|Also known as||Halfnelson|
|Origin||Pacific Palisades, California, United States|
Known for their quirky approach to songwriting, Sparks' music is often accompanied by sophisticated and lyrics, often about women or Shakespearean literature references, and an idiosyncratic, theatrical stage presence, typified in the contrast between Russell's animated, hyperactive frontman antics and Ron's deadpan scowling.
They are also noted for Russell Mael's distinctive wide-ranging voice and Ron Mael's intricate and rhythmic keyboard playing style.
They were much more successful in Europe compared to their native US, though they maintain a loyal cult following there.
Early career highlights included "This Town Ain't Big Enough for Both of Us", which reached No.
2 on the UK Singles Chart in 1974; the disco hit "The Number One Song in Heaven" in 1979, resulting from a collaboration with Giorgio Moroder and marking a stylistic shift towards new wave/synth-pop; "When I'm With You", which topped the Australian and French Singles Charts in 1980; the single "I Predict", which provided Sparks' first appearance on the Billboard Hot 100, reaching No.
60 in May 1982; the 1983 single "Cool Places" with the Go-Go's rhythm guitarist and backing vocalist Jane Wiedlin, and "When Do I Get to Sing 'My Way'", which was the top airplay record in Germany for 1994.
Their frequently changing styles and visual presentations have kept the band at the forefront of modern, artful pop music.
The 2002 release of Lil' Beethoven, their "genre-defining opus", as well as Hello Young Lovers (2006, their 20th studio album), Exotic Creatures of the Deep (2008), and their fantasy radio musical The Seduction of Ingmar Bergman (2009–2010) brought Sparks renewed critical and commercial success, and saw them continue to "steer clear of pop conventions."
7, as did their next album, A Steady Drip, Drip, Drip, released in 2020, bringing their tally of UK Top 10 albums to four.
Brothers Ron and Russell Mael grew up in Pacific Palisades, in western Los Angeles County, California, during the "Golden Age" of the LA club scene, with the Doors, Love and the Standells regularly playing the Whisky a Go Go on Sunset Strip and the Beach Boys playing the afternoon event Teenage Fair.
Both attended UCLA, Ron studying cinema and graphic art and Russell, theatre arts and filmmaking.
Detesting the folk music scene, which they considered "cerebral and sedate and we had no time for that", they developed a particular taste in English bands of the time such as the Who, Syd Barrett's Pink Floyd, the Kinks and the Move, which led to their description of themselves as "Anglophiles".
Their very first recordings were made under the name of "Urban Renewal Project", on January 14, 1967 at the Fidelity Recording Studios in Hollywood.
Four tracks were recorded with married couple Fred and Ronna Frank, who were close friends of the Maels at the time.
The songs were pressed on two acetates and have never been released, apart from the track "Computer Girl", which was featured on a CD included with the Japanese semi-biography from 2006 and more widely released on the Past Tense greatest hits album in 2019.
The other three tracks were entitled "The Windmill", "A Quick Thought" and "As You Like It".
Of all four songs, "Computer Girl" was the least traditional.
Their eponymous debut album – with the line-up consisting of college friend Earle Mankey on guitar, Mankey's brother James on bass, Harley Feinstein on drums and Rundgren producing – sold poorly, but after switching labels to Warner Bros. Records and renaming themselves Sparks, a play on the Marx Brothers, the re-issued debut spawned the minor regional hit "Wonder Girl".
Their follow-up album, A Woofer in Tweeter's Clothing, led to a tour of the United Kingdom, including a residency at the Marquee Club in London, These London appearances helped them to secure a significant cult following.
Relocating to England in 1973 with a new manager, John Hewlett, founder of John's Children, and a deal from Island Records, thanks in part to the exposure garnered by their BBC Two Whistle Test performance, they placed an ad in music weekly Melody Maker ("Wanted bass player for Sparks.
Must be beard free and exciting") and through this hired Martin Gordon.
Sparks became a UK teen sensation appearing on the cover of Melody Maker, Record Mirror and countless other pop magazines in the UK and Europe.
Russell's hyperactive movements were in sharp contrast to the keyboard-bound, soberly dressed Ron's expressionless squint and Charlie Chaplin-esque moustache.
Gordon and Fisher were later replaced by Trevor White and Ian Hampton.
In 1975, the revised band returned to the US to tour supporting the Kimono and Propaganda albums which had gained strong cult attention in New York City, Cleveland, Chicago, San Francisco and Los Angeles primarily from FM radio play and a national TV appearance on Don Kirshner's Rock Concert.
Flo & Eddie were the supporting act.
The follow-up albums, Propaganda and Indiscreet, the latter produced by Tony Visconti, were similarly successful and produced the hit singles "Looks, Looks, Looks", "Never Turn Your Back on Mother Earth" and "Something for the Girl with Everything".
The Maels returned home to Los Angeles in 1976.
Concerned that their music may have become stale, they adopted a more "American" sound and recorded Big Beat with Rupert Holmes and Jeffrey Lesser on production, which they followed with Introducing Sparks; both albums were mostly recorded with session musicians.
This new "West Coast" sound yielded such songs as "Nothing to Do", "Everybody's Stupid", and "Throw Her Away (and Get a New One)".
They performed the songs "Fill 'Er Up" and "Big Boy."
By 1977 the brothers found themselves at a crossroads.
They had grown tired of recording within a traditional rock band framework and were determined to take their music in a more electronic direction.
In a conversation with a German journalist, they expressed their admiration for Giorgio Moroder, a pioneer of electronic disco and pop music.
Moroder happened to be a friend of the journalist, and he was able to connect the brothers with the Italian producer, who produced their next album, No. . 1 in Heaven
More synthesizer-based than their previous efforts, the album would redefine Sparks' sound and challenge the concept of what is meant by a band, and it also become a major influence on emerging electronic pop artists.
The follow-up album in 1980, Terminal Jive, had a hit single in France, "When I'm With You", which led to the Maels' staying in the country for a year promoting the album, Russell became conversationally fluent in French.
The single also hit the Top 20 in Australia, reaching No.
Finding the electronic equipment that they had adopted for their new sound too cumbersome for touring, the band returned to the more conventional band format for their next three releases, although they did not eschew synthesizers entirely: Whomp That Sucker, Angst in My Pants (two tracks from which appear later in the 1983 movie Valley Girl) and In Outer Space.
They finally broke into the US singles chart with "Cool Places" from 1983's In Outer Space.
The track was a collaboration with the Go-Go's rhythm guitarist and backing vocalist Jane Wiedlin (who at one time ran her own Sparks fan club), and its success was in part thanks to Los Angeles' KROQ-FM radio station, which hailed them as local heroes.
In 1984, the Maels wrote and performed several original songs on the soundtrack for the black comedy teen film Bad Manners (aka: Growing Pains), including the film's title song, "Bad Manners".
In 1988, they scored a hit single in France and in Europe with "Singing in the Shower", sung in duet with Rita Mitsouko: the single was produced by Tony Visconti.
Beginning in the late 1980s, Sparks attempted to make the Japanese manga Mai, the Psychic Girl into a musical, with interest from Tim Burton and Carolco Pictures, who purchased the film rights in August 1991.
The option on the film rights eventually expired, and Burton dropped out.
Francis Ford Coppola later developed the property in the late 1990s.
By February 2001, a script had been written by Lisa Addario and Joey Syracuse for Sony's Columbia Pictures.
The release of The Seduction of Ingmar Bergman, a radio musical by Sparks, in August 2009, was informed by the six years the band spent trying to get their Mai, the Psychic Girl produced.
The album generated new interest, and gained a "second wind", vocalist Russell Mael explained.
"The music is all ready and we are hoping that this still might see the light of day."
On May 18, 2010, Burton expressed renewed interest in adapting the property.
1990s – A new beginning
In 1993, Ron and Russell returned with the single "National Crime Awareness Week," their first release since the 1988 album Interior Design.
In Germany, "When Do I Get to Sing 'My Way'" was the No.
1 airplay song for 1994 as well as being hailed critically for its poignant lyrics and touching melody.
The band toured in support of the album with percussionist Christi Haydon playing drums.
Half of the album was recorded by Tony Visconti in London with the other half recorded by the brothers in their own purpose-built studio in LA, surrounded by busts of Elvis.
In 1998 they recorded the soundtrack for the action film Knock Off, starring Jean-Claude Van Damme, directed by the acclaimed Hong Kong-based producer/director Tsui Hark (who had appeared on his own tribute song by the band on the album Gratuitous Sax and Senseless Violins).
Balls, released in 2000, again put the band in a context of electronic instrumentation with some of Ron's most striking and perceptive lyrics.
With the release of Balls the band toured the UK, Germany, Japan and Australia.
After Balls, the band resurfaced in 2002 with the release of an album described as their "genre-defining opus" – Lil' Beethoven, featuring quasi-classical arrangements of strings and choirs.
Lil' Beethoven led to renewed interest in the band.
Record Collector magazine named the album as one of its "Best New Albums of 2002", describing it as "... possibly the most exciting and interesting release ever from such a long established act" and later in 2003 saying "... it really does feel like one of the best albums ever made."
A UK and European tour had the band playing the entire album each night in the first half of the show, with fan favourites making up the second.
They performed their breakthrough Kimono My House album, followed by Lil Beethoven, both in their entirety.
Also in this period, the duo appeared in the music video for the Darkness' Justin Hawkins's cover of "This Town Ain't Big Enough for Both of Us", in which Ron and Russell play the referee and MC at a darts match between Hawkins and darts champion Phil Taylor.
This version of "This Town" reached No.
6 in the UK charts.
Sparks would later release Lil' Beethoven's closing track Suburban Homeboy as a single.
February 2006 saw the release of Hello Young Lovers, their twentieth studio album.
The album is regarded as carrying on where Lil' Beethoven left off, being described as "... cynical, intelligent and very, very funny", it has met with considerable acclaim.
Sparks lead off the album with the striking tune that the BBC deemed too provocative in its title to play, "Dick Around."
The song is a multi-section, multi-mood, highly layered track that many felt should have been a UK smash hit had the BBC not misinterpreted the title of the song as being other than it was.
The brothers tend to be dismissive of the latest trends in popular music, seeing most current bands as lacking musical ambition and experimental drive.
Indeed, the predictable trends in much of modern rock, as they see it, served as inspiration for their latest album.
The pair appeared in the season 6 finale of the US TV show Gilmore Girls, performing "Perfume" from the album Hello Young Lovers.
They released a live DVD of a September 2006 show at The Forum as well as a long-awaited CD release of their previously unavailable 1977 album Introducing Sparks.
The track "Perfume" was featured in a Dolce & Gabbana TV commercial in 2009.
On May 12, 2008, Sparks released the single "Good Morning", taken from the album Exotic Creatures of the Deep.
May and June 2008 saw the 21-night "Sparks Spectacular" in London, where they played each of their albums in chronological order during the first twenty nights, and premiered their new album on the twenty-first concert on June 13, 2008.
Each night, they performed an album in its entirety followed by a rare track – many of the songs had never been performed live before.
The band asked their fans to visit their website and vote for the track that they'd most like to hear the band perform during the second half of the 21st concert after the premiere of Exotic Creatures of the Deep, though Russell admitted that he and Ron would probably influence the poll a little.
Fans who bought a "Golden Ticket" (which allowed entry into all 21 gigs) also received a poster signed by the band and a CD single entitled "Islington N1", a reference to the postal address of the venue for the first 20 gigs.
The song "Islington N1" was later made available in the box set edition of their "New Music For Amnesiacs" career spanning box set.
In 2009 the band played two consecutive nights at The Forum on 20 and 21 March.
They played Exotic Creatures of the Deep in its entirety at both gigs, followed by Kimono My House in its entirety on the first night and No.
1 in Heaven in its entirety on the second night.
Valentine's Day evening 2009 saw Sparks perform the same show featuring their Exotic Creatures of the Deep and Kimono My House albums played in their entirety before a sold-out hometown crowd at Royce Hall at the Mael Bros. alma mater in Los Angeles, UCLA.
Ron and Russell appeared as interview subjects in the 2009 documentary The Magnificent Tati, discussing their involvement during the early 1980s in Confusion, a proposed Jacques Tati movie for which a screenplay was written but never shot (due to Tati's death).
The Seduction of Ingmar Bergman (2009)
Main article: The Seduction of Ingmar Bergman
On August 14, 2009, the band premiered the radio musical The Seduction of Ingmar Bergman, commissioned by the Swedish public radio (SR) and featuring the Mael brothers themselves and Swedish actors Elin Klinga and Jonas Malmsjö, both of whom worked with Bergman in his lifetime.
The musical, partly in English, partly in Swedish, tells the story of Bergman's relocation to Hollywood after his breakthrough with Smiles of a Summer Night (1956), and the surreal and discomforting encounter with the movie capital.
On October 28, 2009, the UK's BBC Radio 6 Music held a similar event in London whereby the musical was played in its entirety before a live audience at the BBC Broadcasting House in London and later to be broadcast with a Q&A with the Maels.
In interviews for Swedish newspapers, the band said they hoped to be able to theatrically stage the musical as well as turn the musical into a feature film.
Amongst the filmmakers cited as undertaking The Seduction of Ingmar Bergman with the Mael Brothers is Canadian avant-garde director Guy Maddin.
On June 25, 2011 as part of the Los Angeles Film Festival, Sparks presented the World Premiere live performance of The Seduction of Ingmar Bergman.
Canadian film director Guy Maddin provided directions based on the screenplay, with Ron and Russell reprising their recorded roles on stage.
The show was held at the John Anson Ford Amphitheatre in Hollywood.
The group showcased at the film festival in their quest for funding for the feature film version.
The performance garnered glowing reviews from journals such as The Huffington Post, the LA Times, the LA Weekly, and LA Record.
Since 2011, the band have been pursuing the idea of turning The Seduction of Ingmar Bergman into a feature film.
Originally envisaged as a live-action film, in 2017, the Mael Brothers announced they were taking a new direction and developing Bergman as an animated feature film with director Joseph Wallace, who created the music video for their track "Edith Piaf (Said It Better Than Me)".
The two songs mark the first time in 21 years that the Bookworm show has used a new theme song, these being commissioned by show host and Sparks fan Michael Silverblatt.
The compositions were entitled "Where Would We Be Without Books?"
and "I Am A Bookworm".
For the encore of what may have been the final live date ever in America for Faith No More on December 1 at the Hollywood Palladium in Los Angeles, Ron and Russell Mael were invited by Mike Patton and Co. to perform the Sparks' classic hit "This Town Ain't Big Enough for Both of Us."
They reprised the song that also appears as a collaboration with Faith No More on Sparks' 1997 album Plagiarism and had also been released as a single.
In 2012 Ron and Russell collaborated with singer Gemma Ray who released a limited 12-inch single titled "Gemma Ray Sings Sparks (with Sparks)," which included Ray's covers of Sparks' "How Do I Get To Carnegie Hall" and "Eaten by the Monster of Love".
Though the songs were covers sung by Ray, they were arranged and produced by the Maels.
In October, Ron and Russell performed for the first time ever as a duo, with no band.
The 18-city European tour titled "Two Hands One Mouth" began in Lithuania and followed in Latvia, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Germany, Belgium, the UK and Ireland.
The final UK concert of the tour was at the sold-out Barbican Centre in London.
The tour then took the group to Japan with concerts in Tokyo and Osaka in January 2013.
In April 2013, the show was presented for the first time in the US with two performances at the Coachella Festival.
A short US tour with shows in New York City, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Portland, Seattle, and Philadelphia followed.
In May 2013 Ron and Russell played the show in Paris, France, which coincided with their visit to the Cannes Film Festival.
In Paris they were joined on stage by Catherine Ringer from Les Rita Mitsouko to sing on their 1989 collaboration "Singing in The Shower".
Sparks first live album, Two Hands, One Mouth: Live in Europe was released in 2013.
It contains concert recordings gathered from various cities during the October 2012 European tour.
In Fall Ron and Russell continued touring in the duo format for a second round.
The tour was titled "The Revenge of Two Hands One Mouth."
The two-and-a-half-month tour started with shows in the US and Canada.
Sparks played in Los Angeles (The Fonda Theatre), New York City (Webster Hall), Fun Fun Fun Fest in Austin, Mountain Oasis Electronic Summit in Asheville, Atlanta, Boston, Washington D.C. (9:30 Club), Toronto, Montreal, Chicago, and Pontiac.
The tour then continued to Europe, where they played three nights at Union Chapel in London (where Thurston Moore (ex-Sonic Youth joined them to play guitar on "This Town Ain't Big Enough for Both of Us" on one of the nights), as well as additional shows in the UK, Switzerland, France, Spain, and Sweden.
Both "Two Hands One Mouth" and "The Revenge of Two Hands One Mouth" tours were critically well received.
In February 2014 it was announced the Sparks (Ron and Russell) are working on material with Franz Ferdinand.
2014 marked the 40th Anniversary of Sparks' most popular and most influential album, Kimono My House.
The album was performed with the 35-piece Heritage Orchestra.
The show included a second half consisting of songs from Sparks' entire career, that were also orchestrated for the show.
The first night sold out within the first few hours.
On the second night, they announced that they had completed the recording of their new album.
Ron and Russell took the Kimono My House celebrations to Los Angeles as they performed the album on two consecutive nights with a 38-piece orchestra at the United Artists Theatre at Ace Hotel Los Angeles on Valentine's Day 14 February and on 15 February 2015.
The orchestra was conducted by Suzie Katayama.
Both shows sold out and they received glowing reviews.
Alex Kapranos of Franz Ferdinand joined them on stage for duet with Russell on the song "When Do I Get to Sing 'My Way'" on both nights and it was then announced that Sparks and FF had joined forces to form a new, then yet-to-be-revealed band and to record an album.
In the fall of 2015 the title track from Angst in My Pants was used in a commercial for men's underwear by retailer Tommy John.
The ad was titled "The Big Adjustment" and depicted men, from various walks of life, attempting to secretly adjust their ill-fitting underwear to humorous effect.
Main article: FFS (band)
A short teaser of the FFS song, "The Power Couple", was released on the group's YouTube channel.
The alternative meaning behind the band's name "Franz Ferdinand / Sparks" was confirmed with a clip of the musicians playing "Chinese Whispers."
It was also confirmed that the band would be releasing a studio album in 2015 with producer John Congleton and that the band would be touring in the summer.
On April 1, it was announced that the group's new album would be titled FFS and that it would be released on June 8 in the UK and on June 9 in the US.
On March 24, 2017, Sparks performed at the BBC Radio 6 Music Festival in Glasgow, Scotland, prior to the release of a new studio album, Hippopotamus due out in September.
The band, consisting of the Mael brothers with 5 other musicians, kicked off their 2017 tour in Copenhagen on August 7.
Hippopotamus was both a critical and commercial success, peaking at number 7 in the UK Albums Chart.
In 2019, Sparks collaborated with and were featured on French artist Sebastian's album, Thirst on the track, "Handcuffed to a Parking Meter".
In July, the band Sparks announced that they were working on a new album.
"Please Don't Fuck Up My World", the first single, was released in December.
A Steady Drip, Drip, Drip (2020)
In January 2020, Sparks announced the upcoming release of their new album, A Steady Drip, Drip, Drip, comprising 14 songs.
A UK and European tour was scheduled for October.
The single "Self-Effacing", was released in February followed by "I'm Toast" in March.
The album had its digital release on May 15, 2020, with the physical release pushed back to July 3, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic; like its predecessor, Hippopotamus, it entered the UK Albums Chart at number 7 and garnered universal critical acclaim.
Coinciding with the physical release of the album, an official music video for the song "The Existential Threat" premiered on YouTube, the animation created by English freelance animator and composer Cyriak Harris.
Annette musical, Edgar Wright documentary
Sparks is involved in two upcoming film releases, as screenwriters and composers for the musical Annette, directed by Leos Carax and starring Adam Driver and Marion Cotillard, and in a documentary about their career directed by Edgar Wright.
Annette had been scheduled to premiere at the 2020 Cannes Film Festival, which was however cancelled as a result of the pandemic.
Sparks is generally regarded as an art pop band.
Their musical style has varied dramatically with Russell Mael's distinctive wide-ranging voice (in particular his far reaching falsetto) and Ron Mael's intricate and rhythmic keyboard playing style being the common thread throughout their fifty-year career.
In the beginning they attempted to emulate the sound of their English idols, such as the Who, Syd Barrett-era Pink Floyd and the Kinks, sometimes even pretending to be an English band while on the LA club circuit.
They relocated to England during the glam rock era where, despite cutting an odd figure on this scene, they found success with their polished brand of intricate pop tunes and convoluted lyrics.
By the second half of the decade, they were concerned that the sound they had developed while based in England was in danger of becoming stale; they returned to LA, determined to adopt a more "West Coast" sound.
This they achieved with producer Rupert Holmes on Big Beat and (sans Holmes) on Introducing Sparks.
The band were not satisfied with the results, which they felt lacked personality, perhaps because of the reliance on session musicians.
1 in Heaven which relied on synthesizers.
This album is regarded as a landmark in the development of electronic music and greatly influenced bands which would emerge in the following years.
They soon returned to a more traditional line-up, which remained until 1988's Interior Design.
There then followed a long hiatus until 1994's Gratuitous Sax & Senseless Violins, which was a foray into the techno dance world, which they had helped to spawn back in the late 1970s.
In 2002, the band switched to a classically influenced art pop style with the release of their album Lil' Beethoven, replacing the beat-driven synth-pop of their previous albums with complex orchestral arrangements.
The band acknowledged this change in style on the album's opening track "The Rhythm Thief".
Lyrically, the band's style has been described as coming from "the school of Cole Porter, favouring caustic wit over trivial personal problems, ... achingly clever lyrics seesaw between superficial gloss, profound sentiment and the incomprehensibly bizarre."
Repeated lyrical motifs have become a distinct feature on recent albums.
On "My Baby's Taking Me Home" of Lil' Beethoven (2002), the song title is repeated 104 times, with no other words being used, other than a spoken interlude.
Similarly, on the same album, "Your Call Is Very Important To Us", uses a corporation style call-hold message: "Your call is very important to us.
Please hold" which is then sung with some additional words: "At first she said your call is very important to us, then she said please, please hold."
The only other lyrics in the song are "Red light", "Green light", "I'm Getting Mixed Signals" and "Sorry, I'm Going To Have To Put You Back On Hold".
These elements are layered with a simple piano line to create a highly textured effect.
The vocal sound on the single "This Town Ain't Big Enough for Both of Us" was criticised as being "stylised".
This may be because the song was written without any regard for the vocal style of Russell Mael.
Ron Mael has explained:
Russell Mael has claimed in reply:
Sparks have influenced many later genres including synth-pop, new wave, post-punk, and alternative music, influencing a wide range of singers and bands including New Order, Depeche Mode, The Smiths, Siouxsie and the Banshees, They Might Be Giants, Sonic Youth, “Weird Al” Yankovic, Nirvana and Björk.
Peter Hook of New Order cited Giorgio Moroder's production on "The Number One Song in Heaven" as a major influence when his band changed of musical style to produce electro/dance rock songs like "Temptation" in 1982.
New Order also delivered an extended live version of "When I'm With You" that same year in Milano.
Gore also later covered "Never Turn Your Back on Mother Earth" on his Counterfeit e.p.
I was immediately fascinated with that song."
Sparks were also namechecked by indie pop band the Smiths.
Their singer Morrissey named Kimono My House as one of "his favourite LPs of all time".
Smiths' guitarist and composer Johnny Marr said : "There’s nothing better than commerciality crossed with an interesting mind" and named "This Town Ain’t Big Enough for the Both of Us" as an instance, qualifying it as one of these "Trojan singles".
Siouxsie and the Banshees recorded a version of the first Sparks' success as the opening song of their covers album Through the Looking Glass.
Thurston Moore of Sonic Youth also included the Sparks' song "Equator" in his list of all-time favorite songs.
According to Kurt Cobain's biographer Christopher Sandford, the Nirvana singer gave "specific references" when recording their first album Bleach: "the guitar part in 'Love Buzz' was lifted from Sparks' Kimono My House".
Björk talked about Kimono my House as one of the records that changed her life.
"[Sparks] were exotic [...], [they] were the most refreshing thing in my life" when she was eight.
"I loved the way Russell Mael sung like a geisha, and that they were into wearing geisha clothes, as I was really into Japanese people".
Faith No More also mentioned the group and their performances.
Their keyboard player Roddy Bottum said: "I saw Sparks play on American Bandstand in 1975.
My sister and I went out and immediately bought Indiscreet.
He said about their music: "It's only after a few listens you really can get into it [...] Then you really fall in love and bands change your life.
Now I can't imagine life without them"."
He had covered the band's concert in London in May at 02 Forum Kentish Town.
This concert will also be a part of the documentary.
Main article: Sparks discography
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparks (band).