Orthographical variant

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In biology, within the science of scientific nomenclature, i.e. the naming of organisms, an orthographical variant (abbreviated orth. Orthographical variant_sentence_0

var.) Orthographical variant_sentence_1

in botany or an orthographic error in zoology, is a spelling mistake, typing mistake or writing mistake within a scientific publication that resulted in a somewhat different name being accidentally used for an already-named organism. Orthographical variant_sentence_2

The rules that govern what to do when this happens are laid out in the relevant codes of nomenclature. Orthographical variant_sentence_3

In botanical names Orthographical variant_section_0

In botanical nomenclature, an orthographical variant (abbreviated orth. Orthographical variant_sentence_4

var.) Orthographical variant_sentence_5

is a variant spelling of the same name. Orthographical variant_sentence_6

For example, Hieronima and Hyeronima are orthographical variants of Hieronyma. Orthographical variant_sentence_7

One of the spellings must be treated as the correct one. Orthographical variant_sentence_8

In this case, the spelling Hieronyma has been conserved and is to be used as the correct spelling. Orthographical variant_sentence_9

An inadvertent use of one of the other spellings has no consequence: the name is to be treated as if it were correctly spelled. Orthographical variant_sentence_10

Any subsequent use is to be corrected. Orthographical variant_sentence_11

Orthographical variants are treated in Art 61 of the ICBN. Orthographical variant_sentence_12

In zoological names Orthographical variant_section_1

In zoology, "orthographical variants" in the formal sense do not exist; a misspelling or orthographic error is treated as a lapsus, a form of inadvertent error. Orthographical variant_sentence_13

The first reviser is allowed to choose one variant for mandatory further use, but in other ways, these errors generally have no further formal standing. Orthographical variant_sentence_14

Inadvertent misspellings are treated in Art. Orthographical variant_sentence_15

32-33 of the ICZN. Orthographical variant_sentence_16


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthographical variant.