Sexteto Habanero

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"Guillermo Castillo" redirects here. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_0

For the politician, see Guillermo Castillo Reyes. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_1

Sexteto Habanero_table_infobox_0

Sexteto HabaneroSexteto Habanero_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationSexteto Habanero_header_cell_0_1_0
OriginSexteto Habanero_header_cell_0_2_0 Havana, CubaSexteto Habanero_cell_0_2_1
GenresSexteto Habanero_header_cell_0_3_0 Sexteto Habanero_cell_0_3_1
Years activeSexteto Habanero_header_cell_0_4_0 1920 (1920)–presentSexteto Habanero_cell_0_4_1
LabelsSexteto Habanero_header_cell_0_5_0 Victor, Corazón, Lusafrica, ColibríSexteto Habanero_cell_0_5_1
Associated actsSexteto Habanero_header_cell_0_6_0 Sexteto Habanero_cell_0_6_1
MembersSexteto Habanero_header_cell_0_8_0 Sexteto Habanero_cell_0_8_1
Past membersSexteto Habanero_header_cell_0_10_0 Sexteto Habanero_cell_0_10_1

The Sexteto Habanero was a Cuban son sextet founded in 1920 in Havana. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_2

It played an important part in the early history of the genre, contributing to its popularization all around Cuba. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_3

In 1927, the band incorporated a cornet player becoming the Septeto Habanero. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_4

Although most original members left in the 1930s, the band has continued to perform and record with different line-ups. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_5

Their last album was released in 2010 for their 90th anniversary. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_6

History Sexteto Habanero_section_0

Origins Sexteto Habanero_section_1

In 1916, tres player and director Ricardo Martínez from Santiago de Cuba founded the Cuarteto Oriental together with Guillermo Castillo (botija), Gerardo Martínez (lead vocals and claves) and Felipe Neri Cabrera (maracas). Sexteto Habanero_sentence_7

In 1917, they left Oriente to record four tracks for Columbia Records in Havana. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_8

The songs are listed in a Columbia catalog for 1921, but are probably lost. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_9

However, the same group expanded to a sextet in 1918, with Castillo now on guitar, Antonio Bacallao on botija and Óscar Sotolongo on bongos. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_10

They renamed themselves Sexteto Típico Oriental. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_11

Meanwhile, members of the Victor record label decided to make son recordings at the Hotel Inglaterra in Havana, hiring musician Carlos Godínez to organize a band. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_12

Only two of the six recordings they made ("Mujer bandolera" and "Rosa, qué linda eres") have been issued on CD. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_13

Credited to Sexteto Habanero Godínez, these are the oldest known recordings in the sexteto format. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_14

According to Díaz Ayala, the band in these recordings featured Carlos Godínez (tres and director), María Teresa Vera (lead vocals and claves), Manuel Corona (guitar and second vocals), "Sinsonte" (third vocals and maracas), Alfredo Boloña (bongos) and a sixth musician, possibly Rafael Zequeira. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_15

In 1919, the discrepancies within the Sexteto Típico Oriental led to the departure of Ricardo Martínez, who was then replaced by Godínez. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_16

In 1920, the band renamed itself Sexteto Habanero. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_17

Thus, the founding members of the Sexteto Habanero were Guillermo Castillo (guitar and director), Carlos Godínez (tres), Gerardo Martínez (lead vocals and claves), Antonio Bacallao (botija), Óscar Sotolongo (square bongó) and Felipe Neri Cabrera (maracas). Sexteto Habanero_sentence_18

The instrumental set-up is interesting, because they use some of the original instruments of the son, including the botija and a unique "square bongó". Sexteto Habanero_sentence_19

1925 to 1931 Sexteto Habanero_section_2

The main set of recordings by the Sexteto Habanero were made between 1925 and 1931. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_20

The line-up in these recordings was modernized with respect to the original sextet, as the group appreciated that the double bass was a musically more suitable instrument than the botijuela, which was abandoned by them and most other son groups. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_21

By 1925 the band's line-up featured Gerardo Martínez as the new leader, also singing and playing double bass; Guillermo Castillo on guitar and vocals; Felipe Neri Cabrera on maracas and vocals; and two new members: Agustín Gutiérrez on bongó (replaced Sotolongo in 1923 and left in 1928), and Abelardo Barroso as lead vocalist and maraquero, both of whom would also play with the Habanero's rival band, Septeto Nacional. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_22

Rafael Hernández "El Picher" often replaced Barroso on lead vocals and maracas, while José Manuel Carriera Incharte "El Chino" (bongosero in the Nacional) possibly played instead of Agustín Gutiérrez in some sessions. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_23

The group's recordings in the 1925 to 1931 era were made in New York City and originally released as 78 rpm singles, now available on LP and CD. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_24

The music is of high quality, considering the technical limitations of the time. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_25

The group won first prize in the Concurso de Sones in 1925 and 1926. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_26

On March 21, 1927, Enrique Hernández joined the Habanero on cornet, turning the sexteto into a septeto. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_27

Hernández was replaced by trumpeter Félix Chappottín in February 1928. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_28

Chappottín would remain with the band until 1930, when he was replaced by José Interián. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_29

The Habanero was one of the first septetos, preceded only by the Septeto Apolo (featuring pianist Orestes López) and Septeto Orquídea (featuring Chappottín). Sexteto Habanero_sentence_30

In October 1929, a performance of the Septeto was filmed in Ybor City, Florida, for the movie Hell Harbor. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_31

This footage, which features Óscar Sotolongo's son, Andrés Sotolongo, on bongos, ranks among the earliest pieces of film documenting son cubano. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_32

Septeto Habanero and Conjunto Típico Habanero Sexteto Habanero_section_3

Although de facto a septet since 1927, the band didn't release music as the Septeto Habanero until 1945. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_33

Due to the advent of conjuntos and big bands, the band remained largely inactive between 1931 and 1945, making recordings only in a session on September 17, 1940. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_34

In the early 1930s the band experienced important line-up changes, with Guillermo Castillo and Carlos Godínez leaving in 1934. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_35

The following year, director Gerardo Martínez left the band to form a new group, Conjunto Típico Habanero. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_36

Throughout the 1940s, the Conjunto Típico Habanero would remain linked to the Septeto Habanero, as Martínez made recordings with the Septeto in the mid 1940s (there were sessions in 1945, 1946 and 1948). Sexteto Habanero_sentence_37

After the death of Martínez in 1958, the Septeto Habanero incorporated a tumbadora, güiro and another trumpet under the direction of Manolo Furé (in the band since 1952), changing its name to Conjunto Típico Habanero. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_38

Re-formation Sexteto Habanero_section_4

In 1983, the Conjunto Típico Habanero reverted its name definitively to Septeto Habanero, still with Manolo Furé as lead singer and claves player. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_39

In 1995, the band recorded an album for its 75th anniversary entitled 75 Años después. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_40

The band was actually as octet (and remains so), featuring Manolo Furé (lead vocals, claves), Germán Pedro Ibáñez (guitar), José Antonio Pérez (vocals and maracas), Digno Marcelino Pérez (vocals and güiro), Felipe Ferrer (tres), Bárbaro Teuntor García (trumpet), Faustino Sánchez Illa (electric bass) and Ricardo Ferro Vicente (bongos). Sexteto Habanero_sentence_41

After the death of Furé, guitarist and singer Germán Pedro "Pedrito" Ibáñez, who joined the band in 1962, became the director until his death in 2007. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_42

In November 1997, the band recorded Orgullo de los soneros, an album released by Lusafrica in 1998. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_43

The line-up in these recordings featured Germán Pedro Ibáñez (guitar and director), José Antonio Pérez (vocals and claves), Emilio Moret (vocals and güiro), Digno Marcelino Pérez (vocals and maracas), Felipe Ferrer (tres), Servando Arango (trumpet), Faustino Sánchez Illa (double bass) and Ricardo Ferro Vincente (bongos). Sexteto Habanero_sentence_44

Their second album on Lusafrica, Celebrando sus 80 años, was released in March 2000 for the band's 80th anniversary with the same line-up. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_45

In 2010, their 90th anniversary album 90 años: Orgullo de los soneros was nominated for the Latin Grammy Award for Best Traditional Tropical Album. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_46

The album was recorded between February and March 2009 with the following line-up: Felipe Ferrer (tres and director), Juan A. Jústiz (vocals and güiro), José Antonio Pérez (vocals), Emilio Moret (vocals and maracas), Ernesto Laza (bongó and bell), Ibrahim Aties (baby bass), Digno Marcelino Pérez (vocals and claves), Gilberto Azcuy (trumpet) and Jaime Gracián (manager). Sexteto Habanero_sentence_47

The album was dedicated to Pedrito Ibáñez and Servando Arango "El Chino", who had recently died. Sexteto Habanero_sentence_48

Discography Sexteto Habanero_section_5

Sexteto Habanero_description_list_0

Sexteto Habanero_unordered_list_1

  • 1990: La historia de son cubano: The Roots of Salsa, Volume II (LP, Folklyric): 16 recordings 1926–1931.Sexteto Habanero_item_1_0
  • 1991: Sexteto Habanero (CD, Tumbao Cuban Classics): 14 recordings 1924–1927.Sexteto Habanero_item_1_1
  • 1992: Las raíces del son (CD, Tumbao Cuban Classics): 24 recordings 1925–1931.Sexteto Habanero_item_1_2
  • 1995: 75 Años después (CD, Corazón): 11 new recordings.Sexteto Habanero_item_1_3
  • 1998: Orgullo de los soneros (CD, Lusafrica): 13 new recordings.Sexteto Habanero_item_1_4
  • 1999: Grabaciones completas (CD, Tumbao Cuban Classics): 98 recordings 1925–1931.Sexteto Habanero_item_1_5
  • 2000: Celebrando sus 80 años (CD, Lusafrica): 13 new recordings.Sexteto Habanero_item_1_6
  • 2010: 90 años: Orgullo de los soneros (CD, Colibrí): 13 new recordings.Sexteto Habanero_item_1_7

See also Sexteto Habanero_section_6

Sexteto Habanero_unordered_list_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Habanero.