Rangers F.C.

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For other uses, see Rangers F.C. (disambiguation). Rangers F.C._sentence_0

Rangers Football Club is a Scottish professional football club based in the Govan district of Glasgow which plays in the Scottish Premiership. Rangers F.C._sentence_1

Although not its official name, it is often referred to as Glasgow Rangers. Rangers F.C._sentence_2

The fourth-oldest football club in Scotland, Rangers was founded by four teenage boys as they walked through West End Park (now Kelvingrove Park) in March 1872 where they discussed the idea of forming a football club, and played its first match against the now defunct Callander at the Fleshers' Haugh area of Glasgow Green in May of the same year. Rangers F.C._sentence_3

Rangers' home ground, Ibrox Stadium, which was designed by stadia architect Archibald Leitch and opened in 1929, is a Category B listed building and the third-largest football stadium in Scotland. Rangers F.C._sentence_4

The club has played in royal blue shirts for the entirety of its history. Rangers F.C._sentence_5

Rangers is the second-most successful club in world football in terms of trophies won, behind only Egyptian club Al Ahly. Rangers F.C._sentence_6

The club has won the Scottish League title 54 times, a domestic league joint world record, the Scottish Cup 33 times, the Scottish League Cup a record 27 times and the domestic treble on seven occasions, more than any other club. Rangers F.C._sentence_7

Rangers won the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1972 after being losing finalists twice, in 1961 (the first British club to reach a UEFA tournament final) and 1967. Rangers F.C._sentence_8

A third runners-up finish in European competition came in the UEFA Cup in 2008. Rangers F.C._sentence_9

Rangers has a long-standing rivalry with Celtic, the two Glasgow clubs being collectively known as the Old Firm, which is considered one of the world's biggest football derbies. Rangers F.C._sentence_10

With more than 600 Rangers supporters' clubs in 35 countries worldwide, Rangers has one of the largest fanbases in world football. Rangers F.C._sentence_11

The club holds the record for the largest travelling support in football history, when an estimated 200,000 Rangers fans arrived in the city of Manchester for the 2008 UEFA Cup Final. Rangers F.C._sentence_12

One of the 11 original members of the Scottish Football League, Rangers remained in the top division continuously until a financial crisis during the 2011–12 season saw an administration event occur and the original company liquidated with the assets moved to a new company structure. Rangers F.C._sentence_13

The club was accepted as an associate member of the Scottish Football League and placed in the fourth tier of the Scottish football league system in time for the start of the following season. Rangers F.C._sentence_14

Rangers then won three promotions in four years, returning to the Premiership for the start of the 2016–17 season. Rangers F.C._sentence_15

While in the Scottish lower divisions, Rangers became the only club in Scotland to have won every domestic trophy. Rangers F.C._sentence_16

History Rangers F.C._section_0

Main article: History of Rangers F.C. Rangers F.C._sentence_17

See also: List of Rangers F.C. seasons and Rangers F.C. Hall of Fame Rangers F.C._sentence_18

Formation, early years and William Wilton Rangers F.C._section_1

Rangers were formed by four founders – brothers Moses McNeil and Peter McNeil, Peter Campbell and William McBeath – who met at West End Park (now known as Kelvingrove Park) in March 1872. Rangers F.C._sentence_19

Rangers' first match, in May that year, was a goalless friendly draw with Callander on Glasgow Green. Rangers F.C._sentence_20

David Hill was also a founder member. Rangers F.C._sentence_21

In 1873, the club held its first annual meeting and staff were elected. Rangers F.C._sentence_22

By 1876 Rangers had its first international player, with Moses McNeil representing Scotland in a match against Wales. Rangers F.C._sentence_23

In 1877 Rangers reached the Scottish Cup final; after drawing the first game, Rangers refused to turn up for the replay and the cup was awarded to Vale of Leven. Rangers F.C._sentence_24

Rangers won the Glasgow Merchants Charity Cup the following year against Vale of Leven 2–1, their first major cup. Rangers F.C._sentence_25

The first-ever match against Celtic took place in 1888, the year of the East End club's establishment. Rangers F.C._sentence_26

Rangers lost 5–2 in a friendly to an opposition composed largely of guest players from Hibernian. Rangers F.C._sentence_27

The 1890–91 season saw the inception of the Scottish Football League, and Rangers, by then playing at the first Ibrox Stadium, were one of ten original members. Rangers F.C._sentence_28

The club's first-ever league match, on 16 August 1890, resulted in a 5–2 victory over Heart of Midlothian. Rangers F.C._sentence_29

After finishing joint-top with Dumbarton, a play-off held at Cathkin Park finished 2–2 and the title was shared for the only time in its history. Rangers F.C._sentence_30

Rangers' first-ever Scottish Cup win came in 1894 after a 3–1 final victory over rivals Celtic. Rangers F.C._sentence_31

By the start of the 20th century, Rangers had won two league titles and three Scottish Cups. Rangers F.C._sentence_32

During William Wilton's time as match secretary and then team manager, Rangers won 10 league titles. Rangers F.C._sentence_33

Bill Struth and Scot Symon Rangers F.C._section_2

Taking over as manager after William Wilton's death in 1920, Bill Struth was Rangers' most successful manager, guiding the club to 14 league titles before the onset of the Second World War. Rangers F.C._sentence_34

On 2 January 1939 a British league attendance record was broken as 118,567 fans turned out to watch Rangers beat Celtic in the traditional New Year's Day Old Firm match. Rangers F.C._sentence_35

Leading the club for 34 years until 1954, Struth won more trophies than any manager in Scottish Football history, amassing 18 league championships, 10 Scottish Cups, two League Cups, seven war-time championships, 19 Glasgow Cups, 17 Glasgow Merchant Charity Cups and other war-time honours. Rangers F.C._sentence_36

During the wartime regional league setup, Rangers achieved their highest score against Celtic with an 8–1 win in the Southern Football League. Rangers F.C._sentence_37

Scot Symon continued Struth's success, winning six league championships, five Scottish Cups and four League Cups, becoming the second manager to win the domestic treble in 1963–64 season, the era of 'Slim' Jim Baxter, one of the club's greatest players. Rangers F.C._sentence_38

Rangers also lost by their biggest Old Firm margin of 7–1. Rangers F.C._sentence_39

Rangers reached the semi-finals of the European Cup in 1960, losing to German club Eintracht Frankfurt by a record aggregate 12–4 for a Scottish team. Rangers F.C._sentence_40

In 1961 Rangers became the first British team to reach a European final when they contested the Cup Winners' Cup final against Italian side Fiorentina, only to lose 4–1 on aggregate. Rangers F.C._sentence_41

Rangers lost again in the final of the same competition in 1967, by a single goal after extra time to Bayern Munich. Rangers F.C._sentence_42

Ibrox disaster, European success and Jock Wallace Rangers F.C._section_3

The Ibrox disaster occurred on 2 January 1971 when large-scale crushing on a stairway exit at the culmination of an Old Firm game claimed 66 lives. Rangers F.C._sentence_43

An enquiry concluded that the crush was likely to have happened 10 minutes after the final whistle and to have been triggered by someone falling on the stairs. Rangers F.C._sentence_44

A benefit match to raise funds for the victims' families took place after the disaster, a joint Rangers and Celtic team playing a Scotland XI at Hampden, watched by 81,405 fans. Rangers F.C._sentence_45

In 1972, Rangers emerged from the tragedy of the previous year to finally achieve success on the European stage. Rangers F.C._sentence_46

A Colin Stein goal and a Willie Johnston double helped secure a 3–2 victory over Dynamo Moscow at the Nou Camp, Barcelona, to lift the European Cup Winners' Cup. Rangers F.C._sentence_47

Captain John Greig received the trophy in a small room within the Nou Camp following pitch invasions by Rangers fans reacting to the heavy handed tactics of the Spanish police, the majority of whom had been brought in from outwith Catalonia. Rangers F.C._sentence_48

Rangers were banned from Europe for two years for the behaviour of their fans, later reduced on appeal to one year. Rangers F.C._sentence_49

The following season saw the club compete in the first ever European Super Cup, although the European ban saw it officially recognised as Rangers centenary anniversary match. Rangers F.C._sentence_50

The side played the European Cup holders Ajax, who had first proposed the idea, in January 1973. Rangers F.C._sentence_51

The Dutch side proved too strong and recorded a 6–3 aggregate win, with Rangers losing 1–3 at Ibrox and 3–2 in Amsterdam. Rangers F.C._sentence_52

Emerging from the shadows of Jock Stein's Celtic side, Rangers regained ascendancy with notable domestic success under the stewardship of manager Jock Wallace. Rangers F.C._sentence_53

In his first season in charge – the club's centenary – Rangers won the Scottish Cup at Hampden in front of 122,714 supporters. Rangers F.C._sentence_54

In 1974–75, Wallace led Rangers to their first League championship triumph in 11 years, before winning the treble the following season, repeating the historic feat in 1977–78. Rangers F.C._sentence_55

John Greig served as manager for five years but was unable to achieve the success as a manager that he had as a player. Rangers F.C._sentence_56

Unable to win the league during his reign, he was replaced by Wallace returning in 1983. Rangers F.C._sentence_57

Wallace was unable to repeat the success of his first period in charge with a win ratio of less than 50%, and was himself replaced by Graeme Souness in 1986. Rangers F.C._sentence_58

Graeme Souness, Walter Smith and 9-in-a-row Rangers F.C._section_4

Every year from the 1988–89 season until the 1996–97 season, Rangers won the league title. Rangers F.C._sentence_59

This nine-in-a-row achievement equalled Celtic's record, set prior to the forming of the Scottish Football League Premier Division, subsequent to which competing teams met four times a season. Rangers F.C._sentence_60

The first three of these seasons the club was managed by Graeme Souness; the latter six under the stewardship of Walter Smith. Rangers F.C._sentence_61

Notable seasons included 1990–91, which culminated in a last-day finale, Rangers securing a 2–0 victory at Ibrox over Aberdeen, who needed only a draw to secure the championship. Rangers F.C._sentence_62

Season 1992–93 was notable for a domestic treble of trophies, as well an extended run in the inaugural UEFA Champions League, the club at one stage only one goal from securing a place in the final. Rangers F.C._sentence_63

Rangers' ninth consecutive championship title was secured at Tannadice Park on 7 May 1997, with a single-goal victory over Dundee United. Rangers F.C._sentence_64

Dick Advocaat, Alex McLeish and Paul Le Guen Rangers F.C._section_5

In 1998, Dutchman Dick Advocaat became the club's first foreign manager. Rangers F.C._sentence_65

Nine-in-a-row era stalwarts having moved on, Advocaat invested heavily in the team with immediate results, leading the club to their sixth domestic treble. Rangers F.C._sentence_66

The league championship was won with a 3–0 victory at Celtic Park on 2 May 1999. Rangers F.C._sentence_67

A second-consecutive league title was won by a record 21-point margin, the club securing a domestic double with a 4–0 Scottish Cup final victory over Aberdeen. Rangers F.C._sentence_68

Rangers' campaign in the Champions League saw them defeat UEFA Cup winners Parma en route. Rangers F.C._sentence_69

Advocaat's third season saw Rangers fail to compete domestically against Celtic under new manager Martin O'Neill. Rangers F.C._sentence_70

Despite investment in the team, including Tore Andre Flo for a club-record £12 million, European success beyond the Champions League group stages again proved elusive. Rangers F.C._sentence_71

After a slow start to the following season, Advocaat resigned from his post in December 2001 and was replaced by Alex McLeish. Rangers F.C._sentence_72

In his first full campaign, the 2002–03 season saw McLeish become the sixth Rangers manager to deliver a domestic treble. Rangers F.C._sentence_73

The championship was won on goal difference during a dramatic final day 6–1 triumph over Dunfermline Athletic at Ibrox, securing Rangers' 50th league title, the first club in the world to achieve the feat. Rangers F.C._sentence_74

Major expenditure sanctioned by chairman David Murray had burdened Rangers with considerable debts in the region of £52m. Rangers F.C._sentence_75

The club's worsening financial state saw many of the team's top players leave in the summer of 2003, the following season failing to deliver any trophies, only the second such occasion since 1985–86. Rangers F.C._sentence_76

The 2004–05 season restored success to Rangers, who were boosted by signings such as Jean-Alain Boumsong, Dado Pršo and Nacho Novo, along with the return of former captain Barry Ferguson after a spell in England with Blackburn Rovers. Rangers F.C._sentence_77

The club's league championship triumph culminated in a dramatic final-day finish. Rangers F.C._sentence_78

The destination of the trophy changed unexpectedly, with Celtic conceding late goals to Motherwell at Fir Park whilst Rangers led against Hibernian, requiring the helicopter carrying the SPL trophy to change direction and deliver the prize to the Easter Road ground in Leith. Rangers F.C._sentence_79

Despite beginning as favourites to retain the championship, Rangers suffered an unprecedented run of poor results between September and November, a club-record run of ten games without a win. Rangers F.C._sentence_80

Included within this period, a 1–1 draw with Inter Milan took Rangers into the last 16 of the Champions League, the first Scottish team to achieve the feat since 1993, the club eventually exiting on the away goals rule to Villarreal. Rangers F.C._sentence_81

On 9 February 2006, it was announced by David Murray that McLeish would be standing down as manager at the end of that season. Rangers F.C._sentence_82

Frenchman Paul Le Guen replaced Alex McLeish as manager after season 2005–06. Rangers F.C._sentence_83

The season started with an early exit from the League Cup whilst Celtic built a commanding lead at the top of the table. Rangers F.C._sentence_84

In the UEFA Cup, Rangers became the first Scottish side to qualify for the last 32 of the competition, since the introduction of the group phase, after finishing their group unbeaten. Rangers F.C._sentence_85

However, amid claims of disharmony between the manager and captain Barry Ferguson, it was announced on 4 January 2007 that Le Guen had left Rangers by mutual consent. Rangers F.C._sentence_86

Walter Smith's return and Ally McCoist Rangers F.C._section_6

On 10 January 2007, former boss Walter Smith resigned from his post as Scotland manager to return to the Ibrox helm, with Ally McCoist as assistant manager. Rangers F.C._sentence_87

The following season Rangers contested the UEFA Cup after dropping into the competition from the Champions League. Rangers F.C._sentence_88

The club reached the final, defeating Panathinaikos, Werder Bremen, Sporting Lisbon and Fiorentina along the way. Rangers F.C._sentence_89

The final in Manchester against Zenit St. Petersburg, who were managed by former Rangers manager Dick Advocaat, ended in a 2–0 defeat. Rangers F.C._sentence_90

An estimated 200,000 supporters travelled to Manchester for the event, and the 2008 UEFA Cup Final riots occurred. Rangers F.C._sentence_91

The 2008–09 season saw Rangers recover from an early exit from the UEFA Champions League to FBK Kaunas of Lithuania. Rangers F.C._sentence_92

The club secured its 52nd league championship on the last day of the season with a 3–0 victory at Dundee United. Rangers F.C._sentence_93

Rangers also successfully defended the Scottish Cup, defeating Falkirk 1–0 in the final. Rangers F.C._sentence_94

The 2009–10 season saw Rangers reach their fifth consecutive domestic final: against St Mirren in the Scottish League Cup, the club overcame a two-men from red cards, a late deciding goal from Kenny Miller securing the victory. Rangers F.C._sentence_95

The league championship title was retained, with three matches remaining, at Easter Road, defeating Hibernian 1–0 with a Kyle Lafferty goal. Rangers F.C._sentence_96

The 2010–11 season, Smith's final season in charge, saw Rangers retain the League Cup, defeating Celtic at Hampden with a Nikica Jelavić goal in extra time. Rangers F.C._sentence_97

A third consecutive title was won by beating Kilmarnock 5–1 on the last day of the season, Smith's final match in charge of the club. Rangers F.C._sentence_98

Ally McCoist took over from Walter Smith in June 2011 but season 2011–12 started with Rangers eliminated from two European competitions before the end of August: losing to Swedish side Malmö FF in the Champions League third round qualifying match, and to Slovenian side Maribor in a Europa League qualifying match. Rangers F.C._sentence_99

While good league form saw Rangers in top spot after being unbeaten for the first 15 games, they were knocked out of the League Cup by Falkirk and the Scottish Cup by Dundee Utd at Ibrox. Rangers F.C._sentence_100

Rangers were placed into administration on 14 February 2012 resulting in the club being deducted 10 points as per SPL rules. Rangers F.C._sentence_101

Though Rangers avoided having Celtic win the championship at Ibrox on 25 March by winning the game 3–2, Rangers ultimately finished 20 points behind Celtic in second place. Rangers F.C._sentence_102

Insolvency and the lower leagues Rangers F.C._section_7

On 1 June 2012, after four months in administration, a failure to reach a CVA agreement with creditors led to The Rangers Football Club plc (since renamed RFC 2012 plc) entering the process of liquidation. Rangers F.C._sentence_103

The administrators completed a sale of the business and assets to a new company, Sevco Scotland Ltd (which later renamed itself The Rangers Football Club Ltd), though most first-team players refused to transfer across. Rangers F.C._sentence_104

The new company failed to secure the transfer of Rangers' previous place in the Scottish Premier League, but were later accepted into the Scottish Football League. Rangers F.C._sentence_105

Rangers were awarded associate membership and placed in the lowest division, the Third, rather than the First Division as the SPL and SFA had sought. Rangers F.C._sentence_106

The transfer of Rangers' SFA membership was agreed by the SFA upon acceptance of a number of conditions, including a one-year transfer ban, in time for the club to begin the 2012–13 season. Rangers F.C._sentence_107

With most key Rangers players having refused to transfer to the new company, a very different Rangers team lined up for the first league match in Third Division though it secured a comfortable 5–1 victory over East Stirlingshire in front of a crowd of 49,118, a world record for a football match in a fourth tier league. Rangers F.C._sentence_108

Away from home, Rangers started their league campaign with three successive draws before losing 1–0 to Stirling Albion, at the time the bottom club in the country. Rangers F.C._sentence_109

Rangers were defeated in the third round of the Scottish Challenge Cup by Queen of the South at Ibrox, in the quarter-finals of the Scottish League Cup at home to Inverness Caledonian Thistle and in the fifth round of the Scottish Cup by Dundee United. Rangers F.C._sentence_110

Rangers beat their own new record against Queens Park with an attendance of 49,463 and again against Stirling Albion with an attendance of 49,913. Rangers F.C._sentence_111

Rangers clinched the Third Division title on 30 March after a goalless draw at Montrose. Rangers F.C._sentence_112

Apart from being defeated 2–1 by Forfar Athletic in the first round of the League Cup on 3 August, season 2013–14 got off to an excellent start with Rangers winning maximum league points in their first 15 games in League One, before being held to a draw at home by Stranraer on Boxing Day 2013. Rangers F.C._sentence_113

Rangers secured the League One title and promotion to Scottish football's second tier on 12 March 2014 and went on to end the season unbeaten in league football. Rangers F.C._sentence_114

Rangers also reached the final of the Scottish Challenge Cup, in which they lost to Raith Rovers and the semi-final of the Scottish Cup, in which they lost 3–1 at Ibrox to Dundee United. Rangers F.C._sentence_115

Playing in the Scottish Championship in season 2014–15 provided Rangers with a more difficult challenge, with the club losing home and away to both Hibernian and Hearts and also losing away to Queen of the South in the first half of the season. Rangers F.C._sentence_116

Rangers also failed to beat Alloa either home or away in the league before losing 3–2 to Alloa in the semi-final of the Scottish Challenge Cup. Rangers F.C._sentence_117

Amid mounting criticism, McCoist submitted his resignation intending to honour his 12 months notice period but was placed on 'gardening leave' and replaced by Kenny McDowall on a caretaker basis. Rangers F.C._sentence_118

McDowall remained in charge for just three months before resigning in March 2015. Rangers F.C._sentence_119

During his time in charge, Rangers won just three matches. Rangers F.C._sentence_120

Rangers then named former player Stuart McCall as their third manager of the season for the remaining fixtures. Rangers F.C._sentence_121

Under McCall, Rangers finished third in the league and then reached the Premiership play-off final, which they lost 6–1 on aggregate to Motherwell. Rangers F.C._sentence_122

Warburton, Premiership return, Caixinha and Murty Rangers F.C._section_8

In June 2015 it was announced that Mark Warburton had been appointed manager on a three-year deal. Rangers F.C._sentence_123

Rangers went on to win the 2015–16 Scottish Championship and automatic promotion to the Scottish Premiership, ending their four-year stint in the lower divisions. Rangers F.C._sentence_124

The club also reached the 2016 Scottish Cup Final, beating Old Firm rivals Celtic in the semi-final at Hampden, before losing to Hibernian in the final. Rangers F.C._sentence_125

After a poor first half of the 2016–17 season, Mark Warburton and David Weir left Rangers on 10 February 2017, and Graeme Murty was placed in caretaker control of the Rangers first team. Rangers F.C._sentence_126

Pedro Caixinha eventually took over as permanent manager. Rangers F.C._sentence_127

Caixinha's first full season started with Rangers suffering one of the worst results in their history. Rangers F.C._sentence_128

After winning 1–0 at Ibrox, Rangers lost 2–0 to Luxembourg minnows Progrès Niederkorn, resulting in Rangers being knocked out 2–1 on aggregate in the first qualifying round of the 2017–18 Europa League. Rangers F.C._sentence_129

Progrès had never before won a tie and had only ever scored once before in European competition. Rangers F.C._sentence_130

After that disappointing start to the season the form did not improve, with notable results including a 2–0 reverse to Celtic at home in the league and defeat to Motherwell in the Scottish League Cup semi-final by the same scoreline. Rangers F.C._sentence_131

On 26 October, a day after a 95th-minute equaliser at Ibrox by last-placed Kilmarnock saw Rangers draw 1–1, Caixinha was sacked and Graeme Murty took over as caretaker manager again. Rangers F.C._sentence_132

The Portuguese manager's reign was described as "a desperate mess from start to finish". Rangers F.C._sentence_133

In late December, after a search for a more experienced manager proved unsuccessful, including a failed attempt to appoint Aberdeen manager Derek McInnes, Murty (who had won back-to-back games over Aberdeen and also defeated Hibernian away from home during his interim spell) was appointed to the role until the end of the season. Rangers F.C._sentence_134

On 1 May 2018, Murty's second spell in charge ended prematurely when he was sacked as manager following a 5–0 defeat to Celtic which resulted in Celtic winning their 7th consecutive league title. Rangers F.C._sentence_135

Rangers again ended the season in 3rd place, behind Celtic and Aberdeen for the second year in a row. Rangers F.C._sentence_136

The Gerrard era Rangers F.C._section_9

On 4 May 2018, former Liverpool and England captain Steven Gerrard was confirmed as the new manager of Rangers on a four-year contract. Rangers F.C._sentence_137

Gerrard's era started successfully with Rangers remaining unbeaten in their first 12 games, clinching a place in the UEFA Europa League group stage in the process. Rangers F.C._sentence_138

However, Rangers were then defeated by Celtic in the first Old Firm match of the season, and the following month were eliminated from the League Cup by Aberdeen. Rangers F.C._sentence_139

On 29 December, Rangers defeated Celtic at Ibrox to inflict Brendan Rodgers' first defeat in 13 Old Firm games; Rangers first win over Celtic since a Scottish Cup victory in April 2016 and their first league win over Celtic since March 2012. Rangers F.C._sentence_140

Aberdeen knocked Rangers out of a cup for the second time in the season after securing a 2–0 victory in the Scottish Cup at Ibrox on 12 March 2019. Rangers F.C._sentence_141

Season 2019–20 began with Rangers again qualifying for the UEFA Europa League group stage before losing 2–0 to Celtic at Ibrox in the first Old Firm match of the season on 1 September. Rangers F.C._sentence_142

The following day, the club signed Ryan Kent from Liverpool for £7m, though the winger suffered a hamstring injury in his first appearance on 14 September 2019. Rangers F.C._sentence_143

Rangers reached the final of the League Cup but despite a dominant performance were beaten 1–0 by Celtic. Rangers F.C._sentence_144

On 12 December Rangers progressed to the UEFA Europa League Round of 32 as group runners-up after a 1–1 draw with Young Boys which secured European football beyond Christmas for the first time since the 2010–11 season. Rangers F.C._sentence_145

On 29 December Rangers beat Celtic 2–1 at Celtic Park, Rangers' first win at their old rivals stadium since October 2010. Rangers F.C._sentence_146

However a slump in form thereafter, including losing to Hearts in the Scottish Cup and Hamilton in the league within 5 days, left Rangers 13 points adrift of Celtic a week into March. Rangers F.C._sentence_147

Crest and colours Rangers F.C._section_10

Crest Rangers F.C._section_11

Unusually for a football club, Rangers have two different official crests. Rangers F.C._sentence_148

Today the original scroll crest appears on the club's strips whereas the lion rampant club crest is used by the media, on club merchandise and on official club documents. Rangers F.C._sentence_149

Both crests have undergone minor variations since their introduction. Rangers F.C._sentence_150

It is believed that the scroll crest, representing the letters RFC overlapping, has been used since the club's formation in 1872, although the oldest remaining piece of memorabilia containing this crest is from the 1881–82 season. Rangers F.C._sentence_151

The scroll crest was replaced in 1959 with the lion rampant club crest which featured a lion rampant, an old-style football and the club's motto Ready, which was shortened from Aye Ready (meaning Always Ready in Scots), all surrounded by the team name, Rangers Football Club. Rangers F.C._sentence_152

The lion rampant club crest was modernised in 1968; the lion rampant, team name, club motto and old style football all remained. Rangers F.C._sentence_153

It was again updated slightly in the early 1990s and then once more in 2020 to the current version. Rangers F.C._sentence_154

The modern circular crest is regularly used on club merchandise and by the media; it has never featured prominently on the club strip. Rangers F.C._sentence_155

In 1968 the scroll crest made a return appearing on the chest of the club shirt for the first time while the modernised club crest was still the club's official logo. Rangers F.C._sentence_156

The scroll crest first appeared on the teams shorts for the start of the 1978–79 season. Rangers F.C._sentence_157

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_0

  • Club crest historyRangers F.C._item_0_0
  • Rangers F.C._item_0_1
  • Rangers F.C._item_0_2
  • Rangers F.C._item_0_3
  • Rangers F.C._item_0_4

The way the scroll crest has appeared on the club shirt has varied slightly through the years. Rangers F.C._sentence_158

Between 1990 and 1994 'Rangers Football Club' and the 'Ready' motto appeared above and below the Crest respectively. Rangers F.C._sentence_159

Between 1997 and 1999 the scroll crest featured within a shield. Rangers F.C._sentence_160

After a successful end to the season in 2003, which delivered Rangers a Domestic Treble and their 50th league title; five stars were added to the top of the scroll crest, one for every ten titles won by the club. Rangers F.C._sentence_161

The team wore a special crest on 8 December 2012 in a home league match against Stirling Albion, to commemorate the 140th anniversary of their formation. Rangers F.C._sentence_162

'1872–2012' appeared above the scroll crest with the words '140 years' featuring below. Rangers F.C._sentence_163

Kit crest history Rangers F.C._section_12

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_1

  • Rangers F.C._item_1_5
  • Rangers F.C._item_1_6
  • Rangers F.C._item_1_7

Colours Rangers F.C._section_13

The club colours of Rangers F.C. are royal blue, white and red. Rangers F.C._sentence_164

However, for the majority of the first forty-eight years of Rangers existence the club played in a plain lighter blue home shirt. Rangers F.C._sentence_165

The only deviation from this was a four-season period from 1879 when the side wore the lighter shade of blue and white in a hooped style. Rangers F.C._sentence_166

Traditionally this is accompanied by white shorts (often with royal blue and/or red trim) and black socks with red turn-downs. Rangers F.C._sentence_167

Rangers moved from the lighter shade of blue to royal blue in 1921, and have had a royal blue home shirt every year since. Rangers F.C._sentence_168

Black socks were first included in 1883 for five seasons before disappearing for eight years but became a more permanent fixture from 1896 onwards. Rangers F.C._sentence_169

When the red turn-downs were added to the socks in 1904, the strip began to look more like the modern day Rangers home kit. Rangers F.C._sentence_170

Occasionally the home kit will be altered by the shorts and socks, sometimes replacing the black socks with white ones; or replacing the white shorts and black socks combination with royal blue shorts and socks. Rangers F.C._sentence_171

The basic design of Rangers away strips has changed far more than the traditional home strip. Rangers F.C._sentence_172

Rangers original change strip, used between 1876 and 1879, was all white featuring blue and white hooped socks and a light blue six pointed star on the chest. Rangers F.C._sentence_173

White and red have been the most common colours for Rangers alternate strips, though dark and light blue have also featured highly. Rangers F.C._sentence_174

In 1994 Rangers introduced a third kit. Rangers F.C._sentence_175

This is usually worn if both the home and away kits clash with their opponents. Rangers F.C._sentence_176

The colours used in the third kits have included combinations of white, red, dark and light blue as well as black. Rangers F.C._sentence_177

Orange and blue change strips, first seen in 1993–94, worn once in 2002–03 and reintroduced in 2018–19, have courted controversy because the colours were seen as referencing the Orange Order. Rangers F.C._sentence_178

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors Rangers F.C._section_14

Since 1978 when Rangers signed a deal with Umbro they have had a specific kit manufacturer and since 1984 have had a kit sponsor. Rangers F.C._sentence_179

When Rangers played French sides AJ Auxerre and RC Strasbourg in the 1996–97 Champions League and the 1997–98 UEFA Cup respectively, due to a French ban on alcohol advertising the team wore the logo of Center Parcs instead of McEwan's Lager. Rangers F.C._sentence_180

Later matches played in France (when the club was sponsored by Carling) saw the club have no shirt sponsor at all, versus AJ Auxerre in November 2006 and Olympique Lyonnais in October 2007. Rangers F.C._sentence_181

During 32Red's sponsorship, Rangers faced Croat club NK Osijek in the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League, sporting unsponsored training gear due to Croatia's ban on advertisement of betting. Rangers F.C._sentence_182

The following tables detail the shirt sponsors and kit suppliers of Rangers by year: Rangers F.C._sentence_183

Rangers F.C._table_general_0

Front of shirt sponsorsRangers F.C._header_cell_0_0_0
PeriodRangers F.C._header_cell_0_1_0 SponsorRangers F.C._header_cell_0_1_1
1984–1987Rangers F.C._cell_0_2_0 CR SmithRangers F.C._cell_0_2_1
1987–1999Rangers F.C._cell_0_3_0 McEwan's LagerRangers F.C._cell_0_3_1
1999–2003Rangers F.C._cell_0_4_0 NTLRangers F.C._cell_0_4_1
2003–2010Rangers F.C._cell_0_5_0 CarlingRangers F.C._cell_0_5_1
2010–2013Rangers F.C._cell_0_6_0 Tennent'sRangers F.C._cell_0_6_1
2013–2014Rangers F.C._cell_0_7_0 BlackthornRangers F.C._cell_0_7_1
2014 – presentRangers F.C._cell_0_8_0 32RedRangers F.C._cell_0_8_1

Rangers F.C._table_general_1

Back of shirt sponsorsRangers F.C._header_cell_1_0_0
PeriodRangers F.C._header_cell_1_1_0 SponsorRangers F.C._header_cell_1_1_1
2017 – 2020Rangers F.C._cell_1_2_0 UtilitaRangers F.C._cell_1_2_1
2020 – presentRangers F.C._cell_1_3_0 The Energy CheckRangers F.C._cell_1_3_1
2020 – presentRangers F.C._cell_1_4_0 SEKO LogisticsRangers F.C._cell_1_4_1

Stadium and training facility Rangers F.C._section_15

Main articles: Ibrox Stadium and Rangers Training Centre Rangers F.C._sentence_184

The club used a variety of grounds in Glasgow as a venue for home matches in the years between 1872 and 1899. Rangers F.C._sentence_185

The first was Fleshers' Haugh, situated on Glasgow Green, followed by Burnbank Park in the Kelvinbridge area of the city, and then Kinning Park for ten years from the mid-1870s to the mid-1880s. Rangers F.C._sentence_186

From February of the 1886–87 season, Cathkin Park was used until the first Ibrox Park, in the Ibrox area of south-west Glasgow, was inaugurated for the following season. Rangers F.C._sentence_187

Ibrox Stadium in its current incarnation was originally designed by the architect Archibald Leitch, a Rangers fan who also played a part in the design of, among others, Old Trafford in Manchester and Highbury in London. Rangers F.C._sentence_188

The stadium was inaugurated on 30 December 1899, and Rangers defeated Hearts 3–1 in the first match held there. Rangers F.C._sentence_189

Rangers' training facility is located in Auchenhowie, Glasgow; it was initially named Murray Park after former chairman and owner Sir David Murray, but has since been renamed. Rangers F.C._sentence_190

It was proposed by then-manager Dick Advocaat upon his arrival at the club in 1998. Rangers F.C._sentence_191

It was completed in 2001 at a cost of £14 million. Rangers F.C._sentence_192

The training centre was the first purpose-built facility of its kind in Scotland, and incorporates features including nine football pitches, a gym, a hydrotherapy pool, and a video-editing suite. Rangers F.C._sentence_193

Rangers' youth teams are also accommodated at the centre, with around 140 players between under-10 and under-19 age groups using the facilities. Rangers F.C._sentence_194

International club teams playing in Scotland, as well as national sides, have previously used the centre for training, and Advocaat's South Korea team used it for training prior to the 2006 World Cup. Rangers F.C._sentence_195

Supporters and rivalries Rangers F.C._section_16

Main article: Rangers F.C. supporters Rangers F.C._sentence_196

See also: Club 1872, Rangers Fans Fighting Fund, and 2008 UEFA Cup Final riots Rangers F.C._sentence_197

Rangers are one of the best supported clubs in Europe, the figure for the 2017–18 season being in the 20 largest home league attendances in Europe. Rangers F.C._sentence_198

A study of stadium attendance figures from 2013 to 2018 by the CIES Football Observatory ranked Rangers at 18th in the world during that period, with Rangers' accounting for 27.4% of total Scottish attendance, placing them 8th overall for national attendance share. Rangers F.C._sentence_199

The Rangers Worldwide Alliance is a network of supporters clubs that was set up for the benefit of the club and the fans. Rangers F.C._sentence_200

There are more than 600 registered supporters clubs with over 30,000 registered members and these continue to grow, in keeping with the vision the club initially had. Rangers F.C._sentence_201

There are also many unregistered supporters clubs currently active. Rangers F.C._sentence_202

The official club website lists over 100 supporters' clubs in Great Britain and Northern Ireland, with over 100 further clubs spread across over 35 countries around the world. Rangers F.C._sentence_203

It includes representatives from all over the globe – including Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, South America and Australia – as well as closer to home in the United Kingdom. Rangers F.C._sentence_204

Beyond Europe, there are supporters clubs registered in far-flung locations such as Azerbaijan, Nigeria, South Africa, Cameroon, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Israel, Qatar, Bahrain, China, India, Japan, Thailand, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, United States of America, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica. Rangers F.C._sentence_205

One of Hong Kong's most popular football clubs Hong Kong Rangers F.C. was set up by an expatriate fan. Rangers F.C._sentence_206

Rangers fans have contributed to several records for high attendances, including the highest home attendance for a league fixture, 118,567 on 2 January 1939. Rangers F.C._sentence_207

Rangers record highest attendance was against Hibernian on 27 March 1948 in the Scottish Cup semi-final at Hampden Park. Rangers F.C._sentence_208

Rangers beat Hibernian 1–0 in front of a packed 143,570 crowd. Rangers F.C._sentence_209

In 2008, up to 200,000 Rangers supporters, many without match tickets, travelled to Manchester for the UEFA Cup Final. Rangers F.C._sentence_210

Despite most supporters behaving "impeccably", Rangers fans were involved in serious trouble and rioting. Rangers F.C._sentence_211

A minority of fans rioted in the city centre, clashing violently with police and damaging property, resulting in 42 being arrested for a variety of offences. Rangers F.C._sentence_212

Supporters group Club 1872 are the second-largest shareholder of the club. Rangers F.C._sentence_213

Rivalries Rangers F.C._section_17

The club's most distinct rivalry is with Glasgow neighbours Celtic F.C.; the two clubs are collectively known as the Old Firm. Rangers F.C._sentence_214

Rangers' traditional support is largely drawn from the Protestant Unionist community, whilst Celtic's traditional support is largely drawn from the Catholic community. Rangers F.C._sentence_215

The first Old Firm match was won by Celtic and there have been over four hundred matches played to date. Rangers F.C._sentence_216

The Old Firm rivalry has fuelled many assaults, sometimes leading to deaths, on Old Firm derby days; an activist group that monitors sectarian activity in Glasgow has reported that on Old Firm weekends, admissions to hospital emergency rooms have increased over normal levels and journalist Franklin Foer noted that in the period from 1996 to 2003, eight deaths in Glasgow were directly linked to Old Firm matches, as well as hundreds of assaults. Rangers F.C._sentence_217

The bitter rivalry with Aberdeen developed following an incident in the 1979 League Cup final when Rangers' Derek Johnstone provoked the fury of the Dons support with what they believed was a blatant dive but which resulted in the dismissal of Aberdeen's Doug Rougvie and a Rangers victory. Rangers F.C._sentence_218

Then, the following season, Aberdeen's John McMaster had to be given the kiss of life at Ibrox after a vicious stamp on his throat. Rangers F.C._sentence_219

Relations between fans were further soured during a league match on 8 October 1988, when Aberdeen player Neil Simpson's tackle on Rangers' Ian Durrant resulted in Durrant being injured for two years. Rangers F.C._sentence_220

Resentment continued and in 1998 an article in Rangers match programme branded Aberdeen fans "scum", although Rangers later issued a "full and unreserved apology" to Aberdeen and their supporters, which was accepted by Aberdeen. Rangers F.C._sentence_221

Rangers' relaunch in the Third Division in the 2012–13 season led to the club's original rivalry with Queen's Park being renewed for the first time since 1958 in the league. Rangers F.C._sentence_222

Rangers and Queen's Park first played each other in March 1879, some nine years before the start of the Old Firm rivalry. Rangers F.C._sentence_223

Matches with Queen's Park were advertised as the "Original Glasgow Derby" by Rangers and the Scottish media; and as the "Oldest Derby in the World" by Queen's Park. Rangers F.C._sentence_224

Sectarianism Rangers F.C._section_18

Main article: Sectarianism in Glasgow Rangers F.C._sentence_225

During the 19th century, many immigrants came to Glasgow from Ireland – this was a time of considerable anti-Catholic and anti-Irish sentiment in Scotland. Rangers F.C._sentence_226

The early success of Celtic, a club associated with the Irish and Catholic community, has been described as sharpening Rangers' Protestant Unionist identity, contributing to the eventual absence of openly Catholic players from the team. Rangers F.C._sentence_227

From the early 20th century onwards, Catholics were not knowingly signed by the club, nor employed in other prominent roles as an 'unwritten rule'. Rangers F.C._sentence_228

In 1989, Rangers signed Mo Johnston, "their first major Roman Catholic signing". Rangers F.C._sentence_229

Johnston was the first high-profile Catholic to sign for the club since the World War I era, though other Catholics had signed for Rangers before. Rangers F.C._sentence_230

Since Johnston's signing, an influx of overseas footballers has contributed to Catholic players becoming commonplace at Rangers. Rangers F.C._sentence_231

In 1999, Lorenzo Amoruso became the first Catholic captain of the club. Rangers F.C._sentence_232

Rangers partnered with Celtic to form the Old Firm Alliance, an initiative aimed at educating children from across Glasgow about issues like healthy eating and fitness, as well as awareness of anti-social behaviour, sectarianism and racism. Rangers F.C._sentence_233

The club's Follow With Pride campaign was launched in 2007 to improve the club's image and build on previous anti-sectarian and anti-racist campaigns. Rangers F.C._sentence_234

William Gaillard, UEFA's Director of Communications, commended the SFA and Scottish clubs, including Rangers, for their actions in fighting discrimination. Rangers F.C._sentence_235

In September 2007, UEFA praised Rangers for the measures the club has taken against sectarianism. Rangers F.C._sentence_236

However, sectarian chanting by supporters has continued to incur criticism and sanctions upon the club as well as convictions against individuals identified. Rangers F.C._sentence_237

In 1999, the vice-chairman of The Rangers Football Club Ltd, Donald Findlay, resigned after being filmed singing sectarian songs during a supporters club event. Rangers F.C._sentence_238

UEFA's Control and Disciplinary Body has punished Rangers for incidents during European ties, most notably Villarreal in 2006, Osasuna in 2007, PSV Eindhoven in 2011, and at Ibrox in 2019. Rangers F.C._sentence_239

In February 2015, following sectarian singing from Rangers fans at a match at Raith Rovers, the SPFL came in for criticism for their failure or inability to deal with the issue. Rangers F.C._sentence_240

The police and courts are taking action, however, as Rangers fans are being charged, convicted and jailed for sectarian behaviour. Rangers F.C._sentence_241

Friendships Rangers F.C._section_19

Supporters of Rangers have a fan-friendship with the Northern Irish club Linfield F.C., dating back to 1920. Rangers F.C._sentence_242

Two of the founders of the club Moses and Peter McNeil have a Northern Irish connection through the County Down birth of their mother Jean Bain, who after moving to Scotland for work in the mid-19th century married a Scotsman, John McNeil. Rangers F.C._sentence_243

From Rangers formation to the present day, the club have had 32 players who were born in either Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and previously Ireland (from 1882-1950). Rangers F.C._sentence_244

A number were former Linfield players, and they have contributed much to the success of Rangers Football Club. Rangers F.C._sentence_245

Three former Northern Irish players have captained Rangers - Bert Manderson, John McClelland and Steven Davis; six from a Northern Irish connection have been elevated to the Rangers 'Hall of Fame' and one - Jimmy Nicholl - was the club's assistant manager in 2018. Rangers F.C._sentence_246

The fans of Rangers also have a fan-friendship with the German club Hamburger SV, dating from the 1970s when Scots moved to the German port in search of work and reinforced by their shared affection for the midfielder Jörg Albertz. Rangers F.C._sentence_247

Ownership and finances Rangers F.C._section_20

Main articles: Ownership of Rangers F.C. and Administration and liquidation of The Rangers Football Club Plc Rangers F.C._sentence_248

From incorporation to liquidation Rangers F.C._section_21

On 27 May 1899, Rangers Football Club incorporated, forming The Rangers Football Club Ltd. No single shareholding exceeded 50% until 1985 when the Lawrence Group increased its shareholding in Rangers to a 52% majority, following a deal with then club vice-chairman Jack Gillespie. Rangers F.C._sentence_249

In November 1988, head of the Lawrence Group Lawrence Marlborough sold out to David Murray for £6 million. Rangers F.C._sentence_250

In 2000, David Murray decided to list the company on the stock exchange (making it a public limited company), with the name of the company being changed to The Rangers Football Club plc. Rangers F.C._sentence_251

On 6 May 2011, Craig Whyte bought David Murray's shares for £1. Rangers F.C._sentence_252

On 13 February 2012, Whyte filed legal papers at the Court of Session giving notice of his intention to appoint administrators. Rangers F.C._sentence_253

The next day, The Rangers Football Club plc – which was subsequently renamed RFC 2012 plc – entered administration over non-payment of £9 million in PAYE and VAT taxes to HM Revenue and Customs. Rangers F.C._sentence_254

In April the administrators estimated that the club's total debts could top £134m which was largely dependent on the outcome of a First Tier Tax Tribunal concerning a disputed tax bill in relation to an Employee Benefit Trust ("EBT") scheme employed by the club since 2001. Rangers F.C._sentence_255

However, on 20 November 2012, the Tribunal ruled in favour of Rangers. Rangers F.C._sentence_256

Had that decision been upheld the tax bill could have been significantly reduced from an estimated £74m to under £2m. Rangers F.C._sentence_257

An Upper Tribunal upheld the decision in 2014. Rangers F.C._sentence_258

HMRC then appealed to the Court of Session, which ruled in November 2015 that Rangers should have paid tax and national insurance on the EBT payments. Rangers F.C._sentence_259

On 25 June 2012, the Crown Office asked Strathclyde Police to investigate the purchase of Rangers and the club's subsequent financial management during Whyte's tenure. Rangers F.C._sentence_260

Charles Green agreed a deal with the administrators of The Rangers Football Club plc to purchase the company for £8.5 million if a proposed CVA was agreed or to purchase its business and assets for a £5.5million if the proposed CVA were to be rejected. Rangers F.C._sentence_261

On 14 June 2012, the formal rejection of the proposed CVA meant that the company would enter the liquidation process. Rangers F.C._sentence_262

The accountancy firm BDO was appointed to investigate the years of financial mismanagement at the club. Rangers F.C._sentence_263

Current corporate identity Rangers F.C._section_22

On 14 June 2012, hours after the CVA's rejection, Sevco Scotland Ltd, a new company formed by Charles Green's consortium for this eventuality, completed the purchase of the business and assets of The Rangers Football Club Plc and then, on 18 June 2012, formally applied to acquire the SPL share of The Rangers Football Club plc. Rangers F.C._sentence_264

On 4 July, SPL clubs voted by 10–1 to reject the application with Kilmarnock abstaining and the old Rangers company voting in favour. Rangers F.C._sentence_265

Thereafter, an application to the Scottish Football League was successful with Rangers securing associate membership on 13 July 2012 at an SFL meeting by a vote of 29–1. Rangers F.C._sentence_266

The SFL member clubs voted that Rangers should enter the fourth tier of Scottish Football, Scottish Third Division for the 2012–13 season, rather than the Scottish First Division. Rangers F.C._sentence_267

An application was made for a transfer of SFA membership on 29 June 2012, with the new company applying for the transfer of the membership of The Rangers Football Club plc. Rangers F.C._sentence_268

Agreement was reached on the transfer with the new company accepting a number of conditions relating to the old company. Rangers F.C._sentence_269

At the end of 2012, Rangers International Football Club plc became the holding company for the group, having acquired The Rangers Football Club Ltd on the basis of a one for one share exchange. Rangers F.C._sentence_270

In 2013, after its first 13 months, the company reported operating losses of £14.4m. Rangers F.C._sentence_271

Thereafter it has continued to post annual operating losses: £9.8m in 2014 and £9.9m in 2015, £2.5m in 2016, £6.3m in 2017 and £13.2m in 2018. Rangers F.C._sentence_272

Social responsibility Rangers F.C._section_23

Support for charities Rangers F.C._section_24

Main article: Rangers Charity Foundation Rangers F.C._sentence_273

The Rangers Charity Foundation was created in 2002 and participates in a wide range of charitable work, regularly involving Rangers staff and star players. Rangers F.C._sentence_274

The foundation also has partnerships with UNICEF, The Prostate Cancer Charity and Erskine, and is responsible for over £2.3 million in donations. Rangers F.C._sentence_275

As well as fundraising, the Rangers Charity Foundation regularly bring sick, disabled and disadvantaged children to attend matches and tours at Ibrox, with the chance to meet the players. Rangers F.C._sentence_276

Through its support of the Rangers Charity Foundation, the club has helped a number of charities with support and financial donations. Rangers F.C._sentence_277

In 2008, the club became the first Scottish side to be selected as a partner club of UNICEF. Rangers F.C._sentence_278

The club's Charity Foundation has backed initiatives in Togo and India as well as funding one million vaccinations for a children's vaccination programme. Rangers F.C._sentence_279

The club has been a firm supporter of Erskine, a charity which provides long-term medical care for veterans of the British Armed Forces, and in 2012, donated £25,000 to fund projects within their care homes. Rangers F.C._sentence_280

In January 2015, Rangers hosted a charity match for the benefit of former player Fernando Ricksen who had been diagnosed with Motor neurone disease; this raised £320,000 for him and MND Scotland. Rangers F.C._sentence_281

Work in the community Rangers F.C._section_25

Alongside its work with numerous charities, the club and its Charity Foundation operate various initiatives within the community including courses to help Armed Forces veterans overcome addictions, to raise awareness of social issues and help unemployed people back into work. Rangers F.C._sentence_282

In October 2015, the club launched its Ready2Succeed programme which was a ten-week course designed to develop participants confidence and employability skills by engaging with football and fitness. Rangers F.C._sentence_283

Rangers first-team players also visit the Royal Hospital for Children in Glasgow every year during the festive period where they hand out presents to the children and donate money to the hospital activity fund. Rangers F.C._sentence_284

Popular culture Rangers F.C._section_26

In 2002, former Rangers striker Ally McCoist starred in Robert Duvall's film A Shot at Glory as Jackie McQuillan where he would play against Rangers in the Scottish Cup Final for "Kilnockie F.C.", a fictional side. Rangers F.C._sentence_285

In 2003, a Scottish television documentary series filmed by BBC Scotland, Blue Heaven, followed aspiring young footballers at Rangers as they tried to forge a career in football. Rangers F.C._sentence_286

The series was originally broadcast in the winter of 2003 with a follow up episode in 2011. Rangers F.C._sentence_287

In 2008, celebrity chef Gordon Ramsay returned to Rangers, the club he played for as a youth, to teach them how to cook in Series 4, Episode 12 of The F Word. Rangers F.C._sentence_288

Owing to the notoriety of the "Rangers Inter City Firm", a football firm associated with the club, Rangers have also featured in television documentaries and books about football hooliganism, including Series 1, Episode 5 of The Real Football Factories presented by English actor Danny Dyer on Bravo in 2006, during which he visits his first Old Firm match and meets football casuals from Rangers, Celtic, Aberdeen, Hibernian, Dundee United and Dundee. Rangers F.C._sentence_289

The club featured on BBC Scotland comedy Scotch and Wry in 1979 in a scene where Manager (Rikki Fulton) and Chief Scout (Gregor Fisher) unknowingly sign a young Catholic footballer (Gerard Kelly) but then try to void his contract to avoid publicly breaking the club's "No Catholic" signing policy after finding out. Rangers F.C._sentence_290

Rangers have appeared in theatre a number of times in shows such as Follow Follow: The Rangers Story at the King's Theatre in 1994 starring Scottish actors Barbara Rafferty, Alexander Morton, Jonathan Watson, Iain Robertson, Ronnie Letham and Stuart Bowman; Singin' I'm No A Billy He's A Tim at the Pavilion Theatre in 2009; Divided City at the Citizens Theatre in 2011; and, more recently, Billy and Tim and the Wee Glesga Ghost in 2015, and Rally Roon the Rangers in 2019, both at the Pavilion Theatre in Glasgow. Rangers F.C._sentence_291

William Orcutt Cushing's hymn "Follow On", also known as "Down in the Valley with My Saviour I Would Go" or "I Will Follow Jesus", has been adopted as the anthem of Rangers in their club song "Follow Follow". Rangers F.C._sentence_292

The club has also adopted the anthem of "The Best" written by Mike Chapman and Holly Knight for when Rangers and the opposition team exit the tunnel prior to kick off. Rangers F.C._sentence_293

Rangers currently hold a certified Guinness World Record. Rangers F.C._sentence_294

The club previously held the record for the most goals scored in the Scottish Premier League by an individual player, 164 by Kris Boyd playing for Kilmarnock and Rangers from 2001 to 2010. Rangers F.C._sentence_295

This record was broken by Kris Boyd again three years later after scoring 167 Scottish Premier League goals in total after re-joining Kilmarnock back in 2013. Rangers F.C._sentence_296

Rangers held the record for most top-flight domestic league titles won by a football club: 54 in Scottish Division 1 and the Scottish Premier League, between 1891 and 2011. Rangers F.C._sentence_297

The club held the certified record from 15 May 2011 to 26 June 2020. Rangers F.C._sentence_298

Records Rangers F.C._section_27

Main article: List of Rangers F.C. records and statistics Rangers F.C._sentence_299

Club Rangers F.C._section_28

Player Rangers F.C._section_29

Players Rangers F.C._section_30

First-team squad Rangers F.C._section_31

Rangers F.C._description_list_2

  • As of 5 October 2020Rangers F.C._item_2_8

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Rangers F.C._sentence_300

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Rangers F.C._sentence_301

On loan Rangers F.C._section_32

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Rangers F.C._sentence_302

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Rangers F.C._sentence_303

Academy squads Rangers F.C._section_33

For more details on the academy squads, see Rangers F.C. Under-20s and Academy. Rangers F.C._sentence_304

Retired and reserved numbers Rangers F.C._section_34

Main article: Retired numbers in football Rangers F.C._sentence_305

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_3

  • Number 12 is reserved for the fans (often referred to as the 12th man)Rangers F.C._item_3_9

Staff Rangers F.C._section_35

Board of directors Rangers F.C._section_36

Rangers F.C. is owned and operated by The Rangers Football Club Limited ("TRFCL"), which, in turn, is a subsidiary of the holding company Rangers International Football Club Plc ("RIFC"). Rangers F.C._sentence_306

The latter company, RIFC, also owns other corporations related to Rangers including Rangers Retail Ltd, Rangers Media Ltd and Garrion Security Services Ltd who are responsible for providing match day security at Ibrox Stadium. Rangers F.C._sentence_307

As of 1 June 2020 Rangers F.C._sentence_308

Rangers F.C._description_list_4

Rangers F.C._table_general_2

PositionRangers F.C._header_cell_2_0_0 NameRangers F.C._header_cell_2_0_1
Interim ChairmanRangers F.C._cell_2_1_0 Scotland Douglas ParkRangers F.C._cell_2_1_1
Deputy ChairmanRangers F.C._cell_2_2_0 Scotland John BennettRangers F.C._cell_2_2_1
Company SecretaryRangers F.C._cell_2_3_0 Scotland James BlairRangers F.C._cell_2_3_1
Non-Executive DirectorRangers F.C._cell_2_4_0 Scotland Alastair JohnstonRangers F.C._cell_2_4_1
Non-Executive DirectorRangers F.C._cell_2_5_0 Scotland Graeme ParkRangers F.C._cell_2_5_1
Non-Executive DirectorRangers F.C._cell_2_6_0 Scotland Barry ScottRangers F.C._cell_2_6_1
Non-Executive DirectorRangers F.C._cell_2_7_0 Denmark Julian WolhardtRangers F.C._cell_2_7_1

Rangers F.C._description_list_5

Rangers F.C._table_general_3

PositionRangers F.C._header_cell_3_0_0 NameRangers F.C._header_cell_3_0_1
Managing DirectorRangers F.C._cell_3_1_0 Scotland Stewart RobertsonRangers F.C._cell_3_1_1
Commercial and Marketing DirectorRangers F.C._cell_3_2_0 England James BisgroveRangers F.C._cell_3_2_1
Company SecretaryRangers F.C._cell_3_3_0 Scotland James BlairRangers F.C._cell_3_3_1
Director of Finance and AdministrationRangers F.C._cell_3_4_0 Scotland Andrew DicksonRangers F.C._cell_3_4_1
Sporting DirectorRangers F.C._cell_3_5_0 Scotland Ross WilsonRangers F.C._cell_3_5_1

First-team staff Rangers F.C._section_37

As of 6 August 2020 Rangers F.C._sentence_309

Rangers F.C._table_general_4

PositionRangers F.C._header_cell_4_0_0 NameRangers F.C._header_cell_4_0_1
ManagerRangers F.C._cell_4_1_0 England Steven GerrardRangers F.C._cell_4_1_1
Assistant ManagerRangers F.C._cell_4_2_0 Scotland Gary McAllisterRangers F.C._cell_4_2_1
First Team CoachRangers F.C._cell_4_3_0 England Michael BealeRangers F.C._cell_4_3_1
Technical CoachRangers F.C._cell_4_4_0 England Tom CulshawRangers F.C._cell_4_4_1
Head of PerformanceRangers F.C._cell_4_5_0 England Jordan MilsomRangers F.C._cell_4_5_1
Goalkeeping CoachRangers F.C._cell_4_6_0 Scotland Colin StewartRangers F.C._cell_4_6_1
Head of ScoutingRangers F.C._cell_4_7_0 England Andy ScouldingRangers F.C._cell_4_7_1
Club ScoutsRangers F.C._cell_4_8_0 Scotland John Brown

England Mervyn Day Scotland Billy McLarenRangers F.C._cell_4_8_1

Scouting CoordinatorRangers F.C._cell_4_9_0 England Rob ClarksonRangers F.C._cell_4_9_1
Lead Technical ScoutRangers F.C._cell_4_10_0 England Steve DoyleRangers F.C._cell_4_10_1
Loans ManagerRangers F.C._cell_4_11_0 Scotland Billy KirkwoodRangers F.C._cell_4_11_1
Head of Performance AnalysisRangers F.C._cell_4_12_0 England Scott MasonRangers F.C._cell_4_12_1
First Team AnalystRangers F.C._cell_4_13_0 Scotland Graeme StevensonRangers F.C._cell_4_13_1
Head of PreparationRangers F.C._cell_4_14_0 Scotland Craig FlanniganRangers F.C._cell_4_14_1
Head of Strength and ConditioningRangers F.C._cell_4_15_0 Greece Paraskevas PolychronopoulosRangers F.C._cell_4_15_1
Club DoctorRangers F.C._cell_4_16_0 England Dr Mark WallerRangers F.C._cell_4_16_1
Head PhysiotherapistRangers F.C._cell_4_17_0 England Steve WalkerRangers F.C._cell_4_17_1
MasseurRangers F.C._cell_4_18_0 Scotland David LaveryRangers F.C._cell_4_18_1
Kit ExecutiveRangers F.C._cell_4_19_0 Scotland Jimmy BellRangers F.C._cell_4_19_1

Club staff Rangers F.C._section_38

As of 1 June 2020 Rangers F.C._sentence_310

Rangers F.C._table_general_5

PositionRangers F.C._header_cell_5_0_0 NameRangers F.C._header_cell_5_0_1
Honorary Life PresidentRangers F.C._cell_5_1_0 Scotland John GreigRangers F.C._cell_5_1_1
Head of Communications and Media RelationsRangers F.C._cell_5_2_0 Northern_Ireland David GrahamRangers F.C._cell_5_2_1
Head of Ambassadors and Business DevelopmentRangers F.C._cell_5_3_0 England Mark HateleyRangers F.C._cell_5_3_1
Global AmbassadorRangers F.C._cell_5_4_0 Scotland Richard GoughRangers F.C._cell_5_4_1
Club AmbassadorRangers F.C._cell_5_5_0 Scotland Derek JohnstoneRangers F.C._cell_5_5_1
Supporters Liaison OfficerRangers F.C._cell_5_6_0 Scotland Greg MarshallRangers F.C._cell_5_6_1

Managers Rangers F.C._section_39

For a list of team managers, see List of Rangers F.C. managers. Rangers F.C._sentence_311

17 men have been manager of Rangers during the club's history. Rangers F.C._sentence_312

9 men have taken charge of the side on a caretaker basis, while 5 men served as Secretaries choosing the team, prior to the appointment of the club's first manager William Wilton in 1899. Rangers F.C._sentence_313

The longest serving manager was Bill Struth who served for 34 years and 26 days. Rangers F.C._sentence_314

Rangers have had three foreign managers during their history; Dick Advocaat (1 June 1998 to 12 December 2001), Paul Le Guen (9 May 2006 to 4 January 2007) and Pedro Caixinha (11 March 2017 to 26 October 2017). Rangers F.C._sentence_315

Graeme Souness is the only player-manager during Rangers' history. Rangers F.C._sentence_316

There have been two repeat appointments: Jock Wallace and Walter Smith. Rangers F.C._sentence_317

The most successful manager in terms of the number of trophies won is Bill Struth with 18 League titles, 10 Scottish Cups and two League Cups, but the most successful manager in terms of trophies to time served is Walter Smith with seven league titles, three Scottish Cups and three League Cups in 7 years 42 days. Rangers F.C._sentence_318

Smith won three league titles, two Scottish Cups and three League Cups in the four years, 126 days of his second spell. Rangers F.C._sentence_319

Rangers' other manager with notable success was William Waddell who won the European Cup Winner's Cup during his two years and 175-day stint. Rangers F.C._sentence_320

Honours Rangers F.C._section_40

See also: Reserves and Academy honours and Rangers F.C. honours in full Rangers F.C._sentence_321

As of 1 June 2020 Rangers F.C._sentence_322

Domestic honours Rangers F.C._section_41

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_6

Rangers F.C._description_list_7

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_8

Rangers F.C._description_list_9

  • Rangers F.C._item_9_15

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_10

Rangers F.C._description_list_11

  • Rangers F.C._item_11_18

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_12

Rangers F.C._description_list_13

  • Rangers F.C._item_13_21

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_14

Rangers F.C._description_list_15

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_16

Rangers F.C._description_list_17

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_18

Rangers F.C._description_list_19

  • Rangers F.C._item_19_32
    • 2015–16Rangers F.C._item_19_33
    • Runners-up: (1)Rangers F.C._item_19_34

European honours Rangers F.C._section_42

Main article: Rangers F.C. in European football Rangers F.C._sentence_323

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_20

Doubles and trebles Rangers F.C._section_43

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_21

  • League Title, Scottish Cup, League Cup: 7Rangers F.C._item_21_42

Rangers F.C._description_list_22

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_23

  • League Title and Scottish Cup: 11Rangers F.C._item_23_45

Rangers F.C._description_list_24

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_25

  • League Title and League Cup: 10Rangers F.C._item_25_48

Rangers F.C._description_list_26

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_27

  • Scottish Cup and League Cup: 4Rangers F.C._item_27_51

Rangers F.C._description_list_28

Notable statistics Rangers F.C._section_44

Rangers became the first British side to reach a UEFA-sanctioned European final in 1961. Rangers F.C._sentence_324

UEFA club coefficient rankings Rangers F.C._section_45

Rangers F.C._description_list_29

  • As of 11 December 2020Rangers F.C._item_29_54

Rangers F.C._table_general_6

RankingRangers F.C._header_cell_6_0_0 ClubRangers F.C._header_cell_6_0_1 CountryRangers F.C._header_cell_6_0_2 2020/21 PointsRangers F.C._header_cell_6_0_3 Total PointsRangers F.C._header_cell_6_0_4 National Association PointsRangers F.C._header_cell_6_0_5
56Rangers F.C._cell_6_1_0 APOELRangers F.C._cell_6_1_1 CyprusRangers F.C._cell_6_1_2 2.500Rangers F.C._cell_6_1_3 28.000Rangers F.C._cell_6_1_4 5.550Rangers F.C._cell_6_1_5
57Rangers F.C._cell_6_2_0 PSV EindhovenRangers F.C._cell_6_2_1 NetherlandsRangers F.C._cell_6_2_2 8.000Rangers F.C._cell_6_2_3 27.000Rangers F.C._cell_6_2_4 7.360Rangers F.C._cell_6_2_5
58Rangers F.C._cell_6_3_0 İstanbul BaşakşehirRangers F.C._cell_6_3_1 TurkeyRangers F.C._cell_6_3_2 6.000Rangers F.C._cell_6_3_3 26.500Rangers F.C._cell_6_3_4 6.020Rangers F.C._cell_6_3_5
59Rangers F.C._cell_6_4_0 RangersRangers F.C._cell_6_4_1 ScotlandRangers F.C._cell_6_4_2 10.000Rangers F.C._cell_6_4_3 26.250Rangers F.C._cell_6_4_4 6.425Rangers F.C._cell_6_4_5
60Rangers F.C._cell_6_5_0 LudogoretsRangers F.C._cell_6_5_1 BulgariaRangers F.C._cell_6_5_2 0.000Rangers F.C._cell_6_5_3 25.000Rangers F.C._cell_6_5_4 4.075Rangers F.C._cell_6_5_5
61Rangers F.C._cell_6_6_0 RSC AnderlechtRangers F.C._cell_6_6_1 BelgiumRangers F.C._cell_6_6_2 -Rangers F.C._cell_6_6_3 25.000Rangers F.C._cell_6_6_4 7.260Rangers F.C._cell_6_6_5
62Rangers F.C._cell_6_7_0 K.A.A. GentRangers F.C._cell_6_7_1 BelgiumRangers F.C._cell_6_7_2 0.000Rangers F.C._cell_6_7_3 23.500Rangers F.C._cell_6_7_4 7.260Rangers F.C._cell_6_7_5

Notable former players Rangers F.C._section_46

Main article: List of Rangers F.C. players Rangers F.C._sentence_325

See also: List of Rangers F.C. international footballers and Rangers F.C. Hall of Fame Rangers F.C._sentence_326

Club Captains Rangers F.C._section_47

For further information, see Rangers club captains Rangers F.C._sentence_327

Greatest ever team Rangers F.C._section_48

The following team was voted the greatest ever Rangers team by supporters in 1999. Rangers F.C._sentence_328

When the vote was launched it was feared that younger voters would ignore the great service of many of the pre-war stars (notably the most successful captain and most successful manager the club has ever had, Davie Meiklejohn and Bill Struth respectively). Rangers F.C._sentence_329

When the ballot was launched Donald Findlay stated it would be limited to post Second World War players because "few can recall players of these earlier eras": Rangers F.C._sentence_330

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_30

Scottish Football Hall of Fame Rangers F.C._section_49

As of 1 June 2020, 33 players and managers to have been involved with Rangers in their careers have entered the Scottish Football Hall of Fame: Rangers F.C._sentence_331

Scottish FA International Roll of Honour Rangers F.C._section_50

The Scottish FA International Roll of Honour recognises players who have gained 50 or more international caps for Scotland. Rangers F.C._sentence_332

As of 1 June 2020, the 10 inductees to have won caps while playing for Rangers are: Rangers F.C._sentence_333

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_31

Scottish Sports Hall of Fame Rangers F.C._section_51

Three Rangers players have been selected in the Scottish Sports Hall of Fame, they are: Rangers F.C._sentence_334

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_32

Sponsors Rangers F.C._section_52

As of 2 November 2020, Rangers are sponsored by: Rangers F.C._sentence_335

Official partners Rangers F.C._section_53

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_33

  • Official Kit Manufacturer, Retail, Merchandise and Licensing Partner - CastoreRangers F.C._item_33_79
  • Official Club Sponsor – 32RedRangers F.C._item_33_80
  • Official Sleeve Partner - Tomket TiresRangers F.C._item_33_81
  • Official Back of Shirt Partner – The Energy CheckRangers F.C._item_33_82
  • Official Logistics Partner – SEKO LogisticsRangers F.C._item_33_83
  • Official Training Kit Partner – UnibetRangers F.C._item_33_84
  • Official Energy Partner – Utilita EnergyRangers F.C._item_33_85
  • Official Women's Partner – DCP CapitalRangers F.C._item_33_86
  • Official Academy Partner – Carrick PackagingRangers F.C._item_33_87
  • Official Lager Partner – Tennent's LagerRangers F.C._item_33_88
  • Official Hydration Partner – Lucozade SportRangers F.C._item_33_89
  • Official Energy Drink Partner – Eighty-One PowerdrinkRangers F.C._item_33_90
  • Official Payments Partner – Sporting PayRangers F.C._item_33_91
  • Official Video Game Partner – eFootball Pro Evolution Soccer 2021Rangers F.C._item_33_92

Associate partners Rangers F.C._section_54

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_34

  • Official Events Partner – TurnberryRangers F.C._item_34_93

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_35

  • Official Snacking Partner – CadburyRangers F.C._item_35_94

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_36

  • Official Insurance Partner – Rangers ProtectRangers F.C._item_36_95

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_37

  • Official Special Offers and Discounts Partner – Fan LogicRangers F.C._item_37_96

Official suppliers Rangers F.C._section_55

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_38

  • Official Business Travel Supplier - Clarity Business Travel (Clarity Sports)Rangers F.C._item_38_97
  • Official Supporter Travel Supplier - Corporate Travel Management Sport (CTM Sport)Rangers F.C._item_38_98
  • Official Cryotherapy Supplier - CryoActionRangers F.C._item_38_99
  • Official Soft Drink Supplier – Coca-ColaRangers F.C._item_38_100
  • Official Television Supplier - Sky SportsRangers F.C._item_38_101
  • Official Personal Care Supplier - Molton BrownRangers F.C._item_38_102
  • Official Radio Partner - Go RadioRangers F.C._item_38_103
  • Official Rangers Legends Events Supplier - 5 StarsRangers F.C._item_38_104
  • Official Airport Partner - Glasgow AirportRangers F.C._item_38_105

Club partners Rangers F.C._section_56

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_39

A full list of Rangers commercial partners and sponsors can be found on the official club website and in the Rangers matchday programme, available at every home game. Rangers F.C._sentence_336

See also Rangers F.C._section_57

Rangers F.C._unordered_list_40

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rangers F.C..