Sublime (band)

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Sublime (band)_table_infobox_0

SublimeSublime (band)_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationSublime (band)_header_cell_0_1_0
OriginSublime (band)_header_cell_0_2_0 Long Beach, California, U.S.Sublime (band)_cell_0_2_1
GenresSublime (band)_header_cell_0_3_0 Sublime (band)_cell_0_3_1
Years activeSublime (band)_header_cell_0_4_0 1988–1996Sublime (band)_cell_0_4_1
LabelsSublime (band)_header_cell_0_5_0 Sublime (band)_cell_0_5_1
Associated actsSublime (band)_header_cell_0_6_0 Sublime (band)_cell_0_6_1
Past membersSublime (band)_header_cell_0_8_0 Sublime (band)_cell_0_8_1

Sublime was an American ska punk band from Long Beach, California, formed in 1988. Sublime (band)_sentence_0

The band's line-up, unchanged until their breakup, consisted of Bradley Nowell (vocals and guitar), Eric Wilson (bass), and Bud Gaugh (drums). Sublime (band)_sentence_1

Lou Dog, Nowell's dalmatian, was the mascot of the band. Sublime (band)_sentence_2

Nowell died of a heroin overdose in 1996, resulting in Sublime's breakup. Sublime (band)_sentence_3

In 1997, songs such as "What I Got", "Santeria", "Wrong Way", "Doin' Time", and "April 29, 1992 (Miami)" were released to U.S. radio. Sublime (band)_sentence_4

Sublime released three studio albums, one live album, five compilation albums (one of which also contains never-before released material), three EPs, and one box set. Sublime (band)_sentence_5

Although their first two albums—40oz. Sublime (band)_sentence_6 to Freedom (1992) and Robbin' the Hood (1994)—were quite popular in the United States, Sublime did not experience major commercial success until 1996 with their self-titled third album, released two months after Nowell's death, which peaked at No. Sublime (band)_sentence_7

13 on the Billboard 200, and spawned the single "What I Got", which remains the band's only No. Sublime (band)_sentence_8

1 hit single (on the Billboard Alternative Songs chart) in their musical career. Sublime (band)_sentence_9

As of 2009, the band has sold over 17 million albums worldwide, including about 10 million in the U.S. alone. Sublime (band)_sentence_10

Michael "Miguel" Happoldt and Marshall Goodman "Ras MG" contributed to several Sublime songs. Sublime (band)_sentence_11

In 2009, the surviving members attempted to reform the band with Rome Ramirez, a young guitarist and admitted Sublime fan from California. Sublime (band)_sentence_12

However, not long after performing at Cypress Hill's Smokeout Festival, a Los Angeles judge banned the new lineup from using the Sublime name as they needed permission from Nowell's estate, which owns the rights to the Sublime name. Sublime (band)_sentence_13

This prompted the lineup of Wilson, Gaugh and Ramirez to change their name to Sublime with Rome, which has since released three albums, although Gaugh left the group shortly after the release of their 2011 debut Yours Truly. Sublime (band)_sentence_14

History Sublime (band)_section_0

Early career (1988–1991) Sublime (band)_section_1

Eric Wilson and Bud Gaugh were childhood friends. Sublime (band)_sentence_15

Having grown up in the same Long Beach neighborhood, Eric's father, Billy Wilson taught Gaugh how to read music and play the drums. Sublime (band)_sentence_16

Gaugh and Wilson together with future Sublime manager, Michael Happoldt, formed a three-piece punk band called The Juice Bros during their high school years. Sublime (band)_sentence_17

About this time, Bradley Nowell, who had recently dropped out of University of California, Santa Cruz, joined the band. Sublime (band)_sentence_18

Nowell helped introduce Gaugh and Wilson (who at the time listened exclusively to punk rock) to reggae and ska. Sublime (band)_sentence_19

Sublime played its first gig on the 4th of July, 1988 in a small club. Sublime (band)_sentence_20

Music venues were skeptical of the band's eclectic musical fusion and many refused to book the band. Sublime (band)_sentence_21

In response, the band created their own music label, Skunk Records, and told venues that they were "Skunk Records recording artists", which helped the band seem more accomplished and subsequently book more shows. Sublime (band)_sentence_22

For the next several years, the group focused primarily on playing at parties and small clubs throughout Southern California with local ska bands such as Smokestacks, No Doubt and Skeletones. Sublime (band)_sentence_23

The trio recorded a few songs and put forth a number of short demos. Sublime (band)_sentence_24

In February 1990, Nowell adopted an abused dalmatian puppy from a shelter and named him "Louie" after his grandfather. Sublime (band)_sentence_25

Louie Nowell, King Louie, or "Lou Dog" as he was called, became something of a mascot for the band. Sublime (band)_sentence_26

Lou Dog was often allowed to wander around the stage during the band's concert performances. Sublime (band)_sentence_27

One of Sublime's early club venues in 1990 was at a downtown club in Long Beach called Toe Jam. Sublime (band)_sentence_28

This Club was owned and operated by David Rice, James Walker, Jason Burch and Jeff King. Sublime (band)_sentence_29

A private party was held in February 1991 at Toe Jam for one of the owners. Sublime (band)_sentence_30

Special thanks can be found for Toe Jam and the owners on the back of the later produced album, 40oz. Sublime (band)_sentence_31

to Freedom. Sublime (band)_sentence_32

In late 1990, music student Michael "Miguel" Happoldt approached the band, offering to let the band record in the studio at the school where Happoldt was studying. Sublime (band)_sentence_33

The band enthusiastically agreed and trespassed into the school at night, where they recorded from midnight to seven in the morning. Sublime (band)_sentence_34

The recording session resulted in the popular cassette tape called Jah Won't Pay the Bills, which was released in 1991 and featured songs that would appear on the band's future albums. Sublime (band)_sentence_35

The tape helped the band gain a grassroots following throughout Southern California. Sublime (band)_sentence_36

40oz. to Freedom and Robbin' the Hood (1992–1995) Sublime (band)_section_2

Eventually, Sublime developed a large following in California. Sublime (band)_sentence_37

After concentrating on playing live shows, the band released 40oz. Sublime (band)_sentence_38 to Freedom in 1992 under Nowell's label, Skunk Records. Sublime (band)_sentence_39

The record established Sublime's blend of ska, reggae, punk, surf rock, and hip hop, and helped to further strengthen the group's growing California following. Sublime (band)_sentence_40

Initially being sold exclusively at their live shows, the album became widely known in the greater Los Angeles area after rock radio station KROQ began playing the song, "Date Rape". Sublime (band)_sentence_41

By 1996, 40oz. Sublime (band)_sentence_42

to Freedom had sold more than 209,000 units, beating the future self-titled album's running total of 145,000 unit sales. Sublime (band)_sentence_43

In 1992/1993, Sublime was briefly signed to Danny Holloway's True Sound imprint. Sublime (band)_sentence_44

However, the band stayed on Skunk Records and then in June 1994, they were signed to the label Gasoline Alley of MCA Records by Jon Phillips who subsequently became Sublime's manager. Sublime (band)_sentence_45

Sublime released their second album Robbin' the Hood in 1994, an experimental effort with its diffuse mixture of rock, rap, spoken-word nonsense and folk-leaning acoustic home recordings. Sublime (band)_sentence_46

Robbin' the Hood was a commercial failure. Sublime (band)_sentence_47

The band toured extensively throughout 1994-1995, their popularity increasing gradually beyond the West Coast as "Date Rape" began earning radio play. Sublime (band)_sentence_48

In 1995, the band co-headlined the inaugural nationwide Vans Warped Tour. Sublime (band)_sentence_49

The band was eventually asked to leave the tour for a week due to unruly behavior of Sublime guests and Lou Dog biting four different individuals. Sublime (band)_sentence_50

Gaugh reflected on the experience: "Basically, our daily regimen was wake up, drink, drink more, play, and then drink a lot more. Sublime (band)_sentence_51

We'd call people names. Sublime (band)_sentence_52

Nobody got our sense of humor. Sublime (band)_sentence_53

Then we brought the dog out and he bit a few skaters, and that was the last straw." Sublime (band)_sentence_54

After the Warped Tour and the subsequent Three Ring Circus Tour, the band was pressured to begin producing new studio material as a follow-up to Robbin' the Hood. Sublime (band)_sentence_55

Nowell's death, self-titled final album and breakup (1996) Sublime (band)_section_3

In early 1996, Sublime headlined the very first SnoCore Tour. Sublime (band)_sentence_56

In February, they began recording what would comprise the band's self-titled third record and their major label debut album. Sublime (band)_sentence_57

Sublime completed it before Nowell died of a heroin overdose on May 25, 1996 at a motel in San Francisco, California, the day after their last live show in Petaluma, California (May 24, 1996), and two months prior to the release of the self-titled album. Sublime (band)_sentence_58

Nowell was found dead at 11:30 a.m. in a motel room after a night of partying. Sublime (band)_sentence_59

He was 28 years old. Sublime (band)_sentence_60

Some Sublime fans were not aware of Nowell's death when the self-titled album became a huge success, including the single "What I Got", which peaked at number one on the Modern Rock chart. Sublime (band)_sentence_61

The album earned the band worldwide fame, and was certified 5x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) in December 1999. Sublime (band)_sentence_62

In addition to "What I Got", the album included several other popular posthumous singles, including "Santeria", "Doin' Time", "Wrong Way" and "April 29, 1992 (Miami)", all of which received heavy airplay. Sublime (band)_sentence_63

Jason Westfall, one of Sublime's managers, was quoted as saying that "the surviving members of Sublime had no interest in continuing to perform and record under the 'Sublime' name. Sublime (band)_sentence_64

"Just like Nirvana, Sublime died when Brad died." Sublime (band)_sentence_65

Post-breakup (1997–present) Sublime (band)_section_4

A number of posthumous releases followed, among them Second-Hand Smoke in 1997 and both Stand by Your Van and Sublime Acoustic: Bradley Nowell & Friends in 1998. Sublime (band)_sentence_66

Second-Hand Smoke, produced by Michael "Miguel" Happoldt, is described as an "assemblage of leftovers, remixes and rarities" that hints at possible musical directions Sublime may have pursued if Nowell had not died. Sublime (band)_sentence_67

By the release of their Greatest Hits compilation in 1999 the band had released as many albums after Nowell's death as during his lifetime. Sublime (band)_sentence_68

A box set of demos, rarities and live recordings, entitled Everything Under the Sun, was released on November 14, 2006. Sublime (band)_sentence_69

The band later released several vinyl picture discs including 40 Oz. Sublime (band)_sentence_70

To Freedom, Second Hand Smoke, and Stand By Your Van. Sublime (band)_sentence_71

On June 16, 2012, the group reunited to give a show at the D-Tox Rockfest in Montebello, Quebec (under the Sublime with Rome moniker). Sublime (band)_sentence_72

Nowell's widow, Troy Holmes Nowell, has negotiated with the band's record label and entertainment impresario Paul Ruffino to produce a documentary film about Sublime's successful association with Brad Nowell; the project was delayed until Mr. Nowell's estate could be settled. Sublime (band)_sentence_73

In October 1997, Troy and singer Courtney Love collaborated with the advocacy group Partnership for a Drug-Free America on a series of public service announcements for television intended to de-glamorize drug use and help disassociate it from the music industry. Sublime (band)_sentence_74

Following Sublime's dissolution, former members Eric Wilson and Bud Gaugh founded the Long Beach Dub Allstars in 1997, which also included many frequent Sublime contributors such as Michael "Miguel" Happoldt (former member of The Ziggens), Marshall Goodman "Ras MG" (former Sublime member), and Todd Forman (3rd Alley). Sublime (band)_sentence_75

LBDA disbanded in 2002, due to several members of the band breaking a no-drug vow they had taken. Sublime (band)_sentence_76

Bud Gaugh joined the short-lived Eyes Adrift, a supergroup consisting of Bud on drums, Krist Novoselic (of Nirvana) on bass and Curt Kirkwood (of the Meat Puppets) on guitar and lead vocals. Sublime (band)_sentence_77

On September 24, 2002, Eyes Adrift released their only album, a self-titled LP consisting of 12 songs. Sublime (band)_sentence_78

They released one single from the CD, entitled "Alaska". Sublime (band)_sentence_79

In 2005, No Doubt bassist Tony Kanal, who had performed with the group, recollected on their career, saying "They made a sound that somehow fused rock, reggae, punk and hip-hop in a way that was seamless and credible, bound together by the undeniable soul of Brad Nowell's voice." Sublime (band)_sentence_80

He was joined by other members of bands that had performed with Sublime, such as Pennywise, punk progenitor Mike Watt, Philadelphia neo-bluesman G Love, California beachcomber Jack Johnson, Latin-rock eclecticists Ozomatli and progressive hip-hop figures Michael Franti and Gift of Gab on "Look at All the Love We Found: A Tribute to Sublime," to donate money to help support artists with substance abuse problems. Sublime (band)_sentence_81

On June 5, 2013, it was announced that Sublime would be celebrating the 25th anniversary of their first show (which happened on July 4, 1988) with the release of their first live album/concert film. Sublime (band)_sentence_82

The album, titled 3 Ring Circus - Live at The Palace, features footage recorded at a 1995 show in Hollywood and was released on June 18, 2013. Sublime (band)_sentence_83

The deluxe version features extras including a poster, backstage pass and a separate concert film of the band's performance recorded in 1995 at the Las Palmas Theatre. Sublime (band)_sentence_84

In March, 2017, for the 25th anniversary of their seminal debut album “40oz. Sublime (band)_sentence_85

to Freedom.” the group announced that they teamed up with AleSmith Brewing Company to release a Mexican-style lager initially dubbed "40oz. Sublime (band)_sentence_86

to Freedom.". Sublime (band)_sentence_87

A limited edition of the batch of beer was bottled in 40-ounce containers and sold through the San Diego brewery. Sublime (band)_sentence_88

The entire run of 40-ounce bottles sold out in five minutes. Sublime (band)_sentence_89

The cans, which feature Sublime’s trademark sun design created by artist Opie Ortiz, were headed toward 19 states as of September 14, 2017. Sublime (band)_sentence_90

AleSmith was on pace to ship 3,400 barrels of the beer (renamed to Sublime Mexican Lager) by Dec. 31, which is 8.5% of AleSmith’s 40,000 barrels of total production for 2017. Sublime (band)_sentence_91

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Sublime among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. Sublime (band)_sentence_92

Musical style and influences Sublime (band)_section_5

Sublime was one of the most popular bands of the third wave of ska, specifically characterized as ska punk. Sublime (band)_sentence_93

Sublime often combined punk rock and hardcore punk with hip hop, heavy metal, dancehall, reggae, ska, funk, and (21st century) surf music. Sublime (band)_sentence_94

Sublime also has been described as reggae rock. Sublime (band)_sentence_95

Bob Marley and associated Jamaican reggae acts The Wailers, and Peter Tosh feature prominently in Sublime's songs, as do other Jamaican reggae and dancehall acts such as Born Jamericans, Toots & the Maytals, The Melodians, Wayne Smith, Tenor Saw, Frankie Paul, The Wailing Souls, Barrington Levy, Half Pint and Yellowman. Sublime (band)_sentence_96

The band additionally covered "Smoke Two Joints" originally by Oregon-based reggae group The Toyes. Sublime (band)_sentence_97

Sublime was also heavily influenced by the 1980s and 1990s hip-hop and rap scene of Los Angeles and New York City, alluding to or borrowing from such acts as N.W.A and Eazy-E (who died 14 months before Nowell), Beastie Boys, Just-Ice, Public Enemy and Flavor Flav, KRS-One, Doug E. Fresh, Too $hort, Mobb Deep, as well as the Philadelphia-based rapper Steady B and Texas hip-hop The Geto Boys. Sublime (band)_sentence_98

The southern California metal, surf rock and punk scene influencing Sublime includes Big Drill Car (who were thanked in the first two albums), The Ziggens, Minutemen, Descendents, Bad Religion, The Bel-Airs, Butthole Surfers, Secret Hate, as well as new wave/fusion band Fishbone. Sublime (band)_sentence_99

Sublime was also influenced by Washington, DC hardcore acts such as Minor Threat, Fugazi (who were also thanked in the first album) and Bad Brains. Sublime (band)_sentence_100

The band also referenced popular California-based rock bands and artists like Grateful Dead, The Doors, Jimi Hendrix, Red Hot Chili Peppers, sixties underground and counter-culture icon, Frank Zappa, and even Swedish pop band ABBA. Sublime (band)_sentence_101

A few references are made to funk, R&B, and soul artists and bands such as James Brown, the Ohio Players, Aswad, as well as a smattering of Irish, Scottish and English bands like Boomtown Rats, the ska band The Specials, and Primal Scream. Sublime (band)_sentence_102

Sublime's music was highlighted by bass-driven grooves, reggae rhythms, elaborately cadenced rhyme schemes and transitions between paces and styles throughout a given song, sometimes alternating between thrash punk, ska and reggae within the same song (see "Seed"). Sublime (band)_sentence_103

Their music often contains psychedelic, harmonic minor-based or bluesy guitar solos, rhythmically improvised bass solos or dub-lines, turntable scratching and rolling drum transitions and heavy bass lines. Sublime (band)_sentence_104

They are known for being one of the first and most influential reggae fusion musicians. Sublime (band)_sentence_105

Impact and legacy Sublime (band)_section_6

With the mainstream success of their self-titled album, going 5x platinum and earning worldwide airplay, Sublime's impact persists to this day. Sublime (band)_sentence_106

Their signature sound and their songs are often associated with the beach/coastal areas of Southern California, such as San Diego, Orange County, Venice Beach and Long Beach as well as areas of Northern California like Eureka. Sublime (band)_sentence_107

Over two decades after Nowell's death and the band's breakup, Sublime remains immensely popular throughout North America, especially in its state of origin, California. Sublime (band)_sentence_108

Its songs have been featured via soundtrack in a variety of media. Sublime (band)_sentence_109

Los Angeles alternative rock radio station KROQ has listed Sublime at No. Sublime (band)_sentence_110

3 in their annual "Top 106.7 biggest KROQ bands of all time" list for the past six years in a row, behind Red Hot Chili Peppers and Nirvana, and No. Sublime (band)_sentence_111

81 at the "Top 166 Artists of 1980-2008" list. Sublime (band)_sentence_112

With over 17 million units sold worldwide, Sublime is one of the most successful, and 'powerfully moving' ska-punk acts of all time influencing many modern reggae and ska acts. Sublime (band)_sentence_113

Members Sublime (band)_section_7

Timeline Sublime (band)_section_8

Discography Sublime (band)_section_9

Main article: Sublime discography Sublime (band)_sentence_114

Sublime (band)_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: (band).