Southern Nova Scotia

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Southern Nova Scotia_table_infobox_0

South Shore

Southern Nova ScotiaSouthern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_0_0

CountrySouthern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_1_0 CanadaSouthern Nova Scotia_cell_0_1_1
ProvinceSouthern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_2_0 Nova ScotiaSouthern Nova Scotia_cell_0_2_1
CountiesSouthern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_3_0 Lunenburg County

Queens County Shelburne County Yarmouth County Digby CountySouthern Nova Scotia_cell_0_3_1

AreaSouthern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_4_0
LandSouthern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_5_0 12,417.79 km (4,794.54 sq mi)Southern Nova Scotia_cell_0_5_1
Population (2016)Southern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_6_0
TotalSouthern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_7_0 113,185Southern Nova Scotia_cell_0_7_1
DensitySouthern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_8_0 9.1/km (24/sq mi)Southern Nova Scotia_cell_0_8_1
Change 2011-16Southern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_9_0 2.5%Southern Nova Scotia_cell_0_9_1
Time zoneSouthern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_10_0 UTC-4 (AST)Southern Nova Scotia_cell_0_10_1
Summer (DST)Southern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_11_0 UTC-3 (ADT)Southern Nova Scotia_cell_0_11_1
Area code(s)Southern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_12_0 902Southern Nova Scotia_cell_0_12_1
DwellingsSouthern Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_13_0 61,948Southern Nova Scotia_cell_0_13_1

Southern Nova Scotia or the South Shore is a region of Nova Scotia, Canada. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_0

The area has no formal identity and is variously defined by geographic, county and other political boundaries. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_1

Statistics Canada, defines Southern Nova Scotia as an economic region, composed of Lunenburg County, Queens County, Shelburne County, Yarmouth County, and Digby County. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_2

According to Statistics Canada, the region had the highest decrease of population in Canada from 2009 to 2010, with a -10.2% growth rate per thousand. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_3

The region also has the second highest median age in Canada at 47.1 years old. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_4

Politically defined Southern Nova Scotia_section_0

The South Shore is sometimes defined as part of the Halifax West, South Shore—St. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_5 Margaret's, and West Nova ridings at the federal level, or as the western rural part of the Halifax Regional Municipality, the Municipality of the District of Lunenburg, Queens County, and Shelburne County. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_6

There were five MLAs elected from this region in recent Nova Scotia provincial elections, when the region shifted from the Progressive Conservative Party to the more left-leaning New Democratic Party. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_7

It is generally considered to be a "swing" region that has changed political leanings in the recent past, and a key target for campaigning. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_8

History Southern Nova Scotia_section_1

The South Shore was one of the first areas of North America to be colonized by Europeans following the French settlement at Port-Royal in 1605. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_9

The region, without good agricultural land, was only sparsely inhabited by the Acadians, although several settlements were established in present-day Shelburne County and the LaHave River valley. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_10

When the British took control of the region in 1713, they initiated a program of importing colonists from continental Europe, known as the Foreign Protestants, mostly from Germany and Switzerland. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_11

To this day the South Shore retains many German place names and surnames as well as a distinct accent compared to the New England settlers' influence in the Annapolis Valley or the Highland Scots' influence in northeastern Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_12

On December 19, 1906, the Halifax and Southwestern Railway opened between Halifax and Yarmouth, finishing a project that had begun in 1885, and bringing more reliable land transport to the region. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_13

Although the South Shore did not play a major role during the First World War, the area saw significant military activity during the Second World War and the ensuing Cold War, as Shelburne and Mill Cove became home to Royal Canadian Navy bases, and a Pinetree Line radar station was established by the Royal Canadian Air Force at Baccaro. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_14

In 1966, Canada's first satellite communications (SATCOM) earth station began operations at Mill Village. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_15

In the 1970s and 1980s, the Highway 103 arterial highway was built. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_16

During the 20th century, the South Shore became the centre of Nova Scotia's fishing industry, as fishermen in small boats operated from numerous tiny villages dotted along the coast. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_17

The larger communities also had fish plants and port facilities for larger off-shore trawlers, which began to see increased use following the Second World War. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_18

During the 1960s and 1970s the impact of offshore processing and increasingly larger trawlers was being felt in communities, and the way of life on the South Shore was altered. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_19

As in many parts of Nova Scotia, many South Shore fishing communities all but disappeared as residents moved to larger urban centres in search of new opportunities. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_20

The decline in the fishery coincided with growth in the service industry, and specifically tourism. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_21

The culture and economy along the South Shore gradually changed as the scenic area became a more common tourist destination. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_22

As more tourists came to appreciate the beauty and culture of the region, coastal land prices rose, small businesses catering to the industry sprouted up, and a vibrant art community took root. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_23

Present day Southern Nova Scotia_section_2

The South Shore is an important area for tourism in the province. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_24

It has a higher than average proportion of cottages, hotels, and tourist attractions, including Kejimkujik National Park. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_25

The provincial scenic travel way, the "Lighthouse Route" runs on Trunk 3 through most centres along the shore. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_26

The tourism industry is concentrated in the towns of Lunenburg, Chester, Mahone Bay, Liverpool, the five beaches surrounding Riverport, and the fishing community of Peggy's Cove. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_27

The largest community in the region is the town of Bridgewater, which is the commercial and industrial centre, although not a major tourism draw. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_28

Shelburne is second largest, with Liverpool and Lunenburg next. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_29

Lunenburg, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the host to several major music festivals and arts events, plus the Bluenose II, is generally considered to be the cultural capital of the South Shore, with Bridgewater its industrial centre. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_30

However, that is over-generalized, as several key industries, notably shipping and aerospace and software, have a presence in Lunenburg that exceeds that in Bridgewater. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_31

Until 2009, the area was an important entry point for tourists travelling from New England, via a car ferry at Yarmouth. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_32

Two districts, Clare and Argyle, are notable for having proportionally large French-speaking populations. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_33

For the segment of tourism focused on Acadian history and culture, the major initiative is associated with the "Evangeline Trail" which extends through the Annapolis Valley and into the Southern Nova Scotia region as far as Yarmouth. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_34

Climate Southern Nova Scotia_section_3

The region is one of the southernmost areas of Canada, second only to Southern Ontario. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_35

Due to this as well as its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, the region enjoys a climate which is distinctly mild by Canadian standards. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_36

The microclimate phenomenon occurs frequently, as many settled areas are located a considerable distance from the ocean itself. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_37

Overall, the South Shore experiences a humid continental climate with high precipitation year-round. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_38

Summers are warm (occasionally hot inland) with high levels of humidity, although the heat is moderate compared with Central Canada. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_39

Winters are cold and damp, and although snowfall occurs frequently, it is often mixed with rain and snow accumulation is moderate, particularly along the immediate coast. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_40

Mild days occur comparatively often in winter, usually as a result of low pressure systems. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_41

Spring and autumn are extremely unpredictable, and the most precipitation falls by far within the months of April and May. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_42

For example, in 2011, rainfall occurred in Lunenburg County for 43 consecutive days during this period. Southern Nova Scotia_sentence_43

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Nova Scotia.