Tangerine Dream

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For other uses, see Tangerine Dream (disambiguation). Tangerine Dream_sentence_0

Tangerine Dream_table_infobox_0

Tangerine DreamTangerine Dream_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationTangerine Dream_header_cell_0_1_0
OriginTangerine Dream_header_cell_0_2_0 Berlin, GermanyTangerine Dream_cell_0_2_1
GenresTangerine Dream_header_cell_0_3_0 Tangerine Dream_cell_0_3_1
Years activeTangerine Dream_header_cell_0_4_0 1967–presentTangerine Dream_cell_0_4_1
LabelsTangerine Dream_header_cell_0_5_0 Virgin, Ohr, Jive Electro, Private Music, Miramar, TDI, Eastgate, Sequel/Castle/Sanctuary, BMG, Relativity, Kscope, Caroline, Invisible Hands Music, Purple Pyramid, Cleopatra, Free Union RecordsTangerine Dream_cell_0_5_1
WebsiteTangerine Dream_header_cell_0_6_0 Tangerine Dream_cell_0_6_1
MembersTangerine Dream_header_cell_0_8_0 Thorsten Quaeschning

Hoshiko Yamane Ulrich Schnauss Paul FrickTangerine Dream_cell_0_8_1

Past membersTangerine Dream_header_cell_0_10_0 Edgar Froese

Lanse Hapshash Kurt Herkenberg Volker Hombach Charlie Prince Steve Jolliffe Klaus Schulze Conrad Schnitzler Christopher Franke Steve Schroyder Peter Baumann Michael Hoenig Klaus Krüger Johannes Schmoelling Paul Haslinger Ralf Wadephul Jerome Froese Linda Spa Zlatko Perica Iris Camaa Bernhard BeiblTangerine Dream_cell_0_10_1

Tangerine Dream is a German electronic music band founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese. Tangerine Dream_sentence_1

The group has seen many personnel changes over the years, with Froese having been the only continuous member until his death in January 2015. Tangerine Dream_sentence_2

The best-known lineup of the group was its mid-'70s trio of Froese, Christopher Franke, and Peter Baumann. Tangerine Dream_sentence_3

In 1979, Johannes Schmoelling replaced Baumann. Tangerine Dream_sentence_4

Since Froese's death in 2015, the group has been under the leadership of Thorsten Quaeschning (Froese's chosen successor and the current longest-serving band member, having joined in 2005). Tangerine Dream_sentence_5

He is joined by violinist Hoshiko Yamane who joined in 2011, Ulrich Schnauss who joined in 2014 and Paul Frick who joined 9 June 2020. Tangerine Dream_sentence_6

Tangerine Dream are considered a pioneering act in electronica. Tangerine Dream_sentence_7

Their work with the electronic music Ohr label produced albums that had a pivotal role in the development of the German musical scene known as kosmische ("cosmic"). Tangerine Dream_sentence_8

Their "Virgin Years", so called because of their association with Virgin Records, produced albums that further explored synthesizers and sequencers, including the UK top 20 albums Phaedra (1974) and Rubycon (1975). Tangerine Dream_sentence_9

The group also had a successful career composing film soundtracks, creating over 60 scores, which include those for the films Sorcerer, Thief, The Soldier, Risky Business, Flashpoint, The Keep, Firestarter, Legend, Three O'Clock High, Near Dark, Shy People, and Miracle Mile. Tangerine Dream_sentence_10

From the late 1990s into the 2000s, Tangerine Dream continued to explore other styles of instrumental music as well as electronica. Tangerine Dream_sentence_11

Their recorded output has been prolific, including over one hundred albums. Tangerine Dream_sentence_12

Among other scoring projects, they helped create the soundtrack for the video game Grand Theft Auto V. Tangerine Dream_sentence_13

Their mid-1970s work has been profoundly influential in the development of electronic music styles such as new age (although the band themselves disliked the term) and electronic dance music. Tangerine Dream_sentence_14

Their most recent album of all-new music, Quantum Gate, was released on 29 September 2017. Tangerine Dream_sentence_15

In December 2019, the band released Recurring Dreams, a compilation of new recordings of some of the band's classic compositions. Tangerine Dream_sentence_16

Lineup Tangerine Dream_section_0

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Tangerine Dream existed as several short-lived incarnations, all of which included Froese, who teamed up with several musicians from West Berlin's underground music scene, including Steve Jolliffe, Klaus Schulze, and Conrad Schnitzler. Tangerine Dream_sentence_17

Froese's most notable association was his partnership with Christopher Franke. Tangerine Dream_sentence_18

Franke joined Tangerine Dream in 1970 after serving time in the group Agitation Free, originally to replace Schulze as the drummer. Tangerine Dream_sentence_19

Franke is credited with starting to use electronic sequencers, which were introduced on Phaedra, a development that had not only a large impact on the group's music but to many electronic musicians to this day. Tangerine Dream_sentence_20

Franke stayed with the group for 17 years, leaving in 1988 because of exhausting touring schedules, as well as creative differences with Froese. Tangerine Dream_sentence_21

Other long-term members of the group include Peter Baumann (1971–1977), who later went on to found the New Age label Private Music, to which the band was signed from 1988 to 1991; Johannes Schmoelling (1979–1985); Paul Haslinger (1986–1990); Froese's son Jerome Froese (1990–2006); Linda Spa (1990–1996, 2005–2014), a saxophonist who appeared on numerous albums and concerts and contributed one track on Goblins' Club; and most recently Thorsten Quaeschning of Picture Palace Music (2005–present). Tangerine Dream_sentence_22

A number of other members were also part of Tangerine Dream for shorter periods of time. Tangerine Dream_sentence_23

Unlike session musicians, these players also contributed to compositions of the band during their tenures. Tangerine Dream_sentence_24

Some of the more notable members are Steve Schroyder (organist, 1971–1972), Michael Hoenig (who replaced Baumann for a 1975 Australian tour and a London concert, included on Bootleg Box Set Vol. 1), Steve Jolliffe (wind instruments, keyboards and vocals on Cyclone and the following tour; he was also part of a short-lived 1969 line-up), Klaus Krüger (drummer on Cyclone and Force Majeure) and Ralf Wadephul (in collaboration with Edgar Froese recorded album Blue Dawn, but it was released only in 2006; also credited for one track on Optical Race (1988) and toured with the band in support of this album). Tangerine Dream_sentence_25

Throughout the 1990s and into the 2000s, Tangerine Dream was often joined on stage by Zlatko Perica or Gerald Gradwohl on guitars, and Emil Hachfeld on electronic drums. Tangerine Dream_sentence_26

Jerome Froese left in 2006 after a concert at the Tempodrom in Berlin. Tangerine Dream_sentence_27

Until late 2014, Tangerine Dream comprised Edgar Froese, as well as Thorsten Quaeschning, who first collaborated in the composition of Jeanne d'Arc (2005). Tangerine Dream_sentence_28

For concerts and recordings, they were usually joined by Linda Spa on saxophone and flute, Iris Camaa on drums and percussion, and Bernhard Beibl on guitar. Tangerine Dream_sentence_29

In 2011, electric violinist Hoshiko Yamane was added to the lineup and is featured on some of the most recent albums. Tangerine Dream_sentence_30

In late 2014, Bernhard Beibl announced on his Facebook page that he would stop collaborating with Tangerine Dream. Tangerine Dream_sentence_31

Shortly thereafter, it was announced that Tangerine Dream would no longer be touring with Linda Spa or Iris Camaa, but that Ulrich Schnauss had been brought into the fold. Tangerine Dream_sentence_32

Edgar Froese's death in January 2015, however, left this a short-lived line-up. Tangerine Dream_sentence_33

History Tangerine Dream_section_1

Origins: Psychedelia and krautrock Tangerine Dream_section_2

Edgar Froese arrived in West Berlin in the mid-1960s to study art. Tangerine Dream_sentence_34

His first band, the psychedelic rock-styled The Ones, disbanded after releasing only one single. Tangerine Dream_sentence_35

After The Ones, Froese experimented with musical ideas, playing smaller gigs with a variety of musicians. Tangerine Dream_sentence_36

Most of these performances were in the famous Zodiak Free Arts Lab, although one grouping also had the distinction of being invited to play for the surrealist painter Salvador Dalí. Tangerine Dream_sentence_37

The music was partnered with literature, painting, early forms of multimedia, and more. Tangerine Dream_sentence_38

It seemed as though only the most outlandish ideas attracted any attention, leading Froese to comment: "In the absurd often lies what is artistically possible." Tangerine Dream_sentence_39

As members of the group came and went, the direction of the music continued to be inspired by the Surrealists, and the group came to be called by the surreal-sounding name of Tangerine Dream, inspired by mishearing the line "tangerine trees and marmalade skies" from the Beatles' track "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds". Tangerine Dream_sentence_40

Froese was fascinated by technology and skilled in using it to create music. Tangerine Dream_sentence_41

He built custom-made instruments and, wherever he went, collected sounds with tape recorders for use in constructing musical works later. Tangerine Dream_sentence_42

His early work with tape loops and other repeating sounds was the obvious precursor to the emerging technology of the sequencer, which Tangerine Dream quickly adopted upon its arrival. Tangerine Dream_sentence_43

The first Tangerine Dream album, Electronic Meditation, was a tape-collage Krautrock piece, using the technology of the time rather than the synthesized music they later became famous for. Tangerine Dream_sentence_44

The line-up for the album was Froese, Klaus Schulze, and Conrad Schnitzler. Tangerine Dream_sentence_45

Electronic Meditation was published by Ohr in 1970 and began the period known as the Pink Years (the Ohr logo was a pink ear). Tangerine Dream_sentence_46

Subsequent albums, beginning with Alpha Centauri, relied heavily on electronic instruments. Tangerine Dream_sentence_47

The band's music during the early 1970s prominently featured organ from Steve Schroyder (on Alpha Centauri) or Peter Baumann (on subsequent releases), commonly augmented by guitar from Froese and drums from Christopher Franke. Tangerine Dream_sentence_48

They also started their heavy usage of the Mellotron during this period. Tangerine Dream_sentence_49

Rise to fame: The Virgin years Tangerine Dream_section_3

The band's 1973 album Atem was named as Album of the Year by British DJ John Peel, and this attention helped Tangerine Dream to sign to the fledgling Virgin Records in the same year. Tangerine Dream_sentence_50

Soon afterward they released the album Phaedra, an eerie soundscape that unexpectedly reached No. Tangerine Dream_sentence_51

15 in the UK Albums Chart and became one of Virgin's first bona fide hits. Tangerine Dream_sentence_52

Phaedra was one of the first commercial albums to feature sequencers and came to define much more than just the band's own sound. Tangerine Dream_sentence_53

The creation of the album's title track was something of an accident: the band was experimenting in the studio with a recently acquired Moog synthesizer, and the tape happened to be rolling at the time. Tangerine Dream_sentence_54

They kept the results and later added flute, bass guitar, and Mellotron performances. Tangerine Dream_sentence_55

The Moog, like many other early synthesizers, was so sensitive to changes in temperature that its oscillators would drift badly in tuning as the equipment warmed up, and this drift can easily be heard on the final recording. Tangerine Dream_sentence_56

This album marked the beginning of the period known as the 'Virgin Years'. Tangerine Dream_sentence_57

Their mid-1970s work has been profoundly influential in the development of electronic music styles such as new age (although the band themselves disliked the term) and electronic dance music. Tangerine Dream_sentence_58

In the 1980s, along with other electronic music pioneers such as Jean-Michel Jarre (with whom Edgar Froese collaborated on Jarre's 2015 album Electronica 1: The Time Machine) and Vangelis, the band were early adopters of the new digital technology, which revolutionized the sound of the synthesizer, although the group had been using digital equipment (in some shape or form) as early as the mid-1970s. Tangerine Dream_sentence_59

Their technical competence and extensive experience in their early years with self-made instruments and unusual means of creating sounds meant that they were able to exploit this new technology to make music quite unlike anything heard before. Tangerine Dream_sentence_60

Tangerine Dream live Tangerine Dream_section_4

Tangerine Dream's earliest concerts were visually simple by modern standards, with three men sitting motionless for hours alongside massive electronic boxes festooned with patch cords and a few flashing lights. Tangerine Dream_sentence_61

Some concerts were even performed in complete darkness, as happened during the performance at York Minster on 20 October 1975. Tangerine Dream_sentence_62

As time went on and technology advanced, the concerts became much more elaborate, with visual effects, lighting, lasers, pyrotechnics, and projected images. Tangerine Dream_sentence_63

By 1977 their North American tour featured full-scale Laserium effects. Tangerine Dream_sentence_64

Through the 1970s and 1980s, the band toured extensively. Tangerine Dream_sentence_65

The concerts generally included large amounts of unreleased and improvised material and were consequently widely bootlegged. Tangerine Dream_sentence_66

They were notorious for playing extremely loudly (reaching 134 dB in 1976) and for a long time. Tangerine Dream_sentence_67

The band released recordings of a fair number of their concerts, and on some of these the band worked out material that would later form the backbone of their studio recordings. Tangerine Dream_sentence_68

(For example, Pergamon, which documents a concert given in East Berlin shortly after Johannes Schmoelling joined the group, contains themes that would appear later on Tangram.) Tangerine Dream_sentence_69

An early example of this was the Ricochet album, which was recorded during a tour that included European cathedrals, with some later overdubbing. Tangerine Dream_sentence_70

Forays into vocals Tangerine Dream_section_5

Most of Tangerine Dream's albums are entirely instrumental. Tangerine Dream_sentence_71

Three albums that prominently featured lyrics were Cyclone (1978), Tyger and Under Cover – Chapter One. Tangerine Dream_sentence_72

While there have occasionally been a few vocals on the band's other releases, such as the track "Kiew Mission" from 1981's Exit and "The Harbor" from 1987's Shy People, the group only recently returned to featuring vocals in a musical trilogy based on Dante's Divine Comedy and their 2007 album Madcap's Flaming Duty. Tangerine Dream_sentence_73

After their 1980 East Berlin gig, when they became one of the first major Western bands to perform in a communist country. Tangerine Dream_sentence_74

Tangerine Dream released a double live album of one of their performances there, called Poland, recorded during their tour in the winter at the end of 1983. Tangerine Dream_sentence_75

With Poland, the band moved to the Jive Electro label, marking the beginning of the Blue Years. Tangerine Dream_sentence_76

Soundtracks Tangerine Dream_section_6

Throughout the 1980s, Tangerine Dream composed scores for more than 20 films. Tangerine Dream_sentence_77

This had been an interest of Froese's since the late 1960s, when he scored an obscure Polish film, as well as appearing as an actor in several German underground films. Tangerine Dream_sentence_78

He made the score for the experimental film "Never shoot the bathroom man", directed by Jürgen Polland. Tangerine Dream_sentence_79

Many of the group's soundtracks were composed at least partially of reworked material from the band's studio albums or work that was in progress for upcoming albums; see, for example, the resemblance between the track "Igneous" on their soundtrack for Thief and the track "Thru Metamorphic Rocks" on their studio release Force Majeure. Tangerine Dream_sentence_80

Their first exposure on U.S. television came when a track for the then in-progress album Le Parc was used as the theme for the television program Street Hawk. Tangerine Dream_sentence_81

Some of the more famous soundtracks have been Sorcerer, Thief, Legend, Risky Business, The Keep, Firestarter, Flashpoint, Heartbreakers, Shy People and Near Dark. Tangerine Dream_sentence_82

Tangerine Dream also composed the soundtrack score for the video game Grand Theft Auto V. Tangerine Dream_sentence_83

In 2016, Tangerine Dream released their own version of the theme music for the television series Stranger Things. Tangerine Dream_sentence_84

Tangerine Dream had inspired music for the series. Tangerine Dream_sentence_85

Going independent Tangerine Dream_section_7

Several of the band's albums released during the 1990s were nominated for Grammy Awards. Tangerine Dream_sentence_86

Since then, Tangerine Dream with Jerome Froese took a directional change away from the new-age leanings of those albums and toward an electronica style. Tangerine Dream_sentence_87

After Jerome's departure, founder Edgar Froese steered the band in a direction somewhat reminiscent of material throughout their career. Tangerine Dream_sentence_88

In later years, Tangerine Dream released albums in series. Tangerine Dream_sentence_89

The Dream Mixes series began in 1995 with the last being released in 2010. Tangerine Dream_sentence_90

The Divine Comedy series, based on the writings of Dante Alighieri, spanned 2002–2006. Tangerine Dream_sentence_91

From 2007 to 2010, the Five Atomic Seasons were released. Tangerine Dream_sentence_92

Most recently, the Eastgate Sonic Poems series, based on the works of famous poetic authors such as Edgar Allan Poe and Franz Kafka, began in 2011, with the last appearing in 2013. Tangerine Dream_sentence_93

Also, beginning in 2007, Tangerine Dream released a number of EPs, referred to as "CupDiscs" by the band. Tangerine Dream_sentence_94

Edgar Froese also released a number of solo recordings, which are similar in style to Tangerine Dream's work. Tangerine Dream_sentence_95

Jerome Froese released a number of singles as TDJ Rome, which are similar to his work within the Dream Mixes series. Tangerine Dream_sentence_96

In 2005 he released his first solo album Neptunes under the name Jerome Froese. Tangerine Dream_sentence_97

In 2006 Jerome left Tangerine Dream to concentrate on his solo career. Tangerine Dream_sentence_98

His second solo album Shiver Me Timbers was released on 29 October 2007, and his third, Far Side of the Face, was released in 2012. Tangerine Dream_sentence_99

Beginning in 2011, Jerome Froese joined with former Tangerine Dream member Johannes Schmoelling and keyboardist Robert Waters to form the band Loom, which plays original material, as well as Tangerine Dream classics. Tangerine Dream_sentence_100

Thorsten Quaeschning, leader of Picture Palace Music, was brought into Tangerine Dream in 2005 and contributed to most of the band's albums and CupDiscs since then. Tangerine Dream_sentence_101

The group had recording contracts with Ohr, Virgin, Jive Electro, Private Music, and Miramar, and many of the minor soundtracks were released on Varèse Sarabande. Tangerine Dream_sentence_102

In 1996, the band founded their own record label, TDI, and more recently, Eastgate. Tangerine Dream_sentence_103

Subsequent albums are today generally not available in normal retail channels but are sold by mail-order or through online channels. Tangerine Dream_sentence_104

The same applies to their Miramar releases, the rights to which the band bought back. Tangerine Dream_sentence_105

Meanwhile, their Ohr and Jive Electro catalogs (known as the "Pink" and "Blue" Years) are currently owned by Esoteric Recordings. Tangerine Dream_sentence_106

Concert updates Tangerine Dream_section_8

To celebrate their 40th anniversary (1967–2007), Tangerine Dream announced their only UK concert: at London Astoria on 20 April 2007. Tangerine Dream_sentence_107

The band also played a totally free open-air concert in Eberswalde on 1 July 2007 and at the Alte Oper in Frankfurt on Main on 7 October 2007. Tangerine Dream_sentence_108

2008 saw the band in Eindhoven Netherlands playing at E-Day (an electronic music festival); later in the year they also played the Night of the Prog Festival in Loreley, Germany, as well as concerts at the Kentish Town Forum, in London on 1 November, at the Picture House, Edinburgh on 2 November, and their first live concert in the US for over a decade, at the UCLA Royce Hall, Los Angeles on 7 November. Tangerine Dream_sentence_109

In 2009, the group announced that they would play a concert at the Royal Albert Hall in London, on 1 April 2010, titled the Zeitgeist concert, 35 years after their milestone concert there on 2 April 1975. Tangerine Dream_sentence_110

The entire concert was released as a 3-CD live album on 7 July 2010. Tangerine Dream_sentence_111

Tangerine Dream embarked in spring and summer 2012 on a tour of Europe, Canada and the USA called The Electric Mandarine Tour 2012: The 1st leg was a 5-date European tour, beginning on 10 April in Budapest (Hungary) via Padua (Italy), Milano (Italy), Zurich (Switzerland), and ending on 10 May in Berlin (Germany). Tangerine Dream_sentence_112

The 2nd leg was a North-American tour which started with the Jazz Festival in Montréal (Canada) on 30 June, followed by a concert on 4 July at the Bluesfest in Ottawa (Canada) and continued as a 10-date US journey beginning in July in Boston, then New York, Philadelphia, Washington, and California. Tangerine Dream_sentence_113

On 16 November 2014, Tangerine Dream performed in Melbourne, Australia, as part of Melbourne Music Week. Tangerine Dream_sentence_114

They were the final shows with Froese. Tangerine Dream_sentence_115

Tangerine Dream played two consecutive nights at the Union Chapel, Islington London on April 23 & 24 2018, the second supported by ex-Japan and Porcupine Tree musician Richard Barbieri. Tangerine Dream_sentence_116

In October and November 2019, Tangerine Dream went on its 16 step Random & Revision Tour. Tangerine Dream_sentence_117

After Edgar Froese's death Tangerine Dream_section_9

Edgar Froese died suddenly in Vienna on 20 January 2015 from a pulmonary embolism. Tangerine Dream_sentence_118

On 6 April 2015, the group's remaining members (Quaeschning, Schnauss and Yamane) and Bianca Acquaye (Froese's widow), pledged to continue working together in an effort to fulfill Froese's vision for the group. Tangerine Dream_sentence_119

However, ex-member Jerome Froese announced in his Facebook time line that in his opinion Tangerine Dream will not exist without his father. Tangerine Dream_sentence_120

Tangerine Dream played their first show following Froese's death on 9 June 2016 in Szczecin, Poland. Tangerine Dream_sentence_121

On 29 September 2017, Tangerine Dream released their new studio album entitled Quantum Gate, celebrating the 50th anniversary of the band's foundation. Tangerine Dream_sentence_122

The album is based on ideas and musical sketches by founder Edgar Froese and was completed by the remaining members of the band. Tangerine Dream_sentence_123

On 31 January 2020, Tangerine Dream re-released their December 2019 album Recurring Dreams, an 11-track collection of new recordings of some of the band's classic tracks, worldwide through Kscope. Tangerine Dream_sentence_124

This was launched to coincide with the Tangerine Dream: Zeitraffer exhibition which opened on 17 January 2020 at London's Barbican and runs until 2 May 2020. Tangerine Dream_sentence_125

On 9 June 2020 Paul Frick became the first member to join the group following Edgar's death after making guest appearances the prior two years. Tangerine Dream_sentence_126

The group is currently working on a new album as a four-piece. Tangerine Dream_sentence_127

Artistic connections Tangerine Dream_section_10

Influences Tangerine Dream_section_11

Tangerine Dream began as a surreal rock band, with each of the members contributing different musical influences and styles. Tangerine Dream_sentence_128

Edgar Froese's guitar style was inspired by Jimi Hendrix, while Christopher Franke contributed the more avant garde elements of Karlheinz Stockhausen and Terry Riley. Tangerine Dream_sentence_129

Yes-like progressive rock influence was brought in by Steve Jolliffe on Cyclone. Tangerine Dream_sentence_130

The sample-based sound collages of Johannes Schmoelling drew their inspiration from a number of sources; one instance is Steve Reich's Music for 18 Musicians on parts of Logos Live, and the track "Love on a Real Train" from the Risky Business soundtrack. Tangerine Dream_sentence_131

Classical music has had an influence on the sound of Tangerine Dream over the years. Tangerine Dream_sentence_132

György Ligeti, Johann Sebastian Bach, Pierre Boulez, Iannis Xenakis, Maurice Ravel, and Arcangelo Corelli are clearly visible as dominant influences in the early albums. Tangerine Dream_sentence_133

A Baroque sensibility sometimes informs the more coordinated sequencer patterns, which has its most direct expression in the La Folia section that comes at the very end of the title track of Force Majeure. Tangerine Dream_sentence_134

In live performances, the piano solos often directly quoted from Romantic classical works for piano, such as the Beethoven and Mozart snippets in much of the late 1970s – early 1980s stage shows. Tangerine Dream_sentence_135

In the bootleg recording of the Mannheim Mozartsaal concert of 1976 (Tangerine Tree volume 13), the first part of the first piece also clearly quotes from Franz Liszt's Totentanz. Tangerine Dream_sentence_136

The first phrase is played on a harpsichord synthesizer patch and is answered by the second half of the phrase in a flute voicing on a Mellotron. Tangerine Dream_sentence_137

During the 1990s, many releases included recordings of classical compositions: Pictures at an Exhibition (on Turn of the Tides), Largo (from Xerxes) (on Tyranny of Beauty), Symphony in A Minor (by J. S. Bach), and Concerto in A Major / Adagio (by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) (both on Ambient Monkeys). Tangerine Dream_sentence_138

Since the 1990s, Tangerine Dream have also recorded cover versions of Jimi Hendrix' "Purple Haze" (first on 220 Volt Live) and The Beatles' "Eleanor Rigby", "Back in the U.S.S.R.", "Tomorrow Never Knows", and "Norwegian Wood". Tangerine Dream_sentence_139

An infrequently recurring non-musical influence on Tangerine Dream, and Edgar Froese in particular, have been 12th–19th-century poets. Tangerine Dream_sentence_140

This was first evident on the 1981 album Exit, the track title "Pilots of the Purple Twilight" being a quote from Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem Locksley Hall. Tangerine Dream_sentence_141

Six years later, the album Tyger featured poems from William Blake set to music; and around the turn of the millennium, Edgar Froese started working on a musical trilogy based on Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy, completed in 2006. Tangerine Dream_sentence_142

Most recently, the 2007 album Madcap's Flaming Duty features more poems set to music, some again from Blake but also e.g. Walt Whitman. Tangerine Dream_sentence_143

Pink Floyd were also an influence on Edgar Froese and Tangerine Dream, the band in its very early psychedelic rock band phase playing improvisations based on Pink Floyd's "Interstellar Overdrive". Tangerine Dream_sentence_144

Madcap's Flaming Duty is dedicated to the memory of the late Syd Barrett. Tangerine Dream_sentence_145

The title refers to Barrett's solo release "The Madcap Laughs". Tangerine Dream_sentence_146

The band's influence can be felt in ambient artists such as Deepspace, The Future Sound of London, David Kristian, and Global Communication, as well as rock, pop, and dance artists such as Porcupine Tree, M83, DJ Shadow, Ulrich Schnauss, Cut Copy, and Kasabian. Tangerine Dream_sentence_147

The band also clearly influenced 1990s and 2000s trance music, where lush soundscapes and synth pads are used along with repetitive synth sequences, much like in their 1975 releases Rubycon and Ricochet, as well as some of their music from the early 1980s. Tangerine Dream_sentence_148

The group have also been sampled countless times, more recently by Recoil on the album SubHuman, by Sasha on Involver, and on several Houzan Suzuki albums. Tangerine Dream_sentence_149

Michael Jackson also cited Tangerine Dream as one of his favourite bands, especially their 1977 soundtrack for Sorcerer. Tangerine Dream_sentence_150

In popular culture Tangerine Dream_section_12

Tangerine Dream_unordered_list_0

  • Noel Fielding, of The Mighty Boosh, said that Force Majeure is his favourite album of all time.Tangerine Dream_item_0_0
  • Steven Wilson, of Porcupine Tree, stated that Tangerine Dream was one of his influences to make his music, and often cites Zeit as his all-time favorite album.Tangerine Dream_item_0_1
  • Japanese electronic musician Susumu Hirasawa dedicated his song "Island Door (Paranesian Circle)" (トビラ島(パラネシアン・サークル), Tobira Shima (Paraneshian Circle)) to Tangerine Dream. At 13 minutes, it is Hirasawa's longest composition.Tangerine Dream_item_0_2
  • In science fiction author Alastair Reynolds's Revelation Space universe, one of the gas giant planets in the Epsilon Eridani system is named Tangerine Dream.Tangerine Dream_item_0_3
  • The Japanese band Do As Infinity's debut single "Tangerine Dream" was named after the band.Tangerine Dream_item_0_4
  • Till Lindemann, vocalist of Rammstein, stated that Tangerine Dream was one of his influences to make his music.Tangerine Dream_item_0_5
  • In an episode of Aqua Teen Hunger Force a character named Romulox mentions the band Tangerine Dream.Tangerine Dream_item_0_6
  • At the end of Tenacious D's track "City Hall", lead singer Jack Black references the group ("Malibu nights, tangerine dreams").Tangerine Dream_item_0_7
  • British rock and roll band Kasabian recently paid tribute to Tangerine Dream, describing them as one of their "spiritual influences".Tangerine Dream_item_0_8
  • In the 1983 movie Valley Girl, the character of Randy (played by Nicolas Cage) can be seen wearing a Tangerine Dream concert shirt during the "I Melt With You" montage scene when sitting in the mall food court with Julie (Deborah Foreman).Tangerine Dream_item_0_9
  • In Mystery Science Theater 3000: The Movie, Mike comments on the electronic soundtrack: "Well, the Tangerine Dream music is nice!"Tangerine Dream_item_0_10
  • In Rob Reiner's 1984 mockumentary This Is Spinal Tap, several copies of Tangerine Dream's 1980 album Tangram can briefly be seen in the record store in which members of Spinal Tap make an ill-fated signing appearance.Tangerine Dream_item_0_11
  • The track "Guido the Killer Pimp" from Risky Business (derived from "Cloudburst Flight" on Force Majeure) is used in Moonlighting (TV series) during the opening scene of the episode titled "Brother, Can You Spare a Blonde?" from Season 2.Tangerine Dream_item_0_12
  • The video game Last Ninja 2 features a reworked version of the Tangerine Dream track "Midnight in Tula" in the level The Office, and of "Alchemy Of The Heart" in the level The Mansion.Tangerine Dream_item_0_13
  • The video game Grand Theft Auto IV contains the Tangerine Dream track "Remote Viewing" as one of the songs played on the in-game radio station The Journey.Tangerine Dream_item_0_14
  • During the summer of 1982 the Polish broadcaster Telewizja Polska used a part of Tangerine Dream's "Ricochet" as the background of the weather forecast shown at the end of the major release of their then-information program "Dziennik Telewizyjny".Tangerine Dream_item_0_15
  • The track "Love on a Real Train" is used in the films Risky Business, The Squid and the Whale, Louder Than Bombs, at the end of the episode "eps1.4_3xpl0its.wmv" in Season 1 of Mr. Robot, and in Black Mirror: Bandersnatch, in which Phaedra is also used during the mirror scene.Tangerine Dream_item_0_16
  • In 2016, Netflix's original show Stranger Things used three Tangerine Dream tracks in its soundtrack: "Green Desert" from Green Desert (1986) in episode five, "Exit" from Exit (1981) in episode six and "Tangent (Rare Bird)" from Poland (1984) in episode eight. Composers of the soundtrack for the show, Kyle Dixon and Michael Stein of the electronic band Survive, also cited Tangerine Dream as the key influence behind the soundtrack, some of which were later covered by Tangerine Dream themselves.Tangerine Dream_item_0_17
  • Various Tangerine Dream tracks were utilized on the television soap opera Santa Barbara during the serial's early years.Tangerine Dream_item_0_18
  • In 2018, the Netflix interactive film Black Mirror: Bandersnatch used the tracks "Love on a Real Train", "Phaedra" and "Mysterious Semblance at the Strand of Nightmares".Tangerine Dream_item_0_19
  • Tangerine Dream's track Choronzon has been featured in the opening sequence of Hungarian public service television channel MTV1's political background program Panoráma.Tangerine Dream_item_0_20

Personnel Tangerine Dream_section_13

Members Tangerine Dream_section_14

Tangerine Dream_description_list_1

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Bianca Froese-Acquaye, Edgar Froese's widow, has taken up the mantle of continuing the legacy of the group and works closely in a non-musical capacity with the remaining members. Tangerine Dream_sentence_151

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Line-ups Tangerine Dream_section_15

Timeline Tangerine Dream_section_16

Guest musicians Tangerine Dream_section_17

Discography Tangerine Dream_section_18

Tangerine Dream has released over one hundred albums (not counting compilations and fan releases) over the last five decades. Tangerine Dream_sentence_152

A project to collect and release fan concert recordings, known as the Tangerine Tree, was active from 2002 to 2006. Tangerine Dream_sentence_153

Main article: Tangerine Dream discography Tangerine Dream_sentence_154

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tangerine Dream.