Santa Monica, California

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"Santa Monica" redirects here. Santa Monica, California_sentence_0

For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). Santa Monica, California_sentence_1

Santa Monica, California_table_infobox_0

Santa Monica, CaliforniaSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_0_0
CountrySanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_1_0 United StatesSanta Monica, California_cell_0_1_1
StateSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_2_0 CaliforniaSanta Monica, California_cell_0_2_1
CountySanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_3_0 Los AngelesSanta Monica, California_cell_0_3_1
Spanish encampmentSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_4_0 August 3, 1769Santa Monica, California_cell_0_4_1
IncorporatedSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_5_0 November 30, 1886Santa Monica, California_cell_0_5_1
Named forSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_6_0 Saint MonicaSanta Monica, California_cell_0_6_1
GovernmentSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_7_0
TypeSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_8_0 Council–managerSanta Monica, California_cell_0_8_1
MayorSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_9_0 Kevin McKeown (D)Santa Monica, California_cell_0_9_1
AreaSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_10_0
TotalSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_11_0 16.00 sq mi (41.43 km)Santa Monica, California_cell_0_11_1
LandSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_12_0 8.41 sq mi (21.80 km)Santa Monica, California_cell_0_12_1
WaterSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_13_0 7.58 sq mi (19.64 km)Santa Monica, California_cell_0_13_1
ElevationSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_14_0 105 ft (32 m)Santa Monica, California_cell_0_14_1
Population (2010)Santa Monica, California_header_cell_0_15_0
TotalSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_16_0 89,736Santa Monica, California_cell_0_16_1
Estimate (2019)Santa Monica, California_header_cell_0_17_0 90,401Santa Monica, California_cell_0_17_1
RankSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_18_0 89th in CaliforniaSanta Monica, California_cell_0_18_1
DensitySanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_19_0 10,742.84/sq mi (4,147.77/km)Santa Monica, California_cell_0_19_1
Time zoneSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_20_0 UTC−8 (Pacific)Santa Monica, California_cell_0_20_1
Summer (DST)Santa Monica, California_header_cell_0_21_0 UTC−7 (PDT)Santa Monica, California_cell_0_21_1
ZIP CodesSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_22_0 90401–90411Santa Monica, California_cell_0_22_1
Area codesSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_23_0 310/424Santa Monica, California_cell_0_23_1
FIPS codeSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_24_0 Santa Monica, California_cell_0_24_1
GNIS feature IDsSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_25_0 ,Santa Monica, California_cell_0_25_1
WebsiteSanta Monica, California_header_cell_0_26_0 Q47164#P856Santa Monica, California_cell_0_26_1

Santa Monica (Spanish for 'Saint Monica') is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California, United States. Santa Monica, California_sentence_2

Situated on Santa Monica Bay, it is bordered on five sides by different neighborhoods of the city of Los Angeles: Pacific Palisades to the north, Brentwood on the northeast, West Los Angeles on the east, Mar Vista on the southeast, and Venice on the south. Santa Monica, California_sentence_3

The 2010 U.S. Santa Monica, California_sentence_4 Census population was 89,736. Santa Monica, California_sentence_5

Due to a favorable climate and close proximity to Los Angeles, Santa Monica became a famed resort town by the early 20th century attracting many celebrities, like Marion Davies, to build magnificent beach front homes on Roosevelt Highway (AKA Pacific Coast Highway (PCH)). Santa Monica, California_sentence_6

The city has experienced a boom since the late 1980s through the revitalization of its downtown core, significant job growth and increased tourism. Santa Monica, California_sentence_7

Popular tourists sites include Pacific Park on the Santa Monica Pier and Palisades Park atop a bluff over the Pacific Ocean. Santa Monica, California_sentence_8

Santa Monica's environmental and sustainability strategies are focused on community-wide carbon neutrality by 2050 or sooner. Santa Monica, California_sentence_9

History Santa Monica, California_section_0

Geography Santa Monica, California_section_1

The city of Santa Monica rests on a mostly flat slope that angles down towards Ocean Avenue and towards the south. Santa Monica, California_sentence_10

High bluffs separate the north side of the city from the beaches. Santa Monica, California_sentence_11

Santa Monica borders the L.A. neighborhoods of Pacific Palisades to the north and Venice to the south. Santa Monica, California_sentence_12

To the west, Santa Monica has the 3-mile coastline fronting the Santa Monica Bay, and to the east of the city borders are the Los Angeles communities of West Los Angeles and Brentwood. Santa Monica, California_sentence_13

Climate Santa Monica, California_section_2

Santa Monica has a coastal Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb). Santa Monica, California_sentence_14

Santa Monica enjoys an average of 310 days of sunshine a year. Santa Monica, California_sentence_15

It is in USDA plant hardiness zone 10a. Santa Monica, California_sentence_16

Because of its location, nestled on the vast and open Santa Monica Bay, morning fog is a common phenomenon in May, June, July and early August (caused by ocean temperature variations and currents). Santa Monica, California_sentence_17

Like other inhabitants of the greater Los Angeles area, residents have a particular terminology for this phenomenon: the "May Gray", the "June Gloom" and even “Fogust”. Santa Monica, California_sentence_18

Overcast skies are common during June mornings, but usually the strong sun burns the fog off by noon. Santa Monica, California_sentence_19

In the late winter/early summer, daily fog is a phenomenon too. Santa Monica, California_sentence_20

It happens suddenly and it may last some hours or past sunset time. Santa Monica, California_sentence_21

Nonetheless, it will sometimes stay cloudy and cool all day during June, even as other parts of the Los Angeles area enjoy sunny skies and warmer temperatures. Santa Monica, California_sentence_22

At times, the sun can be shining east of 20th Street, while the beach area is overcast. Santa Monica, California_sentence_23

As a general rule, the beach temperature is from 5 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit (3 to 6 degrees Celsius) cooler than it is inland during summer days, and 5–10 degrees warmer during winter nights. Santa Monica, California_sentence_24

It is also in September highest temperatures tend to be reached. Santa Monica, California_sentence_25

It is winter, however, when the hot, dry winds of the Santa Anas are most common. Santa Monica, California_sentence_26

In contrast, temperatures exceeding 10 degrees below average are rare. Santa Monica, California_sentence_27

The rainy season is from late October through late March. Santa Monica, California_sentence_28

Winter storms usually approach from the northwest and pass quickly through the Southland. Santa Monica, California_sentence_29

There is very little rain during the rest of the year. Santa Monica, California_sentence_30

Yearly rainfall totals are unpredictable as rainy years are occasionally followed by droughts. Santa Monica, California_sentence_31

There has never been any snow or frost, but there has been hail. Santa Monica, California_sentence_32

Santa Monica usually enjoys cool breezes blowing in from the ocean, which tend to keep the air fresh and clean. Santa Monica, California_sentence_33

Therefore, smog is less of a problem for Santa Monica than elsewhere around Los Angeles. Santa Monica, California_sentence_34

However, in the autumn months of September through November, the Santa Ana winds will sometimes blow from the east, bringing smoggy and hot inland air to the beaches. Santa Monica, California_sentence_35

Environment Santa Monica, California_section_3

The city first proposed its Sustainable City Plan in 1992 and in 1994, was one of the first cities in the nation to formally adopt a comprehensive sustainability plan, setting waste reduction and water conservation policies for both public and private sector through its Office of Sustainability and the Environment. Santa Monica, California_sentence_36

Eighty-two percent of the city's public works vehicles run on alternative fuels, including most of the municipal bus system, making it among the largest such fleets in the country. Santa Monica, California_sentence_37

Santa Monica fleet vehicles and buses source their natural gas from Redeem, a Southern California-based supplier of renewable and sustainable natural gas obtained from non-fracked methane biogas generated from organic landfill waste. Santa Monica, California_sentence_38

Santa Monica adopted a Community Energy Independence Initiative, with a goal of achieving complete energy independence by 2020 (vs. California's already ambitious 33% renewables goal). Santa Monica, California_sentence_39

The city exceeded that aspiration when, in February 2019, it switched over to electricity from the Clean Power Alliance, with a citywide default of 100% renewably sourced energy. Santa Monica, California_sentence_40

That same year, the Santa Monica City Council adopted a Climate Action and Adaptation Plan aimed at achieving an 80% cut in carbon emissions by 2030, and reaching community-wide carbon neutrality by 2050 or sooner. Santa Monica, California_sentence_41

An urban runoff facility (SMURFF), the first of its kind in the US, catches and treats 3.5 million US gallons (13,000 m) of water each week that would otherwise flow into the bay via storm-drains and sells it back to end-users within the city for reuse as gray-water, while bioswales throughout the city allow rainwater to percolate into and replenish the groundwater. Santa Monica, California_sentence_42

The groundwater supply plays an important role in the city's Sustainable Water Master Plan, whereby Santa Monica has set a goal of attaining 100% water independence by 2020. Santa Monica, California_sentence_43

The city has numerous programs designed to promote water conservation among residents, including a rebate for those who convert lawns to drought-tolerant gardens that require less water. Santa Monica, California_sentence_44

Santa Monica has also instituted a green building-code whereby merely constructing to code automatically renders a building equivalent to the US Green Building Council's LEED Silver standards. Santa Monica, California_sentence_45

The city's Main Library is one of many LEED certified or LEED equivalent buildings in the city. Santa Monica, California_sentence_46

It is built over a 200,000 gallon cistern that collects filtered stormwater from the roof. Santa Monica, California_sentence_47

The water is used for landscape irrigation. Santa Monica, California_sentence_48

Since 2009, Santa Monica has been developing the Zero Waste Strategic Operations Plan by which the city will set a goal of diverting at least 95% of all waste away from landfills, and toward recycling and composting, by 2030. Santa Monica, California_sentence_49

The plan includes a food waste composting program, which diverts 3 million pounds of restaurant food waste away from landfills annually. Santa Monica, California_sentence_50

Currently, 77% of all solid waste produced citywide is diverted from landfills. Santa Monica, California_sentence_51

The city is also in the process of implementing a 5-year and 20 year Bike Action Plan with a goal of attaining 14 to 35% bicycle transportation mode share by 2030 through the installation of enhanced bicycle infrastructure throughout the city. Santa Monica, California_sentence_52

Other environmentally focused initiatives include curbside recycling, curbside composting bins (in addition to trash, yard-waste, and recycle bins), farmers' markets, community gardens, garden-share, an urban forest initiative, a hazardous materials home-collection service, and a green business certification. Santa Monica, California_sentence_53

Demographics Santa Monica, California_section_4

Santa Monica's population has grown from 417 in 1880 to 89,736 in 2010. Santa Monica, California_sentence_54

2010 Santa Monica, California_section_5

The 2010 United States Census reported Santa Monica had a population of 89,736. Santa Monica, California_sentence_55

The population density was 10,662.6 people per square mile (4,116.9/km). Santa Monica, California_sentence_56

The racial makeup of Santa Monica was 69,663 (77.6%) White (70.1% Non-Hispanic White), 3,526 (3.9%) African American, 338 (0.4%) Native American, 8,053 (9.0%) Asian, 124 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 4,047 (4.5%) from other races, and 3,985 (4.4%) from two or more races. Santa Monica, California_sentence_57

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,716 persons (13.1%), with Mexican Americans, Spanish Americans, and Argentine Americans making up 64.2%, 6.4%, and 4.7% of the Hispanic population respectively. Santa Monica, California_sentence_58

The Census reported 87,610 people (97.6% of the population) lived in households, 1,299 (1.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 827 (0.9%) were institutionalized. Santa Monica, California_sentence_59

There were 46,917 households, out of which 7,835 (16.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,092 (27.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,510 (7.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,327 (2.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. Santa Monica, California_sentence_60

There were 2,867 (6.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 416 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Santa Monica, California_sentence_61

22,716 households (48.4%) were made up of individuals, and 5,551 (11.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Santa Monica, California_sentence_62

The average household size was 1.87. Santa Monica, California_sentence_63

There were 17,929 families (38.2% of all households); the average family size was 2.79. Santa Monica, California_sentence_64

The population was spread out, with 12,580 people (14.0%) under the age of 18, 6,442 people (7.2%) aged 18 to 24, 32,552 people (36.3%) aged 25 to 44, 24,746 people (27.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 13,416 people (15.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. Santa Monica, California_sentence_65

The median age was 40.4 years. Santa Monica, California_sentence_66

For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. Santa Monica, California_sentence_67

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. Santa Monica, California_sentence_68

There were 50,912 housing units at an average density of 6,049.5 per square mile (2,335.7/km), of which 13,315 (28.4%) were owner-occupied, and 33,602 (71.6%) were occupied by renters. Santa Monica, California_sentence_69

The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.1%. Santa Monica, California_sentence_70

30,067 people (33.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 57,543 people (64.1%) lived in rental housing units. Santa Monica, California_sentence_71

According to the 2010 United States Census, Santa Monica had a median household income of $73,649, with 11.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line. Santa Monica, California_sentence_72

2000 Santa Monica, California_section_6

As of the census of 2000, there were 84,084 people, 44,497 households, and 16,775 families in the city. Santa Monica, California_sentence_73

The population density was 10,178.7 inhabitants per square mile (3,930.4/km). Santa Monica, California_sentence_74

There were 47,863 housing units at an average density of 5,794.0 per square mile (2,237.3/km). Santa Monica, California_sentence_75

The racial makeup of the city was 78.29% White, 7.25% Asian, 3.78% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 5.97% from other races, and 4.13% from two or more races. Santa Monica, California_sentence_76

13.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Santa Monica, California_sentence_77

There were 44,497 households, out of which 15.8% had children under the age of 18, 27.5% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 62.3% were non-families. Santa Monica, California_sentence_78

51.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Santa Monica, California_sentence_79

The average household size was 1.83 and the average family size was 2.80. Santa Monica, California_sentence_80

The city of Santa Monica is consistently among the most educated cities in the United States, with 23.8 percent of all residents holding graduate degrees. Santa Monica, California_sentence_81

The population was diverse in age, with 14.6% under 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 40.1% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% 65 years or older. Santa Monica, California_sentence_82

The median age was 39 years. Santa Monica, California_sentence_83

For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. Santa Monica, California_sentence_84

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males. Santa Monica, California_sentence_85

According to a 2009 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $71,095, and the median income for a family was $109,410. Santa Monica, California_sentence_86

Males had a median income of $55,689 versus $42,948 for females. Santa Monica, California_sentence_87

The per capita income for the city was $42,874. Santa Monica, California_sentence_88

10.4% of the population and 5.4% of families were below the poverty line. Santa Monica, California_sentence_89

Out of the total population, 9.9% of those under the age of 18 and 10.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Santa Monica, California_sentence_90

Crime Santa Monica, California_section_7

In 2006, crime in Santa Monica affected 4.41% of the population, slightly lower than the national average crime rate that year of 4.48%. Santa Monica, California_sentence_91

The majority of this was property crime, which affected 3.74% of Santa Monica's population in 2006; this was higher than the rates for Los Angeles County (2.76%) and California (3.17%), but lower than the national average (3.91%). Santa Monica, California_sentence_92

These per-capita crime rates are computed based on Santa Monica's full-time population of about 85,000. Santa Monica, California_sentence_93

However, the Santa Monica Police Department has suggested the actual per-capita crime rate is much lower, as tourists, workers, and beachgoers can increase the city's daytime population to between 250,000 and 450,000 people. Santa Monica, California_sentence_94

Violent crimes affected 0.67% of the population in Santa Monica in 2006, in line with Los Angeles County (0.65%), but higher than the averages for California (0.53%) and the nation (0.55%). Santa Monica, California_sentence_95

Hate crime has typically been minimal in Santa Monica, with only one reported incident in 2007. Santa Monica, California_sentence_96

However, the city experienced a spike of anti-Islamic hate crime in 2001, following the attacks of September 11. Santa Monica, California_sentence_97

Hate crime levels returned to their minimal 2000 levels by 2002. Santa Monica, California_sentence_98

In 2006, Santa Monica voters passed "Measure Y" with a 65% majority, which moved the issuance of citations for marijuana smoking to the bottom of the police priority list. Santa Monica, California_sentence_99

A 2009 study by the Santa Monica Daily Press showed since the law took effect in 2007, the Santa Monica Police had "not issued any citations for offenses involving the adult, personal use of marijuana inside private residences." Santa Monica, California_sentence_100

Gang activity Santa Monica, California_section_8

The Pico neighborhood of Santa Monica (south of the Santa Monica Freeway) experiences some gang activity. Santa Monica, California_sentence_101

The city estimates there are about 50 gang members based in Santa Monica, although some community organizers dispute this claim. Santa Monica, California_sentence_102

Gang activity has been prevalent for decades in the Pico neighborhood. Santa Monica, California_sentence_103

In October 1998, alleged Culver City 13 gang member Omar Sevilla, 21, of Culver City was killed. Santa Monica, California_sentence_104

A couple of hours after the shooting of Sevilla, German tourist Horst Fietze was killed. Santa Monica, California_sentence_105

Several days later Juan Martin Campos, age 23, a Santa Monica city employee, was shot and killed. Santa Monica, California_sentence_106

Police believe this was a retaliatory killing in response to the death of Omar Sevilla. Santa Monica, California_sentence_107

Less than twenty-four hours later, Javier Cruz was wounded in a drive-by shooting outside his home on 17th and Michigan. Santa Monica, California_sentence_108

In 1999, there was a double homicide in the Westside Clothing store on Lincoln Boulevard. Santa Monica, California_sentence_109

During the incident, Culver City gang members David "Puppet" Robles and Jesse "Psycho" Garcia entered the store masked and began opening fire, killing Anthony and Michael Juarez. Santa Monica, California_sentence_110

They then ran outside to a getaway vehicle driven by a third Culver City gang member, who is now also in custody. Santa Monica, California_sentence_111

The clothing store was believed to be a local hang out for Santa Monica gang members. Santa Monica, California_sentence_112

The dead included two men from Northern California who had merely been visiting the store's owner, their cousin, to see if they could open a similar store in their area. Santa Monica, California_sentence_113

Police say the incident was in retaliation for a shooting committed by the Santa Monica 13 gang days before the Juarez brothers were gunned down. Santa Monica, California_sentence_114

Aside from the rivalry with the Culver City gang, gang members also feud with the Venice and West Los Angeles gangs. Santa Monica, California_sentence_115

The main rivals in these regions include Venice 13, Graveyard Gangster Crips, Hell's Bandidos and Venice Shoreline Crips gangs in the Oakwood area of Venice, California. Santa Monica, California_sentence_116

Economy Santa Monica, California_section_9

Arts and culture Santa Monica, California_section_10

Music and arts venues Santa Monica, California_section_11

The Santa Monica Looff Hippodrome (carousel) is a National Historic Landmark. Santa Monica, California_sentence_117

It sits on the Santa Monica Pier, which was built in 1909. Santa Monica, California_sentence_118

The La Monica Ballroom on the pier was once the largest ballroom in the US and the source for many New Year's Eve national network broadcasts. Santa Monica, California_sentence_119

The Santa Monica Civic Auditorium was an important music venue for several decades and hosted the Academy Awards in the 1960s. Santa Monica, California_sentence_120

McCabe's Guitar Shop is a leading acoustic performance space as well as retail outlet. Santa Monica, California_sentence_121

The Santa Monica Playhouse is a popular theater in the city. Santa Monica, California_sentence_122

Bergamot Station is a city-owned art gallery compound that includes the Santa Monica Museum of Art. Santa Monica, California_sentence_123

The city is also home to the California Heritage Museum and the Angels Attic dollhouse and toy museum. Santa Monica, California_sentence_124

The New West Symphony is the resident orchestra of Barnum Hall. Santa Monica, California_sentence_125

They are also resident orchestra of the Oxnard Performing Arts Center and the Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza. Santa Monica, California_sentence_126

Shopping districts Santa Monica, California_section_12

Santa Monica has three main shopping districts: Montana Avenue on the north side, the Downtown District in the city's core, and Main Street on the south end. Santa Monica, California_sentence_127

Each has its own unique feel and personality. Santa Monica, California_sentence_128

Montana Avenue is a stretch of luxury boutique stores, restaurants, and small offices that generally features more upscale shopping. Santa Monica, California_sentence_129

The Main Street district offers an eclectic mix of clothing, restaurants, and other specialty retail. Santa Monica, California_sentence_130

Third Street Promenade Santa Monica, California_section_13

The Downtown District is the home of the Third Street Promenade, a major outdoor pedestrian-only shopping district that stretches for three blocks between Wilshire Blvd. Santa Monica, California_sentence_131

and Broadway (not the same Broadway in downtown and south Los Angeles). Santa Monica, California_sentence_132

Third Street is closed to vehicles for those three blocks to allow people to stroll, congregate, shop and enjoy street performers. Santa Monica, California_sentence_133

Santa Monica Place Santa Monica, California_section_14

Santa Monica Place, featuring Bloomingdale's and Nordstrom in a three-level outdoor environment, is at the Promenade's southern end. Santa Monica, California_sentence_134

After a period of redevelopment, the mall reopened in the fall of 2010 as a modern shopping, entertainment and dining complex with more outdoor space. Santa Monica, California_sentence_135

Santa Monica hosts the annual Santa Monica Film Festival. Santa Monica, California_sentence_136

The city's oldest movie theater is the Majestic. Santa Monica, California_sentence_137

Opened in 1912 and also known as the Mayfair Theatre, the theater, it has been closed since the 1994 Northridge earthquake. Santa Monica, California_sentence_138

The Aero Theater (now operated by the American Cinematheque) and Criterion Theater were built in the 1930s and still show movies. Santa Monica, California_sentence_139

The Santa Monica Promenade alone supports more than a dozen movie screens. Santa Monica, California_sentence_140

Public library system Santa Monica, California_section_15

The Santa Monica Public Library consists of a Main Library in the downtown area, plus four neighborhood branches: Fairview, Montana Avenue, Ocean Park, and Pico Boulevard. Santa Monica, California_sentence_141

Sports Santa Monica, California_section_16

See also: Sports in Los Angeles Santa Monica, California_sentence_142

The men's and women's marathon ran through parts of Santa Monica during the 1984 Summer Olympics. Santa Monica, California_sentence_143

The Santa Monica Track Club has many prominent track athletes, including many Olympic gold medalists. Santa Monica, California_sentence_144

Santa Monica is the home to Southern California Aquatics, which was founded by Olympic swimmer Clay Evans and Bonnie Adair. Santa Monica, California_sentence_145

Santa Monica is also home to the Santa Monica Rugby Club, a semi-professional team that competes in the Pacific Rugby Premiership, the highest-level rugby union club competition in the United States. Santa Monica, California_sentence_146

During the 2028 Summer Olympics. Santa Monica, California_sentence_147

Santa Monica will host beach volleyball and surfing. Santa Monica, California_sentence_148

Parks and recreation Santa Monica, California_section_17

Palisades Park stretches out along the crumbling bluffs overlooking the Pacific and is a favorite walking area to view the ocean. Santa Monica, California_sentence_149

It includes public art, a totem pole, camera obscura, benches, picnic areas, pétanque courts, and restrooms. Santa Monica, California_sentence_150

Tongva Park occupies 6 acres between Ocean Avenue and Main Street, just south of Colorado Avenue. Santa Monica, California_sentence_151

The park includes an overlook, amphitheater, playground, garden, fountains, picnic areas, and restrooms. Santa Monica, California_sentence_152

The Santa Monica Stairs, a long, steep staircase that leads from north of San Vicente down into Santa Monica Canyon, is a popular spot for outdoor workouts. Santa Monica, California_sentence_153

Some area residents have complained that the stairs have become too popular, and attract too many exercisers to the wealthy neighborhood of multimillion-dollar properties. Santa Monica, California_sentence_154

Government Santa Monica, California_section_18

Santa Monica is governed by the Santa Monica City Council, a Council-Manager governing body with seven members elected at-large. Santa Monica, California_sentence_155

The mayor is Kevin McKeown, and the Mayor Pro Tempore is Terry O'Day. Santa Monica, California_sentence_156

The other five current council members are Sue Himmelrich, Ted Winterer, Ana Maria Jara, Gleam Davis, and Greg Morena. Santa Monica, California_sentence_157

Representation Santa Monica, California_section_19

In the California State Legislature, Santa Monica is in the 26th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ben Allen, and in the 50th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Richard Bloom. Santa Monica, California_sentence_158

In the United States House of Representatives, Santa Monica is in California's 33rd congressional district, represented by Democrat Ted Lieu. Santa Monica, California_sentence_159

Politics Santa Monica, California_section_20

In recent years, Santa Monica has voted Democratic in presidential elections, with the Democrats winning over 70% of the vote in all five presidential elections since 2000. Santa Monica, California_sentence_160

The Republican party by contrast, failed to reach 25% of the vote in any of those elections, with both John McCain in 2008, and Donald Trump in 2016 failing to reach 20% of the vote. Santa Monica, California_sentence_161

The Libertarian Party has increased its share of the vote in each of the last four presidential elections. Santa Monica, California_sentence_162

Earning over 2% in the 2012 and 2016 elections, after failing to reach one percent in any of the three prior elections. Santa Monica, California_sentence_163

Education Santa Monica, California_section_21

Elementary and secondary schools Santa Monica, California_section_22

The Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District provides public education at the elementary and secondary levels. Santa Monica, California_sentence_164

In addition to the traditional model of early education school houses, SMASH (Santa Monica Alternative School House) is "a K-8 public school of choice with team teachers and multi-aged classrooms". Santa Monica, California_sentence_165

Elementary schools Santa Monica, California_section_23

The district maintains eight public elementary schools in Santa Monica: Santa Monica, California_sentence_166

Santa Monica, California_unordered_list_0

  • Edison Language AcademySanta Monica, California_item_0_0
  • Franklin Elementary SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_0_1
  • Grant Elementary SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_0_2
  • John Muir Elementary SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_0_3
  • McKinley Elementary SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_0_4
  • Santa Monica Alternative School House [SMASH]Santa Monica, California_item_0_5
  • Roosevelt Elementary SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_0_6
  • Will Rogers Learning CommunitySanta Monica, California_item_0_7

Middle schools Santa Monica, California_section_24

The district maintains three public middle schools in Santa Monica: John Adams Middle School, Lincoln Middle School and SMASH. Santa Monica, California_sentence_167

High schools Santa Monica, California_section_25

The district maintains three high schools in Santa Monica: Olympic High School, Malibu High School and Santa Monica High School. Santa Monica, California_sentence_168

Private schools Santa Monica, California_section_26

Private schools in the city include: Santa Monica, California_sentence_169

Santa Monica, California_unordered_list_1

  • Carlthorp SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_1_8
  • Santa Monica Montessori SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_1_9
  • Crossroads SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_1_10
  • Saint Monica Catholic Elementary SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_1_11
  • Concord High SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_1_12
  • Pacifica Christian High SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_1_13
  • Lighthouse Christian AcademySanta Monica, California_item_1_14
  • St. Anne Catholic SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_1_15
  • Saint Monica Catholic High SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_1_16
  • New Roads SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_1_17
  • PS1 Pluralistic SchoolSanta Monica, California_item_1_18

Miscellaneous education Santa Monica, California_section_27

Asahi Gakuen, a weekend Japanese supplementary school system, operates its Santa Monica campus (サンタモニカ校・高等部 Santamonika-kō kōtōbu) at Webster Middle in the Sawtelle neighborhood of Los Angeles. Santa Monica, California_sentence_170

All high school classes in the Asahi Gakuen system are held at the Santa Monica campus. Santa Monica, California_sentence_171

As of 1986, students take buses from as far away as Orange County to go to the high school classes of the Santa Monica campus. Santa Monica, California_sentence_172

Post-secondary Santa Monica, California_section_28

Santa Monica College is a community college founded in 1929. Santa Monica, California_sentence_173

Many SMC graduates transfer to the University of California system. Santa Monica, California_sentence_174

It occupies 35 acres (14 hectares) and enrolls 30,000 students annually. Santa Monica, California_sentence_175

The Frederick S. Pardee RAND Graduate School, associated with the RAND Corporation, is the U.S.'s largest producer of public policy PhDs. Santa Monica, California_sentence_176

The Art Institute of California – Los Angeles is also in Santa Monica near the Santa Monica Airport. Santa Monica, California_sentence_177

Universities and colleges within a 22-mile (35 km) radius from Santa Monica include Santa Monica College, Antioch University Los Angeles, Loyola Marymount University, Mount St. Mary's University, Pepperdine University, California State University, Northridge, California State University, Los Angeles, UCLA, USC, West Los Angeles College, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Occidental College (Oxy), Los Angeles City College, Los Angeles Southwest College, Los Angeles Valley College, and Emperor's College of Traditional Oriental Medicine. Santa Monica, California_sentence_178

Infrastructure Santa Monica, California_section_29

Transportation Santa Monica, California_section_30

Bicycles Santa Monica, California_section_31

Santa Monica has a bike action plan and launched a bicycle sharing system in November 2015. Santa Monica, California_sentence_179

The city is traversed by the Marvin Braude Bike Trail. Santa Monica, California_sentence_180

Santa Monica has received the Bicycle Friendly Community Award (Bronze in 2009, Silver in 2013) by the League of American Bicyclists. Santa Monica, California_sentence_181

Local bicycle advocacy organizations include Santa Monica Spoke, a local chapter of the Los Angeles County Bicycle Coalition. Santa Monica, California_sentence_182

Santa Monica is thought to be one of the leaders for bicycle infrastructure and programming in Los Angeles County although cycling infrastructure in Los Angeles County in general remains very poor compared to other major cities. Santa Monica, California_sentence_183

In terms of number of bicycle accidents, Santa Monica ranks as one of the worst (#2) out of 102 California cities with population 50,000–100,000, a ranking consistent with the city's composite ranking. Santa Monica, California_sentence_184

In 2007 and 2008, local police cracked down on Santa Monica Critical Mass rides that had become controversial, putting a damper on the tradition. Santa Monica, California_sentence_185

Scooters Santa Monica, California_section_32

In August 2018, Santa Monica issued permits to Bird, Lime, Lyft, and Jump Bikes to operate dockless scooter-sharing systems in the city. Santa Monica, California_sentence_186

Motorized vehicles Santa Monica, California_section_33

The Santa Monica Freeway (Interstate 10) begins in Santa Monica near the Pacific Ocean and heads east. Santa Monica, California_sentence_187

The Santa Monica Freeway between Santa Monica and downtown Los Angeles has the distinction of being one of the busiest highways in all of North America. Santa Monica, California_sentence_188

After traversing the Greater Los Angeles area, I-10 crosses seven more states, terminating at Jacksonville, Florida. Santa Monica, California_sentence_189

In Santa Monica, there is a road sign designating this route as the Christopher Columbus Transcontinental Highway. Santa Monica, California_sentence_190

State Route 2 (Santa Monica Boulevard) begins in Santa Monica, barely grazing State Route 1 at Lincoln Boulevard, and continues northeast across Los Angeles County, through the Angeles National Forest, crossing the San Gabriel Mountains as the Angeles Crest Highway, ending in Wrightwood. Santa Monica, California_sentence_191

Santa Monica is also the western terminus of Historic U.S. Route 66. Santa Monica, California_sentence_192

Close to the eastern boundary of Santa Monica, Sepulveda Boulevard reaches from Long Beach at the south, to the northern end of the San Fernando Valley. Santa Monica, California_sentence_193

Just east of Santa Monica is Interstate 405, the San Diego Freeway, a major north–south route in Los Angeles and Orange counties. Santa Monica, California_sentence_194

The City of Santa Monica has purchased the first ZeroTruck all-electric medium-duty truck. Santa Monica, California_sentence_195

The vehicle will be equipped with a Scelzi utility body, it is based on the Isuzu N series chassis, a UQM PowerPhase 100 advanced electric motor and is the only US built electric truck offered for sale in the United States in 2009. Santa Monica, California_sentence_196

Bus Santa Monica, California_section_34

The city of Santa Monica runs its own bus service, the Big Blue Bus, which also serves much of West Los Angeles and the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Santa Monica, California_sentence_197

A Big Blue Bus was featured prominently in the action movie Speed. Santa Monica, California_sentence_198

The city of Santa Monica is also served by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority's (Metro) bus lines. Santa Monica, California_sentence_199

Metro also complements Big Blue service, as when Big Blue routes are not operational overnight, Metro buses make many Big Blue Bus stops, in addition to MTA stops. Santa Monica, California_sentence_200

Light rail Santa Monica, California_section_35

Design and construction on the 6.6-mile extension (10.6 km) of the Expo Line from Culver City to Santa Monica started in September 2011, with service beginning on May 20, 2016. Santa Monica, California_sentence_201

Santa Monica Metro stations include 26th Street/Bergamot, 17th Street/Santa Monica College, and Downtown Santa Monica. Santa Monica, California_sentence_202

Travel time between the downtown Santa Monica and the downtown Los Angeles termini is approximately 47 minutes. Santa Monica, California_sentence_203

Historical aspects of the Expo line route are noteworthy. Santa Monica, California_sentence_204

It uses the former Los Angeles region's electric interurban Pacific Electric Railway's right-of-way that ran from the Exposition Park area of Los Angeles to Santa Monica. Santa Monica, California_sentence_205

This route was called the Santa Monica Air Line and provided electric-powered freight and passenger service between Los Angeles and Santa Monica beginning in the 1920s. Santa Monica, California_sentence_206

Passenger service was discontinued in 1953, but diesel-powered freight deliveries to warehouses along the route continued until March 11, 1988. Santa Monica, California_sentence_207

The abandonment of the line spurred future transportation considerations and concerns within the community, and the entire right-of-way was purchased from Southern Pacific by Los Angeles Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Santa Monica, California_sentence_208

The line was built in 1875 as the steam-powered Los Angeles and Independence Railroad to bring mining ore to ships in Santa Monica harbor and as a passenger excursion train to the beach. Santa Monica, California_sentence_209

Subway Santa Monica, California_section_36

Since the mid-1980s, various proposals have been made to extend the Purple Line subway to Santa Monica under Wilshire Boulevard. Santa Monica, California_sentence_210

There are no current plans to complete the "subway to the sea," an estimated $5 billion project. Santa Monica, California_sentence_211

Airport and ports Santa Monica, California_section_37

The city owns and operates a general aviation airport, Santa Monica Airport, which has been the site of several important aviation achievements. Santa Monica, California_sentence_212

Commercial flights are available for residents at LAX, a few miles south of Santa Monica. Santa Monica, California_sentence_213

Like other cities in Los Angeles County, Santa Monica is dependent upon the Port of Long Beach and the Port of Los Angeles for international ship cargo. Santa Monica, California_sentence_214

In the 1890s, Santa Monica was once in competition with Wilmington, California, and San Pedro for recognition as the "Port of Los Angeles" (see History of Santa Monica, California). Santa Monica, California_sentence_215

Emergency services Santa Monica, California_section_38

Two major hospitals are within the Santa Monica city limits, UCLA Santa Monica Hospital and St. John's Hospital. Santa Monica, California_sentence_216

There are four fire stations providing medical and fire response within the city staffed with 6 Paramedic Engines, 1 Truck company, 1 Hazardous Materials team and 1 Urban Search & Rescue team. Santa Monica, California_sentence_217

Santa Monica Fire Department has its own Dispatch Center. Santa Monica, California_sentence_218

Ambulance transportation is provided by McCormick Ambulance Services. Santa Monica, California_sentence_219

Law enforcement services is provided by the Santa Monica Police Department Santa Monica, California_sentence_220

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Simms/Mann Health and Wellness Center in Santa Monica. Santa Monica, California_sentence_221

The Department's West Area Health Office is in the Simms/Mann Center. Santa Monica, California_sentence_222

Internet services Santa Monica, California_section_39

Santa Monica has a municipal wireless network which provides several free city Wi-Fi hotspots distributed around the city. Santa Monica, California_sentence_223

Notable people Santa Monica, California_section_40

In popular culture Santa Monica, California_section_41

Sister cities Santa Monica, California_section_42

Santa Monica, California_unordered_list_2

See also Santa Monica, California_section_43

Santa Monica, California_unordered_list_3

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Monica, California.