President of Albania

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President of Albania_table_infobox_0

President of the

Republic of Albania

Presidenti i Republikës së ShqipërisëPresident of Albania_header_cell_0_0_0

StylePresident of Albania_header_cell_0_1_0 President
His ExcellencyPresident of Albania_cell_0_1_1
ResidencePresident of Albania_header_cell_0_2_0 Pallati PresidencialPresident of Albania_cell_0_2_1
SeatPresident of Albania_header_cell_0_3_0 TiranaPresident of Albania_cell_0_3_1
AppointerPresident of Albania_header_cell_0_4_0 ParliamentPresident of Albania_cell_0_4_1
Term lengthPresident of Albania_header_cell_0_5_0 Five years

Renewable oncePresident of Albania_cell_0_5_1

Inaugural holderPresident of Albania_header_cell_0_6_0 Ahmet Zogu (Albanian Republic)
Ramiz Alia (Republic of Albania)President of Albania_cell_0_6_1
FormationPresident of Albania_header_cell_0_7_0 30 April 1991President of Albania_cell_0_7_1
SalaryPresident of Albania_header_cell_0_8_0 1,425 € per monthPresident of Albania_cell_0_8_1
WebsitePresident of Albania_header_cell_0_9_0 President of Albania_cell_0_9_1

The president of Albania (Albanian: Presidenti i Shqipërisë), officially styled President of the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës së Shqipërisë) is the head of state, commander-in-chief of the military and the representative of the unity of the Albanian people. President of Albania_sentence_0

The president has the power to set the date of the elections for the Parliament as well as referendum, grants pardons and awards. President of Albania_sentence_1

In case of incapability to discharge duties of office, the Chairperson of the Parliament assumes the office of acting president until the president resumes duty, or until election of a new president. President of Albania_sentence_2

The Office of the President of Albania consists of the immediate staff of the president of the country, as well as support staff reporting to the president. President of Albania_sentence_3

The office is seated in the Presidential Office in the capital city Tirana. President of Albania_sentence_4

The Constitution of Albania defines the appearance and use of the presidential standard, flown on buildings of the Office of the President, the residence of the president, the transportation vehicles when in use by the president, and in other ceremonial occasions. President of Albania_sentence_5

The spouse of the president is recognized as the first lady of Albania, but holds no official role in the presidency. President of Albania_sentence_6

She often plays a protocol role at the Presidential Palace and during official visits. President of Albania_sentence_7

The president is elected through a secret vote and without debate by the Parliament of Albania by a majority of three-fifths of all its members and is elected for 5 years. President of Albania_sentence_8

However, the Constitution of Albania sets a limit to a maximum of two terms in office. President of Albania_sentence_9

The president-elect is required to take an oath of office before the members of the Parliament of Albania. President of Albania_sentence_10

The 7th and current officeholder is Ilir Meta of the Socialist Movement for Integration who took office on July 24, 2017. President of Albania_sentence_11

History President of Albania_section_0

See also: List of heads of state of Albania President of Albania_sentence_12

Albania has experienced different models of governance, including an international protectorate, a monarchy, a state-party regime and the parliamentary republic as well. President of Albania_sentence_13

Throughout all this period the function of the president of Albania and head of state has been exercised in various forms. President of Albania_sentence_14

The first government after the independence was headed by Ismail Qemali, who also enjoyed the competences of the head of state. President of Albania_sentence_15

On 6 February 1914, Prince Wilhelm Wied was appointed as head of state by the Ambassadors Conference. President of Albania_sentence_16

From September 1914 until January 1920, Albania was transformed into a battle field and experienced the change of a number of governments, where the post of the head of state was played by different governments regencies. President of Albania_sentence_17

On 8 January 1920 the Congress of Lushnjë elected the 'High Council' composed by four members, one of whom would exercise the functions of the head of state by introducing and bringing back the parliamentarian way of governance. President of Albania_sentence_18

In 1924, Fan Noli was elected as head of government while exercising at the same time the functions of the head of state. President of Albania_sentence_19

After the frequent changes in governance, the Parliament of Albania approved and passed the republican form of regime on 25 January 1925 and elected Zog I of Albania as the president of Albania. President of Albania_sentence_20

The nation was proclaimed a monarchy and Ahmet Zogu was crowned the King of Albanians on 28 September 1928. President of Albania_sentence_21

After Albania was occupied by Italy in April 1939 and the unification of the two countries, Victor Emmanuel III became the King of Albania. President of Albania_sentence_22

From 1943 to 1944 the regencies governance was introduced once again under the German occupation. President of Albania_sentence_23

The end of the second World War and the liberation of Albania that took place in 1944 were followed by the holding of the first parliamentary elections in December 1945 and also by the transformation of the head of state's function into a collegial body, the Presidium of the Parliament of Albania. President of Albania_sentence_24

During the communism from 11 January 1946 until 12 December 1990, the functions of the head of state were carried out by Omer Nishani from 10 January 1946 to 1 August 1953, by Haxhi Lleshi from 1 August 1953 to 22 November 1982 and by Ramiz Alia from 22 November 1982 to 22 February 1991. President of Albania_sentence_25

The 'Presidential Council', headed by Ramiz Alia was founded on 22 February 1991 and it lasted until 30 April 1991. President of Albania_sentence_26

The election of the first president of the parliamentary Republic of Albania on 30 April 1991 by a multi political parties Assembly, marked the foundation of the constitutional institution of the president of Albania. President of Albania_sentence_27

Elections President of Albania_section_1

See also: Albanian presidential election, 2017 President of Albania_sentence_28

Following the disintegration of the communist regime, the first multi-party elections in Albania were held in 1991, simultaneously with the 1991 parliamentary elections. President of Albania_sentence_29

The result was a victory for Ramiz Alia of the Socialist Party of Albania (PS), who received 56.2% of the vote in the third round of the elections, ahead of 3 other candidates. President of Albania_sentence_30

Sali Berisha, the Democratic Party of Albania (PD) candidate and runner-up in the election, received almost 38.7% of the vote. President of Albania_sentence_31

After the collapse of a coalition government in December 1991 and the Democratic Party of Albania's (PD) landslide victory in the spring 1992 general election, Ramiz Alia resigned as the president on 3 April 1992. President of Albania_sentence_32

One year later, the second presidential elections were held on 22 March 1992. President of Albania_sentence_33

The result was a victory for Sali Berisha of the Democratic Party of Albania (PD), who received 57.3% of the vote in the second round of the elections, ahead of 5 other candidates. President of Albania_sentence_34

The fifth presidential elections were held on 24 June 2002. President of Albania_sentence_35

The result was a victory for Alfred Moisiu of the Democratic Party of Albania (PD), who was elected by the Parliament of Albania through a vote of 97 to 19. President of Albania_sentence_36

The sixth presidential elections were held on 20 June 2007 with almost four rounds. President of Albania_sentence_37

In the first round on 20 June 2007 and 27 June 2007, no candidate was presented. President of Albania_sentence_38

The Government of Albania and the opposition presented their proposed candidate lists on 5 July 2007, but did not accept either list. President of Albania_sentence_39

Afterwards, on 14 July 2007 the third round were held. President of Albania_sentence_40

At least in the fourth round on 20 July, Bamir Topi won the election. President of Albania_sentence_41

The seventh presidential elections were held on 30 May 2012 with four rounds until 11 June 2012. President of Albania_sentence_42

The first through third rounds of voting were inconclusive. President of Albania_sentence_43

In the fourth round, the result was a victory for Bujar Nishani of the Democratic Party of Albania (PD). President of Albania_sentence_44

The most recent and eighth presidential elections were held on 19, 20, 27 and 28 April 2017. President of Albania_sentence_45

In the fourth round the incumbent Chairman of the Parliament of Albania, Ilir Meta was elected as seventh president of Albania with 87 votes. President of Albania_sentence_46

Powers, duties and responsibilities President of Albania_section_2

See also: Constitution of Albania, Politics of Albania, and Military of Albania President of Albania_sentence_47

As of Article 89 of the Albanian Constitution sets the following qualifications for holding the presidency, to be a natural-born citizen of the Albanian Republic, to be at least forty years old and to be a resident in the Republic of Albania for at least ten years. President of Albania_sentence_48

The president of Albania, officially styled President of the Republic of Albania represents the unity of the Albanian people in the country and abroad as the head of state. President of Albania_sentence_49

The president begins his duties officially after he takes the oath before the Parliament, but not before the mandate of the president who is leaving has been completed. President of Albania_sentence_50

The president of Albania is the supreme commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Albania and appoints and relieves military commanders of duty, conforming to applicable legislation. President of Albania_sentence_51

Furthermore, the Chief of the General Staff is appointed as well by the president. President of Albania_sentence_52

The Constitution, states that the president addresses messages to the Parliament, exercises the right of pardon according to the law, grants Albanian citizenship and permits it to be given up according to the law, gives decorations and titles of honor according to the law, accords the highest military rank according to the law, on the proposal of the Prime Minister, he appoints and withdraws plenipotentiary representatives of the Republic of Albania to other states and international organizations, accepts letters of credentials and the withdrawal of diplomatic representatives of other states and international organization accredited to him, signs international agreements according to the law, upon proposal of the Prime Minister, he appoints the Director of the National Security Department, nominates rectors of universities upon proposal of their council's representatives, sets the date of the elections for the Parliament, for the organs of local power and for the conduct of a referendum and requests opinions and information in writing from the directors of state institutions for issues that have to do with their duties. President of Albania_sentence_53

Oath President of Albania_section_3

Before assuming presidential duty, the president-elect is required to take an oath of office before the Parliament, swearing loyalty to the Constitution. President of Albania_sentence_54

The text of the oath in its Albanian form is sensitive to gender and all nouns always retain a neutral form. President of Albania_sentence_55

The president-elect takes the following oath of office, specified by the Constitution: President of Albania_sentence_56

Office and residence President of Albania_section_4

Main articles: Presidential Office and Presidential Palace President of Albania_sentence_57

The Presidential Office (Albanian: Presidenca) is the official workplace of the president. President of Albania_sentence_58

It consists of the immediate staff of the president, as well as support staff reporting to the president. President of Albania_sentence_59

Since the collapse of communism, the building was used as the Office of the president, having been used for this purpose uninterrupted up to this day. President of Albania_sentence_60

The building consists three floors where two entrance gates lead an oval driveway from the Dëshmorët e Kombit Boulevard. President of Albania_sentence_61

The Presidential Palace (Albanian: Pallati presidencial), popularly known as the Palace of Brigades (Albanian: Pallati i Brigadave), is the official residence of the president of Albania. President of Albania_sentence_62

The Palace was commissioned by King Zog I of Albania to serve as his main official residence. President of Albania_sentence_63

After the second World War it has been used by the Government of Albania for holding official ceremonies and state receptions. President of Albania_sentence_64

Due to its location near the Grand Park of Tirana, its gardens are quite extensive. President of Albania_sentence_65

It is surrounded by trees for nearly 200 metres and decorated in patterns and shapes of various designs. President of Albania_sentence_66

In addition the Palace was designed by Italian well-known architect Gherardo Bosio. President of Albania_sentence_67

List of presidents (1925–present) President of Albania_section_5

First Lady of Albania President of Albania_section_6

Main article: First Lady of Albania President of Albania_sentence_68

The title First Lady of Albania is an unofficial title; it is not an elected one, carries no official duties, and receives no salary. President of Albania_sentence_69

Nonetheless, first ladies have held a highly visible position in Albanian society. President of Albania_sentence_70

The role has evolved over the years, but she is, first and foremost, the spouse of the president. President of Albania_sentence_71

However, she accompanies the president in state and official visits abroad the borders of Albania. President of Albania_sentence_72

She generally oversees the administration of Presidential Palace, the mansion that serves as the official residence, while the Presidenca serves as the official office. President of Albania_sentence_73

They also organize events and civic programs, and typically get involved in different charities and social causes. President of Albania_sentence_74

President of Albania_table_general_1

BirthnamePresident of Albania_header_cell_1_0_0 Relation to the presidentPresident of Albania_header_cell_1_0_1
Geraldine Apponyi*President of Albania_cell_1_1_0 future wife of President Ahmet ZoguPresident of Albania_cell_1_1_1
Semiramis Xhuvani*President of Albania_cell_1_2_0 wife of future President Ramiz AliaPresident of Albania_cell_1_2_1
Lirie RamajPresident of Albania_cell_1_3_0 wife of President Sali BerishaPresident of Albania_cell_1_3_1
Lidra KaragjoziPresident of Albania_cell_1_4_0 wife of President Rexhep MeidaniPresident of Albania_cell_1_4_1
Milica Niça*President of Albania_cell_1_5_0 wife of future President Alfred MoisiuPresident of Albania_cell_1_5_1
Teuta MemaPresident of Albania_cell_1_6_0 wife of President Bamir TopiPresident of Albania_cell_1_6_1
Odeta KosovaPresident of Albania_cell_1_7_0 wife of President Bujar NishaniPresident of Albania_cell_1_7_1
Monika Kryemadhi*President of Albania_cell_1_8_0 wife of President Ilir MetaPresident of Albania_cell_1_8_1
  • Geraldine Apponyi married Ahmet Zogu a decade later. President of Albania_sentence_75
  • Semiramis Xhuvani, the daughter of prominent scholar Aleksandër Xhuvani died before her husband took office of the presidency. President of Albania_sentence_76
  • Milica Niça was deceased when Alfred Moisiu became President of the Republic, his youngest daughter Mirela Moisiu carried the First Lady duties. President of Albania_sentence_77
  • Monika Kryemadhi, as a Member of Parliament and the leader of the second largest opposition party LSI, refused to take on the duties of the First Lady therefore the couple's eldest child and daughter Bora Meta is carrying on as First Lady. President of Albania_sentence_78

See also President of Albania_section_7

President of Albania_unordered_list_0


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President of Albania.