Sapporo

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

For other uses, see Sapporo (disambiguation). Sapporo_sentence_0

Sapporo_table_infobox_0

Sapporo

札幌市Sapporo_header_cell_0_0_0

CountrySapporo_header_cell_0_1_0 JapanSapporo_cell_0_1_1
RegionSapporo_header_cell_0_2_0 HokkaidoSapporo_cell_0_2_1
PrefectureSapporo_header_cell_0_3_0 Hokkaido (Ishikari Subprefecture)Sapporo_cell_0_3_1
GovernmentSapporo_header_cell_0_4_0
MayorSapporo_header_cell_0_5_0 Katsuhiro AkimotoSapporo_cell_0_5_1
Vice MayorSapporo_header_cell_0_6_0 Katsuhiro AkimotoSapporo_cell_0_6_1
AreaSapporo_header_cell_0_7_0
TotalSapporo_header_cell_0_8_0 1,121.26 km (432.92 sq mi)Sapporo_cell_0_8_1
Population (Feb 1, 2020)Sapporo_header_cell_0_9_0
TotalSapporo_header_cell_0_10_0 1,970,277Sapporo_cell_0_10_1
DensitySapporo_header_cell_0_11_0 1,800/km (4,600/sq mi)Sapporo_cell_0_11_1
Time zoneSapporo_header_cell_0_12_0 UTC+09:00 (JST)Sapporo_cell_0_12_1
City hall addressSapporo_header_cell_0_13_0 2-1-1 Kita-ichijō-nishi, Chūō-ku, Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido

060-8611Sapporo_cell_0_13_1

WebsiteSapporo_header_cell_0_14_0 Sapporo_cell_0_14_1
SymbolsBirdCommon cuckooFlowerLily of the valleyTreeLilacSapporo_cell_0_15_0
BirdSapporo_header_cell_0_16_0 Common cuckooSapporo_cell_0_16_1
FlowerSapporo_header_cell_0_17_0 Lily of the valleySapporo_cell_0_17_1
TreeSapporo_header_cell_0_18_0 LilacSapporo_cell_0_18_1

Sapporo_table_infobox_1

SapporoSapporo_header_cell_1_0_0
Japanese nameSapporo_header_cell_1_1_0
KanjiSapporo_header_cell_1_2_0 札幌Sapporo_cell_1_2_1
HiraganaSapporo_header_cell_1_3_0 さっぽろSapporo_cell_1_3_1
KatakanaSapporo_header_cell_1_4_0 サッポロSapporo_cell_1_4_1
TranscriptionsRomanizationSapporoSapporo_cell_1_5_0
TranscriptionsSapporo_header_cell_1_6_0
RomanizationSapporo_header_cell_1_7_0 SapporoSapporo_cell_1_7_1

Sapporo (札幌市, Sapporo-shi) is the fifth largest city in Japan, and the largest city on the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido. Sapporo_sentence_1

It is the capital city of Hokkaido Prefecture and Ishikari Subprefecture. Sapporo_sentence_2

Sapporo lies in the southwest of Hokkaido, within the alluvial fan of the Toyohira River, which is a tributary stream of the Ishikari. Sapporo_sentence_3

Sapporo is considered the cultural, economical, and political center of Hokkaido. Sapporo_sentence_4

As with most of Hokkaido, the Sapporo area was settled by the indigenous Ainu people, beginning over 15,000 years ago. Sapporo_sentence_5

Starting in the late 19th century, Sapporo saw increasing settlement by Japanese migrants. Sapporo_sentence_6

Sapporo hosted the 1972 Winter Olympics, the first Winter Olympics ever held in Asia, and the second Olympic games held in Japan after the 1964 Summer Olympics. Sapporo_sentence_7

The Sapporo Dome hosted three games during the 2002 FIFA World Cup and two games during the 2019 Rugby World Cup. Sapporo_sentence_8

The annual Sapporo Snow Festival draws more than 2 million tourists from abroad. Sapporo_sentence_9

Other notable sites include the Sapporo Beer Museum, which is the only beer museum in Japan, and the Sapporo TV Tower located in Odori Park. Sapporo_sentence_10

It is home to Hokkaido University, just north of Sapporo Station. Sapporo_sentence_11

The city is served by Okadama Airport, and New Chitose Airport in nearby Chitose. Sapporo_sentence_12

Etymology Sapporo_section_0

Sapporo's name was taken from Ainuic "sat poro pet" (サッ・ポロ・ペッ), which can be translated as the "dry, great river", a reference to the Toyohira River. Sapporo_sentence_13

History Sapporo_section_1

Early history Sapporo_section_2

Before its establishment, the area occupied by Sapporo (known as the Ishikari Plain) was home to a number of indigenous Ainu settlements. Sapporo_sentence_14

In 1866, at the end of the Edo period, construction began on a canal through the area, encouraging a number of early settlers to establish Sapporo village. Sapporo_sentence_15

In 1868, the officially recognized year celebrated as the "birth" of Sapporo, the new Meiji government concluded that the existing administrative center of Hokkaido, which at the time was the port of Hakodate, was in an unsuitable location for defense and further development of the island. Sapporo_sentence_16

As a result, it was determined that a new capital on the Ishikari Plain should be established. Sapporo_sentence_17

The plain itself provided an unusually large expanse of flat, well drained land which is relatively uncommon in the otherwise mountainous geography of Hokkaido. Sapporo_sentence_18

During 1870–1871, Kuroda Kiyotaka, vice-chairman of the Hokkaido Development Commission (Kaitaku-shi), approached the American government for assistance in developing the land. Sapporo_sentence_19

As a result, Horace Capron, Secretary of Agriculture under President Ulysses S. Grant, became an oyatoi gaikokujin and was appointed as a special advisor to the commission. Sapporo_sentence_20

Construction began around Odori Park, which still remains as a green ribbon of recreational land bisecting the central area of the city. Sapporo_sentence_21

The city closely followed a grid plan with streets at right-angles to form city blocks. Sapporo_sentence_22

The continuing expansion of the Japanese into Hokkaido continued, mainly due to migration from the main island of Honshu immediately to the south, and the prosperity of Hokkaido and particularly its capital grew to the point that the Development Commission was deemed unnecessary and was abolished in 1882. Sapporo_sentence_23

Edwin Dun came to Sapporo to establish sheep and cattle ranches in 1876. Sapporo_sentence_24

He also demonstrated pig raising and the making of butter, cheese, ham and sausage. Sapporo_sentence_25

He was married twice, to Japanese women. Sapporo_sentence_26

He once went back to the US in 1883 but returned to Japan as a secretary of government. Sapporo_sentence_27

William S. Clark, who was the president of the Massachusetts Agricultural College (now the University of Massachusetts Amherst), came to be the founding vice-president of the Sapporo Agricultural College (now Hokkaido University) for only eight months from 1876 to 1877. Sapporo_sentence_28

He taught academic subjects in science and lectured on the Bible as an "ethics" course, introducing Christian principles to the first entering class of the College. Sapporo_sentence_29

In 1880, the entire area of Sapporo was renamed as "Sapporo-ku" (Sapporo Ward), and a railroad between Sapporo and Temiya, Otaru was laid. Sapporo_sentence_30

That year the Hōheikan, a hotel and reception facility for visiting officials and dignitaries, was erected adjacent to the Odori Park. Sapporo_sentence_31

It was later moved to Nakajima Park where it remains today. Sapporo_sentence_32

Two years later, with the abolition of the Kaitaku-shi, Hokkaidō was divided into three prefectures: Hakodate, Sapporo, and Nemuro. Sapporo_sentence_33

The name of the urban district in Sapporo remained Sapporo-ku, while the rest of the area in Sapporo-ku was changed to Sapporo-gun. Sapporo_sentence_34

The office building of Sapporo-ku was also located in the urban district. Sapporo_sentence_35

Sapporo, Hakodate, and Nemuro Prefectures were abolished in 1886, and Hokkaidō government office building, an American-neo-baroque-style structure with red bricks, constructed in 1888. Sapporo_sentence_36

The last squad of the Tondenhei, the soldiers pioneering Hokkaido, settled in the place where the area of Tonden in Kita-ku, Sapporo is currently located. Sapporo_sentence_37

Sapporo-ku administered surrounding Sapporo-gun until 1899, when the new district system was announced. Sapporo_sentence_38

After that year, Sapporo-ku was away from the control of Sapporo-gun. Sapporo_sentence_39

The "ku" (district) enforced from 1899 was an autonomy which was a little bigger than towns, and smaller than cities. Sapporo_sentence_40

In Hokkaido at that time, Hakodate-ku and Otaru-ku also existed. Sapporo_sentence_41

Sapporo_unordered_list_0

  • GallerySapporo_item_0_0
  • Sapporo_item_0_1
  • Sapporo_item_0_2

20th century Sapporo_section_3

In 1907, the Tohoku Imperial University was established in Sendai Miyagi Prefecture, and Sapporo Agricultural College was controlled by the University. Sapporo_sentence_42

Parts of neighbouring villages including Sapporo Village, Naebo Village, Kami Shiroishi Village, and districts where the Tonden-hei had settled, were integrated into Sapporo-ku in 1910. Sapporo_sentence_43

The Sapporo Streetcar was opened in 1918, and Hokkaido Imperial University was established in Sapporo-ku, as the fifth Imperial University in Japan. Sapporo_sentence_44

Another railroad operated in Sapporo, the Jōzankei Railroad, which was ultimately abolished in 1969. Sapporo_sentence_45

In 1922, the new city system was announced by the Tokyo government, and Sapporo-ku was officially changed to Sapporo City. Sapporo_sentence_46

The Sapporo Municipal Bus System was started in 1930. Sapporo_sentence_47

In 1937, Sapporo was chosen as the site of the 1940 Winter Olympics, but due to the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, this was cancelled the next year. Sapporo_sentence_48

Maruyama Town was integrated as a part of Chūō-ku in 1940, and the Okadama Airport was constructed in 1942. Sapporo_sentence_49

The first Sapporo Snow Festival was held in 1950. Sapporo_sentence_50

In the same year, adjacent Shiroishi Village was integrated into Sapporo City, rendered as a part of Shiroishi-ku, and Atsubetsu-ku. Sapporo_sentence_51

In 1955, Kotoni Town, the entire Sapporo Village, and Shinoro Village were merged into Sapporo, becoming a part of the current Chūō-ku, Kita-ku, Higashi-ku, Nishi-ku, and Teine-ku. Sapporo_sentence_52

The expansion of Sapporo continued, with the merger of Toyohira Town in 1961, and Teine Town in 1967, each becoming a part of Toyohira-ku, Kiyota-ku, and Teine-ku. Sapporo_sentence_53

The ceremony commemorating the 100th anniversary of the foundation of Sapporo and Hokkaido was held in 1968. Sapporo_sentence_54

The Sapporo Municipal Subway system was inaugurated in 1971, which made Sapporo the fourth city in Japan to have a subway system. Sapporo_sentence_55

From February 3 to 13, 1972, the 1972 Winter Olympics were held, the first Winter Olympics held in Asia. Sapporo_sentence_56

On April 1 of the same year, Sapporo was designated as one of the cities designated by government ordinance, and seven wards were established. Sapporo_sentence_57

The last ever public performance by the opera singer, Maria Callas, was in Sapporo at the Hokkaido Koseinenkin Kaikan on 11 November 1974. Sapporo_sentence_58

The Sapporo Municipal Subway was expanded when the Tōzai line started operation in 1976, and the Tōhō line was opened in 1988. Sapporo_sentence_59

In 1989, Atsubetsu-ku and Teine-ku were separated from Shiroishi-ku and Nishi-ku. Sapporo_sentence_60

Annual events in Sapporo were started, such as the Pacific Music Festival in 1990, and Yosakoi Sōran Festival in 1992. Sapporo_sentence_61

A professional football club, Consadole Sapporo, was established in 1996. Sapporo_sentence_62

In 1997, Kiyota-ku was separated from Toyohira-ku. Sapporo_sentence_63

In the same year, Hokkaidō Takushoku Bank, a Hokkaido-based bank with headquarters in Odori, went bankrupt. Sapporo_sentence_64

Sapporo_unordered_list_1

  • GallerySapporo_item_1_3
  • Sapporo_item_1_4
  • Sapporo_item_1_5
  • Sapporo_item_1_6

21st century Sapporo_section_4

In 2001 the construction of the Sapporo Dome was completed, and in 2002 the Dome hosted three games during the 2002 FIFA World Cup; Germany vs Saudi Arabia, Argentina vs England and Italy vs Ecuador, all of which were in the first round. Sapporo_sentence_65

Fumio Ueda, was elected as Sapporo mayor for the first time in 2003. Sapporo_sentence_66

Sapporo became the home to a Nippon Professional Baseball team, Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters, in 2004, which won the 2006 Japan Series, and the victory parade was held on Ekimae-Dōri (a street in front of Sapporo Station) in February 2007. Sapporo_sentence_67

The 34th G8 summit took place in Tōyako in 2008, and a number of people including anti-globalisation activists marched in the heart of the city to protest. Sapporo_sentence_68

Police officers were gathered in Sapporo from all over Japan, and the news reported that four people were arrested in the demonstrations. Sapporo_sentence_69

The Hokkaidō Shinkansen line, which currently connects Honshu to Hakodate through the Seikan Tunnel, is planned to link to Sapporo by 2030. Sapporo_sentence_70

Sapporo_unordered_list_2

  • GallerySapporo_item_2_7
  • Sapporo_item_2_8

Geography Sapporo_section_5

Sapporo is a city located in the southwest part of Ishikari Plain and the alluvial fan of the Toyohira River, a tributary stream of the Ishikari River. Sapporo_sentence_71

It is part of Ishikari Subprefecture. Sapporo_sentence_72

Roadways in the urban district are laid to make a grid plan. Sapporo_sentence_73

The western and southern parts of Sapporo are occupied by a number of mountains including Mount Teine, Maruyama, and Mount Moiwa, as well as many rivers including the Ishikari River, Toyohira River, and Sōsei River. Sapporo_sentence_74

Sapporo has an elevation of 29 m (95 ft 2 in) Sapporo_sentence_75

Sapporo has many parks, including Odori Park, which is located in the heart of the city and hosts a number of annual events and festivals throughout the year. Sapporo_sentence_76

Moerenuma Park is also one of the largest parks in Sapporo, and was constructed under the plan of Isamu Noguchi, a Japanese-American artist and landscape architect. Sapporo_sentence_77

Neighbouring cities are Ishikari, Ebetsu, Kitahiroshima, Eniwa, Chitose, Otaru, Date, and adjoining towns are Tōbetsu, Kimobetsu, Kyōgoku. Sapporo_sentence_78

Wards Sapporo_section_6

Sapporo has ten wards (区, ku). Sapporo_sentence_79

The color shows the location of each ku in the map below. Sapporo_sentence_80

Sapporo_table_general_2

Wards of SapporoSapporo_header_cell_2_0_0
Sapporo_header_cell_2_1_0 Place NameSapporo_header_cell_2_1_1 Sapporo_header_cell_2_1_3 Sapporo_header_cell_2_1_4 Sapporo_header_cell_2_1_5 Sapporo_header_cell_2_1_6 Map of SapporoSapporo_header_cell_2_1_7
RōmajiSapporo_header_cell_2_2_0 KanjiSapporo_header_cell_2_2_1 ColorSapporo_header_cell_2_2_2 PopulationSapporo_header_cell_2_2_3 Land area in kmSapporo_header_cell_2_2_4 Pop. density

per kmSapporo_header_cell_2_2_5

Sapporo_header_cell_2_2_6
1Sapporo_cell_2_3_0 Atsubetsu-kuSapporo_cell_2_3_1 厚別区Sapporo_cell_2_3_2 (purple)Sapporo_cell_2_3_3 127,299Sapporo_cell_2_3_4 24.38Sapporo_cell_2_3_5 5,221Sapporo_cell_2_3_6 Sapporo_cell_2_3_7
2Sapporo_cell_2_4_0 Chūō-ku – administrative centerSapporo_cell_2_4_1 中央区Sapporo_cell_2_4_2 (blue)Sapporo_cell_2_4_3 237,761Sapporo_cell_2_4_4 46.42Sapporo_cell_2_4_5 5,122Sapporo_cell_2_4_6
3Sapporo_cell_2_5_0 Higashi-kuSapporo_cell_2_5_1 東区Sapporo_cell_2_5_2 (skyblue)Sapporo_cell_2_5_3 261,901Sapporo_cell_2_5_4 56.97Sapporo_cell_2_5_5 4,597Sapporo_cell_2_5_6
4Sapporo_cell_2_6_0 Kita-kuSapporo_cell_2_6_1 北区Sapporo_cell_2_6_2 (orange-red)Sapporo_cell_2_6_3 286,026Sapporo_cell_2_6_4 63.57Sapporo_cell_2_6_5 4,499Sapporo_cell_2_6_6
5Sapporo_cell_2_7_0 Kiyota-kuSapporo_cell_2_7_1 清田区Sapporo_cell_2_7_2 (green)Sapporo_cell_2_7_3 113,556Sapporo_cell_2_7_4 59.87Sapporo_cell_2_7_5 1,897Sapporo_cell_2_7_6
6Sapporo_cell_2_8_0 Minami-kuSapporo_cell_2_8_1 南区Sapporo_cell_2_8_2 (red)Sapporo_cell_2_8_3 136,774Sapporo_cell_2_8_4 657.48Sapporo_cell_2_8_5 208Sapporo_cell_2_8_6
7Sapporo_cell_2_9_0 Nishi-kuSapporo_cell_2_9_1 西区Sapporo_cell_2_9_2 (orange)Sapporo_cell_2_9_3 216,835Sapporo_cell_2_9_4 75.10Sapporo_cell_2_9_5 2,887Sapporo_cell_2_9_6
8Sapporo_cell_2_10_0 Shiroishi-kuSapporo_cell_2_10_1 白石区Sapporo_cell_2_10_2 (brown)Sapporo_cell_2_10_3 213,310Sapporo_cell_2_10_4 34.47Sapporo_cell_2_10_5 6,188Sapporo_cell_2_10_6
9Sapporo_cell_2_11_0 Teine-kuSapporo_cell_2_11_1 手稲区Sapporo_cell_2_11_2 (forest green)Sapporo_cell_2_11_3 141,886Sapporo_cell_2_11_4 56.77Sapporo_cell_2_11_5 2,499Sapporo_cell_2_11_6
10Sapporo_cell_2_12_0 Toyohira-kuSapporo_cell_2_12_1 豊平区Sapporo_cell_2_12_2 (pink)Sapporo_cell_2_12_3 223,408Sapporo_cell_2_12_4 46.23Sapporo_cell_2_12_5 4,833Sapporo_cell_2_12_6

Cityscape Sapporo_section_7

Sapporo_unordered_list_3

  • GallerySapporo_item_3_9
  • Sapporo_item_3_10
  • Sapporo_item_3_11
  • Sapporo_item_3_12

Climate Sapporo_section_8

Sapporo has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa), with a wide range of temperature between the summer and winter. Sapporo_sentence_81

Summers are generally warm, but not overly humid, and winters are cold and very snowy, with an average snowfall of 5.96 m (19 ft 7 in) per year. Sapporo_sentence_82

Sapporo is one of few metropolises in the world with such heavy snowfall, enabling it to hold events and festivals with snow statues. Sapporo_sentence_83

The heavy snowfall is due to the Siberian High developing over the Eurasian land mass and the Aleutian Low developing over the northern Pacific Ocean, resulting in a flow of cold air southeastward across Tsushima Current and to western Hokkaido. Sapporo_sentence_84

The city's annual average precipitation is around 1,100 mm (43.3 in), and the mean annual temperature is 8.5 °C (47.3 °F). Sapporo_sentence_85

Demographics Sapporo_section_9

The first census of the population of Sapporo was taken in 1873, when 753 families with a total of 1,785 people were recorded in the town. Sapporo_sentence_86

The city has an estimated population of 1,957,914 as of May 31, 2019 and a population density of 1,746 persons per km² (4,500 persons per mi²). Sapporo_sentence_87

The total area is 1,121.26 km (432.92 sq mi). Sapporo_sentence_88

Economy Sapporo_section_10

Culture and entertainment Sapporo_section_11

Music Sapporo_section_12

Sapporo_unordered_list_4

Art Sapporo_section_13

Sapporo_unordered_list_5

Literature Sapporo_section_14

Sapporo_unordered_list_6

Film Sapporo_section_15

Sapporo_unordered_list_7

  • The Idiot (1951 film) by Akira KurosawaSapporo_item_7_36
  • The Northern Museum of Visual CultureSapporo_item_7_37
  • Theater KinoSapporo_item_7_38
  • The Sapporo International Short Film Festival and MarketSapporo_item_7_39

Points of interest Sapporo_section_16

Sapporo_unordered_list_8

Sapporo JR Tower adjacent to Sapporo Station. Sapporo_sentence_89

Sapporo Ramen Yokocho and Norubesa (a building with a Ferris wheel) are in Susukino district. Sapporo_sentence_90

The district also has the Tanuki Kōji Shopping Arcade, the oldest shopping mall in the city. Sapporo_sentence_91

The district of Jōzankei in Minami-ku has many resort hotels with steam baths and onsen. Sapporo_sentence_92

The Peace Pagoda, one of many such monuments across the world built by the Buddhist order Nipponzan Myohoji to promote and inspire world peace, has a stupa that was built in 1959, halfway up Mount Moiwa, to commemorate peace after World War II. Sapporo_sentence_93

It contains some of the ashes of the Buddha that were presented to the Emperor of Japan by Prime Minister Nehru in 1954. Sapporo_sentence_94

Another portion was presented to Mikhail Gorbachev by the Nipponzan-Myohoji monk, Junsei Terasawa. Sapporo_sentence_95

Parks/gardens Sapporo_section_17

Sapporo_unordered_list_9

Events/festivals Sapporo_section_18

February: the Sapporo Snow Festival The main site is at Odori Park, and other sites include Susukino (known as the Susukino Ice Festival) and Sapporo Satoland. Sapporo_sentence_96

Many of the snow and ice statues are built by members of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force. Sapporo_sentence_97

May: the Sapporo Lilac Festival. Sapporo_sentence_98

Lilac was brought to Sapporo in 1889 by an American educator, Sarah Clara Smith. Sapporo_sentence_99

At the festival, people enjoy the flowers, wine and live music. Sapporo_sentence_100

June: the Yosakoi Soran Festival. Sapporo_sentence_101

The sites of the festival are centered on Odori Park and the street leading to Susukino, and there are other festival sites. Sapporo_sentence_102

In the festival, many dance teams dance to music composed based on a Japanese traditional song, "Sōran Bushi". Sapporo_sentence_103

Members of the dancing teams wear special costumes and compete on the roads or stages constructed on the festival sites. Sapporo_sentence_104

In 2006, 350 teams were featured with around 45,000 dancers, and over 1,860,000 people visited the festival. Sapporo_sentence_105

the Sapporo Summer Festival. Sapporo_sentence_106

People enjoy drinking at the beer garden in Odori Park and on the streets of Susukino. Sapporo_sentence_107

This festival consists of a number of fairs such as Tanuki Festival and Susukino Festival. Sapporo_sentence_108

September: the Sapporo Autumn Festival Sapporo_sentence_109

December: Christmas market in Odori Park, similar to German Christmas markets. Sapporo_sentence_110

From November through January, many citizens enjoy the Sapporo White Illuminations. Sapporo_sentence_111

Cuisine Sapporo_section_19

The city is known home to Sapporo Brewery, and the white chocolate biscuits 'shiroi koibito' (白い恋人), also as the birthplace of miso ramen. Sapporo_sentence_112

The Kouraku Ramen Meitengai in Susukino district, an alley lined with many miso ramen restaurants since 1951. Sapporo_sentence_113

After its demolition due to plans for the Sapporo Olympics, the Ganso Sapporo Ramen Yokocho was established in the same place. Sapporo_sentence_114

It attracts many tourists throughout the year. Sapporo_sentence_115

From the year 1966, a food company named Sanyo Foods began to sell instant ramen under the brand name "Sapporo Ichiban". Sapporo_sentence_116

Haskap, a local variety of edible honeysuckle, similar to blueberries, is a specialty in Sapporo. Sapporo_sentence_117

Other specialty dishes of Sapporo are soup curry, a soupy curry made with vegetables and chicken or other meats, and jingisukan, a barbecued lamb dish, named for Genghis Khan. Sapporo_sentence_118

Sapporo Sweets is a confectionery using many ingredients from Hokkaido and the Sapporo Sweets Competition is held annually. Sapporo_sentence_119

Sapporo is also well known for fresh seafood including salmon, sea urchin and crab. Sapporo_sentence_120

Crab in particular is famed. Sapporo_sentence_121

Many types of crab are harvested and served seasonally in Sapporo like the Horsehair crab, Snow crab, King crab, and Hanasaki crab with numerous dishes revolving around them. Sapporo_sentence_122

Sports Sapporo_section_20

The Sapporo Dome was constructed in 2001 and currently is the host to the local soccer team, Hokkaido Consadole Sapporo, the baseball team Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters and the basketball team Levanga Hokkaido. Sapporo_sentence_123

Sapporo was selected to be the host of the 5th Winter Olympics scheduled on February 3 to 12, 1940, but Japan had to give the Games back to the IOC, after the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1937. Sapporo_sentence_124

In 1972, Sapporo hosted the 11th Winter Olympics. Sapporo_sentence_125

Some structures built for Olympic events remain in use today, including the ski jumps at Miyanomori and Okurayama. Sapporo_sentence_126

After considering a bid for the 2026 Winter Olympics, Olympic representatives in Sapporo have said that the city is considering a bid for the 2030 Winter Olympics. Sapporo_sentence_127

The city predicts it may cost as much as 456.5 billion yen ($4.3 billion) to host the games and is planning to have 90 percent of the facilities within half an hour of the Olympic village, according to a report published 12 May 2016. Sapporo_sentence_128

The Alpen course would be in Niseko, the world's second-snowiest resort, while the village would be next to the Sapporo Dome, the report said. Sapporo_sentence_129

The plans were presented to the Japanese Olympic Committee on 8 November 2016. Sapporo_sentence_130

In 2002, Sapporo hosted three group matches of the FIFA World Cup at the Sapporo Dome. Sapporo_sentence_131

In 2006, Sapporo hosted some games of the 2006 Basketball World Championship and also for the 2006 Women's Volleyball World Championship. Sapporo_sentence_132

In 2007, Sapporo hosted the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships at the Sapporo Dome, Miyanomori ski jump, Okurayama ski jump, and the Shirahatayama cross-country course. Sapporo_sentence_133

It has been host city of two Asian Winter Games and hosted the 2017 Asian Winter Games with Obihiro. Sapporo_sentence_134

Sapporo will also host some games during the 2019 Rugby World Cup. Sapporo_sentence_135

Skiing remains a major sport in Sapporo with almost all children skiing as a part of the school curriculum. Sapporo_sentence_136

Okurayama Elementary School is unusual in having its own ski hill and ski jumping hill on the school grounds. Sapporo_sentence_137

Within the city are commercial ski hills including Moiwayama, Bankeiyama, KobaWorld, Sapporo Teine and Fu's. Sapporo_sentence_138

Many sports stadiums and domes are located in Sapporo, and some of them have been designated as venues of sports competitions. Sapporo_sentence_139

The Sapporo Community Dome, also known by its nickname "Tsu-Dome", has hosted the Golden Market, a huge flea market event which is usually held twice a year, along with some sports events. Sapporo_sentence_140

The Makomanai Ice Arena, in Makomanai Park, was one of the venues of the Sapporo Olympics in 1972. Sapporo_sentence_141

It was renamed the Makomanai Sekisuiheim Ice Arena in 2007, when Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd., acquired naming rights and renamed the arena after their real estate brand. Sapporo_sentence_142

Other large sports venues include the Makomanai Open Stadium, Tsukisamu Dome, Maruyama Baseball Stadium, and the Hokkaido Prefectural Sports Center. Sapporo_sentence_143

Toyota Big Air is a major international snowboarding event held annually in Sapporo Dome. Sapporo_sentence_144

As one of the richest events of its kind in the world, it draws many of the world's best snowboarders. Sapporo_sentence_145

Professional sport teams Sapporo_section_21

Sapporo_table_general_3

ClubSapporo_header_cell_3_0_0 SportSapporo_header_cell_3_0_1 LeagueSapporo_header_cell_3_0_2 VenueSapporo_header_cell_3_0_3 EstablishedSapporo_header_cell_3_0_4
Hokkaido Nippon-Ham FightersSapporo_cell_3_1_0 BaseballSapporo_cell_3_1_1 Nippon Professional BaseballSapporo_cell_3_1_2 Sapporo DomeSapporo_cell_3_1_3 2004Sapporo_cell_3_1_4
Levanga HokkaidoSapporo_cell_3_2_0 BasketballSapporo_cell_3_2_1 B.League Division 1Sapporo_cell_3_2_2 Hokkaido Prefectural Sports Center,

Tsukisamu DomeSapporo_cell_3_2_3

2006Sapporo_cell_3_2_4
Hokkaido Consadole SapporoSapporo_cell_3_3_0 Football (soccer)Sapporo_cell_3_3_1 J1 LeagueSapporo_cell_3_3_2 Sapporo Atsubetsu Park Stadium,

Sapporo DomeSapporo_cell_3_3_3

1996Sapporo_cell_3_3_4

Sapporo_unordered_list_10

Transportation Sapporo_section_22

Sapporo has one streetcar line, three JR Hokkaido lines, three subway lines and JR Bus, Chuo Bus and other bus lines. Sapporo_sentence_146

Sapporo Subway trains have rubber-tyred wheels. Sapporo_sentence_147

Rapid transit Sapporo_section_23

Sapporo_unordered_list_11

Rail Sapporo_section_24

Sapporo_unordered_list_12

  • JR Hokkaido Stations in SapporoSapporo_item_12_68
    • Hakodate Line: (Zenibako) – Hoshimi – Hoshioki – Inaho – Teine – Inazumi Kōen – Hassamu – Hassamu Chūō – Kotoni – Sōen – Sapporo – Naebo – Shiroishi – Atsubetsu – Shinrinkōen – (Ōasa)Sapporo_item_12_69
    • Chitose Line: Heiwa – Shin Sapporo – Kami Nopporo – (Kita-Hiroshima)Sapporo_item_12_70
    • Sasshō Line (Gakuentoshi Line): Sōen – Hachiken – Shinkawa – Shinkotoni – Taihei – Yurigahara – Shinoro – Takuhoku – Ainosato Kyōikudai – Ainosato Kōen – (Ishikari Futomi)Sapporo_item_12_71

Air Sapporo_section_25

The Sapporo area is served by two airports: Okadama Airport, which offers regional flights within Hokkaido, and New Chitose Airport, a larger international airport located in the city of Chitose 30 miles (48 km) away connected by regular rapid trains taking around 40 minutes. Sapporo_sentence_148

The Sapporo-Tokyo route between New Chitose and Haneda is one of the busiest in the world. Sapporo_sentence_149

Airport shuttle, tour and charter bus service Sapporo_section_26

An airport shuttle bus servicing all hotels in Sapporo operates every day of the year. Sapporo_sentence_150

was founded in 2005 and also provides transport to and from various ski resorts throughout Hokkaido, including Niseko. Sapporo_sentence_151

Education Sapporo_section_27

Universities Sapporo_section_28

National Sapporo_section_29

Sapporo_unordered_list_13

See Japanese national university Sapporo_sentence_152

Public Sapporo_section_30

Sapporo_unordered_list_14

Private Sapporo_section_31

Sapporo_unordered_list_15

Primary and secondary schools Sapporo_section_32

Sapporo Odori High School provides Japanese-language classes to foreign and Japanese returnee students, and the school has special admissions quotas for these groups. Sapporo_sentence_153

The city has two private international schools: Sapporo_sentence_154

Sapporo_unordered_list_16

Twin towns – sister cities Sapporo_section_33

Sapporo has twinning relationships with several cities worldwide. Sapporo_sentence_155

Sapporo_unordered_list_17

See also Sapporo_section_34

Sapporo_unordered_list_18


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapporo.