Pandora archive

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"PANDORA" redirects here. Pandora archive_sentence_0

For other uses, see Pandora (disambiguation). Pandora archive_sentence_1

Pandora archive_table_infobox_0

PANDORAPandora archive_table_caption_0
Type of sitePandora archive_header_cell_0_0_0 Web archivePandora archive_cell_0_0_1
OwnerPandora archive_header_cell_0_1_0 National Library of AustraliaPandora archive_cell_0_1_1
Created byPandora archive_header_cell_0_2_0 National Library of Australia and partner organisationsPandora archive_cell_0_2_1
URLPandora archive_header_cell_0_3_0 Pandora archive_cell_0_3_1
CommercialPandora archive_header_cell_0_4_0 NoPandora archive_cell_0_4_1
LaunchedPandora archive_header_cell_0_5_0 October 1996; 24 years ago (1996-10)Pandora archive_cell_0_5_1
Written inPandora archive_header_cell_0_6_0 PANDORA Digital Archiving System (PANDAS) v.3Pandora archive_cell_0_6_1

PANDORA, or Pandora, is a national web archive for the preservation of Australia's online publications. Pandora archive_sentence_2

established by the National Library of Australia in 1996. Pandora archive_sentence_3

It has been built in collaboration with Australian state libraries and cultural collecting organisations, including the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, the Australian War Memorial, and the National Film and Sound Archive. Pandora archive_sentence_4

It is now one of three components of the Australian Web Archive. Pandora archive_sentence_5

The name, PANDORA, is a bacronym which describes its purpose: Preserving and Accessing Networked Documentary Resources of Australia. Pandora archive_sentence_6

History Pandora archive_section_0

The National Library of Australia (NLA) began selecting suitable online publications at the beginning of 1996, after recognising "the need to preserve Australia's documentary heritage in online formats as well as in the traditional formats of its existing collections". Pandora archive_sentence_7

A system to store, manage and provide access to these online publications was built by the NLA, which includes PANDORA, a set of policies and procedures and a technical infrastructure. Pandora archive_sentence_8

The first two titles were downloaded in October 1996. Pandora archive_sentence_9

By June 1997 the archive contained 31 titles. Pandora archive_sentence_10

With the sheer volume of content that needed archiving, it was essential to collaborate with other organisations, and in 1998 the State Library of Victoria came on board. Pandora archive_sentence_11

By 2000, 600 titles had been archived, at which time the website was redesigned. Pandora archive_sentence_12

The new site added subject-level access to titles and included documents relating to the PANDORA project. Pandora archive_sentence_13

In August 1998 the State Library of Victoria became a participant in adding content. Pandora archive_sentence_14

In 2000, ScreenSound Australia (now National Film and Sound Archive) joined as a collaborating partner. Pandora archive_sentence_15

By 2003, all of the mainland State libraries, the Northern Territory Library, the National Film and Sound Archive, the Australian War Memorial and the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) had become participants. Pandora archive_sentence_16

The State Library of Tasmania has not participated in PANDORA, at the time of inception running its own web archiving project called Our Digital Island. Pandora archive_sentence_17

Description Pandora archive_section_1

Selection criteria Pandora archive_section_2

The PANDORA archive collects certain Australian web resources according to a specified selection policy, preserves them, and makes them available for viewing. Pandora archive_sentence_18

Content must be about Australia, and is selected based on its cultural significance and research value; and must be "on a subject of social, political, cultural, religious, scientific or economic significance and relevance to Australia and be written by an Australian author; or be written by an Australian recognised authority and constitute a contribution to international knowledge". Pandora archive_sentence_19

The provision for legal deposit of digital format publications was added to the Australian Copyright Act 1968 in 2016 so the National Library of Australia may copy Australian websites without acquiring permission. Pandora archive_sentence_20

They do notify publishers before copying a website to the PANDORA archive, and may request publisher assistance if required. Pandora archive_sentence_21

Selection also gives priority to six categories of publication: Pandora archive_sentence_22

Pandora archive_unordered_list_0

  • Commonwealth and ACT government publicationsPandora archive_item_0_0
  • Publications of tertiary education institutionsPandora archive_item_0_1
  • Conference proceedingsPandora archive_item_0_2
  • E-journalsPandora archive_item_0_3
  • Titles referred by indexing and abstracting agenciesPandora archive_item_0_4
  • Topical sites in nominated subject areas, collected on a rolling three-year basis, and those documenting issues of current social or political interest (such as elections, Sydney Olympics)Pandora archive_item_0_5

As time and staff resources permit, high quality sites outside these categories may be included, within certain guidelines, for instance, "Personal sites will usually only be selected if they provide information of outstanding research value unavailable elsewhere or if they are of exceptional quality or particular interest". Pandora archive_sentence_23

Software Pandora archive_section_3

The archival management system called PANDAS (PANDORA Digital Archiving System) is used to add a title into PANDORA. Pandora archive_sentence_24

This was developed and is maintained by the National Library of Australia. Pandora archive_sentence_25

The latest version is PANDAS 3, which was deployed in mid-2007. Pandora archive_sentence_26

Current and future status Pandora archive_section_4

In March 2019 it became part of larger the Australian Web Archive, which comprises the PANDORA Archive, the Australian Government Web Archive (AGWA) and the National Library's ".au" domain collections, using a single interface in Trove which is publicly available. Pandora archive_sentence_27

As of March 2020, there were 62,959 archived titles, using 49.63 TB of data. Pandora archive_sentence_28

See also Pandora archive_section_5

Pandora archive_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: archive.