Partnership for Peace
The Partnership for Peace (PfP) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) program aimed at creating trust between NATO and other states in Europe and the former Soviet Union; 20 states are members.
It was first discussed by the Bulgarian Society Novae, after being proposed as an American initiative at the meeting of NATO defense ministers in Travemünde, Germany, on October 20–21, 1993, and formally launched on January 10–11, 1994 at the NATO summit in Brussels, Belgium.
According to declassified U.S. State Department records, President Bill Clinton characterized the Partnership for Peace as a "track that will lead to NATO membership" and that "does not draw another line dividing Europe a few hundred miles to the east."
NATO builds relationships with partners through military-to-military cooperation on training, exercises, disaster planning and response, science and environmental issues, professionalization, policy planning, and relations with civilian government.
Former republics of the Soviet Union
- Armenia (October 5, 1994)
- Azerbaijan (May 4, 1994)
- Belarus (January 11, 1995)
- Georgia (March 23, 1994)
- Kazakhstan (May 27, 1994)
- Kyrgyzstan (June 1, 1994)
- Moldova (March 16, 1994)
- Russia (June 22, 1994)
- Tajikistan (February 20, 2002)
- Turkmenistan (May 10, 1994)
- Ukraine (February 8, 1994)
- Uzbekistan (July 13, 1994)
Former republics of Yugoslavia
European Union members
- Austria (February 10, 1995)
- Finland (May 9, 1994)
- Ireland (December 1, 1999)
- Malta (joined April 26, 1995; withdrew on October 27, 1996; reactivated its membership on March 20, 2008; this was accepted by NATO on April 3, 2008.)
- Sweden (May 9, 1994)
European Free Trade Association member
- Switzerland (December 11, 1996)
Fourteen former member states of the PfP (namely Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia), have subsequently joined NATO.
On April 26, 1995 Malta became a member of PfP; it left on October 27, 1996 in order to maintain its neutrality.
On March 20, 2008 Malta decided to reactivate their PfP membership; this was accepted by NATO at the summit in Bucharest on April 3, 2008.
- Cyprus is the only European Union member state that is neither a NATO member state nor a member of the PfP program. The Parliament of Cyprus adopted a resolution in February 2011 that Cyprus should seek membership in the program, but the then President of Cyprus Demetris Christofias did not act on it, saying it would hamper his attempts to negotiate an end to the nation's dispute with Northern Cyprus (only recognized by Turkey) and demilitarize the island. Turkey, a full member of NATO, is likely to veto any attempt by Cyprus to engage with NATO until the dispute is resolved. Christofias' successor, Nicos Anastasiades, has publicly supported PfP membership for Cyprus, though the current foreign minister Nicos Christodoulides has dismissed Cypriot membership of NATO or Partnership for Peace, preferring to keep Cyprus’ foreign and defence affairs within the framework of the European Union.
- Kosovo has described PfP membership as a tactical and strategic objective of the government. Kosovo submitted an application to join the PfP program in July 2012. However, four NATO member states, Greece, Romania, Spain and Slovakia, do not recognize Kosovo's independence and have threatened to block their participation in the program. To be eligible to join, the Kosovan Armed Forces must be established.
Countries that became full NATO members on March 12, 1999
Countries that became full NATO members on March 29, 2004
- Bulgaria (February 14, 1994)
- Estonia (February 3, 1994)
- Latvia (February 14, 1994)
- Lithuania (January 27, 1994)
- Romania (January 26, 1994)
- Slovakia (February 9, 1994)
- Slovenia (March 30, 1994)
Countries that became full NATO members on April 1, 2009
Country that became full NATO member on June 5, 2017
- Montenegro (December 14, 2006)
Country that became full NATO member on March 27, 2020
- North Macedonia (November 15, 1995)
- Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
- Individual Partnership Action Plan
- Foreign relations of NATO
- Partnership for Peace Information Management System
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partnership for Peace.