Sierra de Perijá National Park

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Sierra de Perijá National Park_table_infobox_0

Sierra de Perijá National Park
Perijá National ParkSierra de Perijá National Park_header_cell_0_0_0
LocationSierra de Perijá National Park_header_cell_0_1_0 VenezuelaSierra de Perijá National Park_cell_0_1_1
Nearest citySierra de Perijá National Park_header_cell_0_2_0 MaracaiboSierra de Perijá National Park_cell_0_2_1
CoordinatesSierra de Perijá National Park_header_cell_0_3_0 Sierra de Perijá National Park_cell_0_3_1
AreaSierra de Perijá National Park_header_cell_0_4_0 295,288 hectares (729,670 acres)Sierra de Perijá National Park_cell_0_4_1
EstablishedSierra de Perijá National Park_header_cell_0_5_0 1978Sierra de Perijá National Park_cell_0_5_1
Governing bodySierra de Perijá National Park_header_cell_0_6_0 Instituto Nacional de Parques(INPARQUES)

’’National Park Institute’’Sierra de Perijá National Park_cell_0_6_1

Sierra de Perijá National Park, also known as Perijá National Park, is a protected area in Venezuela. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_0

It is located in the Serranía de Perijá mountains on the border with Colombia, to the southwest of Zulia state and Lake Maracaibo. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_1

The park was established in 1978 with the objective of protecting the hilly regions. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_2

Geography Sierra de Perijá National Park_section_0

Sierra de Perijá National Park is situated in the Perija and Colon municipalities of Zulia State. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_3

The park is accessible by road from Maracaibo. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_4

The park includes a portion of the Serranía de Perijá mountains, which rises above the southwestern area of Lake Maracaibo, a large brackish bay connected to the Gulf of Venezuela. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_5

The highest elevation is Pico Tétar at 3,500 metres (11,500 ft). Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_6

It covers an area of 295,288 hectares (729,670 acres). Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_7

Flora and fauna Sierra de Perijá National Park_section_1

The vegetation in the park consists mainly of rainforest, cloud forests, highland moors and sub-alpine and alpine tundra. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_8

Some typical trees include Anacardium excelsum, wax palms Ceroxylon, Cecropia, Gyranthera caribensis, Tabebuia chrysantha, T. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_9 billbergii, T. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_10 chrysea and Podocarpus oleifolius and there are many herbs, flowering plants and bromeliads. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_11

The wildlife in the park includes spectacled bear, as well as capuchin and howler monkeys. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_12

Dolphins in Lake Maracaibo are proposed to be brought under a protection programme through the South American River Dolphin Protected Area Network. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_13

Birds may include parrot species such as the endangered military macaw (Ara militaris). Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_14

An endangered bird species found in the park is the Perija metaltail hummingbird (Metallura iracunda). Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_15

It is also the habitat for another hummingbird, Coeligena consita, an endemic species of the Sierra de Perijá found on its southern slopes. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_16

A newly discovered species of tapaculo found in the park is the Perijá tapaculo (Scytalopus perijanus) which was first described in 2015. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_17

Threats Sierra de Perijá National Park_section_2

Uncontrolled fires and deforestation are major threats to the natural ecosystems in the park. Sierra de Perijá National Park_sentence_18


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sierra de Perijá National Park.