Ray Brown (musician)

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For other people with the same name, see Raymond Brown (disambiguation). Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_0

Ray Brown (musician)_table_infobox_0

Ray BrownRay Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationRay Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_1_0
Birth nameRay Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_2_0 Raymond Matthews BrownRay Brown (musician)_cell_0_2_1
BornRay Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_3_0 (1926-10-13)October 13, 1926

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.Ray Brown (musician)_cell_0_3_1

DiedRay Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_4_0 July 2, 2002(2002-07-02) (aged 75)

Indianapolis, IndianaRay Brown (musician)_cell_0_4_1

GenresRay Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_5_0 JazzRay Brown (musician)_cell_0_5_1
Occupation(s)Ray Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_6_0 MusicianRay Brown (musician)_cell_0_6_1
InstrumentsRay Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_7_0 Double bass, celloRay Brown (musician)_cell_0_7_1
Years activeRay Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_8_0 1946-2002Ray Brown (musician)_cell_0_8_1
LabelsRay Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_9_0 Ray Brown (musician)_cell_0_9_1
Associated actsRay Brown (musician)_header_cell_0_10_0 Ella Fitzgerald, Oscar Peterson, The L.A. FourRay Brown (musician)_cell_0_10_1

Raymond Matthews Brown (October 13, 1926 – July 2, 2002) was an American jazz double bassist known for extensive work with Oscar Peterson and Ella Fitzgerald. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_1

Biography Ray Brown (musician)_section_0

Early life Ray Brown (musician)_section_1

Ray Brown was born October 13, 1926 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and took piano lessons from the age of eight. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_2

After noticing how many pianists attended his high school, he thought of taking up the trombone, but was unable to afford one. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_3

With a vacancy in the high school jazz orchestra, he took up the upright bass. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_4

Career Ray Brown (musician)_section_2

A major early influence on Brown's bass playing was Jimmy Blanton, the bassist in the Duke Ellington band. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_5

As a young man Brown became increasingly well known in the Pittsburgh jazz scene, with his first experiences playing in bands with the Jimmy Hinsley Sextet and the Snookum Russell band. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_6

After graduating high school, having heard stories about the burgeoning jazz scene on 52nd Street in New York City, he bought a one-way ticket to New York. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_7

He arrived in New York at the age of 20, met up with Hank Jones, with whom he had previously worked, and was introduced to Dizzy Gillespie, who was looking for a bass player. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_8

Gillespie hired Brown on the spot, and he soon played with such established musicians as Art Tatum and Charlie Parker. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_9

In 1948, Brown left Dizzy's band to start a trio with Hank Jones and Charlie Smith. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_10

From 1946 to 1951, Brown played in Gillespie's band. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_11

Brown, along with the vibraphonist Milt Jackson, drummer Kenny Clarke, and pianist John Lewis formed the rhythm section of the Gillespie band. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_12

Lewis, Clarke, and Jackson eventually formed the Modern Jazz Quartet. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_13

Brown became acquainted with singer Ella Fitzgerald when she joined the Gillespie band as a special attraction for a tour of the southern United States in 1947. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_14

The two married that year, and together they adopted a child born to Fitzgerald's half-sister Frances, whom they christened Ray Brown, Jr. Fitzgerald and Brown divorced in 1953, bowing to the various career pressures both were experiencing at the time, though they would continue to perform together. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_15

From 1951 to 1965, Brown was a member of the Oscar Peterson Trio. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_16

The trio included a guitarist until 1958 (initially Barney Kessel, and then Herb Ellis). Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_17

After Ellis left the group, Peterson decided to continue the trio with Brown and drummer Ed Thigpen. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_18

Brown recorded extensively as a session musician for producer Norman Granz during the 1950s (for Granz's Clef, Norgran, and Verve record labels), often alongside Peterson. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_19

After leaving the Oscar Peterson Trio, Brown concentrated on studio work in Los Angeles. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_20

Later career Ray Brown (musician)_section_3

Brown guested as a bass player on "Razor Boy", the second track on Steely Dan's second album, Countdown to Ecstasy, released in 1973. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_21

From 1974 to 1982, Brown performed and recorded a series of albums with guitarist Laurindo Almeida, saxophonist and flutist Bud Shank, and drummer Shelly Manne (replaced by Jeff Hamilton after 1977) under the name The L.A. Four. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_22

In the 1980s and 1990s Brown led his own trios and continued to refine his bass playing style. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_23

In his later years he recorded and toured extensively with pianist Gene Harris. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_24

In the early 1980s, Brown met Diana Krall in a restaurant in Nanaimo, British Columbia. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_25

According to Jeff Hamilton, in an interview recorded on the Diana Krall Live in Rio DVD, he first heard Krall play at a workshop and, impressed with her piano skills (she was not yet singing), introduced her to bassist John Clayton. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_26

Hamilton and Clayton both encouraged Krall to move to Los Angeles to study under Brown and others. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_27

In 1990, he teamed up with pianist Bobby Enriquez and drummer Al Foster, for Enriquez's album, The Wildman Returns. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_28

Around the same time, Brown made seven albums with pianist André Previn when, after a hiatus of two decades, Previn returned to jazz to perform and record regularly again between 1989 and 2002: After Hours (1989, with guitarist Joe Pass), Uptown (1990, with guitarist Mundell Lowe), Old Friends (1992, live recording, with guitarist Mundell Lowe), Kiri Sidetracks. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_29 The Jazz Album (1992, with singer Kiri Te Kanawa and guitarist Mundell Lowe), What Headphones? Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_30

(1992, with Mundell Lowe, Jim Pugh on trombone, Warren Vache on cornet, Richard Todd on horn, Grady Tate on drums, and The Antioch Baptist Choir), André Previn and Friends Play Show Boat (1995, with Mundell Lowe and Grady Tate), and Jazz at the Musikverein (1997, live recording, with Mundell Lowe). Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_31

Brown and Previn had recorded together before in the 1960s on 4 To Go! Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_32

(1963, with guitarist Herb Ellis and drummer Shelly Manne) and Right as the Rain (1967, with singer Leontyne Price). Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_33

An hour-long film, Together on Broadway. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_34

The Making of Sidetracks documents the work on the album Kiri Sidetracks. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_35

The Jazz Album. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_36

Brown played for a time with the "Quartet" with Monty Alexander, Milt Jackson, and Mickey Roker. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_37

After that he toured again with his own trio, with several young pianists such as Benny Green, Geoffrey Keezer, and Larry Fuller. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_38

The last edition of the Ray Brown Trio included pianist Larry Fuller and drummer Karriem Riggins. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_39

With that trio, Brown continued to perform until his death in 2002. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_40

Private life Ray Brown (musician)_section_4

Ray Brown married Ella Fitzgerald in 1947. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_41

The couple adopted a son, Ray Jr., but the marriage did not last long, as work kept them apart. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_42

Ray and Ella divorced in 1953, but remained friends and occasionally worked together. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_43

Brown died in his sleep July 2, 2002, after having played golf, before a show in Indianapolis. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_44

Awards and honors Ray Brown (musician)_section_5

In 1995, Brown was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_45

In 2001, Brown was awarded the Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class and in 2003, he was inducted into the DownBeat Jazz Hall of Fame. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_46

Grammys Ray Brown (musician)_section_6

He was awarded his first Grammy for his composition "Gravy Waltz", a tune which would later be used as the theme song for The Steve Allen Show. Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_47

Discography Ray Brown (musician)_section_7

Main article: Ray Brown discography Ray Brown (musician)_sentence_48

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray Brown (musician).