Railroad Redoubt

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For other uses, see Fort Beauregard (disambiguation). Railroad Redoubt_sentence_0

The Railroad Redoubt (a/k/a "Fort Beauregard" in post-War accounts) was one of several redoubts, or small defensive earthworks, that were constructed during the American Civil War to protect the city of Vicksburg, Mississippi, from Union attack. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_1

It was so named because it was constructed along a major east-west railroad track into Vicksburg. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_2

On May 22, 1863, the Union XIII Corps, under the command of Major General John A. McClernand, attacked this portion of the Vicksburg defenses at 10:00 a.m. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_3

Within the hour, several units were fighting in or near the ditch fronting the position. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_4

One regiment, the 22nd Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment, with close support from the 21st Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the 11th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment and the 77th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, exploited a breach in the Redoubt created by artillery fire, and about a dozen members of the 22nd Iowa entered the defenses at that point. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_5

The survivors from that group occupied a forward portion of the position for some hours. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_6

The breach was not successfully reinforced, and the attackers not killed or wounded, along with members of supporting units, were forced back as darkness fell. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_7

The following report is of 22nd Iowa Adjutant concerning the frontal assault of the Railroad Redoubt, on the morning of May 22, 1863: Railroad Redoubt_sentence_8

Only two men of the 22nd Iowa who entered the fort survived. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_9

This was the last frontal assault of Fort Beauregard ever attempted. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_10

Afterwards Vicksburg was defeated using long term siege tactics. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_11

The 22nd Iowa's losses at Railroad Redoubt were heavy. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_12

Of the 200 engaged in the assault, 42 were killed or died of their wounds, 128 wounded and 19 captured. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_13

Theirs was the highest toll suffered in any regiment of Grant's army in the siege of Vicksburg. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_14

Almost none of the men killed outright or who died shortly afterward of wounds are listed in Vicksburg National Cemetery. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_15

Believe they were, in all probability, buried in a mass grave with many remains unidentified. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_16

Sergeant Leonidas M. Godley of Company E, although gravely wounded, survived the assault and was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1894 for his actions during the assault. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_17

In the end, the Confederate position held, bringing on the Siege of Vicksburg. Railroad Redoubt_sentence_18


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Railroad Redoubt.