Terminologia Anatomica

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Terminologia Anatomica (TA) is the international standard on human anatomic terminology. Terminologia Anatomica_sentence_0

It was developed by the Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology (FCAT) and the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA) and was released in 1998. Terminologia Anatomica_sentence_1

It supersedes the previous standard, Nomina Anatomica. Terminologia Anatomica_sentence_2

Terminologia Anatomica contains terminology for about 7500 human gross (macroscopic) anatomical structures. Terminologia Anatomica_sentence_3

In April 2011, Terminologia Anatomica was published online by the Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminologies (FIPAT), the successor of FCAT. Terminologia Anatomica_sentence_4

Categories of anatomical structures Terminologia Anatomica_section_0

The TA divides anatomical structures into the following main categories (Latin standard in parentheses) : Terminologia Anatomica_sentence_5

A01: General anatomy (anatomia generalis) Terminologia Anatomica_section_1

Terminologia Anatomica_unordered_list_0

  • General terms (anatomia generalissima)Terminologia Anatomica_item_0_0

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_1

  1. Parts of human bodyTerminologia Anatomica_item_1_1
  2. Planes, lines and regionsTerminologia Anatomica_item_1_2

A02: Bones (ossa) Terminologia Anatomica_section_2

Terminologia Anatomica_unordered_list_2

  • General termsTerminologia Anatomica_item_2_3

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_3

  1. CraniumTerminologia Anatomica_item_3_4
  2. Bones of craniumTerminologia Anatomica_item_3_5
  3. Vertebral columnTerminologia Anatomica_item_3_6
  4. Bones of upper limbTerminologia Anatomica_item_3_7
  5. Bones of lower limbTerminologia Anatomica_item_3_8

A03: Joints (juncturae) Terminologia Anatomica_section_3

Terminologia Anatomica_unordered_list_4

  • General termsTerminologia Anatomica_item_4_9

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_5

  1. Joints of skullTerminologia Anatomica_item_5_10
  2. Vertebral jointsTerminologia Anatomica_item_5_11
  3. Thoracic jointTerminologia Anatomica_item_5_12
  4. Joints of pelvic girdleTerminologia Anatomica_item_5_13
  5. Joints of upper limbTerminologia Anatomica_item_5_14
  6. Joints of lower limbTerminologia Anatomica_item_5_15

A04: Muscles (musculi) Terminologia Anatomica_section_4

Terminologia Anatomica_unordered_list_6

  • General termsTerminologia Anatomica_item_6_16

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_7

  1. Muscles of headTerminologia Anatomica_item_7_17
  2. Muscles of neckTerminologia Anatomica_item_7_18
  3. Muscles of backTerminologia Anatomica_item_7_19
  4. Muscles of thoraxTerminologia Anatomica_item_7_20
  5. Muscles of abdomenTerminologia Anatomica_item_7_21
  6. Muscles of upper limbTerminologia Anatomica_item_7_22
  7. Muscles of lower limbTerminologia Anatomica_item_7_23
  8. Tendon sheaths and bursaeTerminologia Anatomica_item_7_24

A05: Alimentary system (systema digestorium) Terminologia Anatomica_section_5

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_8

  1. MouthTerminologia Anatomica_item_8_25
  2. FaucesTerminologia Anatomica_item_8_26
  3. PharynxTerminologia Anatomica_item_8_27
  4. OesophagusTerminologia Anatomica_item_8_28
  5. StomachTerminologia Anatomica_item_8_29
  6. Small intestineTerminologia Anatomica_item_8_30
  7. Large intestineTerminologia Anatomica_item_8_31
  8. Liver, GallbladderTerminologia Anatomica_item_8_32
  9. PancreasTerminologia Anatomica_item_8_33

A06: Respiratory system (systema respiratorium) Terminologia Anatomica_section_6

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_9

  1. NoseTerminologia Anatomica_item_9_34
  2. LarynxTerminologia Anatomica_item_9_35
  3. TracheaTerminologia Anatomica_item_9_36
  4. BronchiTerminologia Anatomica_item_9_37
  5. LungsTerminologia Anatomica_item_9_38

A07: Thoracic cavity (cavitas thoracis) Terminologia Anatomica_section_7

Further information: Thoracic cavity Terminologia Anatomica_sentence_6

A08: Urinary system (systema urinarium) Terminologia Anatomica_section_8

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_10

  1. KidneyTerminologia Anatomica_item_10_39
  2. UreterTerminologia Anatomica_item_10_40
  3. Urinary bladderTerminologia Anatomica_item_10_41
  4. Female urethraTerminologia Anatomica_item_10_42
  5. Male urethraTerminologia Anatomica_item_10_43

A09: Genital systems (systemata genitalia) Terminologia Anatomica_section_9

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_11

  1. Female internal genitaliaTerminologia Anatomica_item_11_44
  2. Female external genitaliaTerminologia Anatomica_item_11_45
  3. Male internal genitaliaTerminologia Anatomica_item_11_46
  4. Male external genitaliaTerminologia Anatomica_item_11_47
  5. PerineumTerminologia Anatomica_item_11_48

A10: Abdominopelvic cavity (cavitas abdominis et pelvis) Terminologia Anatomica_section_10

Source: Terminologia Anatomica_sentence_7

A11: Endocrine glands (glandulae endocrinae) Terminologia Anatomica_section_11

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_12

  1. Pituitary glandTerminologia Anatomica_item_12_49
  2. Pineal glandTerminologia Anatomica_item_12_50
  3. Thyroid glandTerminologia Anatomica_item_12_51
  4. Parathyroid glandTerminologia Anatomica_item_12_52
  5. Suprarenal glandTerminologia Anatomica_item_12_53
  6. Pancreatic isletsTerminologia Anatomica_item_12_54

A12: Cardiovascular system (systema cardiovasculare) Terminologia Anatomica_section_12

Terminologia Anatomica_unordered_list_13

  • General termsTerminologia Anatomica_item_13_55

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_14

  1. HeartTerminologia Anatomica_item_14_56
  2. ArteriesTerminologia Anatomica_item_14_57
  3. VeinsTerminologia Anatomica_item_14_58
  4. Lymphatic trunks and ductsTerminologia Anatomica_item_14_59

A13: Lymphoid system (systema lymphoideum) Terminologia Anatomica_section_13

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_15

  1. Primary lymphoid organsTerminologia Anatomica_item_15_60
  2. Secondary lymphoid organsTerminologia Anatomica_item_15_61
  3. Regional lymph nodesTerminologia Anatomica_item_15_62

A14: Nervous system (systema nervosum) Terminologia Anatomica_section_14

Terminologia Anatomica_unordered_list_16

  • General termsTerminologia Anatomica_item_16_63

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_17

  1. Central nervous systemTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_64
    1. MeningesTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_65
    2. Spinal cordTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_66
    3. BrainTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_67
    4. Medulla oblongataTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_68
    5. PonsTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_69
    6. MesencephalonTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_70
    7. CerebellumTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_71
    8. DiencephalonTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_72
    9. TelencephalonTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_73
  2. Peripheral nervous systemTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_74
    1. Cranial nervesTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_75
    2. Spinal nervesTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_76
  3. Autonomic nervous systemTerminologia Anatomica_item_17_77

A15: Sense organs (organa sensuum) Terminologia Anatomica_section_15

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_18

  1. Olfactory organ (the nose and related structures)Terminologia Anatomica_item_18_78
  2. Eye and related structures (visual system)Terminologia Anatomica_item_18_79
  3. Ear (auditory system)Terminologia Anatomica_item_18_80
  4. Gustatory organ (the tongue and related structures)Terminologia Anatomica_item_18_81

A16: The integument (integumentum commune) Terminologia Anatomica_section_16

Terminologia Anatomica_unordered_list_19

  • SkinTerminologia Anatomica_item_19_82

Terminologia Anatomica_ordered_list_20

  1. Subcutaneous tissueTerminologia Anatomica_item_20_83

See also Terminologia Anatomica_section_17

Terminologia Anatomica_unordered_list_21


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terminologia Anatomica.