Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests

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"Tropical evergreen forest" redirects here. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_0

For the tropical evergreen coniferous forests, see tropical and subtropical coniferous forests. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_1

Tropical and subtropical moist forest (TSMF), also known as tropical moist forest, is a tropical and subtropical forest habitat type defined by the World Wide Fund for Nature. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_2

The habitat type is sometimes known as jungle. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_3

Description Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_section_0

TSMF is generally found in large, discontinuous patches centered on the equatorial belt and between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, TSMF are characterized by low variability in annual temperature and high levels of rainfall (>200 centimetres (79 in) annually). Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_4

Forest composition is dominated by evergreen and semi-evergreen deciduous tree species. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_5

These trees number in the thousands and contribute to the highest levels of species diversity in any terrestrial major habitat type. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_6

In general, biodiversity is highest in the forest canopy. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_7

The canopy can be divided into five layers: overstory canopy with emergent crowns, a medium layer of canopy, lower canopy, shrub level, and finally understory. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_8

These forests are home to more species than any other terrestrial ecosystem: Half of the world's species may live in these forests, where a square kilometer may be home to more than 1,000 tree species. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_9

These forests are found around the world, particularly in the Indo-Malayan Archipelago, the Amazon Basin, and the African Congo Basin. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_10

A perpetually warm, wet climate makes these environments more productive than any other terrestrial environment on Earth and promotes explosive plant growth. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_11

A tree here may grow over 23 metres (75 ft) in height in just 5 years. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_12

From above, the forest appears as an unending sea of green, broken only by occasional, taller "emergent" trees. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_13

These towering emergents are the realm of hornbills, toucans, and the harpy eagle. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_14

The canopy is home to many of the forest's animals, including apes and monkeys. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_15

Below the canopy, a lower understory hosts to snakes and big cats. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_16

The forest floor, relatively clear of undergrowth due to the thick canopy above, is prowled by other animals such as gorillas and deer. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_17

All levels of these forests contain an unparalleled diversity of invertebrate species, including New Guinea’s stick insects and butterflies that can grow over 30 centimetres (1 ft) in length. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_18

Many forests are being cleared for farmland, while others are subject to large-scale commercial logging. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_19

An area the size of Ireland is destroyed every few years. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_20

Types Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_section_1

Notable ecoregions Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_section_2

A number of TSMF ecoregions are notable for their biodiversity and endemism: Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_sentence_21

See also Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_section_3

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests_unordered_list_0


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests.