Tabi'un

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The tābi‘ūn (Arabic: اَلتَّابِعُونَ‎, also accusative or genitive tābi‘īn اَلتَّابِعِينَ, singular tābi‘ تَابِعٌ), "followers" or "successors", are the generation of Muslims who followed the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad (ṣaḥābah), and thus received their teachings secondhand. Tabi'un_sentence_0

A tābi‘ knew at least one ṣaḥābiyy. Tabi'un_sentence_1

As such, they played an important part in the development of Islamic thought and philosophy, and in the political development of the early caliphate. Tabi'un_sentence_2

The next generation of Muslims after the tabi‘ūn are called the tābi‘ al-tabi‘īn تَابِعُو ٱلتَّابِعِينَ. Tabi'un_sentence_3

The first three generations of Muhammad’s followers make up the salaf سَّلَفُ of Islam. Tabi'un_sentence_4

Sunni definition Tabi'un_section_0

Muslims from the Sunni branch of Islam define a tābiʻ as a Muslim who: Tabi'un_sentence_5

Tabi'un_ordered_list_0

  1. Saw at least one of the Companions of MuhammadTabi'un_item_0_0
  2. Was rightly-guidedTabi'un_item_0_1
  3. One who died in that state. The Khawarij are therefore not referred to as tābiʻūn even though they saw many of Muhammad's companions.Tabi'un_item_0_2

Sunni Muslims also regard the tābiʻūn as the best generation after the Companions. Tabi'un_sentence_6

According to Sunni Muslims, Muhammad said: "The best people are those living in my generation, then those coming after them, and then those coming after (the second generation)" Tabi'un_sentence_7

The tābiʻūn are divided by most Muslim scholars into three classes: Tabi'un_sentence_8

Tabi'un_ordered_list_1

  1. The students of Companions who accepted Islam before the conquest of MeccaTabi'un_item_1_3
  2. The students of Companions who accepted Islam after the conquest of MeccaTabi'un_item_1_4
  3. The students of Companions who were not yet adults at the time of Muhammad's passingTabi'un_item_1_5

List of tābiʻūn Tabi'un_section_1

The first tābiʻ to die was Zayd ibn Ma'mar ibn Zayd, 30 years after the hijra, and the last to die was Khalaf ibn Khalifa, who died in 180 AH. Tabi'un_sentence_9

Alternatively, since the status of Khalaf ibn Khalifa as a tābiʻ is strongly challenged by reputed scholars, the last to die from amongst them may have been Jarir bin Haazim in 170 AH. Tabi'un_sentence_10

Therefore, many of the tābiʻūn were tasked with the preservation of Islamic traditions from the era of the Companions to later Muslims. Tabi'un_sentence_11

Tabi'un_unordered_list_2

See also Tabi'un_section_2

Tabi'un_unordered_list_3


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabi'un.