Orthographical variant

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

In biology, within the science of scientific nomenclature, i.e. the naming of organisms, an orthographical variant (abbreviated orth. Orthographical variant_sentence_0

var.) Orthographical variant_sentence_1

in botany or an orthographic error in zoology, is a spelling mistake, typing mistake or writing mistake within a scientific publication that resulted in a somewhat different name being accidentally used for an already-named organism. Orthographical variant_sentence_2

The rules that govern what to do when this happens are laid out in the relevant codes of nomenclature. Orthographical variant_sentence_3

In botanical names Orthographical variant_section_0

In botanical nomenclature, an orthographical variant (abbreviated orth. Orthographical variant_sentence_4

var.) Orthographical variant_sentence_5

is a variant spelling of the same name. Orthographical variant_sentence_6

For example, Hieronima and Hyeronima are orthographical variants of Hieronyma. Orthographical variant_sentence_7

One of the spellings must be treated as the correct one. Orthographical variant_sentence_8

In this case, the spelling Hieronyma has been conserved and is to be used as the correct spelling. Orthographical variant_sentence_9

An inadvertent use of one of the other spellings has no consequence: the name is to be treated as if it were correctly spelled. Orthographical variant_sentence_10

Any subsequent use is to be corrected. Orthographical variant_sentence_11

Orthographical variants are treated in Art 61 of the ICBN. Orthographical variant_sentence_12

In zoological names Orthographical variant_section_1

In zoology, "orthographical variants" in the formal sense do not exist; a misspelling or orthographic error is treated as a lapsus, a form of inadvertent error. Orthographical variant_sentence_13

The first reviser is allowed to choose one variant for mandatory further use, but in other ways, these errors generally have no further formal standing. Orthographical variant_sentence_14

Inadvertent misspellings are treated in Art. Orthographical variant_sentence_15

32-33 of the ICZN. Orthographical variant_sentence_16

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthographical variant.