For other uses, see Rhyme (disambiguation).
A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds (usually, exactly the same sound) in the final stressed syllables and any following syllables of two or more words.
More broadly, a rhyme may also variously refer to other types of similar sounds near the ends of two or more words.
The word derives from Old French rime or ryme, which might be derived from Old Frankish rīm, a Germanic term meaning "series, sequence" attested in Old English (Old English rīm meaning "enumeration, series, numeral") and Old High German rīm, ultimately cognate to Old Irish rím, Greek ἀριθμός arithmos "number".
The spelling rhyme (from original rime) was introduced at the beginning of the Modern English period from a learned (but perhaps etymologically incorrect) association with Latin rhythmus.
The older spelling rime survives in Modern English as a rare alternative spelling; cf.
Some prefer to spell it rime to separate it from the poetic rhyme covered by this article (see syllable rime).
Function of rhyming words
Rhyme partly seems to be enjoyed simply as a repeating pattern that is pleasant to hear.
It also serves as a powerful mnemonic device, facilitating memorization.
The regular use of tail rhyme helps to mark off the ends of lines, thus clarifying the metrical structure for the listener.
Types of rhyme
Some rhyming schemes have become associated with a specific language, culture or period, while other rhyming schemes have achieved use across languages, cultures or time periods.
However, the use of structural rhyme is not universal even within the European tradition.
Much modern poetry avoids traditional rhyme schemes.
The earliest surviving evidence of rhyming is the Chinese Shi Jing (ca. 10th century BC).
Rhyme is also occasionally used in the Bible.
Classical Greek and Latin poetry did not usually rhyme, but rhyme was used very occasionally.
For instance, Catullus includes partial rhymes in the poem Cui dono lepidum novum libellum.
Rhyme is central to classical Arabic poetry tracing back to its 6th century pre-Islamic roots.
According to some archaic sources, Irish literature introduced the rhyme to Early Medieval Europe, but that is a disputed claim.
In the 7th century, the Irish had brought the art of rhyming verses to a high pitch of perfection.
The leonine verse is notable for introducing rhyme into High Medieval literature in the 12th century.
Since dialects vary and languages change over time, lines that rhyme in a given register or era may not rhyme in another, and it may not be clear whether one should pronounce the words so that they rhyme.
- Rejoice, O Judah, and in songs divine
- With cherubim and seraphim harmonious join.
Rhyme in various languages
- Glossary of poetry terms
- An Introduction to Rhyme
- List of English words without rhymes
- Multisyllabic rhymes
- Rhyme in rap
- Rhyming recipe
- Rhyming slang (e.g. Cockney rhyming slang)
- Rhyming spiritual
- Rime table - syllable chart of the Chinese language
- Traditional rhyme
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhyme.