Rum-running

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"Rum Runner" redirects here. Rum-running_sentence_0

For other uses, see Rum Runner (disambiguation). Rum-running_sentence_1

Rum-running or bootlegging is the illegal business of transporting (smuggling) alcoholic beverages where such transportation is forbidden by law. Rum-running_sentence_2

Smuggling usually takes place to circumvent taxation or prohibition laws within a particular jurisdiction. Rum-running_sentence_3

The term rum-running is more commonly applied to smuggling over water; bootlegging is applied to smuggling over land. Rum-running_sentence_4

It is believed that the term bootlegging originated during the American Civil War, when soldiers would sneak liquor into army camps by concealing pint bottles within their boots or beneath their trouser legs. Rum-running_sentence_5

Also, according to the PBS documentary Prohibition, the term bootlegging was popularized when thousands of city dwellers sold liquor from flasks they kept in their boot legs all across major cities and rural areas. Rum-running_sentence_6

The term rum-running most likely originated at the start of Prohibition in the United States (1920–1933), when ships from Bimini in the western Bahamas transported cheap Caribbean rum to Florida speakeasies. Rum-running_sentence_7

But rum's cheapness made it a low-profit item for the rum-runners, and they soon moved on to smuggling Canadian whisky, French champagne, and English gin to major cities like New York City, Boston, and Chicago, where prices ran high. Rum-running_sentence_8

It was said that some ships carried $200,000 in contraband in a single run. Rum-running_sentence_9

History Rum-running_section_0

Alcohol smuggling today Rum-running_section_1

For multiple reasons (including the avoidance of taxes and minimum purchase prices), alcohol smuggling is still a worldwide concern. Rum-running_sentence_10

In the United States, the smuggling of alcohol did not end with the repeal of prohibition. Rum-running_sentence_11

In the Appalachian United States, for example, the demand for moonshine was at an all-time high in the 1920s, but an era of rampant bootlegging in dry areas continued into the 1970s. Rum-running_sentence_12

Although the well-known bootleggers of the day may no longer be in business, bootlegging still exists, even if on a smaller scale. Rum-running_sentence_13

The state of Virginia has reported that it loses up to $20 million a year from illegal whiskey smuggling. Rum-running_sentence_14

The Government of the United Kingdom fails to collect an estimated £900 million in taxes due to alcohol smuggling activities. Rum-running_sentence_15

Absinthe was smuggled into the United States until it was legalized in 2007. Rum-running_sentence_16

Cuban rum is also sometimes smuggled into the United States, circumventing the embargo in existence since 1960. Rum-running_sentence_17

See also Rum-running_section_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rum-running.