Peter Scott

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For other people named Peter Scott, see Peter Scott (disambiguation). Peter Scott_sentence_0

Peter Scott_table_infobox_0

Sir Peter Scott

CH, CBE, DSC & Bar, FRS, FZSPeter Scott_header_cell_0_0_0

BornPeter Scott_header_cell_0_1_0 Peter Markham Scott

(1909-09-14)14 September 1909 London, EnglandPeter Scott_cell_0_1_1

DiedPeter Scott_header_cell_0_2_0 29 August 1989(1989-08-29) (aged 79)

Bristol, EnglandPeter Scott_cell_0_2_1

MonumentsPeter Scott_header_cell_0_3_0 Statue of Sir Peter Scott at the WWT London Wetland Centre, busts at each of the Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust centresPeter Scott_cell_0_3_1
OccupationPeter Scott_header_cell_0_4_0 Ornithologist, conservationist, aviculturist, painter, naval officer, broadcasterPeter Scott_cell_0_4_1
Spouse(s)Peter Scott_header_cell_0_5_0 Elizabeth Jane Howard

​ ​(m. 1942; div. 1951)​

Philippa Talbot-Ponsonby ​ ​(m. 1951)​Peter Scott_cell_0_5_1

ChildrenPeter Scott_header_cell_0_6_0 3Peter Scott_cell_0_6_1
Parent(s)Peter Scott_header_cell_0_7_0 Robert Falcon Scott

Kathleen BrucePeter Scott_cell_0_7_1

Sir Peter Markham Scott, CH, CBE, DSC & Bar, FRS, FZS (14 September 1909 – 29 August 1989) was a British ornithologist, conservationist, painter, naval officer, broadcaster and sportsman. Peter Scott_sentence_1

The only child of Antarctic explorer Robert Falcon Scott, he took an interest in observing and shooting wildfowl at a young age and later took to their breeding. Peter Scott_sentence_2

He established the Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust in Slimbridge in 1946 and helped found the World Wide Fund for Nature, the logo of which he designed. Peter Scott_sentence_3

He was a yachting enthusiast from an early age, and took up gliding seriously in mid-life. Peter Scott_sentence_4

He was part of the UK team for the 1936 Summer Olympics and won a bronze medal in the sailing event. Peter Scott_sentence_5

He was knighted in 1973 for his work in conservation of wild animals and was also a recipient of the WWF Gold Medal and the J. Peter Scott_sentence_6 Paul Getty Prize. Peter Scott_sentence_7

Early life Peter Scott_section_0

Scott was born in London at 174, Buckingham Palace Road, the only child of Antarctic explorer Robert Falcon Scott and sculptor Kathleen Bruce. Peter Scott_sentence_8

He was only two years old when his father died. Peter Scott_sentence_9

Robert Scott, in a last letter to his wife, advised her to "make the boy interested in natural history if you can; it is better than games." Peter Scott_sentence_10

He was named after Sir Clements Markham, mentor of Scott's polar expeditions, and a godfather along with J. Peter Scott_sentence_11 M. Barrie, creator of Peter Pan. Peter Scott_sentence_12

His mother Lady Scott remarried in 1922. Peter Scott_sentence_13

Her second husband Hilton Young (later Lord Kennet) became stepfather to Peter. Peter Scott_sentence_14

In 1923, a half brother Wayland Young was born. Peter Scott_sentence_15

Scott was educated at Oundle School and Trinity College, Cambridge, initially reading Natural Sciences but graduating in the History of Art in 1931. Peter Scott_sentence_16

Whilst at Cambridge he shared digs with John Berry and the two shared many views. Peter Scott_sentence_17

As a student he was also an active member of the Cambridge University Cruising Club, sailing against Oxford in the 1929 and 1930 Varsity Matches. Peter Scott_sentence_18

He studied art at the State Academy in Munich for a year followed by studies at the Royal Academy Schools, London. Peter Scott_sentence_19

One of the few non-wildlife paintings that he produced during his career, 'Dinghies Racing on Lake Ontario', is held by the Cambridge University Cruising Club. Peter Scott_sentence_20

Peter Scott_table_infobox_1

Olympic medal recordPeter Scott_header_cell_1_0_0
Men's sailingPeter Scott_header_cell_1_1_0
Peter Scott_cell_1_2_0 1936 Berlin/KielPeter Scott_cell_1_2_1 Monotype classPeter Scott_cell_1_2_2

Like his mother, he displayed a strong artistic talent and he became known as a painter of wildlife, particularly birds; he had his first exhibition in London in 1933. Peter Scott_sentence_21

His wealthy background allowed him to follow his interests in art, wildlife and many sports, including wildfowling, sailing, gliding and ice skating. Peter Scott_sentence_22

He represented Great Britain and Northern Ireland at sailing in the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games, winning a bronze medal in the olympic class monotype mixed (O-Jolle dinghy). Peter Scott_sentence_23

He also participated in the Prince of Wales Cup in 1938 during which he and his crew on the Thunder and Lightning dinghy designed a modified wearable harness (now known as a trapeze) that helped them win. Peter Scott_sentence_24

Second World War Peter Scott_section_1

During the Second World War, Scott served in the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve. Peter Scott_sentence_25

As a Sub-Lieutenant, during the failed evacuation of the 51st Highland Division he was the British Naval officer sent ashore at Saint-Valery-en-Caux in the early hours of 11 June 1940 to evacuate some of the wounded. Peter Scott_sentence_26

This was the last evacuation of British troops from the port area of St Valery that was not disrupted by enemy fire. Peter Scott_sentence_27

Then he served in destroyers in the North Atlantic but later moved to commanding the First (and only) Squadron of Steam Gun Boats against German E-boats in the English Channel. Peter Scott_sentence_28

Scott is credited with designing the Western Approaches ship camouflage scheme, which disguised the look of ship superstructure. Peter Scott_sentence_29

In July 1940, he managed to get the destroyer HMS Broke (D83) in which he was serving experimentally camouflaged, differently on the two sides. Peter Scott_sentence_30

To starboard, the ship was painted blue-grey all over, but with white in naturally shadowed areas as countershading, following the ideas of Abbott Handerson Thayer from the First World War. Peter Scott_sentence_31

To port, the ship was painted in "bright pale colours" to combine some disruption of shape with the ability to fade out during the night, again with shadowed areas painted white. Peter Scott_sentence_32

However, he later wrote that compromise was fatal to camouflage, and that invisibility at night (by painting ships in white or other pale colours) had to be the sole objective. Peter Scott_sentence_33

By May 1941, all ships in the Western Approaches (the North Atlantic) were ordered to be painted in Scott's camouflage scheme. Peter Scott_sentence_34

The scheme was said to be so effective that several British ships including HMS Broke collided with each other. Peter Scott_sentence_35

The effectiveness of Scott's and Thayer's ideas was demonstrated experimentally by the Leamington Camouflage Centre in 1941. Peter Scott_sentence_36

Under a cloudy overcast sky, the tests showed that a white ship could approach six miles (9.6 km) closer than a black-painted ship before being seen. Peter Scott_sentence_37

Postwar life Peter Scott_section_2

Scott stood as a Conservative in the 1945 general election in Wembley North and narrowly failed to be elected. Peter Scott_sentence_38

In 1946, he founded the organisation with which he was ever afterwards closely associated, the Severn Wildfowl Trust (now the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust) with its headquarters at Slimbridge in Gloucestershire. Peter Scott_sentence_39

There, through a captive breeding programme, he saved the nene or Hawaiian goose from extinction in the 1950s. Peter Scott_sentence_40

In the years that followed, he led ornithological expeditions worldwide, and became a television personality, popularising the study of wildfowl and wetlands. Peter Scott_sentence_41

His BBC natural history series, Look, ran from 1955 to 1969 and made him a household name. Peter Scott_sentence_42

It included the first BBC natural history film to be shown in colour, The Private Life of the Kingfisher (1968), which he narrated. Peter Scott_sentence_43

He wrote and illustrated several books on the subject, including his autobiography, The Eye of the Wind (1961). Peter Scott_sentence_44

In the 1950s, he also appeared regularly on BBC radio's Children's Hour, in the series, "Nature Parliament". Peter Scott_sentence_45

Scott took up gliding in 1956 and became a British champion in 1963. Peter Scott_sentence_46

He was chairman of the British Gliding Association (BGA) for two years from 1968 and was president of the Bristol & Gloucestershire Gliding Club. Peter Scott_sentence_47

He was responsible for involving Prince Philip in gliding. Peter Scott_sentence_48

He was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1956 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at the King's Theatre, Hammersmith, London. Peter Scott_sentence_49

As a member of the Species Survival Commission of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, he helped create the Red Data books, the group's lists of endangered species. Peter Scott_sentence_50

Scott was the founder President of the Society of Wildlife Artists and President of the Nature in Art Trust (a role in which his wife Philippa succeeded him). Peter Scott_sentence_51

Scott tutored numerous artists including Paul Karslake. Peter Scott_sentence_52

From 1973 to 1983, Scott was Chancellor of the University of Birmingham. Peter Scott_sentence_53

In 1979, he was awarded an Honorary Degree (Doctor of Science) from the University of Bath. Peter Scott_sentence_54

Scott continued with his love of sailing, skippering the 12-metre yacht Sovereign in the 1964 challenge for the America's Cup which was held by the United States. Peter Scott_sentence_55

Sovereign suffered a whitewash 4–0 defeat in a one-sided competition where the American boat was of a noticeably faster design. Peter Scott_sentence_56

From 1955 to 1969 he was the president of The International Yacht Racing Union (now World Sailing). Peter Scott_sentence_57

He was one of the founders of the World Wide Fund for Nature (formerly called the World Wildlife Fund), and designed its panda logo. Peter Scott_sentence_58

His pioneering work in conservation also contributed greatly to the shift in policy of the International Whaling Commission and signing of the Antarctic Treaty, the latter inspired by his visit to his father's base on Ross Island in Antarctica. Peter Scott_sentence_59

Scott was a long-time Vice-President of the British Naturalists' Association, whose Peter Scott Memorial Award was instituted after his death, to commemorate his achievements. Peter Scott_sentence_60

He died of a heart attack on 29 August 1989 in Bristol, two weeks before his 80th birthday. Peter Scott_sentence_61

Loch Ness Monster Peter Scott_section_3

In 1962, he co-founded the Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau with the then Conservative MP David James, who had previously been Polar Adviser on the 1948 film based on his late father's polar expedition Scott of the Antarctic. Peter Scott_sentence_62

In 1975 Scott proposed the scientific name of Nessiteras rhombopteryx for the Loch Ness Monster (based on a blurred underwater photograph of a supposed fin) so that it could be registered as an endangered species. Peter Scott_sentence_63

The name was based on the Ancient Greek for "the monster of Ness with the diamond shaped fin", but it was later pointed out by The Daily Telegraph to be an anagram of "Monster hoax by Sir Peter S". Peter Scott_sentence_64

Nessie researcher Robert H. Rines, who took two supposed pictures of the monster in the 1970s, responded by pointing out that the letters could also be read as an anagram for, "Yes, both pix are monsters, R." Peter Scott_sentence_65

Television documentaries Peter Scott_section_4

In June 2004, Scott and Sir David Attenborough were jointly profiled in the second of a three-part BBC Two series, The Way We Went Wild, about television wildlife presenters and were described as being largely responsible for the way that the British and much of the world views wildlife. Peter Scott_sentence_66

In 1996 Scott's life and work in wildlife conservation was celebrated in a major BBC Natural World documentary, produced by Andrew Cooper and narrated by Sir David Attenborough. Peter Scott_sentence_67

Filmed across three continents from Hawaii to the Russian arctic, In the Eye of the Wind was the BBC Natural History Unit's tribute to Scott and the organisation he founded, the Wildfowl and Wetland Trust, on its 50th anniversary. Peter Scott_sentence_68

Scott's life was also the subject of a BBC Four documentary called Peter Scott – A Passion for Nature produced in 2006 by Available Light Productions (Bristol). Peter Scott_sentence_69

Personal life Peter Scott_section_5

Scott married the novelist Elizabeth Jane Howard in 1942 and had a daughter, Nicola, born a year later. Peter Scott_sentence_70

Howard left Scott in 1946 and they were divorced in 1951. Peter Scott_sentence_71

In 1951, Scott married his assistant, Philippa Talbot-Ponsonby, while on an expedition to Iceland in search of the breeding grounds of the pink-footed goose. Peter Scott_sentence_72

A daughter, Dafila, was born later in the same year (dafila is the old scientific name for a pintail). Peter Scott_sentence_73

She, too, became an artist, painting birds. Peter Scott_sentence_74

A son, Falcon, was born in 1954. Peter Scott_sentence_75

Honours and decorations Peter Scott_section_6

On 8 July 1941, it was announced that Scott had been mentioned in despatches "for good services in rescuing survivors from a burning Vessel" while serving on HMS Broke. Peter Scott_sentence_76

On 2 October 1942, it was announced that he had been further mentioned in despatches "for gallantry, daring and skill in the combined attack on Dieppe". Peter Scott_sentence_77

On 1 June 1943, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) "for skill and gallantry in action with enemy light forces". Peter Scott_sentence_78

He was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the 1942 Birthday Honours. Peter Scott_sentence_79

He was promoted to Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 1953 Coronation Honours. Peter Scott_sentence_80

He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace on 27 February 1973. Peter Scott_sentence_81

In the 1987 Birthday Honours, he was appointed to the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) "for services to conservation". Peter Scott_sentence_82

Legacy Peter Scott_section_7

The Peter Scott Walk passes the mouth of the River Nene and follows the old sea bank along The Wash, from Peter Scott's lighthouse near Sutton Bridge in Lincolnshire to the ferry crossing at King's Lynn. Peter Scott_sentence_83

A Sir Peter Scott National Park is located in central Jamnagar, in Gujarat, India. Peter Scott_sentence_84

Jamnagar also has a . Peter Scott_sentence_85

These institutions in Jamnagar were founded as a result of the friendship between Peter Scott and Jam Sahib, the Indian ruler of Jamnagar at the time. Peter Scott_sentence_86

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Scott.