Santa Barbara, California

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This article is about the city. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_0

For the island, see Santa Barbara Island. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_1

For the county, see Santa Barbara County, California. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_2

Santa Barbara, California_table_infobox_0

Santa Barbara, CaliforniaSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_0_0
CountrySanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_1_0 United StatesSanta Barbara, California_cell_0_1_1
StateSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_2_0 CaliforniaSanta Barbara, California_cell_0_2_1
CountySanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_3_0 Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara, California_cell_0_3_1
IncorporatedSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_4_0 April 9, 1850Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_4_1
Named forSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_5_0 Saint BarbaraSanta Barbara, California_cell_0_5_1
GovernmentSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_6_0
TypeSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_7_0 Council/AdministratorSanta Barbara, California_cell_0_7_1
MayorSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_8_0 Cathy MurilloSanta Barbara, California_cell_0_8_1
State SenatorSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_9_0 Monique Limón (D)Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_9_1
CA AssemblySanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_10_0 Steve Bennett (D)Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_10_1
U.S. Rep.Santa Barbara, California_header_cell_0_11_0 Salud Carbajal (D)Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_11_1
AreaSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_12_0
TotalSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_13_0 42.00 sq mi (108.78 km)Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_13_1
LandSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_14_0 19.50 sq mi (50.51 km)Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_14_1
WaterSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_15_0 22.50 sq mi (58.27 km)  53.61%Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_15_1
ElevationSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_16_0 49 ft (15 m)Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_16_1
Population (2010)Santa Barbara, California_header_cell_0_17_0
TotalSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_18_0 88,410Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_18_1
Estimate (2019)Santa Barbara, California_header_cell_0_19_0 91,364Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_19_1
RankSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_20_0 87th in CaliforniaSanta Barbara, California_cell_0_20_1
DensitySanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_21_0 4,684.85/sq mi (1,808.80/km)Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_21_1
Time zoneSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_22_0 UTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_22_1
Summer (DST)Santa Barbara, California_header_cell_0_23_0 UTC−7 (PDT)Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_23_1
ZIP codesSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_24_0 93101–93103, 93105–93111, 93116–93118, 93120–93121, 93130, 93140, 93150, 93160, 93190, 93199Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_24_1
Area codeSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_25_0 805Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_25_1
FIPS codeSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_26_0 Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_26_1
GNIS feature IDsSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_27_0 ,Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_27_1
WebsiteSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_0_28_0 Santa Barbara, California_cell_0_28_1

Santa Barbara (Spanish: Santa Bárbara; Spanish for 'Saint Barbara') is a coastal city in, and the county seat of, Santa Barbara County in the U.S. state of California. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_3

Situated on a south-facing section of coastline, the longest such section on the West Coast of the United States, the city lies between the steeply rising Santa Ynez Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_4

Santa Barbara's climate is often described as Mediterranean, and the city has been promoted as the "American Riviera". Santa Barbara, California_sentence_5

As of 2019, the city had an estimated population of 91,364, up from 88,410 in 2010, making it the second most populous city in the county after Santa Maria. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_6

The contiguous urban area, which includes the cities of Goleta and Carpinteria, along with the unincorporated regions of Isla Vista, Montecito, Mission Canyon, Hope Ranch, Summerland, and others, has an approximate population of 220,000. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_7

The population of the entire county in 2010 was 423,895. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_8

The city, in addition to being a popular tourist and resort destination, has a diverse economy that includes a large service sector, education, technology, health care, finance, agriculture, manufacturing, and local government. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_9

In 2004, the service sector accounted for fully 35% of local employment. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_10

Education in particular is well-represented, with four institutions of higher learning on the south coast (the University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara City College, Westmont College, and Antioch University). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_11

The Santa Barbara Airport serves the city, Santa Barbara Aviation provides jet charter aircraft, and train service is provided by Amtrak, which operates the Pacific Surfliner (which runs from San Diego to San Luis Obispo). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_12

U.S. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_13 Highway 101 connects the Santa Barbara area with Los Angeles roughly 100 mi (161 km) to the southeast and San Francisco around 325 mi (523 km) to the northwest. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_14

Behind the city, in and beyond the Santa Ynez Mountains, is the Los Padres National Forest, which contains several remote wilderness areas. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_15

Channel Islands National Park and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary are located approximately 20 miles (32 km) offshore. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_16

History Santa Barbara, California_section_0

Main article: History of Santa Barbara, California Santa Barbara, California_sentence_17

Evidence of human habitation of the area begins at least 13,000 years ago. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_18

Evidence for a Paleoindian presence includes a fluted Clovis-like point found in the 1980s along the western Santa Barbara County coast, as well as the remains of Arlington Springs Man, found on Santa Rosa Island in the 1960s. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_19

An estimated 8,000 to 10,000 Chumash lived on the south coast of Santa Barbara County at the time of the first European explorations. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_20

Five Chumash villages flourished in the area. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_21

The present-day area of Santa Barbara City College was the village of Mispu; the site of the Los Baños pool (along west beach, was the village of Syukhtun, chief Yanonalit's large village located between Bath and Chapala streets; Amolomol was at the mouth of Mission Creek; and Swetete, above the bird refuge. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_22

Spanish period Santa Barbara, California_section_1

Spanish explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, sailing for the Kingdom of Spain, sailed through what is now called the Santa Barbara Channel in 1542, anchoring briefly in the area. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_23

In 1602, Spanish maritime explorer Sebastián Vizcaíno gave the name "Santa Barbara" to the channel and also to one of the Channel Islands. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_24

A land expedition led by Gaspar de Portolà visited around 1769, and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespi, who accompanied the expedition, named a large native town "Laguna de la Concepcion". Santa Barbara, California_sentence_25

Cabrillo's earlier name, however, is the one that has survived. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_26

The first permanent European residents were Spanish missionaries and soldiers under Felipe de Neve, who came in 1782 to build the Presidio. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_27

They were sent both to fortify the region against expansion by other powers such as England and Russia, and to convert the natives to Christianity. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_28

Many of the Spaniards brought their families with them, and those formed the nucleus of the small town – at first just a cluster of adobes – that surrounded the Presidio of Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_29

The Santa Barbara Mission was established on the Feast of Saint Barbara, December 4, 1786. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_30

It was the tenth of the California Missions to be founded by the Spanish Franciscans. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_31

It was dedicated by Padre Fermín Lasuén, who succeeded Padre Junipero Serra as the second president and founder of the California Franciscan Mission Chain. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_32

The Chumash laborers built a connection between the canyon creek and the Santa Barbara Mission water system through the use of a dam and an aqueduct. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_33

During the following decades, many of the natives died of diseases such as smallpox, against which they had no natural immunity. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_34

The most dramatic event of the Spanish period was the powerful 1812 earthquake, and tsunami, with an estimated magnitude of 7.1, which destroyed the Mission as well as the rest of the town; water reached as high as present-day Anapamu street, and carried a ship half a mile up Refugio Canyon. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_35

The Mission was rebuilt by 1820 after the earthquake. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_36

Following the earthquake, the Mission fathers chose to rebuild in a grander manner, and it is this construction that survives to the present day, the best-preserved of the California Missions, and still functioning as an active church by the Franciscans. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_37

After the Mexican government secularized the missions in the 1830s, the baptismal, marriage, and burial records of other missions were transferred to Santa Barbara, and now found in the Santa Barbara Mission Archive-Library. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_38

C-SPAN has produced a program on the mission and the mission archive-library. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_39

The Spanish period ended in 1822 with the end of the Mexican War of Independence, which terminated 300 years of colonial rule. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_40

The flag of Mexico went up the flagpole at the Presidio, but only for 24 years. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_41

Santa Barbara street names reflect this time period as well. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_42

The names de le Guerra and Carrillo come from citizens of the town of this time. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_43

They were instrumental in building up the town, so they were honored by having streets named after them. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_44

Mexican and Rancho period Santa Barbara, California_section_2

After the forced secularization of the Missions in 1833, successive Mexican Governors distributed the large land tracts formerly held by the Franciscan Order to various families in order to reward service or build alliances. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_45

These land grants to local notable families mark the beginning of the "Rancho Period" in California and Santa Barbara history. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_46

The Fernando Tico was one of the first settlers who received land grants for the local area. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_47

Fernando led the Native Americans against the Argentinian pirate in the 1800s. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_48

The population remained sparse, with enormous cattle operations run by wealthy families. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_49

It was during this period that Richard Henry Dana, Jr. first visited Santa Barbara and wrote about the culture and people of Santa Barbara in his book Two Years Before the Mast. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_50

Santa Barbara fell bloodlessly to a battalion of American soldiers under John C. Frémont on December 27, 1846, during the Mexican–American War, and after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 it became part of the expanding United States. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_51

Middle and late 19th century Santa Barbara, California_section_3

Change came quickly after Santa Barbara's acquisition by the United States. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_52

The population doubled between 1850 and 1860. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_53

In 1851, land surveyor Salisbury Haley designed the street grid, famously botching the block measurements, misaligning the streets, thereby creating doglegs at certain intersections. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_54

Wood construction replaced adobe as American settlers moved in; during the Gold Rush years and following, the town became a haven for bandits and gamblers, and a dangerous and lawless place. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_55

Charismatic gambler and highwayman Jack Powers had virtual control of the town in the early 1850s, until driven out by a posse organized in San Luis Obispo. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_56

English gradually supplanted Spanish as the language of daily life, becoming the language of official record in 1870. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_57

The first newspaper, the Santa Barbara Gazette, was founded in 1855. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_58

While the Civil War had little effect on Santa Barbara, the disastrous drought of 1863 ended the Rancho Period, as most of the cattle died and ranchos were broken up and sold. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_59

Mortimer Cook, a wealthy entrepreneur, arrived in 1871 and opened the city's first bank. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_60

Cook later served two terms as mayor. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_61

Cook founded the first National Gold Bank of Santa Barbara in 1873. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_62

The building of Stearns Wharf in 1872 enhanced Santa Barbara's commercial and tourist accessibility; previously goods and visitors had to transfer from steamboats to smaller craft to row ashore. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_63

During the 1870s, writer Charles Nordhoff promoted the town as a health resort and destination for well-to-do travelers from other parts of the U.S.; many of them came, and many stayed. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_64

The luxurious Arlington Hotel dated from this period. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_65

In 1887 the railroad finally went through to Los Angeles, and in 1901 to San Francisco: Santa Barbara was now easily accessible by land and by sea, and subsequent development was brisk. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_66

Peter J. Barber, an architect, designed many Late Victorian style residences, and served twice as mayor, in 1880 and again in 1890. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_67

A year after Barber's term as mayor, President Benjamin Harrison became the first of five presidents to visit Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_68

Early 20th century to World War II Santa Barbara, California_section_4

Just before the turn of the 20th century, oil was discovered at the Summerland Oil Field, and the region along the beach east of Santa Barbara sprouted numerous oil derricks and piers for drilling offshore. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_69

This was the first offshore oil development in the world; oil drilling offshore would become a contentious practice in the Santa Barbara area, which continues to the present day. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_70

Santa Barbara housed the world's largest movie studio during the era of silent film. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_71

Flying A Studios, a division of the American Film Manufacturing Company, operated on two city blocks centered at State and Mission between 1910 and 1922, with the industry shutting down locally and moving to Hollywood once it outgrew the area, needing the resources of a larger city. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_72

Flying A and the other smaller local studios produced approximately 1,200 films during their tenure in Santa Barbara, of which approximately 100 survive. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_73

During this period, the Loughead Aircraft Company was established on lower State Street, and regularly tested seaplanes off of East Beach. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_74

This was the genesis of what would later become Lockheed. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_75

The magnitude 6.3 earthquake of June 29, 1925, the first destructive earthquake in California since the 1906 San Francisco quake, destroyed much of downtown Santa Barbara and killed 13 people. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_76

The earthquake caused infrastructure to collapse including the Sheffield Dam. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_77

The low death toll is attributed to the early hour (6:44 a.m., before most people were out on the streets, vulnerable to falling masonry). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_78

While this quake, like the one in 1812, was centered in the Santa Barbara Channel, it caused no tsunami. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_79

It came at an opportune time for rebuilding, since a movement for architectural reform and unification around a Spanish Colonial style was already underway. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_80

Under the leadership of Pearl Chase, many of the city's famous buildings rose as part of the rebuilding process, including the Santa Barbara County Courthouse, sometimes praised as the "most beautiful public building in the United States." Santa Barbara, California_sentence_81

There is also the unfortunate incident that happened in 1907, which included a horrific train accident that took the lives of 32 people. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_82

During World War II, Santa Barbara was home to Marine Corps Air Station Santa Barbara, and Naval Reserve Center Santa Barbara at the harbor. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_83

Up the coast, west of the city, was the Army's Camp Cooke (the present-day Vandenberg Air Force Base). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_84

In the city, Hoff General Hospital treated servicemen wounded in the Pacific Theatre. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_85

On February 23, 1942, not long after the outbreak of war in the Pacific, the Japanese submarine I-17 surfaced offshore and lobbed 16 shells at the Ellwood Oil Field, about 10 miles (16 km) west of Santa Barbara, in the first shelling attack by an enemy power on the continental U.S. since the bombardment of Orleans in World War I. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_86

Although the shelling was inaccurate and only caused about $500 damage to a catwalk, panic was immediate. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_87

Many Santa Barbara residents fled, and land values plummeted to historic lows. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_88

After World War II Santa Barbara, California_section_5

After the war many of the servicemen who had seen Santa Barbara returned to stay. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_89

The population surged by 10,000 people between the end of the war and 1950. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_90

This burst of growth had dramatic consequences for the local economy and infrastructure. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_91

Highway 101 was built through town during this period, and newly built Lake Cachuma began supplying water via a tunnel dug through the mountains between 1950 and 1956. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_92

Local relations with the oil industry gradually soured through the period. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_93

Production at Summerland had ended, Elwood was winding down, and to find new fields oil companies carried out seismic exploration of the Channel using explosives, a controversial practice that local fishermen claimed harmed their catch. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_94

The culminating disaster, and one of the formative events in the modern environmental movement, was the blowout at Union Oil's Platform A on the Dos Cuadras Field, about eight miles (13 km) southeast of Santa Barbara in the Santa Barbara Channel, on January 28, 1969. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_95

Approximately 100,000 barrels (16,000 m) of oil surged out of a huge undersea break, fouling hundreds of square miles of ocean and all the coastline from Ventura to Goleta, as well north facing beaches on the Channel Islands. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_96

Two legislative consequences of the spill in the next year were the passages of the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA); locally, outraged citizens formed GOO (Get Oil Out). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_97

Santa Barbara's business community strove to attract development until the surge in the anti-growth movement in the 1970s. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_98

Many "clean" industries, especially aerospace firms such as Raytheon and Delco Electronics, moved to town in the 1950s and 1960s, bringing employees from other parts of the U.S. UCSB itself became a major employer. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_99

In 1975, the city passed an ordinance restricting growth to a maximum of 85,000 residents, through zoning. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_100

Growth in the adjacent Goleta Valley could be shut down by denying water meters to developers seeking permits. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_101

As a result of these changes, growth slowed down, but prices rose sharply. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_102

When voters approved connection to State water supplies in 1991, parts of the city, especially outlying areas, resumed growth, but more slowly than during the boom period of the 1950s and 1960s. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_103

While the slower growth preserved the quality of life for most residents and prevented the urban sprawl notorious in the Los Angeles basin, housing in the Santa Barbara area was in short supply, and prices soared: in 2006, only six percent of residents could afford a median-value house. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_104

As a result, many people who work in Santa Barbara commute from adjacent, more affordable areas, such as Santa Maria, Lompoc, and Ventura. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_105

The resultant traffic on incoming arteries, in particular the stretch of Highway 101 between Ventura and Santa Barbara, is another problem being addressed by long-range planners. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_106

Notable wildfires Santa Barbara, California_section_6

Since the middle of the twentieth century, several destructive fires have affected Santa Barbara: the 1964 Coyote Fire, which burned 67,000 acres (270 km) of backcountry along with 106 homes; the smaller, but quickly moving, Sycamore Fire in 1977, which burned 200 homes; the disastrous 1990 Painted Cave Fire, which incinerated over 500 homes in only several hours, during an intense Sundowner wind event; the November 2008 Tea Fire, which destroyed 210 homes in the foothills of Santa Barbara and Montecito; and the 2009 Jesusita Fire that burned 8,733 acres (35.34 km) and destroyed 160 homes above the San Roque region of Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_107

The Thomas Fire burned from its origins in Santa Paula 60 miles (97 km) to the east of Santa Barbara and consumed 281,893 acres (1,140.78 km) in Santa Barbara and Ventura counties, most of which consisted of rural land and wilderness areas. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_108

The fire started December 4, 2017 and was 100% contained by January 12, 2018. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_109

1,050 structures were lost in the Thomas Fire, mostly east of Santa Barbara in Ventura County. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_110

The Thomas Fire has been the largest Santa Barbara County fire ever recorded to date. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_111

Geography Santa Barbara, California_section_7

Santa Barbara is located about 90 miles (145 km) west-northwest of Los Angeles, along the Pacific coast. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_112

This stretch of coast along southern Santa Barbara County is sometimes referred to as "The American Riviera", presumably because its geography and climate are similar to that of areas along the northern Mediterranean Sea coast (especially in southern France) known as the Riviera. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_113

The Santa Ynez Mountains, an east–west trending range, rise dramatically behind the city, with several peaks exceeding 4,000 feet (1,200 m). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_114

Covered with chaparral, oaks and sandstone outcrops, they make a scenic backdrop to the town. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_115

Sometimes, perhaps once every three years, snow falls on the mountains, but it rarely stays for more than a few days. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_116

Nearer to town, directly east and adjacent to Mission Santa Barbara, is an east-west ridge known locally as "the Riviera," traversed by a road called "Alameda Padre Serra" (shortened APS, which translates to "Father Serra's pathway"). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_117

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.0 square miles (108.8 km), of which 19.5 square miles (51 km) of it is land and 22.5 square miles (58 km) of it (53.61%) is water. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_118

The high official figures for water is due to the extension of the city limit into the ocean, including a strip of city reaching out into the sea and inland again to keep the Santa Barbara Airport (SBA) within the city boundary. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_119

Climate Santa Barbara, California_section_8

Santa Barbara experiences a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csb) characteristic of coastal California. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_120

Santa Barbara's weather was ranked number 1 in the United States in 2018 by U.S. News & World Report. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_121

Because the city lies along the ocean and parallel to the predominant westerly winds, sideshore and light onshore breezes moderate temperatures resulting in warmer winters and cooler summers compared with places farther inland. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_122

In the winter, storms reach California, some of which bring heavy rainfall but the rainshadow effect of the coastal mountains can at times moderate or enhance the rainfall depending on local storm wind flows. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_123

Local rainfall totals can be enhanced by orographic lift when storms are accompanied by southerly flow pushing moist air over the Santa Ynez mountains, producing greater rainfall than in other coastal areas. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_124

Diurnal temperature variation reaches a maximum in winter due to lower humidity and the absence of summer fog. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_125

On average, only 1.7 nights have freezing lows. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_126

Summers in Santa Barbara are mostly rainless due to the presence of a high-pressure area over the eastern Pacific, but summer showers can happen due to tropical hurricane/Monsoonal flows that rarely reach the region, thunderstorms could also occur during the North American Monsoon. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_127

In the fall, afternoon or evening downslope winds, locally called "Sundowners", can raise temperatures into the high 90s and drop humidities into the single digits, increasing the chance due to downed powerlines etc. and severity of wildfires in the foothills north of the city. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_128

Annual rainfall totals are highly variable and in exceptional years like 1940–1941 and 1997–1998 over 40 inches (1.0 m) of rain have fallen in a year, but in dry seasons less than 6 inches (150 mm) is not unheard of. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_129

Snow sometimes covers higher elevations of the Santa Ynez Mountains but is extremely rare in the city itself. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_130

The most recent accumulating snow to fall near sea level was in January 1949, when approximately two inches fell in the city. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_131

Geology and soils Santa Barbara, California_section_9

The city of Santa Barbara is situated on a coastal plain between the Santa Ynez Mountains and the sea. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_132

This coastal plain consists of a complex array of Holocene and Pleistocene alluvial and colluvial deposits, marine terraces, debris flows, and estuarine deposits. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_133

Soils are mostly well drained brown fine sandy loam of the Milpitas series. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_134

Rapid geologic uplift is characteristic of the entire region, as evidenced by the coastal bluffs and narrow beaches that are present along most of the coastline. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_135

Downtown Santa Barbara occupies a floodplain between two major geologic faults, the Mission Ridge Fault Zone to the north and the Mesa Fault to the south. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_136

The Mission Ridge Fault Zone runs along the range of hills known locally as the "Riviera", and the Mesa Fault defines the northern boundary of the band of hills called the "Mesa". Santa Barbara, California_sentence_137

These two faults converge near the Five Points Shopping Center at Los Positas and State Streets. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_138

Neither is well-exposed, with their locations being inferred from topography, springs, seeps, and well logs. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_139

The Mesa Fault continues southeast offshore into the Santa Barbara Channel; the portion of the fault offshore is believed to have been responsible for the destructive earthquake of 1925. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_140

The Mission Ridge Fault trends east-west, being named the More Ranch Fault west of Santa Barbara, and forms the northern boundary of the uplands which include Isla Vista, More Mesa, and the Hope Ranch Hills. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_141

Three major sedimentary bedrock units underlie the coastal plain: the Monterey Formation, the Sisquoc Formation, and the Santa Barbara Formation. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_142

The Santa Barbara Formation is one of the main units in the aquifer underlying the city. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_143

Its coarse-grained freshwater-bearing portion, much of which is below sea level, is protected from seawater intrusion by the More Ranch Fault, which has shielded it by uplifting less-permeable rocks between it and the sea. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_144

The majority of water wells in the Santa Barbara-Goleta area pull from this geologic unit. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_145

The Santa Ynez Mountains to the north of the city consist of multiple layers of sandstone and conglomerate units dating from the Jurassic Age to the present, uplifted rapidly since the Pliocene, upended, and in some areas completely overturned. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_146

Rapid uplift has given these mountains their craggy, scenic character, and numerous landslides and debris flows, which form some of the urban and suburban lowland area, are testament to their geologically active nature. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_147

Architecture Santa Barbara, California_section_10

The first Monterey-style adobe in California was built on State Street of Santa Barbara by the wealthy merchant Alpheus Thompson. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_148

The dominant architectural themes of Santa Barbara are the Spanish Colonial Revival and the related Mission Revival style, encouraged through design guidelines adopted by city leaders after the 1925 earthquake destroyed much of the downtown commercial district. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_149

Residential architectural styles in Santa Barbara reflect the era of their construction. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_150

Many late 1800s Victorian homes remain downtown and in the "Upper East" neighborhood. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_151

California bungalows are common, built in the early decades of the 20th century. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_152

Spanish Colonial Revival-style homes built after 1925 are common all over the city, especially in newer upscale residential areas like Montecito and Hope Ranch. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_153

Notable modernist and contemporary homes can be found as well. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_154

Neighborhoods Santa Barbara, California_section_11

Santa Barbara has a range of neighborhoods with distinctive histories, architecture, and culture. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_155

While considerable consensus exists as to the identification of neighborhood names and boundaries, variations exist between observers. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_156

For example, real estate agents may use different names than those used by public utilities or municipal service providers, such as police, fire, or water services. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_157

The following is a list of neighborhoods with descriptions and comments on each. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_158

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_0

  • The Mesa stretches 2.5 miles (4.0 km) from Santa Barbara City College on the east to Arroyo Burro County Beach (or "Hendry's/The Pit" to locals) on the west. "The Mesa" embodies a beach vibe. The neighborhood has beach access to Mesa Lane Beach, as well as Thousand Steps Beach. This is considered to be a desirable neighborhood due to its proximity to the ocean as well as the college. Residential development began here in the 1920s but was interrupted by the discovery of the Mesa Oil Field. The field was quickly exhausted, and after the Second World War building of houses resumed, although the last oil tanks and sumps did not disappear until the early 1970s.Santa Barbara, California_item_0_0
  • Bel Air and Alta Mesa comprise most of the coastal highlands of Santa Barbara, north (landward) of the Mesa. The area is almost entirely residential except for the Honda Valley natural area and also Elings Park, the largest privately funded park in the United States. Several homes on the northeast slopes and crests have views of downtown Santa Barbara, the Riviera, the Santa Ynez Mountains, and the coast to Ventura and beyond, while many on the southern side have views of the Santa Barbara Channel and Channel Islands National Park. Due to its position along Santa Barbara County's east-west-trending southern coastline, winter sunrises occur above the ocean here, a rarity on the Pacific coast of the USA.Santa Barbara, California_item_0_1
  • Mission Canyon contains the wooded hilly area beginning at the Old Mission and extending along Foothill Road, north and east into Mission Canyon Road and Las Canoas Road. A popular spot as an entry-point for weekend foothill hiking, it is one of the most rustically beautiful, yet fire-prone areas of Santa Barbara due to heavy natural vegetation.Santa Barbara, California_item_0_2
  • The Riviera encompasses an ocean-facing hillside and back hillside extending for approximately two miles, with the north side extending from Foothill Road to Sycamore Canyon Road, and the south side from the Santa Barbara Mission to North Salinas Street. The ribbon-like Alameda Padre Serra serves as the principal entry point from the Mission and the City of Santa Barbara. Since the past century, it has been known as "the Riviera" due to its resemblance to the Mediterranean coastal towns of France and Italy. The neighborhood has winding streets with intricate stonework terracing built by early 20th-century Italian immigrants. Most of the topography of the Riviera is relatively steep, making it particularly noteworthy for homes with outstanding views of the City of Santa Barbara and the Pacific Ocean.Santa Barbara, California_item_0_3
  • The Westside ("west of State Street") lies predominantly in the lowlands between State Street and the Mesa, including Highway 101, and also reaches down to Cliff Drive, incorporating Santa Barbara City College.Santa Barbara, California_item_0_4
  • The Eastside ("east of State Street") is generally the area east of State to the base of the Riviera, and includes Santa Barbara Junior High School, Santa Barbara High School, and the Santa Barbara Bowl.Santa Barbara, California_item_0_5
  • The Waterfront comprises roughly commercial and tourist-oriented business structures along Cabrillo Boulevard including Stearns Wharf, the Santa Barbara Harbor and the breakwater, and extending east toward the Bird Refuge and west along Shoreline Drive above the SBCC campus West.Santa Barbara, California_item_0_6
  • Upper State Street is a residential and commercial district that includes numerous professional offices, and much of the medical infrastructure of the city. Upper State is generally defined by the location of the Granada Theatre and points Northwest. Upper State includes the Santa Barbara Mission and the late Pearl Chase's influence on home design is ever-present in this area.Santa Barbara, California_item_0_7
  • San Roque is located northwest of the downtown area and north of Samarkand. This area is said to be a constant 5 degrees warmer than the coastal areas, due to its greater distance from the ocean than other Santa Barbara neighborhoods, and being separated from the sea by a low range of hills to the south of the 101 freeway, occupied by the Mesa and Hope Ranch. San Roque area weather is considered by locals as the most temperate of all Santa Barbara Cities areas.Santa Barbara, California_item_0_8
  • Samarkand currently has approximately 630 homes on 184 acres (0.74 km) with a population of about 2,000 people. The name Samarkand comes from an Old Persian word meaning "the land of heart's desire." It was first applied to a deluxe Persian-style hotel that was converted from a boys' school in 1920. Samarkand later became identified as its own neighborhood located between Las Positas, State Street, De La Vina, Oak Park, and the Freeway. Earle Ovington built the first home here in 1920 at 3030 Samarkand Drive. As a pilot, Ovington established the Casa Loma Air Field with a 1,500-foot (460 m) runway that was used by legendary pilots Lindbergh and Earhart.Santa Barbara, California_item_0_9

Demographics Santa Barbara, California_section_12

2010 Santa Barbara, California_section_13

The 2010 United States Census reported that Santa Barbara had a population of 88,410. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_159

The population density was 2,106.6 people per square mile (813.4/km). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_160

The racial makeup of Santa Barbara was 66,411 (75.1%) White; 1,420 (1.6%) African American; 892 (1.0%) Native American; 3,062 (3.5%); Asian (1.0% Chinese, 0.6% Filipino, 0.5% Japanese, 0.4% Korean, 0.4% Indian, 0.2% Vietnamese, 0.4% other); 116 (0.1%) Pacific Islander; 13,032 (14.7%) from other races; 3,477 (3.9%) from two or more races. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_161

Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 33,591 persons (38.0%). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_162

Non-Hispanic Whites were 45,852 persons (52.2%) Santa Barbara, California_sentence_163

The Census reported that 86,783 people (98.2% of the population) lived in households, 1,172 (1.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 455 (0.5%) were institutionalized. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_164

Of the 35,449 households, 8,768 (24.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,240 (37.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,454 (9.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, and 1,539 (4.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_165

There were 2,420 (6.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 339 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships; 11,937 households (33.7%) were made up of individuals, and 4,340 (12.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_166

The average household size was 2.45. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_167

There were 18,233 families (51.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.13. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_168

The population was spread out, with 16,468 people (18.6%) under the age of 18, 10,823 people (12.2%) aged 18 to 24, 26,241 people (29.7%) aged 25 to 44, 22,305 people (25.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 12,573 people (14.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_169

The median age was 36.8 years. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_170

For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_171

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_172

There were 37,820 housing units at an average density of 901.2 per square mile (347.9/km), of which 13,784 (38.9%) were owner-occupied, and 21,665 (61.1%) were occupied by renters. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_173

The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%; 34,056 people (38.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 52,727 people (59.6%) lived in rental housing units. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_174

2000 Santa Barbara, California_section_14

As of the census of 2000, 92,325 people*, 35,605 households, and 18,941 families resided in the city. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_175

The population density was 4,865.3 people per square mile (1,878.1/km). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_176

There were 37,076 housing units at an average density of 1,953.8 per square mile (754.2/km). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_177

The racial makeup of the city was 74.0% White, 1.8% African American, 1.1% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 16.4% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_178

People of Hispanic or Latino background, of any race, were 35.0% of the population. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_179

Of the 35,605 households, 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.8% were not families. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_180

About 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_181

The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.17. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_182

In the city, the population was distributed as 19.8% under the age of 18, 13.8% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_183

The median age was 35 years. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_184

For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_185

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_186

The median income for a household in the city was $47,498, and for a family was $57,880. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_187

Males had a median income of $37,116 versus $31,911 for females. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_188

The per capita income for the city was $26,466. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_189

About 7.7% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_190

If one compares the per capita income to the actual cost of living, the number of people living below the poverty line is considerably higher. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_191

Economy Santa Barbara, California_section_15

Aerospace and defense companies such as Alliant Techsystems, Channel Technologies Group, LogMeIn, FLIR Systems, and Raytheon have major operations in the area. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_192

As a tourist destination, the hospitality industry has a significant presence in the regional economy. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_193

Among notable business ventures and innovations, Motel 6 was started in Santa Barbara in 1962. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_194

The Egg McMuffin was invented by Herb Peterson at the upper State Street McDonald's. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_195

The Habit hamburger restaurant began in Old Town Goleta near Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_196

Kinko's (now part of FedEx) started in Isla Vista, near UC Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_197

As of June 2018, southern Santa Barbara County had over half the county's total employment, with the largest employers being: Santa Barbara, California_sentence_198

Santa Barbara, California_table_general_1

#Santa Barbara, California_header_cell_1_0_0 EmployerSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_1_0_1 # of EmployeesSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_1_0_2 % of Total EmploymentSanta Barbara, California_header_cell_1_0_3
1Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_1_0 County of Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara, California_cell_1_1_1 4,600Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_1_2 5.13%Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_1_3
2Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_2_0 University of California, Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara, California_cell_1_2_1 4,300Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_2_2 4.80%Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_2_3
3Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_3_0 Cottage Health OrganizationSanta Barbara, California_cell_1_3_1 3,600Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_3_2 4.02%Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_3_3
4Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_4_0 Santa Barbara Unified School DistrictSanta Barbara, California_cell_1_4_1 1,400Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_4_2 1.56%Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_4_3
5Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_5_0 Santa Barbara City CollegeSanta Barbara, California_cell_1_5_1 1,193Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_5_2 1.33%Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_5_3
6Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_6_0 City of Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara, California_cell_1_6_1 1,037Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_6_2 1.16%Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_6_3
7Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_7_0 Raytheon Electronic SystemsSanta Barbara, California_cell_1_7_1 1,000Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_7_2 1.12%Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_7_3
8Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_8_0 Sansum Medical Foundation ClinicSanta Barbara, California_cell_1_8_1 1,000Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_8_2 1.12%Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_8_3
9Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_9_0 Santa Barbara County Education OfficeSanta Barbara, California_cell_1_9_1 875Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_9_2 0.96%Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_9_3
10Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_10_0 ProcoreSanta Barbara, California_cell_1_10_1 800Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_10_2 0.89%Santa Barbara, California_cell_1_10_3

Other major employers include Mission Linen Supply, Jordano's, Marborg Industries, the Santa Barbara Biltmore and San Ysidro Ranch, Westmont College, Mentor, CJ Affiliate, Beachfront Hilton Resort, Belmond El Encanto and QAD. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_199

Retail centers include the traditional downtown along lower State Street, which is also where Paseo Nuevo shopping center is located, and La Cumbre Plaza on upper State Street. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_200

Arts and culture Santa Barbara, California_section_16

Performing arts Santa Barbara, California_section_17

Santa Barbara contains numerous performing art venues, including the 2,000 seat Arlington Theatre, which is the largest indoor performance venue in Santa Barbara and site of the annual Santa Barbara International Film Festival. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_201

Other major venues include the Lobero Theatre, a historic building and favorite venue for small concerts; the Granada Theater, the tallest building downtown, originally built by contractor C.B. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_202

Urton in 1924, but with the theatre remodeled and reopened in March 2008; and the Santa Barbara Bowl, a 4,562 seat outdoor amphitheatre in a canyon at the base of the Riviera. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_203

The city is considered a haven for classical music lovers with a symphony orchestra, a professional , and many non-profit classical music groups (such as CAMA). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_204

The Music Academy of the West, located in Montecito, hosts an annual music festival in the summer, drawing renowned students and professionals. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_205

Tourist attractions Santa Barbara, California_section_18

Santa Barbara is a year-round tourist destination renowned for its fair weather, downtown beaches, and Spanish architecture. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_206

Tourism brings more than one billion dollars per year into the local economy, including $80 million in tax revenue. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_207

Mission Santa Barbara, "The Queen of the Missions," is located on a rise about two miles (3 km) inland from the harbor, and is an active Franciscan mission and place of worship, sightseeing stop, and national historic landmark. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_208

Annually over the Memorial Day weekend, there is a chalk-art festival known as I Madonnari, with ephemeral works of art created on the asphalt in front of the mission, and food stalls set up and music. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_209

The Santa Barbara County Courthouse, a red tiled Spanish-Moorish structure, provides a view of the downtown area from its open air tower. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_210

The Presidio of Santa Barbara, a Spanish military installation and chapel built in 1782, was central to the town's early development and colonial roots. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_211

In 1855, the Presidio Chapel, being in decay, grew into the Apostolic College of Our Lady of Sorrows, now Our Lady of Sorrows Church. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_212

The present church, consecrated on the 147th anniversary of the founding of the presidio on April 21, 1929, remains one of the most beautiful churches in California. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_213

The annual Fiesta (originally called "Old Spanish Days") is celebrated every year in August. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_214

The Fiesta is hosted by the Native Daughters of the Golden West and the Native Sons of the Golden West in a joint committee called the Fiesta Board. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_215

Fiesta was originally started as a tourist attraction, like the Rose Bowl, to draw business into the town in the 1920s. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_216

Flower Girls and Las Señoritas march and participate in both Fiesta Pequeña (the kickoff of Fiesta) and the various parades. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_217

Flower Girls is for girls under 13. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_218

They throw roses and other flowers into the crowds. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_219

Las Señoritas are their older escorts. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_220

Many Señoritas join the Native Daughters at the age of 16. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_221

The annual Santa Barbara French Festival takes place Bastille Day weekend in July. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_222

This is the largest French Festival in the western United States. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_223

New Noise Music Conference and Festival, established in 2009, is a 4-day event with the main party in the Funk Zone, a small art and wine tasting section of the city near the beach, and other small bands to local venues around the city. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_224

New Noise brings in over 75 bands and 50 speakers to the festival each year. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_225

For over 40 years, the Santa Barbara Arts and Crafts Show has been held on Cabrillo Boulevard, east of Stearns Wharf and along the beach, attracting thousands of people to see artwork made by artists and crafts people that live in Santa Barbara county. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_226

By the rules of the show, all the works displayed must have been made by the artists and craftspeople themselves, who sell their own goods. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_227

The show started in the early 1960s, and now has over 200 booths on Sundays. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_228

The show is also held on some Saturdays that are national holidays, but not during inclement weather. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_229

The Santa Barbara International Film Festival, another local non-profit, draws over 50,000 attendees during what is usually Santa Barbara's slow season in late January. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_230

SBIFF hosts a wide variety of celebrities, premieres, panels and movies from around the world and runs for 10 days. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_231

The annual Summer Solstice Parade draws up to 100,000 people. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_232

It is a colorful themed parade put on by local residents, and follows a route along State Street for approximately one mile, ending at Alameda Park. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_233

Its main rule is that no written messages or banners with words are allowed. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_234

Floats and costumes vary from the whimsical to the outrageous; parties and street events take place throughout the weekend of the parade, the first weekend after the solstice. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_235

Surfing is a part of Santa Barbara culture. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_236

The late Bruce Brown's cult classic, The Endless Summer, put surfing on the map, and he was often seen around town prior to his passing in December 2017. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_237

Surfing legend Pat Curren and his son, three time world champion Tom Curren, as well as ten time world champion Kelly Slater, and other popular surfers such as Shaun Tompson, Jack Johnson and Chris Brown-deceased call Santa Barbara home. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_238

The Channel Islands block summer surf swells that come from the tropics or further south, the southern hemisphere. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_239

For these reasons Santa Barbara is viewed as a winter surf location. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_240

Other tourist-centered attractions include: Santa Barbara, California_sentence_241

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_1

Museums Santa Barbara, California_section_19

The Santa Barbara Museum of Art (SBMA), located on State Street, features nationally recognized collections and special exhibitions of international importance. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_242

Highlights of the Museum's permanent collection include antiquities; 19th-century French, British, and American art; 20th-century and contemporary European, North American, and Latin American art; Asian art; photography; and works on paper. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_243

It has an education program that serves local and surrounding communities through extensive on-site programming and curriculum resources. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_244

(MCASB), located on the top floor of Paseo Nuevo shopping mall, is a non-profit, non-collecting museum dedicated to the exhibition, education, and cultivation of the arts of our time. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_245

It offers free admission to its exhibitions and public programming. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_246

Other art venues include the University Art Museum on the University of California at Santa Barbara Campus, various private galleries, and a wide variety of art and photography shows. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_247

The Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History is located immediately behind the Santa Barbara Mission in a complex of Mission-style buildings set in a park-like campus. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_248

The Museum offers indoor and outdoor exhibits and a state-of-the-art planetarium. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_249

The Santa Barbara Historical Museum is located on De La Guerra Street. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_250

The Santa Barbara Maritime Museum is located at 113 Harbor Way (the former Naval Reserve Center Santa Barbara) on the waterfront. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_251

The Karpeles Manuscript Library Museum (free admission) houses a collection of historical documents and manuscripts. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_252

Two open air museums here are Lotusland and Casa del Herrero, exemplifying the American Country Place era in Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_253

Casa Dolores, center for the popular arts of Mexico, is devoted to the collection, preservation, study, and exhibition of an extensive variety of objects of the popular arts of Mexico. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_254

The is a three-story museum and gallery operated by Young America's Foundation, next to the Amtrak Station on Lower State Street. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_255

Its focus is the history of the Rancho del Cielo and the role it played in Ronald Reagan's life. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_256

Sports Santa Barbara, California_section_20

Prominent sports in Santa Barbara include the UC Santa Barbara Gauchos. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_257

The Gauchos field 20 varsity teams in NCAA Division I, most of which play in the Big West Conference. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_258

The most popular teams include the men's soccer team, which averages over 3,800 fans per game, and the men's basketball team, which averages over 2,300 fans per game. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_259

Santa Barbara annually hosts the Semana Nautica Summer Sports Festival. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_260

One of the main events of the festival is the Semana Nautica 15K, the oldest continuously running race on California's central coast. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_261

Parks and recreation Santa Barbara, California_section_21

Santa Barbara has many parks, ranging from small spaces within the urban environment to large, semi-wilderness areas that remain within the city limits. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_262

Some notable parks within the city limits are as follows: Santa Barbara, California_sentence_263

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_2

Some notable parks and open spaces just outside the city limits include: Santa Barbara, California_sentence_264

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_3

In addition to these parks, there are other hiking trails in Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_265

A 6–7 mile hike from Gaviota State Park traverses the mountains with an ocean view. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_266

Government Santa Barbara, California_section_22

In 2015, the city council voted to change from at-large elections to district elections for city council seats. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_267

All of Santa Barbara County falls into California's 24th congressional district. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_268

The district has a slight lean to the Democratic Party, with a PVI of D+4, making it more politically moderate than California overall. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_269

The current Representative is Salud Carbajal. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_270

Education Santa Barbara, California_section_23

Colleges and universities Santa Barbara, California_section_24

Santa Barbara and the immediately adjacent area is home to several colleges and universities: Santa Barbara, California_sentence_271

Research university Santa Barbara, California_section_25

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_4

Liberal arts colleges Santa Barbara, California_section_26

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_5

Community college Santa Barbara, California_section_27

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_6

Trade schools Santa Barbara, California_section_28

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_7

Conservatory Santa Barbara, California_section_29

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_8

Non-research graduate schools Santa Barbara, California_section_30

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_9

High schools Santa Barbara, California_section_31

Secondary and Primary School students go to the Santa Barbara and Hope district schools. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_272

There is also a variety of private schools in the area. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_273

The following schools are on the south coast of Santa Barbara County, including the cities of Santa Barbara, Goleta, Carpinteria, and contiguous unincorporated areas. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_274

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_10

  • The Anacapa School, 7–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_54
  • San Marcos High School, 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_55
  • Dos Pueblos High School, 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_56
  • Dos Pueblos Continuation High School, 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_57
  • , 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_58
  • Las Alturas Continuation High School, 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_59
  • La Cuesta/Pathfinders Continuation High School, 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_60
  • San Marcos Continuation High School, 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_61
  • Santa Barbara High School, 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_62
  • Laguna Blanca School K-12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_63
  • Bishop Garcia Diego High School, 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_64
  • Cate School, 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_65
  • Santa Barbara, California_item_10_66
  • Carpinteria High School, 9–12Santa Barbara, California_item_10_67
  • Rincon/Foothill High School, 9–12 (CUSD)Santa Barbara, California_item_10_68

Junior high/middle schools Santa Barbara, California_section_32

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_11

  • Carpinteria Middle School, 6–8 (CUSD)Santa Barbara, California_item_11_69
  • Community Day School, 7–8Santa Barbara, California_item_11_70
  • Crane Country Day School, K-8Santa Barbara, California_item_11_71
  • Goleta Valley Junior High School, 7–8Santa Barbara, California_item_11_72
  • La Colina Junior High School, 7–8Santa Barbara, California_item_11_73
  • La Cumbre Junior High School, 7–8Santa Barbara, California_item_11_74
  • , JK-8Santa Barbara, California_item_11_75
  • Santa Barbara Junior High School, 7–8Santa Barbara, California_item_11_76
  • Santa Barbara Middle School, 6–9Santa Barbara, California_item_11_77
  • , Pre-K to 8Santa Barbara, California_item_11_78
  • , K-8Santa Barbara, California_item_11_79

K-12 Santa Barbara, California_section_33

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_12

  • Providence Santa Barbara (formerly known as Santa Barbara Christian School K-8)Santa Barbara, California_item_12_80

Media Santa Barbara, California_section_34

Print and television Santa Barbara, California_section_35

Santa Barbara has two adjudicated, general circulation newspapers: Santa Barbara, California_sentence_275

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_13

The following TV stations broadcast in Santa Barbara Market Area: Santa Barbara, California_sentence_276

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_14

Radio Santa Barbara, California_section_36

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_15

Some Los Angeles radio stations can be heard, although somewhat faintly due to the 85-mile (137 km) distance. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_277

Santa Monica-based NPR radio station KCRW can be heard in Santa Barbara at 106.9 MHz, and San Luis Obispo-based NPR station KCBX at 89.5 FM and 90.9 FM. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_278

The California Lutheran University operated NPR station KCLU (102.3 FM, 1340 AM) based in Thousand Oaks in Ventura County also serves Santa Barbara and has reporters covering the city. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_279

The only non-commercial radio station based in Santa Barbara is KCSB-FM (91.9 FM), owned by the University of California, Santa Barbara, which uses it as part of its educational mission. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_280

Transportation Santa Barbara, California_section_37

Santa Barbara is bisected by U.S. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_281 Route 101, an automotive transportation corridor that links the city to the rest of the Central Coast region, San Francisco to the north, and Los Angeles to the southeast. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_282

Santa Barbara Municipal Airport offers commercial air service. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_283

Santa Barbara Aviation provides locally based private jet charter aircraft. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_284

Amtrak offers rail service through the Coast Starlight and Pacific Surfliner trains at the train station on State Street. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_285

The Santa Barbara Metropolitan Transit District (MTD) provides local bus service across the city, and Greyhound bus stations are located downtown. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_286

Electric shuttles operated by MTD ferry tourists and shoppers up and down lower State Street and to the wharf. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_287

Santa Barbara has an extensive network of and other resources for cyclists, and the League of American Bicyclists recognizes Santa Barbara as a Silver Level city. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_288

Ventura Intercity Service Transit Authority (VISTA) bus service offers connections south to Ventura and west to Goleta. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_289

The bus offers connections to Lompoc and Santa Maria. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_290

offers service to LAX from Santa Barbara and Goleta. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_291

In addition, promotes visiting and exploring the area without use of a car. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_292

Often chosen as a winter training location for professional cycling teams and snowbirds alike, Santa Barbara has many cycling routes and several notable climbs, including Gibraltar Road and Old San Marcos/Painted Cave. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_293

A bike path and route also connects the University of California, Santa Barbara to the downtown area, passing through Goleta and Hope Ranch. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_294

Bike rentals are a way for tourists to view Santa Barbara and the surrounding area. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_295

In 2009, the Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta metropolitan statistical area (MSA) ranked as the sixth highest in the United States for percentage of commuters who biked to work (4 percent). Santa Barbara, California_sentence_296

From 1875 until 1929, a tramway existed in Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_297

Sister cities Santa Barbara, California_section_38

Santa Barbara's sister cities are: Santa Barbara, California_sentence_298

In popular culture Santa Barbara, California_section_39

My Favorite Martian was filmed on location in Santa Barbara]]. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_299

Santa Barbara is mentioned by Dr. Joe Early in the Emergency! Santa Barbara, California_sentence_300

episode episode season 5 episode 5 "The Inspection. Santa Barbara, California_sentence_301

Notable people Santa Barbara, California_section_40

Main article: List of people from Santa Barbara, California Santa Barbara, California_sentence_302

See also Santa Barbara, California_section_41

Santa Barbara, California_unordered_list_16

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Barbara, California.