Sacramento, California

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"Sacramento" redirects here. Sacramento, California_sentence_0

For other uses, see Sacramento (disambiguation). Sacramento, California_sentence_1

"City of Sacramento" redirects here. Sacramento, California_sentence_2

For the former vessel, see SS Asbury Park. Sacramento, California_sentence_3

Sacramento, California_table_infobox_0

Sacramento, CaliforniaSacramento, California_header_cell_0_0_0
CountrySacramento, California_header_cell_0_1_0 United StatesSacramento, California_cell_0_1_1
StateSacramento, California_header_cell_0_2_0 CaliforniaSacramento, California_cell_0_2_1
CountySacramento, California_header_cell_0_3_0 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_0_3_1
RegionSacramento, California_header_cell_0_4_0 Sacramento ValleySacramento, California_cell_0_4_1
CSASacramento, California_header_cell_0_5_0 Sacramento-RosevilleSacramento, California_cell_0_5_1
MSASacramento, California_header_cell_0_6_0 Sacramento–Roseville–Arden-ArcadeSacramento, California_cell_0_6_1
IncorporatedSacramento, California_header_cell_0_7_0 February 27, 1850Sacramento, California_cell_0_7_1
CharteredSacramento, California_header_cell_0_8_0 1920Sacramento, California_cell_0_8_1
Named forSacramento, California_header_cell_0_9_0 Sacrament of the Holy EucharistSacramento, California_cell_0_9_1
GovernmentSacramento, California_header_cell_0_10_0
TypeSacramento, California_header_cell_0_11_0 City CouncilSacramento, California_cell_0_11_1
BodySacramento, California_header_cell_0_12_0 Sacramento City CouncilSacramento, California_cell_0_12_1
MayorSacramento, California_header_cell_0_13_0 Darrell Steinberg (D)Sacramento, California_cell_0_13_1
City CouncilSacramento, California_header_cell_0_14_0 Council MembersSacramento, California_cell_0_14_1
AreaSacramento, California_header_cell_0_15_0
CitySacramento, California_header_cell_0_16_0 99.77 sq mi (258.41 km)Sacramento, California_cell_0_16_1
LandSacramento, California_header_cell_0_17_0 97.68 sq mi (253.00 km)Sacramento, California_cell_0_17_1
WaterSacramento, California_header_cell_0_18_0 2.09 sq mi (5.41 km)  2.19%Sacramento, California_cell_0_18_1
ElevationSacramento, California_header_cell_0_19_0 30 ft (9 m)Sacramento, California_cell_0_19_1
Population (2010)Sacramento, California_header_cell_0_20_0
CitySacramento, California_header_cell_0_21_0 466,488Sacramento, California_cell_0_21_1
Estimate (2019)Sacramento, California_header_cell_0_22_0 513,624Sacramento, California_cell_0_22_1
RankSacramento, California_header_cell_0_23_0 1st in Sacramento County

6th in California 36th in the United StatesSacramento, California_cell_0_23_1

DensitySacramento, California_header_cell_0_24_0 5,258.02/sq mi (2,030.13/km)Sacramento, California_cell_0_24_1
UrbanSacramento, California_header_cell_0_25_0 1,723,634Sacramento, California_cell_0_25_1
MetroSacramento, California_header_cell_0_26_0 2,500,000Sacramento, California_cell_0_26_1
CSASacramento, California_header_cell_0_27_0 2,414,783Sacramento, California_cell_0_27_1
Demonym(s)Sacramento, California_header_cell_0_28_0 SacramentanSacramento, California_cell_0_28_1
Time zoneSacramento, California_header_cell_0_29_0 UTC−8 (PST)Sacramento, California_cell_0_29_1
Summer (DST)Sacramento, California_header_cell_0_30_0 UTC−7 (PDT)Sacramento, California_cell_0_30_1
ZIP codesSacramento, California_header_cell_0_31_0 942xx, 958xxSacramento, California_cell_0_31_1
Area codeSacramento, California_header_cell_0_32_0 916 and 279Sacramento, California_cell_0_32_1
FIPS codeSacramento, California_header_cell_0_33_0 Sacramento, California_cell_0_33_1
GNIS feature IDsSacramento, California_header_cell_0_34_0 ,Sacramento, California_cell_0_34_1
WebsiteSacramento, California_header_cell_0_35_0 Sacramento, California_cell_0_35_1

Sacramento (/ˌsækrəˈmɛntoʊ/ SAK-rə-MEN-toh; Spanish: [sakɾaˈmento, Spanish for sacrament) is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat and largest city of Sacramento County. Sacramento, California_sentence_4

Located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's estimated 2019 population of 513,625 makes it the sixth-largest city in California and the ninth-largest capital in the United States. Sacramento, California_sentence_5

Sacramento is the seat of the California Legislature and the Governor of California, making it the state's political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. Sacramento, California_sentence_6

Sacramento is also the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which at the 2010 census had a population of 2,414,783, making it the fifth-largest in California. Sacramento, California_sentence_7

Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area was inhabited by the Nisenan, Maidu and other indigenous peoples of California. Sacramento, California_sentence_8

Spanish cavalryman Gabriel Moraga surveyed and named the Rio del Santísimo Sacramento (Sacramento River) in 1808, after the Blessed Sacrament, referring to the Eucharist in the Catholic Church. Sacramento, California_sentence_9

In 1839, Juan Bautista Alvarado, Mexican governor of Alta California, granted the responsibility of colonizing the Sacramento Valley to Swiss-born Mexican citizen John Augustus Sutter, who subsequently established Sutter's Fort and the settlement at the Rancho Nueva Helvetia. Sacramento, California_sentence_10

Following the American Conquest of California and the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the waterfront developed by Sutter began to be developed, and incorporated in 1850 as the City of Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_11

As a result of. Sacramento, California_sentence_12

Sacramento is the fastest-growing major city in California, owing to its status as a notable financial center on the West Coast and as a major educational hub, home of California State University, Sacramento and University of California, Davis. Sacramento, California_sentence_13

Similarly, Sacramento is a major center for the California healthcare industry, as the seat of Sutter Health, the world-renowned UC Davis Medical Center, and the UC Davis School of Medicine, and notable tourist destination in California, as the site of the California Museum, the Crocker Art Museum, the California State Railroad Museum, the California Hall of Fame, the California State Capitol Museum, and the Old Sacramento State Historic Park. Sacramento, California_sentence_14

Sacramento International Airport, located northwest of the city, is the city's major airport. Sacramento, California_sentence_15

Sacramento is known for its evolving contemporary culture, dubbed the most "hipster city" in California. Sacramento, California_sentence_16

In 2002, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City". Sacramento, California_sentence_17

History Sacramento, California_section_0

Main articles: History of Sacramento, California and Timeline of Sacramento, California Sacramento, California_sentence_18

Pre-Columbian period Sacramento, California_section_1

Nisenan (Southern Maidu), Modoc, and Plains Miwok Native Americans had lived in the area for perhaps thousands of years. Sacramento, California_sentence_19

Unlike the settlers who would eventually make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans left little evidence of their existence. Sacramento, California_sentence_20

Traditionally, their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the plentiful oak trees in the region, and by fruits, bulbs, seeds, and roots gathered throughout the year. Sacramento, California_sentence_21

Spanish period Sacramento, California_section_2

In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga encountered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River. Sacramento, California_sentence_22

A Spanish writer with the Moraga expedition wrote: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Sacramento, California_sentence_23

Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths. Sacramento, California_sentence_24

The air was like champagne, and (the Spaniards) drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them. Sacramento, California_sentence_25

"¡Es como el sagrado sacramento! Sacramento, California_sentence_26

(It's like the Blessed Sacrament.)" Sacramento, California_sentence_27

The valley and the river were then christened after the "Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ", referring to the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist. Sacramento, California_sentence_28

Mexican period Sacramento, California_section_3

John Sutter Sr. first arrived in the area on August 13, 1839, at the divergence of the American and Sacramento Rivers with a Mexican land grant of 50,000 acres. Sacramento, California_sentence_29

The next year, his party and he established Sutter's Fort, a massive adobe structure with walls 18 feet high and three feet thick. Sacramento, California_sentence_30

Representing Mexico, Sutter Sr. called his colony New Helvetia, a Swiss-inspired name, and was the political authority and dispenser of justice in the new settlement. Sacramento, California_sentence_31

Soon, the colony began to grow as more and more pioneers headed west. Sacramento, California_sentence_32

Within just a few short years, Sutter Sr. had become a grand success, owning a 10-acre orchard and a herd of 13,000 cattle. Sacramento, California_sentence_33

Fort Sutter became a regular stop for the increasing number of immigrants coming through the valley. Sacramento, California_sentence_34

In 1847, Sutter Sr. received 2,000 fruit trees, which started the agriculture industry in the Sacramento Valley. Sacramento, California_sentence_35

Later that year, Sutter Sr. hired James Marshall to build a sawmill so he could continue to expand his empire, but unbeknownst to many, Sutter Sr.'s "empire" had been built on thin margins of credit. Sacramento, California_sentence_36

American period Sacramento, California_section_4

In 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma (some 50 mi (80.5 km) northeast of the fort), a large number of gold-seekers came to the area, increasing the population. Sacramento, California_sentence_37

In August 1848, Sutter Sr.'s son, John Sutter Jr., arrived in the area to assist his father in relieving his indebtedness. Sacramento, California_sentence_38

Now compounding the problem of his father's indebtedness, was the additional strain placed on the Sutters by the ongoing arrival of thousands of new gold miners and prospectors in the area, many quite content to squat on unwatched portions of the vast Sutter lands, or to abscond with various unattended Sutter properties or belongings if they could. Sacramento, California_sentence_39

In Sutter's case, rather than being a 'boon' for Sutter, his employee's discovery of gold in the area turned out to be more of a personal 'bane' for him. Sacramento, California_sentence_40

By December 1848, John Sutter Jr., in association with Sam Brannan, began laying out the City of Sacramento, 2 miles south of his father's settlement of New Helvetia. Sacramento, California_sentence_41

This venture was undertaken against the wishes of Sutter Sr., but the father, being deeply in debt, was in no position to stop the venture. Sacramento, California_sentence_42

For commercial reasons, the new city was named "Sacramento City" after the Sacramento River. Sacramento, California_sentence_43

Sutter Jr. and Brannon hired topographical engineer William H. Warner to draft the official layout of the city, which included 26 lettered and 31 numbered streets (today's grid from C St. to Broadway and from Front St. to Alhambra Blvd.). Sacramento, California_sentence_44

Unfortunately, a certain bitterness grew between the elder Sutter and his son as Sacramento became an overnight commercial success (Sutter's Fort, Mill, and the town of Sutterville, all founded by John Sutter Sr., would eventually fail). Sacramento, California_sentence_45

The citizens of Sacramento adopted a city charter in 1849, which was recognized by the state legislature in 1850. Sacramento, California_sentence_46

Sacramento is the oldest incorporated city in California, incorporated on February 27, 1850. Sacramento, California_sentence_47

During the early 1850s, the Sacramento valley was devastated by floods, fires and cholera epidemics. Sacramento, California_sentence_48

Despite this, because of its position just downstream from the Mother Lode in the Sierra Nevada, the new city grew, quickly reaching a population of 10,000. Sacramento, California_sentence_49

The California State Legislature, with the support of Governor John Bigler, moved to Sacramento in 1854. Sacramento, California_sentence_50

The capital of California under Spanish (and, subsequently, Mexican) rule had been Monterey, where, in 1849, the first Constitutional Convention and state elections were held. Sacramento, California_sentence_51

The convention decided San Jose would be the new state's capital. Sacramento, California_sentence_52

After 1850, when California's statehood was ratified, the legislature met in San Jose until 1851, Vallejo in 1852, and Benicia in 1853, before moving to Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_53

In the Sacramento Constitutional Convention of 1879, Sacramento was named to be the permanent state capital. Sacramento, California_sentence_54

Begun in 1860 to be reminiscent of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., the Classical Revival style California State Capitol was completed in 1874. Sacramento, California_sentence_55

In 1861, the legislative session was moved to the Merchants Exchange Building in San Francisco for one session because of massive flooding in Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_56

The legislative chambers were first occupied in 1869 while construction continued. Sacramento, California_sentence_57

From 1862 to 1868, part of the Leland Stanford Mansion was used for the governor's offices during Stanford's tenure as the Governor; and the legislature met in the Sacramento County Courthouse. Sacramento, California_sentence_58

With its new status and strategic location, Sacramento quickly prospered and became the western end of the Pony Express. Sacramento, California_sentence_59

Later it became a terminus of the First Transcontinental Railroad, which began construction in Sacramento in 1863 and was financed by "The Big Four"—Mark Hopkins, Charles Crocker, Collis P. Huntington, and Leland Stanford. Sacramento, California_sentence_60

Both the American and especially Sacramento rivers would be key elements in the economic success of the city. Sacramento, California_sentence_61

In fact, Sacramento effectively controlled commerce on these rivers, and public works projects were funded through taxes levied on goods unloaded from boats and loaded onto rail cars in the historic Sacramento Rail Yards. Sacramento, California_sentence_62

In 1850 and again in 1861, Sacramento citizens were faced with a completely flooded town. Sacramento, California_sentence_63

In 1861, Governor Leland Stanford, who was inaugurated in early January 1861, had to attend his inauguration in a rowboat, which was not too far from his house in town on N Street. Sacramento, California_sentence_64

The flood waters were so bad, the legend says, that when he returned to his house, he had to enter into it through the second floor window. Sacramento, California_sentence_65

From 1862 until the mid-1870s Sacramento raised the level of its downtown by building reinforced brick walls on its downtown streets, and filling the resulting street walls with dirt. Sacramento, California_sentence_66

Thus the previous first floors of buildings became the basements, with open space between the street and the building, previously the sidewalk, now at the basement level. Sacramento, California_sentence_67

Over the years, many of these underground spaces have been filled or destroyed by subsequent development. Sacramento, California_sentence_68

However, it is still possible to view portions of the "Sacramento Underground". Sacramento, California_sentence_69

During the 1850s the city was consolidated with the County of Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_70

Modern era Sacramento, California_section_5

See also: Urban redevelopment in Sacramento, California Sacramento, California_sentence_71

The city's current charter was adopted by voters in 1920. Sacramento, California_sentence_72

As a charter city, Sacramento is exempt from many laws and regulations passed by the state legislature. Sacramento, California_sentence_73

The city has expanded continuously over the years. Sacramento, California_sentence_74

The 1964 merger of the City of North Sacramento with Sacramento substantially increased its population, and large annexations of the Natomas area eventually led to significant population growth throughout the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. Sacramento, California_sentence_75

Sacramento County (along with a portion of adjacent Placer County) is served by a customer-owned electric utility, the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD). Sacramento, California_sentence_76

Sacramento voters approved the creation of SMUD in 1923. Sacramento, California_sentence_77

In April 1946, after 12 years of litigation, a judge ordered Pacific Gas & Electric to transfer title of Sacramento's electric distribution system to SMUD. Sacramento, California_sentence_78

Today SMUD is the sixth-largest public electric utility in the U.S., and is a leader for innovative programs and services, including the development of clean fuel resources, such as solar power. Sacramento, California_sentence_79

The year following the creation of SMUD, 1924, brought several events in Sacramento: Standard Oil executive Verne McGeorge established McGeorge School of Law, American department store Weinstock & Lubin opened a new store at 12th and K street, the US$2 million Senator Hotel was opened, Sacramento's drinking water became filtered and treated drinking water, and Sacramento boxer Georgie Lee fought Francisco Guilledo, a Filipino professional boxer known as Pancho Villa, at L Street Auditorium on March 21. Sacramento, California_sentence_80

Early in World War II, the Sacramento Assembly Center (also known as the Walerga Assembly Center) was established to house Japanese Americans forcibly "evacuated" from the West Coast under Executive Order 9066. Sacramento, California_sentence_81

The camp was one of fifteen temporary detention facilities where over 110,000 Japanese Americans, two-thirds of them U.S. citizens, were held while construction on the more permanent War Relocation Authority camps was completed. Sacramento, California_sentence_82

The assembly center was built on the site of a former migrant labor camp, and inmates began arriving from Sacramento and San Joaquin Counties on May 6, 1942. Sacramento, California_sentence_83

It closed after only 52 days, on June 26, and the population of 4,739 was transferred to the Tule Lake concentration camp. Sacramento, California_sentence_84

The site was then turned over to the Army Signal Corps and dedicated as Camp Kohler. Sacramento, California_sentence_85

After the war and the end of the incarceration program, returning Japanese Americans were often unable to find housing and so 234 families temporarily lived at the former assembly center. Sacramento, California_sentence_86

Camp Kohler was destroyed by a fire in December 1947, and the assembly center site is now part of the Foothill Farms-North Highlands subdivision. Sacramento, California_sentence_87

The Sacramento-Yolo Port District was created in 1947, and ground was broken on the Port of Sacramento in 1949. Sacramento, California_sentence_88

On June 29, 1963, with 5,000 spectators waiting to welcome her, the Motor Vessel Taipei Victory arrived. Sacramento, California_sentence_89

The Nationalist Chinese flagship docked at the Port of Sacramento, being first ocean-going vessel in Sacramento since the steamship Harpoon in 1934. Sacramento, California_sentence_90

In 1967, Ronald Reagan became the last Governor of California to live permanently in the city. Sacramento, California_sentence_91

The 1980s and 1990s saw the closure of several local military bases: McClellan Air Force Base, Mather Air Force Base, and Sacramento Army Depot. Sacramento, California_sentence_92

In 1980, there was another flood. Sacramento, California_sentence_93

In spite of military base closures and the decline of agricultural food processing, Sacramento has continued to experience population growth in recent years. Sacramento, California_sentence_94

Primary sources of population growth are an influx of residents from the nearby San Francisco Bay Area, as well as immigration from Asia and Latin America. Sacramento, California_sentence_95

In 1985, Hugh Scrutton, a 38-year-old Sacramento, California, computer store owner, was killed by a nail-and-splinter-loaded bomb placed in the parking lot of his store. Sacramento, California_sentence_96

In 1996, his death was attributed to the Unabomber, Theodore Kaczynski. Sacramento, California_sentence_97

After acquiring the majority stake in the Sacramento Kings, the team's new owner, Vivek Ranadivé with the help of the city, agreed to build a new Arena in the downtown area. Sacramento, California_sentence_98

With a final estimated cost of $558.2 million, Sacramento's Golden 1 Center opened on September 30, 2016. Sacramento, California_sentence_99

Geography Sacramento, California_section_6

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city covers 100.1 square miles (259 km), 97.81% of it land, and 2.19% of it water. Sacramento, California_sentence_100

Depth to groundwater is typically about 30 feet (9 m). Sacramento, California_sentence_101

Much of the land to the west of the city (in Yolo County) is permanently reserved for a vast flood control basin (the Yolo Bypass), due to the city's historical vulnerability to floods. Sacramento, California_sentence_102

As a result, the contiguous urban area sprawls only four miles (6 km) west of downtown (as West Sacramento, California) but 30 miles (48 km) northeast and east, into the Sierra Nevada foothills, and 10 miles (16 km) to the south into valley farmland. Sacramento, California_sentence_103

The city is at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River, and has a deep-water port connected to the San Francisco Bay by a channel through the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta. Sacramento, California_sentence_104

It is the shipping and rail center for the Sacramento Valley. Sacramento, California_sentence_105

Cityscape Sacramento, California_section_7

City neighborhoods Sacramento, California_section_8

The city groups most of its neighborhoods into four areas: Sacramento, California_sentence_106

Sacramento, California_unordered_list_0

Additional prominent regions and neighborhoods in the city include American River Parkway, Arden-Arcade, Arden Fair, Cal Expo, Capital Avenue, Coffing, College Glen, College Greens, Cordova, Creekside, East Fruitridge, Elder Creek, Elkhorn, Elvas, Erikson Industrial Park, Excelsior Sunrise, Foothill Farms, Franklin, Frates Ranch, Gateway Center, Gateway West, Glenwood Meadows, Hansen Park, Heritage Park, Johnson Business Park, Johnson Heights, Mayhew, Metro Center, Mills, Natomas Corporate Center, Natomas Creek, Natomas Crossing, Natomas Park, Newton Booth, Noralto, Northpointe, Norwood, Oak Knoll, Old North Sacramento, Parker Homes, Point West, Raley Industrial Park, Regency Park, Richardson Village, Richmond Grove, Rosemont, Sierra Oaks, Sports Complex, Strawberry Manor, Sundance Lake, Swanston Palms, Town and Country Village, Upper Land Park, Village 5, Village 7, Village 12, Village 14, Village Green, Walerga, Walsh Station, West Del Paso Heights, Westlake, Willowcreek, Wills Acres, Winn Park, Woodside and Youngs Heights. Sacramento, California_sentence_107

Climate Sacramento, California_section_9

Sacramento has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa), characterized by very hot, dry summers and mild to cool winters with occasional rainfall. Sacramento, California_sentence_108

The wet season is generally October through April, though there may be a day or two of light rainfall in June or September. Sacramento, California_sentence_109

The normal annual mean temperature is 61.0 °F (16.1 °C), with the monthly daily average temperature ranging from 46.4 °F (8.0 °C) in December to 75.5 °F (24.2 °C) in July. Sacramento, California_sentence_110

Summer heat is sometimes moderated by a sea breeze known as the "delta breeze" which comes through the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta from the San Francisco Bay, and temperatures cool down sharply at night. Sacramento, California_sentence_111

The foggiest months are December and January. Sacramento, California_sentence_112

Tule fog can be extremely dense, lowering visibility to less than 100 feet (30 m) and making driving conditions extremely hazardous. Sacramento, California_sentence_113

Chilling tule fog events have been known to last for several consecutive days or weeks. Sacramento, California_sentence_114

During Tule fog events, temperatures do not exceed 50 °F (10 °C). Sacramento, California_sentence_115

Snowfall is rare in Sacramento, which is only 25 ft (7.6 m) above sea level. Sacramento, California_sentence_116

In the downtown area, only three significant snow accumulations have occurred since 1900, the last one being in 1976. Sacramento, California_sentence_117

During especially cold winter and spring storms, intense showers do occasionally produce a significant amount of hail, which can create hazardous driving conditions. Sacramento, California_sentence_118

Snowfall in the city often melts upon ground contact, with traceable amounts occurring in some years. Sacramento, California_sentence_119

Significant annual snow accumulations occur in the foothills 40 mi (64 km) east of the city, which had brief and traceable amounts of snowfall in January 2002, December 2009, and February 2011. Sacramento, California_sentence_120

The greatest snowfall ever recorded in Sacramento was 3 inches (8 cm) on January 5, 1888. Sacramento, California_sentence_121

On average, there are 73 days where the high exceeds 90 °F (32 °C), and 14 days where the high exceeds 100 °F (38 °C); On the other extreme, there are 15 days where the temperature does not exceed 50 °F (10 °C), and 15 freezing nights per year. Sacramento, California_sentence_122

Official temperature extremes range from 18 °F (−8 °C) on December 22, 1990 to 115 °F (46 °C) on June 15, 1961; a station around 5 mi (8.0 km) east-southeast of the city dipped to 17 °F (−8 °C) on December 11, 1932. Sacramento, California_sentence_123

The average annual precipitation is 18.52 inches (470 mm). Sacramento, California_sentence_124

On average, precipitation falls on 60 days each year in Sacramento, and nearly all of this falls during the winter months. Sacramento, California_sentence_125

Average January rainfall is 3.67 in (93 mm), and measurable precipitation is rare during the summer months. Sacramento, California_sentence_126

In February 1992, Sacramento had 16 consecutive days of rain, resulting in an accumulation of 6.41 in (163 mm) for the period. Sacramento, California_sentence_127

On rare occasions, monsoonal moisture surges from the Desert Southwest can bring upper-level moisture to the Sacramento region, leading to increased summer cloudiness, humidity, and even light showers and thunderstorms. Sacramento, California_sentence_128

Monsoon clouds do occur, usually during late July through early September. Sacramento, California_sentence_129

Sacramento is the second most flood susceptible city in the United States after New Orleans. Sacramento, California_sentence_130

Sacramento has been noted as being the sunniest location on the planet for three months of the year, from July through September. Sacramento, California_sentence_131

It holds the distinction as the sunniest month, in terms of percent possible sunshine, of anywhere in the world; July in Sacramento averages 14 hours and 12 minutes of sunshine per day, amounting to approximately 100% of possible sunshine. Sacramento, California_sentence_132

Demographics Sacramento, California_section_10

In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City". Sacramento, California_sentence_133

The U.S. Census Bureau also groups Sacramento with other U.S. cities having a "high diversity" rating of the diversity index. Sacramento, California_sentence_134

Moreover, Sacramento is one of the most well-integrated U.S. cities, having a relatively high level of ethnic and racial heterogeneity within its neighborhoods. Sacramento, California_sentence_135

2010 census Sacramento, California_section_11

The 2010 United States Census reported Sacramento had a population of 466,488. Sacramento, California_sentence_136

The population density was 4,660.0 people per square mile (1,799.2/km). Sacramento, California_sentence_137

Sacramento, California_table_general_1

Racial compositionSacramento, California_header_cell_1_0_0 2010Sacramento, California_header_cell_1_0_1 1990Sacramento, California_header_cell_1_0_2 1970Sacramento, California_header_cell_1_0_3 1940Sacramento, California_header_cell_1_0_4
WhiteSacramento, California_cell_1_1_0 45.0%Sacramento, California_cell_1_1_1 60.1%Sacramento, California_cell_1_1_2 81.5%Sacramento, California_cell_1_1_3 94.2%Sacramento, California_cell_1_1_4
—Non-HispanicSacramento, California_cell_1_2_0 34.5%Sacramento, California_cell_1_2_1 53.4%Sacramento, California_cell_1_2_2 71.4%Sacramento, California_cell_1_2_3 n/aSacramento, California_cell_1_2_4
African AmericanSacramento, California_cell_1_3_0 14.6%Sacramento, California_cell_1_3_1 15.3%Sacramento, California_cell_1_3_2 10.7%Sacramento, California_cell_1_3_3 1.4%Sacramento, California_cell_1_3_4
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)Sacramento, California_cell_1_4_0 26.9%Sacramento, California_cell_1_4_1 16.2%Sacramento, California_cell_1_4_2 11.0%Sacramento, California_cell_1_4_3 n/aSacramento, California_cell_1_4_4
AsianSacramento, California_cell_1_5_0 18.3%Sacramento, California_cell_1_5_1 15.0%Sacramento, California_cell_1_5_2 6.5%Sacramento, California_cell_1_5_3 4.3%Sacramento, California_cell_1_5_4

The racial makeup of Sacramento was: Sacramento, California_sentence_138

Sacramento, California_unordered_list_1

  • 210,006 (45.0%) WhiteSacramento, California_item_1_4
  • 68,335 (14.6%) African AmericanSacramento, California_item_1_5
  • 85,503 (17.8%) Asian (4.2% Chinese, 3.3% Hmong, 2.8% Filipino, 1.6% Indian, 1.4% Vietnamese, 1.2% Laotian, 1.2% Japanese, 0.3% Pakistani, 0.3% Korean, 0.3% Thai, 0.2% Cambodian)Sacramento, California_item_1_6
  • 6,655 (1.4%) Pacific Islander (0.6% Fijian, 0.2% Tongan, 0.2% Samoan)Sacramento, California_item_1_7
  • 5,291 (1.1%) Native AmericanSacramento, California_item_1_8
  • 57,573 (12.3%) other racesSacramento, California_item_1_9
  • 33,125 (7.1%) from two or more races.Sacramento, California_item_1_10

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 125,276 persons (26.9%); 22.6% of Sacramento's population is of Mexican heritage, 0.7% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Salvadoran, 0.2% Guatemalan, and 0.2% Nicaraguan. Sacramento, California_sentence_139

Non-Hispanic Whites were 34.5% of the population in 2010, down from 71.4% in 1970. Sacramento, California_sentence_140

The Census reported 458,174 people (98.2% of the population) lived in households, 4,268 (0.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 4,046 (0.9%) were institutionalized. Sacramento, California_sentence_141

The recent housing crash has not impacted these numbers. Sacramento, California_sentence_142

There were 174,624 households, out of which 57,870 (33.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 65,556 (37.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 27,640 (15.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 10,534 (6.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. Sacramento, California_sentence_143

There were 13,234 (7.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 2,498 (1.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Sacramento, California_sentence_144

53,342 households (30.5%) were made up of individuals, and 14,926 (8.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Sacramento, California_sentence_145

The average household size was 2.62. Sacramento, California_sentence_146

There were 103,730 families (59.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.37. Sacramento, California_sentence_147

Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking seventh among major American cities, and third in California behind San Francisco and slightly behind Oakland, with roughly 10% of the city's total population identifying themselves as gay, lesbian, or bisexual. Sacramento, California_sentence_148

The age distribution of the city was follows: 116,121 people (24.9%) were under the age of 18, 52,438 people (11.2%) aged 18 to 24, 139,093 people (29.8%) aged 25 to 44, 109,416 people (23.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 49,420 people (10.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. Sacramento, California_sentence_149

The median age was 33.0 years. Sacramento, California_sentence_150

For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. Sacramento, California_sentence_151

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males. Sacramento, California_sentence_152

There were 190,911 housing units at an average density of 1,907.1 per square mile (736.3/km), of which 86,271 (49.4%) were owner-occupied, and 88,353 (50.6%) were occupied by renters. Sacramento, California_sentence_153

The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.3%. Sacramento, California_sentence_154

231,593 people (49.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 226,581 people (48.6%) lived in rental housing units. Sacramento, California_sentence_155

Economy Sacramento, California_section_12

The Sacramento metropolitan area is the fifth largest in California after the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the San Francisco Bay Area, the Inland Empire, and the San Diego metropolitan area, and is the 27th largest in the United States. Sacramento, California_sentence_156

Sutter Health, Blue Diamond Growers, Aerojet Rocketdyne, Teichert, and The McClatchy Company are among the companies based in Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_157

The Port of Sacramento has been plagued with operating losses in recent years and faces bankruptcy. Sacramento, California_sentence_158

This severe loss in business is due to the heavy competition from the Port of Stockton, which has a larger facility and a deeper channel. Sacramento, California_sentence_159

As of 2006, the city of West Sacramento took responsibility for the Port of Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_160

During the Vietnam War era, the Port of Sacramento was the major terminus in the supply route for all military parts, hardware and other cargo going to Southeast Asia. Sacramento, California_sentence_161

Top employers Sacramento, California_section_13

As of 2012, the top employers in the County of Sacramento were: Sacramento, California_sentence_162

Sacramento, California_table_general_2

#Sacramento, California_header_cell_2_0_0 EmployerSacramento, California_header_cell_2_0_1 EmployeesSacramento, California_header_cell_2_0_2
1Sacramento, California_cell_2_1_0 State of CaliforniaSacramento, California_cell_2_1_1 69,763Sacramento, California_cell_2_1_2
2Sacramento, California_cell_2_2_0 Sacramento CountySacramento, California_cell_2_2_1 11,450Sacramento, California_cell_2_2_2
3Sacramento, California_cell_2_3_0 UC Davis HealthSacramento, California_cell_2_3_1 7,725Sacramento, California_cell_2_3_2
4Sacramento, California_cell_2_4_0 Dignity Health/Catholic Healthcare WestSacramento, California_cell_2_4_1 7,069Sacramento, California_cell_2_4_2
5Sacramento, California_cell_2_5_0 IntelSacramento, California_cell_2_5_1 6,633Sacramento, California_cell_2_5_2
6Sacramento, California_cell_2_6_0 Kaiser PermanenteSacramento, California_cell_2_6_1 6,360Sacramento, California_cell_2_6_2
7Sacramento, California_cell_2_7_0 Sutter HealthSacramento, California_cell_2_7_1 5,765Sacramento, California_cell_2_7_2
8Sacramento, California_cell_2_8_0 Elk Grove Unified School DistrictSacramento, California_cell_2_8_1 5,021Sacramento, California_cell_2_8_2
9Sacramento, California_cell_2_9_0 Sacramento City Unified School DistrictSacramento, California_cell_2_9_1 5,000Sacramento, California_cell_2_9_2
10Sacramento, California_cell_2_10_0 San Juan Unified School DistrictSacramento, California_cell_2_10_1 4,700Sacramento, California_cell_2_10_2
11Sacramento, California_cell_2_11_0 City of SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_2_11_1 4,083Sacramento, California_cell_2_11_2

Culture Sacramento, California_section_14

Performing arts Sacramento, California_section_15

The Sacramento Ballet, Sacramento Philharmonic Orchestra and the Sacramento Opera perform at the Community Center Theater. Sacramento, California_sentence_163

There are several major theater venues in Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_164

The Sacramento Convention Center Complex governs both the Community Center Theatre and Memorial Auditorium. Sacramento, California_sentence_165

The H Street Theatre Complex consists of the Wells Fargo Pavilion, built in 2003 atop the old Music Circus tent foundations, the McClatchy Mainstage and the Pollock Stage, originally built as a television studio and renovated at the same time the Pavilion was built. Sacramento, California_sentence_166

These smaller venues seat 300 and 90, offering a more intimate presentation than the 2300-seat Pavilion. Sacramento, California_sentence_167

The newest venue in the city, the Sofia Tsakopoulos Center for the Arts, consists of the 365-seat Sutter Theatre for Children and the Mainstage, seating 250. Sacramento, California_sentence_168

Professional theatre is represented in Sacramento by a number of companies. Sacramento, California_sentence_169

Broadway Sacramento and its locally produced Summer stock theatre, Broadway at Music Circus, lures many directors, performers, and artists from New York and Los Angeles to work alongside a large local staff at the Wells Fargo Pavilion. Sacramento, California_sentence_170

During the fall, winter and spring seasons Broadway Sacramento brings bus and truck tours to the Community Center Theater. Sacramento, California_sentence_171

Resident at the H Street Theatre Complex for the remainder of the year (from September to May), the Sacramento Theatre Company prepares to celebrate its 75th season, beginning in the Fall of 2019. Sacramento, California_sentence_172

In addition to a traditional regional theatre fare of classical plays and musicals, the Sacramento Theatre Company has a large School of the Arts with a variety of opportunities for arts education. Sacramento, California_sentence_173

The B Street Theatre, having completed its 2018 move into the new Sofia Tsakopoulos Center for the Arts, continues its pursuit of producing smaller and more intimate professional works for families and children. Sacramento, California_sentence_174

Rounding out the professional companies is Capital Stage, which performed aboard the Delta King until the end of the 2010–2011 season and soon took up residence at its own venue along the J-Street corridor. Sacramento, California_sentence_175

The Sacramento area has one of the largest collection of community theatres in California. Sacramento, California_sentence_176

Some of these include the Thistle Dew Dessert Theatre and Playwrights Workshop, Davis Musical Theatre Co., El Dorado Musical Theatre, Runaway Stage Productions, River City Theatre Company, Flying Monkey Productions, The Actor's Theatre, KOLT Run Productions, Kookaburra Productions, Big Idea Theatre, Celebration Arts, Lambda Player, Light Opera Theatre of Sacramento, Synergy Stage and the historic Eagle Theatre. Sacramento, California_sentence_177

The Sacramento Shakespeare Festival provides entertainment under the stars every summer in William Land Park. Sacramento, California_sentence_178

Many of these theatres compete annually for the Elly Awards overseen by The Sacramento Area Regional Theatre Alliance or SARTA. Sacramento, California_sentence_179

Visual arts Sacramento, California_section_16

The Sacramento Metropolitan Arts Commission is an organization that was established as the Sacramento arts council in 1977 to provide several arts programs for the city. Sacramento, California_sentence_180

These include Art in Public Places, Arts Education, Grants and Cultural Programs, Poet Laureate Program, Arts Stabilization Programs and Other Resources and opportunities. Sacramento, California_sentence_181

Sacramento Second Saturday Art Walk is a program of local art galleries that stay open into the late evenings every second Saturday of each month, providing a unique experience for the local population as well as tourists to view original art and meet the artists themselves. Sacramento, California_sentence_182

Museums Sacramento, California_section_17

Sacramento has several major museums. Sacramento, California_sentence_183

The Crocker Art Museum is the oldest public art museum west of the Mississippi River. Sacramento, California_sentence_184

On July 26, 2007, the museum broke ground for an expansion that more than tripled the museum's floor space. Sacramento, California_sentence_185

The modern architecture is very different from the museum's original Victorian style building. Sacramento, California_sentence_186

Construction was completed in 2010. Sacramento, California_sentence_187

Also of interest is the Governor's Mansion State Historic Park, a large Victorian Mansion which was home to 13 of California's Governors, as well as the official residence for former governor Jerry Brown following renovations in 2015. Sacramento, California_sentence_188

The Leland Stanford Mansion State Historic Park, which was completely restored in 2006, serves as the State's official address for diplomatic and business receptions. Sacramento, California_sentence_189

Guided public tours are available. Sacramento, California_sentence_190

The California Museum for History, Women, and the Arts, home of the California Hall of Fame, is a cultural destination dedicated to telling the rich history of California and its unique influence on the world of ideas, innovation, art and culture. Sacramento, California_sentence_191

The museum educates tens of thousands of school children through inspiring programs, sharing with world visitors California's rich art, history and cultural legacy through dynamic exhibits, and serving as a public forum and international meeting place. Sacramento, California_sentence_192

The California State Railroad Museum in Old Sacramento has historical exhibits and live steam locomotives that patrons may ride. Sacramento, California_sentence_193

The California Automobile Museum, just south of Old Sacramento, is filled with automotive history and vehicles from 1880 to 2006 and is the oldest non-profit automotive museum in the West. Sacramento, California_sentence_194

The mission of it is to preserve, promote, and teach automotive culture and its influence on our lives—past, present and future. Sacramento, California_sentence_195

In addition, the Sacramento History Museum, in the heart of Old Sacramento, focuses on the history of Sacramento from the region's pre-Gold Rush history through the present day. Sacramento, California_sentence_196

There is a Museum Day held in Sacramento every year, when 26 museums in the greater Sacramento area offer free admission. Sacramento, California_sentence_197

The 2009 Sacramento Museum Day brought out more than 80,000 people, the largest number the event has gathered. Sacramento, California_sentence_198

Sacramento Museum Day is held every year on the first Saturday of February. Sacramento, California_sentence_199

Music Sacramento, California_section_18

Tower Records was started and based in Sacramento until its closing. Sacramento, California_sentence_200

Rappers C-Bo, Marvaless, Lunasicc, and more recently rappers like Mozzy and Chuuwee are among those native to the area. Sacramento, California_sentence_201

Classical music is widely available. Sacramento, California_sentence_202

The Sacramento Philharmonic Orchestra, the Sacramento Baroque Soloists, the Sacramento Choral Society & Orchestra, the Sacramento Youth Symphony, the Sacramento Master Singers, the Sacramento Children's Chorus, and the Camellia Symphony each present a full season of concerts. Sacramento, California_sentence_203

Each year, the city hosts the Sammies, the Sacramento Music Awards. Sacramento, California_sentence_204

Sacramento also has a reputation as a center for Dixieland jazz, because of the Sacramento Jazz Jubilee which is held every Memorial Day weekend. Sacramento, California_sentence_205

Events and performances are held in multiple locations throughout the city. Sacramento, California_sentence_206

Each year thousands of jazz fans from all over the world visit for this one weekend. Sacramento, California_sentence_207

A growing number of rock, hardcore and metal bands hail from the Sacramento area, including Tesla, AS IS, Deftones, Papa Roach, Will Haven, Trash Talk, Dance Gavin Dance, A Lot Like Birds, Far, CAKE, !!! Sacramento, California_sentence_208 , Oleander and Steel Breeze; plus some other famous musicians like record producer and recording artist Charlie Peacock, Duane Leinan, Bob Stubbs of Social Distortion and Craig Chaquico of Jefferson Starship. Sacramento, California_sentence_209

Along with these bands, the Aftershock Festival has been held at Discovery Park since 2012. Sacramento, California_sentence_210

Scottish pop band Middle of the Road sang kindly of Sacramento in their 1972 European hit song "Sacramento". Sacramento, California_sentence_211

Experimental groups such as Hella, Death Grips, and Tera Melos also come out of Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_212

Film Sacramento, California_section_19

Sacramento is home to the Sacramento French Film Festival, a cultural event held every year in July that features U.S. premieres of French films and classic masterpieces of French cinema and the Sacramento Japanese Film Festival, also held in July. Sacramento, California_sentence_213

In addition, Sacramento is home to the Trash Film Orgy, a summer film festival celebrating the absurd, B-movies, horror, monster, exploitation. Sacramento, California_sentence_214

Founded in 2007, the Sacramento Horror Film Festival showcases feature-length and short films as well as live musical and theatrical performances in the horror and macabre genres. Sacramento, California_sentence_215

Of note, Sacramento has been home to various actors, including Eddie Murphy, who resided in the Riverlake community of Pocket-Greenhaven with his then wife Nicole Mitchell Murphy, a fashion model and Sacramento native. Sacramento, California_sentence_216

It is also the home of director Greta Gerwig, whose solo directorial debut Lady Bird is set in Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_217

Cuisine Sacramento, California_section_20

In 2012, Sacramento started the marketing campaign as "America's Farm-to-Fork Capital" due to Sacramento's many restaurants that source their food from the numerous surrounding farms. Sacramento, California_sentence_218

The city has an annual Farm-to-Fork festival that showcases various grocers and growers in the industry. Sacramento, California_sentence_219

In 2012, The Kitchen was nominated for Outstanding Restaurant by the James Beard Foundation. Sacramento, California_sentence_220

It continues to excel, earning the AAA's Five Diamond dining award since 2011. Sacramento, California_sentence_221

Sacramento is home to well-known cookbook authors, Biba Caggiano of Biba's Restaurant and Mai Pham of Lemongrass and Star Ginger. Sacramento, California_sentence_222

Sacramento is also known for its beverage culture, with keystone events that include Cal Expo's Grape and Gourmet, Sacramento Beer Week, and Sacramento Cocktail Week. Sacramento, California_sentence_223

Its growing beer scene is evident, with over 60 microbreweries in the region as of 2017. Sacramento, California_sentence_224

Some local brews include Track 7 Brewing Company, Big Stump Brew Co, Oak Park Brewing Co., and Sactown Union Brewery. Sacramento, California_sentence_225

Numerous beer festivals around the region highlight both local and visitor beers. Sacramento, California_sentence_226

In addition to festivals in Elk Grove, Davis, Roseville, Placerville, and Woodland, Sacramento hosts the annual California Beer Craft Summit, an exposition dedicated to the art of brewing. Sacramento, California_sentence_227

The summit also hosts the largest beer festival on the West Coast, featuring over 160 breweries in downtown Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_228

Sacramento's contemporary culture is reflected in its coffee. Sacramento, California_sentence_229

An "underrated coffee city", Sacramento has above-average marks for local coffee. Sacramento, California_sentence_230

The city has numerous community roasters and coffee shops. Sacramento, California_sentence_231

Examples include Temple Coffee, Insight Coffee Roasters, Old Soul Co., Chocolate Fish Roasters, Naked Lounge, Pachamama Roasting Co., and Identity Coffees. Sacramento, California_sentence_232

In addition to local brands, the region offers other chains such as Starbucks, Peet's Coffee & Tea, and Philz Coffee. Sacramento, California_sentence_233

LGBTQ Sacramento, California_section_21

Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking seventh among major American cities, and third in California behind San Francisco and slightly behind Oakland, with roughly 10 % of the city's total population identifying themselves as gay, lesbian, transgender, or bisexual. Sacramento, California_sentence_234

Lavender Heights is the hub for LGBTQ activities in the city and is a centrally located district in Midtown Sacramento centered within and around K & 20th streets. Sacramento, California_sentence_235

The area owes its name to the high number of gay-owned homes and businesses residing there. Sacramento, California_sentence_236

The area is also home to many of the city's LGBTQ inclusive music and arts festivals, including the Second Saturday Block Party from May to September. Sacramento, California_sentence_237

Old Sacramento Sacramento, California_section_22

Main article: Old Sacramento State Historic Park Sacramento, California_sentence_238

The oldest part of the town besides Sutter's Fort is Old Sacramento, which consists of cobbled streets and many historic buildings, several from the 1850s and 1860s. Sacramento, California_sentence_239

Buildings have been preserved, restored or reconstructed, and the district is now a substantial tourist attraction, with rides on steam-powered historic trains and horse-drawn carriages. Sacramento, California_sentence_240

The historic buildings include the Lady Adams Building, built by the passengers and ship's carpenters of the ship Lady Adams. Sacramento, California_sentence_241

Having survived the Great Conflagration of November 1852, it is the oldest surviving building in Sacramento other than Sutter's Fort. Sacramento, California_sentence_242

Another surviving landmark is the B.F. Hastings building, built in 1853. Sacramento, California_sentence_243

Early home of the California Supreme Court and the location of the office of Theodore Judah, it also was the western terminus of the Pony Express. Sacramento, California_sentence_244

The "Big Four Building", built in 1852, was home to the offices of Collis Huntington, Mark Hopkins, Leland Stanford, and Charles Crocker. Sacramento, California_sentence_245

The Central Pacific Railroad and Southern Pacific Railroad were founded there. Sacramento, California_sentence_246

The original building was destroyed in 1963 for the construction of Interstate 5, but was re-created using original elements in 1965. Sacramento, California_sentence_247

It is now a National Historic Landmark. Sacramento, California_sentence_248

Also of historic interest is the Eagle Theatre (Sacramento, California), a reconstruction of California's first permanent theatre in its original location. Sacramento, California_sentence_249

Chinatown Sacramento, California_section_23

The Opium Wars of the 1840s and 1850s, along with the Gold Rush, brought many Chinese to California. Sacramento, California_sentence_250

Most arrived at San Francisco, which was then the largest city in California and known as "Dà Bù" (Chinese: 大埠; Jyutping: daai fau). Sacramento, California_sentence_251

Some eventually came to Sacramento, then the second-largest city in California and consequently called "Yee Fow" (Chinese: 二埠; Jyutping: ji fau). Sacramento, California_sentence_252

Today the city is known as "萨克拉门托" (pinyin: Sàkèlāméntuō) by Mainland Chinese and as "沙加緬度" (pinyin: Shājiāmiǎnduó) by Taiwanese. Sacramento, California_sentence_253

Sacramento's Chinatown was on "I" Street from Second to Sixth Streets. Sacramento, California_sentence_254

At the time, this area of "I" Street was considered a health hazard because, lying within a levee zone, it was lower than other parts of the city, which were situated on higher land. Sacramento, California_sentence_255

Throughout Sacramento's Chinatown history, there were fires, acts of discrimination, and prejudicial legislation such as the Chinese Exclusion Act that was not repealed until 1943. Sacramento, California_sentence_256

The mysterious fires were thought to be set off by those who did not take a liking to the Chinese working class. Sacramento, California_sentence_257

Ordinances on what was viable building material were set into place to try to get the Chinese to move out. Sacramento, California_sentence_258

Newspapers such as The Sacramento Union wrote stories at the time that portrayed the Chinese in an unfavorable light to inspire ethnic discrimination and drive the Chinese away. Sacramento, California_sentence_259

As the years passed, a railroad was created over parts of the Chinatown, and further policies and laws would make it even harder for Chinese workers to sustain a living in Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_260

While most of Sacramento's Chinatown has now been razed, a small Chinatown mall remains as well as a museum dedicated to the history of Sacramento's Chinatown and the contributions Chinese Americans have made to the city. Sacramento, California_sentence_261

Amtrak sits along what was part of Sacramento's Chinatown "I" Street. Sacramento, California_sentence_262

Sports Sacramento, California_section_24

Main article: Sports in Sacramento, California Sacramento, California_sentence_263

Sacramento is home to one major league sports team – the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association. Sacramento, California_sentence_264

The Kings came to Sacramento from Kansas City in 1985. Sacramento, California_sentence_265

On January 21, 2013, a controlling interest of the Sacramento Kings was sold to hedge fund manager Chris Hansen, who intended to move the franchise to Seattle for the 2013–2014 NBA season and rename the team the Seattle SuperSonics. Sacramento, California_sentence_266

Sacramento Mayor Kevin Johnson fought the move, forming an ownership group led by Vivek Ranadive to keep the Kings in Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_267

On May 16, 2013, the NBA Board of Governors voted 22–8 to keep the Kings in Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_268

Sacramento has two other professional teams. Sacramento, California_sentence_269

Sacramento Republic FC began play in April 2014 at Hughes Stadium before a sellout crowd of 20,231, setting a USL Pro regular-season single game attendance record. Sacramento, California_sentence_270

They now play in Papa Murphy's Park. Sacramento, California_sentence_271

Republic FC won the USL championship in their first season. Sacramento, California_sentence_272

In October 2019, Republic FC's Major League Soccer expansion bid was approved; the team is expected to begin MLS play in the 2022 season. Sacramento, California_sentence_273

In 2000, AAA minor league baseball returned to Sacramento with the Sacramento River Cats, an affiliate of the San Francisco Giants and formerly an affiliate of the Oakland Athletics. Sacramento, California_sentence_274

The River Cats play at Sutter Health Park, in West Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_275

Sacramento is the former home of two professional basketball teams. Sacramento, California_sentence_276

The Sacramento Heatwave of the American Basketball Association previously played in the Sacramento area until 2013. Sacramento, California_sentence_277

Sacramento was also formerly home to the now defunct Sacramento Monarchs of the WNBA. Sacramento, California_sentence_278

The Monarchs were one of the eight founding members of the WNBA in 1997 and won the WNBA Championship in 2005, but folded in November 2009. Sacramento, California_sentence_279

Sacramento, California_table_general_3

Sacramento professional teams (ranked by attendance)Sacramento, California_table_caption_3
ClubSacramento, California_header_cell_3_0_0 LeagueSacramento, California_header_cell_3_0_1 SportSacramento, California_header_cell_3_0_2 VenueSacramento, California_header_cell_3_0_3 AttendanceSacramento, California_header_cell_3_0_4 EstablishedSacramento, California_header_cell_3_0_5 ChampionshipsSacramento, California_header_cell_3_0_6
Sacramento KingsSacramento, California_header_cell_3_1_0 NBASacramento, California_cell_3_1_1 BasketballSacramento, California_cell_3_1_2 Golden 1 CenterSacramento, California_cell_3_1_3 18,500Sacramento, California_cell_3_1_4 1923 (1985)Sacramento, California_cell_3_1_5 1 NBA, 2 NBL (as Rochester Royals)Sacramento, California_cell_3_1_6
Sacramento Republic FCSacramento, California_header_cell_3_2_0 USLC (United States soccer league system)
MLS (2022)Sacramento, California_cell_3_2_1
SoccerSacramento, California_cell_3_2_2 Papa Murphy's ParkSacramento, California_cell_3_2_3 11,800Sacramento, California_cell_3_2_4 2012Sacramento, California_cell_3_2_5 1 USL ProSacramento, California_cell_3_2_6
Sacramento River CatsSacramento, California_header_cell_3_3_0 PCL (AAA)Sacramento, California_cell_3_3_1 BaseballSacramento, California_cell_3_3_2 Sutter Health ParkSacramento, California_cell_3_3_3 14,200Sacramento, California_cell_3_3_4 1978 (2000)Sacramento, California_cell_3_3_5 3 Triple-A titles, 5 League titlesSacramento, California_cell_3_3_6

Sacramento has frequently hosted the NCAA Men's Outdoor Track and Field Championship as well as the 1st and 2nd rounds of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship. Sacramento, California_sentence_280

The California International Marathon (est. 1983) attracts a field of international elite runners who vie for a share of the $50,000 prize purse. Sacramento, California_sentence_281

The fast course is popular for runners seeking to achieve a Boston Marathon qualifying time and fitness runners. Sacramento, California_sentence_282

Parks and recreation Sacramento, California_section_25

Sacramento boasts an extensive park system consisting of over 5,000 acres (2,023 ha) of parkland and recreation centers. Sacramento, California_sentence_283

The city features a collection of smaller parks in the Downtown districts, including Crocker Park, Pioneer Landing and Southside Park. Sacramento, California_sentence_284

Popular parks outside the central core include American River Parkway which spans 23 miles along the American River, and William Land Park. Sacramento, California_sentence_285

In its 2013 ParkScore ranking, The Trust for Public Land reported Sacramento was tied with San Francisco and Boston for having the 3rd best park system among the 50 most populous U.S. cities. Sacramento, California_sentence_286

ParkScore ranks city park systems by a formula that analyzes the city's median park size, park acres as percent of city area, the percent of residents within a half-mile of a park, spending of park services per resident, and the number of playgrounds per 10,000 residents. Sacramento, California_sentence_287

Sacramento is a hotbed for high school rugby. Sacramento, California_sentence_288

Jesuit High is the recent defending national champion (winning five times in total). Sacramento, California_sentence_289

Their arch-rival school Christian Brothers came in second nationwide. Sacramento, California_sentence_290

Burbank, Del Campo and Vacaville have also placed well in the national competition over the years. Sacramento, California_sentence_291

The Sacramento Valley High School Rugby Conference hosts the largest and arguably deepest preseason youth and high school rugby tournament in America. Sacramento, California_sentence_292

Sacramento hosts some recreational facilities and events. Sacramento, California_sentence_293

The Jedediah Smith Memorial Trail that runs between Old Sacramento and Folsom Lake grants access to the American River Parkway, a natural area that includes more than 5,000 acres (20 km) of undeveloped land. Sacramento, California_sentence_294

It attracts cyclists and equestrians from across the state. Sacramento, California_sentence_295

The California State Fair is held in Sacramento each year at the end of the summer, ending on Labor Day. Sacramento, California_sentence_296

In 2010, the State Fair moved to July. Sacramento, California_sentence_297

More than one million people attended this fair in 2001. Sacramento, California_sentence_298

Among other recreational options in Sacramento is Discovery Park, a 275-acre (1.1 km) park studded with stands of mature trees and grasslands. Sacramento, California_sentence_299

This park is situated where the American River flows into the Sacramento River. Sacramento, California_sentence_300

In amateur sports, Sacramento claims many prominent Olympians such as Mark Spitz, Debbie Meyer (6 time gold medalist in for US swimming), Mike Burton, Summer Sanders (Gold medalist in swimming, and trained in childhood by Debbie Meyer at Rio Del Oro Racquet Club), Jeff Float (all swimming), and Billy Mills (track). Sacramento, California_sentence_301

Coach Sherm Chavoor founded his world-famous Arden Hills Swim Club just east of the city and trained Burton, Spitz and others. Sacramento, California_sentence_302

Government Sacramento, California_section_26

Main article: Government of Sacramento, California Sacramento, California_sentence_303

The Government of Sacramento operates as a charter city (as opposed to a general law city) under the Charter of the City of Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_304

The elected government is composed of the Sacramento City Council with 8 city council districts and the Mayor of Sacramento, which operate under a mayor-council government In addition, there are numerous departments and appointed officers such as the City Manager, Sacramento Police Department (SPD), the Sacramento Fire Department (SFD), City Clerk, City Attorney, and City Treasurer. Sacramento, California_sentence_305

As of 2016, the mayor is Darrell Steinberg and the council members are Angelique Ashby, Allen Warren, Jeff Harris, Steve Hansen, Jay Schenirer, Rich Jennings, and Larry Carr. Sacramento, California_sentence_306

The City of Sacramento is part of Sacramento County, for which the government of Sacramento County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law, and the Charter of the County of Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_307

As the capital city of California, Sacramento is home to the Government of California, as the seat of the Governor of California, the California Assembly, and one of the three homes of the California Supreme Court, as well as the numerous California state agencies. Sacramento, California_sentence_308

State and Federal representation Sacramento, California_section_27

In the California State Senate, Sacramento is the heart of the 6th district, represented by Democrat Richard Pan. Sacramento, California_sentence_309

In the California State Assembly, it is split between the 7th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Kevin McCarty, and the 9th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Cooper. Sacramento, California_sentence_310

In the United States House of Representatives, Sacramento forms the majority of the California's 6th congressional district, represented by Democrat Doris Matsui. Sacramento, California_sentence_311

Political history Sacramento, California_section_28

Sacramento has been carried by the Democrats in each of the last four presidential elections, with the last three Democratic campaigns each exceeding 70% of the vote. Sacramento, California_sentence_312

Education Sacramento, California_section_29

Higher education Sacramento, California_section_30

See also: California State University, Sacramento; University of California, Davis; and University of the Pacific (United States) Sacramento, California_sentence_313

The Sacramento area hosts a wide variety of higher educational opportunities. Sacramento, California_sentence_314

There are two major public universities, many private institutions, community colleges, vocational schools, and McGeorge School of Law. Sacramento, California_sentence_315

Sacramento is home to Sacramento State (California State University, Sacramento), founded as Sacramento State College in 1947. Sacramento, California_sentence_316

In 2004, enrollment was 22,555 undergraduates and 5,417 graduate students in the university's eight colleges. Sacramento, California_sentence_317

The university's mascot is the hornet, and the school colors are green and gold. Sacramento, California_sentence_318

The 300 acres (1.2 km) campus is along the American River Parkway a few miles east of downtown. Sacramento, California_sentence_319

The University of California has a campus, UC Davis, in nearby Davis and has a graduate center in downtown Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_320

The UC Davis Graduate School of Management (GSM) is near the UC Davis Medical Center off of Stockton Boulevard near Highway 50. Sacramento, California_sentence_321

Many students, about 400 out of 517, at the UC Davis GSM are working professionals and are completing their MBA part-time. Sacramento, California_sentence_322

The part-time program is ranked in the top-20 and is well known for its small class size, world class faculty, and involvement in the business community. Sacramento, California_sentence_323

UC also maintains the University of California Sacramento Center (UCCS) for undergraduate and graduate studies. Sacramento, California_sentence_324

Similar to the UC's Washington, D.C., program, "Scholar Interns" engage in both academic studies and as well as internships, often with the state government. Sacramento, California_sentence_325

The UC Davis School of Medicine is at the UC Davis Medical Center between the neighborhoods of Elmhurst, Tahoe Park, and Oak Park. Sacramento, California_sentence_326

The Los Rios Community College District consists of several two-year colleges in the Sacramento area—American River College, Cosumnes River College, Sacramento City College, Folsom Lake College, plus a large number of outreach centers for those colleges. Sacramento, California_sentence_327

Sierra College is on the outskirts of Sacramento in Rocklin. Sacramento, California_sentence_328

University of the Pacific has its Sacramento Campus in the Oak Park neighborhood of Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_329

The campus has long included McGeorge School of Law and in 2015 was expanded to become a comprehensive graduate and professional campus, including programs in analytics, business, education, health sciences, and public policy. Sacramento, California_sentence_330

The National University Sacramento regional campus offers bachelor's and master's degrees in business, education, health-care and teaching credential programs. Sacramento, California_sentence_331

The University of San Francisco has one of its four regional campuses in Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_332

At the undergraduate level they offer degrees in Applied Economics, Information Systems, Organizational Behavior and Leadership, and Public Administration. Sacramento, California_sentence_333

At the graduate level, Master's programs are offered in: Information Security and Assurance, Information Systems, Organization Development, Project Management, Public Administration, Nonprofit Administration, and Counseling. Sacramento, California_sentence_334

The private University of Southern California has an extension in downtown Sacramento, called the State Capital Center. Sacramento, California_sentence_335

The campus, taught by main campus professors, Sacramento-based professors, and practitioners in the State Capitol and state agencies, offers Master of Public Administration, Masters of Public Policy, and Master of Public Health degrees. Sacramento, California_sentence_336

Epic Bible College and the Professional School of Psychology are also based in Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_337

Western Seminary has one of its four campuses in Sacramento, which opened on the campus of Arcade Church in 1991. Sacramento, California_sentence_338

Western is an evangelical, Christian graduate school that provides theological training for students who hope to serve in a variety of ministry roles including pastors, marriage and family therapists, educators, missionaries and lay leadership. Sacramento, California_sentence_339

The Sacramento campus offers four master's degrees, and a variety of other graduate-level programs. Sacramento, California_sentence_340

A satellite campus of Alliant International University offers graduate and undergraduate programs of study. Sacramento, California_sentence_341

The Art Institute of California – Sacramento was established in 2007, and is a branch of The Art Institute of California – Los Angeles. Sacramento, California_sentence_342

The school is focused on educating students in the field of commercial arts. Sacramento, California_sentence_343

The school offers both a Bachelor of Science and an Associate of Science degree, as well as diplomas in some areas of study. Sacramento, California_sentence_344

Some majors the school offers are Digital Film-making & Video Production, Culinary Management, Graphic Design, and Game Art & Design. Sacramento, California_sentence_345

On J Street, there is the Lincoln Law School of Sacramento, a private, evening-only law school program with a strong legal presence in the region. Sacramento, California_sentence_346

The Universal Technical Institute (UTI) is in Sacramento; it offers automotive programs in auto mechanical, auto body, and diesel. Sacramento, California_sentence_347

Primary and secondary education Sacramento, California_section_31

The Sacramento Public Library system has 28 branches in the greater area. Sacramento, California_sentence_348

The Sacramento area is served by various public school districts, including the Sacramento City Unified School District, Natomas Unified School District, San Juan Unified School District, Twin Rivers Unified School District, and Elk Grove Unified School District. Sacramento, California_sentence_349

As of 2009, the area's schools employed 9,600 elementary school teachers (not including special education teachers), and 7,410 middle school teachers (not including special education or vocational teachers). Sacramento, California_sentence_350

Almost all areas south of the American River are served by the Sacramento City Unified School District. Sacramento, California_sentence_351

The only exceptions are the Valley Hi/North Laguna and Florin areas served by the Elk Grove Unified School District. Sacramento, California_sentence_352

Areas north of the American River are served by the remaining school districts. Sacramento, California_sentence_353

This area was not originally part of the City of Sacramento and as such is not served by Sacramento City Unified School District. Sacramento, California_sentence_354

North Sacramento outside of Natomas and Robla (for K-8) is served by the Twin Rivers Unified School District. Sacramento, California_sentence_355

The Robla area is served by the Robla School District for K-8 and by Twin Rivers for 9–12. Sacramento, California_sentence_356

The Natomas region is served by the Natomas Unified School District. Sacramento, California_sentence_357

The Campus Commons area and the small portions of the Sierra Oaks neighborhood that fall into the city of Sacramento are served by the San Juan Unified School District. Sacramento, California_sentence_358

While Roman Catholic institutions still dominate the independent school scene in the Sacramento area, in 1964, Sacramento Country Day School opened and offered Sacramento citizens an independent school affiliated with the California Association of Independent Schools. Sacramento, California_sentence_359

SCDS has grown to its present-day status as a learning community for students from pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Sacramento, California_sentence_360

Additionally, the suburb of Fair Oaks hosts the expansive riverside campus of the Sacramento Waldorf School, a Steiner school adjacent to the Rudolf Steiner College, and the largest Waldorf school in North America. Sacramento, California_sentence_361

Sacramento Waldorf School educates students from pre-K through 12th grade on a secluded, pastoral site that incorporates a large, functioning biodynamic farm. Sacramento, California_sentence_362

Shalom School is the only Jewish day school in Sacramento; however, Brookefield School on property owned by Congregation B'nai Israel provides extracurricular Jewish education. Sacramento, California_sentence_363

Capital Christian School is a pre-school–12th grade private, Christian school. Sacramento, California_sentence_364

There is a small Bible college on campus offering associate degrees in Bible studies or theology. Sacramento, California_sentence_365

Sacramento Adventist Academy is another Christian school in Greater Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_366

This is a pre-school–12 institution, as well. Sacramento, California_sentence_367

There is one Islamic school in Sacramento, Masjid Annur, founded in 1988. Sacramento, California_sentence_368

Media Sacramento, California_section_32

Magazines Sacramento, California_section_33

Sacramento, California_unordered_list_2

Newspapers Sacramento, California_section_34

Sacramento, California_description_list_3

Sacramento, California_unordered_list_4

  • The Sacramento Bee, the primary newspaper, was founded in 1857 by James McClatchy. The Sacramento Bee is the flagship paper of The McClatchy Company, the second-largest newspaper publisher in the United States. The Sacramento Bee has won five Pulitzer Prizes in its history and numerous other awards, including many for its progressive public service campaigns promoting free speech (the Bee often criticized government policy, and uncovered many scandals hurting Californians), anti-racism (the Bee supported the Union during the American Civil War and later publicly denounced the Ku Klux Klan), worker's rights (the Bee has a strong history of supporting unionization), and environmental protection (leading numerous tree-planting campaigns and fighting against environmental destruction in the Sierra Nevada).Sacramento, California_item_4_15
  • The Sacramento Union, the Sacramento Bee's rival, started publishing six years earlier in 1851; it closed its doors in 1994, with a revival attempt lasting from 2005 to 2009. Writer and journalist Mark Twain wrote for the Union in 1866.Sacramento, California_item_4_16

Sacramento, California_description_list_5

Sacramento, California_unordered_list_6

Radio Sacramento, California_section_35

Radio stations serving Sacramento include: Sacramento, California_sentence_369

Sacramento, California_table_general_4

StationSacramento, California_header_cell_4_0_0 FrequencySacramento, California_header_cell_4_0_1 FormatSacramento, California_header_cell_4_0_2 City of LicenseSacramento, California_header_cell_4_0_3 OwnerSacramento, California_header_cell_4_0_4
KBEBSacramento, California_cell_4_1_0 92.5 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_1_1 Soft Adult ContemporarySacramento, California_cell_4_1_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_1_3 iHeartMediaSacramento, California_cell_4_1_4
KCCLSacramento, California_cell_4_2_0 101.5 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_2_1 Classic hitsSacramento, California_cell_4_2_2 WoodlandSacramento, California_cell_4_2_3 Results RadioSacramento, California_cell_4_2_4
KDEESacramento, California_cell_4_3_0 97.5 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_3_1 Community RadioSacramento, California_cell_4_3_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_3_3 California Black Chamber of CommerceSacramento, California_cell_4_3_4
KFBKSacramento, California_cell_4_4_0 1530 AMSacramento, California_cell_4_4_1 News/TalkSacramento, California_cell_4_4_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_4_3 iHeartMediaSacramento, California_cell_4_4_4
KHHMSacramento, California_cell_4_5_0 103.5 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_5_1 SpanishSacramento, California_cell_4_5_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_5_3 Entravision CommunicationsSacramento, California_cell_4_5_4
KHTKSacramento, California_cell_4_6_0 1140 AMSacramento, California_cell_4_6_1 SportsSacramento, California_cell_4_6_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_6_3 Bonneville InternationalSacramento, California_cell_4_6_4
KHYLSacramento, California_cell_4_7_0 101.1 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_7_1 Classic hip hopSacramento, California_cell_4_7_2 AuburnSacramento, California_cell_4_7_3 iHeartMediaSacramento, California_cell_4_7_4
KIFMSacramento, California_cell_4_8_0 1320 AMSacramento, California_cell_4_8_1 SportsSacramento, California_cell_4_8_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_8_3 EntercomSacramento, California_cell_4_8_4
KKDOSacramento, California_cell_4_9_0 94.7 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_9_1 Alternative rockSacramento, California_cell_4_9_2 Fair OaksSacramento, California_cell_4_9_3 EntercomSacramento, California_cell_4_9_4
KNCISacramento, California_cell_4_10_0 105.1 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_10_1 CountrySacramento, California_cell_4_10_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_10_3 Bonneville InternationalSacramento, California_cell_4_10_4
KRXQSacramento, California_cell_4_11_0 98.5 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_11_1 Mainstream RockSacramento, California_cell_4_11_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_11_3 EntercomSacramento, California_cell_4_11_4
KSEGSacramento, California_cell_4_12_0 96.9 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_12_1 Classic RockSacramento, California_cell_4_12_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_12_3 EntercomSacramento, California_cell_4_12_4
KSFMSacramento, California_cell_4_13_0 102.5 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_13_1 Rhythmic contemporarySacramento, California_cell_4_13_2 WoodlandSacramento, California_cell_4_13_3 EntercomSacramento, California_cell_4_13_4
KSTESacramento, California_cell_4_14_0 650 AMSacramento, California_cell_4_14_1 TalkSacramento, California_cell_4_14_2 Rancho CordovaSacramento, California_cell_4_14_3 iHeartMediaSacramento, California_cell_4_14_4
KUDLSacramento, California_cell_4_15_0 106.5 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_15_1 Contemporary hitsSacramento, California_cell_4_15_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_15_3 EntercomSacramento, California_cell_4_15_4
KXJZSacramento, California_cell_4_16_0 90.9 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_16_1 Public radioSacramento, California_cell_4_16_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_16_3 CSUSSacramento, California_cell_4_16_4
KYMXSacramento, California_cell_4_17_0 96.1 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_17_1 Adult ContemporarySacramento, California_cell_4_17_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_17_3 Bonneville InternationalSacramento, California_cell_4_17_4
KYRVSacramento, California_cell_4_18_0 93.7 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_18_1 Classic rockSacramento, California_cell_4_18_2 RosevilleSacramento, California_cell_4_18_3 iHeartMediaSacramento, California_cell_4_18_4
KZZOSacramento, California_cell_4_19_0 100.5 FMSacramento, California_cell_4_19_1 Hot adult contemporarySacramento, California_cell_4_19_2 SacramentoSacramento, California_cell_4_19_3 Bonneville InternationalSacramento, California_cell_4_19_4

Television stations Sacramento, California_section_36

Sacramento, California_table_general_5

ChannelSacramento, California_header_cell_5_0_0 Call SignSacramento, California_header_cell_5_0_1 NetworkSacramento, California_header_cell_5_0_2 SubchannelsSacramento, California_header_cell_5_0_3
3Sacramento, California_cell_5_1_0 KCRA-TVSacramento, California_cell_5_1_1 NBCSacramento, California_cell_5_1_2 MeTV on 3.2Sacramento, California_cell_5_1_3
6Sacramento, California_cell_5_2_0 KVIESacramento, California_cell_5_2_1 PBSSacramento, California_cell_5_2_2 PBS Encore on 6.2, World on 6.3, PBS Kids on 6.4Sacramento, California_cell_5_2_3
8Sacramento, California_cell_5_3_0 KBTV-CDSacramento, California_cell_5_3_1 Independent EthnicSacramento, California_cell_5_3_2 Infomercials on 8.2, SBN on 8.3, Independent on 8.4, Retro Television Network on 8.5, HOT TV on 8.6, Rev'n on 8.7Sacramento, California_cell_5_3_3
10Sacramento, California_cell_5_4_0 KXTVSacramento, California_cell_5_4_1 ABCSacramento, California_cell_5_4_2 True Crime Network on 10.2, Heroes & Icons on 10.3Sacramento, California_cell_5_4_3
13Sacramento, California_cell_5_5_0 KOVRSacramento, California_cell_5_5_1 CBSSacramento, California_cell_5_5_2 Start TV on 13.2, Dabl on 13.3Sacramento, California_cell_5_5_3
19Sacramento, California_cell_5_6_0 KUVS-DTSacramento, California_cell_5_6_1 UnivisionSacramento, California_cell_5_6_2 Bounce TV on 19.3, Escape on 19.4Sacramento, California_cell_5_6_3
27Sacramento, California_cell_5_7_0 K20JX-DSacramento, California_cell_5_7_1 3ABNSacramento, California_cell_5_7_2 Sacramento, California_cell_5_7_3
29Sacramento, California_cell_5_8_0 KSPX-TVSacramento, California_cell_5_8_1 IonSacramento, California_cell_5_8_2 Qubo on 29.2, Ion Plus on 29.3, Ion Shop on 29.4, QVC on 29.5, HSN on 29.6Sacramento, California_cell_5_8_3
31Sacramento, California_cell_5_9_0 KMAX-TVSacramento, California_cell_5_9_1 CWSacramento, California_cell_5_9_2 Laff on 31.2, Comet on 31.3, Stadium on 31.4, Circle on 31.5Sacramento, California_cell_5_9_3
32Sacramento, California_cell_5_10_0 KSTV-LDSacramento, California_cell_5_10_1 AztecaSacramento, California_cell_5_10_2 Sacramento, California_cell_5_10_3
33Sacramento, California_cell_5_11_0 KCSO-LDSacramento, California_cell_5_11_1 TelemundoSacramento, California_cell_5_11_2 Sacramento, California_cell_5_11_3
40Sacramento, California_cell_5_12_0 KTXLSacramento, California_cell_5_12_1 FoxSacramento, California_cell_5_12_2 Antenna TV on 40.2, This TV on 40.3Sacramento, California_cell_5_12_3
58Sacramento, California_cell_5_13_0 KQCASacramento, California_cell_5_13_1 MyNetworkTVSacramento, California_cell_5_13_2 Movies! on 58.2Sacramento, California_cell_5_13_3
64Sacramento, California_cell_5_14_0 KTFKSacramento, California_cell_5_14_1 TelefuturaSacramento, California_cell_5_14_2 Sacramento, California_cell_5_14_3

Transportation Sacramento, California_section_37

Main article: Transportation in the Sacramento metropolitan area Sacramento, California_sentence_370

A 2011 study by Walk Score ranked Sacramento 24th most walkable of fifty largest U.S. cities. Sacramento, California_sentence_371

Roads and highways Sacramento, California_section_38

Sacramento is a control city and the region is served by several highways and freeways. Sacramento, California_sentence_372

Interstate 80 (I-80) is the major east–west route, connecting Sacramento with San Francisco in the west, and Reno in the east. Sacramento, California_sentence_373

Business 80 (the Capital City Freeway) splits from I-80 in West Sacramento, runs through Sacramento, and then rejoins its parent in the northwest portion of the city. Sacramento, California_sentence_374

U.S. Highway 50 also begins its eastern journey in West Sacramento, co-signed with Business 80, but then splits off and heads toward South Lake Tahoe as the El Dorado Freeway. Sacramento, California_sentence_375

A sign at the eastern terminus of US 50 in Ocean City, Maryland gives the distance to Sacramento as 3,073 miles (4,946 km). Sacramento, California_sentence_376

Interstate 5 (I-5) runs through Sacramento, heads north up to Redding, and then heads south near the western edge of the California Central Valley towards Los Angeles. Sacramento, California_sentence_377

California State Highway 99 runs through Sacramento, heading closer to the eastern edge of the Central Valley, connecting to Marysville and Yuba City in the north, and Fresno and Bakersfield in the south. Sacramento, California_sentence_378

California State Highway 160 approaches the city after running along the Sacramento River from Contra Costa County in the south, and then becomes a major city street in Downtown Sacramento before turning into the North Sacramento Freeway, going over the American River to Business 80. Sacramento, California_sentence_379

Some Sacramento neighborhoods, such as Downtown Sacramento and Midtown Sacramento are very bicycle friendly as are many other communities in the region. Sacramento, California_sentence_380

As a result of litigation, Sacramento has undertaken to make all city facilities and sidewalks wheelchair accessible. Sacramento, California_sentence_381

In an effort to preserve its urban neighborhoods, Sacramento has constructed traffic-calming measures in many areas. Sacramento, California_sentence_382

Rail service Sacramento, California_section_39

Amtrak provides passenger rail service to the city of Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_383

The Sacramento Valley Rail Station is on the corner of 5th and I streets near the historic Old Town Sacramento and underwent extensive renovations in 2007. Sacramento, California_sentence_384

The station serves as a Sacramento Regional Transit District Light Rail terminus. Sacramento, California_sentence_385

Amtrak California operates the Capitol Corridor, a multiple-frequency service providing service from the capital city to its northeastern suburbs and the San Francisco Bay Area. Sacramento, California_sentence_386

Sacramento is the northern terminus of the Amtrak California San Joaquins route which provide direct multiple-frequency passenger rail service to California's Central Valley as far as Bakersfield; Thruway Motorcoach connections are available from the trains at Bakersfield to Southern California and Southern Nevada. Sacramento, California_sentence_387

An additional service under this banner is expected to be routed through Midtown in 2020. Sacramento, California_sentence_388

Sacramento is a stop along Amtrak's Coast Starlight route which provides scenic service to Seattle via Klamath Falls and Portland to the north and to Los Angeles via San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara to the south. Sacramento, California_sentence_389

Amtrak's California Zephyr serves Sacramento daily and provides service to the east serving Reno, Salt Lake, Denver, Omaha, Chicago and intermediate cities. Sacramento, California_sentence_390

The Sacramento Valley Rail Station provides numerous Thruway Motorcoach routes. Sacramento, California_sentence_391

One route serves the cities of Marysville, Oroville, Chico, Corning, Red Bluff and Redding with additional service to Yreka and even Medford, Oregon. Sacramento, California_sentence_392

A second serves the cities of Roseville, Rocklin, Auburn, Colfax, Truckee, Reno and Sparks. Sacramento, California_sentence_393

The third and final thruway motorcoach route serves Placerville, Lake Tahoe, Stateline Casinos, and Carson City, Nevada. Sacramento, California_sentence_394

Each of these routes provides multiple frequencies each day. Sacramento, California_sentence_395

Sacramento has the second busiest Amtrak station in California and the seventh busiest in the country. Sacramento, California_sentence_396

Altamont Corridor Express commuter rail service is expected to be routed through Sacramento in 2020. Sacramento, California_sentence_397

This service will utilize the Union Pacific's Sacramento Subdivison, the route of the original California Zephyr, where additional passenger capacity is available. Sacramento, California_sentence_398

Sacramento is expected to serve as the northern terminus of the California High-Speed Rail system. Sacramento, California_sentence_399

Airport Sacramento, California_section_40

Sacramento International Airport (IATA: SMF, ICAO: KSMF, FAA LID: SMF) is a public airport 10 miles (16 kilometers) northwest of downtown Sacramento, in Sacramento County, California. Sacramento, California_sentence_400

It is run by Sacramento County. Sacramento, California_sentence_401

Southwest Airlines currently accounts for half the airline passengers. Sacramento, California_sentence_402

Other airlines include Delta, United, Spirit Airlines, American Airlines and Alaska. Sacramento, California_sentence_403

Sacramento International Airport handles flights to and from various US destinations (including Hawaii) as well as Mexico, Canada and connecting flights to Europe, Asia, and South America, and served more than 10 million passengers in 2016. Sacramento, California_sentence_404

The airport is best known for its red rabbit installation by Lawrence Argent entitled "Leap". Sacramento, California_sentence_405

Other transportation options Sacramento, California_section_41

The city and its suburbs are served by Sacramento Regional Transit District, which ranks as the eleventh busiest in the United States. Sacramento, California_sentence_406

Sac RT is a bus and light-rail system, with 274 buses and 76 light-rail vehicles providing service for 58,200 daily passengers. Sacramento, California_sentence_407

The three Light-rail lines (Blue, Gold, & Green) is a 42.9 mi (69.0 km) system with 54 stations. Sacramento, California_sentence_408

The Gold Line was extended east as far as the city of Folsom, and more recently the Blue Line was extended south from Meadowview Rd to Cosumnes River College. Sacramento, California_sentence_409

Sacramento's light rail system goes to the Sacramento Valley Rail Station, Cosumnes River College Station in south Sacramento, and north to Watt/I-80 where I-80 and Business 80 meet. Sacramento, California_sentence_410

The Light-rail Blue & Gold Lines have 15-minute weekday headways and 30-minute weekday evening and weekend/holiday headways; the Green Line has 30-minute weekday headways and no weekend service. Sacramento, California_sentence_411

Route 142 is an express bus line to/from downtown to Sacramento International Airport. Sacramento, California_sentence_412

There are expansion plans to extend the Green Line to the airport and the Blue Line to the City of Roseville through the City of Citrus Heights. Sacramento, California_sentence_413

Yolobus provides bus service to West Sacramento and Yolo County. Sacramento, California_sentence_414

Greyhound Lines provides intercity bus service to Portland, Reno, Los Angeles, and San Francisco from its new station along Richards Boulevard. Sacramento, California_sentence_415

Intercity bus service to San Francisco and Sparks, Nevada is offered by Megabus. Sacramento, California_sentence_416

Bicycling is an increasingly popular transportation mode in Sacramento, which enjoys a mild climate and flat terrain. Sacramento, California_sentence_417

Bicycling is especially common in the older neighborhoods of Sacramento's center, such as Alkali Flat, Midtown, McKinley Park, Land Park, and East Sacramento. Sacramento, California_sentence_418

Many employees who work downtown commute by bicycle from suburban communities on a dedicated bicycle path on the American River Parkway. Sacramento, California_sentence_419

Sacramento was designated as a Silver Level Bicycle Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists in September 2006. Sacramento, California_sentence_420

The advocacy organization Sacramento Area Bicycle Advocates co-sponsors the Sacramento Area Council of Governments' May is Bike Month campaign. Sacramento, California_sentence_421

There is a commuter bus service from Yolo County on Yolobus, from Solano County on FAST, on two bus lines from Yuba County's Yuba Sutter Transit, from Amador Transit's Sacramento Line, on Placer County Transit's Auburn to Light Rail Line, and from San Joaquin County on several SMART bus lines. Sacramento, California_sentence_422

Notable people Sacramento, California_section_42

See also: List of people from Sacramento Sacramento, California_sentence_423

International relations Sacramento, California_section_43

As of 2015, the City of Sacramento has 13 sister cities. Sacramento, California_sentence_424

They are: Sacramento, California_sentence_425

Sacramento, California_table_general_6

CountrySacramento, California_header_cell_6_0_0 CitySacramento, California_header_cell_6_0_1 Date of PartnershipSacramento, California_header_cell_6_0_2
IsraelSacramento, California_cell_6_1_0 AshkelonSacramento, California_cell_6_1_1 August 15, 2012Sacramento, California_cell_6_1_2
PalestineSacramento, California_cell_6_2_0 BethlehemSacramento, California_cell_6_2_1 December 15, 2009Sacramento, California_cell_6_2_2
MoldovaSacramento, California_cell_6_3_0 ChişinăuSacramento, California_cell_6_3_1 December 12, 1989Sacramento, California_cell_6_3_2
New ZealandSacramento, California_cell_6_4_0 HamiltonSacramento, California_cell_6_4_1 December 6, 1988Sacramento, California_cell_6_4_2
ChinaSacramento, California_cell_6_5_0 Jinan, ShandongSacramento, California_cell_6_5_1 October 16, 1984Sacramento, California_cell_6_5_2
SwitzerlandSacramento, California_cell_6_6_0 LiestalSacramento, California_cell_6_6_1 March 21, 1989Sacramento, California_cell_6_6_2
PhilippinesSacramento, California_cell_6_7_0 ManilaSacramento, California_cell_6_7_1 June 8, 1961Sacramento, California_cell_6_7_2
JapanSacramento, California_cell_6_8_0 Matsuyama, EhimeSacramento, California_cell_6_8_1 March 17, 1981Sacramento, California_cell_6_8_2
MexicoSacramento, California_cell_6_9_0 MexicaliSacramento, California_cell_6_9_1 September 26, 2013Sacramento, California_cell_6_9_2
PhilippinesSacramento, California_cell_6_10_0 Pasay CitySacramento, California_cell_6_10_1 February 28, 2006Sacramento, California_cell_6_10_2
NicaraguaSacramento, California_cell_6_11_0 San Juan de OrienteSacramento, California_cell_6_11_1 February 28, 2006Sacramento, California_cell_6_11_2
South KoreaSacramento, California_cell_6_12_0 Yongsan-gu, SeoulSacramento, California_cell_6_12_1 July 22, 1997Sacramento, California_cell_6_12_2
SpainSacramento, California_cell_6_13_0 ValenciaSacramento, California_cell_6_13_1 July 12, 1990Sacramento, California_cell_6_13_2

See also Sacramento, California_section_44

Sacramento, California_unordered_list_7

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page:, California.