orlando, Florida_header_cell_0_5_0 February 4, 1885Orlando, Florida_cell_0_5_1
GovernmentOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_6_0
TypeOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_7_0 Mayor–CommissionOrlando, Florida_cell_0_7_1
MayorOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_8_0 Buddy Dyer (D)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_8_1
City councilOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_9_0 MembersOrlando, Florida_cell_0_9_1
AreaOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_10_0
TotalOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_11_0 294.61 km (113.75 sq mi)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_11_1
LandOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_12_0 272.51 km (105.22 sq mi)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_12_1
WaterOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_13_0 22.10 km (8.53 sq mi)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_13_1
UrbanOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_14_0 1,690.3 km (652.64 sq mi)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_14_1
ElevationOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_15_0 25 m (82 ft)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_15_1
Population (2010)Orlando, Florida_header_cell_0_16_0
TotalOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_17_0 238,300Orlando, Florida_cell_0_17_1
Estimate (2019)Orlando, Florida_header_cell_0_18_0 287,442Orlando, Florida_cell_0_18_1
RankOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_19_0 71st, U.S.Orlando, Florida_cell_0_19_1
DensityOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_20_0 1,017.10/km (2,634.27/sq mi)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_20_1
UrbanOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_21_0 1,510,516 (32nd U.S.)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_21_1
MetroOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_22_0 2,387,138 (23rd U.S.)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_22_1
CSAOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_23_0 3,129,308 (15th U.S.)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_23_1
Demonym(s)Orlando, Florida_header_cell_0_24_0 OrlandoanOrlando, Florida_cell_0_24_1
Time zoneOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_25_0 UTC−5 (EST)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_25_1
Summer (DST)Orlando, Florida_header_cell_0_26_0 UTC−4 (EDT)Orlando, Florida_cell_0_26_1
ZIP Code(s)Orlando, Florida_header_cell_0_27_0 32825Orlando, Florida_cell_0_27_1
Area codesOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_28_0 321, 407, 689Orlando, Florida_cell_0_28_1
FIPS codeOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_29_0 12-53000Orlando, Florida_cell_0_29_1
GNIS feature IDOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_30_0 0288240Orlando, Florida_cell_0_30_1
InterstatesOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_31_0 Interstate_4Orlando, Florida_cell_0_31_1
U.S. RoutesOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_32_0 U.S._Route_17_in_Florida U.S._Route_92_in_Florida U.S._Route_441Orlando, Florida_cell_0_32_1
Major State RoutesOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_33_0 Florida_State_Road_408 Florida_State_Road_414 Florida_State_Road_417 Florida_State_Road_429 Florida_State_Road_528 Florida's_TurnpikeOrlando, Florida_cell_0_33_1
WebsiteOrlando, Florida_header_cell_0_34_0 Orlando, Florida_cell_0_34_1

Orlando (/ɔːrˈlændoʊ/) is a city in the U.S. state of Florida and is the county seat of Orange County. Orlando, Florida_sentence_2

In Central Florida, it is the center of the Orlando metropolitan area, which had a population of 2,509,831, according to U.S. Orlando, Florida_sentence_3 Census Bureau figures released in July 2017, making it the 23rd-largest metropolitan area in the United States, the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States, and the third-largest metropolitan area in Florida. Orlando, Florida_sentence_4

As of 2019, Orlando had an estimated city-proper population of 287,442, making it the 71st-largest city in the United States, the fourth-largest city in Florida, and the state's largest inland city. Orlando, Florida_sentence_5

The City of Orlando is nicknamed "the City Beautiful", and its symbol is the Linton E. Allen Memorial Fountain, commonly referred to as simply the "Lake Eola fountain" at Lake Eola Park. Orlando, Florida_sentence_6

The Orlando International Airport (MCO) is the 13th-busiest airport in the United States and the 29th-busiest in the world. Orlando, Florida_sentence_7

Orlando is one of the most-visited cities in the world primarily driven by tourism, major events, and convention traffic; in 2018, the city drew more than 75 million visitors. Orlando, Florida_sentence_8

The two largest and most internationally renowned tourist attractions in the Orlando area are the Walt Disney World Resort, opened by the Walt Disney Company in 1971, and located about 21 miles (34 km) southwest of downtown Orlando in Bay Lake; and the Universal Orlando Resort, opened in 1990 as a major expansion of Universal Studios Florida and the only theme park inside Orlando city limits. Orlando, Florida_sentence_9

With the exception of the theme parks, most major cultural sites like the Orlando Museum of Art and Dr. Orlando, Florida_sentence_10 Phillips Center for the Performing Arts and world renown nightlife, bars and clubs are located in Downtown Orlando while most attractions are located along International Drive like the Wheel at ICON Park Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_11

The city is also one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions; the Orange County Convention Center is the second-largest convention facility in the United States. Orlando, Florida_sentence_12

Like other major cities in the Sun Belt, Orlando grew rapidly from the 1970s into the first decade of the 21st century. Orlando, Florida_sentence_13

Orlando is home to the University of Central Florida, which is the largest university campus in the United States in terms of enrollment as of 2015. Orlando, Florida_sentence_14

In 2010, Orlando was listed as a "Gamma +" level global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Orlando, Florida_sentence_15

Etymology Orlando, Florida_section_0

Fort Gatlin, as the Orlando area was once known, was established at what is now just south of the city limits by the 4th U.S. Orlando, Florida_sentence_16 Artillery under the command of Ltc. Orlando, Florida_sentence_17

Alexander C. W. Fanning on November 9, 1838, during the construction of a series of fortified encampments across Florida during the Second Seminole War. Orlando, Florida_sentence_18

The fort and surrounding area were named for John S. Gatlin, an Army physician who was killed in Dade's Massacre on December 28, 1835. Orlando, Florida_sentence_19

The site of construction for Fort Gatlin, a defensible position with fresh water between three small lakes, was likely chosen because the location was on a main trail and is less than 250 yards from a nearby Council Oak tree, where Native Americans had traditionally met. Orlando, Florida_sentence_20

King Phillip and Coacoochee frequented this area and the tree was alleged to be the place where the previous 1835 ambush that had killed over 100 soldiers had been planned. Orlando, Florida_sentence_21

When the U.S. Orlando, Florida_sentence_22 military abandoned the fort in 1839, the surrounding community was built up by settlers. Orlando, Florida_sentence_23

Prior to being known by its current name, Orlando was once known as Jernigan. Orlando, Florida_sentence_24

This name originates from the first European permanent settlers, Issac and Aaron Jernigan, cattlemen who moved from the state of Georgia and acquired land 2 miles (3.2 km) northwest of Fort Gatlin along the west end of Lake Holden in July 1843 by the terms of the Armed Occupation Act. Orlando, Florida_sentence_25

Aaron Jernigan became Orange County's first state representative in 1845, but his pleas for additional military protection went unanswered. Orlando, Florida_sentence_26

Fort Gatlin was briefly reoccupied by the military for a few weeks during October and November 1849, and subsequently a volunteer militia was left to defend the settlement. Orlando, Florida_sentence_27

A historical marker indicates that by 1850, the Jernigan homestead (or Fort Gatlin in some sources) served as the nucleus of a village named Jernigan. Orlando, Florida_sentence_28

According to an account written years later by his daughter, at that time, about 80 settlers were forced to shelter for about a year in "a stockade that Aaron Jernigan built on the north side of Lake Conway". Orlando, Florida_sentence_29

One of the county's first records, a grand jury's report, mentions a stockade where it states homesteaders were "driven from their homes and forced to huddle together in hasty defences [sic]." Orlando, Florida_sentence_30

Aaron Jernigan led a local volunteer militia during 1852. Orlando, Florida_sentence_31

A post office opened at Jernigan in 1850. Orlando, Florida_sentence_32

Jernigan appears on an 1855 map of Florida, and by 1856, the area had become the county seat of Orange County. Orlando, Florida_sentence_33

In 1857, the post office was removed from Jernigan, and opened under the name of Orlando at a new location in present-day downtown Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_34

During the American Civil War, the post office closed, but reopened in 1866. Orlando, Florida_sentence_35

The move is believed to be sparked, in part, by Aaron Jernigan's fall from grace after he was relieved of his militia command by military officials in 1856. Orlando, Florida_sentence_36

His behavior was so notorious that Confederate Secretary of War Jefferson Davis wrote, "It is said they [Jernigan's militia] are more dreadful than the Indians." Orlando, Florida_sentence_37

In 1859, Jernigan and his sons were accused of committing a murder at the town's post office. Orlando, Florida_sentence_38

They were then transported to Ocala, but escaped. Orlando, Florida_sentence_39

At least five stories relate how Orlando got its name. Orlando, Florida_sentence_40

The most common stories are that the name Orlando originated from the tale of a man who died in 1835 during an attack by Native Americans in the area during the Second Seminole War. Orlando, Florida_sentence_41

Several of the stories relay an oral history of the marker for a person named Orlando, and the double entendre, "Here lies Orlando." Orlando, Florida_sentence_42

One variant includes a man named Orlando who was passing by on his way to Tampa with a herd of oxen, died, and was buried in a marked grave. Orlando, Florida_sentence_43

At a meeting in 1857, debate had grown concerning the name of the town. Orlando, Florida_sentence_44

Pioneer William B. Orlando, Florida_sentence_45

Hull recalled how James Speer (a local resident, and prominent figure in the stories behind the naming of Orlando) rose in the heat of the argument and said, "This place is often spoken of as 'Orlando's Grave.' Orlando, Florida_sentence_46

Let's drop the word 'grave' and let the county seat be Orlando." Orlando, Florida_sentence_47

Through a retelling of history, a marker of some sort was believed to have been found by one of the original pioneers, but others claim Speer simply used the Orlando Reeves legend to help push his plan for naming the settlement after the Shakespearean character. Orlando, Florida_sentence_48

Orlando Reeves Orlando, Florida_section_1

Historians agree that likely no soldier was named Orlando Reeves. Orlando, Florida_sentence_49

Folklore is that Reeves was acting as a sentinel for a company of soldiers that had set up camp for the night on the banks of Sandy Beach Lake. Orlando, Florida_sentence_50

Several different lakes are mentioned in the various versions, as no soldiers were in what is now downtown during 1835. Orlando, Florida_sentence_51

The legend grew throughout the early 1900s, particularly with local historian Olive Brumbaugh (or Kena Fries) retelling in various writings and on local radio station WDBO in 1929. Orlando, Florida_sentence_52

Another historian, Eldon H. Gore, promoted the Reeves legend in History of Orlando published in 1949. Orlando, Florida_sentence_53

A memorial beside Lake Eola – originally placed by students of Orlando's Cherokee Junior School in 1939 and updated in 1990 – designates the spot where the city's supposed namesake fell. Orlando, Florida_sentence_54

Conflicting legends exist. Orlando, Florida_sentence_55

One legend has Reeves killed during an extended battle with the Seminoles after being field promoted after his platoon commander fell. Orlando, Florida_sentence_56

An in-depth review of military records in the 1970s and 1980s, though, turned up no record of Orlando Reeves ever existing. Orlando, Florida_sentence_57

Some versions attempt to account for Reeves having no military records by using the name of other people named Orlando that exist in some written records – Orlando Acosta; however, not much is known about Acosta or whether he even existed. Orlando, Florida_sentence_58

Another version of the story has Orlando Reed, supposedly an Englishman and mail carrier between Fort Gatlin and Fort Mellon, allegedly killed while camping with his friends near Fort Gatlin. Orlando, Florida_sentence_59

A second variation also places the story in 1835 during the Second Seminole War. Orlando, Florida_sentence_60

This name is taken from a South Carolinian cattle rancher named Orlando Savage Rees. Orlando, Florida_sentence_61

Rees owned a Volusia County sugar mill and plantation, as well as several large estates in Florida and Mississippi. Orlando, Florida_sentence_62

Rees' sugar farms in the area were burned out in the Seminole attacks of 1835 (the year Orlando Reeves supposedly died). Orlando, Florida_sentence_63

Subsequently, Rees led an expedition to recover stolen slaves and cattle. Orlando, Florida_sentence_64

In 1837, Rees also attempted to stop a peace treaty with the Seminoles because it did not reimburse him for the loss of slaves and crops. Orlando, Florida_sentence_65

Rees could have left a pine-bough marker with his name next to the trail; later residents misread "Rees" as "Reeves" and also mistook it as a grave maker. Orlando, Florida_sentence_66

In subsequent years, this story has merged with the Orlando Reeves story (which may have originally incorporated part of Dr. Gatlin's story). Orlando, Florida_sentence_67

On two separate occasions, relatives of Rees claimed their ancestor was the namesake of the city. Orlando, Florida_sentence_68

F.K. Bull of South Carolina (Rees' great-grandson) told an Orlando reporter of a story in 1955; years later, Charles M. Bull, Jr., of Orlando (Rees' great-great-grandson) offered local historians similar information. Orlando, Florida_sentence_69

Unlike Orlando Reeves, who cannot be traced to any historical record, the record is considerable that Orlando Rees did exist and was in Florida during that time. Orlando, Florida_sentence_70

For example, in 1832, John James Audubon met with Rees in his large estate at Spring Garden, about 45 minutes from Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_71

Orlando (As You Like It) Orlando, Florida_section_2

The final variation has the city named after the protagonist in the Shakespeare play As You Like It. Orlando, Florida_sentence_72

In 1975, Judge Donald A. Cheney put forth a new version of the story in an Orlando Sentinel article. Orlando, Florida_sentence_73

Cheney (a local historian and then chairman of the county historical commission) recounted a story told to him by his father, Judge John Moses Cheney (a major figure in Orlando's history, who arrived in Orlando in 1885). Orlando, Florida_sentence_74

The elder Cheney recounted that another gentleman at that time, James Speer, proposed the name Orlando after the character in As You Like It. Orlando, Florida_sentence_75

According to Cheney, Speer, "was a gentleman of culture and an admirer of William Shakespeare... Orlando, Florida_sentence_76

Quoting a letter that Speer wrote, "Orlando was a veritable Forest of Arden, the locale of As You Like It." Orlando, Florida_sentence_77

Speer's descendants have also confirmed this version of the naming and the legend has continued to grow. Orlando, Florida_sentence_78

This account also has some validity in that, as mentioned above, Speer was instrumental in changing the name of the settlement from Jernigan to Orlando, though he may have used the Orlando Reeves legend in lieu of his true intent to use the Shakespearean character. Orlando, Florida_sentence_79

According to yet another version of the story, Orlando may have been the name of one of his employees. Orlando, Florida_sentence_80

One of downtown Orlando's major streets is named Rosalind Avenue; Rosalind is the heroine of As You Like It, but this could also be a simple coincidence. Orlando, Florida_sentence_81

History Orlando, Florida_section_3

See also: Timeline of Orlando, Florida Orlando, Florida_sentence_82

Pre-European history Orlando, Florida_section_4

Very few archaeological sites are in the area today, except for the former site of Fort Gatlin along the shores of modern-day Lake Gatlin south of downtown Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_83

Incorporation Orlando, Florida_section_5

In 1823, the Treaty of Moultrie Creek created a Seminole reservation encompassing much of central Florida, including the area that would become Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_84

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 authorized relocation of the Seminole from Florida to Oklahoma, leading to the Second Seminole War. Orlando, Florida_sentence_85

In 1842, white settlement in the area was encouraged by the Armed Occupation Act. Orlando, Florida_sentence_86

After Mosquito County was divided in 1845, Fort Gatlin became the county seat of the newly created Orange County in 1856. Orlando, Florida_sentence_87

It remained a rural backwater during the Civil War, and suffered greatly during the Union blockade. Orlando, Florida_sentence_88

The Reconstruction Era brought on a population explosion, resulting in the incorporation of the Town of Orlando on July 31, 1875, with 85 residents (22 voters). Orlando, Florida_sentence_89

For a short time in 1879, the town revoked its charter, and was subsequently reincorporated. Orlando, Florida_sentence_90

Orlando was established as a city in 1885. Orlando, Florida_sentence_91

The period from 1875 to 1895 is remembered as Orlando's Golden Era, when it became the hub of Florida's citrus industry. Orlando, Florida_sentence_92

The period ended with the Great Freeze of 1894–95, which forced many owners to give up their independent citrus groves, thus consolidating holdings in the hands of a few "citrus barons", who shifted operations south, primarily around Lake Wales in Polk County. Orlando, Florida_sentence_93

The freeze caused many in Florida, including many Orlandoans, to move elsewhere, mostly to the North, California, or the Caribbean. Orlando, Florida_sentence_94

Notable homesteaders in the area included the Curry family. Orlando, Florida_sentence_95

Through their property in east Orlando flowed the Econlockhatchee River, which travelers crossed by fording. Orlando, Florida_sentence_96

This was commemorated by the street's name, Curry Ford Road. Orlando, Florida_sentence_97

Also, just south of the Orlando International Airport in the Boggy Creek area are 150 acres (0.61 km) of property homesteaded in the late 19th century by the Ward family. Orlando, Florida_sentence_98

This property is still owned by the Ward family, and can be seen from southbound flights out of Orlando International Airport immediately on the south side of SR 417. Orlando, Florida_sentence_99

Post–Industrial Revolution Orlando, Florida_section_6

Tourism in history Orlando, Florida_section_7

Perhaps the most critical event for Orlando's economy occurred in 1965 when Walt Disney announced plans to build Walt Disney World. Orlando, Florida_sentence_100

Although Disney had considered the regions of Miami and Tampa for his park, one of the major reasons behind his decision not to locate there was due to hurricanes – Orlando's inland location, although not free from hurricane damage, exposed it to less threat than coastal regions. Orlando, Florida_sentence_101

The vacation resort opened in October 1971, ushering in an explosive population and economic growth for the Orlando metropolitan area, which now encompasses Orange, Seminole, Osceola, and Lake Counties. Orlando, Florida_sentence_102

As a result, tourism became the centerpiece of the area's economy. Orlando, Florida_sentence_103

Orlando now has more theme parks and entertainment attractions than anywhere else in the world. Orlando, Florida_sentence_104

Another major factor in Orlando's growth occurred in 1962, when the new Orlando Jetport, the precursor of the present-day Orlando International Airport, was built from a portion of the McCoy Air Force Base. Orlando, Florida_sentence_105

By 1970, four major airlines (Delta Air Lines, National Airlines, Eastern Airlines, and Southern Airways) were providing scheduled flights. Orlando, Florida_sentence_106

McCoy Air Force Base officially closed in 1975, and most of it is now part of the airport. Orlando, Florida_sentence_107

The airport still retains the former Air Force Base airport code (MCO). Orlando, Florida_sentence_108

21st century Orlando, Florida_section_8

Today, the historic core of "Old Orlando" resides in downtown Orlando along Church Street, between Orange Avenue and Garland Avenue. Orlando, Florida_sentence_109

The urban development and the central business district of downtown have rapidly shaped the downtown skyline during recent history. Orlando, Florida_sentence_110

The present-day historic district is primarily associated with the neighborhoods around Lake Eola but stretches west across the city to Lake Lorna Dune and north into the College Park Neighborhood where you can find century-old oaks line brick streets. Orlando, Florida_sentence_111

These neighborhoods include the "Downtown Business District," "North Quarter," "Parramore," "Callahan," "South Eola Heights, "Lake Eola Heights,"Thornton Park" and "College Park", and contain some of the oldest homes in Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_112

2016 mass shooting Orlando, Florida_section_9

Main article: Orlando nightclub shooting Orlando, Florida_sentence_113

On June 12, 2016, more than 100 people were shot at Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_114

Fifty (including the gunman) were killed and 60 were wounded. Orlando, Florida_sentence_115

The gunman, whom the police SWAT team shot to death, was identified as 29-year-old Omar Mir Seddique Mateen, an American security guard. Orlando, Florida_sentence_116

The act of terrorism was both the deadliest mass shooting in modern United States history at the time and one of the deadliest mass shootings perpetrated by a single person in recorded world history. Orlando, Florida_sentence_117

Mateen pledged allegiance to the Islamic State during his unsuccessful negotiations with police. Orlando, Florida_sentence_118

After the shooting, the city held numerous vigils. Orlando, Florida_sentence_119

In November 2016, Orlando mayor Buddy Dyer announced the city's intention to acquire the Pulse Nightclub to build a permanent memorial for the 49 victims of the shooting. Orlando, Florida_sentence_120

The city offered to buy it for $2.25 million, but the club's owner declined to sell. Orlando, Florida_sentence_121

Geography and cityscape Orlando, Florida_section_10

The geography of Orlando is mostly wetlands, consisting of many lakes and swamps. Orlando, Florida_sentence_122

The terrain is generally flat, making the land fairly low and wet. Orlando, Florida_sentence_123

The area is dotted with hundreds of lakes, the largest of which is Lake Apopka. Orlando, Florida_sentence_124

Central Florida's bedrock is mostly limestone and very porous; the Orlando area is susceptible to sinkholes. Orlando, Florida_sentence_125

Probably the most famous incident involving a sinkhole happened in 1981 in Winter Park, a city immediately north of downtown Orlando, dubbed "The Winter Park Sinkhole". Orlando, Florida_sentence_126

See also: List of neighborhoods in Orlando, Florida Orlando, Florida_sentence_127

There are 115 neighborhoods within the city limits and many unincorporated communities. Orlando, Florida_sentence_128

Orlando's city limits resemble a checkerboard, with pockets of unincorporated Orange County surrounded by city limits. Orlando, Florida_sentence_129

Such an arrangement results in some areas being served by both Orange County and the City of Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_130

This also explains Orlando's relatively low city population when compared to its metropolitan population. Orlando, Florida_sentence_131

The city and county are working together in an effort to "round-out" the city limits with Orlando annexing portions of land already bordering the city limits. Orlando, Florida_sentence_132

Skyscrapers Orlando, Florida_section_11

Metro Orlando has a total of 19 completed skyscrapers. Orlando, Florida_sentence_133

The majority are located in downtown Orlando and the rest are located in the tourist district southwest of downtown. Orlando, Florida_sentence_134

Skyscrapers built in downtown Orlando have not exceeded 441 ft (134 m), since 1988, when the SunTrust Center was completed. Orlando, Florida_sentence_135

The main reason for this is the Orlando Executive Airport, just under 2 miles (3.2 km) from the city center, which does not allow buildings to exceed a certain height without approval from the FAA. Orlando, Florida_sentence_136

Downtown Orlando Orlando, Florida_section_12

Main article: List of tallest buildings in Orlando Orlando, Florida_sentence_137

See also: Financial District, Orlando Orlando, Florida_sentence_138

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_0

  • SunTrust Center, 1988, 441 ft (134 m), the tallest skyscraper in Greater Orlando.Orlando, Florida_item_0_0
  • The Vue at Lake Eola, 2008, 426 ft (130 m)Orlando, Florida_item_0_1
  • Orange County Courthouse, 1997, 416 ft (127 m).Orlando, Florida_item_0_2
  • Bank of America Center, 1988, 409 ft (125 m)Orlando, Florida_item_0_3
  • 55 West on the Esplanade, 2009, 377 ft (115 m)Orlando, Florida_item_0_4
  • Solaire at the Plaza, 2006, 359 ft (109 m)Orlando, Florida_item_0_5
  • Dynetech Center, 2009, 357 ft (109 m)Orlando, Florida_item_0_6
  • Church Street Plaza Tower 1, 2019, 315 ft (96 m)Orlando, Florida_item_0_7
  • Citi Tower, 2017, 293 ft (89 m)Orlando, Florida_item_0_8
  • Citrus Center, 1971, 280 ft (85 m)Orlando, Florida_item_0_9
  • Modera Central, 2018, 280 ft (85 m)Orlando, Florida_item_0_10
  • The Waverly on Lake Eola, 2001, 280 ft (85)Orlando, Florida_item_0_11

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_1

Outside downtown Orlando Orlando, Florida_section_13

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_2

Climate Orlando, Florida_section_14

According to the Köppen climate classification, Orlando has a humid subtropical climate like much of the deep Southern United States. Orlando, Florida_sentence_139

The two basic seasons in Orlando are a hot and rainy season, lasting from May until late September (roughly coinciding with the Atlantic hurricane season), and a warm and dry season from October through April. Orlando, Florida_sentence_140

The area's warm and humid climate is caused primarily by its low elevation, its position relatively close to the Tropic of Cancer, and its location in the center of a peninsula. Orlando, Florida_sentence_141

Many characteristics of its climate are a result of its proximity to the Gulf Stream, which flows around the peninsula of Florida. Orlando, Florida_sentence_142

During the height of Orlando's humid summer season, high temperatures are typically in the lower to mid 90s °F (32–36 °C), while low temperatures rarely fall below the mid 70s °F (23–26 °C). Orlando, Florida_sentence_143

The average window for such temperatures is April 19 – October 11. Orlando, Florida_sentence_144

The area's humidity acts as a buffer, usually preventing actual temperatures from exceeding 100 °F (38 °C), but also pushing the heat index to over 110 °F (43 °C). Orlando, Florida_sentence_145

The city's highest recorded temperature is 103 °F (39 °C), set on September 8, 1921. Orlando, Florida_sentence_146

During these months, strong afternoon thunderstorms occur almost daily. Orlando, Florida_sentence_147

These storms are caused by air masses from the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean colliding over Central Florida. Orlando, Florida_sentence_148

They are highlighted by spectacular lightning and can also bring heavy rain (sometimes several inches per hour) and powerful winds as well as rare damaging hail. Orlando, Florida_sentence_149

During the winter, humidity is much lower and temperatures are more moderate, and can fluctuate more readily. Orlando, Florida_sentence_150

The monthly daily average temperature in January is 60.2 °F (15.7 °C). Orlando, Florida_sentence_151

Temperatures dip below the freezing mark on an average of only 2.4 nights per year, and the lowest recorded temperature is 18 °F (−8 °C), set on December 28, 1894. Orlando, Florida_sentence_152

Because the winter season is dry and freezing temperatures usually occur only after cold fronts (and their accompanying precipitation) have passed, snow is exceptionally rare. Orlando, Florida_sentence_153

The only accumulation ever to occur in the city proper since record keeping began was in 1948, although some accumulation occurred in surrounding areas in a snow event in January 1977 that reached Miami. Orlando, Florida_sentence_154

Flurries have also been observed in 1989, 2006, and 2010. Orlando, Florida_sentence_155

The average annual rainfall in Orlando is 50.6 inches (1,290 mm), a majority of which occurs in the period from June to September. Orlando, Florida_sentence_156

October through May are Orlando's dry season. Orlando, Florida_sentence_157

During this period (especially in its later months), often a wildfire hazard exists. Orlando, Florida_sentence_158

During some years, fires have been severe. Orlando, Florida_sentence_159

In 1998, a strong El Niño caused an unusually wet January and February, followed by drought throughout the spring and early summer, causing a record wildfire season that created numerous air-quality alerts in Orlando and severely affected normal daily life, including the postponement of that year's Pepsi 400 NASCAR race in nearby Daytona Beach. Orlando, Florida_sentence_160

Orlando is a major population center and has a considerable hurricane risk, although it is not as high as in South Florida's urban corridor or other coastal regions. Orlando, Florida_sentence_161

Since the city is located 42 miles (68 km) inland from the Atlantic and 77 miles (124 km) inland from the Gulf of Mexico, hurricanes usually weaken before arriving. Orlando, Florida_sentence_162

Storm surges are not a concern since the region is 100 feet (30 m) above mean sea level. Orlando, Florida_sentence_163

Despite its location, the city does see strong hurricanes. Orlando, Florida_sentence_164

During the notorious 2004 hurricane season, Orlando was hit by three hurricanes that caused significant damage, with Hurricane Charley the worst of these. Orlando, Florida_sentence_165

The city also experienced widespread damage during Hurricane Donna in 1960. Orlando, Florida_sentence_166

Tornadoes are not usually connected with the strong thunderstorms of the humid summer. Orlando, Florida_sentence_167

They are more common during the infrequent cold days of winter, as well as in passing hurricanes. Orlando, Florida_sentence_168

The two worst major outbreaks in the area's history, a 1998 outbreak that killed 42 people and a 2007 outbreak that killed 21, both happened in February. Orlando, Florida_sentence_169

Demographics Orlando, Florida_section_15

Orlando, Florida_table_general_1

Orlando DemographicsOrlando, Florida_header_cell_1_0_0
2010 CensusOrlando, Florida_header_cell_1_1_0 OrlandoOrlando, Florida_header_cell_1_1_1 Orange CountyOrlando, Florida_header_cell_1_1_2 FloridaOrlando, Florida_header_cell_1_1_3
Total populationOrlando, Florida_cell_1_2_0 238,300Orlando, Florida_cell_1_2_1 1,145,956Orlando, Florida_cell_1_2_2 18,801,310Orlando, Florida_cell_1_2_3
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010Orlando, Florida_cell_1_3_0 +28.2%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_3_1 +27.8%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_3_2 +17.6%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_3_3
Population densityOrlando, Florida_cell_1_4_0 2,327.3/sq miOrlando, Florida_cell_1_4_1 1,268.5/sq miOrlando, Florida_cell_1_4_2 350.6/sq miOrlando, Florida_cell_1_4_3
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)Orlando, Florida_cell_1_5_0 57.6%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_5_1 63.6%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_5_2 75.0%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_5_3
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)Orlando, Florida_cell_1_6_0 41.3%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_6_1 46.0%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_6_2 57.9%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_6_3
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)Orlando, Florida_cell_1_7_0 28.4%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_7_1 26.9%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_7_2 22.5%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_7_3
Black or African-AmericanOrlando, Florida_cell_1_8_0 25.1%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_8_1 20.8%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_8_2 16.0%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_8_3
AsianOrlando, Florida_cell_1_9_0 3.8%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_9_1 4.9%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_9_2 2.4%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_9_3
Native American or Native AlaskanOrlando, Florida_cell_1_10_0 0.4%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_10_1 0.4%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_10_2 0.4%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_10_3
Pacific Islander or Native HawaiianOrlando, Florida_cell_1_11_0 0.1%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_11_1 0.1%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_11_2 0.1%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_11_3
Two or more races (Multiracial)Orlando, Florida_cell_1_12_0 3.4%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_12_1 3.4%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_12_2 2.5%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_12_3
Other RaceOrlando, Florida_cell_1_13_0 6.6%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_13_1 6.8%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_13_2 3.6%Orlando, Florida_cell_1_13_3

As of 2010, there were 121,254 households, out of which 15.4% were vacant. Orlando, Florida_sentence_170

As of 2000, 24.5% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.4% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were non-families. Orlando, Florida_sentence_171

35.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Orlando, Florida_sentence_172

The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.97. Orlando, Florida_sentence_173

In 2014, the city's population was spread out, with 12.0% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 36.3% who were 65 years of age or older. Orlando, Florida_sentence_174

The median age was 33 years. Orlando, Florida_sentence_175

For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. Orlando, Florida_sentence_176

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males. Orlando, Florida_sentence_177

Orlando not only has the largest population of Puerto Ricans in Florida, but is also home to the fastest growing Puerto Rican community in the country. Orlando, Florida_sentence_178

Between 1980 and 2010, the Hispanic population increased from 4.1 to 25.4%. Orlando, Florida_sentence_179

Orlando also has a large and growing Caribbean population, with a large West Indian community (particularly Bahamians, Cubans, Dominicans, Jamaicans, Virgin Islanders, Guyanese people, of both Indian and African descent, and Trinidadian and Tobagonian populations) and an established Haitian community. Orlando, Florida_sentence_180

Orlando has an active Jewish community. Orlando, Florida_sentence_181

Orlando has a large LGBT population and is recognized as one of the most accepting and tolerant cities in the Southeast. Orlando, Florida_sentence_182

As of 2015, around 4.1% of Orlando's population identify as LGBT, making Orlando the city with the 20th-highest percentage of LGBT residents in the country. Orlando, Florida_sentence_183

The city is host to Gay Days every June (including at nearby Walt Disney World), holds a huge Pride festival every October, and is home to Florida's first openly gay City Commissioner, Patty Sheehan. Orlando, Florida_sentence_184

Languages Orlando, Florida_section_16

As of 2000, 75% of all residents speak English as their first language, while 16.60% speak Spanish, 1.9% speak Haitian Creole, 1.3% speak French, 0.99% speak Portuguese, and 0.5% of the population speak Arabic as their mother language. Orlando, Florida_sentence_185

In total, 24% of the population 5 years and older speak a language other than English at home. Orlando, Florida_sentence_186

According to the American Community Survey of 2006–2008, 69% of Orlando's residents over the age of five spoke only English at home. Orlando, Florida_sentence_187

Spanish-speakers represented 19.2% of Orlando's population. Orlando, Florida_sentence_188

Speakers of other Indo-European languages made up 9% of the city's population. Orlando, Florida_sentence_189

Those who spoke an Asian language made up 1% of the population, and speakers of other languages made up the remaining 0.6% of the populace. Orlando, Florida_sentence_190

Metropolitan statistical area Orlando, Florida_section_17

Main article: Greater Orlando Orlando, Florida_sentence_191

Orlando is the hub city of the Orlando-Kissimmee, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area, colloquially known as "Greater Orlando" or "Metro Orlando". Orlando, Florida_sentence_192

The area encompasses four counties (Orange, Osceola, Seminole and Lake), and is the 26th-largest metro area in the United States with a 2010 Census-estimated population of 2,134,411. Orlando, Florida_sentence_193

In 2000, the population of Orlando's urban area was 1,157,431, making it the third-largest in Florida and the 35th-largest in the United States. Orlando, Florida_sentence_194

As of 2009, the estimated urban area population of Orlando is 1,377,342. Orlando, Florida_sentence_195

When Combined Statistical Areas were instituted in 2000, Orlando was initially joined together with The Villages, Florida, Micropolitan Statistical Area, to form the Orlando-The Villages, Florida, Combined Statistical Area. Orlando, Florida_sentence_196

In 2006, the metropolitan areas of Deltona (Volusia County) and Palm Coast (Flagler County) were added to create the Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, Florida, Combined Statistical Area. Orlando, Florida_sentence_197

This new larger CSA has a total population (as of 2007) of 2,693,552, and includes three of the 25 fastest-growing counties in the nation—Flagler ranks 1st; Osceola, 17th; and Lake, 23rd. Orlando, Florida_sentence_198

Economy Orlando, Florida_section_18

See also: List of Florida companies and List of Orlando companies Orlando, Florida_sentence_199

Industry Orlando, Florida_section_19

Orlando is a major industrial and hi-tech center. Orlando, Florida_sentence_200

The metro area has a $13.4 billion technology industry employing 53,000 people; and is a nationally recognized cluster of innovation in digital media, agricultural technology, aviation, aerospace, and software design. Orlando, Florida_sentence_201

More than 150 international companies, representing approximately 20 countries, have facilities in Metro Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_202

Orlando has the 7th-largest research park in the country, Central Florida Research Park, with over 1,025 acres (4.15 km). Orlando, Florida_sentence_203

It is home to over 120 companies, employs more than 8,500 people, and is the hub of the nation's military simulation and training programs. Orlando, Florida_sentence_204

Near the end of each year, the Orange County Convention Center hosts the world's largest modeling and simulation conference: Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference (I/ITSEC). Orlando, Florida_sentence_205

Metro Orlando is home to the simulation procurement commands for the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard. Orlando, Florida_sentence_206

Lockheed Martin has a large manufacturing facility for missile systems, aeronautical craft and related high tech research. Orlando, Florida_sentence_207

Other notable engineering firms have offices or labs in Metro Orlando: KDF, General Dynamics, Harris, Mitsubishi Power Systems, Siemens, Veritas/Symantec, multiple USAF facilities, Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD), Delta Connection Academy, Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, GE, Air Force Agency for Modeling and Simulation (AFAMS), U.S. Army Program Executive Office for Simulation, Training, and Instrumentation (PEO STRI), United States Army Research, Development and Engineering Command, United States Army Simulation and Training Technology Center (STTC), AT&T, Boeing, CAE Systems Flight and Simulation Training, Hewlett-Packard, Institute for Simulation and Training, National Center for Simulation, Northrop Grumman, and Raytheon Systems. Orlando, Florida_sentence_208

The Naval Training Center until a few years ago was one of the two places where nuclear engineers were trained for the US Navy. Orlando, Florida_sentence_209

Now the land has been converted into the Baldwin Park development. Orlando, Florida_sentence_210

Numerous office complexes for large corporations have popped up along the Interstate 4 corridor north of Orlando, especially in Maitland, Lake Mary and Heathrow. Orlando, Florida_sentence_211

Orlando is close enough to Patrick Space Force Base, Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, and Kennedy Space Center for residents to commute to work from the city's suburbs. Orlando, Florida_sentence_212

It also allows easy access to Port Canaveral, a cruise ship terminal. Orlando, Florida_sentence_213

Orlando is the home base of Darden Restaurants, the parent company of Olive Garden and LongHorn Steakhouse, and the largest operator of restaurants in the world by revenue. Orlando, Florida_sentence_214

In September 2009 it moved to a new headquarters and central distribution facility. Orlando, Florida_sentence_215

Former Darden Restaurants subsidiary Red Lobster is based in Downtown Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_216

Film, television, and entertainment Orlando, Florida_section_20

Another important sector is the film, television, and electronic gaming industries, aided by the presence of Universal Studios, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Full Sail University, UCF College of Arts and Humanities, the Florida Interactive Entertainment Academy, and other entertainment companies and schools. Orlando, Florida_sentence_217

The U.S. modeling, simulation, and training (MS&T) industry is centered on the Orlando region as well, with a particularly strong presence in the Central Florida Research Park adjacent to University of Central Florida (UCF). Orlando, Florida_sentence_218

Nearby Maitland is the home of Tiburon, a division of the video game company Electronic Arts. Orlando, Florida_sentence_219

Tiburon Entertainment was acquired by EA in 1998 after years of partnership, particularly in the Madden NFL series and NCAA Football series of video games. Orlando, Florida_sentence_220

Nearby Full Sail University, located in Winter Park, draws new-media students in the areas of video game design, film, show production, and computer animation, among others, its graduates spawning several start-ups in these fields in the Orlando area. Orlando, Florida_sentence_221

The headquarters of Ripley Entertainment Inc. are also located in Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_222

Healthcare Orlando, Florida_section_21

Orlando has two non-profit hospital systems: Orlando Health and AdventHealth. Orlando, Florida_sentence_223

Orlando Health's Orlando Regional Medical Center is home to Central Florida's only Level I trauma center, and Winnie Palmer Hospital for Women and Babies and AdventHealth Orlando have the area's only Level III neonatal intensive care units. Orlando, Florida_sentence_224

Orlando's medical leadership was further advanced with the completion of University of Central Florida's College of Medicine, a new VA Hospital and the new Nemours Children's Hospital, which is located in a new medical district in the Lake Nona area of the city. Orlando, Florida_sentence_225

Housing and employment Orlando, Florida_section_22

Historically, the unemployment rate in Greater Orlando was low, which resulted in growth that led to urban sprawl in the surrounding area and, in combination with the United States housing bubble, to a large increase in home prices. Orlando, Florida_sentence_226

Metro Orlando's unemployment rate in June 2010 was 11.1 percent, was 11.4 percent in April 2010, and was about 10 percent in about the same time of year in 2009. Orlando, Florida_sentence_227

As of August 2013, the area's jobless rate was 6.6 percent. Orlando, Florida_sentence_228

Housing prices in Greater Orlando went up 37.08% in one year, from a median of $182,300 in November 2004 to $249,900 in November 2005, and eventually peaked at $264,436 in July 2007. Orlando, Florida_sentence_229

From there, with the economic meltdown, prices plummeted, with the median falling below $200,000 in September 2008, at one point falling at an annual rate of 39.27%. Orlando, Florida_sentence_230

The median dipped below $100,000 in 2010 before stabilizing around $110,000 in 2011. Orlando, Florida_sentence_231

As of April 2012, the median home price is $116,000. Orlando, Florida_sentence_232

Tourism Orlando, Florida_section_23

See also: List of amusement parks in Greater Orlando and List of Orlando, Florida attractions Orlando, Florida_sentence_233

One of the main driving forces in Orlando's economy is its tourism industry and the city is one of the leading tourism destinations in the world. Orlando, Florida_sentence_234

Nicknamed the 'Theme Park Capital of the World', the Orlando area is home to Walt Disney World, Universal Orlando, SeaWorld Orlando, Legoland, and Fun Spot America Theme Parks. Orlando, Florida_sentence_235

A record 75 million visitors came to the Orlando region in 2018, making it the top tourist destination in the United States. Orlando, Florida_sentence_236

The Orlando area features 7 of the 10 most visited theme parks in North America (5 of the top 10 in the world), as well as the 4 most visited water parks in the U.S. Orlando, Florida_sentence_237

The Walt Disney World resort is the area's largest attraction with its many facets such as the Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Disney's Animal Kingdom, Typhoon Lagoon, Blizzard Beach, and Disney Springs. Orlando, Florida_sentence_238

Universal Orlando, like Walt Disney World, is a multi-faceted resort comprising Universal Studios Florida, Islands of Adventure, Volcano Bay, and Universal CityWalk. Orlando, Florida_sentence_239

SeaWorld Orlando is a large park that features numerous zoological displays and marine animals alongside an amusement park with roller coasters like Mako, Manta, and Kraken. Orlando, Florida_sentence_240

The property also comprises more than one park, alongside Aquatica water park and Discovery Cove. Orlando, Florida_sentence_241

Fun Spot Orlando and Kissimmee are more typical amusement parks with big thrills in a small space with roller coasters like White Lightning and Freedom Flyer in Orlando and Mine Blower and Rockstar Coaster in Kissimmee. Orlando, Florida_sentence_242

Orlando is also home to I-Drive 360 on International Drive home to The Wheel at ICON Park Orlando, Madame Tussauds, and Sealife Aquarium. Orlando, Florida_sentence_243

Orlando attractions also appeal to many locals who want to enjoy themselves close to home. Orlando, Florida_sentence_244

The convention industry is also critical to the region's economy. Orlando, Florida_sentence_245

The Orange County Convention Center, expanded in 2004 to over two million square feet (200,000 m) of exhibition space, is now the second-largest convention complex in terms of space in the United States, trailing only McCormick Place in Chicago. Orlando, Florida_sentence_246

The city vies with Chicago and Las Vegas for hosting the most convention attendees in the United States. Orlando, Florida_sentence_247

Golf Orlando, Florida_section_24

Numerous golf courses can be found in the city, with the most famous being Bay Hill Club and Lodge, home to the Arnold Palmer Invitational. Orlando, Florida_sentence_248

Culture Orlando, Florida_section_25

Entertainment and performing arts Orlando, Florida_section_26

The hip hop music, metal, rock music, reggaeton and Latino music scenes are all active within the city. Orlando, Florida_sentence_249

Orlando is known as "Hollywood East" because of numerous movie studios in the area. Orlando, Florida_sentence_250

Major motion picture production was active in the city during the mid-to-late 1990s, but has slowed in the past decade. Orlando, Florida_sentence_251

Probably the most famous film-making moment in the city's history occurred with the implosion of Orlando's previous City Hall for the movie Lethal Weapon 3. Orlando, Florida_sentence_252

Orlando is now a large production center for television shows, direct-to-video productions, and commercial production. Orlando, Florida_sentence_253

In early 2011, filmmaker Marlon Campbell constructed A-Match Pictures and Angel Media Studios; a multimillion-dollar film and recording facility that has been added to the list of major studios in the city. Orlando, Florida_sentence_254

Until recently, Walt Disney Feature Animation operated a studio in Disney's Hollywood Studios at the Walt Disney World Resort. Orlando, Florida_sentence_255

Feature Animation-Florida was primarily responsible for the films Mulan, Lilo & Stitch, and the early stages of Brother Bear and contributed on various other projects. Orlando, Florida_sentence_256

Universal Studios Florida's Soundstage 21 is home to TNA Wrestling's flagship show TNA Impact!. Orlando, Florida_sentence_257

Nickelodeon Studios, which through the 1990s produced hundreds of hours of GAK-filled game shows targeted at children, no longer operates out of Universal Studios Florida. Orlando, Florida_sentence_258

The Florida Film Festival which takes place in venues throughout the area is one of the most respected regional film festivals in the country and attracts budding filmmakers from around the world. Orlando, Florida_sentence_259

Orlando is very popular among independent filmmakers. Orlando, Florida_sentence_260

Orlando's indie film scene has been active since Haxan Film's The Blair Witch Project (1999) and a few years later with Charlize Theron winning her Academy Award for Monster (2003). Orlando, Florida_sentence_261

A Florida state film incentive has also helped increase the number of films being produced in Orlando and the rest of the state. Orlando, Florida_sentence_262

The Orlando Metropolitan Area is home to a substantial theater population. Orlando, Florida_sentence_263

Several professional and semi-professional houses and many community theaters include the Central Florida Ballet, Orlando Ballet, Orlando Shakespeare Theater, Orlando Repertory Theatre, Mad Cow Theatre, and IceHouse Theatre in Mount Dora. Orlando, Florida_sentence_264

Orlando Theatre Project, closed in 2009. Orlando, Florida_sentence_265

Additionally, both University of Central Florida and Rollins College (Winter Park) are home to theater departments that attract an influx of young artists to the area. Orlando, Florida_sentence_266

The Bob Carr Performing Arts Centre had hosted national Broadway tours on a regular basis. Orlando, Florida_sentence_267

This venue was built in 1926 and underwent a major renovation in 1974. Orlando, Florida_sentence_268

While waiting on the completion of Phase II construction of the Dr. Orlando, Florida_sentence_269 Phillips Center for Performing Arts, the newly designated Bob Carr Theater will continue to host non-Broadway events. Orlando, Florida_sentence_270

The Orlando International Fringe Theater Festival, which draws touring companies from around the world, is hosted in various venues over Orlando's Loch Haven Park every spring. Orlando, Florida_sentence_271

At the festival, there are also readings and fully staged productions of new and unknown plays by local artists. Orlando, Florida_sentence_272

Also in the spring, there is The Harriett Lake Festival of New Plays, hosted by Orlando Shakespeare Theater. Orlando, Florida_sentence_273

Founded in 2002, the Orlando Cabaret Festival showcases local, national, and internationally renowned cabaret artist to Mad Cow Theatre in Downtown Orlando each spring. Orlando, Florida_sentence_274

Classical Music and Music Theater are also represented. Orlando, Florida_sentence_275

Orlando has two professional orchestras - the Orlando Symphony Orchestra, which was founded in 1991 when the Central Florida Friends of Music reorganized, and the Orlando Philharmonic Orchestra, founded in 1993, the second of which also serves as the orchestra for productions of Opera Orlando, which developed when the Florida Opera Theater, founded in 2009, reorganized in 2016. Orlando, Florida_sentence_276

Local culture Orlando, Florida_section_27

A substantial amount of the teenage and young adult populations identify as being goth, emo, or punk. Orlando, Florida_sentence_277

Orlando experienced its own Second Summer of Love between 1991 and 1992 that popularized the subculture surrounding electronic dance music in Florida. Orlando, Florida_sentence_278

The culture progressed as time went on, starting in 1995 from when alternative-rock band Matchbox Twenty, and pop bands NSync and Backstreet Boys originated. Orlando, Florida_sentence_279

Over the years, the intensity of the music increased. Orlando, Florida_sentence_280

In the late 1990s, Skrape, a metal band, was established, shortly followed by the screamo band From First to Last as well as the alternative metal band Fireflight. Orlando, Florida_sentence_281

In the early 2000s, the heavy metal bands Trivium and Mindscar formed. Orlando, Florida_sentence_282

In the later 2000s, more screamo bands, such as Blood on the Dance Floor, Sleeping with Sirens, and Broadway were established. Orlando, Florida_sentence_283

Major companies, such as Hot Topic and Vans have noticed and taken advantage of this. Orlando, Florida_sentence_284

Hot Topic, an emo retailer, established 5 stores in Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_285

The Vans Warped Tour, a concert containing metalcore/screamo/punk bands, takes place in Orlando annually. Orlando, Florida_sentence_286

Shopping malls Orlando, Florida_section_28

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_3

  • The Florida Mall is the largest mall in Orlando and one of the largest single-story malls in the USA at over 1.849 million square feet (171,800 m). There are over 250 stores, seven anchor department stores, and the Florida Mall Hotel & Conference Center Tower. It is located outside the city proper in unincorporated Orange County.Orlando, Florida_item_3_18
  • The Mall at Millenia is a contemporary two-level upscale shopping mall, including the department stores of Bloomingdale's, Macy's, and Neiman Marcus. The mall covers an area of 1.118 million ft (103,866 m). IKEA Orlando opened adjacent to the mall on November 14, 2007.Orlando, Florida_item_3_19
  • Orlando Fashion Square is located on East Colonial Drive, near Downtown Orlando. Seritage Growth Properties (NYSE: SRG) is planning a late-summer 2017 completion of a major renovation that will welcome new shops and restaurants to the East Colonial Drive area. In 2017, Sears closed their location at Orlando Fashion Square Mall.Orlando, Florida_item_3_20
  • Orlando International Premium Outlets is an outdoor outlet mall with over 180 stores, including anchor stores like Neiman Marcus and Victoria's Secret.Orlando, Florida_item_3_21
  • is an outdoor outlet mall with over 160 stores in the south of Orlando in proximity to Disney World.Orlando, Florida_item_3_22

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_4

  • is a strip mall style open-air outlet center, that is located 2 miles from Walt Disney World near US-192.Orlando, Florida_item_4_23

In popular culture Orlando, Florida_section_29

The films Ernest Saves Christmas, Larry the Cable Guy: Health Inspector, Never Back Down, and The Florida Project take place in and were filmed entirely in Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_287

The novel Paper Towns takes place in the city, but the film adaptation was shot in North Carolina. Orlando, Florida_sentence_288

Establishing shots were filmed around Orlando; notably in downtown and along Orange Blossom Trail. Orlando, Florida_sentence_289

Geostorm has a scene where Orlando is destroyed by a lightning storm. Orlando, Florida_sentence_290

However, those scenes were filmed in New Orleans. Orlando, Florida_sentence_291

Parenthood was filmed entirely in Orlando, but takes place in St. Louis. Orlando, Florida_sentence_292

D.A.R.Y.L. Orlando, Florida_sentence_293

was partially filmed in Orlando; notably the climactic chase scene takes place in downtown Orlando along State Road 408 (East/West Expressway). Orlando, Florida_sentence_294

Scenes were also filmed for Transformers: Dark of the Moon at the Orlando International Airport in early October 2010. Orlando, Florida_sentence_295

Orlando is also the city very prominently featured in the ABC sitcom Fresh Off the Boat. Orlando, Florida_sentence_296

Though set in Louisiana, filming for Passenger 57 took place in Wesley Snipes' hometown of Orlando, Florida, with Orlando-Sanford International Airport standing in for "Lake Lucille" airport. Orlando, Florida_sentence_297

The airport's former combination main hangar and control tower from its time as Naval Air Station Sanford was used for many key scenes just prior to its demolition after filming. Orlando, Florida_sentence_298

Various scenes from Monster, set in Daytona Beach, were also filmed in the Orlando, Winter Park, Florida and Kissimmee areas. Orlando, Florida_sentence_299

Orlando is home to numerous recording studios and producers, and as a result, contributed heavily to the boyband craze of the mid-1990s. Orlando, Florida_sentence_300

The groups Backstreet Boys, NSync, and O-Town all started in Orlando before becoming nationwide successes. Orlando, Florida_sentence_301

The alternative groups Matchbox Twenty, Seven Mary Three, and Alter Bridge are from Orlando, as is the Christian hip-hop act Group 1 Crew. Orlando, Florida_sentence_302

Orlando also has a prominent metal scene, spawning bands such as Death and Trivium. Orlando, Florida_sentence_303

Sports Orlando, Florida_section_30

Main article: Sports in Orlando, Florida Orlando, Florida_sentence_304

Orlando, Florida_table_general_2

Professional sports teamsOrlando, Florida_table_caption_2
ClubOrlando, Florida_header_cell_2_0_0 SportOrlando, Florida_header_cell_2_0_1 LeagueOrlando, Florida_header_cell_2_0_2 VenueOrlando, Florida_header_cell_2_0_3 Average attendanceOrlando, Florida_header_cell_2_0_4 FoundedOrlando, Florida_header_cell_2_0_5 TitlesOrlando, Florida_header_cell_2_0_6
Orlando AnarchyOrlando, Florida_cell_2_1_0 FootballOrlando, Florida_cell_2_1_1 WFAOrlando, Florida_cell_2_1_2 Trinity Preparatory SchoolOrlando, Florida_cell_2_1_3 Orlando, Florida_cell_2_1_4 2010Orlando, Florida_cell_2_1_5 1Orlando, Florida_cell_2_1_6
Orlando City SCOrlando, Florida_cell_2_2_0 SoccerOrlando, Florida_cell_2_2_1 MLSOrlando, Florida_cell_2_2_2 Orlando City StadiumOrlando, Florida_cell_2_2_3 32,847Orlando, Florida_cell_2_2_4 2015Orlando, Florida_cell_2_2_5 0Orlando, Florida_cell_2_2_6
Orlando MagicOrlando, Florida_cell_2_3_0 BasketballOrlando, Florida_cell_2_3_1 NBAOrlando, Florida_cell_2_3_2 Amway CenterOrlando, Florida_cell_2_3_3 16,785Orlando, Florida_cell_2_3_4 1989Orlando, Florida_cell_2_3_5 0Orlando, Florida_cell_2_3_6
Orlando PredatorsOrlando, Florida_cell_2_4_0 Indoor footballOrlando, Florida_cell_2_4_1 NALOrlando, Florida_cell_2_4_2 Amway CenterOrlando, Florida_cell_2_4_3 Orlando, Florida_cell_2_4_4 2019Orlando, Florida_cell_2_4_5 0Orlando, Florida_cell_2_4_6
Orlando PrideOrlando, Florida_cell_2_5_0 SoccerOrlando, Florida_cell_2_5_1 NWSLOrlando, Florida_cell_2_5_2 Orlando City StadiumOrlando, Florida_cell_2_5_3 4,837Orlando, Florida_cell_2_5_4 2016Orlando, Florida_cell_2_5_5 0Orlando, Florida_cell_2_5_6
Orlando SeaWolvesOrlando, Florida_cell_2_6_0 Indoor soccerOrlando, Florida_cell_2_6_1 MASLOrlando, Florida_cell_2_6_2 Silver Spurs ArenaOrlando, Florida_cell_2_6_3 8,000Orlando, Florida_cell_2_6_4 2018Orlando, Florida_cell_2_6_5 0Orlando, Florida_cell_2_6_6
Orlando Solar BearsOrlando, Florida_cell_2_7_0 Ice hockeyOrlando, Florida_cell_2_7_1 ECHLOrlando, Florida_cell_2_7_2 Amway CenterOrlando, Florida_cell_2_7_3 6,209Orlando, Florida_cell_2_7_4 2012Orlando, Florida_cell_2_7_5 0Orlando, Florida_cell_2_7_6

Orlando is the home city of two major league professional sports teams: the Orlando Magic of the National Basketball Association (NBA), and Orlando City SC of Major League Soccer (MLS). Orlando, Florida_sentence_305

Orlando has four minor league professional teams: the Florida Fire Frogs of the Florida State League, the Orlando Solar Bears ECHL ice hockey team, the Orlando Predators of the National Arena League (NAL), and the Orlando Anarchy of the Women's Football Alliance. Orlando, Florida_sentence_306

The original Orlando Solar Bears were part of the International Hockey League winning the last Turner Cup championship in 2001, before the league folded. Orlando, Florida_sentence_307

From 1991 to 2016, the city was also home to the Orlando Predators of the Arena Football League. Orlando, Florida_sentence_308

Orlando was home to the Orlando Renegades of the United States Football League in 1985. Orlando, Florida_sentence_309

The team folded along with the league in 1986. Orlando, Florida_sentence_310

In 2016, the Orlando Pride began to play in the National Women's Soccer League. Orlando, Florida_sentence_311

Starting in 2017, they will be sharing Orlando City Stadium with Orlando City. Orlando, Florida_sentence_312

Orlando's sports teams have collectively won two Arena Bowls (1998, 2000), two titles in ice hockey, three titles in minor league baseball, and two titles in soccer. Orlando, Florida_sentence_313

The city has hosted the NBA All-Star Game twice: in 1992 at the old Orlando Arena, and in 2012 at the current Amway Center. Orlando, Florida_sentence_314

Orlando also hosted the 2015 ECHL All-Star Game at Amway Center. Orlando, Florida_sentence_315

Orlando also hosts the University of Central Florida (UCF) Knights college athletics teams, which compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) as a member of the American Athletic Conference (The American). Orlando, Florida_sentence_316

Camping World Stadium (the former Citrus Bowl stadium) hosts three annual college football bowl games: the Citrus Bowl, the Russell Athletic Bowl, and the Cure Bowl. Orlando, Florida_sentence_317

It also hosted the 1998 Major League Soccer All-Star Game. Orlando, Florida_sentence_318

Orlando is the host city for the annual Florida Classic, one of the largest FCS football classics in the nation. Orlando, Florida_sentence_319

It also began hosting the National Football League's Pro Bowl, as well as a series of FBS kickoff games called the Orlando Kickoff, in 2016. Orlando, Florida_sentence_320

Orlando is home to many notable athletes former and present, including baseball players Carlos Peña, Frank Viola, Ken Griffey, Jr. and Barry Larkin; basketball players Shaquille O'Neal and Tracy Mcgrady; soccer players Alex Morgan, Marta, Nani and Kaká; and many golfers, including Tiger Woods, Mark O'Meara and Arnold Palmer. Orlando, Florida_sentence_321

The annual Community Effort Orlando (CEO) is the second-biggest fighting game tournament of the country. Orlando, Florida_sentence_322

Having grown since its introduction in 2010, the event got over 4,000 attendees from more than 25 different countries in 2016. Orlando, Florida_sentence_323

In 2020, the remaining games of the 2019-20 NBA season were arranged to be played in the NBA Bubble at the ESPN Wide World of Sports Complex in Orlando suburb Bay Lake, Florida. Orlando, Florida_sentence_324

Government Orlando, Florida_section_31

Orlando, Florida_table_infobox_3

OrlandoOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_0_0
Violent crimesOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_1_0
HomicideOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_2_0 15Orlando, Florida_cell_3_2_1
RapeOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_3_0 167Orlando, Florida_cell_3_3_1
RobberyOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_4_0 620Orlando, Florida_cell_3_4_1
Aggravated assaultOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_5_0 1,538Orlando, Florida_cell_3_5_1
Total violent crimeOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_6_0 2,340Orlando, Florida_cell_3_6_1
Property crimesOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_7_0
BurglaryOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_8_0 3,342Orlando, Florida_cell_3_8_1
Larceny-theftOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_9_0 12,182Orlando, Florida_cell_3_9_1
Motor vehicle theftOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_10_0 991Orlando, Florida_cell_3_10_1
ArsonOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_11_0 55Orlando, Florida_cell_3_11_1
Total property crimeOrlando, Florida_header_cell_3_12_0 16,515Orlando, Florida_cell_3_12_1

Municipal government Orlando, Florida_section_32

Orlando is governed via the mayor-council system the mayor is a strong-mayor. Orlando, Florida_sentence_325

The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. Orlando, Florida_sentence_326

The six members of the city council are each elected from districts. Orlando, Florida_sentence_327

Main article: List of mayors of Orlando, Florida Orlando, Florida_sentence_328

Mayor: Buddy Dyer (D) Orlando, Florida_sentence_329

City Council: Orlando, Florida_sentence_330

Orlando, Florida_table_general_4

DistrictOrlando, Florida_header_cell_4_0_0 NameOrlando, Florida_header_cell_4_0_1 Party (officially nonpartisan)Orlando, Florida_header_cell_4_0_2
1Orlando, Florida_cell_4_1_0 Jim GrayOrlando, Florida_cell_4_1_1 RepublicanOrlando, Florida_cell_4_1_2
2Orlando, Florida_cell_4_2_0 Tony OrtizOrlando, Florida_cell_4_2_1 RepublicanOrlando, Florida_cell_4_2_2
3Orlando, Florida_cell_4_3_0 Robert StuartOrlando, Florida_cell_4_3_1 DemocraticOrlando, Florida_cell_4_3_2
4Orlando, Florida_cell_4_4_0 Patty SheehanOrlando, Florida_cell_4_4_1 DemocraticOrlando, Florida_cell_4_4_2
5Orlando, Florida_cell_4_5_0 Regina HillOrlando, Florida_cell_4_5_1 DemocraticOrlando, Florida_cell_4_5_2
6Orlando, Florida_cell_4_6_0 Bakari F. BurnsOrlando, Florida_cell_4_6_1 DemocraticOrlando, Florida_cell_4_6_2

Police brutality lawsuit settlements Orlando, Florida_section_33

In April 2015 it was reported that 56 year old June Walker Scott had filed a $4.5 million federal lawsuit against the City of Orlando and certain officers. Orlando, Florida_sentence_331

According to the suit, the city has paid $3.3 million since 2012 to people who have accused officers of excessive force. Orlando, Florida_sentence_332

Education Orlando, Florida_section_34

Public primary and secondary education is handled by Orange County Public Schools. Orlando, Florida_sentence_333

Some of the private schools include Saint James Cathedral School (founded 1928), Orlando Lutheran Academy, Forest Lake Academy, The First Academy, Ibn Seena Academy, Trinity Preparatory School, Lake Highland Preparatory School, Bishop Moore High School and Orlando Christian Prep. Orlando, Florida_sentence_334

Area institutions of higher education Orlando, Florida_section_35

State universities Orlando, Florida_section_36

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_5

State colleges Orlando, Florida_section_37

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_6

Private universities, colleges, and others Orlando, Florida_section_38

Media Orlando, Florida_section_39

See also: List of newspapers in Florida, List of radio stations in Florida, and List of television stations in Florida Orlando, Florida_sentence_335

Television Orlando, Florida_section_40

Orlando is the center of the 19th-largest media market in the United States according to Nielsen Media Research as of the 2010–11 TV season. Orlando, Florida_sentence_336

Three major network affiliates operate in the city: WKMG-TV 6 (CBS), WFTV 9 (ABC) and Fox O&O WOFL 35. Orlando, Florida_sentence_337

WFTV and WOFL operate additional stations in Orlando, with WFTV operating independent station WRDQ 27 and WOFL operating MyNetworkTV O&O WRBW 65. Orlando, Florida_sentence_338

The market's NBC affiliate, WESH 2, is licensed to Daytona Beach and also owns and operates CW affiliate WKCF 18, licensed to Clermont; both stations operate out of studios based in nearby Eatonville. Orlando, Florida_sentence_339

The city is also served by three public television stations: WUCF-TV 24, the market's PBS member station operated by the University of Central Florida, and two independent stations: Daytona State College's WDSC-TV 15 in New Smyrna Beach and Eastern Florida State College's WEFS 68 in Cocoa. Orlando, Florida_sentence_340

Four Spanish-language channels are licensed in Orlando, including UniMás O&O WOTF-DT 43 and Telemundo affiliate WTMO-CD 31. Orlando, Florida_sentence_341

Univision affiliate WVEN-TV 26, which operates WOTF-DT under a LMA, is based in Daytona Beach. Orlando, Florida_sentence_342

Several English-language stations also operate Spanish-language subchannels. Orlando, Florida_sentence_343

The city's cable system is run by Bright House Networks, which merged with Charter in May 2016, and is now called Spectrum. Orlando, Florida_sentence_344

Spectrum operates News 13, a cable-exclusive regional 24/7 news channel which covers Central Florida news, including that of Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_345

Orlando is also home to NBC Sports' Golf Channel cable television network. Orlando, Florida_sentence_346

Facilities, including studios and administration, are located at 7580 Golf Channel Drive, just blocks from the I-Drive tourism corridor. Orlando, Florida_sentence_347

Radio Orlando, Florida_section_41

25 AM and 28 FM stations transmit to the Orlando area. Orlando, Florida_sentence_348

Some of the country's biggest radio station owners have major presences in Orlando, including iHeartMedia, Cox Communications, and CBS Radio. Orlando, Florida_sentence_349

Newspapers Orlando, Florida_section_42

Orlando's primary newspaper, the Orlando Sentinel, is the second-largest newspaper in Florida by circulation. Orlando, Florida_sentence_350

The Sentinel's Spanish language edition, El Sentinel, is the largest Spanish language newspaper in Florida. Orlando, Florida_sentence_351

The city is also served by the following newspapers: Orlando, Florida_sentence_352

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_7

Transport Orlando, Florida_section_43

Orlando uses the Lynx bus system as well as a downtown bus service called Lymmo. Orlando, Florida_sentence_353

Orlando and other neighboring communities are also serviced by SunRail, a local commuter rail line that began service in 2014. Orlando, Florida_sentence_354

Airports Orlando, Florida_section_44

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_8

Roads Orlando, Florida_section_45

Orlando, like other major cities, experiences gridlock and traffic jams daily, especially when commuting from the northern suburbs in Seminole County south to downtown and from the eastern suburbs of Orange County to Downtown. Orlando, Florida_sentence_355

Heavy traffic is also common in the tourist district south of downtown. Orlando, Florida_sentence_356

Rush hours (peak traffic hours) are usually weekday mornings (after 7 am) and afternoons (after 4 pm). Orlando, Florida_sentence_357

There are various traffic advisory resources available for commuters including downloading the Tele-Traffic App (available for iPhone and Android), dialing 5-1-1 (a free automated traffic advisory system provided by the Florida Department of Transportation, available by dialing 511), visiting the Florida 511 Web site, listening to traffic reports on major radio stations, and reading electronic traffic advisory displays (also called Variable-message signs, information is also provided by FDOT) on the major highways and roadways. Orlando, Florida_sentence_358

Major highways Orlando, Florida_section_46

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_9

  • Interstate 4 is Orlando's primary interstate highway. Orlando is the second-largest city served by only one interstate, surpassed only by Austin, Texas, and is the largest metropolitan area in the US serviced by a single interstate. The interstate begins in Tampa, Florida, and travels northeast across the midsection of the state directly through Orlando, ending in Daytona Beach. As a key connector to Orlando's suburbs, downtown, area attractions, and both coasts, I-4 commonly experiences heavy traffic and congestion. I-4 is also known as State Road 400.Orlando, Florida_item_9_34
  • East-West Expressway (Toll 408) is a major east–west highway managed by the Central Florida Expressway Authority. The highway intersects with I-4 in Downtown Orlando, providing a key artery for residents commuting from eastern and western suburbs including the University of Central Florida and Waterford Lakes area. The highway also intersects with the Central Florida Greeneway (Toll 417) and Florida's Turnpike. By late 2006, the I-4/408 interchange had almost completed undergoing a major overhaul that creates multiple fly-over bridges and connectors to ease heavy traffic. The agency recently finished construction of lane expansions, new toll plazas, and sound barriers along the roadway, though much work remains to be done.Orlando, Florida_item_9_35
  • Beachline Expressway (Toll 528) provides key access to the Orlando International Airport and serves as a gateway to the Atlantic coast, specifically Cocoa Beach and Cape Canaveral.Orlando, Florida_item_9_36
  • Central Florida Greeneway (Toll 417) is a key highway for East Orlando, the highway is also managed by the Central Florida Expressway Authority and serves as Orlando's eastern beltway. The highway intersects with the East-West Expressway (Toll 408), the Beachline Expressway (Toll 528), and begins and ends on Interstate 4.Orlando, Florida_item_9_37
  • Daniel Webster Western Beltway (Toll 429) serves as Orlando's western beltway. It is managed jointly by the Florida Turnpike and the Central Florida Expressway Authority. The highway serves as a "back entrance" to Walt Disney World from Orlando's northwestern suburbs including Apopka via Florida's Turnpike.Orlando, Florida_item_9_38
  • John Land Apopka Expressway (Toll 414) A new east to west tollway serving northern Orlando. Phase I opened on February 14, 2009 and extends from US 441 to State Road 429. Phase II will link SR 429 to US 441 several miles west of the current SR 429 intersection.Orlando, Florida_item_9_39
  • Florida's Turnpike (Toll 91) is a major highway that connects northern Florida with Orlando and terminates in Miami.Orlando, Florida_item_9_40

Rail Orlando, Florida_section_47

The Orlando area is served by one through railroad. Orlando, Florida_sentence_359

The line, now known as the Central Florida Rail Corridor (CFRC), was previously known as the "A" line (formerly the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad's main line). Orlando, Florida_sentence_360

The line was purchased from CSX Transportation by the State of Florida in 2013 and is now used by SunRail, the Central Florida commuter rail system. Orlando, Florida_sentence_361

Some freight spurs still exist off of the line, which are operated by the Florida Central Railroad. Orlando, Florida_sentence_362

Amtrak passenger service runs along CFRC. Orlando, Florida_sentence_363

See also . Orlando, Florida_sentence_364

Amtrak intercity passenger rail service operates from the Orlando Amtrak Station south of downtown. Orlando, Florida_sentence_365

The Mission Revival-style station has been in continuous use since 1927, first for the Atlantic Coast Line, then the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad (signage for which is still displayed over the station's main entrance). Orlando, Florida_sentence_366

Amtrak's Silver Meteor and Silver Star service Orlando four times daily, twice bound for points north to New York City and twice bound for points south to Miami. Orlando, Florida_sentence_367

Orlando also serves as a transfer hub for Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach bus service. Orlando, Florida_sentence_368

Orlando Station has the highest Amtrak ridership in the state, with the exception of the Auto Train depot located in nearby Sanford. Orlando, Florida_sentence_369

Historically, Orlando's other major railroad stations have included: Orlando, Florida_sentence_370

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_10

Commuter rail Orlando, Florida_section_48

Main article: SunRail Orlando, Florida_sentence_371

In 2005, federal and state funding was granted for the establishment of SunRail, a local commuter rail service, to operate on the former CSX "A" line tracks between DeLand and Poinciana, passing through the downtown area and surrounding urban neighborhoods along the way. Orlando, Florida_sentence_372

The service is expected to substantially reduce traffic congestion along the I-4 corridor, especially between Downtown Orlando and the suburban communities in Seminole and Volusia Counties. Orlando, Florida_sentence_373

Federal and state funds covered approximately 80% of the estimated $400 million cost for track modifications and construction of stations along the route. Orlando, Florida_sentence_374

The counties involved approved local matching funds in 2007 and the line was originally projected to begin operations in 2011. Orlando, Florida_sentence_375

However, the project was ultimately voted down by Florida State Senate in 2008 and again in 2009 due to an amendment that would have approved a $200 million insurance policy for the system. Orlando, Florida_sentence_376

Although there had been growing concern the system would be scrapped, a deadline extension combined with a new insurance arrangement with CSX brought new hope that SunRail will be completed after all. Orlando, Florida_sentence_377

In a special session in December 2009, the Florida Legislature approved commuter rail for Florida, which also enabled high-speed rail federal funding. Orlando, Florida_sentence_378

SunRail began passenger service on May 1, 2014. Orlando, Florida_sentence_379

Phase I of the rail system runs from DeBary to Sand Lake Road in South Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_380

Phase II, which isn't expected to be completed until 2018, will connect from DeBary and continue north to DeLand, as well as extend from Sand Lake Road in Orlando south to Poinciana. Orlando, Florida_sentence_381

Attempts to establish a smaller light rail service for the Orlando area were also considered at one time, but were also met with much resistance. Orlando, Florida_sentence_382

High-speed rail Orlando, Florida_section_49

Main article: Florida High Speed Rail Orlando, Florida_sentence_383

On January 28, 2010, President Barack Obama said that Florida would be receiving $1.25 billion to start the construction of a statewide high-speed rail system with Orlando as its central hub. Orlando, Florida_sentence_384

The first stage would have connected Orlando and Tampa, Florida and was expected to be completed by 2014. Orlando, Florida_sentence_385

The second stage was to connect Orlando and Miami, Florida. Orlando, Florida_sentence_386

The project was canceled by Gov. Orlando, Florida_sentence_387

Rick Scott in 2011, and on March 4, 2011, the Florida Supreme Court unanimously turned down the request of two state senators to force Scott to accept federal funding for the project. Orlando, Florida_sentence_388

A privately funded initiative known as All Aboard Florida, which would provide high-speed rail service from Miami to Orlando, was announced in March 2012. Orlando, Florida_sentence_389

Now known as Brightline, the train currently runs from Fort Lauderdale to West Palm Beach with service to Miami Central expected to start in early May 2018. Orlando, Florida_sentence_390

The Orlando extension will include 40 miles (64 km) of new railway track and terminate at the new Orlando International Airport Intermodal Terminal. Orlando, Florida_sentence_391

Service to Orlando is slated to be launched in 2020. Orlando, Florida_sentence_392

Bus Orlando, Florida_section_50

Lynx provides local transit service covering a five-county area: Orange, Seminole, Osceola, Polk, and Volusia. Orlando, Florida_sentence_393

Greyhound Lines offers intercity bus service from Orlando to multiple locations across the country. Orlando, Florida_sentence_394

The Orlando Greyhound Station is located west of Downtown Orlando. Orlando, Florida_sentence_395

Having a very well developed tourism industry and millions of visitors per year the City of Orlando has multiple options for groups arriving and touring the city and surrounding areas. Orlando, Florida_sentence_396

Between the most respected local charter bus companies in town you find , Mears Transportation and others. Orlando, Florida_sentence_397

Lynx bus is of most use for local residents, but their frequency varies depending on the route and time of day. Orlando, Florida_sentence_398

So a convenient way to get to know the City of Orlando by bus is to hire a charter coach bus. Orlando, Florida_sentence_399

Taxi Orlando, Florida_section_51

Orlando is served by a collection of independently owned taxi companies. Orlando, Florida_sentence_400

In downtown Orlando, taxis can be hailed on a regular basis. Orlando, Florida_sentence_401

Taxis are also available in and around the Amway Center, Orlando Convention Center, and all major attractions/theme parks. Orlando, Florida_sentence_402

Orlando also has service from car sharing companies like Uber and Lyft, which offers service at all airports. Orlando, Florida_sentence_403

Airport shuttles Orlando, Florida_section_52

Transportation between the Orlando International Airport and various locations in and around Orlando are provided by airport shuttle services. Orlando, Florida_sentence_404

Several shuttles operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Orlando, Florida_sentence_405

Notable people Orlando, Florida_section_53

Main article: List of people from Orlando, Florida Orlando, Florida_sentence_406

International relations Orlando, Florida_section_54

See also: List of sister cities in Florida Orlando, Florida_sentence_407

Orlando has nine international sister cities as listed by the City of Orlando Office of International Affairs. Orlando, Florida_sentence_408

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_11

Foreign consulates Orlando, Florida_section_55

Given Orlando's status as a busy international tourist destination and growing industrial and commercial base, there are several foreign consulates and honorary consulates in Orlando including Argentina, Colombia, Czech Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and the Ivory Coast. Orlando, Florida_sentence_409

As a result, Orlando now has the second-highest number of foreign consulates in Florida next to Miami. Orlando, Florida_sentence_410

The British Government operated a Consulate from 1994 to 2014 when all services transferred to the British Consulate General in Miami. Orlando, Florida_sentence_411

See also Orlando, Florida_section_56

Orlando, Florida_unordered_list_12

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orlando, Florida.