Province House (Nova Scotia)

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This article is about legislative building for Nova Scotia. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_0

For other uses, see Province House (disambiguation). Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_1

Province House (Nova Scotia)_table_infobox_0

Province HouseProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_0_0
General informationProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_1_0
Architectural styleProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_2_0 PalladianProvince House (Nova Scotia)_cell_0_2_1
Town or cityProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_3_0 Halifax, Nova ScotiaProvince House (Nova Scotia)_cell_0_3_1
CountryProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_4_0 CanadaProvince House (Nova Scotia)_cell_0_4_1
Construction startedProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_5_0 1811Province House (Nova Scotia)_cell_0_5_1
OpenedProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_6_0 1819Province House (Nova Scotia)_cell_0_6_1
Design and constructionProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_7_0
ArchitectProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_8_0 John MerrickProvince House (Nova Scotia)_cell_0_8_1
National Historic Site of CanadaProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_10_0
Official nameProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_11_0 Province House National Historic Site of CanadaProvince House (Nova Scotia)_cell_0_11_1
DesignatedProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_12_0 1993Province House (Nova Scotia)_cell_0_12_1
Nova Scotia Heritage Property ActProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_14_0
TypeProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_15_0 Provincially Registered PropertyProvince House (Nova Scotia)_cell_0_15_1
DesignatedProvince House (Nova Scotia)_header_cell_0_16_0 1983Province House (Nova Scotia)_cell_0_16_1

Province House in Halifax is where the Nova Scotia legislative assembly, known officially as the Nova Scotia House of Assembly, has met every year since 1819, making it the longest serving legislative building in Canada. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_2

The building is Canada's oldest house of government. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_3

Standing three storeys tall, the structure is considered one of the finest examples of Palladian architecture in North America. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_4

History Province House (Nova Scotia)_section_0

Province House was built on the same location as the previous Governor's House, erected by Edward Cornwallis in 1749. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_5

(Cornwallis' table remains in the bedroom of Province House.) Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_6

Province House was opened for the first time on February 11, 1819. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_7

One of the smallest functioning legislatures in North America, Province House originally housed the executive, legislative and judicial functions of the colony, all in one building. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_8

The Supreme Court of Nova Scotia held its sessions in Province House (in what is today the legislative library). Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_9

Most notably, Joseph Howe, a journalist and later Premier of Nova Scotia, was put on trial on a charge of criminal libel on March 2, 1835, at Province House. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_10

Howe had published an anonymous letter accusing Halifax politicians and police of pocketing £30,000 over a thirty-year period, and outraged civic politicians had subsequently seen to it that Howe was charged with seditious libel. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_11

The presiding judge called for Howe's conviction, but Howe's passionate speech in his own defence swayed the jury and the jurors acquitted him in what is considered a landmark case in the struggle for a free press in Canada. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_12

On January 20, 1842, English author Charles Dickens attended the opening of the Nova Scotia Legislature. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_13

He said that it was like looking at Westminster through the wrong end of a telescope. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_14

During 1848, Province House was the site for the first form of responsible government in the British Empire outside the United Kingdom. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_15

The building is located in downtown Halifax on a block bordered by Hollis, Granville, George and Prince streets. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_16

Led by the efforts of Joseph Howe, the Anti-Confederation Party won a resounding majority in the first election held after Nova Scotia joined the Confederation of Canada on July 1, 1867. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_17

Province House was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1996, in recognition of its status as the longest serving legislative building in Canada, and the role it played in the development of responsible government and freedom of the press in the country. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_18

It is also a Provincially Registered Property under provincial heritage legislation. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_19

Legislative Assembly Province House (Nova Scotia)_section_1

Main article: Nova Scotia House of Assembly Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_20

Province House is the home of the House of Assembly, Nova Scotia's elected legislative assembly. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_21

In 1908 and 2008, there were significant official celebrations in Nova Scotia and Canada to mark the 150th and 250th anniversary of the birth of parliamentary democracy (i.e., representative government) in Canada, which started in Nova Scotia. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_22

The first event was marked by the creation of the Dingle Tower and the second by a year-long celebration the birth of parliamentary democracy in Canada. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_23

The celebration was entitled Democracy 250. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_24

On October 2, 1758, the Nova Scotia House of Assembly met for the first time in a modest wooden building at the corner of Argyle and Buckingham streets in Halifax. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_25

It was an assembly of twenty-two men, who came together to deliberate as a parliament on questions affecting the colony. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_26

With voting limited to Protestant, free-land holding males, it was a modest beginning, and their influence with the British-appointed Governor was questionable. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_27

It was the first elected assembly of its kind in what eventually became Canada. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_28

On January 31, 1837, Simon d'Entremont and Frederick A. Robicheau became the first Acadians elected to the House of Assembly (Joseph Winniett, whose mother was Acadian, was elected to the Assembly in 1761). Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_29

(Two months later, on March 24, 1837, black men in Canada were given the right to vote.) Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_30

in 1893, Edith Archibald and others made the first official attempt to have a suffrage bill for women property holders passed in Nova Scotia, which was passed by the legislature but quashed by Attorney General James Wilberforce Longley (who opposed unions and female emancipation for the twenty years he was in office). Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_31

On April 26, 1918, as a result of the Local Council of Women of Halifax (LCWH), the House of Assembly passed The Nova Scotia Franchise Act, which gave women the right to vote in Nova Scotia's provincial elections, the first province to do so in Atlantic Canada. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_32

(A month later Nova Scotian and Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden – whose wife Laura Bond was former president of the LCWH – used his majority to pass women's suffrage for the whole country.) Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_33

Almost forty-three years later, on February 1, 1961, Gladys Porter was the first woman elected to the Assembly. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_34

In 1993, Wayne Adams is elected the first Black member of the Assembly. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_35

The Nova Scotia legislature was the third in Canada to pass human rights legislation (1963). Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_36

Province House (Nova Scotia)_unordered_list_0

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The Library (former Supreme Court) Province House (Nova Scotia)_section_2

The Legislative Library, located on the second floor between the Red Chamber and Legislative Assembly, was originally the home of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia, until the court outgrew the space. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_37

The first important trial in the court was against Richard John Uniacke Jr. for killing William Bowie in the last lethal duel in Nova Scotia (1819). Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_38

The Supreme Court chamber was the site of Joseph Howe's 1835 trial for seditious libel. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_39

On March 2, 1835, newspaper editor Joseph Howe defended himself at trial in the present-day library for seditious libel by civic politicians in Nova Scotia. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_40

Many scholars consider Howe's success in this case a landmark event in the evolution of press freedom in Canada. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_41

The Red Chamber Province House (Nova Scotia)_section_3

The Red Chamber was formerly the meeting place of the Nova Scotia Council and later the Legislative Council, the upper house of Nova Scotia's legislature. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_42

The Legislative Council was appointed by the governor and was abolished in 1928. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_43

Now the room is used for receptions and other meetings. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_44

Province House (Nova Scotia)_unordered_list_1

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Court Yard Province House (Nova Scotia)_section_4

Province House is flanked with two prominent statues. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_45

To the north of Province House is the South African War Memorial by Hamilton MacCarthy to the Second Boer War. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_46

(MacCarthy also made the South African War Monument in the Halifax Public Gardens and the statue to Harold Lothrop Borden.) Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_47

On one of the panels is a sculpture of the Battle of Witpoort, made famous by the death of Nova Scotian Harold Lothrop Borden. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_48

To the south of Province House is a statue to the Honourable Joseph Howe, created by famed Quebec sculptor Louis-Philippe Hébert. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_49

On the north side of Province House is a cannon from HMS Shannon, and on the south side is a cannon of the American vessel Shannon captured in the War of 1812, USS Chesapeake. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_50

Province House (Nova Scotia)_unordered_list_2

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Other art work Province House (Nova Scotia)_section_5

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Canadian Prime Ministers from Nova Scotia Province House (Nova Scotia)_section_6

Province House (Nova Scotia)_unordered_list_4

  • Province House (Nova Scotia)_item_4_19

There are also portraits of former prime ministers John Sparrow David Thompson by Thomas Forrestall and Sir Robert Borden by Walter H. Cox. Province House (Nova Scotia)_sentence_51

See also Province House (Nova Scotia)_section_7

Province House (Nova Scotia)_unordered_list_5

Other readings Province House (Nova Scotia)_section_8

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: House (Nova Scotia).