Pampa, Texas

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Pampa, Texas_table_infobox_0

Pampa, TexasPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_1_0 United StatesPampa, Texas_cell_0_1_1
StatePampa, Texas_header_cell_0_2_0 TexasPampa, Texas_cell_0_2_1
CountyPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_3_0 GrayPampa, Texas_cell_0_3_1
GovernmentPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_4_0
TypePampa, Texas_header_cell_0_5_0 Council-ManagerPampa, Texas_cell_0_5_1
MayorPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_6_0 Brad PingelPampa, Texas_cell_0_6_1
City CommissionPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_7_0 Jimmy Keough

Karen McClain Matt Rains Gary WintonPampa, Texas_cell_0_7_1

City ManagerPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_8_0 Shane StokesPampa, Texas_cell_0_8_1
AreaPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_9_0
TotalPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_10_0 9.02 sq mi (23.36 km)Pampa, Texas_cell_0_10_1
LandPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_11_0 9.02 sq mi (23.36 km)Pampa, Texas_cell_0_11_1
WaterPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_12_0 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km)Pampa, Texas_cell_0_12_1
ElevationPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_13_0 3,238 ft (987 m)Pampa, Texas_cell_0_13_1
Population (2010)Pampa, Texas_header_cell_0_14_0
TotalPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_15_0 17,994Pampa, Texas_cell_0_15_1
Estimate (2019)Pampa, Texas_header_cell_0_16_0 17,068Pampa, Texas_cell_0_16_1
DensityPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_17_0 1,892.24/sq mi (730.59/km)Pampa, Texas_cell_0_17_1
Time zonePampa, Texas_header_cell_0_18_0 UTC-6 (Central (CST))Pampa, Texas_cell_0_18_1
Summer (DST)Pampa, Texas_header_cell_0_19_0 UTC-5 (CDT)Pampa, Texas_cell_0_19_1
ZIP codesPampa, Texas_header_cell_0_20_0 79065-79066Pampa, Texas_cell_0_20_1
Area code(s)Pampa, Texas_header_cell_0_21_0 806Pampa, Texas_cell_0_21_1
FIPS codePampa, Texas_header_cell_0_22_0 48-54912Pampa, Texas_cell_0_22_1
WebsitePampa, Texas_header_cell_0_23_0 Pampa, Texas_cell_0_23_1

Pampa is a city in Gray County, Texas, United States. Pampa, Texas_sentence_0

Its population was 17,994 as of the 2010 census. Pampa, Texas_sentence_1

Pampa is the county seat of Gray County and is the principal city of the Pampa micropolitan statistical area, which includes both Gray and Roberts Counties. Pampa, Texas_sentence_2

Pampa hosts the Top o' Texas Rodeo each year in July, which brings competitors from Texas and the surrounding states to Gray County. Pampa, Texas_sentence_3

The White Deer Land Company Museum, which showcases ranching exhibits, is located in downtown Pampa. Pampa, Texas_sentence_4

History Pampa, Texas_section_0

In 1888, the Santa Fe Railroad was constructed through the area where Pampa would be established. Pampa, Texas_sentence_5

A rail station and telegraph office were built, and the townsite was laid out by George Tyng, manager of the White Deer Lands ranch. Pampa, Texas_sentence_6

The town was first called "Glasgow", then "Sutton", and then the name was changed to "Pampa" after the pampas grasslands of South America at Mr. Tyng's suggestion. Pampa, Texas_sentence_7

Timothy Dwight Hobart, a native of Vermont, sold plots of land for the town only to people who agreed to settle there and develop the land, and Pampa soon became a center for agriculture. Pampa, Texas_sentence_8

Gas and oil were discovered in the Texas Panhandle in 1916. Pampa, Texas_sentence_9

Pampa prospered greatly in the resulting oil boom, and the Gray County seat of government was moved in 1928 from Lefors to Pampa. Pampa, Texas_sentence_10

By the 1920s, Pampa was linked by rail to Hemphill County and Clinton, Oklahoma, through the combination of two similarly named companies, the Clinton, Oklahoma, and Western Railroad Company and the Clinton-Oklahoma-Western Railroad Company of Texas. Pampa, Texas_sentence_11

Both of these companies were soon leased and purchased by the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway, which held them until disestablishment in 1965. Pampa, Texas_sentence_12

The Army Air Forces Training Command operated the Pampa Army Air Field that was in operation from 1942 to 1945. Pampa, Texas_sentence_13

The site of the former base is located near the intersection of SH 152 and FM 1474, about 10 miles east of the town. Pampa, Texas_sentence_14

1995 tornado Pampa, Texas_section_1

On June 8, 1995, a violent tornado hit the industrial section on the west side of Pampa, destroying or damaging about 250 businesses and homes. Pampa, Texas_sentence_15

It resulted in $30 million in damage and was the costliest and the most destructive tornado on record for this town. Pampa, Texas_sentence_16

It had a 3-mile path and was 200 yards wide. Pampa, Texas_sentence_17

At its peak, it was rated an F4 on the Fujita scale. Pampa, Texas_sentence_18

Geography Pampa, Texas_section_2

Pampa is located in northwestern Gray County. Pampa, Texas_sentence_19

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total land area of 9.0 square miles (23.2 km), all land. Pampa, Texas_sentence_20

U.S. Pampa, Texas_sentence_21 Route 60 passes through Pampa, leading northeast 46 miles (74 km) to Canadian and southwest 54 miles (87 km) to Amarillo. Pampa, Texas_sentence_22

Texas State Highway 70 crosses US 60 in the southwest part of Pampa and leads north 62 miles (100 km) to Perryton and south 24 miles (39 km) to Interstate 40. Pampa, Texas_sentence_23

Demographics Pampa, Texas_section_3

2010 Census Pampa, Texas_section_4

As of the census of 2010, 17,994 people resided in Pampa, a 0.6% increase from 2000. Pampa, Texas_sentence_24

The population density was 2,008.3 people per square mile (775.6/km). Pampa, Texas_sentence_25

The racial makeup of the city was 80.9% White, 3.3% Black, 0.8% American Indian or Alaskan Native, 0.4% Asian, had 2.6% reporting two or more races. Pampa, Texas_sentence_26

Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 26% of the population. Pampa, Texas_sentence_27

The 7,123 households (2006–2010) averaged 2.6 persons per household. Pampa, Texas_sentence_28

Persons under 18 years of age accounted for 27%, and under 5 years of age accounted for 8.1% of the population. Pampa, Texas_sentence_29

Persons over age 65 accounted for 16% of the population. Pampa, Texas_sentence_30

The median household income was $40,358, with the per capita income in the past 12 months (2010 dollars) 2006-2010 being $22,025. Pampa, Texas_sentence_31

The home ownership rate (2006–2010) was 76.2%, with the median value of owner-occupied housing units was $65,300. Pampa, Texas_sentence_32

2000 Census Pampa, Texas_section_5

As of the census of 2000, 17,887 people, 7,387 households, and 5,074 families were residing in the city. Pampa, Texas_sentence_33

The population density was 2,050.0 people per square mile (791.1/km). Pampa, Texas_sentence_34

The 8,785 housing units averaged 1,006.8 per mi (388.5/km). Pampa, Texas_sentence_35

The racial makeup of the city was 83.69% White, 3.85% African American, 1.07% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 8.25% from other races, and 2.73% from two or more races.Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 13.72% of the population. Pampa, Texas_sentence_36

Of the 7,387 households, 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were not families. Pampa, Texas_sentence_37

About 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Pampa, Texas_sentence_38

The average household size was 2.39, and the average family size was 2.94. Pampa, Texas_sentence_39

In the city, the age distribution was 25.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. Pampa, Texas_sentence_40

The median age was 39 years. Pampa, Texas_sentence_41

For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. Pampa, Texas_sentence_42

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. Pampa, Texas_sentence_43

The median income for a household in the city was $31,213, and for a family was $39,810. Pampa, Texas_sentence_44

Males had a median income of $32,717 versus $20,492 for females. Pampa, Texas_sentence_45

The per capita income for the city was $17,791. Pampa, Texas_sentence_46

About 12.1% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. Pampa, Texas_sentence_47

Media Pampa, Texas_section_6

The Pampa News, a daily newspaper published in Pampa, serves Pampa and the surrounding areas of Gray County. Pampa, Texas_sentence_48

The paper is published daily except Sundays, Mondays, and major holidays. Pampa, Texas_sentence_49

Its daily circulation is about 3,600. Pampa, Texas_sentence_50

Education Pampa, Texas_section_7

The city is served by the Pampa Independent School District. Pampa, Texas_sentence_51

The school district administers four elementary schools (Austin, Lamar, Travis, and Wilson) and one junior high school. Pampa, Texas_sentence_52

Pampa High School and the nontraditional Pampa Learning Center are also part of the school system. Pampa, Texas_sentence_53

Pampa is also served by the Pampa Center branch of Clarendon College. Pampa, Texas_sentence_54

Library Pampa, Texas_section_8

The Lovett Memorial Library was built on the entire west half of the 100 block of North Houston Street. Pampa, Texas_sentence_55

The building was dedicated on 18 January 1955. Pampa, Texas_sentence_56

In 1985, the Harrington Foundation of Amarillo paid for the computerization of library records, joining the library for the first time into a consortium with most of the public libraries in the Panhandle. Pampa, Texas_sentence_57

By the mid-1990s, Lovett Library was showing its age, and not compliant with the Americans for Disabilities Act. Pampa, Texas_sentence_58

In October 1995, it was announced that Mrs. Ruth Ann Holland has left $500,000 to the Library Foundation in her will. Pampa, Texas_sentence_59

In 1996, the Lovett Library Foundation, which managed the Holland bequest and several other substantial bequests, announced that a plan was being made to extensive renovate the old building. Pampa, Texas_sentence_60

In January 1998, the library staff, along with all books and much equipment, moved from the Houston Street facility to the old B. M. Baker school on the south side, where the library was set up in the cafeteria and classroom annex in the south part of the school complex. Pampa, Texas_sentence_61

This freed the old building on Houston Street for renovation. Pampa, Texas_sentence_62

The children's area was moved to the second floor; a bridge was built between the second floor facility and other children's rooms in the south part of the building; an elevator was installed; new shelves, lighting, and ceiling tiles were installed; and the building was made completely ADA compliant. Pampa, Texas_sentence_63

In June 2003, it was announced that R. L. Franklin, prominent rancher of Pampa, would donate two statues to the library to honor the 50th anniversary of the opening of the building in January 1955. Pampa, Texas_sentence_64

One statue, by Don Ray of Channing, represents a seated woman reading to a child; this is erected in front of the library. Pampa, Texas_sentence_65

Another statue representing a Pioneer Woman was by David Frech of New York was placed in the library's Reading Garden. Pampa, Texas_sentence_66

Both statues were dedicated to four local women, including the donor's mother, each of whom had a long involvement with the library. Pampa, Texas_sentence_67

The statues were dedicated on 9 January 2005, and at one of the dedicatory events, author Elmer Kelton was the guest speaker. Pampa, Texas_sentence_68

Climate Pampa, Texas_section_9

Notable people Pampa, Texas_section_10

Pampa, Texas_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page:, Texas.