Swiss Alps

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The Alpine region of Switzerland, conventionally referred to as the Swiss Alps (German: Schweizer Alpen, French: Alpes suisses, Italian: Alpi svizzere, Romansh: Alps svizras), represents a major natural feature of the country and is, along with the Swiss Plateau and the Swiss portion of the Jura Mountains, one of its three main physiographic regions. Swiss Alps_sentence_0

The Swiss Alps extend over both the Western Alps and the Eastern Alps, encompassing an area sometimes called Central Alps. Swiss Alps_sentence_1

While the northern ranges from the Bernese Alps to the Appenzell Alps are entirely in Switzerland, the southern ranges from the Mont Blanc massif to the Bernina massif are shared with other countries such as France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. Swiss Alps_sentence_2

The Swiss Alps comprise almost all the highest mountains of the Alps, such as Dufourspitze (4,634 m), the Dom (4,545 m), the Liskamm (4,527 m), the Weisshorn (4,506 m) and the Matterhorn (4,478 m). Swiss Alps_sentence_3

The other following major summits can be found in this list of mountains of Switzerland. Swiss Alps_sentence_4

Since the Middle Ages, transit across the Alps played an important role in history. Swiss Alps_sentence_5

The region north of St Gotthard Pass became the nucleus of the Swiss Confederacy in the early 14th century. Swiss Alps_sentence_6

Geography Swiss Alps_section_0

See also: Geography of Switzerland Swiss Alps_sentence_7

The Alps cover 60% of Switzerland's total 41,285 square kilometres (15,940 sq mi) surface area, making it one of the most alpine countries. Swiss Alps_sentence_8

Despite the fact that Switzerland covers only 14% of the Alps total 192,753 square kilometres (74,422 sq mi) area, 48 out of 82 alpine four-thousanders are located in the Swiss Alps and practically all of the remaining 34 are within 20 kilometres (12 mi) of the country's border. Swiss Alps_sentence_9

The glaciers of the Swiss Alps cover an area of 1,220 square kilometres (470 sq mi) — 3% of the Swiss territory, representing 44% of the total glaciated area in the Alps i.e. 2,800 square kilometres (1,100 sq mi). Swiss Alps_sentence_10

The Swiss Alps are situated south of the Swiss Plateau and north of the national border. Swiss Alps_sentence_11

The limit between the Alps and the plateau runs from Vevey on the shores of Lake Geneva to Rorschach on the shores of Lake Constance, passing close to the cities of Thun and Lucerne. Swiss Alps_sentence_12

The not well defined regions in Switzerland that lie on the margin of the Alps, especially those on the north side, are called the Swiss Prealps (Préalpes in French, Voralpen in German, Prealpi in Italian). Swiss Alps_sentence_13

The Swiss Prealps are mainly made of limestone and they generally do not exceed 2,500 metres (8,200 ft). Swiss Alps_sentence_14

The Alpine cantons (from highest to lowest) are Valais, Bern, Graubünden, Uri, Glarus, Ticino, St. Swiss Alps_sentence_15 Gallen, Vaud, Obwalden, Nidwalden, Schwyz, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Fribourg, Lucerne and Zug. Swiss Alps_sentence_16

The countries with which Switzerland shares mountain ranges of the Alps are (from west to east): France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. Swiss Alps_sentence_17

Ranges Swiss Alps_section_1

The Alps are usually divided into two main parts, the Western Alps and Eastern Alps, whose division is along the Rhine from Lake Constance to the Splügen Pass. Swiss Alps_sentence_18

The western ranges occupy the greatest part of Switzerland while the more numerous eastern ranges are much smaller and are all situated in the canton of Graubünden. Swiss Alps_sentence_19

The latter is part of the Central Eastern Alps, except the Ortler Alps which belong to the Southern Limestone Alps. Swiss Alps_sentence_20

The Pennine, Bernese and Bernina Range are the highest ranges of the country, they contain respectively 38, 9 and 1 summit over 4000 meters. Swiss Alps_sentence_21

The lowest range is the Appenzell Alps culminating at 2,500 meters. Swiss Alps_sentence_22

Western Alps Swiss Alps_sentence_23

Eastern Alps Swiss Alps_sentence_24

Hydrography Swiss Alps_section_2

See also: Valleys of the Alps Swiss Alps_sentence_25

Rivers Swiss Alps_section_3

See also: List of rivers in Switzerland Swiss Alps_sentence_26

The north side of the Swiss Alps is drained by the Rhône, Rhine and Inn (which is part of the Danube basin) while the south side is mainly drained by the Ticino (Po basin). Swiss Alps_sentence_27

The rivers on the north empty into the Mediterranean, North and Black Sea, on the south the Po empty in the Adriatic Sea. Swiss Alps_sentence_28

The major triple watersheds in the Alps are located within the country, they are: Piz Lunghin, Witenwasserenstock and Monte Forcola. Swiss Alps_sentence_29

Between the Witenwasserenstock and Piz Lunghin runs the European Watershed separating the basin of the Atlantic (the North Sea) and the Mediterranean Sea (Adriatic and the Black Sea). Swiss Alps_sentence_30

The European watershed lies only partially on the main chain. Swiss Alps_sentence_31

Switzerland possesses 6% of Europe's freshwater, and is sometimes referred to as the "water tower of Europe". Swiss Alps_sentence_32

Lakes Swiss Alps_section_4

See also: List of lakes of Switzerland and List of mountain lakes of Switzerland Swiss Alps_sentence_33

Since the highest dams are located in Alpine regions, many large mountain lakes are artificial and are used as hydroelectric reservoirs. Swiss Alps_sentence_34

Some large artificial lakes can be found above 2,300 m, but natural lakes larger than 1 km are generally below 1,000 m (with the exceptions of lakes in the Engadin such as Lake Sils, and Oeschinen in the Bernese Oberland). Swiss Alps_sentence_35

The melting of low-altitude glaciers can generate new lakes, such as the 0.25 km large Triftsee which formed between 2002–2003. Swiss Alps_sentence_36

Hydroelectricity Impacts due to Glacial Melting Swiss Alps_section_5

Switzerland has been using this concerning transition in climate as a positive opportunity to develop new innovations and to change the ways that energy is being produced in the country. Swiss Alps_sentence_37

Switzerland depends on the use of hydroelectricity to power nearby communities, but as glaciers melt and stop refreezing, the melting that creates the energy ceases to exist. Swiss Alps_sentence_38

Researchers have been evaluating how the topography will change as the glaciers begin to decrease and they are looking more deeply into potential construction costs, energy production, and future problems they might encounter with these new developments. Swiss Alps_sentence_39

Switzerland is one of many countries that need to begin to think about the future of energy production in response to climate change. Swiss Alps_sentence_40

Switzerland is paving the way for a new wave of innovation and creative problem solving that the rest of the world will eventually need to follow. Swiss Alps_sentence_41

Land elevation Swiss Alps_section_6

See also: Swiss cantons by elevation Swiss Alps_sentence_42

The following table gives the surface area above 2000 m and 3000 m and the respective percentage on the total area of each canton whose high point is above 2000 metres. Swiss Alps_sentence_43

Swiss Alps_table_general_0

CantonSwiss Alps_header_cell_0_0_0 Land above 2000m in kmSwiss Alps_header_cell_0_0_1 Land above 2000m in %Swiss Alps_header_cell_0_0_2 Land above 3000m in kmSwiss Alps_header_cell_0_0_3 Land above 3000m in %Swiss Alps_header_cell_0_0_4
Appenzell AusserrhodenSwiss Alps_cell_0_1_0 1Swiss Alps_cell_0_1_1 0.4Swiss Alps_cell_0_1_2 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_1_3 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_1_4
Appenzell InnerrhodenSwiss Alps_cell_0_2_0 4Swiss Alps_cell_0_2_1 2.3Swiss Alps_cell_0_2_2 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_2_3 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_2_4
BernSwiss Alps_cell_0_3_0 887Swiss Alps_cell_0_3_1 15Swiss Alps_cell_0_3_2 100Swiss Alps_cell_0_3_3 1.7Swiss Alps_cell_0_3_4
FribourgSwiss Alps_cell_0_4_0 14Swiss Alps_cell_0_4_1 0.8Swiss Alps_cell_0_4_2 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_4_3 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_4_4
GlarusSwiss Alps_cell_0_5_0 213Swiss Alps_cell_0_5_1 31Swiss Alps_cell_0_5_2 4Swiss Alps_cell_0_5_3 0.6Swiss Alps_cell_0_5_4
GraubündenSwiss Alps_cell_0_6_0 4296Swiss Alps_cell_0_6_1 60Swiss Alps_cell_0_6_2 111Swiss Alps_cell_0_6_3 1.6Swiss Alps_cell_0_6_4
LucerneSwiss Alps_cell_0_7_0 4Swiss Alps_cell_0_7_1 0.3Swiss Alps_cell_0_7_2 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_7_3 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_7_4
NidwaldenSwiss Alps_cell_0_8_0 20Swiss Alps_cell_0_8_1 7Swiss Alps_cell_0_8_2 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_8_3 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_8_4
ObwaldenSwiss Alps_cell_0_9_0 66Swiss Alps_cell_0_9_1 13Swiss Alps_cell_0_9_2 1Swiss Alps_cell_0_9_3 0.2Swiss Alps_cell_0_9_4
SchwyzSwiss Alps_cell_0_10_0 69Swiss Alps_cell_0_10_1 8Swiss Alps_cell_0_10_2 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_10_3 0Swiss Alps_cell_0_10_4
St. GallenSwiss Alps_cell_0_11_0 184Swiss Alps_cell_0_11_1 9Swiss Alps_cell_0_11_2 1Swiss Alps_cell_0_11_3 0.05Swiss Alps_cell_0_11_4
TicinoSwiss Alps_cell_0_12_0 781Swiss Alps_cell_0_12_1 28Swiss Alps_cell_0_12_2 2Swiss Alps_cell_0_12_3 0.07Swiss Alps_cell_0_12_4
UriSwiss Alps_cell_0_13_0 562Swiss Alps_cell_0_13_1 52Swiss Alps_cell_0_13_2 19Swiss Alps_cell_0_13_3 1.8Swiss Alps_cell_0_13_4
ValaisSwiss Alps_cell_0_14_0 2595Swiss Alps_cell_0_14_1 50Swiss Alps_cell_0_14_2 697Swiss Alps_cell_0_14_3 13Swiss Alps_cell_0_14_4
VaudSwiss Alps_cell_0_15_0 92Swiss Alps_cell_0_15_1 3Swiss Alps_cell_0_15_2 1Swiss Alps_cell_0_15_3 0.03Swiss Alps_cell_0_15_4
SwitzerlandSwiss Alps_cell_0_16_0 9788Swiss Alps_cell_0_16_1 24Swiss Alps_cell_0_16_2 936Swiss Alps_cell_0_16_3 2.3Swiss Alps_cell_0_16_4

Monitoring Glacial Changes Over Time Swiss Alps_section_7

PERMOS (The Swiss Permafrost Monitoring Network) is an operational monitoring service, and its main goal is to create long-term scientific documentation of the permafrost changes in the Swiss Alps. Swiss Alps_sentence_44

To accurately represent the current conditions of the Alps, the network records permafrost temperatures and thermal changes in boreholes, the bottom temperature of the snow cover, ground surface temperature, and the development of snow cover. Swiss Alps_sentence_45

The network additionally takes air photos periodically from selected areas. Swiss Alps_sentence_46

These monitoring strategies continue to develop as new research and data are recorded over time. Swiss Alps_sentence_47

Geology Swiss Alps_section_8

Main article: Geology of the Alps Swiss Alps_sentence_48

See also: List of glaciers in Switzerland Swiss Alps_sentence_49

The composition of the great tectonic units reflects the history of the formation of the Alps. Swiss Alps_sentence_50

The rocks from the Helvetic zone on the north and the Austroalpine nappesSouthern Alps on the south come originally from the European and African continent respectively. Swiss Alps_sentence_51

The rocks of the Penninic nappes belong to the former area of the Briançonnais microcontinent and the Tethys Ocean. Swiss Alps_sentence_52

The closure of the latter by subduction under the African plate (Piemont Ocean first and Valais Ocean later) preceded the collision between the two plates and the so-called alpine orogeny. Swiss Alps_sentence_53

The major thrust fault of the Tectonic Arena Sardona in the eastern Glarus Alps gives a visible illustration of mountain-building processes and was therefore declared a UNESCO World Heritage. Swiss Alps_sentence_54

Another fine example gives the Alpstein area with several visible upfolds of Helvetic zone material. Swiss Alps_sentence_55

With some exceptions, the Alps north of Rhône and Rhine are part of the Helvetic Zone and those on the south side are part of the Penninic nappes. Swiss Alps_sentence_56

The Austroalpine zone concerns almost only the Eastern Alps, with the notable exception of the Matterhorn. Swiss Alps_sentence_57

The last glaciations greatly transformed Switzerland's landscape. Swiss Alps_sentence_58

Many valleys of the Swiss Alps are U-shaped due to glacial erosion. Swiss Alps_sentence_59

During the maximum extension of the Würm glaciation (18,000 years ago) the glaciers completely covered the Swiss Plateau, before retreating and leaving remnants only in high mountain areas. Swiss Alps_sentence_60

In modern times the Aletsch Glacier in the western Bernese Alps is the largest and longest in the Alps, reaching a maximum depth of 900 meters at Konkordiaplatz. Swiss Alps_sentence_61

Along with the Fiescher and Aar Glaciers, the region became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001. Swiss Alps_sentence_62

An effect of the retreat of the Rhine Glacier some 10,000 years ago was the Flims Rockslide, the biggest still visible landslide worldwide. Swiss Alps_sentence_63

Environment and climate Swiss Alps_section_9

To protect endangered species some sites have been brought under protection. Swiss Alps_sentence_64

The Swiss National Park in Graubünden was established in 1914 as the first alpine national park. Swiss Alps_sentence_65

The Entlebuch area was designated a biosphere reserve in 2001. Swiss Alps_sentence_66

The largest protected area in the country is the Parc Ela, opened in 2006, which covers an area of 600 square kilometres. Swiss Alps_sentence_67

The Jungfrau-Aletsch Protected Area is the first World Heritage Site in the Alps. Swiss Alps_sentence_68

Climate zones Swiss Alps_section_10

See also: Climate of the Alps Swiss Alps_sentence_69

As the temperature decreases with altitude (0.56 °C per 100 meters on yearly average), three different altitudinal zones, each having distinct climate, are found in the Swiss Alps: Swiss Alps_sentence_70

Swiss Alps_unordered_list_0

  • Subalpine zoneSwiss Alps_item_0_0

The Subalpine zone is the region that lies below the tree line. Swiss Alps_sentence_71

It is the most important region as it is the largest of the three and contains almost all human settlements as well as the productive areas. Swiss Alps_sentence_72

The forests are mainly composed by conifers above 1,200–1,400 meters, the deciduous tree forest is confined to lower elevations. Swiss Alps_sentence_73

The upper limit of the Subalpine zone is located at about 1,800 meters on the north side of the Alps and about 2,000 meters on the south side. Swiss Alps_sentence_74

It can, however, differ in some regions such as the Appenzell Alps (1,600 meters) or the Engadin valley (2,300 meters). Swiss Alps_sentence_75

Swiss Alps_unordered_list_1

  • Alpine zoneSwiss Alps_item_1_1

The Alpine zone is situated above the tree line and is clear of trees because of low average temperatures. Swiss Alps_sentence_76

It contains mostly grass and small plants along with mountain flowers. Swiss Alps_sentence_77

Below the permafrost limit (at about 2,600 meters), the alpine meadows are often used as pastures. Swiss Alps_sentence_78

Some villages can still be found on the lowest altitudes such as Riederalp (1,940 m) or Juf (2,130 m). Swiss Alps_sentence_79

The extent of the Alpine zone is limited by the first permanent snow, its altitude greatly varies depending on the location (and orientation), it comprises between 2,800 and 3,200 meters. Swiss Alps_sentence_80

Swiss Alps_unordered_list_2

  • Glacial zoneSwiss Alps_item_2_2

The glacial zone is the area of permanent snow and ice. Swiss Alps_sentence_81

When the steepness of the slope is not too high it results in an accumulation and compaction of snow, which transforms into ice. Swiss Alps_sentence_82

The glacier-formed then flows down the valley and can reach as far down as 1,500 meters (the Upper Grindelwald Glacier). Swiss Alps_sentence_83

Where the slopes are too steep, the snow accumulates to form overhanging seracs, which periodically fall off due to the downward movement of the glacier and cause ice avalanches. Swiss Alps_sentence_84

The Bernese Alps, Pennine Alps, and Mont Blanc Massif contain most of the glaciated areas in the Alps. Swiss Alps_sentence_85

Except for research stations such as the Sphinx Observatory, no settlements are to be found in those regions. Swiss Alps_sentence_86

Negative Impacts to Nearby Populations due to Glacial Melting Swiss Alps_section_11

Due to the change in weather patterns, the summers are expected to continue getting warmer and drier, while the winters are expected to become moister. Swiss Alps_sentence_87

This change in the weather increases the chances of flooding with heavier rainfall, the melting of permafrost zones, a change in the geography and wildlife, and the occurrence of more deadly rock slides. Swiss Alps_sentence_88

Furthermore, natural hazards are occurring more frequently, such as floods, avalanches, and landslides. Swiss Alps_sentence_89

Additionally, the water supply that the glaciers originally provided is on the decline, which is problematic for producing energy, agricultural practices, and other human use. Swiss Alps_sentence_90

Finally, the glacial melting puts the economy is at risk because there will be less incoming financial revenue from the tourism and recreation services that these glaciers and ecosystems typically provide. Swiss Alps_sentence_91

All of these impacts will disrupt the nearby communities and require that updated infrastructure and safety measures be put into place to prevent mass destruction. Swiss Alps_sentence_92

Travel and tourism Swiss Alps_section_12

Tourism in the Swiss Alps began with the first ascents of the main peaks of the Alps (Jungfrau in 1811, Piz Bernina in 1850, Monte Rosa in 1855, Matterhorn in 1856, Dom in 1858, Weisshorn in 1861) mostly by British mountain climbers accompanied by the local guides. Swiss Alps_sentence_93

The construction of facilities for tourists started in the mid-nineteenth century with the building of hotels and mountain huts (creation of the Swiss Alpine Club in 1863) and the opening of mountain train lines on (Rigi in 1873, Pilatus in 1889, Gornergrat in 1898). Swiss Alps_sentence_94

The Jungfraubahn opened in 1912; it leads to the highest railway station in Europe, the Jungfraujoch. Swiss Alps_sentence_95

Summer tourism Swiss Alps_section_13

Switzerland enjoys a 62,000-km network of well-maintained trails, of which 23,000 are located in mountainous areas. Swiss Alps_sentence_96

Many mountains attract a large number of alpinists from around the world, especially the 4000-meter summits and the great north faces (Eiger, Matterhorn and Piz Badile). Swiss Alps_sentence_97

The large winter resorts are also popular destinations in summer, as most of aerial tramways operate through the year, enabling hikers and mountaineers to reach high altitudes without much effort. Swiss Alps_sentence_98

The Klein Matterhorn is the highest summit of the European continent to be served by cable car. Swiss Alps_sentence_99

Winter tourism Swiss Alps_section_14

Main article: List of ski areas and resorts in Switzerland Swiss Alps_sentence_100

The major destinations for skiing and other winter sports are located in Valais, Bernese Oberland and Graubünden. Swiss Alps_sentence_101

Some villages are car-free and can be accessed only with public transports such as Riederalp and Bettmeralp. Swiss Alps_sentence_102

Zermatt and Saas-Fee have both summer ski areas. Swiss Alps_sentence_103

The ski season starts from as early as November and runs to as late as May; however, the majority of ski resorts in Switzerland tend to open in December and run through to April. Swiss Alps_sentence_104

The most visited places are: Swiss Alps_sentence_105

Swiss Alps_unordered_list_3

Other important destinations on the regional level are Engelberg-Titlis (Central Switzerland / OW) and Gotthard Oberalp Arena with Andermatt (Central Switzerland / UR) and Sedrun (GR), Leysin-Les Mosses, Villars-sur-Ollon, Les Diablerets-Glacier 3000 (all VD), Leukerbad (VS), Savognin, Scuol, Obersaxen, Breil/Brigels (all GR), MeiringenHasliberg (BE), Sörenberg (LU), Klewenalp with Beckenried and Emmetten, Melchsee-Frutt (all NW), Flumserberg and Pizol (both Sarganserland in SG), Toggenburg with WildhausUnterwasserAlt St. Johann (SG), Hoch-Ybrig and Stoos (all SZ), Braunwald and Elm (GL), Airolo and Bosco/Gurin (TI) and many more. Swiss Alps_sentence_106

The first person to ski in Grindelwald, Switzerland was Englishmen Gerald Fox (who lived at Tone Dale House) who put his skis on in his hotel bedroom in 1881 and walked out through the hotel Bar to the slopes wearing them. Swiss Alps_sentence_107

Popular Snow Activities Swiss Alps_section_15

{Main|List of available snow activities} Some major sporting activities include: Swiss Alps_sentence_108

Swiss Alps_unordered_list_4

  • SkiingSwiss Alps_item_4_18
  • SnowboardingSwiss Alps_item_4_19
  • Snow sled-bikingSwiss Alps_item_4_20
  • Downhill snow Mountain BikingSwiss Alps_item_4_21
  • Downhill snow-mobile (as well as snow-mobile tours and rides)Swiss Alps_item_4_22
  • And loads more.Swiss Alps_item_4_23

Tourism Impacts due to Climate Change Swiss Alps_section_16

Climate change is impacting European Alpine tourism due to the increasing number and intensity of natural hazards, and it is endangering the accessibility and the infrastructure of tourism destinations. Swiss Alps_sentence_109

Melting glaciers are affecting the attractiveness of the Alpine landscape, increasing winter temperatures will result in a shorter skiing season, and these climate changes are limiting the amount of snow coverage produced. Swiss Alps_sentence_110

All of these climate and geographical factors are leading to a smaller number of visitors and reduced revenues which can have an intense economic impact on winter tourism. Swiss Alps_sentence_111

In response to these changes, Switzerland has turned to the production of artificial snow to match the demand for these tourist destinations and to uphold the structure and well-being of the economy. Swiss Alps_sentence_112

Transport Swiss Alps_section_17

See also: List of mountain passes in Switzerland and List of mountain railways in Switzerland Swiss Alps_sentence_113

The Swiss Alps and Switzerland enjoy an extensive transport network. Swiss Alps_sentence_114

Virtually every mountain village can be reached by public transport, either by rail, bus, funicular, cable car, or usually a combination of them. Swiss Alps_sentence_115

The main companies of the coherently integrated public transport system are: Swiss Alps_sentence_116

Swiss Alps_unordered_list_5

Most of the mountain regions are within 1 to 3 hours travel of Switzerland's main cities and their respective airport. Swiss Alps_sentence_117

The Engadine in Graubünden is between 3 and 6 hours away from the large cities; the train journey itself, with the panoramic Glacier Express or Bernina Express, is popular with tourists. Swiss Alps_sentence_118

The Engadin Airport near St. Swiss Alps_sentence_119 Moritz at an altitude of 1,704 meters is the highest in Europe. Swiss Alps_sentence_120

The crossing of the Alps is a key issue at national and international levels, as the European continent is at places divided by the range. Swiss Alps_sentence_121

Since the beginning of industrialisation Switzerland has improved its transalpine network; it began in 1882, by building the Gotthard Rail Tunnel, followed in 1906 by the Simplon Tunnel and 1913 by the Lötschberg Tunnel, and more recently, in 2007, by the Lötschberg Base Tunnel. Swiss Alps_sentence_122

The 57.1-km long Gotthard Base Tunnel, the longest railway tunnel of the world, opened in 2016 and provides a direct flat rail link through the Alps. Swiss Alps_sentence_123

Toponymy Swiss Alps_section_18

The different names of the mountains and other landforms are named in the four national languages. Swiss Alps_sentence_124

The table below gives the most recurrent names. Swiss Alps_sentence_125

Swiss Alps_table_general_1

EnglishSwiss Alps_header_cell_1_0_0 GermanSwiss Alps_header_cell_1_0_1 FrenchSwiss Alps_header_cell_1_0_2 ItalianSwiss Alps_header_cell_1_0_3 RomanshSwiss Alps_header_cell_1_0_4 ExamplesSwiss Alps_header_cell_1_0_5
MountSwiss Alps_cell_1_1_0 Berg, StockSwiss Alps_cell_1_1_1 MontSwiss Alps_cell_1_1_2 MonteSwiss Alps_cell_1_1_3 Munt, CuolmSwiss Alps_cell_1_1_4 Gamsberg, Dammastock, Mont Vélan, Monte Generoso, Munt PersSwiss Alps_cell_1_1_5
SummitSwiss Alps_cell_1_2_0 GipfelSwiss Alps_cell_1_2_1 CimeSwiss Alps_cell_1_2_2 CimaSwiss Alps_cell_1_2_3 TschimaSwiss Alps_cell_1_2_4 Grenzgipfel, Cima di Gana Bianca, Tschima da FlixSwiss Alps_cell_1_2_5
PeakSwiss Alps_cell_1_3_0 SpitzeSwiss Alps_cell_1_3_1 Pointe, PicSwiss Alps_cell_1_3_2 PizzoSwiss Alps_cell_1_3_3 Piz, PézSwiss Alps_cell_1_3_4 Lenzspitze, Pointe de Zinal, Pizzo Campo Tencia, Piz RosegSwiss Alps_cell_1_3_5
NeedleSwiss Alps_cell_1_4_0 NadelSwiss Alps_cell_1_4_1 AiguilleSwiss Alps_cell_1_4_2 AgoSwiss Alps_cell_1_4_3 Ago, GuilaSwiss Alps_cell_1_4_4 Nadelhorn, Aiguille d'Argentière, Ago di ScioraSwiss Alps_cell_1_4_5
HornSwiss Alps_cell_1_5_0 HornSwiss Alps_cell_1_5_1 CorneSwiss Alps_cell_1_5_2 CornoSwiss Alps_cell_1_5_3 CornSwiss Alps_cell_1_5_4 Wetterhorn, Corne de Sorebois, Corn da TinizongSwiss Alps_cell_1_5_5
TowerSwiss Alps_cell_1_6_0 TurmSwiss Alps_cell_1_6_1 TourSwiss Alps_cell_1_6_2 TorreSwiss Alps_cell_1_6_3 TuorSwiss Alps_cell_1_6_4 Tour Sallière, Torrone AltoSwiss Alps_cell_1_6_5
HeadSwiss Alps_cell_1_7_0 KopfSwiss Alps_cell_1_7_1 TêteSwiss Alps_cell_1_7_2 TestaSwiss Alps_cell_1_7_3 TgauSwiss Alps_cell_1_7_4 Bürkelkopf, Tête BlancheSwiss Alps_cell_1_7_5
RidgeSwiss Alps_cell_1_8_0 GratSwiss Alps_cell_1_8_1 CrêtSwiss Alps_cell_1_8_2 CrestaSwiss Alps_cell_1_8_3 Fil, CrestaSwiss Alps_cell_1_8_4 Gornergrat, Crêt du Midi, Fil de CassonsSwiss Alps_cell_1_8_5
GlacierSwiss Alps_cell_1_9_0 Gletscher, FirnSwiss Alps_cell_1_9_1 GlacierSwiss Alps_cell_1_9_2 GhiacciaioSwiss Alps_cell_1_9_3 Glatscher, VadretSwiss Alps_cell_1_9_4 Unteraargletscher, Hüfifirn, Glacier de Corbassière, Ghiacciaio del Basodino, Vadret da Morteratsch, Glatscher dil VorabSwiss Alps_cell_1_9_5
ValleySwiss Alps_cell_1_10_0 TalSwiss Alps_cell_1_10_1 ValSwiss Alps_cell_1_10_2 Valle, ValSwiss Alps_cell_1_10_3 ValSwiss Alps_cell_1_10_4 Mattertal, Val d'Hérens, Valle MaggiaSwiss Alps_cell_1_10_5
PassSwiss Alps_cell_1_11_0 Pass, JochSwiss Alps_cell_1_11_1 Col, PasSwiss Alps_cell_1_11_2 PassoSwiss Alps_cell_1_11_3 PassSwiss Alps_cell_1_11_4 Jungfraujoch, Panixerpass, Pas de Cheville, Passo del San GottardoSwiss Alps_cell_1_11_5

Also a large number of peaks outside the Alps were named or nicknamed after Swiss mountains, such as the Wetterhorn Peak in Colorado or the Matterhorn Peak in California (see the Matterhorn article for a list of Matterhorns in the world). Swiss Alps_sentence_126

The confluence of the Baltoro Glacier and the Godwin-Austen Glacier south of K2 in the Karakoram range was named after the Konkordiaplatz by European explorers. Swiss Alps_sentence_127

See also Swiss Alps_section_19

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