The Hague

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"Den Haag" and "Hague" redirect here. The Hague_sentence_0

For other uses, see Haag (disambiguation) and Hague (disambiguation). The Hague_sentence_1

For the elm cultivar, see Ulmus 'Den Haag'. The Hague_sentence_2

The Hague_table_infobox_0

The Hague

Den Haag 's-GravenhageThe Hague_header_cell_0_0_0

CountryThe Hague_header_cell_0_1_0 NetherlandsThe Hague_cell_0_1_1
ProvinceThe Hague_header_cell_0_2_0 South HollandThe Hague_cell_0_2_1
City HallThe Hague_header_cell_0_3_0 The Hague City HallThe Hague_cell_0_3_1
BoroughsThe Hague_header_cell_0_4_0 Eight districtsThe Hague_cell_0_4_1
GovernmentThe Hague_header_cell_0_5_0
BodyThe Hague_header_cell_0_6_0 Municipal councilThe Hague_cell_0_6_1
MayorThe Hague_header_cell_0_7_0 Jan van Zanen (VVD)The Hague_cell_0_7_1
AldermenThe Hague_header_cell_0_8_0 ListThe Hague_cell_0_8_1
AreaThe Hague_header_cell_0_9_0
MunicipalityThe Hague_header_cell_0_10_0 98.13 km (37.89 sq mi)The Hague_cell_0_10_1
LandThe Hague_header_cell_0_11_0 82.45 km (31.83 sq mi)The Hague_cell_0_11_1
WaterThe Hague_header_cell_0_12_0 15.68 km (6.05 sq mi)The Hague_cell_0_12_1
RandstadThe Hague_header_cell_0_13_0 3,043 km (1,175 sq mi)The Hague_cell_0_13_1
ElevationThe Hague_header_cell_0_14_0 1 m (3 ft)The Hague_cell_0_14_1
Population (1 November 2019)The Hague_header_cell_0_15_0
MunicipalityThe Hague_header_cell_0_16_0 544,766The Hague_cell_0_16_1
DensityThe Hague_header_cell_0_17_0 6,523/km (16,890/sq mi)The Hague_cell_0_17_1
UrbanThe Hague_header_cell_0_18_0 657,894The Hague_cell_0_18_1
MetroThe Hague_header_cell_0_19_0 1,054,793The Hague_cell_0_19_1
Metropolitan regionThe Hague_header_cell_0_20_0 2,261,844The Hague_cell_0_20_1
RandstadThe Hague_header_cell_0_21_0 6,979,500The Hague_cell_0_21_1
Demonym(s)The Hague_header_cell_0_22_0 Hagenaar or HageneesThe Hague_cell_0_22_1
Time zoneThe Hague_header_cell_0_23_0 UTC+1 (CET)The Hague_cell_0_23_1
Summer (DST)The Hague_header_cell_0_24_0 UTC+2 (CEST)The Hague_cell_0_24_1
PostcodeThe Hague_header_cell_0_25_0 2490–2599The Hague_cell_0_25_1
Area codeThe Hague_header_cell_0_26_0 070, 015The Hague_cell_0_26_1
WebsiteThe Hague_header_cell_0_27_0 The Hague_cell_0_27_1

The Hague (/heɪɡ/; Dutch: Den Haag [dɛn ˈɦaːx (listen) or 's‑Gravenhage [ˌsxraːvə(n)ˈɦaːɣə (listen)) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands on the North Sea, the administrative and royal capital of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland. The Hague_sentence_3

It is also the seat of government of the Netherlands and hosts the International Court of Justice, one of the most important courts in the world. The Hague_sentence_4

With a metropolitan population of more than 1 million, it is the third-largest city in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam and Rotterdam. The Hague_sentence_5

The Rotterdam–The Hague metropolitan area, with a population of approximately 2.7 million, is the 10th-largest in the European Union and the most populous in the country. The Hague_sentence_6

In the west of the Netherlands, The Hague is in the centre of the Haaglanden conurbation and lies at the southwest corner of the larger Randstad conurbation. The Hague_sentence_7

The Hague is the seat of the Cabinet, the States General, the Supreme Court, and the Council of State of the Netherlands, but the city is not the constitutional capital of the Netherlands, which is Amsterdam. The Hague_sentence_8

King Willem-Alexander lives in Huis ten Bosch and works at the Noordeinde Palace in The Hague, together with Queen Máxima. The Hague_sentence_9

Most foreign embassies in the Netherlands are located in the city. The Hague_sentence_10

The Hague is also home to the world headquarters of Royal Dutch Shell and other Dutch companies. The Hague_sentence_11

The Hague is known as the home of international law and arbitration. The Hague_sentence_12

The International Court of Justice, the main judicial arm of the United Nations, is located in the city, as well as the International Criminal Court, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, Europol, and approximately 200 other international governmental organisations. The Hague_sentence_13

Etymology The Hague_section_0

The Hague was first mentioned as Die Haghe in 1242. The Hague_sentence_14

In the 15th century, the name des Graven hage came into use, literally "The Count's Wood", with connotations like "The Count's Hedge, Private Enclosure or Hunting Grounds". The Hague_sentence_15

"'s Gravenhage" was officially used for the city from the 17th century onward. The Hague_sentence_16

Today, this name is only used in some official documents like birth and marriage certificates. The Hague_sentence_17

The city itself uses "Den Haag" in all its communications. The Hague_sentence_18

History The Hague_section_1

See also: Timeline of The Hague The Hague_sentence_19

Ancient history The Hague_section_2

The area was part of the Roman province of Germania Inferior and was close to the border of the empire, the Upper Germanic-Rhaetian Limes. The Hague_sentence_20

In 1997, four Roman milestones were discovered at Wateringse Veld. The Hague_sentence_21

The originals are in the "Museon" museum. The Hague_sentence_22

The milestones indicate the distance from the nearest Roman city, Forum Hadriani (modern Voorburg) and can be dated to the reign of the emperors Antoninus Pius (138-161; the column is dated 151), Caracalla (211–217), Gordian III (238–244), and Decius (249–251). The Hague_sentence_23

Early history The Hague_section_3

Little is known about the origin of The Hague. The Hague_sentence_24

There are no contemporary documents describing it, and later sources are often of dubious reliability. The Hague_sentence_25

What is certain is that The Hague was founded by the last counts of the House of Holland. The Hague_sentence_26

Floris IV already owned two residences in the area, but presumably purchased a third court situated by the present-day Hofvijver in 1229, previously owned by a woman called Meilendis. The Hague_sentence_27

Presumably, Floris IV intended to rebuild the court into a large castle, but he died in a tournament in 1234, before anything was built. The Hague_sentence_28

His son and successor William II lived in the court, and after he was elected King of the Romans in 1248, he promptly returned to The Hague, and had builders turn the court into a "royal palace" (regale palacium), which would later be called the Binnenhof ("Inner Court"). The Hague_sentence_29

He died in 1256 before this palace was completed but parts of it were finished during the reign of his son Floris V, of which the Ridderzaal ("Knights' Hall"), still intact, is the most prominent. The Hague_sentence_30

It is still used for political events, such as the annual speech from the throne by the Dutch monarch. The Hague_sentence_31

From the 13th century onward, the counts of Holland used The Hague as their administrative center and residence when in Holland. The Hague_sentence_32

The village that originated around the Binnenhof was first mentioned as Die Haghe in a charter dating from 1242. The Hague_sentence_33

It became the primary residence of the Counts of Holland in 1358, and thus became the seat of many government institutions. The Hague_sentence_34

This status allowed the village to grow; by the Late Middle Ages, it had grown to the size of a city, although it did not receive city rights. The Hague_sentence_35

In its early years, the village was located in the ambacht, or rural district, of Monster, which was governed by the Lord of Monster. The Hague_sentence_36

Seeking to exercise more direct control over the village, however, the Count split the village off and created a separate ambacht called Haagambacht, governed directly by the Counts of Holland. The Hague_sentence_37

The territory of Haagambacht was considerably expanded during the reign of Floris V. The Hague_sentence_38

When the House of Burgundy inherited the counties of Holland and Zeeland in 1432, they appointed a stadtholder to rule in their stead with the States of Holland and West Friesland as an advisory council. The Hague_sentence_39

Although their seat was located in The Hague, the city became subordinate to more important centres of government such as Brussels and Mechelen, from where the sovereigns ruled over the increasingly centralised Burgundian Netherlands. The Hague_sentence_40

At the beginning of the Eighty Years' War, the absence of city walls proved disastrous, as it allowed Spanish troops to easily occupy the town. The Hague_sentence_41

In 1575, the States of Holland, temporarily based in Delft, even considered demolishing the city but this proposal was abandoned, after mediation by William the Silent. The Hague_sentence_42

In 1588, The Hague became the permanent seat of the States of Holland as well as the States General of the Dutch Republic. The Hague_sentence_43

In order for the administration to maintain control over city matters, The Hague never received official city status, although it did have many of the privileges normally granted only to cities. The Hague_sentence_44

In modern administrative law, "city rights" have no place anymore. The Hague_sentence_45

Modern history The Hague_section_4

Climate The Hague_section_5

The Hague experiences a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb) similar to almost all of the Netherlands. The Hague_sentence_46

Because of its location on the coast, it experiences milder winters and cooler summers than more inland locations. The Hague_sentence_47

It also gets more sunshine. The Hague_sentence_48

Cityscape The Hague_section_6

See also: List of tallest buildings in Haaglanden The Hague_sentence_49

City life concentrates around the Hofvijver and the Binnenhof, where the States General of the Netherlands are located. The Hague_sentence_50

Because of its history, the historical inner city of The Hague differs in various aspects from the nearby smaller cities of Leiden and Delft. The Hague_sentence_51

It does not have a cramped inner city, bordered by canals and walls. The Hague_sentence_52

Instead, it has some small streets in the town centre that may be dated from the late Middle Ages and several spacious streets boasting large and luxurious 18th-century residences built for diplomats and affluent Dutch families. The Hague_sentence_53

It has a large church dating from the 15th century, an impressive City Hall (built as such) from the 16th century, several large 17th-century palaces, a 17th-century Protestant church built in what was then a modern style, and many important 18th-century buildings. The Hague_sentence_54

The city is becoming more student friendly with the introduction of a new campus in 2012 of Leiden University as well as Leiden University College The Hague, which was established in 2010. The Hague_sentence_55

The Royal Conservatory of The Hague and the Royal Academy of Art are also located there, as well as The Hague University, a vocational university and a branch of The Open University of the Netherlands. The Hague_sentence_56

The city has many civil servants and diplomats. The Hague_sentence_57

In fact, the number and variety of foreign residents (especially the expatriates) make the city quite culturally diverse, with many foreign pubs, shops and cultural events. The Hague_sentence_58

The Hague is the largest Dutch city on the North Sea and includes two distinct beach resorts. The Hague_sentence_59

The main beach resort Scheveningen, in the northwestern part of the city is a popular destination for tourists as well as for inhabitants. The Hague_sentence_60

With 10 million visitors a year, it is the most popular beach town in the Benelux area. The Hague_sentence_61

Kijkduin, in the south west, is The Hague's other beach resort. The Hague_sentence_62

It is significantly smaller and attracts mainly local residents. The Hague_sentence_63

The former Dutch colony of the East Indies, now Indonesia, has left its mark on The Hague. The Hague_sentence_64

Since the 19th century, high level civil servants from the Dutch East Indies often spent long term leave and vacation in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_65

Many streets are named after places in the Netherlands East Indies (as well as other former Dutch colonies such as Suriname) and there is a sizable "Indo" (i.e. mixed Dutch-Indonesian) community. The Hague_sentence_66

Since the loss of these Dutch possessions in December 1949, "Indo people" also known as "Indische people" often refer to The Hague as "the Widow of the Indies". The Hague_sentence_67

The older parts of the town have many characteristically wide and long streets. The Hague_sentence_68

Houses are generally low-rise (often not more than three floors). The Hague_sentence_69

A large part of the south western city was planned by the progressive Dutch architect H.P. The Hague_sentence_70 Berlage about 1910. The Hague_sentence_71

This 'Plan Berlage' decided the spacious and homely streets for several decades. The Hague_sentence_72

In World War II, a large amount of the western portion of The Hague was destroyed by the Germans. The Hague_sentence_73

Afterwards, modernist architect W.M. The Hague_sentence_74 Dudok planned its renewal, putting apartment blocks for the middle class in open park-like settings. The Hague_sentence_75

The layout of the city is more spacious than other Dutch cities and because of the incorporation of large and old nobility estates, the creation of various parks and the use of green zones around natural streams, it is a much more green city than any other in the Netherlands. The Hague_sentence_76

That is, excepting some medieval close-knitted streets in the centre. The Hague_sentence_77

The Hague has a canal system around the old city center, which is mainly used for boat tours around the city. The Hague_sentence_78

Most of the canals were drained in the late 19th century but many have been restored recently. The Hague_sentence_79

The tallest buildings of The Hague are both 146-metre-tall ministries of Justice and Security and the Interior and Kingdom Relations of the Netherlands, designed by Hans Kollhoff. The Hague_sentence_80

Other significant skyscrapers include the Hoftoren, Het Strijkijzer and De Kroon. The Hague_sentence_81

Demographics The Hague_section_7

The Hague_table_infobox_1

City of Den Haag population by country of origin (2018)The Hague_header_cell_1_0_0
Country/TerritoryThe Hague_header_cell_1_1_0 PopulationThe Hague_header_cell_1_1_1
NetherlandsThe Hague_cell_1_2_0 246,633 (46.31%)The Hague_cell_1_2_1
SurinameThe Hague_cell_1_3_0 46,346 (8.70%)The Hague_cell_1_3_1
TurkeyThe Hague_cell_1_4_0 40,064 (7.52%)The Hague_cell_1_4_1
MoroccoThe Hague_cell_1_5_0 31,455 (5.91%)The Hague_cell_1_5_1
IndonesiaThe Hague_cell_1_6_0 17,635 (3.31%)The Hague_cell_1_6_1
PolandThe Hague_cell_1_7_0 14,094 (2.65%)The Hague_cell_1_7_1
Dutch CaribbeanThe Hague_cell_1_8_0 13,218 (2.48%)The Hague_cell_1_8_1
OtherThe Hague_cell_1_9_0 123,116 (23.12%)The Hague_cell_1_9_1

As of 1 January 2014, The Hague counts 509,779 inhabitants, making it the third largest city of the Netherlands. The Hague_sentence_82

Between 1800 and 1960, the city saw a considerable growth from 40,000 in 1800 to 200,000 in 1900 and eventually 600,000 in 1960. The Hague_sentence_83

The growth following 1900 was partially caused by the housing act of 1901, which stimulated the expansion of cities such as The Hague. The Hague_sentence_84

In the period between 1960 and 1980, The Hague saw a shrinkage from 600,000 to 440,000 inhabitants, caused mostly by the spatial policy, demographic processes and lack of space. The Hague_sentence_85

After several annexations and housing constructions, The Hague has since grown again, celebrating its 500,000th inhabitant in 2011. The Hague_sentence_86

The municipality expects the growth to continue to 513,000 inhabitants in 2020. The Hague_sentence_87

The demonym of The Hague officially is Hagenaar, but the term Hagenees is informally used for someone who was born and raised in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_88

The usage of these demonyms appears to be class-bound, with Hagenaar being the upper-class term and Hagenees being that of the lower-class. The Hague_sentence_89

Ethnic make-up The Hague_section_8

The proportion of Dutch people is 48%, while that of Western immigrants is 15.6%, and that of non-western immigrants is 34.4%. The Hague_sentence_90

Religion The Hague_section_9

Just under half of The Hague's population identifies with a religious group. The Hague_sentence_91

The two most popular religions are Christianity (29%) and Islam (14.1%). The Hague_sentence_92

Indonesian, Turks, Moroccans and Surinamese people are particularly likely to adhere to a religion. The Hague_sentence_93

Islam is the most common religion among Turks and, particularly, among Moroccans. The Hague_sentence_94

Surinamese people are more religiously mixed, although Hinduism is the most common. The Hague_sentence_95

Of The Hague's native Dutch population, almost all religious people belong to Christianity. The Hague_sentence_96

Just under 40% of the population of The Hague regularly attends a house of worship. The Hague_sentence_97

Politics The Hague_section_10

Municipal government The Hague_section_11

See also: List of mayors of The Hague The Hague_sentence_98

As of the 2018 municipal election, The Hague's municipal council contains fifteen parties, most notably the local Group de Mos (9 seats), the VVD (7 seats), D66 (6 seats) and GroenLinks (5 seats). The Hague_sentence_99

The Hague_table_general_2

PartyThe Hague_header_cell_2_0_0 SeatsThe Hague_header_cell_2_0_2
The Hague_cell_2_1_0 Group de Mos – Heart for The HagueThe Hague_cell_2_1_1 8 / 45The Hague_cell_2_1_2
The Hague_cell_2_2_0 VVD – People's Party for Freedom and DemocracyThe Hague_cell_2_2_1 7 / 45The Hague_cell_2_2_2
The Hague_cell_2_3_0 Democrats 66The Hague_cell_2_3_1 6 / 45The Hague_cell_2_3_2
The Hague_cell_2_4_0 GroenLinksThe Hague_cell_2_4_1 5 / 45The Hague_cell_2_4_2
The Hague_cell_2_5_0 Christian Democratic AppealThe Hague_cell_2_5_1 3 / 45The Hague_cell_2_5_2
The Hague_cell_2_6_0 Labour PartyThe Hague_cell_2_6_1 3 / 45The Hague_cell_2_6_2
The Hague_cell_2_7_0 The Hague City PartyThe Hague_cell_2_7_1 3 / 45The Hague_cell_2_7_2
The Hague_cell_2_8_0 Party for the AnimalsThe Hague_cell_2_8_1 2 / 45The Hague_cell_2_8_2
The Hague_cell_2_9_0 Party for FreedomThe Hague_cell_2_9_1 2 / 45The Hague_cell_2_9_2
The Hague_cell_2_10_0 Islam DemocratsThe Hague_cell_2_10_1 1 / 45The Hague_cell_2_10_2
The Hague_cell_2_11_0 Christian Union-Reformed Political PartyThe Hague_cell_2_11_1 1 / 45The Hague_cell_2_11_2
The Hague_cell_2_12_0 Socialist PartyThe Hague_cell_2_12_1 1 / 45The Hague_cell_2_12_2
The Hague_cell_2_13_0 50PLUSThe Hague_cell_2_13_1 1 / 45The Hague_cell_2_13_2
The Hague_cell_2_14_0 NIDAThe Hague_cell_2_14_1 1 / 45The Hague_cell_2_14_2
The Hague_cell_2_15_0 Party of UnityThe Hague_cell_2_15_1 1 / 45The Hague_cell_2_15_2

Since 2018, the municipal executive has comprised Group de Mos, VVD, D66 and GroenLinks. The Hague_sentence_100

The chairman of the college is Mayor Pauline Krikke (VVD), and the city has eight aldermen: Richard de Mos, Rachid Guernaoui (both Group de Mos), Boudewijn Revis, Kavita Parbhudayal (both VVD), Saskia Bruines, Robert van Asten (both D66), Liesbeth van Tongeren and Bert van Alphen (both GroenLinks). The Hague_sentence_101

Each alderman is responsible for a number of particular policy areas and one of the city's eight districts. The Hague_sentence_102

On 1 October 2019, the National Department of Criminal Investigation (Rijksrecherche) performed a raid on the homes and offices of aldermen Richard de Mos and Rachid Guernaoui, as part of an investigation of alleged administrative corruption, bribery and violation of confidentiality. The Hague_sentence_103

Offices of several municipal civil servants and the homes of three entrepreneurs were also searched for the investigation. The Hague_sentence_104

The aldermen are suspected of receiving bribes in exchange for granting permits. The Hague_sentence_105

International politics The Hague_section_12

The Hague is home to many different international judicial bodies, such as the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the International Criminal Court (ICC), and the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT). The Hague_sentence_106

The Hague is the fourth major centre for the United Nations, after New York, Geneva and Vienna. The Hague_sentence_107

The foundation of The Hague as an "international city of peace and justice" started at the end of the 19th century, when the first global Conference of peace took place in The Hague on Tobias Asser's initiative, with a second one a few years later. The Hague_sentence_108

A direct result of these meetings was the establishment of the world's first organisation for the settlement of international disputes: the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA). The Hague_sentence_109

Shortly thereafter, the Scottish-American millionaire Andrew Carnegie made the necessary funds available to build the Peace Palace to house the PCA. The Hague_sentence_110

After the establishment of the League of Nations, The Hague became the seat of the Permanent Court of International Justice, which was replaced (after World War II) by the UN's International Court of Justice. The Hague_sentence_111

The establishments of the Iran–United States Claims Tribunal (1981), the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (1993) and the International Criminal Court (2002) in the city further consolidated its role as a centre for international legal arbitration. The Hague_sentence_112

Most recently, on 1 March 2009, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, a UN tribunal to investigate and prosecute suspects in the 2005 assassination of Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, opened in the former headquarters of the Netherlands General Intelligence Agency in Leidschendam, a town within the greater area of The Hague. The Hague_sentence_113

Other major international and European organisations based in The Hague include: The Hague_sentence_114

The Hague_unordered_list_0

Many academic institutions in the fields of international relations, international law and international development are based in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_115

The Hague Academic Coalition (HAC) is a consortium of those institutions. The Hague_sentence_116

Its member institutions are: The Hague_sentence_117

The Hague_unordered_list_1

In 1948, the Congress of Europe was held with 750 delegates from 26 European countries, providing them with the opportunity to discuss ideas about the development of the European Union. The Hague_sentence_118

Twin towns and sister cities The Hague_section_13

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the Netherlands The Hague_sentence_119

The Hague is twinned with The Hague_sentence_120

The Hague_table_general_3

The Hague_cell_3_0_0 The Hague_cell_3_0_1

Economy The Hague_section_14

The Hague has a service-oriented economy. The Hague_sentence_121

Professional life in the city is dominated by the large number of civil servants and diplomats working in the city; as of 2006, 26% of the jobs in The Hague are those offered by the Dutch government or the international institutions. The Hague_sentence_122

Large employers in this sector include the ministries of Defence, Justice, Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations and Transport, Public Works and Water Management. The Hague_sentence_123

Several large international businesses have their headquarters in The Hague, including Royal Dutch Shell, the world's fifth largest company in terms of revenue. The Hague_sentence_124

Other significant companies headquartered in The Hague include Aegon, APM Terminals, Damco, NIBC Bank, Chicago Bridge & Iron Company and PostNL. The Hague_sentence_125

The city is also host to the regional headquarters of Siemens, T-Mobile, AT&T, Huawei, Kuwait Petroleum Corporation, Saudi Aramco and Total S.A.. The Hague_sentence_126

There has never been any large-scale industrial activity in The Hague, with the possible exception of the fishing activities of the harbour in Scheveningen. The Hague_sentence_127

Many of the city's logistical and minor-industrial services are located in the Binckhorst in the Laak district, which contains many sizeable warehouses. The Hague_sentence_128

Tourism is an important sector in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_129

The city is the second biggest Dutch tourist destination, after Amsterdam. The Hague_sentence_130

In 2012, The Hague welcomed 1.2 million tourists (an increase of 80,000 compared to the previous year), half of whom came from abroad. The Hague_sentence_131

The number of hotel nights in the city increased by 5%; in particular, visitors from neighbouring countries are finding their way to The Hague. The Hague_sentence_132

Compared to 2011 Belgians booked 27% more hotel nights, while the Germans were good for 24% more hotel nights, and the French booked 20% more hotel nights. The Hague_sentence_133

The 14% average increase in visits by foreign tourists more than compensated for the slight decrease of less than 1% by Dutch visitors. The Hague_sentence_134

Tourists spend an average of €2 billion a year in the local economy. The Hague_sentence_135

Today 1 in 10 residents make their living from the tourism sector. The Hague_sentence_136

Culture The Hague_section_15

The Hague originated around the 13th-century Binnenhof, and this is still considered the cultural centre of the city. The Hague_sentence_137

Night life centres around the three main squares in the city centre. The Hague_sentence_138

The Plein (literally "Square") is taken by several large sidewalk cafés where often politicians may be spotted. The Hague_sentence_139

The Grote Markt (literally "Great Market") is completely strewn with chairs and tables, summer or winter. The Hague_sentence_140

The Buitenhof (literally "Outer Court", located just outside the Binnenhof) contains a six screen Pathé cinema and a handful of bars and restaurants in the immediate vicinity. The Hague_sentence_141

Adjacent to the Buitenhof is De Passage, the country's first covered shopping mall. The Hague_sentence_142

Dating from the late 19th century, it contains many expensive and speciality shops. The Hague_sentence_143

One of the country's largest music venues, Paard van Troje, can be found in the centre of The Hague. The Hague_sentence_144

Another popular music venue in The Hague is Muziekcafé de Paap. The Hague_sentence_145

The Spuiplein is a modern fourth square in the city centre, opposite the Nieuwe Kerk. The Hague_sentence_146

Besides the City Hall, this was also the location of the Dr. The Hague_sentence_147 Anton Philipszaal, home to the Residentie Orchestra, and the Lucent Danstheater, home to the internationally celebrated modern dance company Nederlands Dans Theater. The Hague_sentence_148

These buildings, designed by Rem Koolhaas in 1988, have been demolished to make space for a new theatre, the Spuiforum, which would house both institutes as well as the Royal Conservatory. The Hague_sentence_149

Despite efforts of the municipality, public support for the proposed theatre remains low. The Hague_sentence_150

At the heart of the city centre across the palace gardens is the home of Summerschool Den Haag, international school for dance with guest teachers such as Valentina Scaglia, Igone de Jongh, and Maia Makhateli. The Hague_sentence_151

The Koninklijke Schouwburg, home to the Nationaal Toneel, can also be found in the city centre – on the Korte Voorhout. The Hague_sentence_152

New European Ensemble is a collective for contemporary music consisting on international musicians. The Hague_sentence_153

The ensemble has its main base in the city. The Hague_sentence_154

Scheveningen forms a second cultural centre of The Hague, having its own Pathé cinema as well as the musical theatre Circustheater although, especially in the summer, most night life concentrates around the sea-front boulevard with its bars, restaurants and gambling halls. The Hague_sentence_155

Several other attractions can be found in Scheveningen, such as the miniature park Madurodam, the Beelden aan Zee museum, and a Sea Life Centre. The Hague_sentence_156

The Hague is the residence of the Dutch monarch, and several (former) royal palaces can be found in the city. The Hague_sentence_157

King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands and Queen Máxima of the Netherlands live in Huis ten Bosch in the Haagse Bos, and work in the Noordeinde Palace in the city centre. The Hague_sentence_158

Moreover, there are two former royal palaces in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_159

The Kneuterdijk Palace, built in 1716, is now home to the Council of State of the Netherlands, and the Lange Voorhout Palace is now occupied by the Escher Museum, dedicated to Dutch graphical artist M. The Hague_sentence_160 C. Escher. The Hague_sentence_161

The Hague has its share of museums, most notably the Mauritshuis, located next to the Binnenhof, which exhibits many paintings by Dutch masters, such as Johannes Vermeer, Rembrandt van Rijn and Paulus Potter. The Hague_sentence_162

Other museums include the science museum Museon, the modern art museum Gemeentemuseum, the historic museum Haags Historisch Museum, the national postal museum Museum voor Communicatie, the Museum Bredius, the Louis Couperus Museum, the museum Beelden aan Zee in Scheveningen, and the Gevangenpoort, a former prison housed in a 15th-century gatehouse. The Hague_sentence_163

Since early times, possibly as far back as the 16th century, the stork has been the symbol of The Hague. The Hague_sentence_164

Several films have been (partially) shot in The Hague, including Mindhunters (2004), Hum Tum (2004), Ocean's Twelve (2004), Black Book (2006) and Sonny Boy (2011). The Hague_sentence_165

Parts of the second season of the Netflix series Sense8 were filmed in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_166

Notable actors and filmmakers from The Hague include Martin Koolhoven, Georgina Verbaan, Carel Struycken, Frederique van der Wal, Marwan Kenzari, Anna Drijver, Renée Soutendijk and Paul Verhoeven, who grew up in the city from an early age. The Hague_sentence_167

An alternative music video for the Coldplay single "Viva la Vida" was also shot in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_168

The Hague_unordered_list_2

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Sports The Hague_section_16

The city's major football club is ADO Den Haag, who compete in the Eredivisie, the top division in the Netherlands. The Hague_sentence_169

ADO Den Haag have won the KNVB Cup twice and won the League twice in the era before professional football. The Hague_sentence_170

They play their matches at the 15,000 seat Cars Jeans Stadion. The Hague_sentence_171

Amateur team HVV are also based in the city. The Hague_sentence_172

Prior to the professional era the club won 10 national titles and one KNVB Cup, and they remain fourth in the all-time list of national title winners. The Hague_sentence_173

HBS Craeyenhout are another amateur club in the city, who won three national titles before the establishment of the Eredivisie The Hague_sentence_174

Since 2020, basketball club The Hague Royals plays in the professional Dutch Basketball League (DBL). The Hague_sentence_175

Home games are played at the Sportcampus Zuiderpark. The Hague_sentence_176

The local rugby union team is Haagsche Rugby Club (a.k.a. HRC) and has been in the Guinness Book of Records for becoming Dutch (in adult and youth) champions so often. The Hague_sentence_177

The ice hockey team is HYS The Hague. The Hague_sentence_178

The handball team is SV Wings, active in the top division. The Hague_sentence_179

The local American Football team is Den Haag Raiders'99. The Hague_sentence_180

Darts is another sport played in The Hague; its popularity was increased by Raymond van Barneveld winning several World Championships. The Hague_sentence_181

The half marathon race CPC Loop Den Haag is held annually in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_182

In 1994, The Hague held the FEI World Equestrian Games. The Hague_sentence_183

Annual events The Hague_section_17

Koningsdag, or King's Day, is held annually on 27 April. The Hague_sentence_184

It is traditionally celebrated with fairs and flea markets throughout the city. The Hague_sentence_185

On this day, the colour orange predominates at a funfair (which sells orange cotton candy) and scores of informal street markets. The Hague_sentence_186

The day is a vrijmarkt (literally "free market"), which means no licence is needed for street vending; children traditionally use this day to sell old unwanted toys. The Hague_sentence_187

Since King's Day is a national holiday and thus a day off, many people also go out and party on the evening before King's Day. The Hague_sentence_188

This evening is called King's Night, or Koningnach in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_189

The "t" is left out because nacht is pronounced as nach in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_190

Outdoor concerts throughout the city centre of The Hague draw tens of thousands of visitors every year. The Hague_sentence_191

Every third Tuesday in September is Prinsjesdag, or Prince's Day, the opening of Dutch parliament. The Hague_sentence_192

A festive day, children in The Hague are free from school so they may watch the procession of the Golden Coach. The Hague_sentence_193

The King is driven in the coach from Noordeinde Palace to the Ridderzaal in the Binnenhof. The Hague_sentence_194

Here, the King reads the Speech from the Throne, written jointly by the Ministers and Secretaries of State. The Hague_sentence_195

This troonrede outlines the government's plans for the coming year. The Hague_sentence_196

As the procession returns to the Noordeinde Palace, the road is lined with members of the Dutch Royal Armed Forces, and in the afternoon, the Royal Family appears on the palace balcony to address an adoring and often frenzied public (balkonscène). The Hague_sentence_197

Vlaggetjesdag (), literally Flag Day, is the annual celebration of the arrival of the year's first herring (Hollandse Nieuwe) in Scheveningen. The Hague_sentence_198

Hundreds of thousands of people gather in Scheveningen for the festivities, and the fishing boats are decorated specially for the occasion. The Hague_sentence_199

In addition to the omnipresent herring, this day also features a number of activities unrelated to fish. The Hague_sentence_200

In Scheveningen, the first barrel of herring is traditionally sold at an auction on the Thursday preceding the official Vlaggetjesdag, and the proceeds go to charity. The Hague_sentence_201

Vlaggetjesdag was made official in 1947, although the festive tradition around the beginning of herring season is much older: in the 18th century, the villages along the coast, including Scheveningen, were forbidden to gut the caught herring. The Hague_sentence_202

Since herring was most appropriate for smoking around September, most fishing boats caught flatfish or round-bodied fish during part of the summer, so as to avoid a surplus of fresh herring. The Hague_sentence_203

In July or August, The Hague hosts a series of weekly firework displays by the sea front in Scheveningen, as part of an international fireworks festival and competition. The Hague_sentence_204

Tong Tong Fair, formerly Pasar Malam Besar, is the largest festival in the world for Indo culture. The Hague_sentence_205

Established in 1959, it is one of the oldest festivals and the fourth largest grand fair in the Netherlands. The Hague_sentence_206

It is also the annual event with the highest number of paying visitors of The Hague, having consistently attracted more than 100,000 visitors since 1993. The Hague_sentence_207

The Milan Festival is Europe's biggest Hindustani open-air event, annually held in Zuiderpark. The Hague_sentence_208

The Hague also hosts several annual music festivals; on the last Sunday in June, the city hosts Parkpop, the largest free open air pop concert in Europe. The Hague_sentence_209

Crossing Border Festival, State-X and The Hague Jazz festival are among other music festivals in The Hague. The Hague_sentence_210

Crossing Border Festival is an annual festival in November, focusing on music and literature. The Hague_sentence_211

The first edition took place in 1993. The Hague_sentence_212

Movies That Matter is an international film and debate festival about peace and justice that takes place every year at the end of March; nine days filled with screenings of fiction films and documentaries, daily talk-shows, music performances and exhibitions. The Hague_sentence_213

The first such event took place in 2006. The Hague_sentence_214

Moreover, The Hague International Model United Nations, annually held in January, is a five-day conference held at the World Forum, gathering over 4,000 students from over 200 secondary schools across the globe. The Hague_sentence_215

It is the oldest and largest high school United Nations simulation in the world. The Hague_sentence_216

Den Haag Sculptuur is an open-air exhibition of sculptures; the 10th such event, in 2007, celebrated the 400 years of the relationship between the Netherlands and Australia. The Hague_sentence_217

Since 2009, the city of The Hague also annually presents an LGBT-emancipation award called the John Blankenstein Award. The Hague_sentence_218

The exact date of the ceremony varies each year. The Hague_sentence_219

Notable people The Hague_section_18

Main article: List of people from The Hague The Hague_sentence_220

Transport The Hague_section_19

Air The Hague_section_20

The Hague shares an airport with Rotterdam. The Hague_sentence_221

It can be reached from Central Station by RandstadRail Line E, with an Airport Shuttle to and from Meijersplein Station. The Hague_sentence_222

However, with several direct trains per hour from the railway stations Hollands Spoor and Centraal, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is more frequently used by people travelling to and from The Hague by air. The Hague_sentence_223

Rail The Hague_section_21

There are two main railway stations in The Hague: Hollands Spoor (HS) and Centraal Station (CS), only 1.5 km (1 mi) away from each other. The Hague_sentence_224

Because these two stations were built and exploited by two different railway companies in the 19th century, east–west lines terminate at Centraal Station, whereas north–south lines run through Hollands Spoor. The Hague_sentence_225

Centraal Station does, however, now offer good connections with the rest of the country, with direct services to most major cities, for instance Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Utrecht. The Hague_sentence_226

Other destinations include Leiden, Haarlem, Zwolle, Groningen, Leeuwarden, Amersfoort, Enschede, Breda, Tilburg and Eindhoven. The Hague_sentence_227

There is an international service to Antwerp and Brussels. The Hague_sentence_228

Urban transport The Hague_section_22

Public transport in The Hague consists of a tramway network and a sizeable number of bus routes, operated by HTM Personenvervoer. The Hague_sentence_229

Plans for a subway were shelved in the early 1970s. The Hague_sentence_230

However, in 2004 a tunnel was built under the city centre with two underground tram stations (Spui and Grote Markt); it is shared by RandstadRail lines 3 and 4 and tram routes 2 and 6. The Hague_sentence_231

RandstadRail connects The Hague to nearby cities, Zoetermeer, Rotterdam and Leidschendam-Voorburg. The Hague_sentence_232

It consists of four light rail lines (3, 4 and 19 to Zoetermeer, Rijswijk, Delft and Leidschendam-Voorburg) and one subway line (E to Rotterdam). The Hague_sentence_233

Road The Hague_section_23

Major motorways connecting to The Hague include the A12, running to Utrecht and the German border. The Hague_sentence_234

The A12 runs directly into the heart of the city in a cutting. The Hague_sentence_235

Built in the 1970s, this section of motorway (the "Utrechtsebaan") is now heavily overburdened. The Hague_sentence_236

Plans were made in the late 1990s for a second artery road into the city (the "Rotterdamsebaan", previously called the "Trekvliettracé") which is due to be built between 2016 and 2019. The Hague_sentence_237

Other connecting motorways are the A4, which connects the city with Amsterdam, and the A13, which runs to Rotterdam and connects to motorways towards the Belgian border. The Hague_sentence_238

There is also the A44 that connects the city to Leiden, Haarlem and Amsterdam. The Hague_sentence_239

In the 1970s, plans of building another motorway to Leiden existed. The Hague_sentence_240

This "Leidsebaan" was supposed to start in the city centre and then follow the railway line from The Hague to Amsterdam. The Hague_sentence_241

Some works had been executed, but had been removed by the 1980s. The Hague_sentence_242

See also The Hague_section_24

The Hague_unordered_list_3

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Hague.