Pierre Bergé

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Pierre Bergé_table_infobox_0

Pierre BergéPierre Bergé_header_cell_0_0_0
BornPierre Bergé_header_cell_0_1_0 (1930-11-14)14 November 1930

Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron, FrancePierre Bergé_cell_0_1_1

DiedPierre Bergé_header_cell_0_2_0 8 September 2017(2017-09-08) (aged 86)

Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, FrancePierre Bergé_cell_0_2_1

NationalityPierre Bergé_header_cell_0_3_0 FrenchPierre Bergé_cell_0_3_1
OccupationPierre Bergé_header_cell_0_4_0 BusinessmanPierre Bergé_cell_0_4_1
Spouse(s)Pierre Bergé_header_cell_0_5_0 Madison Cox ​(m. 2017)​Pierre Bergé_cell_0_5_1
Partner(s)Pierre Bergé_header_cell_0_6_0 Yves Saint LaurentPierre Bergé_cell_0_6_1

Pierre Bergé (French: [pjɛːʁ bɛʁʒe; 14 November 1930 – 8 September 2017) was a French industrialist and patron. Pierre Bergé_sentence_0

He co-founded the fashion label Yves Saint Laurent, and was a longtime business partner (and onetime life partner) of the eponymous designer. Pierre Bergé_sentence_1

Early life and education Pierre Bergé_section_0

Bergé was born in Oléron (Charente-Maritime) on 14 November 1930. Pierre Bergé_sentence_2

His mother, Christiane, was a progressive teacher, who used the Montessori method. Pierre Bergé_sentence_3

His father worked for the tax office. Pierre Bergé_sentence_4

Bergé attended the Lycée Eugène Fromentin in La Rochelle, and, later, went to Paris. Pierre Bergé_sentence_5

On the day of his arrival, as he was walking on the Champs-Élysées, French poet Jacques Prévert landed on him following a fall from his apartment window. Pierre Bergé_sentence_6

During his early years in Paris, Bergé met both Albert Camus and Sartre through his involvement in leftist organisations, including editing a short-lived leftist magazine. Pierre Bergé_sentence_7

Bergé also befriended and dated the young French artist Bernard Buffet, and helped facilitate Buffet's success. Pierre Bergé_sentence_8

Career Pierre Bergé_section_1

Yves Saint Laurent Pierre Bergé_section_2

Main article: Yves Saint Laurent (designer) Pierre Bergé_sentence_9

Bergé met Yves Saint Laurent in 1958. Pierre Bergé_sentence_10

They became romantically involved and together launched Yves Saint Laurent Couture House in 1961. Pierre Bergé_sentence_11

The couple split amicably in 1976 and remained lifelong friends and business partners. Pierre Bergé_sentence_12

Bergé acted as CEO of Yves Saint Laurent Haute Couture until it closed in 2002. Pierre Bergé_sentence_13

Highly protective of and invested in the reputation and legacy of Saint Laurent Couture, Bergé was known as the "Dean of Yves Saint Laurent". Pierre Bergé_sentence_14

According to The New York Times, a few days before Saint Laurent died in 2008, he and Bergé were joined in a same-sex civil union known as a pacte civil de solidarité (PACS) in France. Pierre Bergé_sentence_15

When Saint Laurent was diagnosed with brain cancer, Bergé and the doctor mutually decided that it would be better for him not to know of his impending death. Pierre Bergé_sentence_16

Bergé said, "I have the belief that Yves would not have been strong enough to accept that." Pierre Bergé_sentence_17

In 1992, Bergé sold shares of the fashion house just before the company released a poor economic report. Pierre Bergé_sentence_18

In 1996, this action was deemed to be insider trading and he was sentenced to a fine of one million Francs. Pierre Bergé_sentence_19

After the close of the Couture house, Bergé became president of the Pierre Bergé-Yves Saint Laurent Foundation. Pierre Bergé_sentence_20

During Bergé's eulogy of Saint Laurent, he reflected on their lifetime of memories, saying; Pierre Bergé_sentence_21

Philanthropic, cultural, and political interests Pierre Bergé_section_3

Bergé has been described as a social liberal and a political conservative. Pierre Bergé_sentence_22

He voted for Valéry Giscard d’Estaing in the 1970s. Pierre Bergé_sentence_23

In 1988, Bergé launched the French magazine Globe, which supported the candidacy of François Mitterrand for the presidential election. Pierre Bergé_sentence_24

Bergé participated in all the campaign rallies of François Mitterrand (contrary to 1981, when he did not vote for Mitterrand). Pierre Bergé_sentence_25

Bergé later served as President of the association of the friends of Institut François-Mitterrand. Pierre Bergé_sentence_26

In 1993, he helped to launch the magazine Globe Hebdo. Pierre Bergé_sentence_27

A longtime fan and patron of opera, Mitterrand appointed Bergé president of Opéra Bastille on 31 August 1988. Pierre Bergé_sentence_28

He retired from the post in 1994, becoming honorary president of the Paris National Opera. Pierre Bergé_sentence_29

He served as president of the Médiathèque Musicale Mahler, a non-profit library with extensive collections relating to 19th and 20th century music. Pierre Bergé_sentence_30

He was also president of the Comité Jean Cocteau, and the exclusive owner of all the moral rights of all of Jean Cocteau's works. Pierre Bergé_sentence_31

A supporter of gay rights, he supported the association against AIDS, Act Up-Paris, and assumed ownership of the magazine Têtu. Pierre Bergé_sentence_32

He was also one of the shareholders of Pink TV, before withdrawing. Pierre Bergé_sentence_33

In 1994, he participated with Line Renaud in the creation of the AIDS association Sidaction, and he became its president in 1996 until his death. Pierre Bergé_sentence_34

Bergé's philanthropic patronages have included UNESCO. Pierre Bergé_sentence_35

In July 1992, Bergé was appointed a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador. Pierre Bergé_sentence_36

In 2007, he supported the candidacy of Ségolène Royal. Pierre Bergé_sentence_37

On a more general basis, he has been considered to be her sponsor. Pierre Bergé_sentence_38

For example, after late 2008, when she was no longer heading the French socialist party and he was paying for the rental of her political office located between the French Senate and House of Representants until this arrangement ceased on 3 March 2011. Pierre Bergé_sentence_39

The art collection of Yves Saint Laurent and Bergé was put up for sale by the latter in February 2009, with two of twelve bronze statue heads looted from the Old Summer Palace in China during the Second Opium War among them. Pierre Bergé_sentence_40

When China requested the return of these statues, Bergé refused and declared “I am prepared to offer this bronze head to the Chinese straight away. Pierre Bergé_sentence_41

All they have to do is to declare they are going to apply human rights, give the Tibetans back their freedom and agree to accept the Dalai Lama on their territory." Pierre Bergé_sentence_42

Bergé's self-admitted "political blackmail" was received with criticism in China. Pierre Bergé_sentence_43

After Chinese art collector, businessman, and advisor to the PRC's National Treasures Fund, Cai Mingchao placed the winning bid and refused to pay on "moral and patriotic grounds," Bergé decided to retain ownership of them. Pierre Bergé_sentence_44

Later on in a ceremony on 29 June 2013, François Pinault (CEO Kering) returned the artifacts to the Chinese National Museum, Beijing. Pierre Bergé_sentence_45

Bergé also set up the museum of Berber art in Marrakesh, Morocco, which holds a collection of Berber objects originating from many different parts of Morocco, from the Rif to the Sahara. Pierre Bergé_sentence_46

Bergé published a book, Lettres à Yves, in 2010 which was translated into English with the title, Yves Saint Laurent: A Morrocan Passion, in September 2014. Pierre Bergé_sentence_47

On 2 November 2010, he bought a stake in Le Monde newspaper, along with investors Matthieu Pigasse and Xavier Niel. Pierre Bergé_sentence_48

During the filming of Yves Saint Laurent in 2014, the Fondation Pierre Bergé — Yves Saint Laurent, which holds 7,000 vintage outfits from its archives, played an active role in providing authentic material and fashion of Saint Laurent. Pierre Bergé_sentence_49

Awards Pierre Bergé_section_4

Bergé was recognized with the Order of Orange-Nassau, Officer of the Ordre National du Mérite, Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres, and Legion of Honor. Pierre Bergé_sentence_50

Positions Pierre Bergé_section_5

In November 2009, Bergé claimed to be suffering from myopathy. Pierre Bergé_sentence_51

He triggered a controversy by accusing the Telethon of "parasitising the generosity of French people in a populist manner." Pierre Bergé_sentence_52

Accused above all of not using donations immediately and making real estate investments, the French Association against Myopathies (AFM), which organises the charitable program, denies Bergé's accusations. Pierre Bergé_sentence_53

Following the repeated attacks by the businessman, the AFM filed a complaint for defamation in February 2010. Pierre Bergé_sentence_54

On 28 June 2013, the 17th Chamber of the Paris Criminal Court sentenced him to a €1,500 fine. Pierre Bergé_sentence_55

On 16 March 2013, on Twitter, Bergé retweeted the following message: "If a bomb explodes on the Champs Elysees because of the "#laManifPourTous", I won't be the one crying." Pierre Bergé_sentence_56

This retweet triggered strong reactions because, according to the "Manif Pour Tous" organisation, it is an incitement to acts of terrorism. Pierre Bergé_sentence_57

On 21 June, he appeared on the TV show Le Petit Journal, and mentioned this episode, declaring that he was "non-violent". Pierre Bergé_sentence_58

During the debate on same-sex marriage, Bergé supported the idea of gestational surrogacy and controversially said "rent her womb for a child or lease her arms to work in a factory, what's the difference? Pierre Bergé_sentence_59

", provoking an outcry by same-sex marriage supporters who go against such positions. Pierre Bergé_sentence_60

On 26 September 2013, Bergé declared he was in favor of the removal of all Christian holidays in France. Pierre Bergé_sentence_61

In March 2016, Bergé expressed his position on "modest fashion" in an interview with French Radio Station Europe 1, saying, "I am scandalized. Pierre Bergé_sentence_62

Creators should have nothing to do with Islamic fashion. Pierre Bergé_sentence_63

Designers are there to make women more beautiful, to give them their freedom, not to collaborate with this dictatorship which imposes this abominable thing by which we hide women and make them live a hidden life... Pierre Bergé_sentence_64

In one way they are complicit, and all this to make money. Pierre Bergé_sentence_65

Principles should come before money." Pierre Bergé_sentence_66

Personal life Pierre Bergé_section_6

Bergé's long time partner was Yves Saint Laurent. Pierre Bergé_sentence_67

In 2008, Bergé married Yves Saint Laurent. Pierre Bergé_sentence_68

On March 31, 2017, Bergé married Madison Cox, a landscape architect and gardener, in Paris, France. Pierre Bergé_sentence_69

Bergé died of myopathy on 8 September 2017, in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, at the age of 86. Pierre Bergé_sentence_70

See also Pierre Bergé_section_7

Pierre Bergé_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre Bergé.