Robert De Niro

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"De Niro" redirects here. Robert De Niro_sentence_0

For other people with this surname, see De Niro (surname). Robert De Niro_sentence_1

Robert De Niro_table_infobox_0

Robert De NiroRobert De Niro_header_cell_0_0_0
BornRobert De Niro_header_cell_0_1_0 Robert Anthony De Niro Jr.
(1943-08-17) August 17, 1943 (age 77)

New York City, U.S.Robert De Niro_cell_0_1_1

CitizenshipRobert De Niro_header_cell_0_2_0 Robert De Niro_cell_0_2_1
OccupationRobert De Niro_header_cell_0_3_0 Actor, producer, directorRobert De Niro_cell_0_3_1
Years activeRobert De Niro_header_cell_0_4_0 1963–presentRobert De Niro_cell_0_4_1
WorksRobert De Niro_header_cell_0_5_0 FilmographyRobert De Niro_cell_0_5_1
Spouse(s)Robert De Niro_header_cell_0_6_0 Robert De Niro_cell_0_6_1
ChildrenRobert De Niro_header_cell_0_7_0 6, including Drena and RaphaelRobert De Niro_cell_0_7_1
Parent(s)Robert De Niro_header_cell_0_8_0 Robert De Niro_cell_0_8_1
AwardsRobert De Niro_header_cell_0_9_0 Full listRobert De Niro_cell_0_9_1

Robert Anthony De Niro (/də ˈnɪəroʊ/, Italian: [de ˈniːro; born August 17, 1943) is an American actor, producer, and director who holds both American and Italian citizenship. Robert De Niro_sentence_2

He is particularly known for his collaborations with filmmaker Martin Scorsese. Robert De Niro_sentence_3

He is the recipient of various accolades, including two Academy Awards, a Golden Globe Award, the Cecil B. DeMille Award, and a Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award. Robert De Niro_sentence_4

In 2009, he received the Kennedy Center Honor and in 2016, he received a Presidential Medal of Freedom from U.S. President Barack Obama. Robert De Niro_sentence_5

Born in Manhattan in New York City, De Niro studied acting at HB Studio, Stella Adler Conservatory, and Lee Strasberg's Actors Studio. Robert De Niro_sentence_6

His first major onscreen appearance was in Greetings (1968). Robert De Niro_sentence_7

He soon gained recognition with his role as a baseball player in the sports drama Bang the Drum Slowly (1973). Robert De Niro_sentence_8

His first collaboration with Scorsese was in Mean Streets (1973), in which he played the small-time criminal "Johnny Boy". Robert De Niro_sentence_9

Stardom followed soon after with his role as the young Vito Corleone in Francis Ford Coppola's The Godfather Part II (1974), which won him the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Robert De Niro_sentence_10

For his portrayal of Travis Bickle in Taxi Driver (1976), and a soldier in the Vietnam War drama The Deer Hunter (1978), he earned two Academy Award nominations for Best Actor. Robert De Niro_sentence_11

In 1980, De Niro portrayed Jake LaMotta in Scorsese's biographical drama Raging Bull which won him an Academy Award for Best Actor, his first in this category. Robert De Niro_sentence_12

He diversified into comic roles, such as by playing a stand-up comedian in The King of Comedy (1982), and gained further recognition for his performances in Sergio Leone's crime epic Once Upon a Time in America (1984), Terry Gilliam's dystopian satire Brazil (1985), the religious epic The Mission (1986), and the comedy Midnight Run (1988). Robert De Niro_sentence_13

De Niro entered the 1990s playing gangster Jimmy Conway in the crime film Goodfellas, a catatonic patient in the drama Awakenings (both 1990), and as a criminal in the psychological thriller Cape Fear (1991). Robert De Niro_sentence_14

All three films received praise for De Niro's performances. Robert De Niro_sentence_15

He then starred in This Boy's Life (1993), and directed his first feature film with 1993's A Bronx Tale. Robert De Niro_sentence_16

His other critical successes include the crime films Heat and Casino (both 1995). Robert De Niro_sentence_17

He is also known for his more comic roles in the films Wag the Dog (1997), Analyze This (1999), and Meet the Parents (2000). Robert De Niro_sentence_18

After appearing in a series of critically panned and commercially unsuccessful films, he earned another Academy Award nomination for his role in David O. Russell's 2012 romantic comedy, Silver Linings Playbook. Robert De Niro_sentence_19

In 2017 he portrayed Bernie Madoff in The Wizard of Lies, earning a Primetime Emmy Award nomination. Robert De Niro_sentence_20

In 2019, De Niro starred in two acclaimed films; the psychological thriller Joker, and Scorsese's crime epic The Irishman. Robert De Niro_sentence_21

De Niro and Scorsese have made nine feature films together, and six of De Niro's films have been inducted into the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". Robert De Niro_sentence_22

In 1989, De Niro and producer Jane Rosenthal co-founded TriBeCa Productions, a film production company, and in 2002, he co-founded the Tribeca Film Festival. Robert De Niro_sentence_23

Early life Robert De Niro_section_0

Robert Anthony De Niro was born in the Manhattan borough of New York City on August 17, 1943, the only child of painters Virginia Admiral and Robert De Niro Sr. His father was of Irish and Italian descent, while his mother had Dutch, English, French, and German ancestry. Robert De Niro_sentence_24

His parents, who had met at the painting classes of Hans Hofmann in Provincetown, Massachusetts, separated when he was two years old after his father announced that he was gay. Robert De Niro_sentence_25

He was raised by his mother in the Greenwich Village and Little Italy neighborhoods of Manhattan. Robert De Niro_sentence_26

His father lived nearby, and remained close with De Niro during his childhood. Robert De Niro_sentence_27

Nicknamed "Bobby Milk" because of his pale complexion, De Niro befriended a number of street kids in Little Italy, much to the disapproval of his father. Robert De Niro_sentence_28

Some, however, have remained his lifelong friends. Robert De Niro_sentence_29

His mother was raised Presbyterian but became an atheist as an adult, while his father had been a lapsed Catholic since the age of 12. Robert De Niro_sentence_30

Against his parents' wishes, his grandparents had De Niro secretly baptized into the Catholic Church while he was staying with them during his parents' divorce. Robert De Niro_sentence_31

De Niro attended PS 41, a public elementary school in Manhattan, through the sixth grade. Robert De Niro_sentence_32

He began acting classes at the Dramatic Workshop and made his stage debut in school at age 10, playing the Cowardly Lion in The Wizard of Oz. Robert De Niro_sentence_33

He later went to Elisabeth Irwin High School, the upper school of the Little Red School House, for the seventh and eighth grades. Robert De Niro_sentence_34

He was then accepted into the High School of Music and Art for the ninth grade, but only attended for a short time before transferring to a public junior high school: IS 71, Charles Evans Hughes Junior High School. Robert De Niro_sentence_35

De Niro attended high school at McBurney School and later, Rhodes Preparatory School. Robert De Niro_sentence_36

He found performing as a way to relieve his shyness, and became fascinated by cinema, so he dropped out of high school at 16 to pursue acting. Robert De Niro_sentence_37

He later said, "When I was around 18, I was looking at a TV show and I said, 'If these actors are making a living at it, and they're not really that good, I can't do any worse than them.'" Robert De Niro_sentence_38

He studied acting at HB Studio and Lee Strasberg's Actors Studio. Robert De Niro_sentence_39

De Niro also studied with Stella Adler, of the Stella Adler Conservatory, where he was exposed to the techniques of the Stanislavski system. Robert De Niro_sentence_40

Career Robert De Niro_section_1

1963–1973: Early roles and breakthrough Robert De Niro_section_2

De Niro's had minor film roles in Encounter, Three Rooms in Manhattan (both released in 1965) and Les Jeunes Loups (1968). Robert De Niro_sentence_41

Shortly afterwards, De Niro landed a major role in Greetings (1968), a satirical film about men avoiding the Vietnam War draft. Robert De Niro_sentence_42

The film marked the first of a series of early collaborations between De Niro and director Brian De Palma. Robert De Niro_sentence_43

A year later, De Niro appeared in the drama Sam's Song in which he portrays a New York City filmmaker. Robert De Niro_sentence_44

Also in 1969, he appeared in De Palma's comedy The Wedding Party; although it was filmed in 1963, it was kept unreleased for six years. Robert De Niro_sentence_45

De Niro, who was still unknown at the time, gained a favorable review from The New York Times' Howard Thompson: "This farcical comedy, modestly produced by a trio of young people and utilizing some unfamiliar faces, is great fun". Robert De Niro_sentence_46

He then appeared in Roger Corman's low-budget crime drama Bloody Mama (1970), a loose adaptation of Ma Barker's life, who was the mother of four American criminals, of which De Niro portrayed one: Lloyd Barker. Robert De Niro_sentence_47

Thompson praised the film and thought the cast gave "fine performances". Robert De Niro_sentence_48

Next, De Niro starred in De Palma's comedy Hi, Mom! Robert De Niro_sentence_49

(1970), a sequel to Greetings. Robert De Niro_sentence_50

Writing for The New Yorker, Richard Brody opined that De Niro "brings unhinged spontaneity" to his character. Robert De Niro_sentence_51

He also had a small role in Jennifer on My Mind (1971) and in Ivan Passer's Born to Win (1971). Robert De Niro_sentence_52

His last film appearance of 1971 was in The Gang That Couldn't Shoot Straight, a crime-comedy based on the 1969 novel of the same name by Jimmy Breslin. Robert De Niro_sentence_53

In 1972, De Niro starred in two performances at The American Place Theatre, directed by Charles Maryan. Robert De Niro_sentence_54

He then returned to the big screen with Bang the Drum Slowly (1973), in which he played the lead role as Bruce Pearson, a Major League Baseball player with Hodgkin disease. Robert De Niro_sentence_55

His co-stars were Michael Moriarty and Vincent Gardenia. Robert De Niro_sentence_56

Adapted from the 1956 novel of the same name by Mark Harris, the film received critical acclaim and helped De Niro gain further recognition. Robert De Niro_sentence_57

The Hollywood Reporter wrote, "De Niro proves himself to be one of the best and most likable young character actors in movies with this performance". Robert De Niro_sentence_58

Variety magazine's Alex Belth also took note of De Niro's "touching" portrayal, while Gardenia was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Robert De Niro_sentence_59

Harris later wrote about De Niro, "He learned only as much baseball as he needed for his role [...] I doubt that he ever cared to touch a baseball again". Robert De Niro_sentence_60

In 1973, De Niro began collaborating with Martin Scorsese when he appeared in the crime film Mean Streets (1973), co-starring Harvey Keitel. Robert De Niro_sentence_61

Although De Niro was offered a choice of roles, Scorsese wanted De Niro to play "Johnny Boy" Civello, a small time criminal working his way up a local mob. Robert De Niro_sentence_62

While De Niro and Keitel were given freedom to improvise certain scenes, assistant director Ron Satlof recalls De Niro was "extremely serious, extremely involved in his role and preparation", and became isolated from the rest of the cast and crew. Robert De Niro_sentence_63

Mean Streets debuted at the Cannes Film Festival, followed by the New York Film Festival five months later, to a generally warm response. Robert De Niro_sentence_64

Film critic Roger Ebert thought De Niro gave a "marvelous performance, filled with urgency and restless desperation". Robert De Niro_sentence_65

Pauline Kael of The New York Times was equally impressed by De Niro, writing he is "a bravura actor, and those who have registered him only as the grinning, tobacco-chewing dolt of that hunk of inept whimsey Bang the Drum Slowly will be unprepared for his volatile performance. Robert De Niro_sentence_66

De Niro does something like what Dustin Hoffman was doing in Midnight Cowboy, but wilder; this kid doesn’t just act – he takes off into the vapors". Robert De Niro_sentence_67

In 1997, the film was selected for preservation in the U.S. National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". Robert De Niro_sentence_68

1974–1980: Scorsese collaboration and acclaim Robert De Niro_section_3

De Niro had a pivotal role in Francis Ford Coppola's crime epic The Godfather Part II (1974), playing the young Vito Corleone. Robert De Niro_sentence_69

De Niro had previously auditioned for the first installment, The Godfather (1972), but quit the project in favor of doing The Gang That Couldn't Shoot Straight. Robert De Niro_sentence_70

Coppola, having remembered him, gave De Niro a role in Part II instead. Robert De Niro_sentence_71

To portray his character, De Niro spoke mainly in several Sicilian dialects, although he delivered a few lines in English. Robert De Niro_sentence_72

The film was a commercial success and grossed $48 million at the worldwide box office. Robert De Niro_sentence_73

The Godfather Part II received eleven nominations at the 47th Academy Awards, winning six, including one for De Niro as Best Supporting Actor. Robert De Niro_sentence_74

It was De Niro's first Academy win; Coppola accepted the award on his behalf as he did not attend the ceremony. Robert De Niro_sentence_75

De Niro and Marlon Brando, who played the older Vito Corleone in the first film, were the first pair of actors to win Academy Awards for portraying the same fictional character. Robert De Niro_sentence_76

After working with Scorsese in Mean Streets, De Niro collaborated with him again for the psychological drama Taxi Driver (1976). Robert De Niro_sentence_77

Set in gritty and morally bankrupt New York City following the Vietnam War, the film tells the story of Travis Bickle, a lonely taxi driver who descends into insanity. Robert De Niro_sentence_78

In preparation for the role, De Niro spent time with members of a U.S army base to learn their Midwestern accent and mannerisms. Robert De Niro_sentence_79

He also lost 30 pounds (13 kg) in weight, took firearm training and studied the behavior of taxi drivers. Robert De Niro_sentence_80

The film was critically acclaimed, in particular for De Niro's performance; The Washington Post critic hailed it as his "landmark performance", and the San Francisco Chronicle wrote "De Niro is dazzling in one of his signature roles". Robert De Niro_sentence_81

Despite controversy for Jodie Foster being cast as a child prostitute, the film was nominated for four Academy Awards, including Best Actor for De Niro. Robert De Niro_sentence_82

His "You talkin' to me?" Robert De Niro_sentence_83

quote, which he improvised, was selected as the 10th most memorable quote in the AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes by the American Film Institute. Robert De Niro_sentence_84

In 2005, the film was chosen by Time magazine as one of the 100 best films of all time. Robert De Niro_sentence_85

De Niro had two other film releases in 1976. Robert De Niro_sentence_86

He starred in 1900, a historical drama directed by Bernardo Bertolucci. Robert De Niro_sentence_87

Starring an ensemble cast, the film is set in the Emilia region of Italy, and tells the story of two men, the landowner Alfredo Berlinghieri (De Niro) and the peasant Olmo Dalcò (Gérard Depardieu), as they witness and participate in the political conflicts between fascism and communism in the first half of the twentieth century. Robert De Niro_sentence_88

Next, he played a CEO in The Last Tycoon, based on F. Robert De Niro_sentence_89 Scott Fitzgerald's novel of the same name, as adapted by British screenwriter Harold Pinter. Robert De Niro_sentence_90

De Niro lost 42 pounds (19 kg) for the role, and director Elia Kazan observed that De Niro would rehearse on Sundays, adding "Bobby and I would go over the scenes to be shot. Robert De Niro_sentence_91

Bobby is more meticulous... he's very imaginative. Robert De Niro_sentence_92

He's very precise. Robert De Niro_sentence_93

He figures everything out both inside and outside. Robert De Niro_sentence_94

He has good emotion. Robert De Niro_sentence_95

He's a character actor: everything he does he calculates. Robert De Niro_sentence_96

In a good way, but he calculates". Robert De Niro_sentence_97

The film received mixed reviews; Variety magazine's critic opined that the film was "unfocused" and called De Niro's performance "mildly intriguing". Robert De Niro_sentence_98

Film critic Marie Brenner wrote, "it is a role that surpasses even his brilliant and daring portrayal of Vito Corleone in The Godfather Part II... his performance deserves to be compared with the very finest". Robert De Niro_sentence_99

For De Niro's sole project of 1977, he starred in Scorsese's musical drama New York, New York opposite Liza Minnelli. Robert De Niro_sentence_100

De Niro learned to play the saxophone from musician Georgie Auld, to portray saxophonist Jimmy, who falls in love with a pop singer (Minnelli). Robert De Niro_sentence_101

The film received generally mixed reception, although critics were kinder to De Niro. Robert De Niro_sentence_102

The film was nominated for four Golden Globe awards including Best Actor in a Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for De Niro. Robert De Niro_sentence_103

In 1978, De Niro starred in Michael Cimino's epic war film The Deer Hunter, in which he played a steelworker whose life was changed after serving in the Vietnam War. Robert De Niro_sentence_104

He co-starred with Christopher Walken, John Savage, John Cazale, Meryl Streep, and George Dzundza. Robert De Niro_sentence_105

The story takes place in Clairton, Pennsylvania, a working-class town on the Monongahela River south of Pittsburgh, and in Vietnam. Robert De Niro_sentence_106

Producer Michael Deeley pursued De Niro for the role, because the fame of his previous films would help make a "gruesome-sounding storyline and a barely known director" marketable. Robert De Niro_sentence_107

De Niro, impressed by the script and director's preparation, was among the first to sign on to the film. Robert De Niro_sentence_108

Reviews for The Deer Hunter were generally positive, and the cast attracted strong praise for their performances. Robert De Niro_sentence_109

The film received nominations at the Academy Awards, Golden Globes and British Academy Film Awards (BAFTAs), and earned De Niro a nomination for Best Actor at the Academy Awards. Robert De Niro_sentence_110

In 2007, the American Film Institute ranked it as the 53rd-greatest American film of all time in their 10th Anniversary Edition of the AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies list. Robert De Niro_sentence_111

The fourth collaboration between De Niro and Scorsese was in 1980, with the biographical drama Raging Bull. Robert De Niro_sentence_112

Adapted from Jake LaMotta's memoir Raging Bull: My Story, De Niro portrays LaMotta, the Italian-American middleweight boxer whose violent behavior and temper destroyed his relationship with his wife and family. Robert De Niro_sentence_113

Co-starring Joe Pesci and Cathy Moriarty, De Niro later said it was one of the toughest roles to prepare for because he had to gain 60 pounds (27 kg), and had to learn to box. Robert De Niro_sentence_114

"The book’s not great literature, but it’s got a lot of heart", De Niro told Scorsese at the time. Robert De Niro_sentence_115

Although the film received critical acclaim, some reviewers were divided and criticized its "exceedingly violent" content; however, De Niro garnered praise for his realistic portrayal. Robert De Niro_sentence_116

The critic from The Hollywood Reporter declared that "De Niro is incredible and makes the actor almost unrecognizable as himself; he looks amazingly like La Motta. Robert De Niro_sentence_117

De Niro's appearance is also astonishing in the final scenes". Robert De Niro_sentence_118

Michael Thomson of the BBC observed "the power of Scorsese is matched by the intensity of De Niro who delves deep into the soul of the boxer". Robert De Niro_sentence_119

At the 53rd Academy Awards, the film received eight nominations, including Best Actor for De Niro, for which he won. Robert De Niro_sentence_120

Raging Bull has since been regarded as one of the greatest films of the 1980s by American critics. Robert De Niro_sentence_121

1981–1991: Dramas, comedies and awards success Robert De Niro_section_4

De Niro returned to the crime genre with True Confessions (1981), adapted from the 1977 novel of the same name by John Gregory Dunne. Robert De Niro_sentence_122

Less challenging than his previous film, De Niro played a priest who clashes with his brother (Robert Duvall), a detective investigating the murder of a prostitute. Robert De Niro_sentence_123

Vincent Canby of The New York Times thought the plot was hard to follow at times but praised the actors who "work so beautifully together it sometimes seems like a single performance". Robert De Niro_sentence_124

To expand his range of acting roles and to prove his acting abilities, De Niro sought out films with a comedic tone throughout the 1980s. Robert De Niro_sentence_125

He found it in The King of Comedy (1982), in which he played the struggling stand-up comedian Rupert Pupkin. Robert De Niro_sentence_126

De Niro was first to bring the script to the attention of Scorsese, who then gave it a New York setting and darker tone. Robert De Niro_sentence_127

The film failed to find an audience, and was a box office disappointment, grossing only $2.5 million from a budget of $19 million. Robert De Niro_sentence_128

However, most critics praised De Niro's performance. Robert De Niro_sentence_129

His next film credit was in Sergio Leone's Once Upon a Time in America (1984), in which he plays David "Noodles" Aaronson, a New York City Jewish gangster. Robert De Niro_sentence_130

The theatrical cut, with a runtime of 229 minutes, premiered at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival and received a 15-minute standing ovation. Robert De Niro_sentence_131

The film was shortened for theaters in the U.S. (139 minutes), but this proved to be highly unpopular with critics. Robert De Niro_sentence_132

After seeing the full cut, Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times described the film "excessive as well as tightly controlled" with the actors showing "impressive restraint and power". Robert De Niro_sentence_133

Falling in Love, a romantic comedy starring opposite Meryl Streep, was his last release of 1984. Robert De Niro_sentence_134

One year later, De Niro starred in a science fiction for the first time, Brazil, about a daydreaming man living in a dystopian society. Robert De Niro_sentence_135

Although the film was unsuccessful at the box office, Brazil was included in The Criterion Collection. Robert De Niro_sentence_136

In May 1986, De Niro returned to the stage at Longacre Theatre, playing the lead role in the production Cuba and His Teddy Bear. Robert De Niro_sentence_137

For his next feature film, he co-starred in The Mission (1986) with Jeremy Irons, a period drama about the experiences of a Jesuit missionary in eighteenth century South America. Robert De Niro_sentence_138

Vincent Canby reviewed the film negatively, and was critical of De Niro's casting: "De Niro, who was very fine as the street-wise priest in True Confessions, is all right here until he opens his mouth". Robert De Niro_sentence_139

However, the film won an Academy Award for Best Cinematography, three BAFTAs, including Best Editing, and two Golden Globes for Best Screenplay and Best Original Score. Robert De Niro_sentence_140

In 1987, De Niro had two minor film roles. Robert De Niro_sentence_141

In the first, he was cast as Louis Cyphre in Alan Parker's horror Angel Heart, an adaptation of William Hjortsberg's 1978 novel Falling Angel. Robert De Niro_sentence_142

In the second, he portrayed Al Capone in De Palma's crime drama, The Untouchables. Robert De Niro_sentence_143

While Pauline Kael opined that De Niro "lazy" for undertaking small roles, De Palma defended him by saying he was "experimenting with those characters". Robert De Niro_sentence_144

In July 1987, he traveled to Russia to serve as President of the Jury at the 15th Moscow International Film Festival. Robert De Niro_sentence_145

Finally that year, he provided a voice-over for the documentary Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam. Robert De Niro_sentence_146

The buddy cop film, Midnight Run, was his next effort in 1988. Robert De Niro_sentence_147

Starring opposite Charles Grodin, De Niro played bounty hunter Jack Walsh. Robert De Niro_sentence_148

The film received amicable reception and was a commercial success, grossing $81 million worldwide. Robert De Niro_sentence_149

In his mixed review, Hal Hinson of The Washington Post wrote of De Niro: Robert De Niro_sentence_150

He turned down an opportunity to play Jesus Christ in Scorsese's The Last Temptation of Christ (1988), although he told the director that he would do it as a favor if needed. Robert De Niro_sentence_151

Scorsese cast Willem Dafoe instead. Robert De Niro_sentence_152

In 1989, De Niro starred in several films that were not widely seen. Robert De Niro_sentence_153

He starred alongside Ed Harris and Kathy Baker in the drama Jacknife. Robert De Niro_sentence_154

The film revolves around the complex relationship between a Vietnam veteran, his sister and fellow army buddy. Robert De Niro_sentence_155

Next, he starred in the crime comedy We're No Angels (1989) with Sean Penn, a remake of the 1955 film of the same name. Robert De Niro_sentence_156

The pair play escaped convicts who go on the run towards Canada. Robert De Niro_sentence_157

A year later, he starred in the romantic drama Stanley & Iris opposite Jane Fonda. Robert De Niro_sentence_158

Film critics did not receive We're No Angels or Stanley & Iris positively; modern review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gives them approval ratings of 47% and 33%, respectively. Robert De Niro_sentence_159

De Niro and producer Jane Rosenthal co-founded TriBeCa Productions, a film production company in 1989. Robert De Niro_sentence_160

De Niro and Scorsese soon reunited for their sixth collaboration in 1990, with the crime film Goodfellas. Robert De Niro_sentence_161

It is an adaptation of the 1985 non-fiction book Wiseguy by Nicholas Pileggi. Robert De Niro_sentence_162

The film narrates the life of mob associate Henry Hill (Ray Liotta) and his friends and family from 1955 to 1980. Robert De Niro_sentence_163

De Niro played James Conway, an Irish truck carjacker and gangster. Robert De Niro_sentence_164

Goodfellas premiered at the 47th Venice International Film Festival to an "enthusiastic" response from Italian critics, although it grossed a moderate $46 million upon its wider release. Robert De Niro_sentence_165

Writing for Rolling Stone magazine, Peter Travers, praised the cast performances, and called De Niro's character "a smooth killer acted with riveting restraint". Robert De Niro_sentence_166

Chicago Tribune's Gene Siskel was equally impressed by their improvised performances and concluded "easily one of the year's best films". Robert De Niro_sentence_167

In the awards season, the film was nominated for six Academy Awards, and De Niro was nominated for Best Actor at the BAFTAs. Robert De Niro_sentence_168

In 2007, the American Film Institute ranked it as the 92nd-greatest American film of all time in their 10th Anniversary Edition of the AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies list. Robert De Niro_sentence_169

Also in 1990, De Niro appeared in the lead role for Awakenings, directed by Penny Marshall. Robert De Niro_sentence_170

The drama, based on Oliver Sacks' 1973 book of the same title, tells the story of Dr. Malcolm Sayer (Robin Williams), who discovers benefits of the drug L-Dopa in 1969 and administers it to catatonic patients. Robert De Niro_sentence_171

The film was nominated for three Academy Awards, including Best Actor for De Niro. Robert De Niro_sentence_172

Sacks later remarked of the film: "I was pleased with a great deal of it. Robert De Niro_sentence_173

I think in an uncanny way, De Niro did somehow feel his way into being Parkinsonian. Robert De Niro_sentence_174

[...] At other levels I think things were sort of sentimentalized and simplified somewhat". Robert De Niro_sentence_175

De Niro's next film project was the drama Guilty by Suspicion (1991) in which he plays David Merrill, a fictitious film director, returning to the U.S. during the McCarthy era and Hollywood blacklist. Robert De Niro_sentence_176

The film received generally favorable reviews. Robert De Niro_sentence_177

He then had a minor role in the mystery drama Backdraft (1991), playing a veteran fire inspector. Robert De Niro_sentence_178

De Niro's biggest success of 1991 was Cape Fear, his seventh film with Scorsese. Robert De Niro_sentence_179

It is a remake of the 1962 film of the same name, but heavily inspired by the original director, Alfred Hitchcock. Robert De Niro_sentence_180

De Niro portrays convicted rapist Max Cady, who seeks revenge against a former public defender who originally defended him. Robert De Niro_sentence_181

To look the part, De Niro spent hours in the gym and consented to the grind down of his teeth which were corrected when filming ended. Robert De Niro_sentence_182

De Niro's performance was widely lauded. Robert De Niro_sentence_183

David Ansen of Newsweek remarked that De Niro "dominates the film with his lip-smacking, blackly comic and terrifying portrayal of psychopathic self-righteousness". Robert De Niro_sentence_184

The film grossed a successful $182 million and earned De Niro a Best Actor nomination at the 64th Academy Awards. Robert De Niro_sentence_185

1992–1997: Directorial debut and crime dramas Robert De Niro_section_5

In 1992, De Niro appeared in two films. Robert De Niro_sentence_186

The first, Mistress, is a comedy-drama in which he played ruthless businessman Evan Wright. Robert De Niro_sentence_187

Of his performance, the critic from The Independent called De Niro "more urbane and coherent than we've seen him for a while". Robert De Niro_sentence_188

Irwin Winkler's Night and the City was his second release, a crime drama remake of the 1950 film noir of the same name. Robert De Niro_sentence_189

He was cast as New York lawyer Harry Fabian. Robert De Niro_sentence_190

Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a rating of "B-" and was critical of De Niro: "The actor who once got so far inside his roles that he just about detonated the screen – now plays characters who don’t seem to have any inner life at all". Robert De Niro_sentence_191

Next, he served as a producer for the mystery thriller Thunderheart (1992). Robert De Niro_sentence_192

In 1993, he played crime scene photographer Wayne Dobie in the comedy drama Mad Dog and Glory with co-stars Uma Thurman and Bill Murray. Robert De Niro_sentence_193

The feature received reasonable reviews and was lauded for the chemistry between De Niro and Murray; The Washington Post critic noted that their "real-life friendship spills over into this jittery, very funny look at the male bonding experience". Robert De Niro_sentence_194

Next, De Niro starred in the coming-of-age film This Boy's Life (1993), based on the memoir of the same name by Tobias Wolff. Robert De Niro_sentence_195

It features Ellen Barkin and Leonardo DiCaprio. Robert De Niro_sentence_196

Playing stepfather Dwight Hansen of Wolff (DiCaprio), the film was mostly well received, although Timeout magazine believed that "DiCaprio steals the show". Robert De Niro_sentence_197

De Niro starred in his directorial debut, A Bronx Tale (1993), a coming-of-age story about an Italian-American boy who is torn between the temptations of organized crime, racism in his community, and the values of his decent father. Robert De Niro_sentence_198

The film also stars Chazz Palminteri, who wrote the play of the same name, and is based on his childhood. Robert De Niro_sentence_199

A Bronx Tale premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival to a positive response; Marjorie Baumgarten of The Austin Chronicle wrote "De Niro's choices as a director all seem prudent and un-showy, designed to draw attention to the characters and the story rather than its technical assemblage and much-lauded star". Robert De Niro_sentence_200

Variety magazine's Todd McCarthy took issue with the film's slow start but complimented De Niro's "impressive sensitivity to the irrational roots of racism and violence". Robert De Niro_sentence_201

A year later, De Niro was cast in the lead role of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, an adaptation of Mary Shelley's 1818 novel Frankenstein. Robert De Niro_sentence_202

Although the film was commercially successful, earning $112 million worldwide, the general consensus of reviews were largely negative. Robert De Niro_sentence_203

Film critic James Berardinelli opined that it was entertaining and De Niro gave a strong performance, despite the film's "frantic" pace. Robert De Niro_sentence_204

Casino (1995) marked De Niro's return to the crime genre with Scorsese in their eighth collaboration. Robert De Niro_sentence_205

Co-starring Sharon Stone and Joe Pesci, the film is based on the book Casino: Love and Honor in Las Vegas by Nicholas Pileggi. Robert De Niro_sentence_206

De Niro portrays Sam "Ace" Rothstein, a mob-connected casino operator in Las Vegas. Robert De Niro_sentence_207

The film's themes revolve around greed, betrayal, wealth, status, and murder that occur between two mobsters, Sam "Ace" Rothstein (De Niro) and Nicky Santoro (Pesci), and a trophy wife (Stone) over a gambling empire. Robert De Niro_sentence_208

Casino was released to mostly positive critical reception, and was a success at the worldwide box office. Robert De Niro_sentence_209

Roger Ebert was impressed with the lead performers' abilities to "inhabit their roles with unconscious assurance", and The Globe and Mail's critic thought "De Niro does an extraordinarily subtle job of capturing the paradox [...] that lie at the heart of this picture". Robert De Niro_sentence_210

Shortly afterwards, he starred in 1995's crime thriller Heat, about a group of professional bank robbers. Robert De Niro_sentence_211

Art Linson, who had previously produced films starring De Niro, sent him the script first. Robert De Niro_sentence_212

"It was very good, very strong, had a particular feel to it, a reality and authenticity," De Niro said. Robert De Niro_sentence_213

Co-starring Al Pacino and Van Kilmer, the film was released to wide acclaim; Michael Wilmington of the Chicago Tribune wrote: Robert De Niro_sentence_214

In 1995, De Niro had minor roles in the French comedy One Hundred and One Nights and in the drama Panther. Robert De Niro_sentence_215

In 1996, De Niro starred in the sports thriller The Fan, based on the novel of the same name by Peter Abrahams. Robert De Niro_sentence_216

De Niro plays Gil Renard, a baseball fanatic who loses his sanity. Robert De Niro_sentence_217

His fiftieth film credit was in the crime drama Sleepers (1996), about four boys who become involved with crime, and are sentenced to a detention center where they are abused by guards, and seek vengeance upon release. Robert De Niro_sentence_218

De Niro plays priest Bobby Carillo, a father figure to the four boys. Robert De Niro_sentence_219

Afterwards, he appeared in Marvin's Room (1996) as Dr. Wallace Carter, who treats a woman (Meryl Streep) with leukemia. Robert De Niro_sentence_220

Writing for the British Empire magazine, Bob McCabe opined that "Performances are all eminently watchable [...] but the truncated feel robs the film of anything more than perfunctory pleasures". Robert De Niro_sentence_221

Also in 1996, De Niro co-produced the crime-comedy Faithful. Robert De Niro_sentence_222

The following year, he appeared in James Mangold's Cop Land (1997), a crime-drama co-starring Sylvester Stallone, Harvey Keitel and Ray Liotta. Robert De Niro_sentence_223

De Niro plays Internal Affairs investigator Lt. Moe Tilden, who explores police corruption in a New Jersey town. Robert De Niro_sentence_224

The film opened to a generally warm response, although Barbara Shulgasser of San Francisco Examiner criticized De Niro's acting in certain scenes, suggesting Mangold put De Niro in a "manufactured situation", preventing him from realizing his full potential. Robert De Niro_sentence_225

De Niro co-starred and co-produced Wag the Dog (1997). Robert De Niro_sentence_226

The film is a political satire about a biased publicist (De Niro) and a Hollywood producer (Dustin Hoffman) who fabricate a war in Albania to cover up a U.S president's sex scandal. Robert De Niro_sentence_227

In January 1998, a month after its release, the Clinton–Lewinsky scandal dominated the headlines, which helped the film generate publicity. Robert De Niro_sentence_228

As a result, Wag the Dog was well-received and made the list of Roger Ebert's ten best films of 1997. Robert De Niro_sentence_229

De Niro also had a supporting role in Quentin Tarantino's Jackie Brown in that same year. Robert De Niro_sentence_230

1998–2006: Comic roles, thrillers, and slump Robert De Niro_section_6

De Niro began 1998 with an appearance in Great Expectations, a modern adaptation of Charles Dickens’ 1861 novel of the same name, in which he played Arthur Lustig. Robert De Niro_sentence_231

Later that year, his next major role came in Ronin (1998), about a team of former special operatives that are hired to steal a mysterious briefcase while navigating a maze of shifting loyalties. Robert De Niro_sentence_232

De Niro plays Sam, an American mercenary formerly associated with the CIA. Robert De Niro_sentence_233

Ronin premiered at the 1998 Venice Film Festival to favorable response; Janet Maslin of The New York Times praised De Niro's confident portrayal as an action hero. Robert De Niro_sentence_234

In 1999, De Niro ventured back into crime-comedy; he was cast as an insecure mob boss opposite Billy Crystal and Lisa Kudrow in Harold Ramis' Analyze This. Robert De Niro_sentence_235

The film was a box office hit, earning $176 million worldwide and De Niro was nominated for Best Actor at the Golden Globes. Robert De Niro_sentence_236

In Flawless (1999), De Niro appeared as a homophobic police officer, who suffers a stroke, and is assigned to a rehabilitative program with a gay singer. Robert De Niro_sentence_237

The critic from the BBC gave the film 3 out of 5 stars, and thought De Niro gave a "refreshingly low-key" performance, in comparison to his previous work. Robert De Niro_sentence_238

In 2000, De Niro produced and starred in his first live-action animation comedy, The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle. Robert De Niro_sentence_239

He voiced the character Fearless Leader, who is a dictator and employer of two mobsters. Robert De Niro_sentence_240

The film was critically panned, with Rotten Tomatoes giving the film a 43% approval rating. Robert De Niro_sentence_241

De Niro played Master Chief 'Billy' Sunday in the biographical drama Men of Honor (2000), based on the life of Carl Brashear, the first African-American to become a U.S. Navy Master Diver. Robert De Niro_sentence_242

Although the film garnered mixed reviews, Bob Thomas of the Associated Press wrote "De Niro infuses the role with all his dynamism. Robert De Niro_sentence_243

It is his best performance in years". Robert De Niro_sentence_244

That same year, he starred in the comedy Meet the Parents opposite Ben Stiller as Jack Byrnes, a former CIA operative who takes a dislike to Stiller's character. Robert De Niro_sentence_245

De Niro, who had been seeking comic roles at the time, was encouraged by his producing partner Jane Rosenthal, to take on the role. Robert De Niro_sentence_246

The film was a high earner at the box office, with $330 million in receipts. Robert De Niro_sentence_247

Film critics welcomed De Niro's transition as a comic actor and ability to make audiences laugh. Robert De Niro_sentence_248

After several comedies, De Niro landed a lead role in the crime thriller 15 Minutes (2001), a story about a homicide detective (De Niro) and a fire marshal (Edward Burns) who join forces to apprehend a pair of Eastern European murderers. Robert De Niro_sentence_249

The film's reception was generally unfavorable; William Arnold of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer took issue with the "in-your-face exaggeration", but he thought De Niro delivered "his usual edgy flair, [...] on the mean streets of his native Manhattan". Robert De Niro_sentence_250

De Niro followed up with a heist, in Frank Oz's The Score (2001), starring Edward Norton, Angela Bassett and Marlon Brando. Robert De Niro_sentence_251

He plays a retiring thief when a young man (Norton) persuades him into doing one last heist together. Robert De Niro_sentence_252

Upon release, The Score fared well with critics, although Peter Rainer of New York magazine did not think the film challenged De Niro or fully utilize his talents. Robert De Niro_sentence_253

The next year, he played an LAPD detective opposite Eddie Murphy in the action-comedy Showtime. Robert De Niro_sentence_254

The reviewer from LA Weekly remarked "De Niro isn't actually playing a part but riffing on his own legend", and thought the references to Taxi Driver were "cheap". Robert De Niro_sentence_255

Also in 2002, he collaborated with Michael Caton-Jones in City by the Sea, who had previously directed De Niro in This Boy's Life. Robert De Niro_sentence_256

Starring opposite Frances McDormand and James Franco, he portrayed another police detective in the drama. Robert De Niro_sentence_257

The film received mixed reviews and under-performed at the theaters. Robert De Niro_sentence_258

He appeared in Analyze That (2002), a sequel to 1999's Analyze This. Robert De Niro_sentence_259

Filming began in New York City, seven months after the September 11 attacks. Robert De Niro_sentence_260

De Niro insisted on filming there, stating "It's a New York story, a New York movie. Robert De Niro_sentence_261

We always intended to keep it there and I'm glad we were able to do it". Robert De Niro_sentence_262

Upon release, most critics thought the sequel was weak; CNN's Paul Clinton remarked "Unfortunately the result is just a bunch of one-liners strung together, of which some work and some don't. Robert De Niro_sentence_263

The actual story never gets off the ground". Robert De Niro_sentence_264

Despite these failures, De Niro served as a producer for the critically acclaimed romantic-comedy About a Boy (2002), and appeared in 9/11 (2002), a CBS documentary about the September 11 attacks, told from the New York City fire department's point of view. Robert De Niro_sentence_265

Several critics consider De Niro's career as having begun to slump in the early 2000s, with De Niro starring in roles that were less dramatic than those in the previous decade. Robert De Niro_sentence_266

He returned to the screen in 2004, playing a doctor in the fantasy drama Godsend. Robert De Niro_sentence_267

As of 2020, the film is De Niro's poorest-performing work; Rotten Tomatoes gave the film an approval rating of 4% based on 139 critic reviews. Robert De Niro_sentence_268

He voiced a character in DreamWorks' animation of Shark Tale (2004). Robert De Niro_sentence_269

Most critics were also unimpressed, but it was a high earner at the box office. Robert De Niro_sentence_270

After co-producing Stage Beauty (2004), De Niro reprised his role of Jack Byrnes in 2004's Meet the Fockers, the sequel to Meet the Parents. Robert De Niro_sentence_271

In a scathing review of De Niro, the critic from Slant Magazine wrote "In self-parody mode for the umpteenth time, De Niro mugs for the camera with a series of overblown grimaces and faux-menacing glares". Robert De Niro_sentence_272

The Bridge of San Luis Rey, was De Niro's last release of 2004, based on Thornton Wilder's novel of the same name. Robert De Niro_sentence_273

It was also critically panned. Robert De Niro_sentence_274

In 2005, De Niro starred in the horror Hide and Seek opposite Dakota Fanning, playing Dr. David Callaway who leaves the city with his traumatized daughter after the mother's suicide. Robert De Niro_sentence_275

Although the film was a financial success, some critics thought De Niro had been miscast, and queried his decision to star in a mediocre feature. Robert De Niro_sentence_276

In 2006, De Niro turned down a role in The Departed to direct his second film, the spy thriller The Good Shepherd, a fictional account about the growth of the CIA during its formative years. Robert De Niro_sentence_277

The film reunited him onscreen with Joe Pesci, co-star from Raging Bull, Goodfellas, A Bronx Tale, Casino, among others. Robert De Niro_sentence_278

Based on the screenplay by Eric Roth, the project was personal for De Niro, who was raised during the Cold War and fascinated by it. Robert De Niro_sentence_279

Despite starring some of Hollywood's leading actors; Matt Damon, Angelina Jolie and Alec Baldwin, the film garnered a mixed reception. Robert De Niro_sentence_280

Writing for The Sydney Morning Herald, Sandra Hall noted its slow pace, stating "There's a potentially fascinating slice of American history here, but De Niro has carved it up with an excruciatingly dull knife". Robert De Niro_sentence_281

The critic from USA Today found the plot initially hard to follow, but praises De Niro for "creating a stirring personal tale". Robert De Niro_sentence_282

The Good Shepherd was nominated for Best Art Direction at the 79th Academy Awards. Robert De Niro_sentence_283

Finally in 2006, he voiced the character Emperor Sifrat XVI in Arthur and the Invisibles. Robert De Niro_sentence_284

2007–2016: Further film roles Robert De Niro_section_7

His sole project in 2007 was Matthew Vaughn's Stardust, a fantasy adventure, based on Neil Gaiman's 1999 novel of the same name. Robert De Niro_sentence_285

He plays Captain Shakespeare, the leader of a ship. Robert De Niro_sentence_286

The film was generally well received, although one critic from New York magazine thought De Niro's performance was "god-awful – yet his gung-ho spirit wins him Brownie points". Robert De Niro_sentence_287

The following year, he starred in the police procedural thriller Righteous Kill opposite Al Pacino, both playing New York City detectives who investigate serial executions of criminals who escaped justice. Robert De Niro_sentence_288

The film's response was mainly disappointing; Peter Hartlaub of San Francisco Chronicle thought the story was unoriginal and De Niro lacked energy. Robert De Niro_sentence_289

The film grossed $78 million from a budget of $60 million. Robert De Niro_sentence_290

Next, he starred in What Just Happened (2008), a satirical comedy based on Art Linson's experiences as a producer in Hollywood. Robert De Niro_sentence_291

The film was screened at the 2008 Canne Film Festival as an out-of-competition entry. Robert De Niro_sentence_292

The Sydney Morning Herald opined that most reviewers gave the film a lukewarm reception because of the character he plays, which is "sympathetic" and quieter than his earlier roles. Robert De Niro_sentence_293

In 2009, he was cast as Frank Goode in the drama Everybody's Fine, a remake of Giuseppe Tornatore's Italian film of the same name. Robert De Niro_sentence_294

Although the film's response was equally mixed, The Guardian's critic praised De Niro for a "decent, watchable performance in a while". Robert De Niro_sentence_295

In 2010, he had a minor part as Senator John McLaughlin in the action film Machete. Robert De Niro_sentence_296

That same year, he starred in Stone opposite Milla Jovovich and Edward Norton, co-star from The Score. Robert De Niro_sentence_297

It is a crime drama where De Niro plays a manipulated parole officer. Robert De Niro_sentence_298

The film was met with a divided reception; Toronto Star's critic thought De Niro delivered a respectable performance due to Jovovich's support. Robert De Niro_sentence_299

Another critic, Jesse Cataldo from Slant Magazine noted the film's restraint and thought De Niro is repeating himself by playing the same basic characters. Robert De Niro_sentence_300

Next he starred in Little Fockers (2010), the third sequel to Meet the Parents and Meet the Fockers. Robert De Niro_sentence_301

Despite universally negative reviews from critics, the film was a box office success, grossing over $310 million worldwide. Robert De Niro_sentence_302

In one review, The Daily Telegraph wrote "Despite the farcical script, De Niro in particular has his paterfamilias character sensitively tuned". Robert De Niro_sentence_303

That year, De Niro was cast in Edge of Darkness, but he left the project citing creative differences. Robert De Niro_sentence_304

He was replaced by Ray Winstone. Robert De Niro_sentence_305

In 2011, De Niro starred in the Italian comedy Manuale d'amore 3. Robert De Niro_sentence_306

He also appeared in three other films: Killer Elite, Limitless, and New Year's Eve. Robert De Niro_sentence_307

Except for Limitless, which received an approval rating of 69% from Rotten Tomatoes, the other two films were met with mixed-to-negative reviews. Robert De Niro_sentence_308

De Niro was also appointed President of the Jury for the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, making it the second time he has served. Robert De Niro_sentence_309

Continuing into 2012, he starred in the drama Being Flynn, based on Another Bullshit Night in Suck City, a memoir by Nick Flynn. Robert De Niro_sentence_310

It was met with a mixed response; critic A. Robert De Niro_sentence_311 O. Scott complimented De Niro's ability for playing an estranged father (opposite Paul Dano), calling him "unpredictable and subtle", despite an uncertain plot. Robert De Niro_sentence_312

De Niro also appeared in the thrillers Red Lights and Freelancers (both 2012). Robert De Niro_sentence_313

He appeared in the romantic comedy Silver Linings Playbook (2012), as the father of Pat Solatano (Bradley Cooper), who is released from a psychiatric hospital and moves back in with his parents to rebuild his life. Robert De Niro_sentence_314

The film was a critical and commercial success; earning eight Academy Award nominations, including Best Supporting Actor for De Niro, and grossing $236 million worldwide. Robert De Niro_sentence_315

Critics lauded the entire cast; Variety magazine's Justin Chang noted De Niro's calm performance, writing "it’s hard to remember the last time De Niro was this effortlessly endearing and relaxed onscreen". Robert De Niro_sentence_316

In 2012, De Niro served as an executive producer for the television series NYC 22. Robert De Niro_sentence_317

Next, he was cast in 2013's The Big Wedding, Killing Season, and The Family; all three were met with mainly a negative response. Robert De Niro_sentence_318

His other 2013 release, Last Vegas, received some respectable reviews. Robert De Niro_sentence_319

Co-starring Michael Douglas, Morgan Freeman, Kevin Kline and Mary Steenburgen, the film is about three retirees who travel to Las Vegas to have a bachelor party for their last remaining single friend. Robert De Niro_sentence_320

In a harsh assessment of De Niro's performance, the A.V. Robert De Niro_sentence_321 Club's critic considered it "arguably the low point of De Niro’s career". Robert De Niro_sentence_322

Shortly afterwards, he starred in Grudge Match (2013) opposite Sylvester Stallone, as aging boxers stepping into the ring for one last match. Robert De Niro_sentence_323

They had previously worked together in 1997's Cop Land. Robert De Niro_sentence_324

Critics panned the film, which has a 31% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 140 reviews. Robert De Niro_sentence_325

In 2014, De Niro appeared in a documentary about his father, Robert De Niro, Sr., titled Remembering the Artist: Robert De Niro, Sr. which aired on HBO. Robert De Niro_sentence_326

He then starred in the crime thriller The Bag Man (2014), followed by Nancy Meyers' comedy The Intern in 2015. Robert De Niro_sentence_327

The latter fared better with critics; Mark Olsen of the Los Angeles Times cordially remarked "De Niro brings a fresh, relaxed lightness to his performance, tinged with the gruff charm of Spencer Tracy". Robert De Niro_sentence_328

Also in 2015, he appeared in two short films, Scorsese's The Audition and JR's Ellis. Robert De Niro_sentence_329

Returning to the heist genre, he starred in Heist, playing Francis "The Pope" Silva, a gangster casino owner who is targeted by criminals. Robert De Niro_sentence_330

The film was not a box office success. Robert De Niro_sentence_331

He starred in the biographical drama Joy (2015), opposite Jennifer Lawrence and Bradley Cooper, about an American inventor Joy Mangano; it gained generally mixed reviews. Robert De Niro_sentence_332

In 2016, he co-starred in Dirty Grandpa, playing a grandfather who goes to Florida during spring break with his grandson (Zac Efron). Robert De Niro_sentence_333

Upon release, the film received a polarized reception for its reputedly distasteful content, and appeared in several critics' lists of worst films of 2016. Robert De Niro_sentence_334

He also appeared in Hands of Stone (2016), a biographical sports drama about the career of Panamanian former professional boxer Roberto Durán. Robert De Niro_sentence_335

His last release of the year was The Comedian, which premiered at the AFI Fest, a film festival celebrating filmmakers' achievements. Robert De Niro_sentence_336

2017–present Robert De Niro_section_8

In 2017, De Niro starred as Bernie Madoff in Barry Levinson's HBO film The Wizard of Lies, a performance which earned him critical praise and a Primetime Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or Television Movie. Robert De Niro_sentence_337

In 2019, De Niro won acclaim for portraying Robert Mueller alongside Alec Baldwin's Donald Trump in various episodes of Saturday Night Live, earning him an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series. Robert De Niro_sentence_338

He received another Emmy nomination for his work as a producer on Ava DuVernay's acclaimed limited series When They See Us. Robert De Niro_sentence_339

In 2019, De Niro returned to the screen by playing talk show host Murray Franklin in Todd Phillips' Joker, a possible origin story for the Batman character The Joker (Joaquin Phoenix). Robert De Niro_sentence_340

The film was a commercial success, and earned eleven nominations at the Academy Awards. Robert De Niro_sentence_341

Also that year, De Niro reunited with Scorsese for The Irishman, based on the 2004 book I Heard You Paint Houses by Charles Brandt. Robert De Niro_sentence_342

It is their ninth feature film together and the first since 1995's Casino, and co-stars Al Pacino, Harvey Keitel, and Joe Pesci. Robert De Niro_sentence_343

The film received critical acclaim; Robbie Collin of The Daily Telegraph, praised De Niro's "sensational" performance and the chemistry between his co-stars, whom he has worked with in earlier films. Robert De Niro_sentence_344

Variety magazine's critic also noted the chemistry, calling him "superb", despite perceived weaknesses in the film's special effects. Robert De Niro_sentence_345

In 2020, Variety magazine confirmed that De Niro and Leonardo DiCaprio will star in Scorsese's upcoming film Killers of the Flower Moon based on the book of the same name. Robert De Niro_sentence_346

In April, it was reported that the film's budget of $200 million had prompted Scorsese to seek Netflix or Apple TV for potential production and distribution. Robert De Niro_sentence_347

In May, Apple TV was announced to co-finance and co-distribute the film, with Paramount still distributing. Robert De Niro_sentence_348

Recognition and legacy Robert De Niro_section_9

Several journalists consider De Niro to be among the best actors of his generation. Robert De Niro_sentence_349

A. Robert De Niro_sentence_350 O. Scott said that De Niro "was transforming himself – physically, vocally, psychologically – with each new role. Robert De Niro_sentence_351

And in the process, before our eyes, reinventing the art of acting." Robert De Niro_sentence_352

As early as 1977, Newsweek remarked that the actor "gives you the shock of becoming, of a metamorphosis that can be thrilling, moving, or frightening." Robert De Niro_sentence_353

Biographer Douglas Brode praises De Niro's versatility and ability to inhabit any role, although Pauline Kael once said in 1983 that she did not like how the actor was "disfiguring" himself in films such as Raging Bull. Robert De Niro_sentence_354

When asked why he undertook such roles, De Niro responded, "To totally submerge into another character and experience life through him, without having to risk the real-life consequences—well it's a cheap way to do doing things that you would never dare to do yourself." Robert De Niro_sentence_355

In 2009, he was announced as one of the Kennedy Center Honorees with the commemoration: "One of America's greatest cinematic actors, Robert De Niro has demonstrated a legendary commitment to his characters and has co-founded one of the world's major film festivals". Robert De Niro_sentence_356

Martin Scorsese and Meryl Streep honored him at the event. Robert De Niro_sentence_357

In 2016, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama. Robert De Niro_sentence_358

Obama said “Everybody on this stage has touched me in a very powerful, very personal way [...] These are folks who have helped make me who I am". Robert De Niro_sentence_359

White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest added, "There is no arguing that the individuals who will be honored today are richly deserving," he said. Robert De Niro_sentence_360

A number of De Niro's films have become classics of American cinema, with six of his films inducted into the U.S. Robert De Niro_sentence_361 National Film Registry as of 2020. Robert De Niro_sentence_362

Five of his films are featured on the American Film Institute's list of the 100 greatest American films of all time. Robert De Niro_sentence_363

De Niro and James Stewart share the title for the most films represented on the AFI list. Robert De Niro_sentence_364

Timeout magazine's list of 100 best movies included seven of De Niro's films, as chosen by actors in the industry. Robert De Niro_sentence_365

In 2006, De Niro donated his collection of film-related materials, such as scripts, wardrobe pieces and props, to the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin. Robert De Niro_sentence_366

The collection, which took more than two years to process and catalog, opened to the public in 2009. Robert De Niro_sentence_367

Fan song In 1984, the English girl group Bananarama's fan song "Robert De Niro's Waiting..." reached the third place of the UK Singles Chart, remaining on the charts for 12 weeks. Robert De Niro_sentence_368

Honors Robert De Niro_sentence_369

Business interests Robert De Niro_section_10

In 1989, De Niro and partner Jane Rosenthal co-founded the film production company TriBeCa Productions, which also organizes the Tribeca Film Festival. Robert De Niro_sentence_370

De Niro owns Tribeca Grill (co-owned with Broadway producer Stewart F. Lane), a New American restaurant located at 375 Greenwich Street (at Franklin Street) in Tribeca, Manhattan. Robert De Niro_sentence_371

It opened in 1990. Robert De Niro_sentence_372

He is also the owner of the Greenwich Hotel in Tribeca. Robert De Niro_sentence_373

De Niro co-owns Nobu restaurants and hotels with partners Meir Teper and Chef Nobu Matsuhisa. Robert De Niro_sentence_374

The first Nobu Hotel opened inside Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, in 2013. Robert De Niro_sentence_375

Two years later, the second Nobu Hotel opened at City of Dreams in Manila, Philippines. Robert De Niro_sentence_376

In 2015, De Niro partnered with James Packer after the billionaire acquired a 20 percent stake in Nobu for $100 million. Robert De Niro_sentence_377

He is a stakeholder in Paradise Found Nobu Resort, a company planning to build a luxury resort on the island of Barbuda. Robert De Niro_sentence_378

Politics Robert De Niro_section_11

In 1998, De Niro lobbied U.S. Robert De Niro_sentence_379 Congress against impeaching President Bill Clinton. Robert De Niro_sentence_380

While promoting the film The Good Shepherd in December 2006, De Niro appeared on the show Hardball with Chris Matthews, where he voiced support for two Democrats. Robert De Niro_sentence_381

"Well, I think of two people: Hillary Clinton and Obama". Robert De Niro_sentence_382

On February 4, 2008, De Niro supported Barack Obama at a rally at the Izod Center in New Jersey before Super Tuesday. Robert De Niro_sentence_383

De Niro is an outspoken critic of President Donald Trump. Robert De Niro_sentence_384

During the 2016 U.S. presidential election, De Niro called Trump "blatantly stupid" and said, "He wants to punch people in the face?! Robert De Niro_sentence_385

I'd like to punch him in the face." Robert De Niro_sentence_386

This was in reference to the similar desire Trump expressed towards protesters at one of his rallies. Robert De Niro_sentence_387

On June 10, 2018, while introducing Bruce Springsteen to the stage at the 72nd Tony Awards, De Niro denounced Trump by saying, "I'm gonna say one thing. Robert De Niro_sentence_388

Fuck Trump. Robert De Niro_sentence_389

It's no longer 'down with Trump'. Robert De Niro_sentence_390

It's 'fuck Trump'." Robert De Niro_sentence_391

De Niro opined that Trump is a racist, and admits that he was "naive" about Obama's presidency and race relations in America: "I felt we were on a new thing. Robert De Niro_sentence_392

I didn't realize how against him certain people were – racially against him, offended that he was there." Robert De Niro_sentence_393

In December 2019, De Niro clarified his views again on Trump and his family in an interview with The New York Times: "He is a person who, to me, has no morals, no ethics, no sense of right and wrong, is a dirty player. Robert De Niro_sentence_394

He has not one speck of redeemability in him. Robert De Niro_sentence_395

The president is supposed to set an example of trying to do the right thing. Robert De Niro_sentence_396

[...] There's not one thing that I see in him or his family, not any redeeming qualities. Robert De Niro_sentence_397

They're out on the take. Robert De Niro_sentence_398

It's like a gangster family." Robert De Niro_sentence_399

In 2020, he defended himself by saying, "As a citizen, I have as much right as anybody – an actor, an athlete, a musician, anybody else – to voice my opinion, if I have a bigger voice because of my situation, I am going to use it whenever I see a blatant abuse of power." Robert De Niro_sentence_400

De Niro endorsed Democrat Pete Buttigieg in the 2020 U.S presidential election, and then switched to Joe Biden after Buttigieg dropped out of the race. Robert De Niro_sentence_401

Personal life Robert De Niro_section_12

De Niro married actress Diahnne Abbott in 1976. Robert De Niro_sentence_402

They have a son, Raphael, a former actor who works in New York real estate. Robert De Niro_sentence_403

De Niro also adopted Abbott's daughter Drena De Niro from a previous relationship. Robert De Niro_sentence_404

He and Abbott divorced in 1988. Robert De Niro_sentence_405

Afterwards, he was in a relationship with model Toukie Smith between 1988 and 1996. Robert De Niro_sentence_406

De Niro has twin sons, Julian and Aaron, conceived by in vitro fertilization and delivered by a surrogate mother in 1995. Robert De Niro_sentence_407

In 1997, De Niro married actress Grace Hightower. Robert De Niro_sentence_408

Their son, Elliot, was born in 1998 and the couple split in 1999. Robert De Niro_sentence_409

The divorce was never finalized and in 2004 they renewed their vows. Robert De Niro_sentence_410

In December 2011, their daughter was born via surrogate. Robert De Niro_sentence_411

In 2014, he and Hightower moved into a 6,000-square-foot, five-bedroom apartment at 15 Central Park West. Robert De Niro_sentence_412

Four years later, it was reported De Niro and Hightower had separated after 20 years of marriage. Robert De Niro_sentence_413

De Niro has four grandchildren; his daughter Drena, has one, and his son Raphael, has three. Robert De Niro_sentence_414

De Niro is long-term resident of New York City, and has been investing in Manhattan's Tribeca neighborhood since 1989. Robert De Niro_sentence_415

He has properties on the east and west sides of Manhattan. Robert De Niro_sentence_416

He also has a 32-hectare (78-acre) estate in Gardiner, New York, which serves as his primary residence. Robert De Niro_sentence_417

In October 2003, De Niro was diagnosed with prostate cancer. Robert De Niro_sentence_418

He underwent surgery at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in December 2003. Robert De Niro_sentence_419

In 2006, De Niro received Italian citizenship, despite opposition by the Sons of Italy, who believe that De Niro damaged the public image of Italians by portraying criminals. Robert De Niro_sentence_420

In 2016, De Niro initially defended the inclusion of a controversial documentary, Vaxxed, at the 2016 Tribeca Film Festival. Robert De Niro_sentence_421

He explained that his interest in the film was from his personal experience with his autistic son, Elliot. Robert De Niro_sentence_422

The film was withdrawn from the schedule after consultation with the festival organizers and scientific community". Robert De Niro_sentence_423

In February 2017, De Niro took part in a joint presentation with Robert F. Kennedy Jr., chairman of the anti-vaccine non-profit Children's Health Defense, to discuss their concerns with vaccine safety. Robert De Niro_sentence_424

De Niro has stated that he is not anti-vaccination, but does question their efficacy. Robert De Niro_sentence_425

In 2012, De Niro joined the anti-fracking campaign Artists Against Fracking. Robert De Niro_sentence_426

In October 2018, De Niro was targeted by an explosive device which was sent by an unidentified suspect. Robert De Niro_sentence_427

The device was found at the Tribeca Grill, which also houses his production company in Manhattan. Robert De Niro_sentence_428

According to the FBI, similar devices were sent to other high profile politicians including Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, Joe Biden, Former Attorney General Eric Holder, and Former CIA Director John Brennan. Robert De Niro_sentence_429

Legal issues Robert De Niro_section_13

In February 1998, De Niro was held for questioning by French police in connection with an international prostitution ring. Robert De Niro_sentence_430

De Niro denied any involvement, and later filed a complaint against the examining magistrate for "violation of secrecy in an investigation". Robert De Niro_sentence_431

He stated he would not return to France, but has since traveled there several times including for the 2011 Cannes Film Festival. Robert De Niro_sentence_432

In 2006, the trust that owns De Niro's Gardiner estate sued the town to have its property tax assessment reduced, arguing that $6 million was too high and should be compared only with similar properties in Ulster County, where Gardiner is located. Robert De Niro_sentence_433

The town, which had been comparing its value to similar estates in Dutchess County, across the Hudson River, and Connecticut's Litchfield County, where many other affluent New York residents maintain estates on large properties, won in State Supreme Court. Robert De Niro_sentence_434

In 2014, the trust's lawyers appealed the decision and the town was unsure if it should continue to defend the suit because of financial limitations (it would have earned far less in payments on the increased taxes than it had spent on legal costs). Robert De Niro_sentence_435

This angered many residents, who initially sympathized with De Niro, and some proposed to raise money privately to help the town continue the suit. Robert De Niro_sentence_436

The dispute was publicized by The New York Times. Robert De Niro_sentence_437

"When he [De Niro] read about it on Election Day, he went bananas," due to the negative publicity, said Gardiner town councilman Warren Wiegand. Robert De Niro_sentence_438

He was unaware that a lawsuit was filed; the trust's accountants took responsibility citing fiduciary duty. Robert De Niro_sentence_439

Shortly afterwards, De Niro directed his lawyer, Tom Harvey, to withdraw the suit and reimburse the town's legal bills of $129,000. Robert De Niro_sentence_440

Harvey conveyed to Wiegand that "De Niro didn't want to screw the town". Robert De Niro_sentence_441

In August 2019, De Niro's company Canal Productions filed a $6 million lawsuit against former employee Graham Chase Robinson, for breaching her fiduciary duties and violating New York's faithless servant doctrine by misusing company funds and watching hours of Netflix during work hours. Robert De Niro_sentence_442

In October 2019, Robinson filed a lawsuit against De Niro, claiming harassment and gender discrimination. Robert De Niro_sentence_443

Filmography and awards Robert De Niro_section_14

Main articles: Robert De Niro filmography and List of awards and nominations received by Robert De Niro Robert De Niro_sentence_444

Prolific in film since the 1970s, De Niro's most critically acclaimed films, according to the review aggregate site Rotten Tomatoes, include Bang the Drum Slowly (1973), Mean Streets (1973), The Godfather Part II (1974), Taxi Driver (1976), The Deer Hunter (1978), Raging Bull (1980), The King of Comedy (1983), Once Upon a Time in America (1984), Brazil (1985), The Mission (1986), Midnight Run (1988), Goodfellas (1990), Casino (1995), Heat (1995), Silver Linings Playbook (2012), and The Irishman (2019). Robert De Niro_sentence_445

De Niro has been recognized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for the following performances: Robert De Niro_sentence_446

Robert De Niro_unordered_list_0

De Niro has won two Golden Globe Awards: Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama for Raging Bull and a Cecil B. DeMille Award for "outstanding contributions to the world of entertainment". Robert De Niro_sentence_447

He was also the 56th recipient of Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award; Leonardo DiCaprio, who co-starred with De Niro in This Boy's Life, presented him the award, citing him as an inspiration and influence. Robert De Niro_sentence_448

See also Robert De Niro_section_15

Robert De Niro_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: De Niro.