Richard Maibaum

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Richard Maibaum_table_infobox_0

Richard MaibaumRichard Maibaum_header_cell_0_0_0
BornRichard Maibaum_header_cell_0_1_0 May 26, 1909

New York City, New York, U.S.Richard Maibaum_cell_0_1_1

DiedRichard Maibaum_header_cell_0_2_0 January 4, 1991(1991-01-04) (aged 81)

Los Angeles, California, U.S.Richard Maibaum_cell_0_2_1

Resting placeRichard Maibaum_header_cell_0_3_0 Hollywood Forever CemeteryRichard Maibaum_cell_0_3_1
NationalityRichard Maibaum_header_cell_0_4_0 AmericanRichard Maibaum_cell_0_4_1
Alma materRichard Maibaum_header_cell_0_5_0 New York University

University of IowaRichard Maibaum_cell_0_5_1

OccupationRichard Maibaum_header_cell_0_6_0 Screenwriter, playwright, film producerRichard Maibaum_cell_0_6_1
Spouse(s)Richard Maibaum_header_cell_0_7_0 Sylvia MaibaumRichard Maibaum_cell_0_7_1

Richard Maibaum (May 26, 1909 – January 4, 1991) was an American film producer, playwright and screenwriter in the United States best known for his screenplay adaptations of Ian Fleming's James Bond novels. Richard Maibaum_sentence_0

Among his works are the first anti-lynching play on Broadway, The Tree (1932); the first anti-Nazi play on Broadway, Birthright (1933); the first movie that dealt with the problem of medication abuse, Bigger Than Life, written in 1955, released in 1956; the first film that dealt with the ethical and moral decisions in kidnapping cases, Ransom! Richard Maibaum_sentence_1 ; the first film that introduced the American public to the importance of training airmen for the defense of the United States in a war many recognized as coming, I Wanted Wings (Spring, 1941); and Diamonds Are Forever, begun 1970, the first film that discussed the use of laser-like satellite mounted weapons for global warfare." Richard Maibaum_sentence_2

His papers now reside at his alma mater, the University of Iowa. Richard Maibaum_sentence_3

Biography Richard Maibaum_section_0

Early career Richard Maibaum_section_1

Maibaum was born to a Jewish family in New York City, and attended New York University. Richard Maibaum_sentence_4

In 1930 he came to The University of Iowa's Speech and Dramatic Arts Department, where he studied under E.C. Richard Maibaum_sentence_5

Mabie. Richard Maibaum_sentence_6

He was graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1931, and in 1932 he received a master's degree, all the while writing plays and acting. Richard Maibaum_sentence_7

Broadway Richard Maibaum_section_2

He was twenty-two and still at the University of Iowa when his anti-lynching play, The Tree, became a 1932 Broadway production under the direction of the young Robert Rossen, later known for Body and Soul (1947) and a life destroyed by the Hollywood blacklist. Richard Maibaum_sentence_8

Back in New York after graduation, Maibaum spent 1933 as an actor in the Shakespearean Repertory Theater on Broadway. Richard Maibaum_sentence_9

He appeared in fifteen different roles in many productions. Richard Maibaum_sentence_10

As a young playwright in the early 1930s in New York City, Maibaum was involved with the challenging politics of the Depression. Richard Maibaum_sentence_11

In 1933, the year in which Hitler ascended to his dictatorial powers in Germany, Maibaum attacked Nazism in his play, Birthright, also directed by Rossen. Richard Maibaum_sentence_12

This was the first of several anti-Nazi plays to appear that year. Richard Maibaum_sentence_13

Maibaum then wrote Sweet Mystery of Life (1935) a stage comedy which eventually became the film Gold Diggers of 1937 (1936). Richard Maibaum_sentence_14

His rapid rise as a playwright soon earned him a contract as a writer for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, then the most powerful and prestigious studio in Hollywood. Richard Maibaum_sentence_15

While moving to LA and under contract to MGM, he wrote another play, See My Lawyer which was produced in New York by George Abbott and which starred Milton Berle. Richard Maibaum_sentence_16

This was Maibaum's most successful play, running for 224 episodes from 1939 to 1940. Richard Maibaum_sentence_17

MGM Richard Maibaum_section_3

Maibaum's first credit was The Old School Tie (1936) at MGM. Richard Maibaum_sentence_18

He did They Gave Him a Gun (1937) which he worked on with Cyril Hume. Richard Maibaum_sentence_19

They worked on Live, Love and Learn (1937) and The Bad Man of Brimstone (1937) and Stablemates (1938) for Wallace Beery. Richard Maibaum_sentence_20

Columbia Richard Maibaum_section_4

At Columbia he wrote The Lady and the Mob (1938), Coast Guard (1939), The Amazing Mr. Williams (1939). Richard Maibaum_sentence_21

Back at MGM he did The Ghost Comes Home (1940) and 20 Mule Team (1940) for Beery. Richard Maibaum_sentence_22

He was one of many writers on Alfred Hitchcock's Foreign Correspondent (1940). Richard Maibaum_sentence_23

Maibaum went to Paramount where he worked on I Wanted Wings (1941), a huge hit. Richard Maibaum_sentence_24

He did some uncredited work on Hold Back the Dawn (1941). Richard Maibaum_sentence_25

At 20th Century Fox he wrote Ten Gentlemen from West Point (1942). Richard Maibaum_sentence_26

World War Two Richard Maibaum_section_5

Maibaum joined the U.S. Army in 1942 and, like many other Hollywood writers and directors, was commissioned as a captain in the Signal Corps, During his four and one-half years in the army, he produced war morale films, assembled and disseminated combat film footage (presumably while stationed overseas) and supervised a documentary history of World War II, whose title, length, whereabouts, and, indeed, purpose, are currently unknown. Richard Maibaum_sentence_27

He eventually achieved the rank of lieutenant colonel. Richard Maibaum_sentence_28

He contributed to the story for the Olsesen-Johnson film See My Lawyer (1945). Richard Maibaum_sentence_29

Paramount Richard Maibaum_section_6

With this experience under his belt, Maibaum returned to Hollywood for a contract at Paramount as a producer and screenwriter. Richard Maibaum_sentence_30

He wrote and produced his first picture, O.S.S. Richard Maibaum_sentence_31

(1946), which starred Alan Ladd in a fictional story of the newly formed Office of Strategic Services, the precursor to the CIA. Richard Maibaum_sentence_32

This was the beginning of his fruitful association with Alan Ladd. Richard Maibaum_sentence_33

Maibaum was producer on the John Farrow-directed The Big Clock (1948). Richard Maibaum_sentence_34

He produced The Sainted Sisters (1948) with Veronica Lake, and Bride of Vengeance (1949) for director Mitchell Leisen. Richard Maibaum_sentence_35

He wrote and produced The Great Gatsby (1949) also with Alan Ladd and co-written with Yale-educated Cyril Hume. Richard Maibaum_sentence_36

Maibaum ended up sacking John Farrow as director after a dispute over casting Richard Maibaum_sentence_37

Maibaum wrote and produced Song of Surrender (1949) for Leisen. Richard Maibaum_sentence_38

He produced Dear Wife (1949), then did two more with Leisen: No Man of Her Own (1950) and Captain Carey, U.S.A. (1950) with Ladd. Richard Maibaum_sentence_39

Warwick Films Richard Maibaum_section_7

In the 1950s, American producers Irving Allen and Albert R. Broccoli were making action films in the UK under their Warwick Films banner. Richard Maibaum_sentence_40

When Broccoli signed Ladd on for a three-picture deal for Warwick, Ladd insisted on Maibaum co-writing the screenplays. Richard Maibaum_sentence_41

Maibaum moved his family to England in order to do this. Richard Maibaum_sentence_42

The first Warwick Film, The Red Beret (1953) was a bit hit. Richard Maibaum_sentence_43

It was followed by Hell Below Zero (1954). Richard Maibaum_sentence_44

He also began writing for the new medium of television, including short teleplays for The Kate Smith Evening Hour, and the critically acclaimed Emmy nominated "Fearful Decision" starring Ralph Bellamy and Sam Levene which he also co-wrote with Cyril Hume for The United States Steel Hour. Richard Maibaum_sentence_45

Maibaum returned to The University of Iowa in 1954 for one semester to teach and supervise the "Footsteps of Freedom" project, a teleplay writing course. Richard Maibaum_sentence_46

For Warwick, he worked on the war story, The Cockleshell Heroes (1955) which starred Jose Ferrer. Richard Maibaum_sentence_47

Maibaum returned to Hollywood in 1955. Richard Maibaum_sentence_48

He and Hume adapted "Fearful Decision" for the big screen in Ransom! Richard Maibaum_sentence_49

(1956) with Glenn Ford. Richard Maibaum_sentence_50

He co-wrote "Bigger Than Life," (1956) with Hume along with its star and producer, the British actor James Mason. Richard Maibaum_sentence_51

Maibaum did another for Warwick, Zarak (1956), directed by Terence Young and starring Victor Mature. Richard Maibaum_sentence_52

He and Young collaborated on the script for Warwick's No Time to Die (1958) with Mature and he did some uncredited work on Warwick's The Man Inside (1959). Richard Maibaum_sentence_53

He wrote some episodes of Wagon Train (1958) and provided the story for Warwick's The Bandit of Zhobe (1959) and Killers of Kilimanjaro (1959). Richard Maibaum_sentence_54

MGM TV Richard Maibaum_section_8

Maibaum became executive producer at M.G.M.-TV in 1958, for whom he wrote and produced the TV series The Thin Man (1957–59). Richard Maibaum_sentence_55

He also produced a pilot for a TV series Maisie (1960), based on the film series, and worked on the script for The Day They Robbed the Bank of England (1960). Richard Maibaum_sentence_56

His strong ties to the Writer's Guild and the writing profession led him to resign in 1960 during a writer's strike. Richard Maibaum_sentence_57

Maibaum wrote and produced a war film for 20th Century Fox starring Audie Murphy, Battle on the Beach (1961). Richard Maibaum_sentence_58

He then was invited by Albert Broccoli to write the first James Bond movie. Richard Maibaum_sentence_59

And thus his future career was sealed. Richard Maibaum_sentence_60

James Bond Richard Maibaum_section_9

Maibaum was brought on to write the first Bond movie, Dr. No (1962), sharing credit with Johanna Harwood and Berkely Mather. Richard Maibaum_sentence_61

He wrote the episode "The Medal" for Combat! Richard Maibaum_sentence_62

(1963), then wrote From Russia with Love (1963), sharing credit with Harwood. Richard Maibaum_sentence_63

Maibaum worked on Goldfinger (1964), on which Paul Dehn also did work. Richard Maibaum_sentence_64

He was one of several writers on Thunderball (1965). Richard Maibaum_sentence_65

You Only Live Twice (1967) was the first Bond film on which Maibaum was not credited as a writer, the producers using Roald Dahl. Richard Maibaum_sentence_66

Albert Broccoli wanted to produce a non-Bond movie, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1968), and Maibaum did some work on the script. Richard Maibaum_sentence_67

Maibaum received sole script credit for On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969), starring George Lazenby. Richard Maibaum_sentence_68

He did an early draft of Diamonds Are Forever (1971), then the producers wanted an American writer and hired Tom Mankiewicz to rework it. Richard Maibaum_sentence_69

Mankiewicz was the sole screenwriter on Live and Let Die (1973), Roger Moore's first Bond movie. Richard Maibaum_sentence_70

Instead, Maibaum wrote and produced a TV movie, Jarrett (1973), starring Glenn Ford. Richard Maibaum_sentence_71

Maibaum was brought back to the Bond movies to work on Mankiewicz's draft of The Man with the Golden Gun (1974). Richard Maibaum_sentence_72

He was one of the many writers who worked on The Spy Who Loved Me (1977), sharing credit with Christopher Wood. Richard Maibaum_sentence_73

Maibaum was not used on Moonraker (1979), the producers preferring Wood. Richard Maibaum_sentence_74

Instead, Maibaum worked on a Bond spoof, S.H.E: Security Hazards Expert (1980). Richard Maibaum_sentence_75

Michael Wilson Richard Maibaum_section_10

Maibaum was brought back to work on the Bonds in association with Michael G. Wilson, Broccoli's step-son. Richard Maibaum_sentence_76

Their first movie together was For Your Eyes Only (1981). Richard Maibaum_sentence_77

It was followed by Octopussy (1983), on which George MacDonald Fraser also did a draft; A View to a Kill (1985), Moore's last Bond; The Living Daylights (1987), the first Bond from Timothy Dalton, whom Maibaum considered the best actor of the four Bonds; and Licence to Kill (1989). Richard Maibaum_sentence_78

Maibaum once told an interviewer that writing for Bond is "a case of Walter Mitty. Richard Maibaum_sentence_79

I'm law-abiding and non-violent. Richard Maibaum_sentence_80

My great kick comes from feeling that I'm a pro, that I know my job, and that I have enough experience that I can write a solid screenplay." Richard Maibaum_sentence_81

On writing the Bonds Maibaum said "The real trick of it is to find the villain's caper. Richard Maibaum_sentence_82

Once you've got that, you're off to the races and the rest is fun." Richard Maibaum_sentence_83

Maibaum is credited with adding the essential ingredient of humor to the James Bond stories, an element lacking in the original Fleming novels. Richard Maibaum_sentence_84

Death Richard Maibaum_section_11

Maibaum continued working on Bond films until the end of his life. Richard Maibaum_sentence_85

He died on January 4, 1991 at the age of 81, survived by his wife, Sylvia (who died in 2006), two sons, Matthew and Paul, and a granddaughter, Shanna Claire. Richard Maibaum_sentence_86

Partial filmography as screenwriter Richard Maibaum_section_12

Selected films as producer Richard Maibaum_section_13

Richard Maibaum_unordered_list_0

Plays Richard Maibaum_section_14

Richard Maibaum_unordered_list_1

  • The Tree (1932)Richard Maibaum_item_1_10
  • Birthright (1933)Richard Maibaum_item_1_11
  • Sweet Mystery of Life (1935)Richard Maibaum_item_1_12
  • See My Lawyer (1939)Richard Maibaum_item_1_13
  • Middletown MuralRichard Maibaum_item_1_14
  • A Moral EntertainmentRichard Maibaum_item_1_15
  • TiradeRichard Maibaum_item_1_16
  • The Paradise QuestionRichard Maibaum_item_1_17


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard Maibaum.