Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

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Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_table_infobox_0

Royal Swedish Academy of SciencesRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_table_caption_0
MottoRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_header_cell_0_0_0 För efterkommande

(For posterity)Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_cell_0_0_1

FormationRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_header_cell_0_1_0 2 June 1739Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_cell_0_1_1
HeadquartersRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_header_cell_0_2_0 Stockholm, SwedenRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_cell_0_2_1
MembershipRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_header_cell_0_3_0 470 Members

175 Foreign membersRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_cell_0_3_1

PresidentRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_header_cell_0_4_0 Dan LarhammarRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_cell_0_4_1
Secretary GeneralRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_header_cell_0_5_0 Göran K. HanssonRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_cell_0_5_1
WebsiteRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_header_cell_0_6_0 Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_cell_0_6_1

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (Swedish: Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien) is one of the royal academies of Sweden. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_0

Founded on June 2, 1739, it is an independent, non-governmental scientific organization which takes special responsibility for promoting the natural sciences and mathematics and strengthen their influence in society, whilst endeavouring to promote the exchange of ideas between various disciplines. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_1

The goals of the academy are: Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_2

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_unordered_list_0

  • to be a forum where researchers meet across subject boundaries,Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_0_0
  • to offer a unique environment for research,Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_0_1
  • to provide support to younger researchers,Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_0_2
  • to reward outstanding research efforts,Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_0_3
  • to communicate internationally among scientists,Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_0_4
  • to advance the case for science within society and to influence research policy prioritiesRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_0_5
  • to stimulate interest in mathematics and science in school, andRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_0_6
  • to disseminate and popularize scientific information in various forms.Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_0_7

Every year the academy awards the Nobel Prizes in physics and in chemistry, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, the Crafoord Prize, the Sjöberg Prize and several other awards. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_3

The Academy maintains close relations with foreign academies, learned societies and international scientific organizations and also promotes international scientific cooperation. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_4

The Academy of Sciences is located within the Stockholm region's Royal National City Park. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_5

Prizes Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_section_0

International prizes Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_section_1

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_unordered_list_1

National prizes Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_section_2

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_unordered_list_2

Members Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_section_3

The academy has elected about 1,700 Swedish and 1,200 foreign members since it was founded in 1739. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_6

Today the academy has about 470 Swedish and 175 foreign members which are divided into ten "classes", representing ten various scientific disciplines: Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_7

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_unordered_list_3

List of permanent secretaries Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_section_4

The following persons have served as permanent secretaries of the academy: Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_8

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_unordered_list_4

Publications Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_section_5

The transactions of the Academy (Vetenskapsakademiens handlingar) were published as its main series between 1739 and 1974. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_9

In parallel, other major series have appeared and gone: Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_10

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_unordered_list_5

  • Öfversigt af Kungl. Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar (1844–1903)Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_5_54
  • Bihang till Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar (1872–1902)Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_5_55
  • Vetenskapsakademiens årsbok (1903–1969)Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_5_56

The academy started publishing annual reports in physics and chemistry (1826), technology (1827), botany (1831), and zoology (1832). Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_11

These lasted into the 1860s, when they were replaced by the single Bihang series (meaning: supplement to the transactions). Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_12

Starting in 1887, this series was once again split into four sections (afdelning), which in 1903 became independent scientific journals of their own, titled "Arkiv för..." (archive for...), among them Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_13

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_unordered_list_6

Further restructuring of their topics occurred in 1949 and 1974. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_14

Other defunct journals of the Academy include: Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_15

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_unordered_list_7

  • Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence (1997–2001)Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_7_58

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_description_list_8

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_unordered_list_9

  • Ambio (1972-)Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_9_59
  • Acta Mathematica (1882-)Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_9_60
  • Arkiv för matematik (1949- with this title; 1903-1949 also including physics and astronomy)Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_9_61
  • Acta Zoologica (1920-)Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_9_62
  • Levnadsteckningar över Vetenskapsakademiens ledamöter (1869-), biographies of deceased membersRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_9_63
  • Porträttmatrikel (1971-), portraits of current membersRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_9_64
  • Zoologica Scripta (1972-), jointly with the Norwegian Academy of Science and LettersRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences_item_9_65

History Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_section_6

The academy was founded on 2 June 1739 by naturalist Carl Linnaeus, mercantilist Jonas Alströmer, mechanical engineer Mårten Triewald, civil servants Sten Carl Bielke and Carl Wilhelm Cederhielm, and statesman/author Anders Johan von Höpken. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_16

The purpose of the academy was to focus on practically useful knowledge, and to publish in Swedish in order to widely disseminate the academy's findings. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_17

The academy was intended to be different from the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala, which had been founded in 1719 and published in Latin. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_18

The location close to the commercial activities in Sweden's capital (which unlike Uppsala did not have a university at this time) was also intentional. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_19

The academy was modeled after the Royal Society of London and Academie Royale des Sciences in Paris, France, which some of the founding members were familiar with. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_sentence_20

See also Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_section_7

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences_unordered_list_10


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.