Qira County

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Qira County_table_infobox_0

Qira County

چىرا ناھىيىسى 策勒县 Chira, Cele, Ts'e-leQira County_header_cell_0_0_0

CountryQira County_header_cell_0_1_0 People's Republic of ChinaQira County_cell_0_1_1
Autonomous regionQira County_header_cell_0_2_0 XinjiangQira County_cell_0_2_1
PrefectureQira County_header_cell_0_3_0 Hotan PrefectureQira County_cell_0_3_1
Township-level divisionsQira County_header_cell_0_4_0 2 towns, 6 townshipsQira County_cell_0_4_1
AreaQira County_header_cell_0_5_0
TotalQira County_header_cell_0_6_0 31,688.01 km (12,234.81 sq mi)Qira County_cell_0_6_1
ElevationQira County_header_cell_0_7_0 1,500−7,282 m (4,900−23,981 ft)Qira County_cell_0_7_1
Population (2015)Qira County_header_cell_0_8_0
TotalQira County_header_cell_0_9_0 166,735Qira County_cell_0_9_1
DensityQira County_header_cell_0_10_0 5.3/km (14/sq mi)Qira County_cell_0_10_1
Ethnic groupsQira County_header_cell_0_11_0
Major ethnic groupsQira County_header_cell_0_12_0 UyghurQira County_cell_0_12_1
Time zoneQira County_header_cell_0_13_0 UTC+8 (China Standard)Qira County_cell_0_13_1
Postal codeQira County_header_cell_0_14_0 848300Qira County_cell_0_14_1
WebsiteQira County_header_cell_0_15_0 (in Chinese)Qira County_cell_0_15_1

Qira County_table_infobox_1

Qira CountyQira County_header_cell_1_0_0
Uyghur nameQira County_header_cell_1_1_0
UyghurQira County_header_cell_1_2_0 چىرا ناھىيىسى‎Qira County_cell_1_2_1
TranscriptionsLatin YëziqiChira NahiyisiYengi YeziⱪQira Nah̡iyisiSASM/GNCQira NahiyisiSiril YëziqiЧира НаһийисиQira County_cell_1_3_0
TranscriptionsQira County_header_cell_1_4_0
Latin YëziqiQira County_header_cell_1_5_0 Chira NahiyisiQira County_cell_1_5_1
Yengi YeziⱪQira County_header_cell_1_6_0 Qira Nah̡iyisiQira County_cell_1_6_1
SASM/GNCQira County_header_cell_1_7_0 Qira NahiyisiQira County_cell_1_7_1
Siril YëziqiQira County_header_cell_1_8_0 Чира НаһийисиQira County_cell_1_8_1
Chinese nameQira County_header_cell_1_9_0
Simplified ChineseQira County_header_cell_1_10_0 Qira County_cell_1_10_1
Traditional ChineseQira County_header_cell_1_11_0 Qira County_cell_1_11_1
TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinCèlè XiànWade–GilesTsʻê⁴-lê⁴ Hsien⁴Qira County_cell_1_12_0
TranscriptionsQira County_header_cell_1_13_0
Standard MandarinQira County_header_cell_1_14_0
Hanyu PinyinQira County_header_cell_1_15_0 Cèlè XiànQira County_cell_1_15_1
Wade–GilesQira County_header_cell_1_16_0 Tsʻê⁴-lê⁴ Hsien⁴Qira County_cell_1_16_1

Qira County (Uyghur: چىرا ناھىيىسى), alternatively Chira or Cele (from Mandarin Chinese), is a county in Hotan Prefecture, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China. Qira County_sentence_0

Almost all the residents of the county are Uyghurs and live around oases situated between the desolate Taklamakan Desert and Kunlun Mountains. Qira County_sentence_1

The county is bordered to the north by Aksu Prefecture, to the east by Yutian / Keriya County, to the northwest by Lop County, to the southwest by Hotan County including the China-India disputed Aksai Chin area and to the south by Rutog County, Ngari Prefecture in Tibet. Qira County_sentence_2

History Qira County_section_0

The sixth century Dandan Oilik oasis town archaeological site where Buddhist shrines and texts were discovered is located in the desert of northern Qira (Chira) County. Qira County_sentence_3

Qira town (Chira), the town that is the current county seat of Qira County, has been forced to change locations on three occasions due to encroachment by the sands of the Taklamakan Desert. Qira County_sentence_4

In his 1900-01 expedition in the region, Aurel Stein travelled across the northern section of today's Qira County, a section of the Taklamakan Desert between today's Lop County and the Keriya River. Qira County_sentence_5

There were several wells along the course he took. Qira County_sentence_6

Qira County was divided from Yutian / Keriya County in 1928/9. Qira County_sentence_7

In the thirty years between the 1950s and 1980s, a significant area of farmland near the county seat was taken into the desert by blown sand. Qira County_sentence_8

Since the founding of Xinjiang Autonomous Region in 1955, Qira County has been part of Hotan Prefecture. Qira County_sentence_9

In the 1980s, 446 households living in the county seat were forced to relocate due to the effects of desertification which had brought the Taklamakan Desert within 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) km of their homes, sometimes burying homes in sand overnight. Qira County_sentence_10

In 1983, the Qira research station of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was founded to combat drift sand. Qira County_sentence_11

A transitional zone was established with help from the scientists at the station, and the sands were pushed back over 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). Qira County_sentence_12

In 2005, a small 1,500 year-old Buddhist temple was discovered 7 km (4.3 mi) from Damiku (Damagou). Qira County_sentence_13

On October 20, 2014, Damiku (Damagou) was changed from a township to a town. Qira County_sentence_14

On January 7, 2016, areas near Nur, Bostan and Ulughsay townships in Qira County were made part of the newly created Kunyu. Qira County_sentence_15

On February 28, 2017, it was announced by the county government that those who reported others for stitching the 'star and crescent moon' insignia on their clothing or personal items or having the words 'East Turkestan' on their mobile phone case, purse or other jewelry, would be eligible for cash payments. Qira County_sentence_16

In March 2017, Salamet Memetimin, the Communist Party secretary for Chaka township's Bekchan village and ethnic Uyghur, was relieved of her duties for taking her nikah marriage vows at her home. Qira County_sentence_17

According to the Hotan Daily, 97 officials were charged with disciplinary violations at this time. Qira County_sentence_18

In 2018, local government authorities in the county expected to have almost 12,000 detainees in vocational camps and detention centres and some projects related to the centres outstripped budgetary limits. Qira County_sentence_19

According to the Chinese Government, by the end of 2018, construction of Jinnan New Village () in Qira Town (Cele) was completed. Qira County_sentence_20

To increase aid delivery to Xinjiang, places in Xinjiang are paired with other areas of China which can provide aid. Qira County_sentence_21

Tianjin and Hotan are paired in this program. Qira County_sentence_22

Through assistance from the Tianjin government, a standard football field and training center was constructed at the No. Qira County_sentence_23

1 Primary School in the county. Qira County_sentence_24

Geography Qira County_section_1

The northern part of Qira County is made up of sand dunes and ends in a straight line drawn in the Taklamakan Desert that forms part of the boundary between Hotan Prefecture and Aksu Prefecture. Qira County_sentence_25

The area is between 1,500 m (4,900 ft) and 1,800 m (5,900 ft) above sea level. Qira County_sentence_26

Oasis areas occupy 2.9% of the total area of the county. Qira County_sentence_27

The oasis areas along China National Highway 315 include the Qira County county seat area, Gulahma and Damiku. Qira County_sentence_28

Qaka, Ulughsay, Nur, Bostan and Kunyu's small exclaves in Qira County are located close to the Kunlun Mountains. Qira County_sentence_29

The southern part of Qira County is mountainous with an average elevation of 3,200 m (10,500 ft) above sea level. Qira County_sentence_30

The upper reaches of the White Jade River (Yurung Kash), which provide water for Hotan (Khotan), are found in the Kunlun Mountains of southern Qira County. Qira County_sentence_31

Mountain passes in the area include Mandar Kol Dawan, Shalgon Dawan, Kuchkash Bulak Dawan, and Art Dawan. Qira County_sentence_32

One of the prominent mountains in the county is Muztag (K5, Wu-lu-ko Ho Shan, Mo-shih Shan, Mu-shih Shan, Muztagh Jilga; 慕士山, 木斯山) which is 7,282 m (23,891 ft) above sea level. Qira County_sentence_33

The meltwater from this mountain creates the Qira River (Cele River, Ts'e-lo Ho; 策勒河) which flows through Qaka into the Qira county seat. Qira County_sentence_34

In the mid-20th century, camping grounds in the sparsely populated southern mountainous area of the county included Chotma, Yangi kan, Zaiuk, Yaskako Tagh, Mandar Chap, and Chumik. Qira County_sentence_35

Administrative divisions Qira County_section_2

Qira County includes two towns and six townships and one other area: Qira County_sentence_36

Towns: Qira County_sentence_37

Qira County_unordered_list_0

  • Qira (Cele, Chira; چىرا بازىرى / ), Gulahma (Gulahema, Gulakhma, Gulahama; گۇلاخما بازىرى / (), formerly )Qira County_item_0_0

Townships: Qira County_sentence_38

Qira County_unordered_list_1

  • Qira (Cele, Chira; چىرا يېزىسى / ), Damiku (Damagou, Ta-mu-kou, Ha-lang-kou, Dumuka; دامىكۇ يېزىسى / ), Qaka (Qiaha, Chaqa, Ch'i-ko-erh, Ch'ia-ha; چاقا يېزىسى / ), Ulughsay (Wulukesayi; ئۇلۇغساي يېزىسى / ), Nur (Nu'er, Nuri; نۇرى يېزىسى / ), Bostan (Bositan; بوستان يېزىسى / )Qira County_item_1_1

Other: Qira County_sentence_39

Qira County_unordered_list_2

  • Regiment One Pasture (兵团一牧场) (part of Kunyu)Qira County_item_2_2

Economy Qira County_section_3

Agricultural products of the county include wheat, corn, cotton, petroleum products, melons, pomegranates, walnuts, peaches, and apricots. Qira County_sentence_40

Livestock raised in the county include horses, cows and sheep. Qira County_sentence_41

Industry in the country includes electronics, construction, cotton ginning and food processing (fruits). Qira County_sentence_42

Demographics Qira County_section_4

As of 2015, 163,705 of the 166,735 residents of the county were Uyghur, 2,921 were Han Chinese and 109 were from other ethnic groups. Qira County_sentence_43

As of the 2010s, the population of Qira County was more than 98% Uyghur. Qira County_sentence_44

As of 1999, 98.45% of the population of Qira (Cele) County was Uyghur and 1.51% of the population was Han Chinese. Qira County_sentence_45

Transportation Qira County_section_5

Qira County_unordered_list_3

Notable persons Qira County_section_6

Qira County_unordered_list_4

  • Ismail Amat, former Chairman (Governor) of XinjiangQira County_item_4_4

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qira County.