San Rocco Battery

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San Rocco Battery_table_infobox_0

San Rocco BatterySan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_0_0
CoordinatesSan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_1_0 San Rocco Battery_cell_0_1_1
TypeSan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_2_0 Artillery batterySan Rocco Battery_cell_0_2_1
Site historySan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_3_0
BuiltSan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_4_0 c. 1798–1799San Rocco Battery_cell_0_4_1
Built bySan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_5_0 Maltese insurgentsSan Rocco Battery_cell_0_5_1
In useSan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_6_0 c. 1798–1800San Rocco Battery_cell_0_6_1
MaterialsSan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_7_0 LimestoneSan Rocco Battery_cell_0_7_1
FateSan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_8_0 DemolishedSan Rocco Battery_cell_0_8_1
Battles/warsSan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_9_0 Siege of Malta (1798–1800)San Rocco Battery_cell_0_9_1
Garrison informationSan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_10_0
GarrisonSan Rocco Battery_header_cell_0_11_0 National Congress Battalions

30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of FootSan Rocco Battery_cell_0_11_1

San Rocco Battery (Maltese: Batterija ta' San Rokku) was an artillery battery in Kalkara, Malta, built by Maltese insurgents during the French blockade of 1798–1800. San Rocco Battery_sentence_0

It was the last in a chain of batteries, redoubts and entrenchments encircling the French positions in Marsamxett and the Grand Harbour. San Rocco Battery_sentence_1

It was built to control the entrance to the harbour as well as the French occupied Fort Ricasoli. San Rocco Battery_sentence_2

The battery was continually being fired upon from the French at Ricasoli. San Rocco Battery_sentence_3

The battery was built on a low hillock and had two gun platforms, which were connected together with rubble walls. San Rocco Battery_sentence_4

Around December 1799, a magazine was built by the architect Michele Cachia at the rear of the battery, with timber beams taken from ruined houses in Paola. San Rocco Battery_sentence_5

The battery was initially armed with two 6-pounder iron guns. San Rocco Battery_sentence_6

During the course of the siege, the armament was increased to five 12-pounders and two 8-pounders on the upper platform, while the lower platform was armed with four 32-pounders for coastal defence. San Rocco Battery_sentence_7

By the end of the blockade in 1800 it had ten guns and two mortars. San Rocco Battery_sentence_8

At one point, men from the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot were stationed at San Rocco Battery. San Rocco Battery_sentence_9

In 1799, the British devised an evacuation plan in case a French relief force arrived. San Rocco Battery_sentence_10

British forces were to gather at San Rocco Battery, and they were to retreat to Żabbar under the cover of San Rocco Redoubt. San Rocco Battery_sentence_11

From there, they would retreat to Żejtun, and then to Fort Rohan under the cover of St. San Rocco Battery_sentence_12 Lucian Redoubt. San Rocco Battery_sentence_13

They would embark on their ships in Marsaxlokk Harbour and evacuate the island. San Rocco Battery_sentence_14

Like the other French blockade fortifications, San Rocco Battery was dismantled, possibly sometime after 1814. San Rocco Battery_sentence_15

No traces of the battery can be seen today. San Rocco Battery_sentence_16

In the 1870s, the British built Fort Saint Rocco on the site of the battery. San Rocco Battery_sentence_17

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Rocco Battery.