Super Friends

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Super Friends_table_infobox_0

Super FriendsSuper Friends_header_cell_0_0_0
GenreSuper Friends_header_cell_0_1_0 Superhero fictionSuper Friends_cell_0_1_1
Voices ofSuper Friends_header_cell_0_2_0 Danny Dark

Olan Soule Casey Kasem Shannon Farnon Norman Alden Sherry Alberoni Frank Welker Ted Knight Ted CassidySuper Friends_cell_0_2_1

Theme music composerSuper Friends_header_cell_0_3_0 Hoyt S. Curtin

Will SchaeferSuper Friends_cell_0_3_1

Country of originSuper Friends_header_cell_0_4_0 United StatesSuper Friends_cell_0_4_1
Original languageSuper Friends_header_cell_0_5_0 EnglishSuper Friends_cell_0_5_1
No. of seasonsSuper Friends_header_cell_0_6_0 9Super Friends_cell_0_6_1
No. of episodesSuper Friends_header_cell_0_7_0 93 (list of episodes)Super Friends_cell_0_7_1
ProductionSuper Friends_header_cell_0_8_0
Executive producersSuper Friends_header_cell_0_9_0 Joseph Barbera

William HannaSuper Friends_cell_0_9_1

ProducersSuper Friends_header_cell_0_10_0 Lewis Marshall

Iwao TakamotoSuper Friends_cell_0_10_1

Running timeSuper Friends_header_cell_0_11_0 60 minutes approx.Super Friends_cell_0_11_1
Production companiesSuper Friends_header_cell_0_12_0 Hanna-Barbera Productions

DC ComicsSuper Friends_cell_0_12_1

DistributorSuper Friends_header_cell_0_13_0 Taft Broadcasting (1973–79)

Worldvision Enterprises (1979–85) LBS Communications (1983–88, syndication) Warner Bros. Television Distribution (1983–present, syndication)Super Friends_cell_0_13_1

ReleaseSuper Friends_header_cell_0_14_0
Original networkSuper Friends_header_cell_0_15_0 ABCSuper Friends_cell_0_15_1
Original releaseSuper Friends_header_cell_0_16_0 September 8, 1973 (1973-09-08) –

November 16, 1985 (1985-11-16)Super Friends_cell_0_16_1

ChronologySuper Friends_header_cell_0_17_0
Related showsSuper Friends_header_cell_0_18_0 Justice League

Justice League UnlimitedSuper Friends_cell_0_18_1

External linksSuper Friends_header_cell_0_19_0

Super Friends is an American animated television series about a team of superheroes, which ran from 1973 to 1985 on ABC as part of its Saturday-morning cartoon lineup. Super Friends_sentence_0

It was produced by Hanna-Barbera and was based on the Justice League of America and associated comic book characters published by DC Comics. Super Friends_sentence_1

The name of the program (and the Justice League members featured with the Super Friends) has been variously represented (as Super Friends and Challenge of the Superfriends, for example) at different points in its broadcast history. Super Friends_sentence_2

There were a total of 93 episodes and two backdoor-pilot episodes of The New Scooby-Doo Movies, with Batman and Robin appearing in "The Dynamic Scooby-Doo Affair" and "The Caped Crusader Caper". Super Friends_sentence_3

Series titles Super Friends_section_0

Over the years, the show existed under several titles: Super Friends_sentence_4

Super Friends_unordered_list_0

Writing Super Friends_section_1

Plot lines for the later series involved many of the familiar DC Comics super-villains that the first incarnation of the Super Friends did not. Super Friends_sentence_5

Instead, like the comic books, they focused on the far-fetched schemes of mad scientists and aliens, who were invariably revealed as being well-intentioned, and simply pursuing their goals through unlawful or disreputable means. Super Friends_sentence_6

Typically, at the end of each story, a peaceful and reasonable discussion would be performed by the heroes to convince the antagonists to adopt more reasonable methods. Super Friends_sentence_7

The All-New Super Friends Hour departed somewhat from the previous series' formula by featuring villains using more elaborate methods to further their goals; as a rule they could not be reasoned with, requiring the heroes to use direct force to stop them. Super Friends_sentence_8

Beginning with Challenge of the Superfriends, several of the heroes' arch-villains from the comic books (such as Lex Luthor and The Riddler) began to feature prominently in comic-style stories. Super Friends_sentence_9

Throughout the series, plots often wrapped themselves up neatly in the final minutes of an episode in the fashion of the typical comic books and deus ex machina. Super Friends_sentence_10

Production history Super Friends_section_2

When animation company Hanna-Barbera acquired rights to the DC Comics characters and adapted the Justice League of America comic book for television it made several changes in the transition, including the change of name to Super Friends. Super Friends_sentence_11

Nevertheless, team members sometimes referred to themselves as the Justice League on the show. Super Friends_sentence_12

The violence common in superhero comics was toned down for a younger audience and to adhere to broadcast standards governing violence in 1970s children's television. Super Friends_sentence_13

As a DC Comics-based show, the Super Friends franchise was owned by DC's parent company Warner Bros., who later put the series into syndication. Super Friends_sentence_14

Cartoon Network, which had the rights to air most of the rest of the Hanna-Barbera library from its inception in 1992, was not able to air Super Friends until after the merger of Warner Bros.' parent company, Time Warner and Cartoon Network's parent company, Turner Broadcasting System was completed in 1996. Super Friends_sentence_15

This merger also led to Warner Bros. taking control of Hanna-Barbera and all of its other assets as well. Super Friends_sentence_16

The series was owned by Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, DC Comics Entertainment, Warner Bros. Family Entertainment, and Warner Bros. Super Friends_sentence_17 Animation. Super Friends_sentence_18

1973–1974 series Super Friends_section_3

Main article: Super Friends (1973 TV series) Super Friends_sentence_19

Super Friends first aired on ABC on September 8, 1973, featuring well-known DC characters Superman, Batman and Robin, Wonder Woman, and Aquaman. Super Friends_sentence_20

Superman, Batman and Robin, and Aquaman had each previously appeared in their own animated series produced by Filmation, and voice talent from these prior programs was brought in to work on the new show (with the exception of Marvin Miller who was replaced by Norman Alden as the voice of Aquaman). Super Friends_sentence_21

Shortly before the Super Friends series was developed, Superman and Wonder Woman also guest-starred in two episodes of The Brady Kids (voiced by Bud Collyer and Jane Webb under Filmation), while Batman and Robin appeared in two episodes of The New Scooby-Doo Movies. Super Friends_sentence_22

In addition to the superheroes, a trio of sidekicks was introduced, each of whom were new characters not drawn from the comic books: Wendy and Marvin (voiced by Sherri Alberoni and Frank Welker) and Wonder Dog (also voiced by Frank Welker), none of whom had any special abilities (save the dog's unexplained ability to reason and talk). Super Friends_sentence_23

The trio—or at least its human members—were depicted as detectives and/or superheroes-in-training; the "teen detectives and their talking animal" cliché, originally popularized by Scooby-Doo , and was typical in Hanna-Barbera cartoons of the mid/late 1970s. Super Friends_sentence_24

Each episode began with the heroes responding to an emergency detected by the massive TroubAlert computer in the Hall of Justice, which served as the headquarters of the team. Super Friends_sentence_25

Colonel Wilcox, a U.S. Super Friends_sentence_26 Army official, was a recurring character who would act as a government liaison with the Super Friends during emergencies. Super Friends_sentence_27

Colonel Wilcox was voiced by John Stephenson. Super Friends_sentence_28

Conflicts were usually resolved with the antagonists persuaded to adapt more reasonable methods to achieve their aims (with the assistance of the heroes). Super Friends_sentence_29

Natural disasters triggered by human (or alien) activity were often shown, and environmental themes featured strongly in the program. Super Friends_sentence_30

Three other DC Comics superheroes were featured as guest stars during this season: the Flash, Plastic Man, and Green Arrow. Super Friends_sentence_31

This first run of Super Friends, consisting of 16 one-hour episodes which were rerun several times, concluded on August 24, 1974. Super Friends_sentence_32

At this point, the series was cancelled. Super Friends_sentence_33

However, interest in superheroes among ABC's prime-time viewers (with the success of The Six Million Dollar Man and the live-action Wonder Woman series) caused the network to revive Super Friends. Super Friends_sentence_34

The original 16 episodes of the series were rebroadcast as a mid-season replacement, running from February 7, 1976, to September 3, 1977. Super Friends_sentence_35

These episodes were edited into half-hour versions. Super Friends_sentence_36

At the same time, DC Comics published a Super Friends comic, which used Wendy and Marvin from issue #1 (November 1976) to #6 (August 1977). Super Friends_sentence_37

In the meantime, Hanna-Barbera began production on a revamped version of the show. Super Friends_sentence_38

1977–1978 season: The All-New Super Friends Hour Super Friends_section_4

Main article: The All-New Super Friends Hour Super Friends_sentence_39

The All-New Super Friends Hour featured four animated shorts per program. Super Friends_sentence_40

Wendy, Marvin, and Wonder Dog were dropped from this and all future TV iterations of Super Friends, and were replaced by Wonder Twins Zan and Jayna, and their pet monkey, Gleek. Super Friends_sentence_41

Unlike Wendy and Marvin, Zan and Jayna had actual super powers. Super Friends_sentence_42

A total of 15 episodes were produced. Super Friends_sentence_43

Darrell McNeil of the Hanna-Barbera animation studios later explained the change in cast: Super Friends_sentence_44

The show followed a basic format each week. Super Friends_sentence_45

The first segment of every show featured two of the heroes (for the purposes of the team-ups in the first and fourth segments, Batman and Robin were considered "one hero") teaming up in a separate mini-story. Super Friends_sentence_46

The second segment featured a story with the Wonder Twins. Super Friends_sentence_47

The third segment was considered the "primary" adventure of the week, featuring the entire Super Friends roster (including the Wonder Twins) in a longer adventure. Super Friends_sentence_48

The fourth and final segment featured a story with one of the primary lineup and a "special guest star". Super Friends_sentence_49

This segment typically featured a problem that was solved using the guest star's unique abilities. Super Friends_sentence_50

Between segments there were short spots with members of the Super Friends giving basic safety lessons, providing first-aid advice, demonstrating magic tricks, creating crafts, and presenting a two-part riddle featuring the week's primary plot line. Super Friends_sentence_51

This was the first season to feature two villains appearing in the comic books, Black Manta and Gentleman Ghost. Super Friends_sentence_52

Each appeared in only one episode this season and each was somewhat modified for television. Super Friends_sentence_53

Black Manta's costume was not black and he was only referred to as "Manta". Super Friends_sentence_54

The Gentleman Ghost was referred to as "Gentleman Jim Craddock" which is his human name in the comics. Super Friends_sentence_55

1978–1979 season Super Friends / Challenge of the Superfriends Super Friends_section_5

Main article: Challenge of the Superfriends Super Friends_sentence_56

The next season of Super Friends featured two segments: Super Friends_sentence_57

First segment: Super Friends episodes Super Friends_section_6

The first segment of the program featured the established group of heroes: Superman, Batman and Robin, Aquaman, Wonder Woman, and the Wonder Twins and Gleek. Super Friends_sentence_58

They were rerun with intro from the All-New Super Friends Hour when in syndication in the early 1980s, but they are seldom seen in syndication since then. Super Friends_sentence_59

Second segment: Challenge of the Superfriends Super Friends_section_7

The second half-hour of the show introduced the Legion of Doom, a team of 13 recurring foes who are the Super Friends' worst enemies. Super Friends_sentence_60

They used a swamp-based mechanical flying headquarters, the Hall of Doom (resembling the helmet of Darth Vader), as a contrast to the Super Friends' gleaming Hall of Justice. Super Friends_sentence_61

A total of 16 episodes were produced. Super Friends_sentence_62

Additional heroes who had previously appeared as guest stars were added to the roster as well, to make a total of 11. Super Friends_sentence_63

These included The Flash, Green Lantern, and Hawkman from DC Comics and three Hanna-Barbera creations: Black Vulcan, Apache Chief, and Samurai. Super Friends_sentence_64

Despite the Riddler showing a set of playing cards with (from left to right) Gleek, Zan, Aquaman, Wonder Woman, Robin, Batman, and Superman (which he then burns to ashes in his introduction in "Wanted: The Super Friends"), the Wonder Twins and Gleek did not appear in Challenge. Super Friends_sentence_65

Enthusiasts have expressed the view that the storylines for the Challenge episodes were the Super Friends era's best portrayal of the DC heroes. Super Friends_sentence_66

The Challenge of the Superfriends segment was expanded to 90 minutes mid-season, with reruns of earlier episodes filling out the last half-hour. Super Friends_sentence_67

1979–1980 season: The World's Greatest SuperFriends Super Friends_section_8

Main article: The World's Greatest SuperFriends Super Friends_sentence_68

In the fall of 1979, the Super Friends returned to their prior format, bringing back the original set of five DC superheroes and Zan, Jayna, and Gleek. Super Friends_sentence_69

Eight half-hour episodes were created for this run, with the majority of the season consisting of repeats of The All-New Super Friends Hour from 1977 to 1978 and The Super Friends segments from Challenge of the Superfriends from 1978 to 1979. Super Friends_sentence_70

Renamed The World's Greatest SuperFriends, this series began on September 22, 1979, and ran until September 27, 1980. Super Friends_sentence_71

1980–1982 seasons: SuperFriends Super Friends_section_9

Main article: Super Friends (1980 TV series) Super Friends_sentence_72

Renamed SuperFriends in 1980, the series changed formats again, abandoning the production of half-hour episodes and producing seven-minute shorts. Super Friends_sentence_73

Each episode of SuperFriends would feature a rerun from one of the previous six years and three new shorts. Super Friends_sentence_74

These new adventures featured appearances by the core group of five Super Friends and Zan, Jayna, & Gleek. Super Friends_sentence_75

There were also guest appearances from members previously depicted in Challenge of the Superfriends and the Hanna-Barbera-created hero El Dorado, who was added to the show in 1981 to provide cultural diversity. Super Friends_sentence_76

This would prove to be one of the longer-lived incarnations of the series (three years). Super Friends_sentence_77

A total of 22 episodes were produced. Super Friends_sentence_78

1982–1983 season: The Best of the Super Friends (reruns) Super Friends_section_10

For the 1982–1983 television season ABC ran half-hour reruns of shows from the previous seven seasons, with none of the seven-minute shorts rebroadcast. Super Friends_sentence_79

ABC called the rerun package The Best of the Super Friends. Super Friends_sentence_80

1983–1984 season: Cancellation and the "lost episodes" Super Friends_section_11

Hanna-Barbera and Warner Bros. had created a syndication package of the earlier Super Friends series (co-distributed by LBS Communications); these were picked up by stations across the United States and typically broadcast on weekday afternoons. Super Friends_sentence_81

Not wishing to compete with the syndication programming, ABC dropped the series from the 1983–1984 Saturday morning television line-up. Super Friends_sentence_82

For the second time, Super Friends was cancelled. Super Friends_sentence_83

However, during this time Hanna-Barbera continued to produce new episodes with the Super Friends, with ABC's approval and funding. Super Friends_sentence_84

In total, 24 "lost episodes" were produced, but not aired in the United States that season; the series appeared in Australia. Super Friends_sentence_85

Three of these episodes were aired when Super Friends returned to Saturday-morning ABC television the following year. Super Friends_sentence_86

The remainder aired on the USA network in 1995, as part of the Superman/Batman Adventures show. Super Friends_sentence_87

The 1983 Lost Episodes of Super Friends were released on DVD by Warner Home Entertainment (via DC Comics Entertainment, Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, and Warner Bros. Family Entertainment) in April 2009. Super Friends_sentence_88

1984–1985 season: SuperFriends: The Legendary Super Powers Show Super Friends_section_12

Main articles: SuperFriends: The Legendary Super Powers Show and Super Powers Collection Super Friends_sentence_89

Super Friends returned to ABC Saturday, September 8, 1984, with a new 30-minute program typically featuring two 11-minute stories per episode. Super Friends_sentence_90

This incarnation featured Superman, Batman, Robin, Wonder Woman, and the Wonder Twins and Gleek, this time teamed up with Firestorm. Super Friends_sentence_91

In addition to this core group, episodes during this season also featured cameos by old (and new) Super Friends. Super Friends_sentence_92

The series ended August 31, 1985, and featured comic-book villains such as Brainiac, Lex Luthor, Mirror Master, Mr. Super Friends_sentence_93 Mxyzptlk, Darkseid, and his henchmen from Apokolips. Super Friends_sentence_94

This season and the next featured the "Super Powers" tagline, which was part of a marketing tie-in with a toy line of the same name produced by Kenner. Super Friends_sentence_95

1985–1986 season: The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians Super Friends_section_13

Main article: The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians Super Friends_sentence_96

In fall 1985, the next version of Hanna-Barbera's depiction of the DC Comics heroes began, although it no longer carried the Super Friends name. Super Friends_sentence_97

This series returned to a conventional lineup for the team, with a focus on teen members Cyborg and Firestorm. Super Friends_sentence_98

Once again headquartered at the Hall of Justice in Metropolis, the heroes battled such familiar foes as Lex Luthor, Brainiac, the Scarecrow, and recurring villain Darkseid. Super Friends_sentence_99

It also contained the only appearances by The Joker, The Penguin, the Royal Flush Gang, and Felix Faust. Super Friends_sentence_100

Most notably, it is in this series that Batman's origin is depicted for the first time outside of comics and the first cartoon series. Super Friends_sentence_101

Batman and Robin chase The Scarecrow into Crime Alley, where Thomas and Martha Wayne were murdered, which triggers a fear-induced flashback. Super Friends_sentence_102

Given the topics of murder and parents' deaths in a children's cartoon, it is handled very tastefully. Super Friends_sentence_103

Additionally, in the same episode, Professor Jonathan Crane appears as the Scarecrow's secret identity, which was unknown to the authorities, allowing Scarecrow to use it to secretly sabotage the Super Friends' investigations until Batman managed to deduce his identity, leading to his arrest. Super Friends_sentence_104

The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians lasted one season before being canceled. Super Friends_sentence_105

The final new episode aired was "Escape From Space City" on October 26, 1985. Super Friends_sentence_106

This third cancellation would be the final one, and Galactic Guardians marked the end of Hanna-Barbera's 13-year run of the series on October 26, 1985. Super Friends_sentence_107

Characters Super Friends_section_14

Main articles: List of Super Friends members and List of Super Friends villains Super Friends_sentence_108

The Justice League of America Super Friends_section_15

The core group of five heroes made up the "Super Friends": Super Friends_sentence_109

Additional Justice League members included: Super Friends_sentence_110

Super Friends_unordered_list_1

  • The Atom (1977; 1980–1983)Super Friends_item_1_7
  • Firestorm (1984–1985)Super Friends_item_1_8
  • The Flash (1973; 1977–1985)Super Friends_item_1_9
  • Green Lantern (1977–1985)Super Friends_item_1_10
  • Hawkgirl (1977; 1980; 1983)Super Friends_item_1_11
  • Hawkman (1977–1978; 1980–1985)Super Friends_item_1_12
  • Cyborg (1985)Super Friends_item_1_13
  • Rima the Jungle Girl (1977; 1980) (not featured in DC superhero comics)Super Friends_item_1_14

Justice League members created for the series: Super Friends_sentence_111

Super Friends_unordered_list_2

  • Apache Chief (1977–1978; 1980–1984)Super Friends_item_2_15
  • Black Vulcan (1977–1978; 1980–1984)Super Friends_item_2_16
  • El Dorado (1982–1985)Super Friends_item_2_17
  • Samurai (1977–1978; 1980–1985)Super Friends_item_2_18

One-shot Justice League appearances were made by: Super Friends_sentence_112

Super Friends_unordered_list_3

The teen sidekicks and their pets: Super Friends_sentence_113

Super Friends_unordered_list_4

  • Pets:Super Friends_item_4_23
    • Gleek (1977–1984)Super Friends_item_4_24
    • Wonder Dog (1973–1975)Super Friends_item_4_25
  • Wendy and Marvin:Super Friends_item_4_26
  • Wonder Twins:Super Friends_item_4_29
    • Jayna (1977–1984)Super Friends_item_4_30
    • Zan (1977–1984)Super Friends_item_4_31

Other DC comic characters that appeared in the series: Super Friends_sentence_114

Super Friends_unordered_list_5

Legion of Doom Super Friends_section_16

Thirteen villains composed the Legion of Doom during the Challenge of the Superfriends season. Super Friends_sentence_115

They were: Super Friends_sentence_116

Other DC Comics villains Super Friends_section_17

Villains appearing independently from the Legion of Doom: Super Friends_sentence_117

Villains appearing not adapted from the comic books: Super Friends_sentence_118

Super Friends_unordered_list_6

  • The Alien MummySuper Friends_item_6_39
  • The Anti-Matter MonsterSuper Friends_item_6_40
  • BarkoSuper Friends_item_6_41
  • Bigfoot creaturesSuper Friends_item_6_42
  • BlackbeardSuper Friends_item_6_43
  • Bulgor the BehemothSuper Friends_item_6_44
  • The Brain CreaturesSuper Friends_item_6_45
  • The Capricorn KidSuper Friends_item_6_46
  • Captain SharkSuper Friends_item_6_47
  • The CollectorSuper Friends_item_6_48
  • The Incredible Crude Oil MonsterSuper Friends_item_6_49
  • DarkonSuper Friends_item_6_50
  • Dictor and the mysterious Time CreaturesSuper Friends_item_6_51
  • The DollmakerSuper Friends_item_6_52
  • DraculaSuper Friends_item_6_53
  • Dr. CraniumSuper Friends_item_6_54
  • Dr. DroidSuper Friends_item_6_55
  • Dr. FrankensteinSuper Friends_item_6_56
  • Dr. FrightSuper Friends_item_6_57
  • Dr. GulliverSuper Friends_item_6_58
  • The EarthorsSuper Friends_item_6_59
  • The EnforcerSuper Friends_item_6_60
  • Giant Snow CreatureSuper Friends_item_6_61
  • The Highway AngelsSuper Friends_item_6_62
  • The HydronoidsSuper Friends_item_6_63
  • The Ice DemonSuper Friends_item_6_64
  • Insecta and the ArthropodsSuper Friends_item_6_65
  • The Iron CyclopsSuper Friends_item_6_66
  • John PaletteSuper Friends_item_6_67
  • The Junk Creature from the DumpSuper Friends_item_6_68
  • Kareem AzaarSuper Friends_item_6_69
  • Keelhaul KellySuper Friends_item_6_70
  • King ArthurSuper Friends_item_6_71
  • The Lion MenSuper Friends_item_6_72
  • The Make Up MonsterSuper Friends_item_6_73
  • Mal HavokSuper Friends_item_6_74
  • The Man Beasts Of XraSuper Friends_item_6_75
  • The Marsh MonsterSuper Friends_item_6_76
  • Medula and her Mind MaidensSuper Friends_item_6_77
  • MongorSuper Friends_item_6_78
  • The Mummy Of NazcaSuper Friends_item_6_79
  • The Mysterious Mutants of the Space SphereSuper Friends_item_6_80
  • NartanSuper Friends_item_6_81
  • Ocina and the Ancient Atlantean WarriorsSuper Friends_item_6_82
  • Old Man HolmesSuper Friends_item_6_83
  • Orville Gump (Otis in Superman)Super Friends_item_6_84
  • The Outlaws of Orion (Pack and Stardust)Super Friends_item_6_85
  • The Phantom Zone Villains (Hul, Logar, Rom-Lok)Super Friends_item_6_86
  • The Plant CreaturesSuper Friends_item_6_87
  • Professor Amy ZhanSuper Friends_item_6_88
  • Professor FearoSuper Friends_item_6_89
  • Professor KorloffSuper Friends_item_6_90
  • The Power PirateSuper Friends_item_6_91
  • The Robber Baron and SleevesSuper Friends_item_6_92
  • The Rock and Roll Space BanditsSuper Friends_item_6_93
  • Rock BatmanSuper Friends_item_6_94
  • RokanSuper Friends_item_6_95
  • R.O.M.A.C.Super Friends_item_6_96
  • The Secret FourSuper Friends_item_6_97
  • ScorpioSuper Friends_item_6_98
  • SculpinSuper Friends_item_6_99
  • Sinbad and the Space PiratesSuper Friends_item_6_100
  • Solderath and the Lava MenSuper Friends_item_6_101
  • The Space DollsSuper Friends_item_6_102
  • The Evil Space GenieSuper Friends_item_6_103
  • The Space RacersSuper Friends_item_6_104
  • The Star Energy CreatureSuper Friends_item_6_105
  • The Super EnemiesSuper Friends_item_6_106
  • The Termites from VenusSuper Friends_item_6_107
  • TorhanaSuper Friends_item_6_108
  • TyrannicSuper Friends_item_6_109
  • Vampiress, the Voodoo VampireSuper Friends_item_6_110
  • Yuna the TerribleSuper Friends_item_6_111
  • ZarnumSuper Friends_item_6_112
  • The ZoonsSuper Friends_item_6_113
  • Zycree (see General Zod)Super Friends_item_6_114

Other DC Comics characters in Super Friends comics and merchandising related to the series Super Friends_section_18

Super Friends_unordered_list_7

References to the Justice League of America name Super Friends_section_19

Beginning with the original Super Friends season, the opening narration describes the team's headquarters as "the great hall of the Justice League". Super Friends_sentence_119

The opening credits of Challenge of the Superfriends names the Super Friends as the Justice League of America. Super Friends_sentence_120

In addition to the appearance of a JLA emblem on a communicator and a reference to a mission to repair the Justice League satellite, the Super Friends are often linked with the JLA. Super Friends_sentence_121

The Justice League satellite under repair is clearly the same design as the Justice League Satellite that appeared in the comics at the time, but was shown to be substantially smaller than its comic book counterpart. Super Friends_sentence_122

Notable voice actors Super Friends_section_20

The voice of the Narrator was provided by actor Ted Knight during the early hour-long episodes. Super Friends_sentence_123

Bill Woodson took over with the revival of the series in 1977. Super Friends_sentence_124

His signature line was "Meanwhile, back at the Hall of Justice...". Super Friends_sentence_125

The voices of Marvin and Wonder Dog as well as Mr. Mxyzptlk, Toyman, The Dollmaker, Darkseid, Kalibak, and The Joker were performed by Frank Welker. Super Friends_sentence_126

Adam West provided the voice of Batman in SuperFriends: The Legendary Super Powers Show and The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. Super Friends_sentence_127

Casey Kasem provided the voice of Robin (and many others in the show). Super Friends_sentence_128

René Auberjonois lends his voice as DeSaad. Super Friends_sentence_129

Reception Super Friends_section_21

In January 2009, IGN listed Super Friends as the 50th best animated television series. Super Friends_sentence_130

DVD releases Super Friends_section_22

Spin-offs Super Friends_section_23

Legends of the Superheroes Super Friends_section_24

Main article: Legends of the Superheroes Super Friends_sentence_131

On January 18 and 25, 1979, Hanna-Barbera ran two one-hour live-action specials under the umbrella title Legends of the Superheroes. Super Friends_sentence_132

The first special, subtitled "The Challenge", was loosely based on the Super Friends and the 1960s Batman series (played for laughs, but this time, including a laugh track) and included several other DC characters who replaced Samurai, Black Vulcan, and Apache Chief: Black Canary, the E-2 Huntress Helena Wayne (a new DC character, gathering her own following in All-Star and Adventure Comics JSA runs as a JSA member), and Captain Marvel (who had previously had his own live action series through Filmation studios). Super Friends_sentence_133

The second special, entitled "The Roast", featured Ed McMahon as emcee of the roast, along the lines of The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast specials. Super Friends_sentence_134

Due to Warner Bros.' contracts on Wonder Woman (already being used in her own live action series; Lynda Carter) and Superman (in his own live-action theatrical movie at the time; Christopher Reeve), they were unable to be featured on the specials. Super Friends_sentence_135

The Plastic Man Comedy Adventure Show Super Friends_section_25

Main article: The Plastic Man Comedy/Adventure Show Super Friends_sentence_136

Plastic Man first appeared in the first season of Super Friends, in one episode. Super Friends_sentence_137

Later, Ruby-Spears Productions released a series starring the character in his own solo adventures. Super Friends_sentence_138

Batman Super Friends_section_26

A Batman animated series was also considered in the mid-1980s, presumably with Adam West reprising his role as the voice of Batman. Super Friends_sentence_139

"The Fear" was written as a pilot episode for the series, but it was instead adapted in to an episode of The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. Super Friends_sentence_140

The New Teen Titans Super Friends_section_27

In 1983, a cartoon based upon The New Teen Titans comics began development. Super Friends_sentence_141

It was created as a companion for the Super Friends, to be set in the same continuity. Super Friends_sentence_142

Robin was not going to be featured in the cartoon though, at least not as a regular, since in the Super Friends universe, he was a member of the Justice League. Super Friends_sentence_143

Like Super Friends, the show was to be developed by Hanna-Barbera for ABC, but since shows like The Smurfs (airing on NBC) were so popular at the time, this show was never picked up by the network. Super Friends_sentence_144

The show would have featured Wonder Girl as the leader, along with Cyborg, Kid Flash, Changeling, Raven and Starfire. Super Friends_sentence_145

Although the show failed to get picked up, a television commercial with a substance abuse theme did feature the Titans, as they would have appeared in the animated series, along with a new superhero named "The Protector" who would have been the replacement character for Robin. Super Friends_sentence_146

A Teen Titans animated TV program was eventually produced, adding Robin and removing Wonder Girl, Kid Flash and The Protector. Super Friends_sentence_147

DC Super Friends Super Friends_section_28

Main article: Imaginext § DC Super Friends Super Friends_sentence_148

Fisher-Price developed a toy line named DC Super Friends featuring DC Comics characters as toys for young children. Super Friends_sentence_149

A comic book series and direct-to-video original animation called The Joker's Playhouse (2010) was developed to tie-in. Super Friends_sentence_150

The video features the World's Greatest Super Friends theme, allusions to the Legion of Doom, and the Super Friends and their Hall of Justice. Super Friends_sentence_151

To watch a full array of clips, visit . Super Friends_sentence_152

Comic books Super Friends_section_29

Super Friends Super Friends_section_30

The first use of the Super Friends name on a DC Comics publication was in Limited Collectors' Edition #C-41 (December 1975-January 1976) which reprinted stories from Justice League of America #36 and 61 and featured a new framing sequence by writer E. Super Friends_sentence_153 Nelson Bridwell and artist Alex Toth. Super Friends_sentence_154

DC published a comic book version of the Super Friends from November 1976 to August 1981. Super Friends_sentence_155

The comic book series was launched by E. Nelson Bridwell and artist Ric Estrada. Super Friends_sentence_156

Zan and Jayna were given back stories and secret identities as a pair of blond-haired high school kids; they were more competent heroes than their cartoon counterparts. Super Friends_sentence_157

While the television cartoons were not part of the same fictional universe as the DC comic books, writer E. Nelson Bridwell made the comic book accord with the other DC titles via . Super Friends_sentence_158

An example of trying to fit Super Friends into the DC Universe: Super Friends_sentence_159

Super Friends_unordered_list_8

  • Wendy, Marvin and Wonder Dog were the only ones active at the Hall of Justice, because the Justice League are in the 30th Century with the Justice Society (as shown in Justice League of America #147–148). Robin was busy helping the Titans in Teen Titans #50-52. Bridwell also gave them last names and ties to the other characters' histories; Wendy Harris was the niece of detective Harvey Harris (who helped train Batman) and Marvin White was the son of Diana Prince (the woman who helped provide Wonder Woman with a secret identity upon her arrival in America). While the show never explained the departure of Wendy, Marvin and Wonder Dog, the story was found in Super Friends #6–9.Super Friends_item_8_130

The argument for the comic being part of the Earth-One continuity also included the fact that certain elements of the series impacted other books in the DC line: Super Friends_sentence_160

1. Super Friends_sentence_161

TNT's appearance in Kandor in an issue of Superman Family that references events exclusively from Super Friends issue #12 Super Friends_sentence_162

2. Super Friends_sentence_163

Sinestro's lack of a power ring in an issue of The Brave and The Bold after the ring was destroyed in Super Friends issue #46. Super Friends_sentence_164

3. Super Friends_sentence_165

Superman already being familiar with Dr. Mist and the international heroes in DC Comics Presents after meeting them in Super Friends issues 7 - 9 and 12-13. Super Friends_sentence_166

Because the Super Friends stories were referenced in and the events in them remembered by the characters in the core DC superhero titles - for example, in Justice League of America #155 (June 1978 - Red Tornado remembers using his powers to break the time barrier, which he did in Super Friends issue #8) - they have to be considered part of the Pre-Crisis Earth 1 ensemble of stories. Super Friends_sentence_167

In 2008, DC began publishing a new Super Friends comic book starring Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Flash (Wally West) and Green Lantern (John Stewart). Super Friends_sentence_168

Based on the eponymous Imaginext toyline; it is aimed at children, with an art style reminiscent to that of Marvel's Super Hero Squad. Super Friends_sentence_169

Written by Sholly Fisch with art mainly from Dario Brizuela, Stewart McKenny and J. Super Friends_sentence_170 Bone (who was cover artist throughout the series), it ran for 29 issues, from May 2008 to September 2010. Super Friends_sentence_171

Collected Editions Super Friends_sentence_172

Super Friends_unordered_list_9

  • Super Friends: For Justice! (collects #1-7)Super Friends_item_9_131
  • Super Friends: Calling All Super Friends (collects #8-14)Super Friends_item_9_132
  • Super Friends: Head of the Class (collects #15-21)Super Friends_item_9_133
  • Super Friends: Mystery In Space (collects #22-28)Super Friends_item_9_134

Extreme Justice Super Friends_section_31

In the comics, the Wonder Twins were members of the short-lived JLI offshoot, Extreme Justice. Super Friends_sentence_173

Young Justice Super Friends_section_32

Young Justice was a comic series that followed the adventures of a group composed of the latest teen superheroes of the late 1990s and early 2000s, including Robin, Superboy, Impulse and Wonder Girl. Super Friends_sentence_174

Towards the end of the run, Young Justice was involved in a mission which required them to invade an island whose population was made up of super-villains. Super Friends_sentence_175

In order to conduct a successful attack, the core team assembled all the then-known teen heroes (including the Wonder Twins). Super Friends_sentence_176

As in Extreme Justice, neither spoke English and both seemed to enjoy eating CDs. Super Friends_sentence_177

Unlike their cartoon counterparts, the Wonder Twins were rude and sarcastic. Super Friends_sentence_178

Super Buddies Super Friends_section_33

Main article: Super Buddies Super Friends_sentence_179

The lighthearted nature of the show was spoofed in the 2000s with two DC miniseries, Formerly Known as the Justice League and I Can't Believe It's Not the Justice League! Super Friends_sentence_180

(although these series were more direct take-offs on the 1980s Blue Beetle/Booster Gold-era Justice League). Super Friends_sentence_181

In these miniseries the group is known as the "Super Buddies", and consists of a team of ex-Justice League members. Super Friends_sentence_182

A television advertisement for the team shows them posing in the postures of the original Super Friends title card. Super Friends_sentence_183

Teen Titans Super Friends_section_34

As of issue #34 (2006), Wendy and Marvin were part of the DC continuity. Super Friends_sentence_184

They are now fraternal twins (a nod to their Super Friends successors, the Wonder Twins), engineering geniuses (having graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology at age 16), and are employed at Titans Tower as maintenance crew and mechanical troubleshooters. Super Friends_sentence_185

They were responsible for restoring Titans member Cyborg to full functionality after he sustained damage to his artificial body parts during the events of the Infinite Crisis mini-series. Super Friends_sentence_186

Wonder Dog was also introduced into the series, although (unlike the cartoon) he was not a lovable sidekick and pet, but a murderous, shape-shifting demon dog who was sent to Titans Tower to kill the team. Super Friends_sentence_187

Wonder Dog killed Marvin and attacked Wendy, leaving her crippled from the waist down. Super Friends_sentence_188

Wendy is a supporting character in the Batgirl series, where she receives help accepting her disabilities from former Batgirl Barbara Gordon. Super Friends_sentence_189

Justice League of America Super Friends_section_35

During the events of the 2005 company-wide Infinite Crisis crossover the Justice League Watchtower was destroyed by Superboy-Prime, leaving the JLA without a base of operations. Super Friends_sentence_190

To that end, the team established the Hall of Justice in Washington, D.C. to act as an embassy for the team and an emergency base of operations if needed. Super Friends_sentence_191

In the continuity of the comics, the Hall was designed by Green Lantern and Wonder Woman. Super Friends_sentence_192

In Justice League of America #46 (2010) Samurai made his first appearance in the DC Universe, where he was shown as one of the heroes driven temporarily insane by Alan Scott. Super Friends_sentence_193

Wizard magazine Super Friends_section_36

Issue #77 of Wizard magazine parodied the Super Friends; the JLA was sent through a dimensional rift and met some of the Super Friends. Super Friends_sentence_194

After Martian Manhunter used his Martian vision to melt the villain and his machine (much to Green Lantern's dismay: "You have to trick him into leaving, or shutting off his machine, NOT direct physical violence! Super Friends_sentence_195

"), the Super Friends decided to send the Justice Leaguers back to their own dimension. Super Friends_sentence_196

As a jest, the magazine also ran an April Fool's promotion for a Wonder Twins special by painter Alex Ross. Super Friends_sentence_197

The book, entitled Wonder Twins: Form of Water, was to be one of Alex Ross' oversized books chronicling the Justice League. Super Friends_sentence_198

The plot would see Zan and Jayna using their powers to help the Earth's famine- and drought-stricken nations after their monkey, Gleek, contracted super-rabies from severe dehydration. Super Friends_sentence_199

Superman and Batman: World's Funnest Super Friends_section_37

In the Elseworlds one-shot Superman and Batman: World's Funnest, Bat-Mite and Mr. Mxyzptlk travel to different worlds within the DC Universe. Super Friends_sentence_200

On one of them, they encounter the Super Friends. Super Friends_sentence_201

The Super Friends in other DC media Super Friends_section_38

Superman: The Animated Series Super Friends_section_39

In the Superman: The Animated Series two-part episode "Apokolips... Super Friends_sentence_202

Now! Super Friends_sentence_203

", Superman is fighting the Parademons in Metropolis. Super Friends_sentence_204

The background is the Hall of Justice, although it is never revealed in full. Super Friends_sentence_205

This is an inside reference for the fans. Super Friends_sentence_206

Justice League Super Friends_section_40

At the end of "Secret Origins," the premiere three-episode arc of Justice League, Superman proposes the formation of a superhero coalition including himself, Batman, Wonder Woman, the Flash (Wally West), the Green Lantern (John Stewart), the Martian Manhunter, and Hawkgirl. Super Friends_sentence_207

In a direct reference (and perhaps a criticism of the somewhat silly name), the Flash jokingly asks if such a team would be called "Super Friends". Super Friends_sentence_208

Superman relabels the guild as the "Justice League". Super Friends_sentence_209

Justice League Unlimited Super Friends_section_41

In the animated series Justice League Unlimited, Gorilla Grodd reforms his Secret Society this time an even larger group of villains. Super Friends_sentence_210

While not called "The Legion of Doom", their headquarters is a craft similar to the Hall of Doom, located in a swamp. Super Friends_sentence_211

Additionally, the Justice League's Metro Tower headquarters in Metropolis strongly resembled the Hall of Justice. Super Friends_sentence_212

The Ultimen, loosely based on characters created for the Super Friends, were briefly allies and later antagonists to the JLU. Super Friends_sentence_213

The Ultimen consisted of Long Shadow (based on Apache Chief and voiced by Gregg Rainwater), Juice (based on Black Vulcan and voiced by an uncredited CCH Pounder in a digitally-altered voice), Wind Dragon (based on Samurai and voiced by James Sie), Downpour and Shifter (based on the Wonder Twins and voiced by Grey DeLisle). Super Friends_sentence_214

The group appeared in the episode "Ultimatum" where it is revealed that they are clones created by Project Cadmus with Maxwell Lord as their manager. Super Friends_sentence_215

The Batman Super Friends_section_42

The animated series The Batman featured a modified version of the JLA Watchtower which closely resembled the Hall of Justice. Super Friends_sentence_216

Batman: The Brave and the Bold Super Friends_section_43

The Hall of Justice appeared in the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episode "Sidekicks Assemble! Super Friends_sentence_217

", with a pastiche of the music played when the Hall appeared in Super Friends. Super Friends_sentence_218

Smallville Super Friends_section_44

The Wonder Twins appeared in the Smallville episode "Idol", with Zan played by David Gallagher and Jayna played by Allison Scagliotti. Super Friends_sentence_219

Gleek did not appear physically, but a cartoonish image of him was shown on each of the twins' cellphones. Super Friends_sentence_220

Young Justice Super Friends_section_45

The Hall of Justice was featured in Young Justice as the Justice League's decoy base of operations. Super Friends_sentence_221

Additionally, Wendy and Marvin appear as classmates of Conner Kent and Megan Morse. Super Friends_sentence_222

The members of the Injustice League operate out of a base resembling the Legion's Hall of Doom. Super Friends_sentence_223

In the second season, approximations of the minority members created for Super Friends (similar to the Ultimen example above) are introduced as teenagers given powers by the Reach. Super Friends_sentence_224

The group consists of Tye Longshadow (Apache Chief), Asami "Sam" Koizumi (Samurai) and Eduardo "Ed" Dorado Jr. (El Dorado). Super Friends_sentence_225

The exception is Black Vulcan, whose place is taken by Milestone Media hero Static (though Black Lightning also appears in the series). Super Friends_sentence_226

DC Nation Shorts Super Friends_section_46

The title of the Super Best Friends Forever DC Nation Shorts is a play on the title Super Friends. Super Friends_sentence_227

Additionally, Black Vulcan's costume can be seen in the background of the first Black Lightning short. Super Friends_sentence_228

The Farm League carries several homages to the Super Friends including its narrator, characters used and graphics. Super Friends_sentence_229

Teen Titans Go! Super Friends_section_47

In the Teen Titans Go! Super Friends_sentence_230

Two-Parter episode, the Titans go to the Hall of Justice to use the pool, as later, they become members of the Justice League to save the Justice League members from Darkseid, this sequence parodies the introduction of the super heroes as in the Super Friends series. Super Friends_sentence_231

In the episode "You're Fired", Beast Boy is fired from the Teen Titans, and a competition is held to find his replacement. Super Friends_sentence_232

The eventual winners are the Wonder Twins. Super Friends_sentence_233

Supergirl Super Friends_section_48

In the pilot episode of Supergirl, Winn Schott considers calling the group of Kara Zor'El and her allies (himself, James Olsen, and Alex Danvers) "The Super Friends". Super Friends_sentence_234

In the fourth season episode, "What’s So Funny About Truth, Justice, And The American Way? Super Friends_sentence_235

", Kara forms a small team of heroes that includes herself, Brainiac 5, Dreamer, and the Martian Manhunter and directly calls them "The Super Friends". Super Friends_sentence_236

In the fifth season episode, "Back From the Future - Part One", the S.T.A.R. Super Friends_sentence_237

Labs base is now called the Hall of Justice. Super Friends_sentence_238

The Flash Super Friends_section_49

In the "Invasion" cross-over event, across Supergirl, The Flash, Arrow and DC's Legends of Tomorrow, the secret STAR Labs base used by the heroes was based on the Hall of Justice. Super Friends_sentence_239

Also later on in that season, Barry and Supergirl sing a duet called "Super Friends" in order to escape the Music Meister’s musical. Super Friends_sentence_240

At the end of the "Crisis on Infinite Earths" cross-over event, the various characters from the shows, now on one Earth, form a group that isn't explicitly named either the Super-Friends or the JLA, but they operate out of the aforementioned building, there is the sound of Gleek and a crate labeled that, and the theme music of the Superfriends plays. Super Friends_sentence_241

Legends of Tomorrow Super Friends_section_50

In the episode "Doomworld", The new design of S.T.A.R. Super Friends_sentence_242

Labs is a reference to the Hall of Doom, which in the comics is the headquarters for the Legion of Doom. Super Friends_sentence_243

In the final scene of "Crisis on Infinite Earths: Part Five", Barry repurposed the secret S.T.A.R. Super Friends_sentence_244

Labs base as the headquarters for Earth-Prime's heroes. Super Friends_sentence_245

In the closing moments of the crossover, the unnamed team is disrupted by the confusing sound of laughter (revealed to be an escaped Gleek, hinting at a possible future inclusion of the character and/or Wonder Twins). Super Friends_sentence_246

Afterwards, the camera pans out to the headquarters as music based on the original series plays in the background. Super Friends_sentence_247

The Lego Batman Movie Super Friends_section_51

In The Lego Batman Movie, the cast of the Super Friends are seen celebrating an anniversary party in the Fortress of Solitude, which Batman wasn't invited to. Super Friends_sentence_248

Video games Super Friends_section_52

Injustice: Gods Among Us Super Friends_section_53

The Hall of Justice is a playable stage in Injustice: Gods Among Us. Super Friends_sentence_249

Toys Super Friends_section_54

Super Powers Collection Super Friends_section_55

Main article: Super Powers Collection Super Friends_sentence_250

The Super Powers toy line (and associated tie-in merchandise) was based on the final two seasons of Super Friends. Super Friends_sentence_251

Samurai, an original character from the show, and the Hall of Justice were both released. Super Friends_sentence_252

Plans for future waves from Super Powers would have also included Apache Chief, El Dorado, Black Vulcan and the Wonder Twins. Super Friends_sentence_253

Justice League Unlimited Super Friends_section_56

Main article: DC Universe: Justice League Unlimited Fan Collection Super Friends_sentence_254

The toy line based on Justice League Unlimited released a three pack of figures from characters created for Super Friends, namely Black Vulcan, Apache Chief and Samurai. Super Friends_sentence_255

They were chosen over the Ultimen characters that actually appeared in the JLU animated series: Juice, Long Shadow and Wind Dragon. Super Friends_sentence_256

DC Super Friends Super Friends_section_57

Fisher-Price began to produce DC Comics characters in a kid-friendly toyline named after the Super Friends. Super Friends_sentence_257

DC Universe Classics Super Friends_section_58

Main article: DC Universe Classics Super Friends_sentence_258

Paying homage to Super Powers, DC Universe Classics produced original Super Friends characters such as Apache Chief, Black Vulcan, El Dorado, Samurai and the Wonder Twins. Super Friends_sentence_259

Figures Toy Company Super Friends_section_59

Figures Toy Company is a company that produces a number of 'nostalgia' figures based on TV shows and comic books. Super Friends_sentence_260

The figures are vinyl dolls with removable outfits. Super Friends_sentence_261

They have released a line of figures that includes a near complete Legion of Doom (only Giganta has not been released). Super Friends_sentence_262

They have announced a Rima the Jungle Girl figure, and were the first company to release figures for Wendy & Marvin. Super Friends_sentence_263

To date, figures have been released for: Superman, Wonder Woman, Batman, Robin, Aquaman, Wendy, Marvin, Zan, Jayna, Gleek, Black Vulcan, Samurai, Apache Chief, El Dorado, Flash, Green Lantern, Hawkman, Atom, Firestom, and Cyborg Super Friends_sentence_264

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Friends.