Roman type

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In Latin script typography, roman is one of the three main kinds of historical type, alongside blackletter and italic. Roman type_sentence_0

Roman type was modelled from a European scribal manuscript style of the 15th century, based on the pairing of inscriptional capitals used in ancient Rome with Carolingian minuscules developed in the Holy Roman Empire. Roman type_sentence_1

During the early Renaissance, roman (in the form of Antiqua) and italic type were used separately. Roman type_sentence_2

Today, roman and italic type are mixed, and most typefaces are composed of an upright roman style with an associated italic or oblique style. Roman type_sentence_3

Early roman typefaces show a variety of designs, for instance resembling what would now be considered blackletter. Roman type_sentence_4

Printers and typefounders such as Nicolas Jenson and Aldus Manutius in Venice and later Robert Estienne in France codified the modern characteristics of Roman type, for instance an 'h' with a nearly straight right leg, serifs on the outside of the capital 'M' and 'N', and 'e' with level cross stroke, by the 1530s. Roman type_sentence_5

Popular roman typefaces include Bembo, Baskerville, Caslon, Jenson, Times New Roman and Garamond. Roman type_sentence_6

The name roman is customarily applied uncapitalized distinguishing early Italian typefaces of the Renaissance period and most subsequent upright types based on them, in contrast to Roman letters dating from classical antiquity. Roman type_sentence_7

See also Roman type_section_0

Roman type_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: type.