Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures are subcultures and communities composed of people who have shared experiences, backgrounds, or interests due to common sexual or gender identities. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_0

Among the first to argue that members of sexual minorities can also constitute cultural minorities were Adolf Brand, Magnus Hirschfeld, and Leontine Sagan in Germany. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_1

These pioneers were later followed by the Mattachine Society and the Daughters of Bilitis in the United States. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_2

Not all persons of various gender and sexual orientations identify or affiliate with a particular subculture. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_3

Reasons include geographic distance, unawareness of the subculture's existence, fear of social stigma, or personal preference to remain unidentified with sexuality- or gender-based subcultures or communities. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_4

Some have suggested that the identities defined by the Western heterosexualized cultures are based on sexuality, have serious flaws, and often leave no space for the public to discuss these flaws of gender and sexuality. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_5

This leaves many rejecting these identities in large numbers, often while disowning their own sexual needs and possibly subjecting them to be classified under what they may consider misclassified sexual identities. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_6

LGBT culture Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_section_0

Main article: LGBT culture Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_7

LGBT culture is the common culture shared by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_8

It is sometimes referred to as "queer culture" or "gay culture", but the latter term can also be specific to gay men's culture. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_9

LGBT culture varies widely by geography and the identity of the participants. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_10

Elements often identified as being common to the culture of gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgender people include: Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_11

Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_unordered_list_0

  • The work of famous gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people. This may include:Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_item_0_0
    • Present-day LGBT artists and political figures;Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_item_0_1
    • Historical figures who have been identified as LGBT. It has often been questioned whether it is appropriate to identify historical figures using modern terms for sexual identity (see History of sexuality). However, many LGBT people feel a kinship towards these people and their work, especially to the extent that it deals with same-sex attraction or gender identity.Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_item_0_2
  • An understanding of the history of LGBT political movements.Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_item_0_3
  • An ironic appreciation of things linked by stereotype to LGBT people.Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_item_0_4
  • Figures and identities that are present in the LGBT community and LGBT culture, this could include the gay village, drag kings and queens, gay pride, and the rainbow flag.Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_item_0_5

In some cities, especially in North America, gay men and lesbians tend to live in certain neighbourhoods. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_12

LGBT communities organize a number of events to celebrate their culture, such as Pride parades, the Gay Games and Southern Decadence. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_13

Polyamory Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_section_1

Main article: Polyamory Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_14

Polyamory is the practice and associated culture of being romantically connected or involved with more than one person simultaneously and consensually, which is distinct yet entwined with polysexuality, the practice of having more than one sexual partner. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_15

Polyamory can occur in a social group, culture, or group of people specific to a certain gender-identity or sexual orientation. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_16

In some cultures the practice of forming multiple simultaneous romantic relationships is controversial. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_17

Polygamy (a practice that overlaps heavily with polyamory) is the practice of legally marrying more than one person. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_18

It is against the law to marry more than one person in the United States; however, there are many countries around the world where polygamy and/or polyamorous relationships are not unusual. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_19

For example, it is not uncommon in many middle eastern cultures for men to have multiple wives. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_20

This type of polyamorous relationship is known as polygyny. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_21

The illegal status of multiple marriages in many parts of the world has not stopped the formation of communities and sub-cultures that practice polyamory and informal polygamy. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_22

There are several accounts of attempted private polygamist communities in Western Europe and North America. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_23

However, these communities, for the most part, have eventually disbanded. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_24

In Western culture there are few or no examples of widespread acceptance of polyamory. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_25

This does not mean that polyamorous relationships in Western culture (and subcultures) do not exist. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_26

In the United States it is estimated that polyamory is practiced by as much as 10% of the population. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_27

Polyamory exists mainly as isolated instances in which those in relationships have made agreements with their significant other(s). Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_28

There are, however, many variations and examples of polyamorous relationships. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_29

The emphasis here should be that in countries where Polyamory exists or is accepted, it is in the context of heterosexual relationships. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_30

This is to note that it is too simple to vilify the West and praise non-Western culture for openness however when one assesses the facts through a non biased lens it is clear that the West is more accepting of the LGBT community and Polyamory in that sense. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_31

Sexual fetish-based cultures Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_section_2

Main article: Sexual fetishism Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_32

The fetish subculture is a subculture that comprises people with a broad range of sexual fetishes and other paraphilias. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_33

Alternative terms for the fetish subculture include fetish scene and fetish community. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_34

The most common paraphilias seen in the fetish subculture are BDSM, leather fetishism and rubber fetishism. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_35

The fetish subculture supports a strong nightclub scene, in the form of fetish clubs. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_36

Influence on mainstream culture Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_section_3

Sexual minority cultures frequently and consistently influence straight culture. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_37

Yale sociology professor Joshua Gamson argues that the tabloid talk show genre, popularized by Oprah Winfrey in the 1980s provided much needed, high impact media visibility for sexual minorities and did more to make gay culture mainstream than any other development of the 20th century. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_38

Slang frequently originates in subcultures, including sexual minority subcultures, which becomes part of the larger vernacular including words associated with descriptions specific to sexual minorities or not. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_39

Madonna is one of many artists who have borrowed from sexual minority cultures, including her appropriation of vogueing. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_40

Recently, the television series Queer Eye for the Straight Guy depicts straight men being given fashion make-overs or decorating tips from gay men. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_41

Non-Western cultures Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_section_4

In 2006, Thai film Rainbow Boys produced by Vitaya Saeng-aroon, depicting a contemporary gay relationship, saw a limited-release screening. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_42

Vitaya also produced the comedy-drama Club M2, set in a gay sauna. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_43

The significance of the film is found in its novelty in a society very similar, if not more traditional, than the West in regards to assigned gender roles and attractions. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_44

Another 2007 film, Bangkok Love Story, directed by Poj Arnon, was critically hailed as a departure from the stereotyped view of homosexuals as transvestites and transsexuals. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_45

Gay Thai independent film producer Vitaya Saeng-aroon praised the film, saying, "Director Poj Arnon was brave enough to shake society up." Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_46

These people made breakthroughs through their films as other scholars and public authors also begin to bring the issue of gender and stereotypes to the forefront as a more over the rug topic in contemporary culture. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_47

In many countries, homosexuality and bisexuality are widely accepted and often legal, although often still face discrimination and criticism. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_48

In this context, "queer youth are often cast as victims of homophobic violence or heterosexist exclusion in ways that inscribe them within tropes of victimization and risk." Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_49

Unlike European cultures which are primarily based in Christian religion and held up many anti-LGBT laws until recently, the Chinese culture was much more open about non-exclusively-heterosexual relationships. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_50

"For a period of the modern history of both the Republic of China and People's Republic of China in the 20th century, LGBT people received more stringent legal regulations regarding their orientations, with restrictions being gradually eased by the beginning of the 21st century." Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_51

Though there were still restrictions in the ancient Chinese culture, homosexual relations have been documented since early historical periods. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_52

There were recordings of subcultures of prostitute/actors also in existence; however, even in modern-day Chinese culture, there are those who are opposed to outside heterosexual relationships and lifestyles. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_53

In the People's Republic of China, "Reportedly, Mao Zedong believed in the sexual castration of "sexual deviants," but little is known about the Communist Chinese governments official policy with regards to homosexuality prior to the 1980s." Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_54

Many Japanese have adopted wide ranges of sexual identity, and space has always existed for non-exclusively hegemonic gender roles in Japanese society. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_55

The modern era, however, has made more room for those openly varied gender roles. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_56

Before Western contact, Japan did not have a system of identification in which one’s identity was determined by one’s biological sexual preference (see Sexual minorities in Japan). Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_57

Yet, hegemonic notions of how men and women should behave are still strong in the country, as in the Western cultures. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_58

Earlier studies on sex roles and gender identities in Asia focused heavily on particular constraints felt by women, for "'[Japanese] models of citizenship implicitly privilege the male, white-collar 'citizen in a suit." Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_59

Constraints are also felt, however, on the males in Asian societies who are held at a higher standard due to the "dominant paradigm" referred to as "hegemonic masculinity." Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_60

Arguments present ideas that "masculinity" has a history and is actually not only expressed differently in different societies but also differently within societies throughout eras. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_61

Masculinity, even in traditional Asian cultures is, so called, plural. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_62

Still, certain forms of masculinity (and femininity for that matter) become particularly privileged, the hegemonic masculinity. Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_sentence_63

See also Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures_section_5

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures.