Tenza Valley

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Tenza Valley_table_infobox_0

Tenza ValleyTenza Valley_header_cell_0_0_0
Floor elevationTenza Valley_header_cell_0_1_0 395–2,095 m (1,296–6,873 ft)Tenza Valley_cell_0_1_1
GeologyTenza Valley_header_cell_0_2_0
TypeTenza Valley_header_cell_0_3_0 ValleyTenza Valley_cell_0_3_1
GeographyTenza Valley_header_cell_0_4_0
LocationTenza Valley_header_cell_0_5_0 Eastern RangesTenza Valley_cell_0_5_1
CountryTenza Valley_header_cell_0_6_0 ColombiaTenza Valley_cell_0_6_1
StateTenza Valley_header_cell_0_7_0 Cundinamarca, BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_0_7_1
Population centersTenza Valley_header_cell_0_8_0 Tenza, Garagoa and SutatenzaTenza Valley_cell_0_8_1
CoordinatesTenza Valley_header_cell_0_9_0 Tenza Valley_cell_0_9_1
RiverTenza Valley_header_cell_0_10_0 LengupáTenza Valley_cell_0_10_1

The Tenza Valley (Spanish: Valle de Tenza) is an intermontane valley in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes. Tenza Valley_sentence_0

The valley stretches over the southeastern part of the department of Boyacá and the northeastern part of Cundinamarca. Tenza Valley_sentence_1

It is located east of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense and in the time before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca, as the Altiplano was inhabited by the Muisca in the higher altitudes and the Tegua in the lower areas to the east. Tenza Valley_sentence_2

Etymology Tenza Valley_section_0

The Tenza Valley is named after Tenza which means in Chibcha: "Behind the mouth" or "Going down at night". Tenza Valley_sentence_3

Geography and geology Tenza Valley_section_1

The Tenza Valley is situated in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes at altitudes between approximately 2,100 metres (6,900 ft) in the northwest and 400 metres (1,300 ft) in the southeast. Tenza Valley_sentence_4

The Lengupá River, part of the Orinoco drainage basin, flows through the valley and connects the higher altitude Altiplano Cundiboyacense with the Llanos Orientales. Tenza Valley_sentence_5

The Une, Villeta, Socha, Macanal and Bogotá Formations outcrop in the valley. Tenza Valley_sentence_6

The valley is rich in water. Tenza Valley_sentence_7

The average temperature is 20 °C (68 °F). Tenza Valley_sentence_8

History Tenza Valley_section_2

The Tenza Valley was inhabited by the Muisca before conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada entered the central highlands of Colombia. Tenza Valley_sentence_9

The Tenza Valley was ruled by a cacique who was loyal to the zaque based in Hunza, present-day Tunja. Tenza Valley_sentence_10

On the fertile lands of the valley the indigenous people elaborated their agriculture. Tenza Valley_sentence_11

The valley was also important in the economy of the Muisca, hosting the important emerald resources of Chivor and Somondoco. Tenza Valley_sentence_12

Archaeologist Juanita Sáenz Samper has discovered three agricultural terraces and five cemeteries hosting one grave and pertaining to pre-Columbian times. Tenza Valley_sentence_13

The research in the Tenza Valley has also uncovered typical grey ceramics of the area, called Valle de Tenza Gris. Tenza Valley_sentence_14

Modern times Tenza Valley_section_3

The Chivor Reservoir, producing 8% of Colombia's hydroelectric energy, is located in the Tenza Valley. Tenza Valley_sentence_15

Despite the pleasant climate compared to the colder regions of Boyacá, the Tenza Valley is not touristic. Tenza Valley_sentence_16

Economy Tenza Valley_section_4

The temperate climate of the Tenza Valley allows for a variety in agriculture. Tenza Valley_sentence_17

Main products cultivated are maize, yuca, potatoes, papa criolla, sugarcane, tomatoes, bananas, coffee, fique, arracacha, peas, beans, cucumbers, pumpkins, mangoes, chirimoya, oranges, avocadoes, pineapples, mandarines, papayas, maracuyá, guayaba and lulo. Tenza Valley_sentence_18

In terms of mining, the emerald mines of Chivor and Somondoco are important. Tenza Valley_sentence_19

Coal mines and gold extraction form another part of the mining business in the valley. Tenza Valley_sentence_20

Salt is mined on a minor scale in Sutatenza and gypsum is exploited in Macanal. Tenza Valley_sentence_21

Municipalities in the Tenza Valley Tenza Valley_section_5

Tenza Valley_table_general_1

MunicipalityTenza Valley_header_cell_1_0_0 DepartmentTenza Valley_header_cell_1_0_1 Ruler(s)Tenza Valley_header_cell_1_0_2 Altitude

urban centre (m)Tenza Valley_header_cell_1_0_3

Surface area

(km)Tenza Valley_header_cell_1_0_4

RemarksTenza Valley_header_cell_1_0_5 MapTenza Valley_header_cell_1_0_6
TenzaTenza Valley_cell_1_1_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_1_1 caciqueTenza Valley_cell_1_1_2 1600Tenza Valley_cell_1_1_3 51Tenza Valley_cell_1_1_4 Namesake of the valleyTenza Valley_cell_1_1_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_1_6
AlmeidaTenza Valley_cell_1_2_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_2_1 zaqueTenza Valley_cell_1_2_2 1925Tenza Valley_cell_1_2_3 57.98Tenza Valley_cell_1_2_4 Hydroelectric plant of the Chivor ReservoirTenza Valley_cell_1_2_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_2_6
La CapillaTenza Valley_cell_1_3_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_3_1 zaqueTenza Valley_cell_1_3_2 1750Tenza Valley_cell_1_3_3 57.26Tenza Valley_cell_1_3_4 Tenza Valley_cell_1_3_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_3_6
ChinavitaTenza Valley_cell_1_4_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_4_1 zaqueTenza Valley_cell_1_4_2 1763Tenza Valley_cell_1_4_3 148Tenza Valley_cell_1_4_4 Tenza Valley_cell_1_4_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_4_6
ChivorTenza Valley_cell_1_5_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_5_1 caciqueTenza Valley_cell_1_5_2 1800Tenza Valley_cell_1_5_3 108.36Tenza Valley_cell_1_5_4 Important emerald minesTenza Valley_cell_1_5_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_5_6
GaragoaTenza Valley_cell_1_6_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_6_1 zaqueTenza Valley_cell_1_6_2 1650Tenza Valley_cell_1_6_3 191.75Tenza Valley_cell_1_6_4 Seat of the Diocese (Catholic Church)Tenza Valley_cell_1_6_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_6_6
GuatequeTenza Valley_cell_1_7_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_7_1 caciqueTenza Valley_cell_1_7_2 1815Tenza Valley_cell_1_7_3 36.04Tenza Valley_cell_1_7_4 Tenza Valley_cell_1_7_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_7_6
GuayatáTenza Valley_cell_1_8_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_8_1 caciqueTenza Valley_cell_1_8_2 1767Tenza Valley_cell_1_8_3 112Tenza Valley_cell_1_8_4 Famous for its bread rolls (mogollas)Tenza Valley_cell_1_8_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_8_6
MacanalTenza Valley_cell_1_9_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_9_1 zaqueTenza Valley_cell_1_9_2 1680Tenza Valley_cell_1_9_3 199.5Tenza Valley_cell_1_9_4 Gypsum miningTenza Valley_cell_1_9_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_9_6
PachavitaTenza Valley_cell_1_10_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_10_1 zaqueTenza Valley_cell_1_10_2 1985Tenza Valley_cell_1_10_3 68Tenza Valley_cell_1_10_4 Tenza Valley_cell_1_10_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_10_6
SomondocoTenza Valley_cell_1_11_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_11_1 zaqueTenza Valley_cell_1_11_2 1670Tenza Valley_cell_1_11_3 58.7Tenza Valley_cell_1_11_4 Emerald minesTenza Valley_cell_1_11_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_11_6
SutatenzaTenza Valley_cell_1_12_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_12_1 zaqueTenza Valley_cell_1_12_2 1890Tenza Valley_cell_1_12_3 41.26Tenza Valley_cell_1_12_4 Minor salt miningTenza Valley_cell_1_12_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_12_6
MantaTenza Valley_cell_1_13_0 CundinamarcaTenza Valley_cell_1_13_1 caciqueTenza Valley_cell_1_13_2 1924Tenza Valley_cell_1_13_3 105Tenza Valley_cell_1_13_4 Possible birthplace of

Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, assassinated in 1948Tenza Valley_cell_1_13_5

Tenza Valley_cell_1_13_6
MachetáTenza Valley_cell_1_14_0 CundinamarcaTenza Valley_cell_1_14_1 zaqueTenza Valley_cell_1_14_2 2094Tenza Valley_cell_1_14_3 229.35Tenza Valley_cell_1_14_4 Tenza Valley_cell_1_14_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_14_6
TibiritáTenza Valley_cell_1_15_0 CundinamarcaTenza Valley_cell_1_15_1 zaqueTenza Valley_cell_1_15_2 1980Tenza Valley_cell_1_15_3 57.2Tenza Valley_cell_1_15_4 Tenza Valley_cell_1_15_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_15_6
Santa MaríaTenza Valley_cell_1_16_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_16_1 TeguaTenza Valley_cell_1_16_2 850Tenza Valley_cell_1_16_3 326.44Tenza Valley_cell_1_16_4 Tenza Valley_cell_1_16_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_16_6
San Luis de GacenoTenza Valley_cell_1_17_0 BoyacáTenza Valley_cell_1_17_1 TeguaTenza Valley_cell_1_17_2 395Tenza Valley_cell_1_17_3 458.5Tenza Valley_cell_1_17_4 Tenza Valley_cell_1_17_5 Tenza Valley_cell_1_17_6

See also Tenza Valley_section_6

Tenza Valley_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tenza Valley.