"Pailas" redirects here.
For the earthenware bowl, see paila.
For the Brazilian drum, see timbal.
|Other names||Pailas, pailas criollas|
|Developed||c. 1900 in Cuba|
They are shallower than single-headed tom-toms, and usually tuned much higher, especially for their size.
The player (called a timbalero) uses a variety of stick strokes, rim shots, and rolls to produce a wide range of percussive expression during solos and at transitional sections of music, and usually plays the shells of the drum or auxiliary percussion such as a cowbell or cymbal to keep time in other parts of the song.
The shells are usually made of metal, but some manufacturers offer shells of maple and other woods.
The term timbal or timbales (pl.) has been used in Cuba for two quite different types of drum.
These were the same general type of drum used in military bands, perhaps slung either side of a horse, and in classical orchestras.
These were, and are, played with mallets (sticks with large, soft, round heads).
The timpani were replaced by pailas criollas, which were originally designed to be used by street bands.
Pailas are always hit with straight batons (thicker than standard drumsticks, and not shaped: they are of uniform thickness along the length) that have no additional head.
Hits are made on the top and on the metal sides.
In a modern band the timbalero may also have a trap set to switch to for certain numbers.
Since the term timbales is used to refer to both timpani and pailas criollas, it is ambiguous when referring to bands playing the danzón in the 1900–1930 period.
In Brazil, the term timbal refers to an unrelated drum.
Timbalitos or pailitas are small timbales with diameters of 6″ (15 cm), 8″ (20 cm), or 10″ (25 cm).
The timbalitos are used to play the part of the bongos with sticks, but are not used to play the traditional timbales part.
Manteca, Papaíto, Félix Escobar 'El Gallego' and Manny Oquendo were masters at playing the bongó part on timbalitos.
Timbalitos are sometimes incorporated into expanded timbales set-ups, or incorporated into drum kits.
The basic timbales part for danzón is called the baqueteo.
In the example below, the slashed noteheads indicate muted drum strokes, and the regular noteheads indicate open strokes.
The danzón was the first written music to be based on the organizing principle of sub-Saharan African rhythm, known in Cuba as clave.
Timbales bell patterns
The cowbells, or wood blocks may be mounted slightly above and between the two timbales a little further from the player.
They are written in 3-2 clave sequence.
The example below shows the combined bell patterns (written in a 2-3 clave sequence).
Tito Puente was frequently seen in concerts, and on posters and album covers, with seven or eight timbales in one set.
The timbales were occasionally expanded with drum kit pieces, such as a kick or snare drum.
By the late 1970s this became the norm in the genre known as songo.
Changuito and others brought rumba and funk influences into timbales playing.
In contemporary timba bands, drummers, such as Calizto Oviedo, will often use a timbales/drum kit hybrid.
The original style of soloing on timbales is known as típico ('typical').
Manny Oquendo (1931-2009) played timbales solos famous for their tastefully sparse, straight forward típico phrasing.
The following five measure excerpt is from a timbales solo by Oquendo on "Mambo."
The clave pattern is written above for reference.
Notice how the passage begins and ends by coinciding with the strokes of clave.
Rumba quinto rhythmic vocabulary
Bud used his timbal usually for accents and transitions, especially in the more reggae-influenced songs, but it is used exclusively in place of the snare on the song "Waiting for My Ruca" from 40 oz. and to FreedomStand By Your Van.
The Ohio University Marching 110's drum line features four sets of timbales in the place of quads or quints.
They are one of the very few marching bands in the country to still employ timbales in their drum line.
They also employ four sets of dual tom toms to play the lower lines that a quad or quint would cover.
Meinl also produce a set of mini timbales of traditional depth but 8" and 10" diameter, also suitable for drum kit usage.
Timbales are traditionally played in:
- Latin jazz (especially Afro-Cuban jazz)
- Latin rock
Many rock bands have included it in their rhythm section despite not playing Latin rock.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timbales.