Rhyme

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For other uses, see Rhyme (disambiguation). Rhyme_sentence_0

A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds (usually, exactly the same sound) in the final stressed syllables and any following syllables of two or more words. Rhyme_sentence_1

Most often, this kind of perfect rhyming is consciously used for artistic effect in the final position of lines within poems or songs. Rhyme_sentence_2

More broadly, a rhyme may also variously refer to other types of similar sounds near the ends of two or more words. Rhyme_sentence_3

Furthermore, the word rhyme has come to be sometimes used as a shorthand term for any brief poem, such as a nursery rhyme or Balliol rhyme. Rhyme_sentence_4

Etymology Rhyme_section_0

The word derives from Old French rime or ryme, which might be derived from Old Frankish rīm, a Germanic term meaning "series, sequence" attested in Old English (Old English rīm meaning "enumeration, series, numeral") and Old High German rīm, ultimately cognate to Old Irish rím, Greek ἀριθμός arithmos "number". Rhyme_sentence_5

Alternatively, the Old French words may derive from Latin rhythmus, from Greek ῥυθμός (rhythmos, rhythm). Rhyme_sentence_6

The spelling rhyme (from original rime) was introduced at the beginning of the Modern English period from a learned (but perhaps etymologically incorrect) association with Latin rhythmus. Rhyme_sentence_7

The older spelling rime survives in Modern English as a rare alternative spelling; cf. Rhyme_sentence_8

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner. Rhyme_sentence_9

A distinction between the spellings is also sometimes made in the study of linguistics and phonology for which rime/rhyme is used to refer to the nucleus and coda of a syllable. Rhyme_sentence_10

Some prefer to spell it rime to separate it from the poetic rhyme covered by this article (see syllable rime). Rhyme_sentence_11

Function of rhyming words Rhyme_section_1

Rhyme partly seems to be enjoyed simply as a repeating pattern that is pleasant to hear. Rhyme_sentence_12

It also serves as a powerful mnemonic device, facilitating memorization. Rhyme_sentence_13

The regular use of tail rhyme helps to mark off the ends of lines, thus clarifying the metrical structure for the listener. Rhyme_sentence_14

As with other poetic techniques, poets use it to suit their own purposes; for example William Shakespeare often used a rhyming couplet to mark off the end of a scene in a play. Rhyme_sentence_15

Types of rhyme Rhyme_section_2

History Rhyme_section_3

In many languages, including modern European languages and Arabic, poets use rhyme in set patterns as a structural element for specific poetic forms, such as ballads, sonnets and rhyming couplets. Rhyme_sentence_16

Some rhyming schemes have become associated with a specific language, culture or period, while other rhyming schemes have achieved use across languages, cultures or time periods. Rhyme_sentence_17

However, the use of structural rhyme is not universal even within the European tradition. Rhyme_sentence_18

Much modern poetry avoids traditional rhyme schemes. Rhyme_sentence_19

The earliest surviving evidence of rhyming is the Chinese Shi Jing (ca. 10th century BC). Rhyme_sentence_20

Rhyme is also occasionally used in the Bible. Rhyme_sentence_21

Classical Greek and Latin poetry did not usually rhyme, but rhyme was used very occasionally. Rhyme_sentence_22

For instance, Catullus includes partial rhymes in the poem Cui dono lepidum novum libellum. Rhyme_sentence_23

The ancient Greeks knew rhyme, and rhymes in The Wasps by Aristophanes are noted by a translator. Rhyme_sentence_24

Rhyme is central to classical Arabic poetry tracing back to its 6th century pre-Islamic roots. Rhyme_sentence_25

According to some archaic sources, Irish literature introduced the rhyme to Early Medieval Europe, but that is a disputed claim. Rhyme_sentence_26

In the 7th century, the Irish had brought the art of rhyming verses to a high pitch of perfection. Rhyme_sentence_27

The leonine verse is notable for introducing rhyme into High Medieval literature in the 12th century. Rhyme_sentence_28

Rhyme entered European poetry in the High Middle Ages, in part under the influence of the Arabic language in Al Andalus (modern Spain). Rhyme_sentence_29

Arabic language poets used rhyme extensively from the first development of literary Arabic in the sixth century, as in their long, rhyming qasidas. Rhyme_sentence_30

Since dialects vary and languages change over time, lines that rhyme in a given register or era may not rhyme in another, and it may not be clear whether one should pronounce the words so that they rhyme. Rhyme_sentence_31

An example is this couplet from Handel's Judas Maccabaeus: Rhyme_sentence_32

Rhyme_description_list_0

  • Rejoice, O Judah, and in songs divineRhyme_item_0_0
  • With cherubim and seraphim harmonious join.Rhyme_item_0_1

Rhyme in various languages Rhyme_section_4

See also Rhyme_section_5

Rhyme_unordered_list_1


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhyme.