Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

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Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_table_infobox_0

Rock and Roll Hall of FameRock and Roll Hall of Fame_table_caption_0
EstablishedRock and Roll Hall of Fame_header_cell_0_0_0 April 20, 1983; 37 years ago (1983-04-20)
Dedicated September 1, 1995Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_cell_0_0_1
LocationRock and Roll Hall of Fame_header_cell_0_1_0 1100 Rock and Roll Boulevard

(East 9th Street at Lake Erie) Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. 44114Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_cell_0_1_1

CoordinatesRock and Roll Hall of Fame_header_cell_0_2_0 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_cell_0_2_1
VisitorsRock and Roll Hall of Fame_header_cell_0_3_0 543,000 (2016)Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_cell_0_3_1
PresidentRock and Roll Hall of Fame_header_cell_0_4_0 Greg HarrisRock and Roll Hall of Fame_cell_0_4_1
Public transit accessRock and Roll Hall of Fame_header_cell_0_5_0 GCRTA East 9th–North CoastRock and Roll Hall of Fame_cell_0_5_1
WebsiteRock and Roll Hall of Fame_header_cell_0_6_0 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_cell_0_6_1

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (RRHOF) is a museum and hall of fame located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States, on the shore of Lake Erie. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_0

The museum documents the history of rock music and the artists, producers, engineers, and other notable figures who have influenced its development. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_1

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation was established on April 20, 1983, by Ahmet Ertegun, founder and chairman of Atlantic Records. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_2

After a long search for the right city, Cleveland was chosen in 1986 as the Hall of Fame's permanent home. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_3

Architect I. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_4 M. Pei designed the new museum, and it was dedicated on September 1, 1995. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_5

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_0

The RRHOF Foundation was established in 1983 by Ahmet Ertegun, who assembled a team that included Rolling Stone publisher Jann S. Wenner, record executives Seymour Stein, Bob Krasnow, and Noreen Woods, and attorneys Allen Grubman and Suzan Evans. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_6

The Foundation began inducting artists in 1986, but the Hall of Fame still had no home. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_7

The search committee considered several cities, including Philadelphia (home of Bill Haley and American Bandstand), Memphis (home of Sun Studios and Stax Records), Detroit (home of Motown Records), Cincinnati (home of King Records), New York City, and Cleveland. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_8

Cleveland lobbied for the museum, with civic leaders in Cleveland pledging $65 million in public money to fund the construction, and citing that WJW disc jockey Alan Freed both coined the term "rock and roll" and heavily promoted the new genre—and that Cleveland was the location of Freed's Moondog Coronation Ball, often credited as the first major rock and roll concert. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_9

Freed was also a member of the hall of fame's inaugural class of inductees in 1986. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_10

In addition, Cleveland cited radio station WMMS, which played a key role in breaking several major acts in the U.S. during the 1970s and 1980s, including David Bowie, who began his first U.S. tour in the city, Bruce Springsteen, Roxy Music, and Rush among many others. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_11

Cleveland business leaders and media companies organized a petition demonstrating the city's support that was signed by 600,000 Northeast Ohio residents, and Cleveland ranked first in a 1986 USA Today poll asking where the Hall of Fame should be located. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_12

On May 5, 1986, the Hall of Fame Foundation chose Cleveland as the permanent home of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_13

Author Peter Guralnick said the hall should have been located in Memphis in a 2016 interview. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_14

Cleveland may also have been chosen as the organization's site because the city offered the best financial package. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_15

As The Plain Dealer music critic Michael Norman noted, "It was $65 million ... Cleveland wanted it here and put up the money." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_16

During early discussions on where to build the Hall of Fame and Museum, the Foundation's board considered a site along the Cuyahoga River in downtown Cleveland. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_17

Ultimately, the chosen location was along East Ninth Street in downtown by Lake Erie, east of Cleveland Stadium. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_18

At one point in the planning phase, when a financing gap existed, planners proposed locating the Rock Hall in the then-vacant May Company Building, but finally decided to commission architect I. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_19 M. Pei to design a new building. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_20

Initial CEO Dr. Larry R. Thompson facilitated I. M. Pei in designs for the site. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_21

Pei came up with the idea of a tower with a glass pyramid protruding from it. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_22

Pei initially planned the tower to be 200 feet (61 m) high, but was forced to reduce it to 162 feet (49 m) due to the structure's proximity to Burke Lakefront Airport. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_23

The building's base is approximately 150,000 square feet (14,000 m). Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_24

RRHOF and Museum building Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_1

The groundbreaking ceremony took place on June 7, 1993. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_25

Pete Townshend, Chuck Berry, Billy Joel, Sam Phillips, Ruth Brown, Sam Moore of Sam and Dave, Carl Gardner of the Coasters and Dave Pirner of Soul Asylum all appeared at the groundbreaking. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_26

The museum was dedicated on September 1, 1995, with the ribbon being cut by an ensemble that included Yoko Ono and Little Richard, among others, before a crowd of more than 10,000 people. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_27

The following night an all-star concert was held at Cleveland Stadium. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_28

It featured Chuck Berry, Bob Dylan, Al Green, Jerry Lee Lewis, Aretha Franklin, Bruce Springsteen, Iggy Pop, John Fogerty, John Mellencamp, and many others. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_29

In addition to the Hall of Fame inductees, the museum documents the entire history of rock and roll, regardless of induction status. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_30

Hall of Fame inductees are honored in a special exhibit located in a wing that juts out over Lake Erie. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_31

Since 1986, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame has selected new inductees. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_32

The formal induction ceremony has been held in New York City 26 times (1986–92, 1994–96, 1998–2008, 2010–11, 2014, 2016, 2017, and 2019); twice in Los Angeles (1993 and 2013); and five times in the hall of fame's home in Cleveland (1997, 2009, 2012, 2015, and 2018). Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_33

As of 2018, the induction ceremonies alternate each year between New York and Cleveland. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_34

The 2009 and 2012 induction weeks were made possible by a public–private partnership between the City of Cleveland, the State of Ohio, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and local foundations, corporations, civic organizations and individuals. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_35

Collectively these entities invested $5.8 million in 2009 and $7.9 million in 2012 to produce a week of events including free concerts, a gospel celebration, exhibition openings, free admission to the museum, and induction ceremonies at Public Hall. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_36

Millions viewed the television broadcast of the Cleveland inductions; tens of thousands traveled to Ohio during induction week to participate in the events. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_37

The economic impact of the 2009 induction week activities was more than $13 million, and it provided an additional $20 million in media exposure for the region. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_38

The 2012 induction week yielded similar results. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_39

Layout Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_2

The building contains seven levels. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_40

On the lower level is the Ahmet M. Ertegun Exhibition Hall, the museum's main gallery. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_41

It includes exhibits on the roots of rock and roll (gospel, blues, rhythm & blues and folk, country and bluegrass). Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_42

It also features exhibits on cities that have had a major impact on rock and roll: Memphis, Detroit, London, Liverpool, San Francisco, Los Angeles, New York, and Seattle. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_43

There are exhibits about soul music, the Fifties, Sun Records, hip hop music, Cleveland's rock and roll legacy, the music of the Midwest, rock and roll radio and dee-jays, and the many protests against rock and roll. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_44

This gallery also has exhibits that focus on individual artists, including the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix and others. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_45

Finally, the Ahmet M. Ertegun Exhibition Hall includes a theatre that features films on various subjects such as American Bandstand. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_46

The first floor of the museum is the entrance level. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_47

It includes a cafe, a stage that the museum uses for various special performances and events throughout the year, and a section called "Backstage Stories." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_48

The second floor includes several interactive kiosks that feature programs on one-hit wonders and the Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_49

This level also includes a gallery with artifact-filled exhibits about Les Paul, Alan Freed, Sam Phillips and the evolution of audio technology. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_50

Visitors enter the Hall of Fame section of the museum on the third floor. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_51

This section includes "The Power of Rock Experience," which includes one of Jonathan Demme's final works, a film shown in the Connor Theater. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_52

The film includes musical highlights from some of the Hall's induction ceremonies. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_53

Visitors exit the Hall of Fame section on the fourth floor. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_54

That level features the Foster Theater, a state-of-the-art 3-D theater that is used for special events and programs. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_55

Finally, the top two levels of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame feature large, temporary exhibits. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_56

Over the years, numerous exhibits have been installed on these two levels, including exhibits about Elvis Presley, hip-hop, the Supremes, the Who, U2, John Lennon, the Clash, the Grateful Dead, Bruce Springsteen, Women Who Rock, and the Rolling Stones. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_57

Cleveland area musicians/bands who have performed at the Hall of Fame include The Pretenders (with Chrissie Hynde from Akron) in 1995 at the Hall's opening (they performed "My City Was Gone"), James Gang (with Joe Walsh) in 2001, Foo Fighters (with Warren-native Dave Grohl) in 2001, Velvet Revolver (with one-time Cleveland resident Scott Weiland) in 2007, The Raspberries in 2009, Bobby Womack in 2009, and Machine Gun Kelly in 2014. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_58

Architecture Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_3

Designed by I. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_59 M. Pei and structurally engineered by Leslie E. Robertson Associates, the building rises above the shores of Lake Erie. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_60

It is a combination of geometric forms and cantilevered spaces that are anchored by a 162-foot tower. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_61

The tower supports a dual-triangular-shaped glass "tent" that extends (at its base) onto a 65,000-square-foot plaza that provides a main entry facade. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_62

The building houses more than 55,000 square feet of exhibition space, as well as administrative offices, a store, and a café. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_63

"In designing this building," Pei said, "it was my intention to echo the energy of rock and roll. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_64

I have consciously used an architectural vocabulary that is bold and new, and I hope the building will become a dramatic landmark for the city of Cleveland and for fans of rock and roll around the world." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_65

New York City Annex Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_4

In 2006 the RRHOF partnered with three entertainment production companies to create a branch museum in New York City. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_66

On November 18, 2008, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Annex NYC opened in Manhattan's SoHo district. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_67

Located at 76 Mercer Street just west of Broadway, the Annex occupied an underground space of 25,000 square feet (2,300 m). Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_68

The branch museum operated in much the same way as its Cleveland parent, featuring archetypal display pieces like Prince's coat from Purple Rain, David Byrne's "big suit" from Stop Making Sense, and Elvis Presley's motorcycle jacket and his Bible. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_69

But from its start the Annex also had a distinct New York area focus that made plenty of space for big items like the phone booth from CBGB, layered thick with band stickers over the decades; Bruce Springsteen's own 1957 Chevrolet; a special gallery reserved for the city's musicians; and an intricate 26-foot (7.9 m) scale model of Manhattan highlighting sites of rock history. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_70

Jann Wenner served as chairman of the board of the Annex. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_71

At its opening night gala, he inadvertently created a controversy after he told a reporter, "One of the small sad things is we didn't do it in New York in the first place." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_72

He later expressed regret for his remark which he said had been misconstrued, and clarified that "I am absolutely delighted that the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is in Cleveland." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_73

The Annex closed on January 3, 2010, its quick demise reportedly due to the global financial crisis of 2007–2008 and a subsequent downturn in the city's tourism. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_74

The museum closed with a final major exhibition on John Lennon and his years in New York City. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_75

Exhibit history Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_5

Since 1997, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame has featured numerous temporary exhibits that range in size from major exhibits that fill the top two floors of the museum to smaller exhibits that are often installed in the main exhibition hall on the lower level. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_76

The museum's first major exhibit opened on May 10, 1997. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_77

It was called I Want to Take You Higher: The Psychedelic Era, 1965–1969. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_78

It included memorabilia from numerous artists including John Lennon, Eric Clapton, John Sebastian, Jefferson Airplane, and Janis Joplin, as well as items related to the 1967 Monterey Pop Festival and 1969's Woodstock. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_79

That exhibit was followed by Elvis is in the Building, which ran from August 8, 1998, to September 5, 1999. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_80

This year-long tribute was the first exhibit devoted to a single artist, Elvis Presley—the "King of Rock and Roll" and the first inductee into the RRHOF, in 1986. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_81

Graceland supplied a significant selection of representative artifacts for this special tribute spanning Elvis' life and legendary career. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_82

Next, the museum curated Roots, Rhymes and Rage: The Hip-Hop Story. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_83

That was the first major museum exhibit to focus on hip-hop. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_84

It ran from November 11, 1999, to August 6, 2000. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_85

It was followed by Rock Style, an exhibit that focused on rock and roll and fashion. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_86

It featured clothing from Buddy Holly to Alice Cooper, from Ray Charles to David Bowie and from Smokey Robinson to Sly Stone. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_87

After it closed in Cleveland, Rock Style traveled to other museums in the U.S. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_88

Other temporary exhibits have included Lennon: His Life and Work, which ran from October 20, 2000, to January 1, 2003. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_89

It was followed by In the Name of Love: Two Decades of U2 and then Reflections: The Mary Wilson Supreme Legacy Collection. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_90

A major exhibition titled Louder than Words: Rock, Power, Politics was on display during the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_91

Other large temporary exhibits have focused on the Clash (Revolution Rock: The Story of the Clash), the Doors (Break on Through: The Lasting Legacy of the Doors), the Who's Tommy (Tommy: The Amazing Journey), and Bruce Springsteen (From Asbury Park to the Promised Land: The Life and Music of Bruce Springsteen). Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_92

Another thematic temporary exhibit focused on the role of women in rock and roll (Women Who Rock: Vision, Passion, Power). Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_93

Many of these exhibits travel to other museums after closing in Cleveland. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_94

A major temporary exhibit in 2017 told the story and impact of Rolling Stone magazine. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_95

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame also curates many smaller temporary exhibits. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_96

Over the years, these exhibits have focused on such topics as the Vans Warped Tour, the Concert for Bangladesh, Woodstock's 40th and 50th anniversaries, Austin City Limits, the Monterey International Pop Festival, Roy Orbison, Motown's 50th anniversary, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Marty Stuart, Paul Simon, Graham Nash, John Mellencamp, and Geddy Lee's basses. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_97

The museum also devotes exhibits to photography and artwork related to rock and roll. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_98

Among the photographers whose work has been featured at the Hall of Fame are George Kalinsky, Alfred Wertheimer, Tommy Edwards, Kevin Mazur, Janet Macoska, Lynn Goldsmith, Linda McCartney, Mike McCartney, Robert Alford, and George Shuba. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_99

The museum also featured the artwork of Philip Burke in one of its temporary exhibits, and a later exhibit featured Herb Ritts. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_100

Public programs Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_6

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum produces numerous public programs, including concerts, interviews, lectures, film screenings, and other events that help tell the story of rock and roll. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_101

Every February, the museum celebrates Black History Month by hosting concerts, film screenings and lectures that illustrate the important role African-Americans have played in the history of rock and roll. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_102

Since the program began in 1996, such artists as Robert Lockwood, Jr., the Temptations, Charles Brown, Ruth Brown, the Ohio Players, Lloyd Price, Little Anthony and the Imperials, and Al Green have appeared at the museum during Black History Month. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_103

Another program is the Hall of Fame Series. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_104

This series began in April 1996 and features interviews with Hall of Fame inductees in a rare and intimate settings, most often in the Museum's Foster Theater. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_105

The interviews are usually followed by a question-and-answer session with the audience and, often, a performance by the inductee. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_106

Among the inductees who have taken part in this series are Darryl "DMC" McDaniels of Run-D.M.C., Lloyd Price, Martha Reeves, Marky Ramone, Seymour Stein, Ray Manzarek of the Doors, Mary Wilson of the Supremes, Ronnie Spector, Bootsy Collins, Ann and Nancy Wilson of Heart, Dennis Edwards of the Temptations, and Jorma Kaukonen of the Jefferson Airplane. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_107

A similar program is the Legends Series. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_108

The only real difference between this program and the Hall of Fame Series is that it features artists who have not yet been inducted into the Hall of Fame. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_109

Peter Hook of Joy Division, Spinderella of Salt n Pepa, Tommy James, and the Chi-Lites are among the artists who have participated in the Legends Series. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_110

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum's most acclaimed program is the annual American Music Masters series. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_111

Each year the museum celebrates one of the Hall's inductees with a week-long series of programs that include interviews, film screenings, and, often, a special exhibit. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_112

The celebration ends with an all-star concert held at a Cleveland theater. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_113

The concerts include a diverse mix of artists, from Hall of Fame inductees to contemporary musicians. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_114

The American Music Masters series began in 1996 with Hard Travelin': The Life and Legacy of Pete Seeger. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_115

Since then, the programs have honored the following inductees: Jimmie Rodgers (1997), Robert Johnson (1998), Louis Jordan (1999), Muddy Waters (2000), Bessie Smith (2001), Hank Williams (2002), Buddy Holly (2003), Lead Belly (2004), Sam Cooke (2005), Roy Orbison (2006), Jerry Lee Lewis (2007), Les Paul (2008), Janis Joplin (2009), Fats Domino and Dave Bartholomew (2010), Aretha Franklin (2011), Chuck Berry (2012), The Everly Brothers (2014) and Johnny Cash (2017). Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_116

In 2019 the concert series' format was retooled and the event was renamed the Rock Hall Honors, in which the honored performer is joined in concert by guests of their choice. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_117

The first Rock Hall Honors concert, featuring Mavis Staples, was performed in Cleveland in September 2019. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_118

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame won the 2020 Webby People’s Voice Award for Cultural Institution in the category Web. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_119

Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_7

Hall of Fame museum curator James Henke, along with "the museum's curatorial staff and numerous rock critics and music experts", created an unordered list of "500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_120

The list is part of a permanent exhibit at the museum, and was envisioned as part of the museum from its opening in 1995. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_121

It contains songs recorded from the 1920s through the 1990s. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_122

The oldest song on the list is "Wabash Cannonball", written circa 1882 and credited to J. A. Roff. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_123

Since then, however, an additional 160 songs have been added, and the list is now simply referred to as "The Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_124

The most recent songs on the list are Gnarls Barkley's "Crazy" and My Chemical Romance's "Welcome to the Black Parade", both released in 2006. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_125

The Beatles and the Rolling Stones are the most represented on the 660-song list, with eight songs each. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_126

Artists with four or more songs Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_8

25th anniversary concert Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_9

Main article: 25th Anniversary Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Concerts Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_127

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame celebrated its 25th anniversary with a concert series over two days on October 29 and 30, 2009 at Madison Square Garden in New York. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_128

The celebration included performances by Jerry Lee Lewis, U2, Patti Smith, Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band, Simon & Garfunkel, Dion DiMucci, Metallica, James Taylor, Bonnie Raitt, Fergie, Mick Jagger, Lou Reed, Ray Davies, Ozzy Osbourne, Paul Simon, Jeff Beck, Buddy Guy, Aretha Franklin, Stevie Wonder, Sting, Little Anthony & the Imperials, and Crosby, Stills and Nash. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_129

The first night ran almost six hours with Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band closing the concert with special guests John Fogerty, Darlene Love, Tom Morello, Sam Moore, Jackson Browne, Peter Wolf, and Billy Joel. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_130

Inductees Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_10

See also: List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_131

Artists are inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at an annual induction ceremony. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_132

Over the years, the majority of the ceremonies have been held at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_133

However, on January 12, 1993, the ceremony was held in Los Angeles, and was held there again in 2013. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_134

On May 6, 1997, about a year and a half after the opening of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, the ceremony was held in Cleveland. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_135

It returned to Cleveland in 2009 and again in 2012. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_136

Current plans call for the ceremony to be in Cleveland every three years. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_137

Generally, the number of inductees ranges from about a half-dozen to a dozen. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_138

Virtually all living inductees have attended the ceremonies, and they are presented with their Hall of Fame award by an artist who was influenced by that inductee's music. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_139

Both the presenter and the inductee speak at the ceremonies, which also include numerous musical performances, by both the inductees and the presenters. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_140

The first group of inductees, inducted on January 23, 1986, included Elvis Presley, James Brown, Little Richard, Fats Domino, Ray Charles, Chuck Berry, Sam Cooke, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, and Jerry Lee Lewis. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_141

Robert Johnson, Jimmie Rodgers, and Jimmy Yancey were inducted as Early Influences, John Hammond received the Lifetime Achievement Award and Alan Freed and Sam Phillips were inducted as Non-Performers. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_142

Performers Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_11

A nominating committee composed of rock and roll historians selects names for the "Performers" category (singers, vocal groups, bands, and instrumentalists of all kinds), which are then voted on by roughly 500 experts across the world. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_143

Those selected to vote include academics, journalists, producers, and others with music industry experience. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_144

Artists become eligible for induction 25 years after the release of their first record. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_145

Criteria include the influence and significance of the artists' contributions to the development and perpetuation of rock and roll. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_146

Block approval voting is used, with those nominees who receive the most votes being inducted, subject to a minimum of 50% approval. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_147

Around five to seven performers are inducted each year. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_148

In 2012, six additional groups, the Miracles, the Famous Flames, the Comets, the Blue Caps, the Midnighters, and the Crickets, were inducted as performers by a special committee due to the controversial exclusions when their lead singer was inducted. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_149

"There was a lot of discussion about this," said Terry Stewart, a member of the nominating committee. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_150

"There had always been conversations about why the groups weren't included when the lead singers were inducted. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_151

Very honestly, nobody could really answer that question – it was so long ago ... We decided we'd sit down as an organization and look at that. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_152

This is the result." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_153

Early Influences Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_12

Early Influences includes artists from earlier eras, primarily country, folk, jazz, and blues, whose music inspired and influenced rock and roll artists. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_154

Other notable artists that have been inducted as Early Influences include Bill Kenny & The Ink Spots, country musicians Jimmie Rodgers and Hank Williams, blues musicians Howlin' Wolf and Muddy Waters, and jazz musicians Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_155

After Nat King Cole and Billie Holiday in 2000, no one was inducted in this category until 2009, when rockabilly singer Wanda Jackson was selected. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_156

Unlike earlier inductees in this category, Jackson's career almost entirely took place after the traditional 1955 start of the "rock era". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_157

Ahmet Ertegun Award for Lifetime Achievement Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_13

Formerly the "Non-Performers" award, this category encompasses those who primarily work behind the scenes in the music industry, including record label executives, songwriters, record producers, disc jockeys, concert promoters and music journalists. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_158

This category has had at least one inductee every year except 2007 and 2009. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_159

Following the death of the Hall of Fame's co-founder Ahmet Ertegun, this award was renamed in his honor in 2008. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_160

Award for Musical Excellence Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_14

Formerly the "Sidemen" award, this category was introduced in 2000 and honors veteran session and concert players who are selected by a committee composed primarily of producers. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_161

The category was dormant from 2004 through 2007 and re-activated in 2008. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_162

This honor was renamed the "Award for Musical Excellence" in 2010. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_163

According to Joel Peresman, the president of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation, "This award gives us flexibility to dive into some things and recognize some people who might not ordinarily get recognized." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_164

Library and archives Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_15

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum's Library and Archives is the world's most comprehensive repository of materials related to the history of rock and roll. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_165

The Library and Archives is located in a new building on the Metro Campus of Cuyahoga Community College in Cleveland's Campus District. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_166

The Library and Archives' mission is to collect, preserve and provide access to these materials. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_167

The Library and Archives operates on two levels: people may come into the library and read the books and magazines, listen to music and other recordings, and watch videos and films. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_168

More serious scholars, historians and journalists may also make an appointment for access to the archival collections under the supervision of the staff archivists. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_169

The library is composed of books, academic dissertations, and other references. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_170

It also includes popular magazines, scholarly journals and trade publications; commercial audio and video recordings, and research databases. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_171

The archival collections include music-business records from record executives, artist managers, labels, historic venues, recording studios, specialists in stage design and lighting, and long-running concert tours. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_172

The collections also contain important individual items, such as personal letters penned by Aretha Franklin and Madonna, handwritten working lyrics by Jimi Hendrix and LL Cool J, papers from music journalists such as Sue Cassidy Clark, and rare concert recordings from CBGB in the 1970s. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_173

Criticism Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_16

The most frequent criticism of the Hall of Fame is that the nomination process is controlled by a few individuals who are not themselves musicians, such as founders Jann Wenner and Suzan Evans, and writer Dave Marsh, reflecting their personal tastes rather than public opinion as a whole. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_174

A former member of the nominations board once commented that "At one point Suzan Evans lamented the choices being made because there weren't enough big names that would sell tickets to the dinner. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_175

That was quickly remedied by dropping one of the doo-wop groups being considered in favor of a 'name' artist ... Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_176

I saw how certain pioneering artists of the '50s and early '60s were shunned because there needed to be more name power on the list, resulting in '70s superstars getting in before the people who made it possible for them. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_177

Some of those pioneers still aren't in today." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_178

Sister Rosetta Tharpe is often considered "The Godmother/Grandmother of Rock & Roll", but was not chosen for induction until 2017. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_179

Velvet Underground drummer Maureen Tucker has dismissed the Hall of Fame as the "Hall of Lame". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_180

There was also criticism of the opacity in the selection process. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_181

Janet Morrissey of The New York Times wrote: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_182

Jon Landau, the chairman of the nominating committee, says they prefer it that way. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_183

"We've done a good job of keeping the proceedings nontransparent. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_184

It all dies in the room." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_185

According to Fox News, petitions with tens of thousands of signatures were also being ignored, and some groups that were signed with certain labels or companies or were affiliated with various committee members have even been put up for nomination with no discussion at all. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_186

The committee has also been accused of largely ignoring certain genres. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_187

According to author Brett Milano in 2007, "entire genres get passed over, particularly progressive rock, '60s Top 40, New Orleans funk and a whole lot of black music." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_188

Another criticism is that too many artists are inducted. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_189

In fifteen years, 97 different artists were inducted. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_190

A minimum of 50% of the vote is needed to be inducted, although the final percentages are not announced and a certain number of inductees (five in 2011) is set before the ballots are shipped. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_191

The committee usually nominates a small number of artists (12 in 2010) from an increasing number of different genres. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_192

Several voters, including Joel Selvin, himself a former member of the nominating committee, did not submit their ballots in 2007 because they did not feel that any of the candidates were truly worthy. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_193

Members of the British punk rock band The Sex Pistols, inducted in 2006, refused to attend the ceremony, calling the museum "a piss stain" and "urine in wine." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_194

In BBC Radio 6 Music's Annual John Peel Lecture in 2013, the singer Charlotte Church accused the museum of gender bias, stating, "Out of 295 acts and artists in the Rock n' Roll Hall of Fame, 259 are entirely male, meaning that Tina Weymouth's part in Talking Heads makes them one of the 36 female acts." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_195

In fact, the actual percentage of woman inductees is 8.5%. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_196

Combining all the categories, there have been 719 inductees, of which 61 have been women. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_197

2016 inductee Steve Miller directed a litany of complaints at the hall, both during his induction speech and, especially, in interviews after it. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_198

His criticisms included his opinions that there is a general lack of female inductees, that there is not enough support by the hall for music education, and that inductees are treated poorly at the award ceremony. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_199

In 2018, Bruce Dickinson of Iron Maiden criticized the Hall of Fame by calling it "an utter and complete load of bollocks ... run by a bunch of sanctimonious bloody Americans who wouldn’t know rock 'n' roll if it hit them in the face." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_200

Dickinson has also expressed an overall distaste for the Hall of Fame entity, arguing that "if you put [music] in a museum, then it's dead." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_201

Iron Maiden had been eligible for induction since 2004. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_202

Hard rock and heavy metal website Blabbermouth.net observed how it had taken Kiss 15 years to be inducted and Deep Purple 23 years. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_203

Regarding his band's non-induction into the Hall, Judas Priest bassist Ian Hill stated in a 2019 interview, "I don't think they like heavy metal music in general." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_204

In 2018, when British rock band Dire Straits were inducted, Grammy award winner and band leader Mark Knopfler did not attend the ceremony and offered no official explanation. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_205

Several people criticized the 2020 inductions because Dave Matthews Band were not part of the class, despite them topping the fan vote. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_206

Dave Clark Five Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_17

On March 14, 2007, two days after that year's induction ceremony, Roger Friedman of Fox News published an article claiming that the Dave Clark Five should have been the fifth inductee, as they had more votes than inductee Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_207

The article went on to say that Jann Wenner availed himself of a technicality on the day votes were due in. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_208

In reality, The Dave Clark Five got six more votes than Grandmaster Flash. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_209

But he felt "we couldn't go another year without a rap act." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_210

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation responded "There is a format and rules and procedure. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_211

There is a specific time when the votes have to be in, and then they are counted. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_212

The bands with the top five votes got in." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_213

The Dave Clark Five was subsequently nominated again and then inducted the following year. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_214

The Monkees Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_18

In June 2007, Monkee Peter Tork complained to the New York Post that Wenner had blackballed the Monkees, commenting: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_215

In a Facebook post, fellow Monkee Michael Nesmith stated that he did not know if the Monkees belonged in the Hall of Fame because he could only see the impact of the Monkees from the inside, and went on to say: "I can see the HOF (Hall of Fame) is a private enterprise. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_216

It seems to operate as a business, and the inductees are there by some action of the owners of the Enterprise. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_217

The inductees appear to be chosen at the owner's pleasure. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_218

This seems proper to me. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_219

It is their business in any case. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_220

It does not seem to me that the HOF carries a public mandate, nor should it be compelled to conform to one." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_221

Various magazines and news outlets, such as Time, NPR radio, The Christian Science Monitor, Goldmine magazine, Yahoo Music and MSNBC have argued that the Monkees belong in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_sentence_222

See also Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_section_19

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame_unordered_list_0


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.