Pachanga

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Not to be confused with Pechanga. Pachanga_sentence_0

For other uses, see Pachanga (disambiguation). Pachanga_sentence_1

Pachanga_table_infobox_0

PachangaPachanga_header_cell_0_0_0
Stylistic originsPachanga_header_cell_0_1_0 Son montuno, merenguePachanga_cell_0_1_1
Cultural originsPachanga_header_cell_0_2_0 Cuba, 1959Pachanga_cell_0_2_1

Pachanga_table_infobox_1

Music of CubaPachanga_header_cell_1_0_0
General topicsPachanga_header_cell_1_1_0
GenresPachanga_header_cell_1_2_0
Specific formsPachanga_header_cell_1_3_0
Religious musicPachanga_header_cell_1_4_0 Pachanga_cell_1_4_1
Traditional musicPachanga_header_cell_1_5_0 Pachanga_cell_1_5_1
Media and performancePachanga_header_cell_1_6_0
Music awardsPachanga_header_cell_1_7_0 Beny Moré AwardPachanga_cell_1_7_1
Nationalistic and patriotic songsPachanga_header_cell_1_8_0
National anthemPachanga_header_cell_1_9_0 La BayamesaPachanga_cell_1_9_1
Regional musicPachanga_header_cell_1_10_0

Pachanga is a genre of music which is described as a mixture of son montuno and merengue and has an accompanying signature style of dance. Pachanga_sentence_2

This type of music has a festive, lively style and is marked by jocular, mischievous lyrics. Pachanga_sentence_3

Pachanga originated in Cuba in the 1950s and played an important role in the evolution of Caribbean style music as it is today. Pachanga_sentence_4

Considered a prominent contributor to the eventual rise of salsa, Pachanga itself is an offshoot of Charanga style music. Pachanga_sentence_5

Very similar in sound to Cha-Cha but with a notably stronger down-beat, Pachanga once experienced massive popularity all across the Caribbean and was brought to the United States by Cuban immigrants post World War II. Pachanga_sentence_6

This led to an explosion of Pachanga music in Cuban music clubs that influenced Latin culture in the United States for decades to come. Pachanga_sentence_7

Music Pachanga_section_0

Charanga is a type of traditional ensemble that plays Cuban dance music (mostly Danzón, Danzonete, and Cha cha chá) using violin, flute, horns, drums. Pachanga_sentence_8

José Fajardo brought the song "La Pachanga" to New York in the Cuban charanga style. Pachanga_sentence_9

The orquesta, or band, was referred to as charanga, while the accompanying dance was named the pachanga. Pachanga_sentence_10

The similar sound of the words charanga and pachanga has led to the fact that these two notions are often confused. Pachanga_sentence_11

In fact, charanga is a type of orchestration, while pachanga is a musical and dance genre. Pachanga_sentence_12

Eduardo Davidson's tune, "La Pachanga", with rights managed by Peer International (BMI), achieved international recognition in 1961 when it was licensed in three versions sung by Genie Pace on Capitol, by Audrey Arno in a German version on European Decca, and by Hugo and Luigi and their children's chorus. Pachanga_sentence_13

Billboard commented "A bright new dance craze from the Latins has resulted in these three good recordings, all with interesting and varying treatments." Pachanga_sentence_14

Dance Pachanga_section_1

As a dance, pachanga has been described as "a happy-go-lucky dance" of Cuban origin with a Charleston flavor due to the double bending and straightening of the knees. Pachanga_sentence_15

It is danced on the downbeat of four-four time to the usual mambo offbeat music characterized by the charanga instrumentation of flutes, violins, and drums. Pachanga_sentence_16

Steps Pachanga_section_2

A basic pachanga step consists of a bending and straightening of the knees. Pachanga_sentence_17

Pachanga is a very grounded dance, with the knees never completely straightening and an emphasis on weight and energy going into the ground. Pachanga_sentence_18

Body movement resulting from weight changes follows the footwork. Pachanga_sentence_19

With a bounce originating in the knees, the upper body will rock as body connectivity and posture are maintained. Pachanga_sentence_20

It mimics a basic mambo step in foot placement and weight shift while incorporating a glide on weight transfer instead of a tap. Pachanga_sentence_21

The shift in weight from one foot to the other gives the illusion of gliding, similar to a moonwalk. Pachanga_sentence_22

Modern Pachanga Pachanga_section_3

Pachanga dance today is mainly seen incorporated into salsa shines or footwork. Pachanga_sentence_23

“Shines” can refer either to a performance by a group of solo men or women without a partner, or a pause in partnerwork for each dancer to show off before coming back together. Pachanga_sentence_24

The term shine originates from young African American shoe shiners who would dance for money. Pachanga_sentence_25

While it is not a very popular social dance, many salsa dancers incorporate pachanga movements into their choreography, especially in mambo or salsa on-2 routines. Pachanga_sentence_26

Although people traditionally learned pachanga from friends or family in social settings, as it was the only way to learn many Latin styles, instructors have adapted to a Western studio style of teaching. Pachanga_sentence_27

Pachanga is taught all over the world at different salsa events and congresses. Pachanga_sentence_28

As technology increases and economies and societies become increasingly global, the crossover of different cultures becomes easier, including the blending of different dance styles from all over. Pachanga_sentence_29

People worldwide can learn dances such as pachanga, as well as incorporate its movements into styles with which they are already familiar. Pachanga_sentence_30

Popular instructors include the “Mambo King” Eddie Torres, his son Eddie Torres Jr., and his former partner Shani Talmor. Pachanga_sentence_31

History Pachanga_section_4

Though Pachanga was created in Cuba, it rose to popularity in the United States in the 1950s during a wave of Cuban immigration. Pachanga_sentence_32

America is where Pachanga truly became popular and known in the public consciousness and developed into the music, dance and overall influence that it is today. Pachanga_sentence_33

Cuban immigration Pachanga_section_5

The development of the style of music that came to be known as Salsa in the U.S. in the late 1960s relied heavily on the Latin music scene in New York City and more specifically the South Bronx. Pachanga_sentence_34

In the post World War Two era, New York city experienced a surge of Cuban immigration. Pachanga_sentence_35

During this time Cuba underwent several economic and social crises including the destabilization of international tobacco and sugar markets and civil upheavals that further disrupted the already fragile Cuban republic. Pachanga_sentence_36

As a result, tens of thousands of Cubans migrated to the U.S. hoping to find greater economic opportunities and more civil liberties, establishing sizeable communities in New Orleans, Tampa, and New York City. Pachanga_sentence_37

The start of the Cuban Revolution in 1953 only gave Cuban civilians more reason to flee the country, adding to the flood of immigrants to the United States. Pachanga_sentence_38

Rise of Pachanga in New York Pachanga_section_6

At the time, the South Bronx had large developments of affordable public housing where many Cubans and other Caribbean immigrants ended up finding a place to call home. Pachanga_sentence_39

In addition to housing, the South Bronx also offered a strong infrastructure for the growth of a culturally rich community. Pachanga_sentence_40

The Cuban communities that formed brought with them their own art and culture and in particular they brought with them Cuban music and dance. Pachanga_sentence_41

The Caribbean music scene in New York exploded along with the rise of Caribbean ballrooms, clubs and dance halls. Pachanga_sentence_42

These establishments featured all the popular Caribbean music styles of the era, beginning with the Mambo. Pachanga_sentence_43

The Mambo grew in popularity at an alarming rate sparking “Mambo mania” throughout the U.S. to the point that even mainstream musicians such as Rosemary Clooney and Perry Como were incorporating the sounds of Mambo into their pop music. Pachanga_sentence_44

The success that Mambo had in finding its way into the mainstream paved the way for other forms of Caribbean music to be successful. Pachanga_sentence_45

It wasn't long before everyone in New York was listening and dancing to Pachanga. Pachanga_sentence_46

Two clubs in particular that are inextricably linked with Pachanga's development and popularity are the Triton After-Hours Club and the Caravana Club. Pachanga_sentence_47

The Bronx's Caravana Club is commonly thought of as the home of Pachanga. Pachanga_sentence_48

Opened in the summer of 1959, the Caravana Club instantly became a major hub for the Latin music scene in New York by presenting major bands every week. Pachanga_sentence_49

The clubs popularity truly rose after the live recording of Charlie Palmieri’s "Pachanga at the Caravana Club" in 1961 which cemented its reputation as the home of Pachanga. Pachanga_sentence_50

At the Triton Club on the other hand, Johnny Pacheco improvised a dance move known as the “Bronx Hop” which later became a major part of the Pachanga dance fad. Pachanga_sentence_51

A group of patrons at the Caravana Club even formed a dance group named “Los Pachangueros” that performed across the city. Pachanga_sentence_52

At this time, a Pachanga dance craze had also struck the city with such popularity that countless articles about it made their way into mainstream American publications including The New York Times, El Diario and the specialized Ballroom Dance Magazine. Pachanga_sentence_53


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pachanga.