Orquesta típica

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For the film, see Orquesta Típica (film). Orquesta típica_sentence_0

Orquesta típica, or simply a típica, is a Latin American term for a band which plays popular music. Orquesta típica_sentence_1

The details vary from country to country. Orquesta típica_sentence_2

The term tends to be used for groups of medium size (about 8 to 12 musicians) in some well-defined instrumental set-up. Orquesta típica_sentence_3

Argentina and Uruguay Orquesta típica_section_0

See also: Tango music Orquesta típica_sentence_4

In Argentina and Uruguay, the term orquesta típica is associated with tango music. Orquesta típica_sentence_5

The orquesta típica usually comprises a string section (of violins, viola, and cello), a bandoneón section (of 3 or more bandoneons), and a rhythm section (of piano and double bass). Orquesta típica_sentence_6

An orquesta típica is an expanded version of a sexteto tipico, which includes 2 bandoneons, 2 violins, double bass and piano. Orquesta típica_sentence_7

Cuba Orquesta típica_section_1

See also: Early Cuban bands Orquesta típica_sentence_8

In Cuba, a típica is an ensemble mainly composed of wind instruments, which was very popular in the mid-19th century. Orquesta típica_sentence_9

One of the earliest, Orquesta Flor de Cuba, had the following make-up: cornet, trombone, figle (ophicleide), two clarinets, two violins, double bass, kettle drum, and güiro. Orquesta típica_sentence_10

The ophicleide was a sort of bass bugle with keys, invented in 1817, now superseded by the tuba and/or baritone horn, the name surviving for a pipe organ stop; the trombone would be more typically a valved rather than a slide instrument. Orquesta típica_sentence_11

In the early 20th century, there were still several popular orquestas típicas, such as those directed by Enrique Peña and Félix González. Orquesta típica_sentence_12

In 1915, charangas began to replace orquestas típica, a process which was largely complete by 1925. Orquesta típica_sentence_13

Charangas would become, along with son conjuntos and Cuban-style big bands, one of the main precursors of the salsa ensemble, which is characterized by the inclusion of multiple trombones. Orquesta típica_sentence_14

Salsa ensembles can also feature trumpets along with piano, double bass, güiro, conga and bongó. Orquesta típica_sentence_15

In the salsa context, the term típico usually refers to the sound of the conjuntos of the 1940s, such as Arsenio Rodríguez's, or to those of the original charangas danzoneras (charangas típicas), such as Arcaño y sus Maravillas, since orquestas típicas never reached the United States. Orquesta típica_sentence_16

See also Orquesta típica_section_2

Orquesta típica_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orquesta típica.