Reinhard Sorge

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Reinhard Sorge_table_infobox_0

Reinhard Johannes SorgeReinhard Sorge_header_cell_0_0_0
BornReinhard Sorge_header_cell_0_1_0 (1892-01-29)29 January 1892

Berlin, GermanyReinhard Sorge_cell_0_1_1

DiedReinhard Sorge_header_cell_0_2_0 20 July 1916(1916-07-20) (aged 24)

Ablaincourt, FranceReinhard Sorge_cell_0_2_1

OccupationReinhard Sorge_header_cell_0_3_0 WriterReinhard Sorge_cell_0_3_1
NationalityReinhard Sorge_header_cell_0_4_0 GermanReinhard Sorge_cell_0_4_1
Literary movementReinhard Sorge_header_cell_0_5_0 ExpressionismReinhard Sorge_cell_0_5_1

Reinhard Sorge (29 January 1892, Berlin, German Empire – 20 July 1916, Ablaincourt, France) was a German dramatist and poet. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_0

He is best known for writing the Expressionist play The Beggar (Der Bettler), which won the Kleist Prize in 1912. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_1

Sorge served in the Imperial German Army in World War I beginning in 1915. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_2

He was killed in action at the Battle of the Somme in summer 1916. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_3

Early life Reinhard Sorge_section_0

Sorge was born in Berlin-Rixdorf, the son of a middle class salesman. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_4

When he was nine years old, his family moved to Jena. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_5

According to Tim Cross, Reinhard Sorge_sentence_6

He began to write at the age of sixteen, but lost his faith after discovering the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_7

He was also greatly inspired by the writings of Stefan George and August Strindberg. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_8

According to Rev. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_9

B. O'Brien, Reinhard Sorge_sentence_10

Writing career Reinhard Sorge_section_1

After leaving school, Sorge switched to writing full-time. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_11

According to O'Brien, Reinhard Sorge_sentence_12

In 1912, "The Beggar" was published to rapt reviews and subsequently awarded that year's Kleist Prize. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_13

Sorge used his winnings to marry his longtime fiancée, Susanne Maria Handewerk. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_14

Together, they took a honeymoon cruise via North German Lloyd to Italy. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_15

While on tour in Naples and Rome, the Sorges were deeply moved by the pious Catholicism of the Italian people. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_16

In a letter to his mother, Sorge wrote, Reinhard Sorge_sentence_17

Conversion Reinhard Sorge_section_2

After returning to Germany, the Sorges were received into the Roman Catholic Church at Jena in September 1913. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_18

He subsequently wrote to a friend, Reinhard Sorge_sentence_19

To the distress of Germany's Expressionist movement, Sorge vowed, "Thenceforth my pen has been and forever will be Christ's stylus—until my death." Reinhard Sorge_sentence_20

As a result, his subsequent writings were all centered on fervently religious themes. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_21

He also succeeded in winning over many of his friends and relatives to Catholicism. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_22

Sorge had less success in his evangelizing letters to Ranier Maria Rilke and to his former mentor, Richard Dehmel. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_23

The subsequent influence of Sorge on German Catholic poetry led Rev. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_24

B. O'Brien to compare him to Francis Thompson. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_25

Military service in the First World War and death Reinhard Sorge_section_3

Sorge was drafted in the Imperial German Army in 1915. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_26

According to his letters to Susanne, Sorge used his devout Catholic beliefs in order to deal with the horrors of trench warfare. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_27

He also spent much of his free time trying to win his fellow soldiers over to Roman Catholicism. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_28

While serving at the Somme, Sorge was severely wounded and died the same day, 20 July 1916, at a field dressing station near Ablaincourt. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_29

A short time before, he had written to Susanne, Reinhard Sorge_sentence_30

Burial Reinhard Sorge_section_4

According to the website of the German War Graves Commission, Reinhard Johannes Sorge lies buried in a communal war grave at the Vermandovillers German war cemetery, located near the battlefield where he died. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_31

The remains of the Expressionist poet Alfred Lichtenstein lie in the same cemetery. Reinhard Sorge_sentence_32

Writings Reinhard Sorge_section_5

Stage Plays Reinhard Sorge_section_6

Reinhard Sorge_unordered_list_0

  • Der Bettler. Eine dramatische Sendung (1912);Reinhard Sorge_item_0_0
  • Guntwar. Die Stunde eines Propheten (1914);Reinhard Sorge_item_0_1
  • Metanoeite. Drei Mysterien (1915);Reinhard Sorge_item_0_2
  • König David (1916);Reinhard Sorge_item_0_3
  • Mystische Zwiesprache (1922);Reinhard Sorge_item_0_4
  • Der Sieg des Christos. Eine Vision (1924);Reinhard Sorge_item_0_5
  • Der Jüngling (frühere Dramen umfassend;1925);Reinhard Sorge_item_0_6

Poetry Reinhard Sorge_section_7

Reinhard Sorge_unordered_list_1

  • Mutter der Himmel. Ein Sang in zwölf Gesängen (1917);Reinhard Sorge_item_1_7
  • Gericht über Zarathustra. Vision (1921);Reinhard Sorge_item_1_8
  • Preis der Unbefleckten. Sang über die Begegnung zu Lourde's (1924);Reinhard Sorge_item_1_9
  • Nachgelassene Gedichte (1925);Reinhard Sorge_item_1_10

Collected works Reinhard Sorge_section_8

Reinhard Sorge_unordered_list_2

  • Werke, 3 Volumes (1962–67).Reinhard Sorge_item_2_11

Others Reinhard Sorge_section_9

Reinhard Sorge_unordered_list_3

  • Bekenntnisse und Lobpreisungen, edited by Otto Karrera (München, 1960).Reinhard Sorge_item_3_12

Resources Reinhard Sorge_section_10

Reinhard Sorge_unordered_list_4

  • Rev. B. O'Brien, S.J., "From Nietzsche to Christ: Reinhard Johannes Sorge," Irish Monthly, December 1932, pages 713-722.Reinhard Sorge_item_4_13
  • Private, Reserve Infantry Regiment 69, 6 Kompagnie; Prussian casualty list No. 607 of 15 August 1916, p 14057/Deutsche casualty list.Reinhard Sorge_item_4_14

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Sorge.