Pearl Harbor (film)

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Pearl Harbor (film)_table_infobox_0

Pearl HarborPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_0_0
Directed byPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_1_0 Michael BayPearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_1_1
Produced byPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_2_0 Pearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_2_1
Written byPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_3_0 Randall WallacePearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_3_1
StarringPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_4_0 Pearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_4_1
Music byPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_5_0 Hans ZimmerPearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_5_1
CinematographyPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_6_0 John SchwartzmanPearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_6_1
Edited byPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_7_0 Pearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_7_1

companiesPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_8_0

Pearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_8_1
Distributed byPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_9_0 Buena Vista PicturesPearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_9_1
Release datePearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_10_0 Pearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_10_1
Running timePearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_11_0 183 minutesPearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_11_1
CountryPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_12_0 United StatesPearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_12_1
LanguagePearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_13_0 Pearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_13_1
BudgetPearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_14_0 $140 millionPearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_14_1
Box officePearl Harbor (film)_header_cell_0_15_0 $449.2 millionPearl Harbor (film)_cell_0_15_1

Pearl Harbor is a 2001 American romantic war drama film directed by Michael Bay, produced by Bay and Jerry Bruckheimer and written by Randall Wallace. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_0

It stars Ben Affleck, Kate Beckinsale, Josh Hartnett, Cuba Gooding Jr., Tom Sizemore, Jon Voight, Colm Feore, and Alec Baldwin. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_1

The film presented a heavily fictionalized version of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, focusing on a love story set amid the lead up to the attack, its aftermath, and the Doolittle Raid. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_2

The film was a box office success, earning $59 million in its opening weekend and nearly $450 million worldwide, but received generally negative reviews from critics, who criticized the story, long runtime, screenplay and dialogue, pacing, performances and historical inaccuracies. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_3

It was nominated for four Academy Awards, winning in the category of Best Sound Editing. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_4

However, it was also nominated for six Golden Raspberry Awards, including Worst Picture. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_5

This marked the first occurrence of a Worst Picture-nominated film winning an Academy Award. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_6

Plot Pearl Harbor (film)_section_0

In 1923 Tennessee, two best friends, Rafe McCawley and Danny Walker, play together in the back of an old biplane, pretending to be soldiers fighting the German Empire in World War I. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_7

In January 1941, with World War II raging, Danny and Rafe are both first lieutenants under the command of Major Jimmy Doolittle. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_8

Doolittle informs Rafe that he has been accepted into the Eagle Squadron (an RAF outfit for American pilots during the Battle of Britain). Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_9

A nurse named Evelyn Johnson passes Rafe's medical exam despite his dyslexia, and the two strike up a relationship. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_10

Four weeks later, Rafe and Evelyn, now deeply in love, enjoy an evening of dancing at a nightclub and later a jaunt in the New York harbor in a borrowed police boat. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_11

Rafe shocks Evelyn by saying that he has joined the Eagle Squadron and is leaving the next day. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_12

During a mission to intercept a Luftwaffe bombing raid, Rafe is shot down over the English Channel and is presumed killed in action. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_13

Evelyn mourns his death and turns to Danny, which spurs a new romance between the two. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_14

Meanwhile, Japan prepares to attack the US fleet for cutting off their oil supply. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_15

On the night of December 6, Evelyn is shocked to discover Rafe standing outside her door, having survived his downing and spending the ensuing months trapped in Nazi-occupied France. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_16

Rafe, in turn, discovers Danny's romance with Evelyn and leaves for the Hula bar, where he is welcomed back by his overjoyed fellow pilots. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_17

Danny finds a drunken Rafe in the bar with the intention of making things right, but the two get into a fight. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_18

They drive away, avoiding being put in the brig when the military police arrive at the bar. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_19

The two later fall asleep in Danny's car. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_20

Next morning, on December 7, the Imperial Japanese Navy begins its attack on Pearl Harbor. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_21

The US Pacific Fleet suffers severe damage in the surprise attack, and most of the defending airfields are obliterated before they are able to launch fighters to defend the harbor. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_22

Rafe and Danny manage to take off in P-40 fighter planes, and are able to shoot down several of the attacking planes. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_23

They later assist in the rescue of the crew of the capsized USS Oklahoma, but are too late to save the crew of the sinking USS Arizona. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_24

The next day, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivers his Day of Infamy Speech to the nation and requests the US Congress declare a state of war with the Empire of Japan. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_25

The survivors attend a memorial service to honor the numerous dead. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_26

Later, Danny and Rafe are both assigned to travel stateside under newly promoted Lt. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_27

Colonel Doolittle for a secret mission. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_28

Before they leave, Evelyn reveals to Rafe that she is pregnant with Danny's child and intends to stay with Danny for the child's sake, but she reassures him that he is the one she will always truly love. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_29

Upon their arrival in California, Danny and Rafe are both promoted to Captain and awarded the Silver Star, and volunteer for a secret mission under Doolittle. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_30

During the next three months, Rafe, Danny and other pilots train with specially modified B-25 Mitchell bombers. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_31

In April, the raiders are sent toward Japan on board USS Hornet. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_32

Their mission: bomb Tokyo, after doing so they will land in allied China. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_33

The mission is successful, except at the end Rafe and Danny's plane crashes. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_34

They are held at gunpoint by Japanese soldiers. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_35

A gunfight ensues, and Danny is mortally wounded shielding Rafe before the group are rescued by Chinese soldiers. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_36

Rafe tearfully reveals to Danny that Evelyn is pregnant with Danny's child; with his dying breaths, Danny tells Rafe that it is his child now. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_37

After the war, Rafe and Evelyn, now married, visit Danny's grave with Evelyn's son, named Danny after his biological father. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_38

Rafe then asks his stepson if he would like to go flying, and they fly off into the sunset in the old biplane that Rafe's father once owned. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_39

Cast Pearl Harbor (film)_section_1

Fictional characters Pearl Harbor (film)_section_2

Historical characters Pearl Harbor (film)_section_3

Although not intended to be an entirely accurate depiction of events, the film includes portrayals of several historical figures: Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_40

Production Pearl Harbor (film)_section_4

The proposed budget of $208 million that Bay and Bruckheimer wanted was an area of contention with Disney executives, since a great deal of the budget was to be expended on production aspects. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_41

Also controversial was the effort to change the film's rating from R to PG-13. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_42

Bay initially wanted to graphically portray the horrors of war and was not interested in primarily marketing the final product to a teen and young adult audience. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_43

However, even though he wanted to make an R-rated movie, Bay admitted that the problem was that young children would not be able to see it, and he felt that they should. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_44

As such, when he was ordered by Disney to make a PG-13 movie, he didn't argue. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_45

As a compromise, he was allowed to release an R-rated Director's Cut on DVD later on in 2002. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_46

Budget fights continued throughout the planning of the film, with Bay "walking" on several occasions. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_47

Dick Cook, chairman of Disney at the time, said "I think Pearl Harbor was one of the most difficult shoots of modern history." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_48

In order to recreate the atmosphere of pre-war Pearl Harbor, the producers staged the film in Hawaii and used current naval facilities. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_49

Many active duty military members stationed in Hawaii and members of the local population served as extras during the filming. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_50

The set at Rosarito Beach in the Mexican state of Baja California was used for scale model work as required. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_51

Formerly the set of Titanic (1997), Rosarito was the ideal location to recreate the death throes of the battleships in the Pearl Harbor attack. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_52

A large-scale model of the bow section of USS Oklahoma mounted on the world's largest gimbal produced an authentic rolling and submerging of the doomed battleship. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_53

Production Engineer Nigel Phelps stated that the sequence of the ship rolling out of the water and slapping down would involve one of the "biggest set elements" to be staged. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_54

Matched with computer generated imagery, the action had to reflect precision and accuracy throughout. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_55

The vessel most seen in the movie was USS Lexington, representing both USS Hornet and a Japanese carrier. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_56

All aircraft take-offs during the movie were filmed on board the Lexington, a museum ship in Corpus Christi, Texas. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_57

The aircraft on display were removed for filming and were replaced with film aircraft as well as World War II anti-aircraft turrets. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_58

Other ships used in filler scenes included USS Hornet, and USS Constellation during filming for the carrier sequences. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_59

Filming was also done on board the museum battleship USS Texas located near Houston, Texas. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_60

Release Pearl Harbor (film)_section_5

Marketing Pearl Harbor (film)_section_6

The first trailer was released in 2000 and was shown alongside screenings of Cast Away and O Brother, Where Art Thou? Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_61 , with another trailer released in Spring 2001, shown before Pokémon 3: The Movie. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_62

The original version of the trailers used music from The Thin Red Line. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_63

However, due to a rights issue with 20th Century Fox, the music was substituted with music from the film itself, when the trailers were released on the DVD. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_64

Disney chose to premiere the film inside Pearl Harbor itself, aboard the active nuclear aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis, which made a six-day trip from San Diego to serve as "the world's largest and most expensive outdoor theater". Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_65

More than 2,000 people attended the premiere on the Stennis, which had special grandstand seating and one of the world's largest movie screens assembled on the flight deck. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_66

The guests included various Hawaii political leaders, most of the lead actors from the film, and over 500 news media from around the world that Disney flew in to cover the event. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_67

The party was estimated to have cost Disney $5 million. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_68

Box office Pearl Harbor (film)_section_7

Pearl Harbor grossed $198,542,554 at the domestic box office and $250,678,391 overseas for a worldwide total of $449,220,945, ahead of Shrek. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_69

The film was ranked the sixth highest-earning picture of 2001. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_70

It is also the third highest-grossing romantic drama film of all time, as of January 2013, behind Titanic and Ghost. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_71

Home media Pearl Harbor (film)_section_8

The film was released on VHS and DVD on December 4, 2001. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_72

In its first week, it sold more than 7 million units and made more than $130,000,000 in retail sales. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_73

The film was also released in 2002 as an R-rated four disc Director's Cut DVD, which included about a minute of additional footage. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_74

Reception Pearl Harbor (film)_section_9

Pearl Harbor received mostly negative reviews from critics. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_75

On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 24% based on 194 reviews, with an average rating of 4.5/10. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_76

The site's critical consensus reads: "Pearl Harbor tries to be the Titanic of war movies, but it's just a tedious romance filled with laughably bad dialogue. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_77

The 40-minute action sequence is spectacular, though." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_78

On Metacritic, the film has a score of 44 out of 100 based on 35 reviews, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_79

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film one and a half stars, writing: "Pearl Harbor is a two-hour movie squeezed into three hours, about how, on Dec. 7, 1941, the Japanese staged a surprise attack on an American love triangle. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_80

Its centerpiece is 40 minutes of redundant special effects, surrounded by a love story of stunning banality. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_81

The film has been directed without grace, vision, or originality, and although you may walk out quoting lines of dialogue, it will not be because you admire them." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_82

Ebert also criticized the liberties the film took with historical facts: "There is no sense of history, strategy or context; according to this movie, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because America cut off its oil supply, and they were down to an 18-month reserve. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_83

Would going to war restore the fuel sources? Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_84

Did they perhaps also have imperialist designs? Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_85

Movie doesn't say." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_86

In his later "Great Movies" essay on Lawrence of Arabia, Ebert likewise wrote, "What you realize watching Lawrence of Arabia is that the word 'epic' refers not to the cost or the elaborate production, but to the size of the ideas and vision. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_87

Werner Herzog's Aguirre, the Wrath of God didn't cost as much as the catering in Pearl Harbor, but it is an epic, and Pearl Harbor is not." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_88

A. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_89 O. Scott of the New York Times wrote, "Nearly every line of the script drops from the actors' mouths with the leaden clank of exposition, timed with bad sitcom beats." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_90

USA Today gave the film two out of four stars and wrote, "Ships, planes and water combust and collide in Pearl Harbor, but nothing else does in one of the wimpiest wartime romances ever filmed." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_91

In his review for The Washington Post, Desson Howe wrote, "although this Walt Disney movie is based, inspired and even partially informed by a real event referred to as Pearl Harbor, the movie is actually based on the movies Top Gun, Titanic and Saving Private Ryan. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_92

Don't get confused." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_93

Peter Travers of Rolling Stone magazine wrote, "Affleck, Hartnett and Beckinsale – a British actress without a single worthy line to wrap her credible American accent around – are attractive actors, but they can't animate this moldy romantic triangle." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_94

Time magazine's Richard Schickel criticized the love triangle: "It requires a lot of patience for an audience to sit through the dithering. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_95

They're nice kids and all that, but they don't exactly claw madly at one another. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_96

It's as if they know that someday they're going to be part of "the Greatest Generation" and don't want to offend Tom Brokaw. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_97

Besides, megahistory and personal history never integrate here." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_98

Entertainment Weekly was more positive, giving the film a "B−" rating, and Owen Gleiberman praised the Pearl Harbor attack sequence: "Bay's staging is spectacular but also honorable in its scary, hurtling exactitude. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_99

... Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_100

There are startling point-of-view shots of torpedoes dropping into the water and speeding toward their targets, and though Bay visualizes it all with a minimum of graphic carnage, he invites us to register the terror of the men standing helplessly on deck, the horrifying split-second deliverance as bodies go flying and explosions reduce entire battleships to liquid walls of collapsing metal." Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_101

In his review for The New York Observer, Andrew Sarris wrote, "here is the ironic twist in my acceptance of Pearl Harbor – the parts I liked most are the parts before and after the digital destruction of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese carrier planes" and felt that "Pearl Harbor is not so much about World War II as it is about movies about World War II. Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_102

And what's wrong with that?" Pearl Harbor (film)_sentence_103

Accolades Pearl Harbor (film)_section_10

Other inconsistencies and anachronisms Pearl Harbor (film)_section_11

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Harbor (film).