Sydney Mines

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Sydney Mines_table_infobox_0

Sydney Mines

Gaelic: Mèinnean ShidniSydney Mines_header_cell_0_0_0

CountrySydney Mines_header_cell_0_1_0 CanadaSydney Mines_cell_0_1_1
Provinces of CanadaSydney Mines_header_cell_0_2_0 Nova ScotiaSydney Mines_cell_0_2_1
Regional MunicipalitySydney Mines_header_cell_0_3_0 Cape Breton Regional MunicipalitySydney Mines_cell_0_3_1
Incorporated TownSydney Mines_header_cell_0_4_0 1889Sydney Mines_cell_0_4_1
DissolvedSydney Mines_header_cell_0_5_0 August 1, 1995Sydney Mines_cell_0_5_1
Population (2011)

From Statistics CanadaSydney Mines_header_cell_0_6_0

TotalSydney Mines_header_cell_0_7_0 14,135Sydney Mines_cell_0_7_1
Time zoneSydney Mines_header_cell_0_8_0 UTC-4 (AST)Sydney Mines_cell_0_8_1
Summer (DST)Sydney Mines_header_cell_0_9_0 UTC-3 (ADT)Sydney Mines_cell_0_9_1
Canadian Postal codeSydney Mines_header_cell_0_10_0 B1VSydney Mines_cell_0_10_1
Area code(s)Sydney Mines_header_cell_0_11_0 902Sydney Mines_cell_0_11_1

Sydney Mines (Scottish Gaelic: Mèinnean Shidni) is a community and former town in Canada's Nova Scotia's Cape Breton Regional Municipality. Sydney Mines_sentence_0

Founded in 1784 and incorporated as a town in 1889, Sydney Mines has a rich history in coal production, although mining activity has now ceased. Sydney Mines_sentence_1

Prior to a permanent settlement being established, there was significant activity along the shore. Sydney Mines_sentence_2

Sydney Mines was also home to a large steel company that was named SCOTIA it was the modern to its day between the Sydney Steel Plant (DISCO) and the Sydney Mines Steel Plant (SCOTIA) they produced 50% of Canada's steel during World War I. Sydney Mines_sentence_3

History Sydney Mines_section_0

During the American Revolution, the British used the coal mines of Sydney Mines to supply the British loyalists in Boston and Halifax. Sydney Mines_sentence_4

American and French ships made great efforts to interrupt this vital supply line. Sydney Mines_sentence_5

On November 1, 1776, John Paul Jones - the father of the American Navy - set sail in command of Alfred to free hundreds of American prisoners working in the area's coal mines. Sydney Mines_sentence_6

Although winter conditions prevented the freeing of the prisoners, the mission did result in the capture of Mellish, a vessel carrying a vital supply of winter clothing intended for John Burgoyne's troops in Canada. Sydney Mines_sentence_7

Major Timothy Hierlihy and his regiment on board HMS Hope worked in and protected from privateer attacks on the coal mines at Sydney Cape Breton. Sydney Mines_sentence_8

Sydney Cape Breton provided a vital supply of coal for Halifax throughout the war. Sydney Mines_sentence_9

The British began developing the mining site at Sydney Mines in 1777. Sydney Mines_sentence_10

On 14 May 1778, Major Hierlihy arrived at Cape Breton. Sydney Mines_sentence_11

While there, Hierlihy reported that he “beat off many piratical attacks, killed some and took other prisoners.” Sydney Mines_sentence_12

A few years into the war there was also a naval engagement between French ships and a British convoy off Sydney, Nova Scotia, near Spanish River (1781), Cape Breton. Sydney Mines_sentence_13

Six French sailors were killed and 17 British, with many more wounded. Sydney Mines_sentence_14

Sydney Mines lies immediately northeast of North Sydney and faces Sydney across Sydney Harbour. Sydney Mines_sentence_15

Sydney Mines was once a major coal-producing community. Sydney Mines_sentence_16

Mining began locally in 1766, and in 1830 systematic operations were undertaken. Sydney Mines_sentence_17

One of the area mines extended about 5 miles (8 km) out under the sea. Sydney Mines_sentence_18

The last mine was closed in 1975. Sydney Mines_sentence_19

Sydney Mines is on the northern side of Sydney Harbor, near the mouth. Sydney Mines_sentence_20

It was earlier known as the Mines due to the coal mines abundant nearby. Sydney Mines_sentence_21

Although mining has been carried on since 1724, the first shaft for the General Mining Association in Sydney Mines was sunk in 1830. Sydney Mines_sentence_22

Manufacturing enterprises included corrugated steel culverts and the British Canadian Co-operative Society Limited, operating a dairy and a bakery. Sydney Mines_sentence_23

Sydney Mines was the filming location for the 1981 horror movie My Bloody Valentine. Sydney Mines_sentence_24

Climate Sydney Mines_section_1

Sydney Mines experiences cool summers. Sydney Mines_sentence_25

The summer can be very cool at times due to the fact Sydney Mines borders the cool North Atlantic Ocean. Sydney Mines_sentence_26

Day time highs rarely exceed 20 degrees Celsius. Sydney Mines_sentence_27

During Summer nights temperatures can become very cold with the average lows being around 10 degrees Celsius, although cold winds can make it seem much colder. Sydney Mines_sentence_28

Sydney Mines experiences cold, windy, wet, snowy and very stormy winters. Sydney Mines_sentence_29

Although low in latitude compared to the rest of Canada and bordering the ocean. Sydney Mines_sentence_30

Sydney Mines borders the very cold Labrador ocean current. Sydney Mines_sentence_31

This causes for a cold and very snowy winter. Sydney Mines_sentence_32

Daytime highs during the winter usually stick around minus 2 degrees Celsius but the fact Sydney Mines lies around the polar jet stream causes it to experience arctic outbreaks and very warm thaws. Sydney Mines_sentence_33

Sydney Mines, much like the rest of Atlantic Canada, is one of the warmest areas in Canada during the winter but they receives the most snowstorms in Canada. Sydney Mines_sentence_34

Cold arctic temperatures meet up with the warm Gulf Stream and form one of the most powerful storms in the world. Sydney Mines_sentence_35

Many people who live in Eastern Canada know the term Nor'easter, which can dump huge amounts of snow to Sydney Mines and the rest of Atlantic Canada. Sydney Mines_sentence_36

Education Sydney Mines_section_2

Sydney Mines has one elementary school, Jubilee Elementary (home to the Johnny Miles Gym), one middle school, Sydney Mines Middle School, one high school, Memorial Composite High School. Sydney Mines_sentence_37

Landmarks Sydney Mines_section_3

In front of Jubilee Elementary on Main Street, there is a bronze statue of Johnny Miles in a running pose. Sydney Mines_sentence_38

There is a script on it with a small quote and the dates Johnny Miles won the Boston Marathon. Sydney Mines_sentence_39

In front of the John J. Nugent Firemen's Centre on Elliot Street (across from the fire station), there is a firefighter statue which represents all the past fire chiefs of the Sydney Mines Volunteer Fire Department. Sydney Mines_sentence_40

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Mines.