Nasal retroflex click

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Nasal retroflex click_table_infobox_0

Nasal retroflex velar clickNasal retroflex click_header_cell_0_0_0
ŋ͡‼Nasal retroflex click_header_cell_0_1_0
ᵑ‼Nasal retroflex click_header_cell_0_2_0
‼̃Nasal retroflex click_header_cell_0_3_0

Nasal retroflex click_table_infobox_1

Nasal retroflex uvular clickNasal retroflex click_header_cell_1_0_0
ɴ͡‼Nasal retroflex click_header_cell_1_1_0
(etc)Nasal retroflex click_header_cell_1_2_0

Main articles: Retroflex click and nasal click Nasal retroflex click_sentence_0

The retroflex nasal click is a rare click consonant. Nasal retroflex click_sentence_1

There is no symbol for it in the International Phonetic Alphabet. Nasal retroflex click_sentence_2

The Beach convention is ⟨ᵑ‼⟩, and this is used in practical orthography. Nasal retroflex click_sentence_3

Features Nasal retroflex click_section_0

Features of the retroflex nasal click: Nasal retroflex click_sentence_4

Nasal retroflex click_unordered_list_0

  • The airstream mechanism is lingual ingressive (also known as velaric ingressive), which means a pocket of air trapped between two closures is rarefied by a "sucking" action of the tongue, rather than being moved by the glottis or the lungs/diaphragm. The release of the forward closure produces the "click" sound. Voiced and nasal clicks have a simultaneous pulmonic egressive airstream.Nasal retroflex click_item_0_0
  • Its place of articulation is retroflex, which prototypically means it is articulated subapical (with the tip of the tongue curled up), but more generally, it means that it is postalveolar without being palatalized. That is, besides the prototypical subapical articulation, the tongue contact can be apical (pointed) or laminal (flat).Nasal retroflex click_item_0_1
  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.Nasal retroflex click_item_0_2
  • It is a nasal consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the nose, either exclusively (nasal stops) or in addition to through the mouth.Nasal retroflex click_item_0_3
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.Nasal retroflex click_item_0_4

Occurrence Nasal retroflex click_section_1

Retroflex nasal clicks are only attested from two languages, Central !Kung and Damin. Nasal retroflex click_sentence_5

Nasal retroflex click_table_general_2

LanguageNasal retroflex click_header_cell_2_0_0 WordNasal retroflex click_header_cell_2_0_1 IPANasal retroflex click_header_cell_2_0_2 MeaningNasal retroflex click_header_cell_2_0_3
DaminNasal retroflex click_cell_2_1_0 rn!iiNasal retroflex click_cell_2_1_1 [ᵑ‼iː]Nasal retroflex click_cell_2_1_2 -Nasal retroflex click_cell_2_1_3

Glottalized alveolar nasal click Nasal retroflex click_section_2

Nasal retroflex click_table_infobox_3


alveolar nasal clickNasal retroflex click_header_cell_3_0_0

‼̃ˀNasal retroflex click_header_cell_3_1_0
ᵑ‼͜ʔNasal retroflex click_header_cell_3_2_0
ᵑ̊‼ˀNasal retroflex click_header_cell_3_3_0
ᵑ‼ˀNasal retroflex click_header_cell_3_4_0

Main article: Glottalized click Nasal retroflex click_sentence_6

All Khoisan languages have glottalized nasal clicks. Nasal retroflex click_sentence_7

These are formed by closing the glottis so that the click is pronounced in silence; however, any preceding vowel will be nasalized. Nasal retroflex click_sentence_8

Nasal retroflex click_table_general_4

LanguageNasal retroflex click_header_cell_4_0_0 WordNasal retroflex click_header_cell_4_0_1 IPANasal retroflex click_header_cell_4_0_2 MeaningNasal retroflex click_header_cell_4_0_3 NotesNasal retroflex click_header_cell_4_0_4
Central !KungNasal retroflex click_cell_4_1_0 Nasal retroflex click_cell_4_1_1 Nasal retroflex click_cell_4_1_2 Nasal retroflex click_cell_4_1_3 Nasal retroflex click_cell_4_1_4

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: retroflex click.