Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests

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The tropical and subtropical dry forest is a habitat type defined by the World Wide Fund for Nature and is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_0

Though these forests occur in climates that are warm year-round, and may receive several hundred centimeters of rain per year, they have long dry seasons which last several months and vary with geographic location. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_1

These seasonal droughts have great impact on all living things in the forest. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_2

Deciduous trees predominate in most of these forests, and during the drought a leafless period occurs, which varies with species type. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_3

Because trees lose moisture through their leaves, the shedding of leaves allows trees such as teak and mountain ebony to conserve water during dry periods. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_4

The newly bare trees open up the canopy layer, enabling sunlight to reach ground level and facilitate the growth of thick underbrush. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_5

Trees on moister sites and those with access to ground water tend to be evergreen. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_6

Infertile sites also tend to support evergreen trees. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_7

Three tropical dry forest ecoregions, the East Deccan dry evergreen forests, the Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests, and the Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests, are characterized by evergreen trees. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_8

Though less biologically diverse than rainforests, tropical dry forests are home to a wide variety of wildlife including monkeys, deer, large cats, parrots, various rodents, and ground dwelling birds. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_9

Mammalian biomass tends to be higher in dry forests than in rain forests, especially in Asian and African dry forests. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_10

Many of these species display extraordinary adaptations to the difficult climate. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_11

This biome is alternately known as the tropical bane forest biome or the tropical and subtropical deciduous forest biome. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_12

Geographical variation Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_section_0

See also: Global_200 § Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_13

Dry forests tend to exist in the drier areas north and south of the tropical rainforest belt, south or north of the subtropical deserts, generally in two bands: one between 10° and 20°N latitude and the other between 10° and 20°S latitude. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_14

The most diverse dry forests in the world occur in western and southern Mexico and in the Bolivian lowlands. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_15

The dry forests of the Pacific Coast of northwestern South America support a wealth of unique species due to their dry climate. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_16

The Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets along the east coast of South Africa are diverse and support many endemic species. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_17

The dry forests of central India and Indochina are notable for their diverse large vertebrate faunas. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_18

Madagascar dry deciduous forests and New Caledonia dry forests are also highly distinctive (pronounced endemism and a large number of relictual taxa) for a wide range of taxa and at higher taxonomic levels. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_19

Trees use underground water during the dry seasons. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_20

Biodiversity patterns and requirements Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_section_1

Species tend to have wider ranges than moist forest species, although in some regions many species do display highly restricted ranges; most dry forest species are restricted to tropical dry forests, particularly in plants; beta diversity and alpha diversity high but typically lower than adjacent moist forests. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_21

Effective conservation of dry broadleaf forests requires the preservation of large and continuous areas of forest. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_22

Large natural areas are required to maintain larger predators and other vertebrates, and to buffer sensitive species from hunting pressure. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_23

The persistence of riparian forests and water sources is critical for many dry forest species. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_24

Large swathes of intact forest are required to allow species to recover from occasional large events, like forest fires. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_25

Dry forests are highly sensitive to excessive burning and deforestation; overgrazing and exotic species can also quickly alter natural communities; restoration is possible but challenging, particularly if degradation has been intense and persistent. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_sentence_26

Ecoregions Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_section_2

Afrotropical Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_section_3

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Nearctic Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_section_4

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Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_section_5

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Neotropical Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_section_6

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Oceanian Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_section_7

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  • Marianas tropical dry forestsTropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_item_4_50
  • Yap tropical dry forestsTropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_item_4_51
  • Hawaiian tropical dry forestsTropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_item_4_52
  • Fiji tropical dry forestsTropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_item_4_53

Australasian Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_section_8

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See also Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests_section_9

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests.