چىرا ناھىيىسى 策勒县 Chira, Cele, Ts'e-le
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Township-level divisions||2 towns, 6 townships|
|Total||31,688.01 km (12,234.81 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,500−7,282 m (4,900−23,981 ft)|
|Density||5.3/km (14/sq mi)|
|Major ethnic groups||Uyghur|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|TranscriptionsLatin YëziqiChira NahiyisiYengi YeziⱪQira Nah̡iyisiSASM/GNCQira NahiyisiSiril YëziqiЧира Наһийиси|
|Latin Yëziqi||Chira Nahiyisi|
|Yengi Yeziⱪ||Qira Nah̡iyisi|
|Siril Yëziqi||Чира Наһийиси|
|TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinCèlè XiànWade–GilesTsʻê⁴-lê⁴ Hsien⁴|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Cèlè Xiàn|
The county is bordered to the north by Aksu Prefecture, to the east by Yutian / Keriya County, to the northwest by Lop County, to the southwest by Hotan County including the China-India disputed Aksai Chin area and to the south by Rutog County, Ngari Prefecture in Tibet.
The sixth century Dandan Oilik oasis town archaeological site where Buddhist shrines and texts were discovered is located in the desert of northern Qira (Chira) County.
Qira town (Chira), the town that is the current county seat of Qira County, has been forced to change locations on three occasions due to encroachment by the sands of the Taklamakan Desert.
There were several wells along the course he took.
Qira County was divided from Yutian / Keriya County in 1928/9.
In the thirty years between the 1950s and 1980s, a significant area of farmland near the county seat was taken into the desert by blown sand.
Since the founding of Xinjiang Autonomous Region in 1955, Qira County has been part of Hotan Prefecture.
In the 1980s, 446 households living in the county seat were forced to relocate due to the effects of desertification which had brought the Taklamakan Desert within 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) km of their homes, sometimes burying homes in sand overnight.
In 1983, the Qira research station of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was founded to combat drift sand.
A transitional zone was established with help from the scientists at the station, and the sands were pushed back over 5 kilometres (3.1 mi).
In 2005, a small 1,500 year-old Buddhist temple was discovered 7 km (4.3 mi) from Damiku (Damagou).
On October 20, 2014, Damiku (Damagou) was changed from a township to a town.
On January 7, 2016, areas near Nur, Bostan and Ulughsay townships in Qira County were made part of the newly created Kunyu.
On February 28, 2017, it was announced by the county government that those who reported others for stitching the 'star and crescent moon' insignia on their clothing or personal items or having the words 'East Turkestan' on their mobile phone case, purse or other jewelry, would be eligible for cash payments.
According to the Hotan Daily, 97 officials were charged with disciplinary violations at this time.
In 2018, local government authorities in the county expected to have almost 12,000 detainees in vocational camps and detention centres and some projects related to the centres outstripped budgetary limits.
According to the Chinese Government, by the end of 2018, construction of Jinnan New Village () in Qira Town (Cele) was completed.
To increase aid delivery to Xinjiang, places in Xinjiang are paired with other areas of China which can provide aid.
Tianjin and Hotan are paired in this program.
Through assistance from the Tianjin government, a standard football field and training center was constructed at the No.
1 Primary School in the county.
The area is between 1,500 m (4,900 ft) and 1,800 m (5,900 ft) above sea level.
Oasis areas occupy 2.9% of the total area of the county.
The oasis areas along China National Highway 315 include the Qira County county seat area, Gulahma and Damiku.
Qaka, Ulughsay, Nur, Bostan and Kunyu's small exclaves in Qira County are located close to the Kunlun Mountains.
The southern part of Qira County is mountainous with an average elevation of 3,200 m (10,500 ft) above sea level.
Mountain passes in the area include Mandar Kol Dawan, Shalgon Dawan, Kuchkash Bulak Dawan, and Art Dawan.
One of the prominent mountains in the county is Muztag (K5, Wu-lu-ko Ho Shan, Mo-shih Shan, Mu-shih Shan, Muztagh Jilga; 慕士山, 木斯山) which is 7,282 m (23,891 ft) above sea level.
The meltwater from this mountain creates the Qira River (Cele River, Ts'e-lo Ho; 策勒河) which flows through Qaka into the Qira county seat.
In the mid-20th century, camping grounds in the sparsely populated southern mountainous area of the county included Chotma, Yangi kan, Zaiuk, Yaskako Tagh, Mandar Chap, and Chumik.
- Qira (Cele, Chira; چىرا بازىرى / ), Gulahma (Gulahema, Gulakhma, Gulahama; گۇلاخما بازىرى / (), formerly )
- Qira (Cele, Chira; چىرا يېزىسى / ), Damiku (Damagou, Ta-mu-kou, Ha-lang-kou, Dumuka; دامىكۇ يېزىسى / ), Qaka (Qiaha, Chaqa, Ch'i-ko-erh, Ch'ia-ha; چاقا يېزىسى / ), Ulughsay (Wulukesayi; ئۇلۇغساي يېزىسى / ), Nur (Nu'er, Nuri; نۇرى يېزىسى / ), Bostan (Bositan; بوستان يېزىسى / )
- Regiment One Pasture (兵团一牧场) (part of Kunyu)
Agricultural products of the county include wheat, corn, cotton, petroleum products, melons, pomegranates, walnuts, peaches, and apricots.
Livestock raised in the county include horses, cows and sheep.
Industry in the country includes electronics, construction, cotton ginning and food processing (fruits).
As of the 2010s, the population of Qira County was more than 98% Uyghur.
As of 1999, 98.45% of the population of Qira (Cele) County was Uyghur and 1.51% of the population was Han Chinese.
- China National Highway 315 runs through the Qira County county seat, Gulahma and Damiku.
- Ismail Amat, former Chairman (Governor) of Xinjiang
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qira County.