Pérez Prado

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In this Spanish name, the first or paternal family name is Pérez and the second or maternal family name is Prado. Pérez Prado_sentence_0

Pérez Prado_table_infobox_0

Pérez PradoPérez Prado_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationPérez Prado_header_cell_0_1_0
Birth namePérez Prado_header_cell_0_2_0 Dámaso Pérez PradoPérez Prado_cell_0_2_1
Also known asPérez Prado_header_cell_0_3_0 "Prez" Prado, "The King of the Mambo"Pérez Prado_cell_0_3_1
BornPérez Prado_header_cell_0_4_0 (1916-12-11)December 11, 1916

Matanzas, CubaPérez Prado_cell_0_4_1

DiedPérez Prado_header_cell_0_5_0 September 14, 1989(1989-09-14) (aged 72)

Mexico City, MexicoPérez Prado_cell_0_5_1

GenresPérez Prado_header_cell_0_6_0 MamboPérez Prado_cell_0_6_1
Occupation(s)Pérez Prado_header_cell_0_7_0 Musician, arranger, bandleader, composerPérez Prado_cell_0_7_1
Years activePérez Prado_header_cell_0_8_0 1933–1987Pérez Prado_cell_0_8_1
LabelsPérez Prado_header_cell_0_9_0 RCA VictorPérez Prado_cell_0_9_1
Associated actsPérez Prado_header_cell_0_10_0 Sonora Matancera, The Pérez Prado OrchestraPérez Prado_cell_0_10_1

Dámaso Pérez Prado (December 11, 1916 – September 14, 1989) was a Cuban bandleader, pianist, composer and arranger who popularized the mambo in the 1950s. Pérez Prado_sentence_1

His big band adaptation of the danzón-mambo proved to be a worldwide success with hits such as "Mambo No. Pérez Prado_sentence_2 5", earning him the nickname "King of the Mambo". Pérez Prado_sentence_3

In 1955, Prado and his orchestra topped the charts in the US and UK with a mambo cover of Louiguy's "Cherry Pink (and Apple Blossom White)". Pérez Prado_sentence_4

He frequently made brief appearances in films, primarily of the rumberas genre, and his music was featured in films such as La Dolce Vita. Pérez Prado_sentence_5

Pérez Prado began his career as pianist and arranger for the Sonora Matancera, an internationally successful dance music ensemble from his hometown of Matanzas. Pérez Prado_sentence_6

He later established his own group and made several recordings in Havana in 1946, including "Trompetiana", a self-penned mambo and one of the first examples arranged for big band. Pérez Prado_sentence_7

He then moved to Mexico where the developed this particular genre in multiple forms, including bolero-mambo (with María Luisa Landín), guaracha-mambo (with Benny Moré) and two forms of instrumental mambo he created: mambo batiri and mambo kaen. Pérez Prado_sentence_8

The success of his 1949 recordings landed him a contract with RCA Victor in the US, which led to a prolific career in the 1950s. Pérez Prado_sentence_9

His number 1 hit "Cherry Pink" was followed by other charting singles, such as a cover of "Guaglione" and his own "Patricia", both released in 1958. Pérez Prado_sentence_10

In the 1960s, Pérez Prado's popularity waned with the advent of other Latin dance rhythms such as pachanga and, later, boogaloo. Pérez Prado_sentence_11

Despite several innovative albums and a new form of mambo he called "dengue", Pérez Prado moved back to Mexico in the 1970s, where he became a naturalized citizen in 1980. Pérez Prado_sentence_12

He died there in 1989. Pérez Prado_sentence_13

His son, Pérez Jr., continues to direct the Pérez Prado Orchestra in Mexico City to this day. Pérez Prado_sentence_14

Biography Pérez Prado_section_0

Early life Pérez Prado_section_1

Pérez was born in Matanzas, Cuba, on December 11, 1916; his mother Sara Prado was a school teacher, his father Pablo Pérez a journalist at El Heraldo de Cuba. Pérez Prado_sentence_15

He studied classical piano in his early childhood, and later played organ and piano in local clubs. Pérez Prado_sentence_16

For a time, he was pianist and arranger for the Sonora Matancera, Cuba's best-known musical group at the time. Pérez Prado_sentence_17

He also worked with casino orchestras in Havana for most of the 1940s. Pérez Prado_sentence_18

He was nicknamed "El Cara de Foca" ("Seal Face") by his peers at the time. Pérez Prado_sentence_19

In 1949, Perez moved to Mexico where he formed his own band and signed a recording contract with the International division of RCA Victor in Mexico City. Pérez Prado_sentence_20

He quickly specialized in mambos, an upbeat adaptation of the Cuban danzón. Pérez Prado_sentence_21

Perez's mambos stood out among the competition, with their fiery brass riffs and strong saxophone counterpoints, and most of all, Pérez's trademark grunts (he actually says "¡Dilo! Pérez Prado_sentence_22

("Say it!") Pérez Prado_sentence_23

in many of the perceived grunts). Pérez Prado_sentence_24

In 1950, arranger Sonny Burke heard "Qué rico el mambo" while on vacation in Mexico and recorded it back in the United States. Pérez Prado_sentence_25

The single was a hit, which led Pérez to launch a US tour. Pérez Prado_sentence_26

He was to record the song again some years later under the title "Mambo Jambo". Pérez Prado_sentence_27

Pérez's appearances in 1951 were sell-outs. Pérez Prado_sentence_28

RCA Victor record producers Herman Diaz Jr. and Ethel Gabriel signed Prado to RCA Victor in the US and produced his best-selling recording of "Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White. Pérez Prado_sentence_29

Pérez and his Orchestra performed at the famed tenth Cavalcade of Jazz concert held at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles which was produced by Leon Hefflin, Sr. on June 20, 1954. Pérez Prado_sentence_30

He performed along with The Flairs, Count Basie and his Orchestra, Lamp Lighters, Louis Jordan and His Tympany Five, Christine Kittrell, and Ruth Brown. Pérez Prado_sentence_31

Famous pieces Pérez Prado_section_2

Pérez is the composer of such famous pieces as "Mambo No. Pérez Prado_sentence_32 5" (later a UK chart-topper for both Lou Bega in 1999 and animated character Bob the Builder in 2001) and "Mambo No. Pérez Prado_sentence_33

8". Pérez Prado_sentence_34

The mambo craze peaked in the US in 1955, when Pérez hit the American charts at number one with a cha-cha-chá version of "Cherry Pink (and Apple Blossom White)" (composed by French composer Louiguy). Pérez Prado_sentence_35

This arrangement, featuring trumpeter Billy Regis, held the spot for 10 consecutive weeks, sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc. Pérez Prado_sentence_36

The song also went to number one in the UK and in Germany. Pérez Prado_sentence_37

Perez had first recorded this title for the movie Underwater! Pérez Prado_sentence_38

in 1954, where Jane Russell can be seen dancing to "Cherry Pink (and Apple Blossom White)". Pérez Prado_sentence_39

In 1958 one of Perez's own compositions, "Patricia", became the last record to ascend to No. Pérez Prado_sentence_40

1 on the Jockeys and Top 100 charts, both of which gave way the following week to the then newly introduced Billboard Hot 100 chart. Pérez Prado_sentence_41

The song also went to number one in Germany, and in the UK it reached number eight. Pérez Prado_sentence_42

The Italian filmmaker Federico Fellini chose to play "Patricia" twice in his 1960 masterpiece, La Dolce Vita, in the restaurant on the beach and during the striptease scene. Pérez Prado_sentence_43

International popularity Pérez Prado_section_3

His popularity in the United States matched the peak of the first wave of interest in Latin music outside the Hispanic and Latino communities during the 1940s, 1950s and early 1960s. Pérez Prado_sentence_44

He also performed in films in the United States and Europe, as well as in Mexican cinema (Rumberas film), always with his trademark goatee and turtle-neck sweaters and vests. Pérez Prado_sentence_45

Pérez's popularity began to wane by 1960, and the new decade gave way to new rhythms, such as rock and roll and then pop music. Pérez Prado_sentence_46

His association with RCA Victor ended in the mid 1960s, and afterward his recorded output was mainly limited to smaller labels with limited distribution and recycled Latin-style anthologies. Pérez Prado_sentence_47

Later life Pérez Prado_section_4

In the early 1970s, Pérez returned permanently to his spacious apartment off Mexico City's grand Paseo de la Reforma to live with his wife and two children, son Dámaso Pérez Salinas (known as Pérez Prado Jr.) and daughter María Engracia. Pérez Prado_sentence_48

While his career in the US had declined, his popularity in Latin America was still strong, and he toured and continued to record material released in Mexico, South America, and Japan. Pérez Prado_sentence_49

He was revered as one of the reigning giants of the music industry and was a regular performer on Mexican television. Pérez Prado_sentence_50

A live concert recording of his 1973 tour was released by RCA in Japan on LP in Quadraphonic sound. Pérez Prado_sentence_51

In 1981, Pérez was featured in a musical revue entitled Sun, which enjoyed a long run in the Mexican capital. Pérez Prado_sentence_52

In 1983, his brother Pantaleón Pérez Prado, a musician who was also known professionally as Pérez Prado, died, and the press erroneously reported Dámaso's death. Pérez Prado_sentence_53

His final appearance in the US was in Hollywood on September 12, 1987, when he played to a packed house. Pérez Prado_sentence_54

This was also the year of his final recording. Pérez Prado_sentence_55

Persistent ill health plagued him for the next two years, and he died of a stroke in Mexico City on September 14, 1989, at age 72. Pérez Prado_sentence_56

Legacy Pérez Prado_section_5

Although he did not create the genre—Orestes López and his brother Cachao did in 1937—Pérez Prado has been recognized as a key figure in the popularization of mambo and Cuban dance music in general across the world in the 1950s. Pérez Prado_sentence_57

His success came from his adaptation of the fast mambo rhythm to the American-style big bands of the 1940s and away from the quieter Cuban charanga. Pérez Prado_sentence_58

He also worked with a variety of musicians who would go on to have successful careers. Pérez Prado_sentence_59

In 1946, he worked with guaracha singer Orlando Guerra "Cascarita", who became one of the leading exponents of the genre. Pérez Prado_sentence_60

In Mexico, he helped launch the career of Beny Moré in 1949, with hits such as "Anabacoa". Pérez Prado_sentence_61

In America, he worked with West-Coast trumpeters such as Maynard Ferguson, Pete Candoli and Ollie Mitchell (featured on "Flight of the Bumble Bee"), trombonist-vocalist Ray Vasquez, and a variety of percussionists, including Armando Peraza, Mongo Santamaría and Alex Acuña. Pérez Prado_sentence_62

In 1999, Prado was posthumously inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame. Pérez Prado_sentence_63

In popular culture Pérez Prado_section_6

Discography Pérez Prado_section_7

Singles Pérez Prado_section_8

See also: :Category:Pérez Prado songs Pérez Prado_sentence_64

Albums Pérez Prado_section_9

See also: :Category:Pérez Prado albums Pérez Prado_sentence_65

Pérez Prado_unordered_list_0

  • Pérez Prado Plays Mucho Mambo For Dancing (1951)Pérez Prado_item_0_0
  • Voodoo Suite (1955)Pérez Prado_item_0_1
  • Mambo By The King (1955)Pérez Prado_item_0_2
  • Mambo Mania (1955)Pérez Prado_item_0_3
  • Havana 3 A.M. (1956)Pérez Prado_item_0_4
  • Latin Satin (1957)Pérez Prado_item_0_5
  • Mambo Happy (1958)Pérez Prado_item_0_6
  • Dilo (Ugh!) (1958)Pérez Prado_item_0_7
  • "Prez" (1958) - Pérez only US Top 40 album, reaching the No. 22 spot in May 1959Pérez Prado_item_0_8
  • Pops and Prado (1959)Pérez Prado_item_0_9
  • A Touch of Tabasco with Rosemary Clooney (1959)Pérez Prado_item_0_10
  • Big Hits By Prado (1960)Pérez Prado_item_0_11
  • Perez Prado's Rockambo (1961)Pérez Prado_item_0_12
  • Latino! (1961)Pérez Prado_item_0_13
  • La Chunga (1961)Pérez Prado_item_0_14
  • Exotic Suite of the Americas (1962)Pérez Prado_item_0_15
  • Now! Twist Goes Latin (1962)Pérez Prado_item_0_16
  • Our Man In Latin America (1963)Pérez Prado_item_0_17
  • Dance Latino (1965)Pérez Prado_item_0_18
  • The Best Of Perez Prado (1967) Reissue of Big Hits By PradoPérez Prado_item_0_19
  • This Is Perez Prado (1971)Pérez Prado_item_0_20
  • Perez Prado - Pure Gold (1976) Another reissue of Big Hits By PradoPérez Prado_item_0_21

Filmography Pérez Prado_section_10

Pérez Prado_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pérez Prado.