For the film, see Orquesta Típica (film).
Orquesta típica, or simply a típica, is a Latin American term for a band which plays popular music.
The details vary from country to country.
The term tends to be used for groups of medium size (about 8 to 12 musicians) in some well-defined instrumental set-up.
Argentina and Uruguay
See also: Tango music
In Argentina and Uruguay, the term orquesta típica is associated with tango music.
An orquesta típica is an expanded version of a sexteto tipico, which includes 2 bandoneons, 2 violins, double bass and piano.
See also: Early Cuban bands
In Cuba, a típica is an ensemble mainly composed of wind instruments, which was very popular in the mid-19th century.
The ophicleide was a sort of bass bugle with keys, invented in 1817, now superseded by the tuba and/or baritone horn, the name surviving for a pipe organ stop; the trombone would be more typically a valved rather than a slide instrument.
In the early 20th century, there were still several popular orquestas típicas, such as those directed by Enrique Peña and Félix González.
In 1915, charangas began to replace orquestas típica, a process which was largely complete by 1925.
Salsa ensembles can also feature trumpets along with piano, double bass, güiro, conga and bongó.
In the salsa context, the term típico usually refers to the sound of the conjuntos of the 1940s, such as Arsenio Rodríguez's, or to those of the original charangas danzoneras (charangas típicas), such as Arcaño y sus Maravillas, since orquestas típicas never reached the United States.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orquesta típica.