Robert Bloch

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For the French racing driver, see Robert Bloch (racing driver). Robert Bloch_sentence_0

Robert Bloch_table_infobox_0

Robert BlochRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_0_0
BornRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_1_0 Robert Albert Bloch

(1917-04-05)April 5, 1917 Chicago, Illinois, USRobert Bloch_cell_0_1_1

DiedRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_2_0 September 23, 1994(1994-09-23) (aged 77)

Los Angeles, California, USRobert Bloch_cell_0_2_1

Pen nameRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_3_0 Tarleton Fiske, Will Folke, Nathan Hindin, E. K. Jarvis, Floyd Scriltch, Wilson Kane, John Sheldon, Collier YoungRobert Bloch_cell_0_3_1
OccupationRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_4_0 Novelist, short-story writerRobert Bloch_cell_0_4_1
NationalityRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_5_0 AmericanRobert Bloch_cell_0_5_1
PeriodRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_6_0 1934–1994Robert Bloch_cell_0_6_1
GenreRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_7_0 Crime, Fantasy, Horror, Science fictionRobert Bloch_cell_0_7_1
Notable worksRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_8_0 Psycho, Psycho II, Psycho House, American Gothic, FirebugRobert Bloch_cell_0_8_1
SpouseRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_9_0 Marion Ruth Holcombe (1940–63; divorced)

Eleanor Zalisko Alexander (1964–94; his death)Robert Bloch_cell_0_9_1

ChildrenRobert Bloch_header_cell_0_10_0 1Robert Bloch_cell_0_10_1

Robert Albert Bloch (/blɒk/; April 5, 1917 – September 23, 1994) was an American fiction writer, primarily of crime, horror, fantasy and science fiction, from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Robert Bloch_sentence_1

He is best known as the writer of Psycho (1959), the basis for the film of the same name by Alfred Hitchcock. Robert Bloch_sentence_2

His fondness for a pun is evident in the titles of his story collections such as Tales in a Jugular Vein, Such Stuff as Screams Are Made Of and Out of the Mouths of Graves. Robert Bloch_sentence_3

Bloch wrote hundreds of short stories and over 30 novels. Robert Bloch_sentence_4

He was one of the youngest members of the Lovecraft Circle and began his professional writing career immediately after graduation, aged 17. Robert Bloch_sentence_5

He was a protégé of H. Robert Bloch_sentence_6 P. Lovecraft, who was the first to seriously encourage his talent. Robert Bloch_sentence_7

However, while Bloch started his career by emulating Lovecraft and his brand of "cosmic horror", he later specialized in crime and horror stories dealing with a more psychological approach. Robert Bloch_sentence_8

Bloch was a contributor to pulp magazines such as Weird Tales in his early career, and was also a prolific screenwriter and a major contributor to science fiction fanzines and fandom in general. Robert Bloch_sentence_9

He won the Hugo Award (for his story "That Hell-Bound Train"), the Bram Stoker Award, and the World Fantasy Award. Robert Bloch_sentence_10

He served a term as president of the Mystery Writers of America (1970) and was a member of that organization and of Science Fiction Writers of America, the Writers Guild of America, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and the Count Dracula Society. Robert Bloch_sentence_11

In 2008, The Library of America selected Bloch's essay "The Shambles of Ed Gein" (1962) for inclusion in its two-century retrospective of American true crime. Robert Bloch_sentence_12

His favorites among his own novels were The Kidnapper, The Star Stalker, Psycho, Night-World, and Strange Eons. Robert Bloch_sentence_13

His work has been extensively adapted into films, television productions, comics, and audiobooks. Robert Bloch_sentence_14

Early life and education Robert Bloch_section_0

Bloch was born in Chicago, the son of Raphael "Ray" Bloch (1884–1952), a bank cashier, and his wife Stella Loeb (1880–1944), a social worker, both of German Jewish descent. Robert Bloch_sentence_15

Bloch's family moved to Maywood, a Chicago suburb, when he was five; he lived there until he was ten. Robert Bloch_sentence_16

He attended the Methodist Church there, despite his parents' Jewish heritage, and attended Emerson Grammar School. Robert Bloch_sentence_17

In 1925, at eight years of age, living in Maywood, he attended (alone at night) a screening of Lon Chaney, Sr.'s film The Phantom of the Opera (1925). Robert Bloch_sentence_18

The scene of Chaney removing his mask terrified the young Bloch ("it scared the living hell out of me and I ran all the way home to enjoy the first of about two years of recurrent nightmares"). Robert Bloch_sentence_19

It also sparked his interest in horror. Robert Bloch_sentence_20

Bloch was a precocious child and found himself in fourth grade when he was eight. Robert Bloch_sentence_21

He also obtained a pass into the adult section of the Public Library, where he read omnivorously. Robert Bloch_sentence_22

Bloch considered himself a budding artist and worked in pencil sketching and watercolours, but myopia in adolescence seemed to effectively bar art as a career. Robert Bloch_sentence_23

He had passions for German-made lead toy soldiers and for silent cinema. Robert Bloch_sentence_24

In 1929, Bloch's father Ray Bloch lost his bank job, and the family moved to Milwaukee, where Stella worked at the Milwaukee Jewish Settlement settlement house. Robert Bloch_sentence_25

Robert attended Washington, then Lincoln High School, where he met lifelong friend Harold Gauer. Robert Bloch_sentence_26

Gauer was editor of The Quill, Lincoln's literary magazine, and accepted Bloch's first published short story, a horror story titled "The Thing" (the "thing" of the title was Death). Robert Bloch_sentence_27

Both Bloch and Gauer graduated from Lincoln in 1934 during the height of the Great Depression. Robert Bloch_sentence_28

Bloch was involved in the drama department at Lincoln and wrote and performed in school vaudeville skits. Robert Bloch_sentence_29

Career Robert Bloch_section_1

Weird Tales magazine and the influence of H. P. Lovecraft Robert Bloch_section_2

During the 1930s, Bloch was an avid reader of the pulp magazine Weird Tales, which he had discovered at the age of ten in 1927. Robert Bloch_sentence_30

In the Chicago Northwestern Railroad depot with his parents and aunt Lil, his aunt offered to buy him any magazine he wanted and he picked Weird Tales (Aug 1927 issue) off the newsstand over her shocked protest. Robert Bloch_sentence_31

He began his readings of the magazine with the first instalment of Otis Adelbert Kline's "The Bride of Osiris" which dealt with a secret Egyptian city called Karneter located beneath Bloch's birth city of Chicago. Robert Bloch_sentence_32

The Depression came in the early 1930s. Robert Bloch_sentence_33

He later recalled, in accepting the Lifetime Achievement Award at the First World Fantasy Convention (1975), how "times were very hard. Robert Bloch_sentence_34

Weird Tales cost twenty-five cents in a day when most pulp magazines cost a dime. Robert Bloch_sentence_35

I remember that meant a lot to me." Robert Bloch_sentence_36

He went on to relate how he would get up very early on the last day of the month, with twenty-five cents saved from his monthly allowance of one dollar, and would run all the way to a combination tobacco/magazine store and buy the new Weird Tales issue, sometimes smuggling it home under his coat if the cover was particularly risqué. Robert Bloch_sentence_37

His parents were not impressed with Hugh Doak Rankin's sexy covers for the magazine, and when the Bloch family moved to Milwaukeee in 1928 young Bloch gradually abandoned his interest. Robert Bloch_sentence_38

But by the time he had entered high school, he returned to reading Weird Tales during convalescence from flu. Robert Bloch_sentence_39

H. Robert Bloch_sentence_40 P. Lovecraft, a frequent contributor to Weird Tales, became one of his favorite writers. Robert Bloch_sentence_41

The first of Lovecraft's stories he had read was "Pickman's Model," in Weird Tales for October 1927. Robert Bloch_sentence_42

Bloch wrote: "In school I was forced to squirm my way through the works of Oliver Wendell Holmes, James Lowell and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Robert Bloch_sentence_43

In 'Pickman's Model', the ghouls ate all three. Robert Bloch_sentence_44

Now that, I decided, was poetic justice." Robert Bloch_sentence_45

As a teenager, Bloch wrote a fan letter to Lovecraft (1933), asking where he could find copies of earlier stories of Lovecraft's that Bloch had missed. Robert Bloch_sentence_46

Lovecraft lent them to him. Robert Bloch_sentence_47

Lovecraft also gave Bloch advice on his early fiction-writing efforts. Robert Bloch_sentence_48

asking whether Bloch had written any weird work and, if so, whether he might see samples of it. Robert Bloch_sentence_49

Bloch took up Lovecraft's offer in late April 1933, sending him two short items, "The Gallows" and another work whose title is unknown. Robert Bloch_sentence_50

Lovecraft also suggested Bloch write to other members of the Lovecraft Circle, including August Derleth, Robert H. Barlow, Clark Ashton Smith, Donald Wandrei, Frank Belknap Long, Henry S. Whitehead, E. Robert Bloch_sentence_51 Hoffman Price, Bernard Austin Dwyer and J. Robert Bloch_sentence_52 Vernon Shea. Robert Bloch_sentence_53

Bloch's first completed tales were "Lilies," "The Laughter of a Young Ghoul" and "The Black Lotus". Robert Bloch_sentence_54

Bloch submitted these to Weird Tales; editor Farnsworth Wright summarily rejected them all. Robert Bloch_sentence_55

However Bloch successfully placed "Lilies" in the semi-professional magazine Marvel Tales (Winter 1934) and "Black Lotus" in Unusual Stories (1935). Robert Bloch_sentence_56

Bloch later commented, "I figured I'd better do something different or I'd end up as a florist." Robert Bloch_sentence_57

Bloch graduated from high school in June 1934. Robert Bloch_sentence_58

He then wrote a story which promptly (six weeks later) sold to Weird Tales. Robert Bloch_sentence_59

Bloch's first publication in Weird Tales was a letter criticising the Conan stories of Robert E. Howard. Robert Bloch_sentence_60

His first professional sales, at the age of 17 (July 1934), to Weird Tales, were the short stories "The Feast in the Abbey" and "The Secret in the Tomb". Robert Bloch_sentence_61

"Feast ..." appeared first, in the January 1935 issue, which actually went on sale November 1, 1934; "The Secret in the Tomb" appeared in the May 1935 Weird Tales. Robert Bloch_sentence_62

Bloch's correspondence with Derleth led to a visit to Derleth's home in Sauk City, Wisconsin (the headquarters of Arkham House). Robert Bloch_sentence_63

Bloch was impressed by Derleth who "fulfilled my expectations as a writer by wearing this purple velvet smoking jacket. Robert Bloch_sentence_64

That impressed me even more because Derleth didn't even smoke." Robert Bloch_sentence_65

Following this, and continued correspondence with Lovecraft, Bloch went to Chicago and met Farnsworth Wright, the then editor of Weird Tales. Robert Bloch_sentence_66

He also met the first Weird Tales writer outside of Derleth he had encountered - Otto Binder. Robert Bloch_sentence_67

Bloch's early stories were strongly influenced by Lovecraft. Robert Bloch_sentence_68

Indeed, a number of his stories were set in, and extended, the world of Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos. Robert Bloch_sentence_69

These include "The Dark Demon", in which the character Gordon is a figuration of Lovecraft, and which features Nyarlathotep; "The Faceless God" (features Nyarlathotep); "The Grinning Ghoul" (written after the manner of Lovecraft) and "The Unspeakable Betrothal" (vaguely attached to the Cthulhu Mythos). Robert Bloch_sentence_70

It was Bloch who invented, for example, the oft-cited Mythos texts De Vermis Mysteriis and Cultes des Goules. Robert Bloch_sentence_71

Many other stories influenced by Lovecraft were later collected in Bloch's volume Mysteries of the Worm (now in its third, expanded edition). Robert Bloch_sentence_72

In 1935, Bloch wrote the tale "Satan's Servants", on which Lovecraft lent much advice, but none of the prose was by Lovecraft; this tale did not appear in print until 1949, in Something About Cats and Other Pieces. Robert Bloch_sentence_73

The young Bloch appears, thinly disguised, as the character Robert Blake in Lovecraft's story "The Haunter of the Dark" (1936), which is dedicated to Bloch. Robert Bloch_sentence_74

Bloch was the only individual to whom Lovecraft ever dedicated a story. Robert Bloch_sentence_75

In this story, Lovecraft kills off Robert Blake, the Bloch-based character, repaying a "courtesy" Bloch earlier paid Lovecraft with his 1935 tale "The Shambler from the Stars", in which the Lovecraft-inspired figure dies; the story goes so far as to use Bloch's then-current address (620 East Knapp Street) in Milwaukee. Robert Bloch_sentence_76

(Bloch even had a signed certificate from Lovecraft [and some of his creations] giving Bloch permission to kill Lovecraft off in a story.) Robert Bloch_sentence_77

Bloch later recalled "believe me, beyond all doubt, I don't know anyone else I'd rather be killed by." Robert Bloch_sentence_78

Bloch later wrote a third tale, "The Shadow From the Steeple", picking up where "The Haunter of the Dark" finished (Weird Tales Sept 1950). Robert Bloch_sentence_79

Lovecraft's death in 1937 deeply affected Bloch, who was then aged only 20. Robert Bloch_sentence_80

He recalled "Part of me died with him, I guess, not only because he was not a god, he was mortal, that is true, but because he had so little recognition in his own lifetime. Robert Bloch_sentence_81

There were no novels or collections published, no great realization, even here in Providence, of what was lost." Robert Bloch_sentence_82

Elsewhere he wrote, "the news of his fate came to me as a shattering blow; all the more so because the world at large ignored his passing. Robert Bloch_sentence_83

Only my parents and a few correspondents seemed to sense my shock, and my feeling that a part of me had died with him." Robert Bloch_sentence_84

After Lovecraft's death in 1937, Bloch continued writing for Weird Tales, where he became one of its most popular authors. Robert Bloch_sentence_85

He also began contributing to other pulps, such as the science fiction magazine Amazing Stories. Robert Bloch_sentence_86

Bloch broadened the scope of his fiction. Robert Bloch_sentence_87

His horror themes included voodoo ("Mother of Serpents"), the conte cruel ("The Mandarin's Canaries"), demonic possession ("Fiddler's Fee"), and black magic ("Return to the Sabbat"). Robert Bloch_sentence_88

Bloch visited Henry Kuttner in California in 1937. Robert Bloch_sentence_89

Bloch's first science fiction story, "The Secret of the Observatory", was published in Amazing Stories (August 1938). Robert Bloch_sentence_90

Milwaukee Fictioneers and the Depression Robert Bloch_section_3

In 1935 Bloch joined a writers' group, The Milwaukee Fictioneers, members of which included Stanley Weinbaum, Ralph Milne Farley and Raymond A. Palmer. Robert Bloch_sentence_91

Another member of the group was Gustav Marx, who offered Bloch a job writing copy in his advertising firm, also allowing Bloch to write stories in his spare time in the office. Robert Bloch_sentence_92

Bloch was close friends with C.L. Robert Bloch_sentence_93 Moore and her husband Henry Kuttner, who visited him in Milwaukee. Robert Bloch_sentence_94

During the years of the Depression, Bloch appeared regularly in dramatic productions, writing and performing in his own sketches. Robert Bloch_sentence_95

Around 1936 he sold some gags to radio comedians Stoopnagle and Budd, and to Roy Atwell. Robert Bloch_sentence_96

Also in 1936, his tale "The Grinning Ghoul" was published in Weird Tales (June); "The Opener of the Way" appeared in Weird Tales (Oct); "Mother of Serpents" appeared in the December issue. Robert Bloch_sentence_97

The December issue also contained Lovecraft's tale "The Haunter of the Dark" in which he killed off young author "Robert Blake". Robert Bloch_sentence_98

In 1937, following Lovecraft's death, "The Mannikin" appeared in Weird Tales for April. Robert Bloch_sentence_99

Weird Tales published "Return to the Sabbath" in July 1938. Robert Bloch_sentence_100

Bloch's first science fiction story, "The Secret of the Observatory" appeared in Amazing Stories (Aug 1938). Robert Bloch_sentence_101

In a profile accompanying this tale, Bloch described himself as "tall, dark, unhandsome" with "all the charm and personality of a swamp adder". Robert Bloch_sentence_102

He noted that "I hate everything", but reserved particular dislike for "bean soup, red nail polish, house-cleaning, and optimists". Robert Bloch_sentence_103

Campaign manager for Carl Zeidler Robert Bloch_section_4

In 1939, Bloch was contacted by James Doolittle, who was managing the campaign for Mayor of Milwaukee of a little-known assistant city attorney named Carl Zeidler. Robert Bloch_sentence_104

He was asked to work on Zeidler's speechwriting, advertising, and photo ops, in collaboration with Harold Gauer. Robert Bloch_sentence_105

They created elaborate campaign shows; in Bloch's 1993 autobiography, Once Around the Bloch, he gives an inside account of the campaign, and the innovations he and Gauer came up with – for instance, the original releasing-balloons-from-the-ceiling shtick. Robert Bloch_sentence_106

He comments bitterly on how, after Zeidler's victory, they were ignored and not even paid their promised salaries. Robert Bloch_sentence_107

He ends the story with a wryly philosophical point: Robert Bloch_sentence_108

Also in 1939, two of Bloch's tales were published: "The Strange Flight of Richard Clayton" (Amazing Stories, August) and "The Cloak" (Unknown, March). Robert Bloch_sentence_109

1940s and 1950s Robert Bloch_section_5

In October 1941, the tale "A Good Knight's Work" in Unknown Worlds first appeared. Robert Bloch_sentence_110

Shortly thereafter, Bloch created the Damon Runyon-esque humorous series character Lefty Feep in the story "Time Wounds All Heels" Fantastic Adventures (April 1942). Robert Bloch_sentence_111

Around the same time, he began work as an advertising copywriter at the Gustav Marx Advertising Agency, a position he held until 1953. Robert Bloch_sentence_112

Marx allowed Bloch to write stories in the office in quiet times. Robert Bloch_sentence_113

Bloch published a total of 23 Lefty Feep stories in Fantastic Adventures, the last one published in 1950, but the bulk appeared during World War II. Robert Bloch_sentence_114

Feep's character name had actually been coined by Bloch's friend/collaborator Harold Gauer for their unpublished novel In the Land of Sky-Blue Ointments, Bloch also worked for a time in local vaudeville and tried to break into writing for nationally known performers. Robert Bloch_sentence_115

Bloch gradually evolved away from Lovecraftian imitations towards a unique style of his own. Robert Bloch_sentence_116

One of the first distinctly "Blochian" stories was "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper", (Weird Tales, July 1943). Robert Bloch_sentence_117

The story was Bloch's take on the Jack the Ripper legend, and was filled out with more genuine factual details of the case than many other fictional treatments. Robert Bloch_sentence_118

It cast the Ripper as an eternal being who must make human sacrifices to extend his immortality. Robert Bloch_sentence_119

It was adapted for both radio (in Stay Tuned for Terror) and television (as an episode of Thriller in 1961 adapted by Barré Lyndon). Robert Bloch_sentence_120

Bloch followed up this story with a number of others in a similar vein dealing with half-historic, half-legendary figures such as the Man in the Iron Mask ("Iron Mask", 1944), the Marquis de Sade ("The Skull of the Marquis de Sade", 1945) and Lizzie Borden ("Lizzie Borden Took an Axe ...", 1946). Robert Bloch_sentence_121

In 1944, Laird Cregar performed Bloch's tale "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper" over a coast-to-coast radio network Robert Bloch_sentence_122

Towards the end of World War Two, in 1945, Bloch was asked to write 39 15-minute episodes of his own radio horror show called Stay Tuned for Terror. Robert Bloch_sentence_123

Many of the programs were adaptations of his own pulp stories. Robert Bloch_sentence_124

(None of the episodes, which were all broadcast, are extant).. Robert Bloch_sentence_125

The same year he published "The Skull of the Marquis de Sade" (Weird Tales, Sept). Robert Bloch_sentence_126

August Derleth's Arkham House, Lovecraft's publisher, published Bloch's first collection of short stories, The Opener of the Way, in an edition of 2,000 copies, with jacket art by Ronald Clyne. Robert Bloch_sentence_127

At the same time, his best-known early tale, "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper", received considerable attention through dramatization on radio and reprinting in anthologies. Robert Bloch_sentence_128

This story, as noted below, involving a Ripper who has found literal immortality through his crimes, has been widely imitated (or plagiarized); Bloch himself would return to the theme (see below). Robert Bloch_sentence_129

Stories published in 1946 include "Enoch" (Weird Tales, Sept) and Lizzie Borden Took an Axe (Weird Tales, Nov). Robert Bloch_sentence_130

Bloch's first novel was published in hardcover - the thriller The Scarf (The Dial Press 1947; the Fawcett Gold medal paperback of 1966 features a revised text). Robert Bloch_sentence_131

It tells the story of a writer, Daniel Morley, who uses real women as models for his characters. Robert Bloch_sentence_132

But as soon as he is done writing the story, he is compelled to murder them, and always the same way: with the maroon scarf he has had since childhood. Robert Bloch_sentence_133

The story begins in Minneapolis and follows him and his trail of dead bodies to Chicago, New York City, and finally Hollywood, where his hit novel is going to be turned into a movie, and where his self-control may have reached its limit. Robert Bloch_sentence_134

In 1948, Bloch was the Guest of Honor at Torcon I, World Science Fiction Convention, Toronto, Canada. Robert Bloch_sentence_135

In 1952 he published "Lucy Comes to Stay"(Weird Tales, Jan). Robert Bloch_sentence_136

Bloch published three novels in 1954 – Spiderweb, The Kidnapper and The Will to Kill as he endeavored to support his family. Robert Bloch_sentence_137

That same year he was a weekly guest panellist on the TV quiz show It's a Draw. Robert Bloch_sentence_138

Shooting Star (1958), a mainstream novel, was published in a double volume with a collection of Bloch's stories titled Terror in the Night. Robert Bloch_sentence_139

This Crowded Earth (1958) was science fiction. Robert Bloch_sentence_140

With the demise of Weird Tales, Bloch continued to have his fiction published in Amazing, Fantastic, The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, and Fantastic Universe; he was a particularly frequent contributor to Imagination and Imaginative Tales. Robert Bloch_sentence_141

His output of thrillers increased and he began to appear regularly in The Saint, Ellery Queen and similar mystery magazines, and to such suspense and horror-fiction magazine projects as Shock. Robert Bloch_sentence_142

Jack the Ripper Robert Bloch_section_6

Bloch continued to revisit the Jack the Ripper theme. Robert Bloch_sentence_143

His contribution to Harlan Ellison's 1967 science fiction anthology Dangerous Visions was a story, "A Toy for Juliette", which evoked both Jack the Ripper and the Marquis de Sade in a time-travel story. Robert Bloch_sentence_144

The same anthology had Ellison's sequel to it titled "The Prowler in the City at the Edge of the World". Robert Bloch_sentence_145

His earlier idea of the Ripper as an immortal being resurfaced in Bloch's contribution to the original Star Trek series episode "Wolf in the Fold". Robert Bloch_sentence_146

His 1984 novel Night of the Ripper is set during the reign of Queen Victoria and follows the investigation of Inspector Frederick Abberline in attempting to apprehend the Ripper, and includes some famous Victorians such as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle within the storyline. Robert Bloch_sentence_147

Psycho Robert Bloch_section_7

Bloch won the Hugo Award for Best Short Story for "That Hellbound Train" in 1959, the same year that his sixth novel, Psycho, was published. Robert Bloch_sentence_148

Bloch had written an earlier short story involving dissociative identity disorder, "The Real Bad Friend", which appeared in the February 1957 Mike Shayne Mystery Magazine, that foreshadowed the 1959 novel Psycho. Robert Bloch_sentence_149

However, Psycho also has thematic links to the story "Lucy Comes to Stay." Robert Bloch_sentence_150

Also in 1959, Bloch delivered a lecture titled "Imagination and Modern Social Criticism" at the University of Chicago; this was reprinted in the critical volume The Science Fiction Novel (Advent Publishers). Robert Bloch_sentence_151

His story "The Hungry Eye" appeared in Fantastic (May). Robert Bloch_sentence_152

This was also the year in which, despite having graduated from painting watercolours to oils, he gave up painting completely. Robert Bloch_sentence_153

Norman Bates, the main character in Psycho, was very loosely based on two people. Robert Bloch_sentence_154

First was the real-life serial killer Ed Gein, about whom Bloch later wrote a fictionalized account, "The Shambles of Ed Gein". Robert Bloch_sentence_155

(The story can be found in Crimes and Punishments: The Lost Bloch, Volume 3). Robert Bloch_sentence_156

Second, it has been indicated by several people, including Noel Carter (wife of Lin Carter) and Chris Steinbrunner, as well as allegedly by Bloch himself, that Norman Bates was partly based on Calvin Beck, publisher of Castle of Frankenstein. Robert Bloch_sentence_157

Bloch's basing of the character of Norman Bates on Ed Gein is discussed in the documentary Ed Gein: The Ghoul of Plainfield, which can be found on Disc 2 of the DVD release of the remake of The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003). Robert Bloch_sentence_158

However, Bloch also commented that it was the situation itself - a mass murderer living undetected and unsuspected in a typical small town in middle America - rather than Gein himself who sparked Bloch's storyline. Robert Bloch_sentence_159

He writes: "Thus the real-life murderer was not the role model for my character Norman Bates. Robert Bloch_sentence_160

Ed Gein didn't own or operate a motel. Robert Bloch_sentence_161

Ed Gein didn't kill anyone in the shower. Robert Bloch_sentence_162

Ed Gein wasn't into taxidermy. Robert Bloch_sentence_163

Ed Gein didn't stuff his mother, keep her body in the house, dress in a drag outfit, or adopt an alternative personality. Robert Bloch_sentence_164

These were the functions and characteristics of Norman Bates, and Norman Bates didn't exist until I made him up. Robert Bloch_sentence_165

Out of my own imagination, I add, which is probably the reason so few offer to take showers with me." Robert Bloch_sentence_166

Though Bloch had little involvement with the film version of his novel, which was directed by Alfred Hitchcock from an adapted screenplay by Joseph Stefano, he was to become most famous as its author. Robert Bloch_sentence_167

Bloch was awarded a special Mystery Writers of America scroll for the novel in 1961. Robert Bloch_sentence_168

The novel is one of the first examples at full length of Bloch's use of modern urban horror relying on the horrors of interior psychology rather than the supernatural. Robert Bloch_sentence_169

"By the mid-1940s, I had pretty well mined the vein of ordinary supernatural themes until it had become varicose," Bloch explained to Douglas E. Winter in an interview. Robert Bloch_sentence_170

"I realized, as a result of what went on during World War II and of reading the more widely disseminated work in psychology, that the real horror is not in the shadows, but in that twisted little world inside our own skulls." Robert Bloch_sentence_171

While Bloch was not the first horror writer to utilise a psychological approach (it originates in the work of Edgar Allan Poe), Bloch's psychological approach in modern times was comparatively unique. Robert Bloch_sentence_172

Bloch's agent, Harry Altshuler, received a "blind bid" for the novel – the buyer's name was not mentioned – of $7,500 for screen rights to the book. Robert Bloch_sentence_173

The bid eventually went to $9,500, which Bloch accepted. Robert Bloch_sentence_174

Bloch had never sold a book to Hollywood before. Robert Bloch_sentence_175

His contract with Simon & Schuster included no bonus for a film sale. Robert Bloch_sentence_176

The publisher took 15 percent according to contract, while the agent took his 10%; Bloch wound up with about $6,750 before taxes. Robert Bloch_sentence_177

Despite the enormous profits generated by Hitchcock's film, Bloch received no further direct compensation. Robert Bloch_sentence_178

Only Hitchcock's film was based on Bloch's novel. Robert Bloch_sentence_179

The later films in the Psycho series bear no relation to either of Bloch's sequel novels. Robert Bloch_sentence_180

Indeed, Bloch's proposed script for the film Psycho II was rejected by the studio (as were many other submissions), and it was this that he subsequently adapted for his own sequel novel. Robert Bloch_sentence_181

The film Hitchcock (2012) tells the story of Alfred Hitchcock's making of the film version of Psycho. Robert Bloch_sentence_182

Although it mentions Bloch and his novel, Bloch himself is not a character in the movie. Robert Bloch_sentence_183

The early 1960s: Screenwriting and fiction Robert Bloch_section_8

Following his move to Hollywood, around 1960, Bloch had multiple assignments from various television companies. Robert Bloch_sentence_184

However, he was not allowed to write for five months when the Writers Guild had a strike. Robert Bloch_sentence_185

After the strike was over, he became a frequent scriptwriter for television and film projects in the mystery, suspense, and horror genre. Robert Bloch_sentence_186

His first assignments were for the Macdonald Carey vehicle, Lock-Up, (penning five episodes) as well as one for Whispering Smith. Robert Bloch_sentence_187

Further TV work included an episode of Bus Stop ("I Kiss Your Shadow"), 10 episodes of Thriller (1960–62, several based on his own stories), and 10 episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1960–62). Robert Bloch_sentence_188

His short story collection Pleasant Dreams - Nightmares was published by Arkham House in 1960. Robert Bloch_sentence_189

Bloch wrote the screenplay for The Cabinet of Caligari (1962), which is only very loosely related to the 1920 German silent film, and proved to be an unhappy experience. Robert Bloch_sentence_190

The same year, Bloch penned the story and teleplay "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" for Alfred Hitchcock Presents. Robert Bloch_sentence_191

The episode was shelved when the NBC Television Network and sponsor Revlon called its ending "too gruesome" (by 1960s standards) for airing. Robert Bloch_sentence_192

Bloch was pleased later when the episode was included in the program's syndication package to affiliate stations, where not one complaint was registered. Robert Bloch_sentence_193

Today, due to public domain status, the episode is readily available in home media formats from numerous distributors and is even available on free video on demand. Robert Bloch_sentence_194

His TV work did not slow Bloch's fictional output. Robert Bloch_sentence_195

In the early 1960s he published several novels, including The Dead Beat (1960), and Firebug (1961), for which Harlan Ellison, then an editor at Regency Books, contributed the first 1,200 words. Robert Bloch_sentence_196

In 1962 numerous works appeared in book form. Robert Bloch_sentence_197

Bloch's novel The Couch (1962) (the basis for the screenplay of his first movie, filmed the same year) was published. Robert Bloch_sentence_198

That year several Bloch short story collections- Atoms and Evil, More Nightmares and Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper were published, as well as another novel, Terror (whose working titles included Amok and Kill for Kali). Robert Bloch_sentence_199

Editor Earl Kemp assembled a selection of Bloch's prolific output for fan magazines as The Eight Stage of Fandom: Selections from 25 years of Fan Writing (Advent Publishers). Robert Bloch_sentence_200

In this era, Stephen King later wrote, "What Bloch did with such novels as The Deadbeat, The Scarf, Firebug, Psycho, and The Couch was to re-discover the suspense novel and reinvent the antihero as first discovered by James Cain." Robert Bloch_sentence_201

During 1963, Bloch saw into print two further collections of short stories, Bogey men and Horror-7. Robert Bloch_sentence_202

In 1964 Bloch married Eleanor Alexander and wrote original screenplays for two films produced and directed by William Castle, Strait-Jacket (1964) and The Night Walker (also 1964), along with The Skull (1965).The latter film was based on his short story "The Skull of the Marquis de Sade". Robert Bloch_sentence_203

The 1960s and 1970s: Film & TV writing Robert Bloch_section_9

Bloch's further TV writing in this period included The Alfred Hitchcock Hour (7 episodes, 1962–1965), I Spy (1 episode, 1966), Run for Your Life (1 episode, 1966), and The Girl from U.N.C.L.E. Robert Bloch_sentence_204

(1 episode, 1967). Robert Bloch_sentence_205

He penned three scripts for the original Star Trek series which were screened in 1966 and 1967: "What Are Little Girls Made Of? Robert Bloch_sentence_206 ", "Wolf in the Fold" (another Jack the Ripper variant), and "Catspaw". Robert Bloch_sentence_207

In 1968, Bloch returned to London to do two episodes for the English Hammer Films series Journey to the Unknown for Twentieth Century Fox. Robert Bloch_sentence_208

One of the episodes, "The Indian Spirit Guide", was included in the American TV movie Journey to Midnight (1968). Robert Bloch_sentence_209

The other episode was "Girl of My Dreams," co-scripted with Michael J. Bird and based on the eponymous story by Richard Matheson. Robert Bloch_sentence_210

Following the movie The Skull (1965), which was based on a Bloch story but scripted by Milton Subotsky, he wrote the screenplays for five feature films produced by Amicus ProductionsThe Psychopath (1966), The Deadly Bees (co-written with Anthony Marriott, 1967), Torture Garden (also 1967), The House That Dripped Blood (1971) and Asylum (1972). Robert Bloch_sentence_211

The last two films featured stories written by Bloch that were printed first in anthologies he wrote in the 1940s and early 1950s. Robert Bloch_sentence_212

During the 1970s, Bloch wrote two TV movies for director Curtis HarringtonThe Cat Creature (1973) (an ABC Movie of the Week) and The Dead Don't Die. Robert Bloch_sentence_213

The Cat Creature was an unhappy production experience for Bloch. Robert Bloch_sentence_214

Producer Doug Cramer wanted to do an update of Cat People (1942), the Val Lewton-produced film. Robert Bloch_sentence_215

Bloch commented: "Instead, I suggested a blending of the elements of several well-remembered films, and came up with a story line which dealt with the Egyptian cat-goddess (Bast), reincarnation and the first bypass operation ever performed on an artichoke heart." Robert Bloch_sentence_216

A detailed account of the troubled production of the film is described in Bloch's autobiography. Robert Bloch_sentence_217

Bloch meanwhile (interspersed between his screenplays for Amicus Productions and other projects), penned single episodes for Night Gallery (1971), Ghost Story (1972), The Manhunter (1974), and Gemini Man (1976). Robert Bloch_sentence_218

The later 1960s and 1970s: Fiction Robert Bloch_section_10

In 1965, two further collections of short stories appeared - The Skull of the Marquis de Sade and Tales in a Jugular Vein. Robert Bloch_sentence_219

1966 saw Bloch win the Ann Radcliffe Award for Television and publisher yet another collection of shorts - Chamber of Horrors. Robert Bloch_sentence_220

Bloch returned to the site of his childhood home at 620 East Knapp St, Milwaukee (the address used by Lovecraft for the character Robert Blake in "The Haunter of the Dark") only to find the neighborhood razed and the entire neighborhood leveled and replaced by expressway approaches. Robert Bloch_sentence_221

In 1967, another Bloch collection, The Living Demons was issued. Robert Bloch_sentence_222

He also published another classic story of Jack the Ripper, "A Toy for Juliette" in Harlan Ellison's Dangerous Visions anthology. Robert Bloch_sentence_223

In 1968 he published a duo of long sf novellas as This Crowded Earth and Ladies'Day. Robert Bloch_sentence_224

His novel The Star Stalker was published, and Dragons and Nightmares (the first collection of Lefty Feep stories) appeared in hardcover (Mirage Press). Robert Bloch_sentence_225

Ladies Day/This Crowded Earth and The Star Stalker followed in 1968. Robert Bloch_sentence_226

The collection Bloch and Bradbury (a collaboration with Ray Bradbury) and the hardcover novel The Todd Dossier, originally as by Collier Young, were published in 1969. Robert Bloch_sentence_227

Bloch won a second Ann Radcliffe Award, this time for Literature, in 1969. Robert Bloch_sentence_228

That same year, Bloch was invited to the Second International Film Festival in Rio de Janeiro, March 23–31, along with other science fiction writers from the United States, Britain and Europe. Robert Bloch_sentence_229

In 1971, Bloch served as president of the Mystery Writers of America, meanwhile publishing the novel Sneak preview, the collection fear Today, Gone Tomorrow, and the short novel It's All in Your Mind. Robert Bloch_sentence_230

In 1972 he published another novel, Night-World. Robert Bloch_sentence_231

In 1973 Bloch was the Guest of Honor at Torcon II, World Science Fiction Convention, Toronto. Robert Bloch_sentence_232

1974 saw the publication of his novel American Gothic, inspired by the true life story of serial killer H.H. Robert Bloch_sentence_233 Holmes. Robert Bloch_sentence_234

In 1975, Bloch won the Lifetime Achievement Award at the First World Fantasy Convention held in Providence, Rhode Island. Robert Bloch_sentence_235

The award was a bust of H. P. Lovecraft. Robert Bloch_sentence_236

The occasion of this convention was the first time Bloch actually visited the city of Providence. Robert Bloch_sentence_237

An audio recording was made of Robert Bloch during that 1975 convention, accessible online at Robert Bloch_sentence_238

In 1976, two records of Bloch recordings of his stories were released by Alternate World recordings - Gravely, Robert Bloch!" Robert Bloch_sentence_239

and Blood! Robert Bloch_sentence_240

The Life and Times of jack the Ripper! Robert Bloch_sentence_241

"(with Harlan Ellison). Robert Bloch_sentence_242

In 1977, Lester del Rey edited The Best of Robert Bloch for Del Rey books. Robert Bloch_sentence_243

Two further short story collections appeared - Cold Chills and The King of Terrors. Robert Bloch_sentence_244

Bloch continued to published short story collections throughout this period. Robert Bloch_sentence_245

His Selected Stories (reprinted in paperback with the incorrect title The Complete Stories) appeared in three volumes just prior to his death, although many previously uncollected tales have appeared in volumes published since 1997 (see below). Robert Bloch_sentence_246

Bloch also contributed the story "Heir Apparent," set in Andre Norton's Witch World, to Tales of the Witch World (Vol. 1), NY: Tor, 1987. Robert Bloch_sentence_247

1979 saw the publication of Bloch's novel There is a Serpent in Eden (also reissued as The Cunning), and two more short story collections, Out of the Mouths of graves and Such Stuff as Screams Are Made Of. Robert Bloch_sentence_248

His numerous novels of the 1970s demonstrate Bloch's thematic range, from science fiction - Sneak Preview (1971) - through horror novels such as the loving Lovecraftian tribute Strange Eons (Whispers Press, 1978) and the non-supernatural mystery There is a Serpent in Eden (1979); Robert Bloch_sentence_249

The 1980s Robert Bloch_section_11

Bloch's screenplay-writing career continued active through the 1980s, with teleplays for Tales of the Unexpected (one episode, 1980), Darkroom (two episodes,1981), Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1 episode, 1986), Tales from the Darkside (three episodes, 1984–87 - "Beetles", "A Case of the Stubborns" and "Everybody needs a Little Love") and Monsters (three episodes, 1988–1989 - "The Legacy", "Mannikins of Horror", and "Reaper"). Robert Bloch_sentence_250

No further screen work appeared in the last five years before his death, although an adaptation of his "collaboration" with Edgar Allan Poe, "The Lighthouse", was filmed as an episode of The Hunger in 1998. Robert Bloch_sentence_251

The First World Fantasy Convention: Three Authors Remember (Necronomicon Press, 1980) features reminiscences of that important event by Bloch, T.E.D. Robert Bloch_sentence_252 Klein and Fritz Leiber. Robert Bloch_sentence_253

In 1981, Zebra Books issued the first edition of the Cthulhu Mythos-themed collection Mysteries of the Worm. Robert Bloch_sentence_254

This item was reprinted some years later in an expanded edition by Chaosium. Robert Bloch_sentence_255

Bloch's sequel to the original Psycho (Psycho II was published in 1982 (unrelated to the film of the same title) and in 1983 he novelised Twilight Zone: The Movie. Robert Bloch_sentence_256

His novel Night of the Ripper (1984), was another return to one of Bloch's favourite themes, the Jack the Ripper murders of 1888. Robert Bloch_sentence_257

In 1986, Scream Press published the hardcover omnibus Unholy Trinity, collecting three by now scarce Bloch novels, The Scarf, The Dead Beat and The Couch. Robert Bloch_sentence_258

A second retrospective selection of Bloch's nonfiction was published by NESFA Press as Out of My Head. Robert Bloch_sentence_259

In 1987, Bloch celebrated his 70th birthday. Robert Bloch_sentence_260

Underwood-Miller issued the three-volume hardcover set The Selected Stories of Robert Bloch (individual volumes titled Final reckonings, Bitter Ends and Last Rites). Robert Bloch_sentence_261

When Citadel press reissued this in paperback they incorrectly named it The Collected Stories of Robert Bloch. Robert Bloch_sentence_262

The same year a collection, Midnight Pleasures appeared from Doubleday, and Lost in Time and Space with Lefty Feep (Creatures at Large Press) collected a number of the stories on the Lefty Feep series. Robert Bloch_sentence_263

The latter was the first of a projected series of three volumes, however the further volumes were never published. Robert Bloch_sentence_264

In 1988, Tor Books reissued Bloch's scarce second novel, The Kidnapper.' Robert Bloch_sentence_265

In 1989, several works were published: the collection, Fear and Trembling, the thriller novel Lori (later adapted as a standalone graphic novel) and another omnibus of long out-of-print early novels, Screams (containing The Will to Kill, Firebug and The Star Stalker). Robert Bloch_sentence_266

Randall D. Larson issued The Robert Bloch Companion: Collected Interviews 1969-1986 (Starmont House), together with Robert Bloch (Starmont Reader's Guide No 37), an exhaustive study of Bloch's work, and The Complete Robert Bloch: An Illustrated, Comprehensive Bibliography (Fandom Unlimited Enterprises). Robert Bloch_sentence_267

Larson's three books were bound in hardcover and distributed by Borgo Press. Robert Bloch_sentence_268

The 1990s: Last works Robert Bloch_section_12

Bloch's novel, The Jekyll Legacy (1990), was a collaboration with Andre Norton and a sequel to Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr. Robert Bloch_sentence_269 Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Robert Bloch_sentence_270

The same year he returned to the Norman Bates "mythos" with Psycho House (Tor), the third Psycho novel. Robert Bloch_sentence_271

As with the second novel in the sequence, it bears no relation to the film titled Psycho III. Robert Bloch_sentence_272

It would prove to be his last published novel. Robert Bloch_sentence_273

In February 1991, he was given the Honor of Master of Ceremonies at the first World Horror Convention held in Nashville, Tennessee. Robert Bloch_sentence_274

Weird Tales issued a special Robert Bloch issue in Spring, including his screenplay for the televised version of his tale "Beetles"". Robert Bloch_sentence_275

A standalone chapbook of the story "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper" was issued in both hardcover and paperback by Pulphouse, and Bloch co-edited with Martin H. Greenberg the original anthology Psycho-Paths (Tor). Robert Bloch_sentence_276

In 1991 Bloch contributed an Introduction to In Search of Lovecraft by J. Robert Bloch_sentence_277 Vernon Shea. Robert Bloch_sentence_278

In 1992, Bloch celebrated his 75th birthday with a bash at a Los Angeles mystery/horror bookstore which was attended by many sf/horror notables. Robert Bloch_sentence_279

In 1993, he published his "unauthorized autobiography", Once Around the Bloch (Tor) and edited the original anthology Monsters in Our Midst. Robert Bloch_sentence_280

In early 1994, Fedogan and Bremer published a collection of 39 of his stories, The Early Fears. Robert Bloch_sentence_281

Bloch began editing a new original anthology, Robert Bloch's Psychos but was unable to complete work on it prior to his death; Martin H. Greenberg finished the work posthumously and the book appeared several years later (1997). Robert Bloch_sentence_282

Personal life Robert Bloch_section_13

On October 2, 1940, Bloch married Marion Ruth Holcombe; it was reportedly a marriage of convenience designed to keep Bloch out of the army. Robert Bloch_sentence_283

During their marriage, she suffered (initially undiagnosed) tuberculosis of the bone, which affected her ability to walk. Robert Bloch_sentence_284

After working for 11 years for the Gustav Marx Advertising Agency in Milwaukee, Bloch left in 1953 and moved to Weyauwega, Marion's home town, so she could be close to friends and family. Robert Bloch_sentence_285

Although she was eventually cured of tuberculosis, she and Bloch divorced in 1963. Robert Bloch_sentence_286

Bloch's daughter Sally (born 1943) elected to stay with him. Robert Bloch_sentence_287

On January 18, 1964, Bloch met recently widowed Eleanor ("Elly") Alexander (née Zalisko) — who had lost her first husband, writer/producer John Alexander, to a heart attack three months earlier — and made her his second wife in a civil ceremony on the following October 16. Robert Bloch_sentence_288

Elly was a fashion model and cosmetician. Robert Bloch_sentence_289

They honeymooned in Tahiti, and in 1965 visited London, then British Columbia. Robert Bloch_sentence_290

They remained happily married until Bloch's death. Robert Bloch_sentence_291

Elly remained in the Los Angeles area for several years after selling their Laurel Canyon Home to fans of Bloch, eventually choosing to go home to Canada to be closer to her own family. Robert Bloch_sentence_292

She died March 7, 2007, at the Betel Home in Selkirk, Manitoba, Canada. Robert Bloch_sentence_293

Her ashes have been placed next to Bloch's in a similar book-shaped urn at Pierce Brothers in Westwood, California. Robert Bloch_sentence_294

Bloch died on September 23, 1994, after a long battle with cancer, at the age of 77. in Los Angeles after a writing career lasting 60 years, including more than 30 years in television and film. Robert Bloch_sentence_295

Bloch survived by seven months the death of another member of the original "Lovecraft Circle", Frank Belknap Long, who had died in January 1994. Robert Bloch_sentence_296

Bloch was cremated and his ashes interred in the Room of Prayer columbarium at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles. Robert Bloch_sentence_297

His wife Elly is also interred there. Robert Bloch_sentence_298

The Robert Bloch Award is presented at the annual Necronomicon convention. Robert Bloch_sentence_299

Its recipient in 2013 was editor and scholar S.T. Robert Bloch_sentence_300 Joshi. Robert Bloch_sentence_301

The award is in the shape of the Shining Trapezohedron as described in H. P. Lovecraft's tale dedicated to Bloch, "The Haunter of the Dark". Robert Bloch_sentence_302

Comic adaptations Robert Bloch_section_14

A number of Bloch's works have been adapted in graphic form for comics. Robert Bloch_sentence_303

These include: Robert Bloch_sentence_304

Robert Bloch_unordered_list_0

  • "Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho" adapted by Innovation Publishing as a three-part miniseries. Script and art by Felipe Echevarria. 1992.Robert Bloch_item_0_0
  • "The Past Master" in Christopher Lee's Treasury of Terror. NY: Pyramid, 1967.Robert Bloch_item_0_1
  • "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper" in Journey into Mystery v2 2 (Marvel Comics, Dec 1972). Script by Ron Goulart, art by Gil Kane and Ralph Reese. Reprinted in Masters of Terror 1 (Marvel large size b&w, July 1975).Robert Bloch_item_0_2
  • "The Shambler from the Stars" in Journey Into Mystery v2 3 (Marvel Comics, Feb 1973). Script by Ron Goulart, art by Jim Starlin and Tom Palmer. Reprinted in Masters of Terror 1 (Marvel large size b&w, Jul 1975).Robert Bloch_item_0_3
  • "The Shadow from the Steeple" in Journey into Mystery v2 5 (Marvel Comics, Jun 1973)Robert Bloch_item_0_4
  • "The Man Who Cried Wolf" (as "The Man Who Cried Werewolf!") in Monsters Unleashed 1 (Marvel Comics, large size b&w, Jul 1973). Script by Gerry Conway, art by Pablo Marcos.Robert Bloch_item_0_5
  • "The Beasts of Barsac" (as "The Living Dead") in Vampire Tales 5 (Marvel Comics, large size b&w, Jun 1974).Robert Bloch_item_0_6
  • "The Fear Planet" (as "And the Blood Ran Green") in Starstream 4 (Whitman, 1976). Script by Arnold Drake, art by Nevio Zaccara.Robert Bloch_item_0_7
  • Hell on Earth. Standalone graphic adaptation by Keith Giffen and Robert Loren Fleming, based on Bloch's story from Weird Tales (1942). DC Comics, 1985.Robert Bloch_item_0_8
  • "A Toy for Juliette" in Deepest Dimensions 1 (1993).Robert Bloch_item_0_9
  • Lori Standalone graphic adaptation by Ben Templesmith. (IDW, 2009).Robert Bloch_item_0_10
  • "Final Performance" in Doomed 1 (IDW, 2010). Adapted by Kristian Donaldson and Chris Ryall. Also included in Completely Doomed graphic anthology (IDW, 2011).Robert Bloch_item_0_11
  • "Warm Farewell" in Doomed 2 (IDW, 2010)Robert Bloch_item_0_12
  • "Fat Chance" in Doomed 3 (IDW, 2010).(Also includes a remembrance of Bloch by Jack Ketchum.)Robert Bloch_item_0_13
  • "Ego Trip" in Doomed 4 (IDW, 2010).Robert Bloch_item_0_14
  • "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper". 3-issue mini-series (IDW, 2010) and also collected as trade paperback (IDW, 2011). Scripted by Joe R. Lansdale.Robert Bloch_item_0_15
  • "That Hellbound Train". 3-issue mini-series (IDW, 2011). Scripted by Joe R. LansdaleRobert Bloch_item_0_16

The comic Aardwolf (No 2, Feb 1995) is a special tribute issue to Bloch. Robert Bloch_sentence_305

It contains brief tributes to Bloch from Harlan Ellison, Ray Bradbury, Richard Matheson, Julius Schwartz and Peter Straub incorporated within a piece called "Robert Bloch: A Retrospective" compiled by Clifford Lawrence. Robert Bloch_sentence_306

The first part of the text of Bloch's story "The Past Master" is also reprinted in this issue. Robert Bloch_sentence_307

Bloch also contributed a script as part of the DC one-shot benefit comic Heroes Against Hunger. Robert Bloch_sentence_308

The character Inspector Bloch in the Italian comic Dylan Dog is partly inspired by Robert Bloch. Robert Bloch_sentence_309

Audio adaptations Robert Bloch_section_15

A number of Bloch's works have been adapted for audio productions. Robert Bloch_sentence_310

Other adaptations include: Robert Bloch_sentence_311

Robert Bloch_unordered_list_1

  • "Almost Human". May 1950 NBC radio broadcast from Dimension X and 1955 NBC radio broadcast from show X Minus One. Available for download from: . Audio of this story also included on Isaac Asimov and Martin H. Greenberg (eds) Friends, Robots, Countrymen. Dercum Audio, 1997. ISBN 1-55656-256-X.Robert Bloch_item_1_17
  • Gravely, Robert Bloch. Alternate World Recordings, 1976. LP. Bloch himself reads "That Hellbound Train" and "Enoch".Robert Bloch_item_1_18
  • Blood! The Life and Times of Jack the Ripper. Alternate World recordings, 1977. LP (2 record set). Bloch himself reads "Yours Truly Jack the Ripper" and "A Toy for Juliette". Harlan Ellison reads his "The Prowler in the City at the Edge of the World"Robert Bloch_item_1_19
  • Psycho House (Psycho III). Sunset Productions/Audio gems, June 1992. ISBN 1-56431-037-X. Read by Mike Steele. 2 cassettes. Abridged?Robert Bloch_item_1_20
  • Thrillogy. Read by Roger Zelazny. Sunset Productions, 1993. Includes the three Bloch stories "That Hellbound Train", "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper", and "The Movie People. (1 cassette, running time 90 mins). ISBN 1-56431-045-0Robert Bloch_item_1_21
  • Psycho. Read by Kevin McCarthy. Listen for Pleasure, 1986. ISBN 0-88646-165-0 (2 cassettes, abridged, running time 2 hours). Reissued Feb 1999 ISBN 0-88646-492-7.Robert Bloch_item_1_22
  • Psycho II: The Nightmare Continues. Sunset Productions, Aug 1992. ISBN 1-56431-019-1.Robert Bloch_item_1_23
  • "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper" on The Greatest Mysteries of All Time. Newstar Media, 1994. ISBN 0-7871-2092-8. 1 cassette. Packaged with "Hight Darktown" by James Ellroy. Read by Arte Johnson and Robert Forster. Running time ?Robert Bloch_item_1_24
  • The Living Dead. Stellar Audio Vol 5: Horror edition (Brilliance Audio), Aug 1996. Packaged with You'll Catch Your Death by P.N. Elrod. ISBN 1-56740-970-9. 1 cassette. Running time 90 mins.Robert Bloch_item_1_25
  • Psycho. Read by William Hootkins. Magmasters Sound Studios/ABC Audio, 1997. (2 cassettes, running time 3 hours). ISBN 1-84007-002-1.Robert Bloch_item_1_26
  • "The Movie People" on Hollywood Fantasies – Ten Surreal Visions of Tinsel Town. Dove Audio/Audio Literature, 1997. 4 cassettes. Running time 6 hours. Unabridged. ISBN 0-7871-0946-0Robert Bloch_item_1_27
  • "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper". On The Greatest Horror Stories of the 20th Century edited by Martin Greenberg. Dove Audio, 1998. Read by various readers. 4 cassettes. Running time 6 hours. ISBN 0-7871-1723-4Robert Bloch_item_1_28
  • Psycho. BBC Radio Collection, June 2000. Read by William Hope. ? cassettes. Abridged. ISBN 0-563-47710-5.Robert Bloch_item_1_29
  • "A Good Knight's Work". Adapted by George Zarr, performed by a full cast. Seeing Ear Theatre, 2001. Running time 44 mins.Robert Bloch_item_1_30
  • Psycho. Blackstone Audio, Feb 2009. Read by Paul Michael Garcia. ISBN 978-1-4332-5705-6 (4 cassette set), 9781433257094 (1 mp3-cd), 9781433257063 (5 cd set). Unabridged. Running times 5.6 hours. Playaway preloaded digital audio ed with earbuds, Sept 2009 ISBN 1-4332-5713-0Robert Bloch_item_1_31
  • This Crowded Earth. Librivox, March 2009. Read by Gregg Margarite. (3-CD set, running time 3 hours, 30 mins). Available for download from Librivox:Robert Bloch_item_1_32
  • Psycho. (In German). Read by Matthias Brandt. (5-CD set). Der Audio Verlag, 2011. ISBN 978-3-89813-975-5Robert Bloch_item_1_33

Various recordings of Bloch speaking at fantasy and sf conventions are also extant. Robert Bloch_sentence_312

Many of these are available for download from Will Hart's CthulhuWho site: Robert Bloch_sentence_313

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Bloch.