Pygmalion (mythology)

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For other uses, see Pygmalion (disambiguation). Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_0

Pygmalion (mythology)_table_infobox_0

PygmalionPygmalion (mythology)_header_cell_0_0_0
In-universe informationPygmalion (mythology)_header_cell_0_1_0
GenderPygmalion (mythology)_header_cell_0_2_0 MalePygmalion (mythology)_cell_0_2_1
OccupationPygmalion (mythology)_header_cell_0_3_0 King and sculptorPygmalion (mythology)_cell_0_3_1
SpousePygmalion (mythology)_header_cell_0_4_0 An ivory sculpturePygmalion (mythology)_cell_0_4_1
ChildrenPygmalion (mythology)_header_cell_0_5_0 YesPygmalion (mythology)_cell_0_5_1
OriginPygmalion (mythology)_header_cell_0_6_0 CyprusPygmalion (mythology)_cell_0_6_1

Pygmalion (/pɪɡˈmeɪliən/; Ancient Greek: Πυγμαλίων Pugmalíōn, gen.: Πυγμαλίωνος) is a legendary figure of Cyprus in Greek mythology who was a king and a sculptor. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_1

Though Pygmalion is the Greek version of the Phoenician royal name Pumayyaton, he is most familiar from Ovid's narrative poem Metamorphoses, in which Pygmalion was a sculptor who fell in love with a statue he had carved. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_2

In Ovid Pygmalion (mythology)_section_0

In book 10 of Ovid's Metamorphoses, Pygmalion was a Cypriot sculptor who carved a woman out of ivory. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_3

According to Ovid, after seeing the Propoetides prostituting themselves, Pygmalion declared that he was "not interested in women", but then found his statue was so beautiful and realistic that he fell in love with it. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_4

In time, Aphrodite's festival day came, and Pygmalion made offerings at the altar of Aphrodite. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_5

There, too scared to admit his desire, he quietly wished for a bride who would be "the living likeness of my ivory girl." Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_6

When he returned home, he kissed his ivory statue, and found that its lips felt warm. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_7

He kissed it again, and found that the ivory had lost its hardness. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_8

Aphrodite had granted Pygmalion's wish. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_9

Pygmalion married the ivory sculpture which changed to a woman under Aphrodite's blessing. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_10

In Ovid's narrative, they had a daughter, Paphos, from whom the city's name is derived. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_11

In some versions Paphos was a son, and they also had a daughter, Metharme. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_12

Ovid's mention of Paphos suggests that he was drawing on a more circumstantial account than the source for a passing mention of Pygmalion in Pseudo-Apollodorus' Bibliotheke, a Hellenic mythography of the 2nd-century AD. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_13

Perhaps he drew on the lost narrative by Philostephanus that was paraphrased by Clement of Alexandria. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_14

In the story of Dido, Pygmalion is an evil king. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_15

Parallels in Greek myth Pygmalion (mythology)_section_1

The story of the breath of life in a statue has parallels in the examples of Daedalus, who used quicksilver to install a voice in his statues; of Hephaestus, who created automata for his workshop; of Talos, an artificial man of bronze; and (according to Hesiod) of Pandora, who was made from clay at the behest of Zeus. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_16

The moral anecdote of the "Apega of Nabis", recounted by the historian Polybius, described a supposed mechanical simulacrum of the tyrant's wife, that crushed victims in her embrace. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_17

The trope of a sculpture so lifelike that it seemed about to move was a commonplace with writers on works of art in antiquity. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_18

This trope was inherited by writers on art after the Renaissance. Pygmalion (mythology)_sentence_19

Reinterpretations Pygmalion (mythology)_section_2

See also Pygmalion (mythology)_section_3

Pygmalion (mythology)_unordered_list_0

Explanatory notes Pygmalion (mythology)_section_4

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: (mythology).